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The Rise of Absolutism in Europe_ 1500-1800

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The Rise of Absolutism in Europe_ 1500-1800 Powered By Docstoc
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   WHAT DOES THE WORD ABSOLUTE
    MEAN?
   WHERE DOES THE POWER TO RULE
    COME FROM?
   WHY IS THAT IMPORTANT?
   WHAT IS THE WORST THAT A KING
    CAN DO TO A PERSON? THE POPE?
The Rise of Absolutism in
Europe, 1500-1800
   Absolutism:
     The exercise of complete and

      unrestricted power of
      government
   Absolute Monarch –
     a king or queen who has unlimited

      power and seeks to control all
      aspects of society, economically,
      socially and politically.
   Divine Right –
     The idea that the power to rule

      comes from God. Monarchs are
      answerable only to God. The
      people cannot question the will of
      the monarch.
Causes of Absolutism
1. Growth in trade
2. Feudalism declined
3. Rise of cities
4. Growth of national
   kingdoms
5. Growth of middle class
6. Decline in Church power
7. Rise of colonial holdings
Effects of Absolutism
1. Power of nobles
    reduced
2. Individual rights
    limited
3. Abuse of power &
    tyranny
4. A desire of the
    people to be free!!
5. The Enlightenment
        Examples of Absolute
            Monarchs
   Philip II of Spain
   Louis XIV of France
   Peter the Great of Russia
   Frederick the Great of Prussia
   Maria Theresa of Austria
   Charles I of England
           Philip II of Spain
              1527-1598
   In 1556 Philip II becomes king of Spain,
    the wealthiest, most powerful nation in
    Europe.
   Philip defends Roman Catholicism
    against Protestantism and Islam.
   Spanish riches help stimulate a golden
    age in the arts.
Philip II of Spain
Louis XIV of France
         Frederick the Great
              1712-86
   Known as “Great” because of the
    success of his reforms
   Reformed agriculture (brought in crop
    rotation, the iron plough and crop
    rotation) and justice system (court of
    appeals & lessened bribing of judges)
         Frederick the Great
              1712-86
   Tolerated almost all religions
   Personally directed the economy for the
    benefit of the army
   Maintained large army through heavy
    taxes on the citizens
   Peasant education only for reading &
    writing– did not want them to know
    they were in a bad position
Frederick the Great
      Maria Theresa of Austria
            (r.1740-80)
   Fought War of Austrian Succession
    against Prussia
   Increased taxes on nobility—why?
   Strengthened central gov’t at expense
    of the local gov’ts
   Taxed church heavily and confiscated
    church lands. Threw Jesuits out of
    Austria
Maria Theresa of Austria
      (r.1740-80)
Peter The Great of Russia
     (r. 1672-1725)

				
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