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					                       UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO




Creating an “Honesty Trace”
Using a Garmin GPS Device
By Cpl Matthew Ellis
CLB-3 S-2 Analyst
20 May 2009




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                               Purpose:
     This manual was created for all units of 2nd Marine Expeditionary Brigade.
     Most mounted patrols in southern Afghanistan occur not on roads, but across
deserts, through riverbeds, and around mountains. An “Honesty Trace” is a map
plotted with all the actual (vice planned) routes taken by previous patrols. Without
them, Marines often kid themselves that their routes vary sufficiently from patrol to
patrol to avoid setting patterns. The truth is that our routes set patterns that the enemy
routinely exploits. Honesty Traces are the only way to keep accurate account of where
you (and where your sister U.S. and British units) have been.
     Honesty Traces plainly tell us which wadi crossings we gravitate toward, which
stretches of desert we have traversed before, and which contours and chokepoints we
and our sister units tend to repeatedly navigate. Hence, the traces keep us honest.
They indicate where we should sweep for IEDs, where we might employ snipers, and
where we should consider changing our route altogether. In short, Honesty Traces
are the single most effective tool you have for route planning.
     A decade ago these had to be painstakingly plotted by hand on tracing paper.
Today, with an off-the-shelf Garmin GPS device, our routes can be automatically
recorded and plotted by plugging the device into a USB port and downloading the data
onto FalconView, C2PC, GoogleEarth, or some other mapping software.
     This manual shows patrol leaders the simple steps they can follow to record their
actual routes. It also explains how they, or their S-2 shops, can create Honesty Trace
maps based on the routes recorded on their Garmin GPS devices.
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Part I:
Familiarizing Yourself With the
Garmin and Recording Your
Actual Route.



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                  Familiarization with the Garmin




                                  USB CORD



       FRONT                                                     BACK

Note: You’ll need a Garmin that is compatible with a USB port.



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                         Garmin Buttons


                   LEFT SIDE                    RIGHT SIDE
                                                                        BACK/STOP BUTTON
ZOOM OUT




                                                             ON/OFF AND BRIGHTNESS ADJUSTER
                         NAVIGATIONAL STICK
     MENU BUTTON



                                    SCREEN


     LEFT                            FRONT                            RIGHT




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                                         Back of Garmin
   USB PORT COVER
                                                              USB PORT


                                          BATTERIES (AA)




TURN LEFT AND PULL TO ACCESS BATTERIES




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                                         USB Cord




THIS END GOES INTO A USB PORT ON YOUR COMPUTER




                                                 THIS END GOES INTO THE BACK OF THE GARMIN




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                            Powering Up the GARMIN
1)   Hold the “On” button located on the right
     side (the one with the light bulb icon) for
     1.5 seconds.
                                                                          BACK/STOP BUTTON




                                                               ON/OFF AND BRIGHTNESS ADJUSTER




                                                                        RIGHT




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                          Powering Up the GARMIN
•   A screen showing cardinal directions will
    appear; “Acquiring Satellites” will also
    show at the top the screen.




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                   SETTING YOUR GARMIN TO TRACK YOUR ROUTE
1)   Depending on your location it can take 10-
     60 seconds to acquire enough satellites to
     triangulate your position.
       1) If you are in a location that is closed
           or has cover you will not be able to
           acquire satellites.
       2) “Poor Satellite Reception” will
           appear.
       3) If this occurs move to a new location
           and click on the navigational stick,
           then click on the fourth selection
           “Continue Acquiring”.
       4) Continue this process until the
           screen shows a blank map with a
           North-seeking arrow in the upper left
           hand corner. This indicates that you
           have acquired a link with the
           satellites.




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                  SETTING YOUR GARMIN TO TRACK YOUR ROUTE
2)   After turning on your Garmin, press the
     menu button twice (located on the left side
     of the Garmin).




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                  SETTING YOUR GARMIN TO TRACK YOUR ROUTE
3) A “Main Menu” screen will appear.
      1) The battery life indicator will be in the
          upper right hand corner.




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                  SETTING YOUR GARMIN TO TRACK YOUR ROUTE
4)   Navigate to the “Tracks” icon.
5)   Press the navigational stick once.




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                   SETTING YOUR GARMIN TO TRACK YOUR ROUTE
6)   A Track Log will appear (it will be on “Off”).




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                  SETTING YOUR GARMIN TO TRACK YOUR ROUTE
7)   Use the navigational stick to select “On”
     (“On” will appear with a yellow highlight
     when selected).
8)   Once “On” is selected, press once on the
     navigation stick.




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                  SETTING YOUR GARMIN TO TRACK YOUR ROUTE
9)  The black dot will appear in the blank circle
    to the left of “On”.
10) Your Garmin is now tracking the route.




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                       Placing the Garmin In a Turret


1)   A good place to put
     the Garmin is in a
     vehicle turret.
2)   To mitigate dust or to
     prevent the device
     from getting wet, you
     can place the Garmin
     in a plastic bag.
3)   Using duct-tape to
     fasten the Garmin to
     the turret works fairly
     well. The key thing is
     to ensure the Garmin
     is atop the vehicle
     with clear line-of-
     sight to the satellites.
     The Garmin will not
     work well from inside
     the vehicle.




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                            Saving Your Route on the Garmin

1)   Once at your destination
     remove the Garmin from
     the turret.
2)   Navigate to the “Tracks”
     icon in the main menu (see
     slides 10-13 “Setting Your
     Garmin to Track Your
     Route”).
3)   Set the track log to “Off”.




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                           Saving Your Route on the Garmin

4)   Navigate to the “Save”
     selection (it will be
     highlighted in yellow when
     selected).
5)   Click once on the
     navigational stick.




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                            Saving Your Route on the Garmin

6)   A screen asking “Do you
     want to save entire track?”
     will appear.
7)   Ensure “Yes” is
     highlighted yellow.
8)   Click once on the
     navigation button.




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                             Saving Your Route on the Garmin

9)    A “saved track” screen will
      appear.
10)   Ensure the date is correct.
11)   Navigate to the “Ok” in the
      lower right hand corner (it
      will be yellow when
      selected).
12)   Click once on the
      navigational stick.
13)   Your route is now saved.
      All you have to do now is
      hand the device to your S2.




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Part II:
Downloading a Saved Route to
the S-2 Computer and Plotting
the Route on FalconView or
C2PC.


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First step is to download the Garmin “MapSource” software to your
computer. MapSource allows you to download routes from the
handheld GPS and to create GPX files, which may be stored or
sent to higher. MapSource also allows you to plot the routes on
FalconView and C2PC. MapSource comes with the Garmin.
Alternatively, you can get a copy from the RCT S-2 Shop’s imagery
analysts, Sgt Spurling and SSgt Warren (they’re based at
SPMAGTF-A headquarters at Kandahar Airfield through May 2009,
and then will relocate to FOB Leatherneck). Also, the 1st CEB S-2
Officer at FOB Leatherneck, 2ndLt Bryan Warner, has copies.
Their contact information:

aaron.j.spurling@afghan.usmc.smil.mil
nilsson.a.warren@afghan.usmc.smil.mil
bryan.warner@bastion.afghan.usmc.smil.mil

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                Connecting the Device to Your Computer
1)   Connect the small
     end of the USB cord
     to the back of the
     Garmin.
2)   Connect the large
     end of the USB cord
     to a USB port on your
     computer.
3)   Turn on the Garmin
     once both sides are
     connected.
4)   The Install Wizard
     will appear on your
     computer screen.




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         Installing The Garmin Hardware On Your Computer


1)   If this is the first time
     connecting the
     device to the
     computer, “Found
     New Hardware
     Wizard” will appear.
2)   Ensure the “Install
     the Software
     Automatically
     (Recommended)”
     circle has a black dot
     in it.
3)   Click “Next”.




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        Installing The Garmin Hardware On Your Computer

•   This will begin the
    install (this can take
    up to 60 seconds).




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        Installing The Garmin Hardware On Your Computer


4)   When complete,
     “Completing the
     Found New Hardware
     Wizard” will appear.
5)   Click on “Finish”.
6)   The Garmin is
     installed.




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            Transferring Routes From Garmin To MapSource
1)   Once the device is installed,
     open MapSource program.
2)   MapSource will appear.
3)   Click on “Transfer” in the
     upper left corner.
4)   A drop down menu will
     appear.
5)   Click on “Receive from
     device”.




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            Transferring Routes From Garmin To MapSource
6)   A “Receive from device”
     menu will appear.
7)   If your Garmin does not
     appear in the “Device:” drop
     down menu, follow the
     directions given.
8)   Ensure the “Tracks”
     selection is checked.
9)   Click on “Receive”.




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             Transferring Routes From Garmin To MapSource
10)   A “Receiving from eTrex
      VistaCx software version
      2.50” will appear.
11)   After a few seconds a
      “Transfer complete” will
      appear.
12)   Click “Ok”.




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             Transferring Routes From Garmin To MapSource
13)   The transfer is complete and
      the boxes will disappear.
14)   All of the routes saved on the
      Garmin will appear on the
      map and in the left hand side.




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At this point, you have the option of saving your
recorded routes as GPX files. We recommend you do
so: GPX files can be easily emailed to other people. In
fact, you should turn all your recorded routes into GPX
files and email them to the RCT S-2 shop, which will
store them along with those of adjacent units and create
Honesty Trace maps for you.

The following three slides show you how to convert your
recorded routes into GPX files using MapSource.




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                           Saving route file as a GPX


1)   Click on the file you
     wish to save as a
     GPX.
2)   Once the track is
     selected, click on File
     in the top right
     corner.
3)   Click on “Save As”.




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                            Saving route file as a GPX


4)   A “Save As” window
     will appear.
5)   Select the drop down
     menu “Save as type”.




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                            Saving Route File as a GPX


6)   Select “GPS
     eXchange Format
     (*gpx)”.
7)   Save the file as
     “Location
     DDMMMYY”.
8)   The saved GPX files
     can now be emailed
     to the RCT S-2 shop,
     which will make
     Honesty Trace maps
     from them.




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Next, you will need to copy your saved routes to Excel.
The Excel files are what FalconView and C2PC will use
to plot the routes. The following slides show how to
complete this task.




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                 Copying Routes to Excel Spreadsheets


1)   Double click on the
     file and the track you
     wish to convert and
     the track properties
     will appear.
2)   Once the “Track
     Properties” window
     appears, select one
     of the rows and press
     “Ctrl + A” to select all
     rows.
3)   Once all have been
     selected and are blue
     press “Ctrl + C” to
     copy all.
4)   Click “Cancel”.




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                Copying Routes to Excel Spreadsheets


5)   Double click on the
     file and the track you
     wish to convert and
     the track properties
     will appear.




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                 Copying Routes to Excel Spreadsheets


6)   Once the “Track
     Properties” window
     appears, select one
     of the rows and press
     “Ctrl + A” to select all
     rows.
7)   Once all have been
     selected and are blue
     press “Ctrl + C” to
     copy all.
8)   Click “Cancel”.




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                  Copying Routes to Excel Spreadsheets


9)  Once the files are
    copied open a new
    Excel spread sheet.
10) Select the first cell in
    the first row.
11) Paste previously
    copied selection into
    the spreadsheet.




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                Copying Routes to Excel Spreadsheets


12) Select columns “A”
    through “i” by
    dragging the mouse
    across the letters.
13) Right click on one of
    the selected letters
    and click “Delete” in
    the drop down menu.




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                Copying Routes to Excel Spreadsheets


14) This will leave only the
    MGRS coordinates in
    the first row.
15) Save the document to
    your designated folder
    as (location ddmmyy).




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                                 Excel to FalconView
1)   Once the spread sheet has
     been saved, open the
     Excel2FV folder on your
     desktop and open the file
     inside.
2)   Make sure the tab at the
     top says “Import to FV”.
3)   Ensure the import type is
     “Draw.”
4)   Click “Connect all
     records”.




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                                Excel to FalconView
5)   A box will appear, click
     “Yes.”




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                          Excel to FalconView
6)   Click on “Source.”




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                                 Excel to FalconView
7)   “Import Source_File” will
     appear.
8)   Navigate to the location
     where you stored the
     spreadsheet you created
     from Map Source.
9)   Double click on the Excel
     file you wish to import.




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                                    Excel to FalconView
10)   “Save Location” box will
      appear.
11)   Click on “Other Directory.”




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                                    Excel to FalconView
12)   A “Save DRW File” window
      will appear.
13)   Name the file “Location
      DDMMYY.”
14)   Save the file to a location
      where you will be able to
      find it later.




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                              Excel to FalconView


15) Select “MGRS” in the
    coordinate format.
16) Go to where it says
    “Column One” and
    click drop down arrow
    and select “MGRS”.
17) Click inside the
    coordinate format box
    so all the letters turn
    black.
18) Click “Create.”
19) The spread sheet will
    appear.
20) Click on
    “Excel2FV.Doc” in the
    bottom tool bar.




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                               Excel to FalconView


21) “Import Summary” box
    will appear.
22) If you wish to view in
    FalconView select
    “Yes” if not, select
    “No”.
23) Once the route is
    created it will be saved
    in the same folder as
    the spreadsheet you
    created earlier.




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                               Converting to C2PC


1)   Open EXCEL2FV.
2)   Click on the tab at the
     top that says “export
     from fv”.
3)   Select “Drawing” in
     the source file type
     portion.
4)   Select “C2PC MGC” in
     the “export file type”
     portion.
5)   Click on Source.




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                              Converting to C2PC


6)   Navigate to the FV
     draw file you wish to
     convert.
7)   Double click the route
     you wish to convert.
8)   The file will maintain
     the same name as the
     FV file.
9)   Click “Convert File!”




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                                      Opening in C2PC

1)   Open C2PC.
2)   Select the overlay tab.
3)   Right click on the folder that
     says “imported”.
4)   Click on “import” in the drop
     down menu that appears.
5)   Navigate to the location where
     the C2PC mgc file you created
     is.
6)   Double click on the file.




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                                Opening in C2PC

7)  The file will be imported
    into the “imported”
    folder in C2PC.
8) Click on the “plus”
    symbol to the left of the
    file you imported.
9) Double click on the
    Polyline.
10) A Polyline input data
    window will appear.
11) Click on the tab that
    says “Polyline”.
12) Uncheck the “auto
    close” box.




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                                      Opening in C2PC

13)   Select the tab “Properties”.
14)   Here you can adjust the color
      and thickness of the route to
      be displayed.
15)   The following slide will show
      you an example of what
      Honesty Traces look like
      when they’re plotted on a
      map.




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                          UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO




This presentation was prepared for all units of 2nd MEB, and any
other ISAF units, by the S-2 shop (1stLt Matt Pottinger and
Corporal Matthew Ellis) of Combat Logistics Battalion 3, United
States Marine Corps. Lt Pottinger is in Afghanistan until spring of
2010 and can be contacted at the following email addresses:

1stLt Matt Pottinger matthew.f.pottinger@afghan.swa.army.mil
                     matt_pottinger@hotmail.com




                          UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO

				
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