Chapter 9 Launching a New Republic 1789 through 1800

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					Chapter 9 Launching a New
Republic 1789 through 1800
                 Section 2
     Challenges to the new Government

 Washington established central authority at
home and avoided war with European powers
        Section 2 objectives
1. To analyze the causes and outcome of
   the Battle of Fallen Timbers

2. To identify the reason for the Whiskey

3. To explain how Washington maintained
   US neutrality
      Securing the Northwest Territory

• Trans-Appalachian West: the area between the appellation
  mountains and the Mississippi River
• Spain, Britain, US, and Native Americans all claimed parts of this
• The Spanish government threatened to close the Port of New
  Orleans to American traders and farmers
• Spain stirred up trouble between white settlers and Native
• The British government violated the Treaty of Paris by continuing to
  holding forts in the Northwest Territory
• England supports Native Americans who clashed with American
  settlers and also want to establish an independent Native American
           Battle of Fallen Timbers
                                         •   Thousands of Native Americans had
Gen. Anthony Wayne & Troops attack Native    moved into the Northwest territory in
                                             the 1790s
American at Fallen Timbers on banks of
                                         •   President Washington sends troops
Maumee River, Ohio August 1794               into the Northwest territory
                                         •   Native American tribes are able to
                                             defeat US forces on two occasions
                                         •   Washington sends more troops led
                                             by Anthony Wayne
                                         •   General Anthony Wayne defeated
                                             the Native Americans at the Battle of
                                             Fallen Timber 1794
                                         •   12 Native American tribes signed the
                                             Treaty of Greenville with United
                                             States 1795
                                         •   This treaty gives much of present-
                                             day Ohio and Indiana to the US
                                              – Native Americans give up 25,000
                                                square acres for $20,000
          The Whiskey Rebellion
Protesters tar & feather a Tax officer   • Western farmers resisted
                                           Hamilton’s tax on whiskey
 during Whiskey Rebellion in 1794
                                         • Farmers believed it was more
                                           economical and easier for them
                                           to sell Rye Whiskey than bushels
                                           of Rye
                                         • Farmers would also trade
                                           whiskey for goods they needed
                                         • In Pennsylvania, farmers staged
                                           the Whiskey Rebellion because
                                           of the taxes on whiskey
                                         • Hamilton persuades Washington
                                           to send federal troops to put
                                           down uprising
                                            – This will show that the
                                              government has the power and
                                              the will to enforce its laws
                                            – Washington leads 13,000 troops,
                                              as word spreads the farmers
                                              begin to disperse
Washington leads 13,000 troops
The French Revolution
          • In 1789 the French people
            rebel against Louis XVI
          • The French are inspired by
            American independence and
          • The revolution was peasants
            and middle class versus
          • European monarchs believe
            the revolution threatens their
            own thrones
          • The French people
            beheaded Louis XVI and his
            family. This upsets most
         The French Revolution
• The French declare war on Britain, Holland, and Spain
• The US is bound by a treaty signed in the American
  Revolution to help support the French government
• Some Americans want the United States government to
  support the Revolution and the cause of liberty
• Others do not want the Americans to get involved in
  another war against Britain, which is a major American
  trade partner
• Neutrality Proclamation 1793
   – President Washington declares the United States will remain
     neutral in April 1793
                   Remaining neutral
•       The British made it difficult for the United States to remain neutral by
        seizing American ships and cargo that were sailing in the West Indies
    –      Illegally stopped 130 U.S. ships & impressed U.S. soldiers (force to serve in
           GN Navy)
•       Washington sent Chief Justice John Jay to negotiate with the British 1794
•       Jays Treaty
    1.     Britain pays for damages to American ships
    2.     Britain gives up forts in Ohio River Valley
    3.     U.S. pays debts owed to British merchants since the revolution
•       Americans thought Jay was too easy on them. They burned effigies of
        him in the streets
•       Jay was unable to open the West Indies for American shipping
•       Thomas Pinckney convinced Spain to sign Pinckney’s Treaty 1795
    –      Allowed Americans to travel freely on the Mississippi River
    –      Store goods at New Orleans without custom duties
    –      Spain accepts 31st parallel as boundary between Spanish Florida and U.S.

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