Possible Areas of Inquiry

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					                           1

     Sutton’s Guide to

Surviving the Persuasive
       Essay and
    Research Paper
                                                                                                        2

                                   Writing to Persuade
So, have you been in any good arguments lately? Did you win any? Did you learn anything?
Were you able to see the other person’s point of view? Has some thing in the news
concerned you lately? Have you talked to people about it? Are you informed enough to
decide how to feel or what to do? Have you ever written a letter to the editor? Have you ever
read one, disagreed with it, and wanted to discuss the issues?

Welcome to the power of the persuasive essay. When you have something to say and you
want to convince people to feel the way that you do, it helps to be informed and well-
organized. I am hoping to show you a few ways to get informed and to organize your
thoughts into clear, persuasive essays and, eventually, into a longer persuasive research
paper. I know how it feels to be intimidated by libraries, works cited pages, and long writing
assignments, but we’ll dispel those fears and have you ready to express yourself in an
intelligent, persuasive way.

Step 1 – Have something to say!!
       I recommend that if you do not keep up with what’s happening in the news, then you should
       begin now, for it will help you with your writing immeasurably. Current events will give you
       ideas for writing. What pleases you that is happening today? What frightens you? Worries
       you? Angers you? Write about it.

Step 2 – Look at all sides of an issue.
       If I asked you to comment on our school schedule (length of the day, length of the year, the
       way it is chopped up, when it begins and ends, etc…), you would have to decide how many
       factors are involved, which ones you care about, and what the consequences of your
       decisions might be. This kind of planning is crucial before you even begin to have an opinion.

Step 3 – Have an opinion / choose a side.
       You cannot be wishy-washy in a persuasive essay. No arguing both or all sides. Decide what it
       is you want to prove.
       For example:
       Issue: Which animals make the best house pets?
       Sides to the issue: There are as many sides to this issue as there are animals, but cats and
       dogs would probably be the most popular choices.
       Choose a side: Okay, I’ll choose dogs.
       Your Point of View: Dogs make better house pets.


Step 4 – Concession: the concession is the other side’s point of view (they like something
      different or they object to what you like)

       For example:
       Opponent’s preference: “But cats are smart! They’re clean! They’re independent!”
       Or
       Opponent’s objections to what you want: “But dogs shed, they need to be walked, and they
       bark too much.”
                                                                                                           3
* Including the other side’s arguments or objections is called the CONCESSION. Including a concession
shows that you have done a lot of thinking, that you are informed and open-minded, but you feel that your
opinion is the better one. You concede (give in, admit to be true) that some people will have their reasons
for disagreeing with you, but then you will go on to prove your point.

Step 5 – Develop and organize your reasons for why you feel the way you do.

       For example: Why do dogs make good pets? Hmmm… Well, they make good
       protectors! And, um… they’re playful! Yeah! And… they’re loyal! There, that’s three. That’s pretty
       good!
       *The combination of your CONCESSION, YOUR OPINION, and your REASONS is called your
         COMPLETE THESIS STATEMENT. Here are two examples based on two different types
        of concessions:
               1. Although some may prefer cats, dogs make better house pets, because they are
                  protective, playful and loyal.

               2. Dogs may have some flaws, but they make the best house pets, because they
                  are protective, playful, and loyal.

Step 6 – You need proof/examples to go with your reasons.
       For example: If your first reason is that dogs are protective, what makes them good protectors?
               Proof:     “Ninety percent of burglars surveyed said that they pass by a
                          home where they hear a barking dog.”

               Example: “My dog, Shakespeare, goes with me when I walk at night and she
                        growls if anyone gets too close.”

Step 7 – Organize and Outline!!
Students hate to outline. I am not sure why. Some claim that it is a waste -- a time-consuming act that
teachers devised to make students suffer. I have heard, “I write much better if I just let the ideas flow,”
and, “Dude, it cramps my creativity if I have to outline! Fight the structure!” My guess is that it is the work.
It takes time and brainpower to outline an essay. BUT, if you put the time into your outline, your essay will
write itself. If you get the tough stuff out of the way, then you can concentrate on being witty, original, and
creative when you write your first draft. Even if you manage to write an understandable essay without an
outline, it still won’t be as good as it might have been had you planned (believe me, I’ve read enough of
these things). Builders use plans, artists use sketches, and writer should use outlines.
Outline Format: One type of outline that I will show you in class is called a Web Outline. Take
notes below:
                                                                                            4
Another option is the more common Linear Outline used below:

I.     Introduction
       A. Hook – an opener to get the reader interested (statistics, a quote, personal
                  experience, a story…)
       B. COMPLETE THESIS STATEMENT

II.    Concession
       Topic Sentence: Use words like “granted” or “it may be true that” or “some people
       think” to make it clear that these are not your arguments.

       A. Reason 1
          -- proof/example
       B. Reason 2
          -- proof/example
       C. Reason 3
          -- proof/example

III.   Argument 1: The first argument after the concession needs two topic sentences:

             Topic sentence #1 – The first begins with “However” to show that you are now
              moving on to your topic. (“However, dogs are clearly a better house pet.”)
             Topic sentence #2 – The second topic sentence will reflect your first argument.
              (“First, dogs are very protective.”)
       A. Interviews with burglars
          -- proof/example
       B. Barking
          -- proof/example
       C. Physically intimidating
          -- proof/example
IV.    Argument two
       Topic sentence –
       A.

       B.

       C.

V.     Argument three
       Topic sentence –
       A.

       B.

      C.
*Carry on in this way for every argument that you have.
                                                                                            5
VI.      Conclusion – You should try to do two things in your conclusion:
         1. Repeat your thesis but in different words, and
         2. Do one of the following: Consider the consequences/Look to the future/Use another
            quote or other statistics (you may want to come back around to something that
            matches the hook in your introduction).


Step 8 – Write a first draft (use the computer since revision will be less time consuming that
way).
       Use your own voice – don’t try to impress the reader by being someone you aren’t.
         Let your personality come through. Use your personal experience, your sense of
         humor, your passion, your voice. Avoid “essay speak.”
       Keep your audience in mind. For whom or to whom are you writing?
Step 9 – The Final Draft
       Work on development. (In the research paper, you may need to look for more
        research [and be sure to add any new articles you find to the Works Cited Page]).

       Revise, Revise, Revise!!! This does not mean simply “run the spell check.”
          It means:
                  Reorganize – Should ideas be moved around? Which arguments
                                 turned out to be the best? Where should they go?
                  Reevaluate – Are you persuasive? Maybe you have changed your
                                 mind and have more to say about how great cats are.
                                  Change it around. Add more supports and/or details.
                  Add flavor -- Are more details needed? Better adjectives? Is it
                                  interesting?
                  Edit --        Is your draft too wordy? Are you being repetitive? Do
                                 you get off the topic? Chop, chop, chop!
                  Clarify --     Did you assume too much? Do certain things need to
                                  be defined or explained more clearly?
                  Proofread -- Clean up the typos, misspellings, and grammatical
                                  errors.
                  Have someone else read it over for you.
A Proofreading Checklist: here is a “top ten” checklist of issues to address before
handing in your papers.
               1. MLA heading – your assignment must have a heading on the upper left side of
                  the page and in this order: Name, Teacher, Class, Date, Assignment. (The date
                  is written with the day first [e.g. 16 September, 2001]). It should be double
                  spaced.
               2. Title – each piece of writing must have a title, which must not be underlined,
                   in quotes, or all in capitals. Be creative. It’s important.
               3. Double space, 12 font, Times New Roman or Arial, 1 inch margins all around, no bold
               4. Omit all contractions except when writing dialogue.
               5. Paragraphs should be a minimum of seven sentences.
               6. Do not use “I think,” “I feel,” “I believe,” or “In my opinion.”
                                                                                                   6
               7. Stick to one verb tense.
               8. Magazine, journal, and newspaper titles get underlined. Article titles go in quotation
                   marks.
               9. In most cases, punctuation should be kept within the quotation marks.
               10. Watch grammatical and spelling errors (esp. commas, semicolons, and homonyms).


       Step 10 – Learn from your mistakes and try to do better the next time.

               This is a process, and practice makes better (with writing, it is seldom
               perfect, but it can get pretty darn good.)




Let’s try it out! The 5 paragraph persuasive essay
The following topics are options for your 5 paragraph essays that will include a
concession:

          a.   My town is (is not) a good place to live.
          b.   My school is (is not) a good school to attend.
          c.   I would (would not) make a good parent (or teacher/coach).
          d.   The person I most admire (present their flaws as well)
          e.   Who has it easier (or who has it tougher), men or women?


1.   Choose a topic you could write a lot about.
2.   Create either a web outline or a linear outline for that topic. The only complete
     sentences should be the complete thesis statement and the topic sentences.
     Everything else can be sketched out in a few words.
3.   Write a first draft that I can read over.
4.   Revise and edit to create a wonderfully persuasive essay.



                          Next Step: The Research Paper 
Research the Multigenre Way: All tenth grade students are required to write a research paper,
but this year I thought I would try something a little different. In addition to writing a paper
that I will read, you will also choose two ways to convey to your peers what you learned.
Keep this in mind as you choose a topic and do your research. We’ll talk more about this later.
                                                                                                 7

                     The Research Paper: The Planning Stage
The first step of the research paper will be the most important – choosing a topic that you like
and care about. “When I read your paper, I want to be informed, but even more, I want to be
moved” (Romano, Tom. “The Many Ways of Multigenre”). And the best way to move your
reader is to first choose a topic that moves you. Choosing a topic can be overwhelming,
because there is so much from which to choose. So, we’ll spend some time on this stage. I’ll
give you a list of topics that students have wrestled with in the past, and we’ll look at some
library databases devoted to controversial issues that will have lots of topics to consider.


                            Possible Areas of Inquiry
Animals                                                   Day care
    Testing                                              International adoption
    Endangered species                                   Interracial adoption
    Zoos                                                 Juvenile crime (incidence and
    Costs/benefits of pet ownership                       sentencing)
Business/Economics                                      Spanking/discipline
    Labor unions                                       Foster care
    Government bailouts of private industry            Children of alcoholics
    American housing collapse                          Children of Divorced parents
    Outsourcing                                        Obesity
    Unemployment/job creation                          Underage drinking
    NASA                                            Computers and Technology
    Federal budget deficit                             Artificial Intelligence/robots
    Deficit spending                                   Hackers/crime
    Lotto/gambling                                     National security
    Poverty/homelessness                               Identity theft
    Social security                                    Censorship
    Welfare                                            Virtual reality
    Monopolies                                         Social Networking
    Changing the tax code                              Cyber-bullying
Censorship                                              Privacy
    Internet                                           ebooks
    Music                                              The future of/impact on reading and
    Literature                                            printed books
    Video games                                        The future of/impact on newspapers
    Parental advisories                             Controversial People
    Flag burning                                       Julian Assange (wikileaks)
Children                                                Tiger Woods
    Teen driving                                       Lady Gaga
    Teen drug use                                      Sarah Palin
                                                                                        8
Crime                                                 Alternative/renewable energy sources
    Capital punishment                               Carbon offsets
    Gangs                                            Off-shore drilling
    Gun violence/Gun control                         Population growth
    Human trafficking                                Toxic spills/ clean up
    Prostitution                                     Recycling
    Prisons                                          Nuclear power
    Parole                                       Food/ Eating
    Appeals process                                  Energy drinks
    Profiling                                        Soda tax
Drugs/Alcohol                                         Junk food in schools
    Meth, crack, heroine…                            Local Foods movement
    Mandatory testing                                Organic farming
    Legalization                                     Additives
    Smoking                                          cleaning/pesticides
    Steroids and HGH                                 anorexia/bulimia
    Needle distribution                              vegetarianism
    Drinking age                                     vitamins
    Antibiotics                                      genetic manipulation of food
    Ritalin                                      Foreign Policy
Education                                             The Taliban
    Cash for grades                                  U. S. military presence abroad
    Year round school                                Prison at Guantanamo Bay
    Eligibility requirements                         Limitation on imports
    Uniforms/Dress codes                             Immigration
    Prayer in school                                 Defense spending
    Single gender schools                            US involvement in foreign conflicts
    Home schooling vs. public schools                The United Nation’s role
    Zero tolerance                                   Egypt
    Mixed ability classes vs. tracking               North Korea
    Sex education                                    China
    Special education/learning disabilities          Iran
    Advanced placement classes                       Israeli/Palestinian conflict
    Homework                                     Gender
    School safety                                    Plastic surgery for women and girls
Elderly Issues                                        Body image
    Ageism                                           Muslim women
    Employment/financial issues                      Burqas (or burkas) and headscarves
    Healthcare                                       Women in politics
    Medicare and Social Security                     Affirmative action
    Long-term care                                   Glass ceiling
    Alzheimer’s disease: treatments,                 Domestic violence
      cures, diagnoses                            Homosexual Issues
Environment                                           marriage
    Pollution (air, water, land, light, noise)       adoption
    Historic changes in weather                      clergy
                                                                                     9
    Boy Scouts                                  Politics
    Military                                    Education
    Politics                                    Affirmative action
    Violence                                    Health problems/lifespan
Media                                        Religion
    Television                                  Religious freedom
    Reality television                          Atheism
    Internet                                    Separation of church and state
    Music                                       Creationism vs. Evolution
    Video games                                 Fundamentalism
    Literature                              Sexual Reproduction
    Sex in advertising                          Birth control
    Rights of the tabloids                      Surrogate mothers
    Violence in the media                       Adoption
    Effects on women or children                Rights of biological parents
    Ticket resale                               Rights of adoptive parents
Medicine and Health                              Interracial adoption
    Autism (causes, diagnoses, treatment)       Teen pregnancy
    Health care reform                          Population control
    Genetic engineering                         Abortion
    Infertility drugs/designer babies          Sports
    Mental illness                              Athletics and academics
    Breast cancer                               College athletics
    Cancer treatments                           Professional athletes as role models
    Cryogenics                                  Competitive gymnastics
    Alternative medicine                        Discrimination by race or gender
    AIDS                                        Salary caps
    Patient bill of rights                      What’s ruining professional sports
    Cloning                                     Leaving college early for the pros
Military                                         Violence in sports
    Women in combat                             Drug use
    Agent orange                                Problems and support for aging NFL
    Gulf War syndrome                             players
    Other veterans’ issues (pay, housing,   Transportation
       insurance, PTSD)                          Airport full-body scans/heightened
Politics                                           security measures
    A lack of civility in discourse             DWI
    Increasing polarity and lack of             Cell phone use/texting
       bipartisanship                            Alternative fuel cars
    The Tea Party                               High-speed rail
    Campaign finance reform                     Government subsidies
    Electoral college                       The Unexplained
Race                                             Cults
    The “N-word” (in life and in                UFO’s
       literature)                               Witches/WICCA
    Interracial marriage/adoption               ESP
10
                                                                                              11
Name________________________________
Mrs. Sutton
English 10 block_____
Date_______________


                    The Planning Stage Part 1: What’s out there?
After we look at plenty of options for research paper topics, your first writing assignment for
the research project will be called “The Planning Stage,” and you must answer the questions
that I pose below. You may do this in paragraph form, or you may even generate bulleted lists
for some of the items.


   1. What are some topics that you are considering? List them in the order that you discover
       them (5-7 topics would be a good place to start).
          a.
          b.
          c.
          d.
          e.
          f.
          g.


   2. Now list them in the order that they interest you (“a” being the topic that interests you
       the most).
          a.
          b.
          c.
          d.
          e.
          f.
          g.
                                                                                              12
   3. Choose at least two of the topics and tell me what sparked your interest in them.
      Topic one:____________________________________
      This topic interests me because:___________________________________________
      ______________________________________________________________________
      ______________________________________________________________________


      Topic two:___________________________________
      This topic interests me because:___________________________________________
      ______________________________________________________________________
      ______________________________________________________________________




   4. Choose the topic that you know the most about and tell me what you already know
      about it (and how you know it):




                   The Planning Stage Part 2: Choose a topic
The next step will be to choose one topic, and, once you choose that topic, figure out what
the controversy or debate is that surrounds your topic of choice.


   1. My topic is________________________________________
   2. This topic is debatable because:____________________________________________
      _______________________________________________________________________
      _______________________________________________________________________
      _______________________________________________________________________
      _______________________________________________________________________
      _______________________________________________________________________
      _______________________________________________________________________
                                                                                               13

          The Planning Stage Part 3: The Preliminary Bibliography
Once you choose a topic, you need to see if there is enough information on it.
   1. Look for articles on your topic, starting with the library databases.
   2. Read the articles, and if they are good, (a) save them to your documents (along with
      their web addresses) and (b)create a bibliography entry for each one. The preliminary
      bibliography is a list of articles that you find on your topic. You must have a total of ten
      articles on your preliminary bibliography, seven of which must come from library
      databases. If you can’t find ten good articles on your topic, ask for help or choose a
      different topic. You need to write them up in proper MLA format and alphabetize
      them. See below for a sample:
                                     Preliminary Bibliography

      “Does smoking help weight loss?” Good Facts: Smoking and Weight Loss 2000-2007: 1.

             December 21, 2007 <http://www.annecollins.com/weight-loss-support/smoking-lose-

             witht.htm>.

      Help to Quit Smoking. 19 December 2007

             <http://helptoquitsmoking.net/How_Much_Money_Do_You_Save_html>.

      “Nicotine Addiction 101.” Why Quit? June 6 2005. Google.com 20 December 2007

             <http://whyquit.com>.

      “Secondhand smoke #1” National Cancer Institute 19 December 2007

             <http://www.cancer.gov>.



   Notice that each entry begins at the margin and then indent on the next line. Notice also
   that the entries are not numbered but they are in alphabetical order.


   3. As you continue your research, be sure to save (or at least bookmark) every new article
      you find and do a bibliography entry on it. You may only use information in your
      paper from articles that you can document.
                                                                                                14

         The Planning Stage Part 4: The Tentative Thesis Statement
Once you have chosen a topic and done some reading about it, you need to choose a side to
argue. This can be difficult, and students sometimes change sides as they go through this
process. That is absolutely fine (and shows that you are learning and growing!). The tentative
thesis statement is just that – tentative. I’m asking you to come up with a topic, choose a side,
and come up with some supports for the side you choose. Obviously once you do some
research, you may switch sides, tweak the topic, and/or add or subtract some supports. You
just need a place to start. You need to have a concession, your point of view, and at least two
supports for your side for this to be approved.
    Write your thesis statement on the check sheet provided at the end of this packet.


                                 The Research Process

   1. For your note slides, you’ll use PowerPoint to organize the research information that
       you find. Read your articles and then revise your thesis. Then, create your slides. The
       first slide will have an MLA heading on it. The second slide will have your new and
       improved thesis in bullet format (see below):



                        Note Slide #2

                                       Intro

                                       Background if necessary

                                       Concession

                                       Arg. 1 (key words)

                                       Arg 2 (key words)

                                       Additional arguments
                                                                                          15
Additional slides should each have a heading in which you indicate the article the
information is coming from and where the info will go in the paper.

                     Emerson, John. “Pigs in Space.”          Arg 2

                     Copy and paste good information from the article that
                     will support this argument. Do not mix info. from
                     different articles or for different arguments on
                     one card.



You need to create cards for the concession and for each one of your arguments. You
may also want to create one for your introduction.
2. For your outline, use the linear format below or a graphic organizer like the web
      outline. You may want to include web addresses or article titles or noteslide numbers
      under each section so that you’ll remember where your research will come from for
      each argument.

                   Sample Linear Outline for Research Paper

I.       Introduction
         A. Hook (a personal story, famous quote, research)
         B. Complete Thesis Statement – copy and paste from your noteslides. Change
            if necessary. (Include the other side’s point of view, the thing you want to
            prove, and three supports):

            ________________________________________________________
            ______________________________________

II.      Concession (This is the other side’s point of view.)

      Topic Sentence: (Include transition words or phrases to make it clear
                      that this is not your point of view. Ex: “Of course,
                      there are those who will argue that nuclear power is
                      necessary.”)

      topic sentence _________________________________________
      ____________________________________________________

      A. reason one
         __________________________________________________
                                                                                         16

              Slide # (look at your noteslides and see which one would support this
               reason)
      B. reason two
         __________________________________________________
             Slide #
      C. reason three (create a letter and reason for each reason you have)
         __________________________________________________
             Slide #

   III.   Argument #1 (This is the first argument for your side. Take a moment to
          decide which of your arguments should go first. Should you go from weakest
          argument to strongest? Least interesting to most interesting? Least
          acceptable to most acceptable? Chronologically?)
*Topic Sentences: (This paragraph is unusual in that it will need two topic sentences.
The first will help you to shift from the other side’s arguments in the concession to
your side.)
Topic Sentence #1 (Begin this sentence with the word “However” followed by the thing
that you are trying to prove. Ex: “However, nuclear power is not a good option.”)
      Topic Sentence #1:_____________________________________
      ____________________________________________________

Topic Sentence #2 (This will be the first argument as it is listed in your complete
thesis statement. Be sure to use transitional words or phrases like “First” or “One
reason” to begin the sentence. Ex: “First, nuclear power creates dangerous nuclear
waste.”)
      Topic Sentence #2:_____________________________________
      ____________________________________________________

       A. reason one
          __________________________________________________
             
       B. reason two
          __________________________________________________
             
       C. reason three
          __________________________________________________
             
   IV.    Argument 2
       Topic Sentence: (use transition)____________________________
       ____________________________________________________
                                                                                                17

   A. reason one
      __________________________________________________
         
   B. reason two
      __________________________________________________
         
   C. reason three
      __________________________________________________
         
V.    Argument 3
   Topic Sentence: (use transition)____________________________
   ____________________________________________________

  A. reason one
__________________________________________________
     
  B. reason two
__________________________________________________
     
  C. reason three
__________________________________________________
     

VI.      Conclusion
         A. Repeat complete thesis statement but in different words (Do not use the
            same sentence that you used in the intro.)
         B. Connect back to your hook or look to the future or explain why the reader
            should care or be concerned.



3. The first draft must be typed and must include a works cited page (a works cited
      page looks just like the bibliography, but it includes only those articles that you actually
      used in the paper). This is for your protection. If you mess up on the works cited page,
      it can result in an automatic failure for plagiarism, so you definitely want me to check it
      when I read your first draft.
4. The final draft must be turned in on time. No late papers will be accepted. You must
      turn it in with all of the preliminary work and the sign off sheet, complete with my
      signatures. No sheet, no grade.
                                                                                               18
   5. Visuals: visuals can be very persuasive. As you do your research, copy, paste, and
       document the source of any visuals (charts, graphs, cartoons, sketches, photos, etc.)
       that could strengthen your paper. Do not count the visual as part of your page length.


Reminders for Documenting Your Sources – MLA Format
1. Bibliography – a bibliography is a list of sources that you looked at but did not necessarily
   use in your paper. It is not a requirement for the final draft of the paper, but you may include
   one at the end of the paper if you wish.

2. Works Cited page – “works cited” means a list of the articles that you actually paraphrased
   or quoted from in your paper. Most students know that when they use another person’s exact
   words, they must give that person credit. What many students fail to realize is that credit must
   be given even when another person’s ideas are used (even if the words are changed). A
   failure to document a source of information is called plagiarism, and it will result in an
   automatic failure of the paper.

3. Plagiarism – the following is an example from the MLA Handbook:

       Suppose you read the following passage in a book:

              Some of Dickinson’s most powerful poems express her firmly held conviction that
              life cannot be fully comprehended without an understanding of death.

       If you write the following sentence without any documentation, you commit
       plagiarism:

              Emily Dickinson strongly believed that we cannot understand life fully unless we
              also comprehend death.

But you may use the information if you cite your source. You have a few options:

   a. Copy the quote word for word and put the whole thing in quotation marks, and then give
      the author’s last name and the page number of the quote in parentheses. This is called
      parenthetical documentation, and the period goes after the citation.

              Ex: “Some of Dickinson’s most powerful poems express her firmly held conviction
                   that life cannot be fully comprehended without an understanding of death”
                   (Martin 625).

   b. Paraphrase the information:

              Ex: Emily Dickinson strongly believed that we cannot understand life fully unless
                  we also comprehend death (Martin 625).

   c. Make reference to the author in your paper:
                                                                                              19
               Ex: As Wendy Martin has suggested, Emily Dickinson strongly believed that we
                   cannot understand life fully unless we also comprehend death (625).

The name and page number in these citations refer to a corresponding entry on your works cited
page, which appears at the end of the paper. It will look something like this:

Martin, Wendy. “Emily Dickinson.” Columbia Literary History. Emory Elliot, Gen. Ed. New

       York: Columbia UP, 1988: 609-626.


Notice that the first line of the works cited entry begins at the margin and the rest are indented.
This highlights the word that goes in the parenthetical citation. Notice also that entries on the
works cited page are not numbered. Instead, they are listed alphabetically by the first word in the
entry. If the article you are using has no author, begin the entry with the title, and put the first
word of the title in your parenthetical citation.

For example:

“Decade of the Spy.” Newsweek 7 March 1994: 26-27. Citation: (“Decade” 26).

*Be aware that different sources have different formats for the works cited page. Most on-line
sources through the library databases will actually provide you with a works cited entry. See me
for details.

Please note: a research paper does not require a title page. Instead, begin one inch from
the top of the first page and flush with the right margin, and type the heading below
(double space):

                                                                                         Smith 1

Laura Smith

Mrs. Sutton

English 10

8 November, 2001

                                   Your title (not underlined)



Your works cited page should start off in the following way:

                                                                                         Smith 6
                                      Works Cited
                                                                                              20
Brindl, Reginald. Great Generals of the World … (continue the first entry )


(Do not number the entries. Simply list them alphabetically by the first word.)




                             Research the Multigenre Way
In addition to writing a paper that I will read, you will also choose two ways to convey to
your peers what you learned and share it on a Wikispace or through Moodle.


   1. Take a look at http://www.users.muohio.edu/romanots/pdf/wizardofoz.pdf


   2. Taking a multigenre approach to your research paper could increase your
      understanding of your topic and all of the issues involved. Some options could include
      the following:
             Original poetry
             A short video or animation piece (i.e. Animoto.com)
             A letter
             A pamphlet/brochure
             Original artwork
             A public service announcement for radio or television
             A commercial
             A written monologue or dialogue
             Slideshare or PowerPoint http://issuesinafrica2010.wikispaces.com/Aly+C.+7
             Fictional interview or “Flash fiction”
              https://docs.google.com/document/pub?id=1aOoz37WP2HM7aG56GAu5-
              km8INSG1pNeZjgXgYWJOGE,
              https://docs.google.com/document/pub?id=1x9ZyOxBJfVyCb6-
              laeivby6JYLZMvPjr8j6Ni4VzwVE
                                                                                              21
             Eulogy https://docs.google.com/document/pub?id=1EFQWzY0H5-
              mzHWZXuBRkb61N_4hqRKWTHa6PuJmpbAI
             Facebook creations http://issuesinafrica2010.wikispaces.com/Alexandra+C.+4
             Graphic storybook/comic book
              http://issuesinafrica2010.wikispaces.com/Alex+K.+7
             “A Recipe” (see sample)
              https://docs.google.com/document/pub?id=1YbvhNvEyAOtXcPw5nvFUL1lUtor
              BWGZEavU77baT6Ck, http://issuesinafrica2010.wikispaces.com/Aly+C.+7
             A Glogster poster (collage, wanted poster, lost and found…)
              http://issuesinafrica2010.wikispaces.com/Spencer+L.+7,
              http://issuesinafrica2010.wikispaces.com/Austin+D.+4,
              http://issuesinafrica2010.wikispaces.com/Amber+R.+7
             Time capsule http://issuesinafrica2010.wikispaces.com/Aly+C.+7


For more samples go to: http://issuesinafrica2010.wikispaces.com/

    3. Choose two ideas from the list above that would best fit your topic, your interests,
       your talents, and your available time.

    4. Create a Wikispace page using the template below:


Your Name
Mrs. Sutton
English 10 block___
Date


Multigenre Project 1
   Embedded project

   Narrative explaining the purpose of the project (see template)




Multigenre Project 2
   Embedded project
                                                                                                        22
   Narrative explaining the purpose of the project (see template)




                              Project Narrative Template:
Consider using several of the questions below to create a narrative for each of your multigenre
projects:

       I chose ____________________ genre because____________________
       This genre allowed me to ____________________________________
       This genre worked for me because_____________________________
       By using this genre, I learned__________________________________
       Through this project I hoped to show__________________________

Samples:

    1. I chose to make a character recipe so that I could display all of the characteristics of John Dau.
        This genre allowed me to give specific desirable details about John. Also, this genre gave me the
        opportunity to show the conditions of John’s childhood. I gained a lot of respect for John by
        doing this recipe because he has turned out to be a wonderful person with regards to his
        troublesome past. Through this recipe, I hope that people will understand the bravery that John
        possesses. I hope that many people will be able to relate to this recipe and apply it to their own
        life. I want to convey the image of a reformed man through the recipe. I wish to motivate
        people to have respect for their life, and let John be a great role model for them.

    2. I chose to write a free verse poem from the perspective of a lost boy so that I could
       convey the unreal feeling of pain and abandonment they felt during the civil war. A
       free verse poem allowed me to use descriptive phrases and words. While writing this
       poem, I found myself overcome with feeling and passion for the lost boys’ situation.
       This genre was an excellent way for me to pour all of my feeling out into one form.
       Through this poem, I hope to gain the reader’s respect for the lost boys. I want to show
       people the amount of misery the lost boys faced. They were forced to walk hundreds
       of miles to try and stay alive. They were in constant fear of attack and never knew
       when they would see their last sunrise. I hope to convey the feelings of a real lost boy
       through this poem.

    3. I chose to make a Glogster because I feel like it is the best way to compile all of the
       resolutions to the civil war in Sudan and the non-profit organizations that provide aid
       to the country. A Glogster allowed me to add information and pictures all together.
                                                                                            23
       This genre was a great way to express my strong feeling towards the issues in Sudan
       visually. For example, I chose to place a picture of Sudanese children along with the
       HELPSudan organization. The children have a look of misery and loneliness in their
       eyes, which is what HELPSudan is aiming to cure.Through this genre, I wish to display
       the endless options of organizations that anyone can get involved in to help Sudan
       resolve its problems. I want to show everyone how big of an impact can be made
       through a few of the many programs. I wish to motivate people to gain an awareness
       of the serious issues occurring in Sudan every day. By making one small gesture, anyone
       can save the life of someone suffering in Sudan.


                   Research Paper Preliminary Deadlines
Thesis statement:
       _______________________________________________________________________
       _______________________________________________________________________


Preliminary Deadlines:

       Due Dates                                       Mrs. Sutton’s Signature

______ -- “The Planning Stage” assignment              ____________________


______ -- topic                                        ____________________


______ -- preliminary bibliography (10 entries)        ____________________


______ -- tentative thesis statement                   ____________________


______ -- note slides with revised thesis (27 total)   ____________________


______ -- outline                                      ____________________


______ -- first draft (must include works cited page) ____________________


______ -- final draft, typed (5-8 sources and pages)   ____________________
                                                                                        24
______ -- preface* for the paper (see below)         ____________________


______-- two multigenre projects                     ____________________



*Preface: Add a page to the top your paper that begins “Dear Reader” and talk about
why you settled on the topic you did, how the research and writing process went (what
worked for you, what didn’t), what you learned, if you changed your mind about
anything, and anything else you’d like to include.

				
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