Building a German Nation by ert554898

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									Building a German
Nation
 I. Creation of German Nation
   A. German Confederation created by
    Congress of Vienna
     1. Headed by Austria
     2. Weak alliance
     3. Politically fragmented
 B. Otto von Bismarck
   1. Named chancellor of Austria by King
    William I.
     A. Policy of “blood and iron” united Germany
      under Prussian rule.
     B. Strengthened army
     C. Aggressive foreign
      policy
 C. Declared war on Denmark and Austria
   1. Annexed several German states
   2. Created new confederation led by Prussia
  D. Franco-Prussian War - 1870
    1. Napoleon III declared war on Prussia
    2. Prussia easily defeated France
   E. German Empire
       1. King William I took title of Kaiser
       2. Called birth of second Reich
       3. Bismarck set up a two-house legislature
          a. Upper house appointed
          b. Lower house elected
 F. Campaign against the Catholic Church
   1. Saw church as a threat
   2. Launched battle against church
   3. Faithful rallied behind the church
  G. Campaign against Socialists
    1. Thought they would undermine loyalty of
    workers
    2. Social democratic Party continued to grow
 H. Kaiser William II
   1. Asked Bismarck to resign in 1890.
   2. Believed in his divine right to rule.
   3. increased programs for social welfare,
    military spending

								
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