6-1-Jamaica-Watson by shitingting

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									   III Latin American and
Caribbean Energy Efficiency
           Seminar

     Panama City, Panama
       July 7 & 8, 2010


       Conroy Watson
Ministry of Energy and Mining
         Jamaica, W.I.
                       Outline
•   Global Oil Market
•   Energy and the Economy
•   Electricity Sector Profile
•   National Development Plan
•   National Energy Policy 2009 - 2030
•   Energy Efficiency Policy and Strategy
•   Energy Efficient Technologies for Cooling
•   Renewable Energy Contribution
•   Non-Renewable Energy
•   Support Mechanisms
•   Concluding Remarks
July 2010          Ministry of Energy and Mining   2
                   Global Oil Market

• Emerging markets (China, India)
• Reserves
   – Rate of new discoveries
• Volatility of oil prices
   –   Market speculation
   –   Geopolitical developments
   –   Changes in production strategies
   –   Uncertainty in supplies


• Crude and product prices
   – Crude prices could exceed US$100/bbl
  July 2010            Ministry of Energy and Mining   3
                Energy and the Economy
• Petroleum imports
   – Volume fairly stable (22.1 Mbbls in 2009)
   – Value vulnerable to international market changes
     (US$1.35bn in 2009)
   – 24% of GDP (2009)

• High Concentration (96%)                                    Shipping – 10%

   – Transport: 38%
   – Bauxite/alumina: 35%
   – Electricity generation: 23%
   – Per capita consumption: 7.6 boe
            • Excluding the bauxite sector: 5.0 boe
July 2010                     Ministry of Energy and Mining                    4
            Dependence on Imported Oil



                           Renewables                   Other
                              8%                         1%

            Mexico
            Venezuela
            Ecuador                        Petroleum
            Trinidad*                        91%




July 2010               Ministry of Energy and Mining           5
              Electricity Sector Profile:
               Installed Generating Capacity

                                 Approx. Generating
            Entity                   Capacity
                                 MW             %
JPS                                   621           61.0
IPPs                                  205           20.1
Bauxite                               150           14.7
Sugar Co                               23            2.3
Other Industries                       18            1.9
Total                               1 018         100.0
July 2010             Ministry of Energy and Mining        6
             Electricity Sector Profile:
              Efficiency of Electrical Plants

                                          Efficiency
             Entity                               % of
                                   BTU/kWh
                                              Energy Input
Oil-fired Steam                      12 723             26.8
Combined cycle                              8 390       40.7
Gas turbines                             13 972         24.4
JPS low-speed diesel                      9 122         37.4
JPPC low Speed diesel                       7 937       43.0
JEP medium-speed diesel                     8 135       41.9

 July 2010            Ministry of Energy and Mining       7
                                       NATIONAL
                                     DEVELOPMENT
                                         PLAN




July 2010   Ministry of Energy and Mining     8
            Jamaica’s Vision
“Jamaica, the place of choice to live,
    work, raise families, and do
              business”

• “Developed Country Status” by
    2030

• Long-term strategies for all sectors

            http://www.vision2030.gov.jm/


July 2010              Ministry of Energy and Mining   9
                                            ENERGY
                                            SECTOR
                                            POLICIES



July 2010   Ministry of Energy and Mining              10
        National Energy Policy 2009 - 2030
• Policy goals
     – Modernize the energy infrastructure;
     – Aggressively pursue energy conservation and
       efficiency measures;
     – Harnessing of renewable energy resources;
     – Security of energy supplies;
     – Establishment of institutional framework;
     – Private sector involvement in creating “Green
       Economy”
     – GOJ lead in implementation of policies;


July 2010            Ministry of Energy and Mining     11
    Energy Efficiency Policy and Strategy

• The ECEP speaks to:

     – Development of institutional frameworks

     – Application to the public and private sectors

     – Building codes and standards

     – Potential impact on the environment

July 2010           Ministry of Energy and Mining      12
             Energy Efficiency Policy and Strategy cont’d

Residential                                     Transportation
• Public education                              • Promotion of car pooling
  programmes                                      where applicable
    – Turning off lights when not in
      use
                                                • Public education
    – Water saving measures
                                                  programmes
                                                      – Driving to achieve maximum
• Compact fluorescent bulbs                             fuel efficiency
• Use of solar water heaters                    • Rehabilitation of the railway
                                                  system
                                                • Introduction of bio-fuels




 July 2010                   Ministry of Energy and Mining                      13
                Energy Efficiency Policy and Strategy cont’d
    Industry
• Cogeneration systems
• Efficient electric motors
  and variable speed drives
• Power factor correction
• Efficient industrial lamps
• Steam system efficiency
                                              Public Sector
    Tourism Sector                           • Efficiency measures in
                                               hospitals and schools
•     Lighting
                                             • NWC (approx. 50% of the
•     A/C                                      public sector consumption)
•     Steam system
•     Solar water heating                     Energy Audits and Loan
                                                Facilities Available
•     Motion censors
    July 2010                 Ministry of Energy and Mining                 14
            Energy Efficient Technologies
                    For Cooling

                                                       Chillers




 Insulated Inlet and
 Outlet Pipes



July 2010              Ministry of Energy and Mining              15
Energy Efficient Technologies cont’d

• Water

     – Install aerators in bathrooms
       faucets

     – Install low-flow toilets and urinals

     – Use of touch-less controls



July 2010            Ministry of Energy and Mining   16
               Investment Prospects




                                                     Bio-fuels

Electricity
Generation
and
Distribution    Hydro Power
                Stations
   July 2010         Ministry of Energy and Mining         17
            Renewable Energy Contribution

• Targets
    – 11% of total energy by 2012
    – 12.5% by 2015
    – 20% by 2030

• Ethanol
    – E10-87 (Nov. 2008)
    – E10-90 (Nov. 2009)
    – Prospects for higher blends
    – Export potential – CBI
July 2010           Ministry of Energy and Mining   18
 Renewable Energy Contribution cont’d

• Bio-diesel project approach
   – PCJ projects 4M gal for local distribution (2012)
   – Requires 12,000 acres (sub-par or marginal lands)
• Production phases
   – 1st phase (2008/2009)
         • Small scale 5 ton a day plant (500 gallons per day)
         • Nut Sheller will be procured
   – 2nd phase (2009/2010)
         • Expanded by procuring 50 ton a day plant (5,000 gallons per day)
         • Grain storage silos and testing capabilities.
   – 3rd phase (2010/2011)
         • Building large scale 4 million gallon per year plant
         • Requisite tank storage, lab testing and quality control capabilities
         • bi-products such as fertilizer meal and pharmaceuticals recovered
           for resale
 July 2010                     Ministry of Energy and Mining                      19
Non-Renewable Energy cont’d

• LNG Project
   – Approximately 90% of the existing base-load
     switched to LNG
   – JPS estimates electricity bills savings of 25-
     30%
   – Improved generation efficiency
   – Diversifying the fuel sources before the next
     JPS rate adjustment in 2014
   – Capital cost approx. US$400M
   – Offshore and pipeline facilities
   – 2012 projected implementation
July 2010            Ministry of Energy and Mining    20
                     Support Mechanisms
• Legislative & Regulatory Framework
   – Acts, Codes, Standards & Labeling
         •    National Building Code
         •    National Health and Safety Code (draft HSE)
         •    Equipment & Appliance Labeling
         •    Use of Smart Meters (JPSCo)
         •    Petroleum Quality Control Act
         •    The Natural Resources Conservation Authority Act


• Institutional Framework
   – Petroleum Corporation of Jamaica www.pcj.com
   – Office of Utilities Regulation (OUR) www.our.org.jm
   – Bureau of Standards (BSJ) www.bsj.org.jm
   – National Environment and Planning agency (NEPA)
     www.nepa.gov.jm
  July 2010                    Ministry of Energy and Mining     21
                        Support Mechanisms
                                Financial incentive

• Development Bank of Jamaica (DBJ)
   – US$500M Revolving Loan Energy (US$15M per project)
            • Interest rate 12.5% fixed for life of project
            • 7 years life span / 12 months moratorium
   – Eligible Enterprise
            • Commercial & Industrial Users
            • Energy Services Co. (ESCOs)
            • Equipment Manufacturers


• Commercial Bank Financing

• National Housing Trust (NHT)
   – Home owners’ loans
            • Solar water heaters
            • Photovoltaic systems

July 2010                         Ministry of Energy and Mining   22
                     Concluding Remarks
• Vision 2030 providing direction
• Energy Policies providing support
• Incentives
     – efficient end-use devices
     – renewable energy
• Financial Mechanism
     –   Building Societies
     –   NHT
     –   Commercial Banks
     –   Financial institutions
• Infrastructure modernization
            – Promote investment
            – Foster growth and development
• Energy conservation and efficiency a national
  imperative

July 2010                    Ministry of Energy and Mining   23
                 Thank You… The End

Contact Info:
The Ministry of Energy and Mining
36 Trafalgar Road, Kingston 5
Jamaica, W.I.

cwatson@mem.gov.jm

Tel:        (876) 929-8990-9
Fax:        (876) 968-2082

July 2010                Ministry of Energy and Mining   24

								
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