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					                Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
                Q1a. Which of the following statements best describes the overall tuition philosophy or approach for public colleges
                and universities in your state? (Check all that apply):
                Tuition should Tuition should Tuition should Tuition policy is guided Philosophy No statewide              Other
                 be as low as     be moderate        be high         by institutional-level differs by     tuition
                   possible                                             philosophy or         sector     philosophy
                                                                       budgetary needs                     exists


Alabama                                                                                                       1
Alaska                                                                      1
Arizona               1
Arkansas                                                                    1
California                                                                                                                   1




Colorado              1
Connecticut                            1                                    1
Delaware                                                                                                      1
Florida                                1
Georgia                                                                                                                      1
Hawaii                                                                      1
Idaho                 1                                                     1
Illinois                                                                    1                  1                             1




Indiana                                                                     1                                                1



Iowa                                   1
Kansas                                                                      1
Kentucky
Louisiana                              1
Maine                 1
Maryland                                                                    1
Massachusetts         1
Michigan                                                                    1                                 1
Minnesota                                               1                   1                  1                             1
                 Tuition should Tuition should   Tuition should Tuition policy is guided Philosophy    No statewide   Other
                  be as low as   be moderate        be high      by institutional-level   differs by      tuition
                    possible                                         philosophy or         sector       philosophy
                                                                   budgetary needs                        exists


Mississippi                                                                1
Missouri                                                                   1
Montana                1
Nebraska                                                                                                                1



Nevada                                1
New Hampshire          1                                                   1
New Jersey                                                                                                  1
New Mexico                            1                                    1                  1             1
New York               1
North Carolina         1
North Dakota                                                                                                1
Ohio                                                                                                        1
Oklahoma                                                                   1
Oregon                                1                                    1
Pennsylvania           1                               1                   1                  1             1
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island           1                                                   1
South Carolina
South Dakota           1
Tennessee              1                                                                      1
Texas                                                                      1
Utah                                                                                                                    1




Vermont                1
Virginia                                                                                                                1
Washington                                                                                                  1
West Virginia                                                              1



Wisconsin                             1                                    1
Wyoming                1

TOTALS                15              8                2                  22                  5             9           8
                                                                                            Comments




Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California      While California has always advocated for low-to-moderate in-state student charges (what we call "fees"), we tend to dramatically raise these charges to
                generate additional funds during economic recessions. We try to provide higher levels of financial aid to help maintain access for poorer tudents but its
                effeciveness in doing so is suspect. In addition, California has been able to keep fees very low for our community colleges' system (CCCs), but fees for
                our two university systems (University of California - UC; California State University - CSU) have risen greatly, both in percentage and dollar terms, since
                the beginning of our recession in 2001. Resident student fees in California public higher education for the upcoming 2005-06 academic year are
                anticiapted to generate more than $2.5 billion, a far cry from the less than $150 million these fees generated as recently as 1980-81, just prior to the early
                1980s economic recession. Thus, the "philosophy" in play in the State in fee setting is differential by educational system and economic circumstance, is,
                at times, rather schezophrenic, and does not lend itself to any easy labels.

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware        Tuition should be as low as possible for state residents.
Florida
Georgia         Influenced by the state's funding formula but can vary from year to year.
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois        In a word, "predictability" best describes the overall tuition philosophy in Illinois. In 2003, the Illinois General Assembly passed legislation requiring public
                universities to set a rate for each incoming class of students that does not change for four years. The new policy did not otherwise address each
                institutional governing board's authority to set tuition rates. As was noted in the 2002 response, the state historically has placed priority on need-based
                student aid to ensure access and choice to students.

Indiana         All policy makers wish to see tuition set at a level which does not cause an undue burden on Indiana families. In that regard, the state continues to make
                an effort to keep tuition low at all institutions, but especially at the community college and other access oriented institutions. Policy makers are concerned
                about relatively large increases in tuition, especially between 2002 and 2003.

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota       Tuition should support no more than 1/3 of instructional costs
                                                                                           Comments




Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska         The state (through the Coordinating Commission) sets tuition guidelines for all public institutions. The Statutes specifically state that non-resident tuition
                 should be more than resident tuition. However, tuition increases and levels are set by the institutions/ Governing Boards depending on budgetary needs


Nevada
New Hampshire    Tuition should be low (2-year response)
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah             The philosophy in Utah has historically been low tuition/low-aid: however, recent increases in tuition rates without corresponding increases in financial aid
                 could be seen as threatening this philosophy. As a general rule, Utah's universities and four-year institution have low tuition rates relative to peer
                 institutions in the Western region, but community colleges have relatively high tuition rates when compared to Western peers. Recent increases have
                 been based largely on institutional budgetary needs.

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia    By statute, community and technical college tuition increases are limited to 4.75% and four-year institutions are limited to 9.5%. For the college year 05-
                 06, the Community and Technical College Council did not approve any increases, and the Higher Education Policy Commission approved a range of
                 increases up to the limit in the state code.

Wisconsin
Wyoming

TOTALS
              Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
              Q1b. Describe the rationale for the philosophy stated above (e.g., tuition should be low to maximize access, high tuition is combined with high financial aid,
              institutions best understand their fiscal situation, etc.)

Alabama       NA
Alaska        Tuition and student fees will be established to the extent practicable in accordance with the following objectives: (1) to provide for essential support to the
              university’s instructional programs; (2) to make higher education accessible to Alaskans who have the interest, dedication, and ability to learn; and (3) to
              maintain tuition and student fees at levels which are competitive with similarly situated programs of other western states. Tuition is set to help address the
              fiscal needs of the University of Alaska. While funding from the State has been generous (compared to years past), the costs (health care for example and
              the addition of new programs and services) continue to rise.
Arizona       Language in Arizona's Constitution that "instruction be as nearly free as possible."
Arkansas      The Arkansas Higher Education Coordinating Board (AHECB) establishes tuition and fee policy for funding purposes for the institutions. However, local
              boards have the authority to establish tuition and fee rates for their campus as determined by their budgetary needs.
California    See above
Colorado      Colorado emphasizes low tuition and state-funded financial aid to provide access to all residents, especially low-income, underrepresented populations

Connecticut   The guiding principle for the Board of Governors' tuition policy for Connecticut is balance between student and state share of educational costs. Tuition policy
              should be rational and predictable; should assure access and be applied equitably; should be flexible and consider the cost/benefit to both the student and
              the state.
Delaware      Tuition should be as low as possible for state residents.
Florida       Additional comments: Since 2003 public universities have been given greater flexibility in setting tuition for resident graduate and professional students and
              all levels of out-of-state students. Due to the popularity of the Bright Futures and Florida Pre-paid programs, resident undergraduate tuition increases have
              not increased as dramatically as tuition for other students.
Georgia       Tuition rates are set such that the amount of tuition revenue generates a minimum of 25%, but actual percent of revenue generated maybe as high as 31%.

Hawaii        Please refer to Board of Regents policy Chapter 6, Section 6-1 to 6-3 at the following website: http://www.hawaii.edu/svpa/borp/borpch6.pdf
Idaho         Starting in 2006 and except at the land grant institution, student fees will no longer be designated as either tuition (cost of instruction) or non-instructional
              fees. This will allow each institution to spend approved student fees according to their respective tuition policy and budgetary needs.

Illinois      Tuition increases in recent years have been large and have varied widely among institutions. The "truth-in-tuition" legislation was meant to stabilize the
              increases, helping families with their personal financial planning.
Indiana       The state of Indiana is increasingly becoming concerned about the ability of families to afford a college education and about the loan burden being taken on
              by students. Access, affordability and loan burden are primary concerns.
Iowa          While the law still requires the Board to have a tuition policy, the Board of Regents, in September 2004, adopted a new tuition policy that calls for moderate
              tuition (at the projected rate of HEPI) as one component of a partnership plan to transform higher education. The other two parts include substantial
              increases in state funding and reallocations by the universities. The new tuition policy can be viewed at:
              http://www2.iowaccess.org/regents/Policies/Chapter%208/chapter8.02.htm and the new reallocation policy at:
              http://www2.state.ia.us/regents/Policies/Chapter%207/chapter7.03.htm
Kansas        Tuition for 30 of the public institutions is set by local governing boards; the presumption is that institution philosophy or budgetary need is a driving force.
              Tuition setting by the Kansas Board of Regents (KBOR) for the six state universities has been driven by each university's five-year tuition plan, which
              addresses unique missions and needs. On the basis of those plans, tuition rates and structures are different at each university.

Kentucky      The institutions set tuition rates consistent with guidelines approved by the Kentucky Council on Postsecondary Education. It has been the council’s policy
              that tuition should be set at a reasonable rate to provide access to postsecondary education. The institutions recommend tuition rates to the Kentucky
              Council on Postsecondary Education. The Council then takes formal action on the institutional recommendations.
Louisiana        The Board of Regents has proposed new policy on tuition and fees that retains the long-held philosophy of Louisiana that tuition should be maintained
                 relatively low - but also recognizes that "reasonable" tuition rates are necessary to provide adequate levels of financial support to higher education
                 institutions. Overall our philosophy could be characterized as shifting to "moderate" rates of tuition. Our legislature has not adopted that philosophy as yet.

Maine            Access is top priority for the state
Maryland         Institutions strive to provide a balance between public higher education that is accessible and provides high quality education.
Massachusetts    Tuition should be low to maximize access. It is important to note that the BHE sets tuition rates but the individual campus Board of Trustees set fees, and
                 fees make up over half of the total student charges. Also, campuses submit to the Commonwealth all revenue associated with state-supported tuition.
                 Campuses keep the tuition revenue associated with DCE courses. Therefore, the BHE's tuition policy really only covers half of a student's costs.

Michigan         Michigan's public universities are market-driven and constitutionally autonomous. Tuition is determined by the governing boards of each institution, using
                 variables such as market demand, state support, enrollment, student services and programmatic quality.
Minnesota        The state gives authority for tuition setting to the governing boards of the systems. Minnesota higher education funding (tuition and grants) has been guided
                 by a philosophy of "shared responsibility", where the student, the student's family and the state, share in the cost of higher education. As a result, tuition and
                 need based state grants are relatively high compared to other states. Within this context, the systems and institutions are guided more by sector or
                 institutional philosophy than by statute.
Mississippi      State fiscal restraints have required tuition increases to maintain institutional quality.
Missouri         Costs vary by institutional type, degree level, mission and role within the state system of higher education. High cost institutions, such as selective
                 admissions, residential doctoral degree granting research institutions, should have higher tuition than open enrollment commuter campus public community
                 colleges.
Montana          Tuition rate increases need to be balanced so that "quality" is maintained at our institutions, but to not harm access to Montana residents.
Nebraska         For many years, the State assumed tuition and fees were low in comparison to other public institutions in other states. The first Commission guidelines also
                 stated that tuition levels should be low. However as state funding decreased, the institutions raised tuition and the State's philosophy change to expecting
                 moderate tuition levels. The Commission also changed its guidelines to suggest that tuition should be moderate.

Nevada           In Nevada, tuition is charged to out of state students and fees are assessed to both out of and in state students. The philosophy in Nevada is generally to
                 keep tuition/fees low to moderate until there are sufficient financial aid resources avalable so that no student is disadvantaged. Nevada, this year, changed
                 its tuition fee policy from using the HEPI index to gradually moving toward the WICHE median over the next several biennia. This becomes effective for the
                 FY 04 --the HEPI index model is in effect for FY 03. Also, the new policy directs a portion of any future increase to student financial aid keeping it out of the
                 state supported budget. Changes in tuition formulas beginning in 2003 due to 1) The Higher Education Price Index data no longer being available, 2) The
                 "cost of education" is difficult to define consistently and rationally, 3) The current formulas for calculating differential tuition rates have no internal consistency,
                 and 4) Under existing formulas, university fees are falling considerably behind the average of western states.

New Hampshire    Tuition rates are set in the context of the revenues and expenditures that have been identified for USNH, but in general the USNH has been a "high tuition,
                 high aid" system for decades. 2 year institutions believe tuition should be low to promote access
New Jersey       Public colleges under state statute are autonomous and govern themselves.
New Mexico       Students should be assured that any increase in tuition and required fees are balanced by appropriate increases in need-based financial aid.
New York         The State's overall goal is to ensure access for all its residents to higher education through a combination of reasonable tuition and the largest need-based
                 tuition assistance program in the nation.
North Carolina   The leadership in North Carolina has always supported low tuition as a means of providing access to the University. In recent history, however, tuition
                 increases have been needed to provide funds to maintain the quality of education in an environment where increases in State funds have been limited. Both
                 the State of North Carolina and each campus has provided increased funding for financial aid as tuition rates have increased.

North Dakota     No formal statewide tuition policy exists. However, factors we regularly consider are: 1.) Campus uniqueness--each campus faces different pressures in
                 pricing (location, competitive pressures, program mix, etc).; 2.) tuition rates, are in part, driven by state budget; 3) student affordability
Ohio             Ohio's system of higher education is greatly decentralized, and the Board of Regents believes that institutions can best understand their needs and finances.
                 In Ohio, each public institution is governed by its own Board of trustees, which has the authority to make decisions about resource generation and resource
                 allocation. However, the Ohio General Assembly has limited tuition increases on public campuses through fee caps. See next question for additional detail.

Oklahoma         Institutions and the State Regents must demonstrate fulfillment of their responsibility to set tuition rates that, in conjunction with available financial aid
                 resources, will not compromise access.
Oregon           Tuition should be moderate and affordable in order to meet the Board of Higher Education's goal of access.
Pennsylvania     In addition to the 2002 response, it should be noted that external pressure to keep tuition as low as possible is applied to PASSHE (Pennsylvania State
                 System of Higher Education), but not to the other sectors of higher education.
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island     Accessibility is a mission of the Board of Governors.
South Carolina   In South Carolina tuition and fees are set by each institution. The Board of Trustees decides what is best for their institution when setting fees.
South Dakota     The cost to students has always been a Board of Regents and a Legislative concern. The goal is to provide a quality education at the most affordable price.
                 If the state does not fund what is needed to provide a quality education, the cost will be passed onto the student. Access to a post-secondary education due
                 to affordability is a growing concern.
Tennessee        Tuition policy differs by sector, in that THEC is advocating the community college sector rely as much as possible on state appropriations with lower tuition,
                 with universities relying more on tuition.
Texas            Traditionally and now, keeping tuition and fees low enough to raise participation and success levels is subscribed to by many legislators, the Coordinating
                 Board, and some institutional administrators. However, in FY 2004, university boards of regents were given the authority to increase "designated tuition" (DT)
                 to whatever levels were needed to address institutional needs, to balance reductions in general revenue appropriations. As a result, while "statutory" base
                 tuition (ST) is the same per SCH at all universities, DT varies significantly across universities, depending on each institution's market niche. Community
                 colleges have always had deregulated tuition and that tuition has historically been significantly lower than the tuition at the universities. However, because of
                 budgetary issues, tuition is rising significantly at all institutions.

Utah             Tuition has been low historically to maximize access. Utah's larger than average family size oftentimes results in multiple children from a family attending
                 college simultaneously. A low tuition policy has been enacted to compensate for family's limited ability to contribute to the educational costs of multiple
                 children. Recent differential increases have been requested by institutions to address budgetary needs related to graduate instruction or differential missions.

Vermont          As low as possible to maximize access
Virginia         K-12 funding is in the constitution, but higher ed funding is seen as discretionary. The general fund each year is a balancing act between the state and the
                 colleges & universities. Tuition and the general fund are highly correlated, causing cuts to the general fund to cause tuition to increase rapidly. From 1995-
                 1999 tuition was frozen and unable to be raised. In 2000 it was reduced by 20% and frozen again in 2002-03. It (tuition plus mandatory fees) saw an
                 average of a 15% increase in 2003-04. In 2004-05 there was a significant increase in general funds (11%) and tuition only increased 9%. In 2006 the general
                 funds will increase 9% and tuition will increase only 8%. See http://www.schev.edu/- appendix A for the tuition policy. The ability to set tuition and fees has
                 been given back to the board of visitors.
Washington       There is no overriding tuition philosophy per se; rather the debate has been about who sets tuition with the legislature setting the maximum increase in
                 resident undergraduate tuition and the institutions setting nonresident and graduate/professional tuition.
West Virginia    Two year institutions - Continued emphasis on access by maintaining low tuition rates. Four-year institution - tuition increases have been permitted in order
                 to offset state budget cuts.
Wisconsin        Please see http://www.uwsa.edu/bor/rpd/bor pols.pdf for the Board of Regents' Tuition Policy 92-8
Wyoming          Constitution of the State of Wyoming: ". . . instruction furnished as nearly free as possible . . . " However, in practice, tuition policy is set by the University of
                 Wyoming Board of Trustees and the Wyoming Community College Commission to be as low as possible, but guided by budgetary needs, peer/comparator
                 institutions, and personal disposable income.
                Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
                Q1c. Is this tuition philosophy formalized in the state constitution, by legislative statute, by state rule, board rule or policy, or not formalized?
                 Constitution      Statute    State rule     Board         Not                                                       Comments
                                                              rule/     formalized
                                                             policy


Alabama                                                                       1
Alaska                                                          1
Arizona                1
Arkansas                             1
California                                                                    1       The operational aspects of fee policies are effected through Board policy for the UC and CSU --
                                                                                      and State policy for the CCCs, since the Leg. and Gov. have this power for our CCCs. As you
                                                                                      may know, California's higher education Masterplan of 1960 (as effectuated in State law by the
                                                                                      Donahoe Act in the early 1960s) lays out the philosophic groundwork for providing for an
                                                                                      essentially "free" education for the CCC students and keeping fees as low as possible charges
                                                                                      for the UC and CSU. California had a formal resident undergraduate student fee setting policy
                                                                                      from 1986 through 1996 (Chapter 1523, Statutes of 1985, SB 195, Maddy) for UC and CSU. It
                                                                                      called for "graduate, moderate, predictable" fees. It was routinely ignored during economic
                                                                                      recessions and it had a sunsetting provision and ended in 1995. Since then, budgetary policy,
                                                                                      politics and circumstance have driven the setting of fee levels.


Colorado                                                        1                     Governing Boards set tuition within limits established by the Governor and State Legislature

Connecticut                                                     1
Delaware                                                                      1
Florida                                                                       1       In October 2004, the Florida Board of Governors adopted several recommendations regarding
                                                                                      tuition flexibility. These recommendations were submitted to the 2005 Legislature. The
                                                                                      Legislature provided tuition flexibility to the universities for all students except resident
                                                                                      undergraduate students. This flexibility is identified in the 2005-2006 General Appropriations Act
                                                                                      (Senate Bill 2600).
Georgia                                                                       1       See response to 1A
Hawaii                                                          1
Idaho                                                                         1
Illinois                             1
Indiana                              1
Iowa                                                            1
Kansas                                                                        1
Kentucky                                                                      1
Louisiana                                                                             Although a new tuition and fee policy has been adopted by the Board of Regents, the legislature
                                                                                      has not approved implementation of the policy (as required by law).
Maine                                                                         1
Maryland                                                                      1
Massachusetts                                                   1
Michigan               1
Minnesota                                                                     1
                 Constitution   Statute   State rule   Board       Not                                                    Comments
                                                        rule/   formalized
                                                       policy
Mississippi
Missouri                                                            1
Montana                                                  1
Nebraska                                                            1
Nevada                                                   1
New Hampshire                                            1          1        board rule/ policy (2-year)
New Jersey                        1
New Mexico                        1                      1          1        Certain two-year institutions have statutory limits related to level of local property taxes. The 2005
                                                                             legislature passed and the Governor signed the "College Affordability Act" to encourage NM
                                                                             students with financial need to attend in-state post-secondary institutions. The Act created the
                                                                             "College Affordability Endowment Fund" - without an appropriation.

New York                                                            1
North Carolina        1
North Dakota                                                        1
Ohio                                                                1
Oklahoma                                                            1
Oregon                                                   1
Pennsylvania                                                        1
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island                                             1
South Carolina                    1
South Dakota                                             1
Tennessee                                                           1
Texas                                                               1
Utah                                                     1                   other rule/policy
Vermont                                                             1
Virginia                          1
Washington                                                          1
West Virginia                     1
Wisconsin                                                1
Wyoming               1

TOTALS                4           8           0         15         24
                Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities

                Q2a. Have economic conditions over the last three years led to any short-term actions or policies on tuition that are in conflict with general philosophies?
                 No Yes                                                                       Comments
Alabama           1
Alaska            1
Arizona               1 Due to a combination of political environment and economic conditions Arizona's universities have not received adequate general fund support
                          from the legislature. As a result, tuition has increased about 70% since 2002-03 for resident UG students.
Arkansas          1
California            1 The economic recession incentivized California to substantially increase its resident student fees, beginning with the 2001-02 fiscal year.

Colorado                1   State funding to higher education has been reduced nor state funding kept pace with enrollment growth. State general fund has been reduced
                            $91 million from 01-06.
Connecticut       1
Delaware          1
Florida           1
Georgia           1
Hawaii            1
Idaho                   1   Student fee revenue has continued to be used to off-set declining state revenue so student fees have increased 29% from FY03-FY06.

Illinois          1         Note that the truth-in-tuition legislation was passed in 2003 and marks something of a change in general philosophy. Economic conditions
                            certainly contributed to that change; however, as the change was statutory, it is not short term.
Indiana                 1   A struggling economy has resulted in relatively low to decreasing state operating appropriations to institutions, which has contributed to tuition
                            increases.
Iowa              1
Kansas            1
Kentucky          1
Louisiana         1
Maine             1
Maryland          1
Massachusetts     1
Michigan                1   For the state's FY 04-05, the universities agreed to hold tuition increases to rate of inflation in exchange for a small restoration of previous state
                            aid cuts and a pledge to not cut the universities in the current year (an agreement that was later broken by the state)
Minnesota         1
Mississippi             1   Budget constraints produced shift in policy to institutional needs.
Missouri                1   General economic conditions led to FY2003 withholdings of FY 2003 initial appropriations for the operations of the public colleges and
                            universities and core cuts in FY 2003 and FY 2004. Tuition increases and surcharge increases have been unprecedented. Tuition charges at
                            some public community colleges are beginning to approach charges at some public four-year residential institutions.

Montana                 1   From FY 2001 to FY 2005 the state suffered a downturn in it economy. State support from the Legislature was cut, causing significant tuition
                            increases over the last four years. On a statewide basis, approximately 40% of the general operating budget is paid by state appropriations.

Nebraska                1   Significant decreases in state appropriations have led to double digit increases in tuition at the 4-year public institutions. This is in conflict with
                            tuition being moderate.
                 No   Yes                                                                       Comments
Nevada            1
New Hampshire     1
New Jersey        1
New Mexico        1
New York          1
North Carolina         1    State budget reductions at a time of rapid enrollment growth have led institutions to regularly request that the Board of Governors increase
                            tuition.
North Dakota           1    The NDUS's long-term finance plan sets forth state/student share ratios for each campus. However, due to the state's fiscal situation, more of
                            the cost was shifted to the students over the past 3 years as tuition rates increased to provide needed funding that wasn't met by the state. This
                            resulted in double-digit tuition increases.
Ohio                   1    Fee increases are coming under increased legislative and Regents' scrutiny. The legislature has imposed a 6% cap (or $500, whichever is less)
                            on resident undergraduate instructional and mandatory general fees for students enrolled at state colleges and universities for FY 2006 and FY
                            2007
Oklahoma               1    Budget cuts in 2003-2004 led to tuition increases in order to balance budgets
Oregon
Pennsylvania     1
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island     1
South Carolina   1
South Dakota     1
Tennessee              1    Flat state appropriations have necessitated higher than ideal tuition increases.
Texas                  1    A statewide revenue shortfall in 2003 led the Legislature to deregulate designated tuition at the universities beginning in the spring semester of
                            2004.
Utah                   1    Although community college tuitions are generally considered high, they have experienced a 5-9.5% increases this past year due to continued
                            limited state revenues.
Vermont          1
Virginia         1
Washington       1
West Virginia          1    Reductions in state appropriations as well as unfunded expenditure increases contributed to an increase in tuition at four year institutions that
                            averaged approximately 9% for Fall 2002. However, additional funding was provided to community and technical colleges to minimize tuition
                            increases in these programs
Wisconsin              1    $50M budget cut in each year of the 2003-05 biennium was offset by tuition increases (18% and 15% tuition increases in each year for resident
                            undergraduates, respectively, which was not "moderate".
Wyoming          1

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                Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities

                Q2b. Describe any tuition policy changes in your state in the past three fiscal years (not changes in tuition levels).

Alabama
Alaska          Increased the length of time a student must verify physical presence in the state to gain residency for purposes of tuition
Arizona         Established differential resident UG tuition between universities within system, based in part on each universities' mission.
Arkansas        For FY02, a differentiation was made between those two-year institutions that have a local tax and those without a local tax. For institutions with a local tax,
                the assumption was that the communities were contributing and thus the tuition rate should be lower.
California      The realities have driven the policy rationale -- we raise fees quickly and substantially because we need the money, then crank out the analytic rational
                needed to justify that decision (i.e., our fees were too low to begin with, other states are doing it even more, we promise to provide adequate financial aid to
                cover it, whatever).
Colorado
Connecticut     More flexibility to charge differential tuition at the graduate level.
Delaware        None
Florida         No short term actions have taken place. Discussions are still underway on who actually controls tuition at the state universities, is it the Legislature or the
                Florida Board of Governors (who has constitutional authority over the state universities).
Georgia         No major changes in the last 3 years.
Hawaii          None
Idaho           Starting in 2006 and except at the land grant institution, student fees will no longer be designated as either tuition (cost of instruction) or non-instructional fees.
                This will allow each institution to spend approved student fees according to their respective tuition policy and budgetary needs.

Illinois        See above. Truth-in-tuition legislation does not limit increases for incoming students, but it does ensure that those students will be charged the same rates for
                four years.
Indiana         In April 2005, the Indiana General passed a statute that requires public postsecondary institutions to set tuition and mandatory fees two years at a time, within
                30 days of Indiana passing its biennial budget. Further, once the tuition and fees are set, they may not be raised, unless the state withholds or reduces
                appropriations.
Iowa            See question #1.
Kansas          None
Kentucky        The institutions recommend tuition rates to the Kentucky Council on Postsecondary Education. The Council then takes formal action on the institutional
                recommendations.
Louisiana       The authority in law for the annual 3% tuition increase terminates this year. As stated above, the Board of Regents has developed and adopted a new tuition
                and fee policy, but the legislature has not approved implementation.
Maine           None
Maryland        Tuition and fee increases were raised at levels needed to support institutional budgets experiencing reductions in state support. These increases exceeded
                four percent per year.
Massachusetts   Tuition at the University, state and community colleges has not changed in the past three years. It reflects the BHE's commitment to keep student charges
                affordable.
Michigan        Given the failed effort to put in place tuition caps in FY 04-05, there will be no such pledge agreed to in FY 05-06. However, there will likely be "intent"
                language in the state's appropriations bill that calls for universities to increase institutional student financial aid the same proportion as tuition.

Minnesota       No tuition policy changes
Mississippi     Budget constraints produced shift in policy to institutional needs.
Missouri        The Coordinating Board has agreed that the state's public two-year community colleges should provide the lowest cost (tuition and fee) access to the state's
                system of higher education. Coordinating Board staff discuss tuition and fee charges with presidents and chancellors during mission review and budget
                preparation conversations. The board is on record as promoting minimal increases in tuition and fee rates.
Montana          None
Nebraska         None
Nevada           A Tuition and Fees Committee of the UCCSN recommended new calculation formulas that were approved in April 2002. The new formula sets the three-year-
                 old median of tuition and fees for the western states as a goal. The tuition charge for full-time non-resident students will be based on the western states'
                 median times 220%. All other fees and tuition (Good Neighbor, Children of Alumni, distance education) are calculated through a formula based on the fee-per-
                 credit amount.
New Hampshire    None
New Jersey       Language in recent annual appropriations acts have limited the % of tuition increases at the public 4-year colleges and universities.
New Mexico       Tuition credit is set each legislative session (annually) and can vary from year-to-year depending primarily on available revenues.
New York         There has not been any
North Carolina   In its January 2003 meeting, out Board of Governors approved a new tuition policy. This followed a study by a special board committee which began its
                 deliberations in the summer of 2002. (ADDED 8/12: The North Carolina General Assembly has almost made it to the finish line on a $17.2-billion budget bill,
                 but one provision will be missing from the final spending plan, a controversial proposal to allow the state's two flagship universities, the University of North
                 Carolina at Chapel Hill and North Carolina State University, to set their own tuition. The bill does, however, include a somewhat divisive measure that would
                 count out-of-state students who receive full scholarships as state residents. The provision would help foundations that provide scholarships stretch their
                 dollars, but critics have said it could force the University of North Carolina System to shift funds to cover out-of-state students.)

North Dakota     No change
Ohio             The state had imposed tuition caps from the late 1980s through FY 2001. The tuition caps were lifted in FY 2002, in part to give campuses the ability to
                 generate resources for operations in face of severe budget cuts. Caps were reimposed in FY 2004 and FY 2005 at 9.9% per year, with 3.0% of the increase
                 permitted only for need-based aid or for technology improvements for undergraduates. Caps for FY 2006 - FY 2007 are 6.0% or $500 per year on resident
                 undergraduate instructional and mandatory general fees , with no provision for additional increases for need-based aid or technology improvements.

Oklahoma         The five year period established in 2002 was eliminated. Formulaic caps were set in statute for increases.
Oregon           Currently Oregon has no long term tuition policy. The tuition price setting responds to the state support to meet budgetary needs.
Pennsylvania     None
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina   None
South Dakota     We have added undergraduate children of alums to the 150% rate. We are currently allowing North Dakota residents to attend one of institutions at resident
                 rates.
Tennessee        The "legislative intent" language from the 2002 Appropriation Bill has not been repeated. However, the legislature directed THEC, along with the two
                 governing boards, to undertake a full study of tuition and fees, with 5-year tuition models.
Texas            A statewide revenue shortfall led to deregulation of university designated tuition beginning in the spring semester of 2004.
Utah             Two new policies have been adopted: (1) Residency for Tuition Purposes, (2) Additional Legislatively approved Tuition Waivers. (1)The 2005 Legislature
                 passed a new bill that modified existing requirements for becoming a Utah resident for tuition purposes. A student must either earn 60 credit hours at a USHE
                 institution while living in Utah or live in Utah for 3 continuous years while attending school. The has the effect of lengthening the amount of time to required for
                 students to gain resident status, effectively increasing tuition for non-resident students who still choose to attend a Utah higher education institution. (2) The
                 2004 Legislature approved a new undergraduate tuition waiver for Utah residents that are members of the armed forces that have received a Purple Heart
                 award who choose to attend a USHE institution.
Vermont
Virginia         Restructuring Act (began with 3 schools- UVA, William & Mary, and Virginia Tech) aims to decentralize higher education. See website, chapter 933- Higher
                 Ed Restructuring Act. All institutions now have the opportunity to decentralize- and set their own tuition and fees (as long as they meet some minimum
                 standards). The specific performance standards still have to be set, but in the end institutions will be able to keep the earnings on tuition revenues that
                 currently go to the state general fund (they already have the ability to keep interest earned on non-educational auxiliary fees).
Washington      State law passed in 2003 allows institutions to set tuition for all students except resident undergraduates; tuition setting authority for resident undergraduates
                remains with the legislature. At the end of six years tuition authority returns to the legislature.
West Virginia
Wisconsin       Consideration of market in setting tuition for nonresident students. Changed to same dollar increases rather than same percentage increases as resident
                students.
Wyoming         The University of Wyoming tuition policy for FY04 moved instruction to a credit hour rate from a fixed rate at 12 hours.
                Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities

                Q2c. Are there any potential tuition policy changes under consideration in your state? If so, please describe.

Alabama         Some discussion during the most recent regular session about increasing what nonresident students would have to pay
Alaska          Elimination of the Senior Citizen Tuition Waiver is up for consideration by the University
Arizona         2005 legislation requires the universities to review impact of capping tuition to inflation for currently enrolled students. The legislation also prohibits state
                funding of students enrolled who are in excess of 155 credit hours in FY 2006-07, decreasing to 150 credit hours in FY 2007-08 and to 145 credit hours after
                FY 2007-08.
Arkansas        NA
California      No formal changes are being discussed, though there continues to be debate over the appropriate levels of fees and the effectiveness of our financial aid
                systems.
Colorado        The State of Colorado has changed higher education undergraduate funding for 05-06 to fund stipends to students, not provide funds to institutions.

Connecticut     No
Delaware        None
Florida
Georgia         Yes, but no decisions reached on any changes.
Hawaii          No
Idaho           No policy changes
Illinois        The IBHE completed its review of affordability issues in 2003. The truth-in-tuition legislation was the one statutory change that resulted from the report that
                was directly related to tuition policy.
Indiana         The new policy set in statute in 2005 will be monitored and reevaluated.
Iowa            Not at this time since it was changed less than one year ago.
Kansas
Kentucky        The Council will adopt a new tuition policy based on the outcome of a statewide affordability study in the autumn of 2005.
Louisiana       See response above
Maine           No
Maryland        Institutions are no longer able to maintain the modest tuition growth. Maryland's current fiscal constraints will push higher education toward higher tuition
                levels
Massachusetts   A recent Senate task force report recommended significant changes to tuition policy. BHE continues to work with the legislature on the mechanics to make
                this happen. In summary, MA is only one of a few states that require public institutions to return (remit) tuition received in payment for day courses (see 1b).
                The proposed tuition policy change would enable institutions to retain all tuition.
Michigan
Minnesota       A discussion has begun at MnSCU on alternative revenue models that may include a change in tuition philosophy.
Mississippi     Tuition Stabilization Plan
Missouri        The University of Missouri system is considering level tuition for entering freshman through graduation of bachelor's degree. Recent legislation proposed
                tuition freeze and tuition freeze policy but has not been enacted.
Montana         The Board of Regents has discussed assessing all students an increase in tuition to pool funds for a "needs-based" program
Nebraska        No
Nevada          The legislature has questioned allocation to access
New Hampshire   None
New Jersey      No changes are being considered for the coming year.
New Mexico       The Commission presented a number of ideas related to needs-based funding to the 2005 Legislature. At least twelve different bills were introduced to
                 change the Lottery Tuition Scholarship Program. None of the major proposals were approved. The 2005 proposals encountered political problems that might
                 cause reluctance to propose new ideas for some time.
New York         The Governor is considering incentives to colleges to encourage students to graduate with the prescribed timeline - no action this year
North Carolina   No
North Dakota     none
Ohio             No
Oklahoma
Oregon           No, there are no changes in practice.
Pennsylvania     none
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island     Board issued budget preparation guidelines for the FY 2007 budget request that cap the allowable rate of tuition increase that can be requested.

South Carolina   No
South Dakota     A committee is currently reviewing our rate structure for full-pay non-residents.
Tennessee        Greater differential in fees by sector accelerated for 2005-06 fee levels. That is likely to continue. Changes to the funding formula have allowed greater
                 flexibility for campuses to meet market demands in charging out of state tuition.
Texas            Some legislators expressed disappointment and outrage during the 2005 legislative session because designated tuition was raised higher than expected and
                 at a faster rate. More modest increases in designated tuition are expected during the 2006-2007 biennium.
Utah             The 2005 Legislature is reviewing the policy regarding offering resident tuition rates to undocumented individuals who have attended for three years and
                 graduated from a Utah high school.
Vermont
Virginia         Potential of new policy to result from Restructuring Act
Washington       Still being studied. At the request of the governor, the legislature in 2005 funded a comprehensive education study which is to include development of options
                 to fund higher education and the appropriate share to be funded through tuition.
West Virginia    New tuition and fee policy will be drafted to meet statutory mandates.
Wisconsin        Under consideration
Wyoming          No policy changes are anticipated.
              Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
              Q3. Has a formal study group or commission on tuition policy been established in your state at any time in the past three fiscal years? If yes, please
              provide a link to or a copy of any written report resulting from the initiative.
               No Yes                                                                          Comments
Alabama         1
Alaska                1 Elasticity report currently underway. Anticipated completion date is September 2005.
Arizona               1     In June 2005, the Arizona Board of Regents established a Tuition Workgroup to review policy framework related to tuition rates (including
                           review of class fees, program fees and college fees) and tuition setting process. In addition, both the legislature and governor have
                           established committees/task forces to review issues of higher education.
Arkansas        1
California      1          While there has been no formal entity looking at this as you describe above, our Legislature's official analysts -- the Legislative Analyst's
                           Office (LAO) -- has delved into this area as part of its annual budget bill analyses responsibilities. Here is the link to its most recent
                           analysis on student fees: http://www.lao.ca.gov/analysis_2005/education/ed_18_Intersegmental_Student_Fees_anl05.htm (February
                           2005).
Colorado        1
Connecticut           1 http://www.ctdhe.org/tuition/Docs/Final%20Recommendationspdf.pdf
Delaware        1
Florida               1     2005: http://www.flbog.org/bog/meetings/2004_10_21/Tuition_Fee.pdf. This link provides the proposed tuition policies adopted by the
                           Board of Governors in October 2004. These policies were submitted to the legislature during their 2005 session. As a follow-up to the
                           Higher Education Funding Task Force mentioned in Florida's 2002 response to this survey, the Chairman of the State Board of Education
                           has joined with the Chairwoman of the Florida Board of Governors to form a Postsecondary Education Access Task Force that has just
                           started it's work. Similarly, the Florida Council of 100 has developed and published a series of recommendations regarding tuition policies
                           that may or may not have impact.
Georgia               1   A tuition task force was created this year; recommendations have not been formalized in policy
Hawaii         1
Idaho                 1   The NACUBO methodology for identifying the costs of delivering undergraduate education has been used for FY03 and FY04. Also, Idaho
                          is participating in the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education's initiative "Changing Direction: Integrating Higher Education
                          Financial Aid and Financing Policy." The state will develop guidelines that will be used to set student fees, financial aid, and state
                          appropriations.
Illinois              1   http://www.ibhe.org/Board/Agendas/2003/August/Item%209%20Report.pdf
Indiana               1   The Taskforce on College Affordability was established and convened last winter and spring. In addition, the Government Efficiency
                          Committee, with a subcommittee on Higher Education, convened in the fall of 2004. Both committees have made recommendations. The
                          Government Efficiency Commission Subcommittee on Higher Education report is available on the Indiana for Higher Education webpage
                          (www.che.state.in.us). The Affordability Commission report is available upon request to ICHE.

Iowa                  1   Beginning in September 2003, the Board discussed and studied numerous issues about its tuition policies which included: statutory timing
                          of tuition setting, charging tuition, budgetary processes, fees for athletics, mandatory student fees, miscellaneous fees and charges (non-
                          tuition related), Lakeside laboratory, Camp Adventure (UNI), student financial aid set aside. During this timeframe, the Board also
                          approved appointment of a public policy task force to examine the Board’s structure, policy, and procedures, as well as the role of Board
                          members, staff, and institutional officials in government relations, public outreach, and related matters.

Kansas         1
Kentucky              1   The Council established an affordability policy group in fall 2003. Tuition, state appropriation and financial aid policies have been the
                          focus of the group's work.
                 No   Yes                                                                 Comments
Louisiana         1         No formal study group or commission was established, but the Board of Regents policy adopted this past Spring can be found at:
                            www.regents.state.la.us/whatsnew
Maine            1
Maryland         1
Massachusetts    1
Michigan         1
Minnesota        1
Mississippi      1
Missouri               1    The Missouri Department of Higher Education State Aid Program Task Force has been formed to address state aid needs in Missouri and
                            will discuss affordability issues. The first meeting was May 26, 2005
Montana                1    http://www.montana.edu/wwwbor/TuitCommRep7-03.pdf
Nebraska         1
Nevada                 1    Legislative subcommittee 2003-2004- no tuition and fee recommendations
New Hampshire    1
New Jersey       1
New Mexico             1    A Blue Ribbon Task Force made recommendations for changes for 2003-04 funding. Implicitly, change was to discourage major tuition
                            increases. However, increases at institutions have, in some cases, exceeded 10%. Governor's Task Force on Higher Education (2004-05)
                            addressed a number of issues including tuition policy (Attached). In 2005, Senate Joint Memorial 74 directed the establishment of an
                            Interim Legislative Committee to study the Lottery Tuition Scholarship Program and make recommendations by December 15, 2005

New York         1
North Carolina         1    A special committee of the UNC Board of Governors was appointed and began its work during the summer of 2002, culminating with its
                            report and recommendations for a new policy approved by the full board in January 2003
North Dakota     1
Ohio                   1    There were two major studies which included discussions of tuition policy, but which were not exclusively focused on tuition policy. The
                            first was the report of the Governor's Commission on Higher Education and the Economy. A PDF version of the report is available at:
                            http://www.chee.ohio.gov/documents/CHEE_4_22.pdf. A second report, issued by the Statewide Student Financial Aid consultation,
                            recommended major changes in the state's need-based aid policy in part to ensure that increases in aid kept pace with tuition increases. A
                            copy of that report has been sent separately to SHEEO.
Oklahoma         1
Oregon           1
Pennsylvania     1
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island     1
South Carolina   1
South Dakota           1    The report is not yet released.
                No   Yes                                                                     Comments
Tennessee             1 Legislative language provides for the following study to be completed by December 2005: "The Tennessee Higher Education Commission
                         shall, in conjunction with the Tennessee Board of Regents and the University of Tennessee, coordinate the creation of undergraduate
                         tuition models for public higher education in Tennessee. The models shall include at least a five year projection of potential undergraduate
                         tuition increases at public institutions of higher education including Tennessee Technology Centers. These models shall consider the
                         impact of undergraduate student enrollment growth, the impact of Tennessee Education Lottery Scholarship, need-based financial aid
                         programs, anticipated state appropriations, estimated maintenance and operational costs and other fixed costs, salary and benefit and
                         technology costs, maintaining competitiveness with the respective institutions’ peer institutions, as well as other public and private
                         institutions and any other relevant factors. This analysis shall also include an evaluation of the growth in higher education costs in relation
                         to the consumer price index.”


Texas                 1   This study examined the appropriate balance between tuition/fees, financial aid, and financing of higher education.
                          http://www.thecb.state.tx.us/reports/pdf/0513.pdf
Utah            1
Vermont         1
Virginia              1   In January of 2000 it was determined that the state should contribute 67% of the cost for resident students and 0% of cost for nonresident
                          students. This came out of the 1998 joint committee of higher education funding guidelines.
Washington            1   In 2005 the "Comprehensive Education Study Steering Committee" was created. There is to be an "Advisory committee on Higher
                          Education." Among other things this Advisory Committee is to review tuition policy. Interim reports are due in November 2005 and June
                          2006 with a final report due in November 2006.
West Virginia         1   Currently the West Virginia Council for Community and Technical College Education is undertaking a finance study, part of which, will
                          review and possibly recommend a new tuition policy. The initiative is underway and not complete so there is no link to a written report at
                          this time. Study should be complete and report will be published during the fall of 2005.
Wisconsin             1   Board of Regents' Charting a New Course Study can be found at http://www.uwsa.edu/bor/charting/chartingReportFinal.pdf
Wyoming         1

TOTALS          27   23
              Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
              Q 4a. What role does each of the following individuals or entities play in establishing tuition rates and/or tuition policies in your state?
                                               Governor                                                                               Legislature
               Full legal   Informal/    No     Other                 Comments                   Full legal      Informal/      No Other                     Comments
               decision- Consultative role       role                                            decision- Consultative role           role
                making         role                                                               making            role
               authority                                                                         authority
Alabama                                   1                                                                          1
Alaska                          1                                                                                    1
Arizona                         1                       The governor serves as an ex                                                     1
                                                        officio member of the Board and
                                                        therefore a voting member, so in
                                                        that capacity would have be able to
                                                        vote on tuition rates. Otherwise,
                                                        the governor serves a consultative
                                                        role.

Arkansas                                     1                                                                                  1




California         1             1                                                                    1              1




Colorado                                                  The Governing Boards have the                                                 1
                                                          authority to set tuition rates, but the
                                                          state executive branch and
                                                          legislature set overall policies and
                                                          provides spending authority.

Connecticut                      1                                                                    1              1




Delaware                                     1                                                                                  1
                Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
                Q 4a. What role does each of the following individuals or entities play in establishing tuition rates and/or tuition policies in your state?
                                                 Governor                                                                               Legislature
                 Full legal   Informal/    No     Other                Comments                    Full legal      Informal/      No Other                     Comments
                 decision- Consultative role       role                                            decision- Consultative role           role
                  making         role                                                               making            role
                 authority                                                                         authority
Florida                           1                                                                    1               1                         Discussion is ongoing as to who
                                                                                                                                                 establishes tuition policy, the
                                                                                                                                                 Legislature or Florida Board of
                                                                                                                                                 Governors.




Georgia                            1                                                                                            1
Hawaii                                        1                                                                                 1
Idaho                                         1                                                                                 1
Illinois                           1                                                                                 1
Indiana                            1                                                                                 1
Iowa                               1                                                                                 1
Kansas                                        1                                                                      1
Kentucky                                      1                                                                                 1


Louisiana                          1                                                                   1




Maine                              1                                                                                 1
Maryland                                      1                                                                                 1
Massachusetts                      1                                                                                 1

Michigan                                              1                                                                                       The Gov. and Legislature can play a
                                                                                                                                              role if they choose to do so.

Minnesota                          1          1                                                                      1          1
Mississippi                                   1                                                                                 1
                 Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
                 Q 4a. What role does each of the following individuals or entities play in establishing tuition rates and/or tuition policies in your state?
                                                  Governor                                                                               Legislature
                  Full legal   Informal/    No     Other                Comments                    Full legal      Informal/      No Other                     Comments
                  decision- Consultative role       role                                            decision- Consultative role           role
                   making         role                                                               making            role
                  authority                                                                         authority
Missouri                           1                                                                                    1
Montana                            1                                                                                               1

Nebraska                                        1                                                                                  1
Nevada                              1                                                                                   1
New Hampshire                                   1       1    Serves as member of Governing                                         1
                                                             Board of Trustees (BoT). 2 year=
                                                             no role

New Jersey                                              1                                                                                  1
New Mexico                          1                                                                                   1




New York              1                                                                                  1
North Carolina                      1                                                                    1




North Dakota                                    1                                                                                  1




Ohio                                                    1                                                                                  1




Oklahoma                            1                                                                                   1
Oregon                              1                                                                                   1
Pennsylvania                        1                                                                                   1
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island                        1                                                                                   1
South Carolina                                  1                                                        1
                Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
                Q 4a. What role does each of the following individuals or entities play in establishing tuition rates and/or tuition policies in your state?
                                                 Governor                                                                               Legislature
                 Full legal   Informal/    No     Other                Comments                    Full legal      Informal/      No Other                     Comments
                 decision- Consultative role       role                                            decision- Consultative role           role
                  making         role                                                               making            role
                 authority                                                                         authority
South Dakota                      1                                                                                    1




Tennessee                                      1                                                                       1
Texas                              1                                                                    1              1                  1     Sets statutory base tuition;
                                                                                                                                                deregulated designated tuition in 2003




Utah                               1                                                                                   1
Vermont                                        1                                                                                  1
Virginia                           1                                                                                   1
Washington                         1                                                                    1                                       Sets maximum increase for resident
                                                                                                                                                undergraduate tuition




West Virginia                      1                                                                    1                                       Limitations on increases are set in
                                                                                                                                                code


Wisconsin                                              1    Recommends dollar authority                                                   1     Sets dollar authority
Wyoming

TOTAL                2            28          16       5                                                10            24         14       6
                  Statewide coordinating/ governing agency for multiple systems                      Coordinating/ governing boards) for individual systems
              Full legal  Informal/    No    Other             Comments                 Full legal      Informal/    No    Other                Comments
              decision- Consultative role     role                                      decision-      Consultative role    role
               making        role                                                        making            role
              authority                                                                 authority
Alabama                                 1                                                   1
Alaska                                  1                                                   1
Arizona                                                                                     1




Arkansas                     1                                                                              1




California                             1                                                    1               1




Colorado                                            The Commission establishes                              1                     The advisory group has legal authority
                                                    parameters within which the                                                   within the constraints of the budget
                                                    Governing Boards are expected to                                              and legislative process.
                                                    maintain tuition rates



Connecticut                                         sets statewide policies and makes       1
                                                    recommendations on annual
                                                    tuition and fee adjustments

Delaware                     1
                    Statewide coordinating/ governing agency for multiple systems                         Coordinating/ governing boards) for individual systems
                Full legal  Informal/    No    Other               Comments                  Full legal      Informal/    No    Other                Comments
                decision- Consultative role     role                                         decision-      Consultative role    role
                 making        role                                                           making            role
                authority                                                                    authority
Florida                         1                      Since 2003, Florida's constitution        1               1                     Discussion is ongoing as to who
                                                       was amended by voters to include                                                establishes tuition policy, the
                                                       a Board of Governors to oversee                                                 Legislature or Florida Board of
                                                       the public university system. The                                               Governors.
                                                       community college system
                                                       remains under the leadership of
                                                       the State Board of Education.
                                                       The SBE has authorized, in
                                                       limited cases, community colleges
                                                       to offer baccalaureate degrees.



Georgia                                                                                          1
Hawaii             1
Idaho              1
Illinois                        1                                                                1
Indiana                         1                                                                                1
Iowa               1
Kansas             1
Kentucky                                                                                         1


Louisiana          1                                    Role of Board of Regents with            1                                     Louisiana "system management
                                                        respect to tuition and fees has                                                boards" set specific tuition and fee
                                                        recently been expanded by law to                                               rates subject to legislative and/or
                                                        require BOR to develop policy                                                  policy limits.
                                                        which provides for overall tuition
                                                        and fee parameters and related
                                                        provisions.

Maine                                                                                            1
Maryland                                   1                                                     1
Massachusetts      1                                                                                                       1

Michigan                                   1                                                                               1


Minnesota                                  1                                                     1
Mississippi                                1                                                     1
                     Statewide coordinating/ governing agency for multiple systems                        Coordinating/ governing boards) for individual systems
                 Full legal  Informal/    No    Other               Comments                 Full legal      Informal/    No    Other                Comments
                 decision- Consultative role     role                                        decision-      Consultative role    role
                  making        role                                                          making            role
                 authority                                                                   authority
Missouri                         1                                                               1
Montana                          1                      Office of Commissioner of Higher         1                                     Board of Regents
                                                        Education
Nebraska                         1                                                               1
Nevada               1                                                                           1
New Hampshire                              1                                                     1




New Jersey                                 1                                                                               1
New Mexico                       1                                                                                                     The Council of University Presidents
                                                                                                                                       and the association for two-year
                                                                                                                                       institutions make recommendations.

New York                                   1                                                                     1
North Carolina      1




North Dakota        1                                   The ND State Board of Higher
                                                        Education sets tuition guidelines,
                                                        which typically include either
                                                        setting a specific rate or a range
                                                        from which the campuses can set
                                                        their rates
Ohio                             1




Oklahoma            1                                                                                            1
Oregon                           1                                                               1
Pennsylvania                               1                                                     1
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island                                                                                     1
South Carolina                                                                                                             1
                    Statewide coordinating/ governing agency for multiple systems                        Coordinating/ governing boards) for individual systems
                Full legal  Informal/    No    Other                Comments                Full legal      Informal/    No    Other                Comments
                decision- Consultative role     role                                        decision-      Consultative role    role
                 making        role                                                          making            role
                authority                                                                   authority
South Dakota                                           NA - The Board governs the entire        1
                                                       SD public higher education
                                                       system and should probably be
                                                       identified as a Governing Board
                                                       for individual systems (d)

Tennessee                       1                                                               1
Texas                           1                      The state's master plan for higher       1                                     Sets designated and board-authorized
                                                       education (Closing the Gaps by                                                 (graduate school) tuition
                                                       2015) established a strategy
                                                       calling for adequate financial aid
                                                       and sensible tuition and fee
                                                       policies.
Utah               1                                                                                                      1
Vermont                                   1                                                     1
Virginia
Washington                      1                      Washington has a coordinating            1                                     The community colleges have a
                                                       board                                                                          statewide board which sets tuition
                                                                                                                                      (within the limitations set by the
                                                                                                                                      legislature for resident
                                                                                                                                      undergraduates)
West Virginia                                                                                   1                                     HEPC and CTC Council have
                                                                                                                                      statewide system approval authority


Wisconsin                                 1                                                     1
Wyoming

TOTAL              11          14         13      0                                            29               7         5      0
                                    Local district governing boards)                                                   Individual institutions
              Full legal    Informal/     No     Other             Comments                Full legal    Informal/      No    Other              Comments
              decision-    Consultative role       role                                    decision-    Consultative   role    role
               making          role                                                         making          role
              authority                                                                    authority
Alabama           1                                                                            1
Alaska                          1                                                                            1
Arizona           1                                  In 2002, the legislature eliminated                     1
                                                     the State Board of Directors for
                                                     Community Colleges which
                                                     approved tuition rates
                                                     recommended by local governing
                                                     Boards. Individual local district
                                                     governing boards now approve
                                                     tuition rates.
Arkansas                                 1                                                     1




California                               1                                                                              1




Colorado                                                                                                     1                       The advisory groups make
                                                                                                                                     recommendations to the Governing
                                                                                                                                     Boards.




Connecticut                              1                                                                   1




Delaware                                                                                       1
                                      Local district governing boards)                                        Individual institutions
                Full legal    Informal/     No     Other             Comments     Full legal    Informal/      No    Other                Comments
                decision-    Consultative role       role                         decision-    Consultative   role    role
                 making          role                                              making          role
                authority                                                         authority
Florida             1             1                                                   1                                     The University Boards of Trustees
                                                                                                                            have the authority to set tuition for
                                                                                                                            all students except resident
                                                                                                                            undergraduates.




Georgia                                    1                                                                   1
Hawaii                                                                                              1
Idaho               1                                                                               1
Illinois            1                                                                 1
Indiana                           1                                                   1
Iowa                                                   each 2-yr sets their own
Kansas              1                                                                               1
Kentucky                          1                                                                 1


Louisiana                                                                                           1




Maine                                                                                               1
Maryland            1                                                                               1
Massachusetts                              1                                                                   1

Michigan                                                                              1                                     Determined by each institution's
                                                                                                                            governing board.

Minnesota                                  1                                                        1
Mississippi                                1                                                                   1
                                       Local district governing boards)                                                Individual institutions
                 Full legal    Informal/     No     Other             Comments             Full legal    Informal/      No    Other               Comments
                 decision-    Consultative role       role                                 decision-    Consultative   role    role
                  making          role                                                      making          role
                 authority                                                                 authority
Missouri             1                                                                                       1
Montana              1                                  3 community colleges in MT                           1                       Make Recommendations to the
                                                                                                                                     Board.
Nebraska             1                                                                                       1
Nevada                                                                                                       1
New Hampshire                               1           2-year= informal role                                                  1     Recommend through Chancellor,
                                                                                                                                     who may modify prior to submitting
                                                                                                                                     to BoT. 2-year= informal

New Jersey           1                                                                         1
New Mexico           1                                  Within certain statutory limits.       1




New York                           1                                                                                    1
North Carolina                                                                                                                       Institutions propose campus-based
                                                                                                                                     tuition increases for consideration by
                                                                                                                                     the Board of Governors

North Dakota                                1                                                  1




Ohio                 1                                                                         1




Oklahoma                                    1                                                                           1
Oregon                                      1                                                                                  1
Pennsylvania         1                                                                                                  1
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina                     1                                                           1
                                      Local district governing boards)                                      Individual institutions
                Full legal    Informal/     No     Other             Comments   Full legal    Informal/      No    Other               Comments
                decision-    Consultative role       role                       decision-    Consultative   role    role
                 making          role                                            making          role
                authority                                                       authority
South Dakota                                                                                      1




Tennessee                                                                                         1
Texas               1                                                                             1




Utah                                       1                                                      1
Vermont                                    1                                                                 1
Virginia                                                                            1
Washington                                 1                                        1                                     The individual 4-year institutions set
                                                                                                                          tuition (within the limitations set by
                                                                                                                          the legislature for resident
                                                                                                                          undergraduates)

West Virginia                                                                       1                                     All Institutional Governing Boards
                                                                                                                          except WVU and Marshall University
                                                                                                                          require Statewide board approval

Wisconsin                                  1                                                      1
Wyoming

TOTAL              15             6        15      0                               15            21          8       2
                                           Other
              Full legal    Informal/      No Other     Comments                                     General Comments
              decision-    Consultative   role   role
               making          role
              authority
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona




Arkansas                                                           The Arkansas Higher Education Coordinating Board (AHECB) establishes tuition and
                                                                   fee policy for funding purposes for the institutions. However, local boards have the
                                                                   authority to establish tuition and fee rates for their campus as determined by their
                                                                   budgetary needs.
California        1             1                1                 Okay, here goes. For UC, the UC Board of Regents has the constitutional authority to
                                                                   set fee levels. For the CSU, the CSU Board of Trustees has statutory authority to set
                                                                   fees. For the CCCs, the Governor and Legislature have statutory authority to set fee,
                                                                   though the are advised in this process by the CCC Board of Governors. For all three
                                                                   entities, fiscal and political considerations factor into the decision-making process,
                                                                   particularly budget initiatives, assumptions and agreements. That is, if the legislature
                                                                   and Governor agree that fees should go up 10%, and build that assumption into the
                                                                   State budget as it is being deliberated upon, the segmental governing boards would
                                                                   likely adopt a 10% increase.


Colorado                                                           Governing Boards set tuition within limits established by the Governor and State
                                                                   Legislature




Connecticut




Delaware
                                             Other
                Full legal    Informal/      No Other          Comments                                       General Comments
                decision-    Consultative   role   role
                 making          role
                authority
Florida




Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky                                                                    The institutions recommend tuition rates to the Kentucky Council on Postsecondary
                                                                            Education. The Council then takes formal action on the institutional recommendations.

Louisiana                         1                       Student body
                                                          representatives




Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts                                                               BHE sets tuition rates but the individual campus Board of Trustees set fees, and fees
                                                                            make up over half of the total student charges.
Michigan                                                                    Tuition is determined by the governing boards of each institution, using variables such
                                                                            as market demand, state support, enrollment, student services and programmatic
                                                                            quality.
Minnesota
Mississippi                                  1
                                              Other
                 Full legal    Informal/      No Other     Comments                                      General Comments
                 decision-    Consultative   role   role
                  making          role
                 authority
Missouri
Montana

Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire




New Jersey
New Mexico




New York
North Carolina




North Dakota




Ohio                                                                  Ohio's system of higher education is greatly decentralized, and the Board of Regents
                                                                      believes that institutions can best understand their needs and finances. In Ohio, each
                                                                      public institution is governed by its own Board of trustees, which has the authority to
                                                                      make decisions about resource generation and resource allocation. However, the Ohio
                                                                      General Assembly has limited tuition increases on public campuses through fee caps.

Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina                                                        The Board of Trustees decides what is best for their institution when setting fees.
                                                     Other
                Full legal        Informal/          No Other     Comments                                     General Comments
                decision-        Consultative       role   role
                 making              role
                authority
South Dakota




Tennessee
Texas




Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington                                                                   the debate has been about who sets tuition with the legislature setting the maximum
                                                                             increase in resident undergraduate tuition and the institutions setting nonresident and
                                                                             graduate/professional tuition.


West Virginia




Wisconsin
Wyoming

TOTAL                        1                  2      1      1
                Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
                Q4b. Which of the entities above has primary authority for establishing tuition? (Please check one)

                                           Statewide                        Local
                                          coordinating/   Coordinating/     district
                                           governing        governing     governing
                                           agency for      board(s) for    board(s)
                                            multiple        individual    (two-year     Individual
                Governor    Legislature     systems          systems         only)     Institutions   Other                               Comments
Alabama                                                                                      1
Alaska                                                          1
Arizona                                                         1
Arkansas                                                                                    1
California          1            1                                                                            For the Governor, Legislature and System wide offices roles, see
                                                                                                              above. For CCCs, local districts authorize local campuses to
                                                                                                              allow students to vote for mandatory campus-based fees, as
                                                                                                              prescribed in law. Similarly for UC and CSU, local campuses
                                                                                                              allow students to vote for mandatory campus-based fees. But at
                                                                                                              the end of the day, it's the Governor and Leg. who rule.

Colorado                                        1
Connecticut                                                     1                                             2002 response should have been the same as 2005 response.

Delaware                                                                                    1
Florida                          1                              1                           1                 Discussion is ongoing as to who establishes tuition policy for the
                                                                                                              state universities, the Legislature or Florida Board of Governors.
                                                                                                              Community Colleges are still under the auspices of the State
                                                                                                              Board of Education.
Georgia                                                         1
Hawaii                                          1
Idaho                                           1
Illinois                                                        1             1             1
Indiana                                                                                     1
Iowa                                            1
Kansas                                          1
Kentucky                                        1
Louisiana                        1              1               1                                             In 2002 the Statewide coordinating/governing agency actually did
                                                                                                              not have any primary authority - since then, the law has charged
                                                                                                              that agency (the BOR) with policy responsibility

Maine                                                           1
Maryland
Massachusetts                                   1
Michigan                                                                                    1
Minnesota                                                       1
Mississippi                                                     1
                                           Statewide                        Local
                                          coordinating/   Coordinating/     district
                                           governing        governing     governing
                                           agency for      board(s) for    board(s)
                                            multiple        individual    (two-year     Individual
                 Governor   Legislature     systems          systems         only)     Institutions   Other                                 Comments
Missouri                                                         1
Montana                                        1
Nebraska                                                       1
Nevada                                         1
New Hampshire                                                  1
New Jersey                                                                                  1          1      Governor and/or legislature can cap tuition levels. The response
                                                                                                              in 2002 should have been "Individual Institutions"
New Mexico                                                                                  1
New York                                                       1                                              The governing bodies for SUNY and CUNY propose a tuition rate
                                                                                                              and the legislature and governor must approve it.

North Carolina                                                                                                The Board of Governors sets tuition not inconsistent with actions
                                                                                                              of the General Assembly.
North Dakota                                   1
Ohio                                                                                        1
Oklahoma                                       1
Oregon                                                         1
Pennsylvania                                                   1              1
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island                                                   1
South Carolina                                                                              1
South Dakota                                                   1
Tennessee                                                      1                                              Governing boards have sole authority for setting tuition and fees,
                                                                                                              rather than the coordinating board, THEC.
Texas                           1                              1              1                               Legislature for statutory base, governing boards for university
                                                                                                              designated and board-authorized tuition, local boards of trustees
                                                                                                              for community college tuition
Utah                                           1
Vermont                                                        1
Virginia                                                                                    1
Washington                      1                                                                             This question does not exactly fit Washington - no one entity has
                                                                                                              primary authority to set all tuition rates. The legislature sets the
                                                                                                              maximum increase for resident undergraduate tuition; the
                                                                                                              governing board for the community and technical colleges sets
                                                                                                              tuition for community and technical colleges (for residents within
                                                                                                              the limitation set by the legislature); the individual 4-year
                                                                                                              institutions set tuition for their institution (for residents within the
                                                                                                              limitation set by the legislature).
West Virginia                                                  1                            1
                                      Statewide                        Local
                                     coordinating/   Coordinating/     district
                                      governing        governing     governing
                                      agency for      board(s) for    board(s)
                                       multiple        individual    (two-year     Individual
            Governor   Legislature     systems          systems         only)     Institutions   Other   Comments
Wisconsin                                                   1
Wyoming                                                                                1

TOTAL              1             5              13              23            3            14        1
                Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
                Q4c. If individual institutions have primary authority, which of the following statements best describes the nature of their authority?

                    Individual         Individual
                institutions set   institutions set
                   tuition rates      tuition rates
                    within very           within
                       strict        moderate or       Individual
                guidelines or            limited    institutions set
                  parameters          guidelines      tuition rates
                established by     established by        with no
                 local or state-    local or state-     external     Not
                  level entities     level entities  restrictions applicable                                                    Comments
Alabama                                     1
Alaska                                                                 1
Arizona                                                                1
Arkansas                                    1
California             1                                                         These powers are very specific and ONLY relate to campus-based fees, NOT the regular system
                                                                                 wide student fees. For what most of us would consider traditional student fees, it's the Leg., Gov.,
                                                                                 and system wide governing bodies
Colorado                                 1                                       The state of Colorado may establish more strict guidelines.
Connecticut                                                              1
Delaware                                                  1
Florida                1
Georgia                                                                  1
Hawaii                                                                   1
Idaho                                                                    1
Illinois                                                  1                      Institutions can still set rates for incoming students and students beyond their four-year "no-increase"
                                                                                 period without any external restrictions
Indiana                                  1
Iowa                                                                     1
Kansas                                                                   1
Kentucky                                                                 1       Although institutions recommend tuition rates, the Council on Postsecondary Education statutorily
                                                                                 sets tuition rates.
Louisiana
Maine                                                                    1
Maryland                                 1
Massachusetts                                                            1
Michigan                                                  1
Minnesota                                                                1
Mississippi                                                              1
Missouri                                 1
Montana                                                                  1
Nebraska                                                                 1
                     Individual         Individual
                 institutions set   institutions set
                    tuition rates      tuition rates
                     within very           within
                        strict        moderate or       Individual
                 guidelines or            limited    institutions set
                   parameters          guidelines      tuition rates
                 established by     established by        with no
                  local or state-    local or state-     external     Not
                   level entities     level entities  restrictions applicable                                                   Comments
Nevada                                                                  1
New Hampshire                                                           1
New Jersey                                   1
New Mexico                                   1                                Individual institutions set tuition rates but are subject to political pressure from the Governor,
                                                                              Legislature, students, etc.
New York                                                                1
North Carolina
North Dakota                              1
Ohio                                      1
Oklahoma                                                                  1
Oregon                                                                    1
Pennsylvania                                               1              1      State-related institutions set tuition rates with no external restrictions. Some community colleges may
                                                                                 receive guidelines from local entities. PASSHE institutions have no authority concerning tuition; tuition
                                                                                 is set by the System's governing board.
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island                                                              1
South Carolina                            1
South Dakota                                                              1
Tennessee                                                                 1
Texas                                                                     1      Individual institutions have no authority to set tuition rates. Boards of regents and trustees set rates
                                                                                 with no external restrictions.
Utah                                                                      1
Vermont                                                                   1
Virginia                                  1
Washington                                                                       The legislature sets the maximum increase for resident undergraduate tuition; nonresident and
                                                                                 graduate/professional tuition has no restrictions.
West Virginia                             1
Wisconsin                                                                 1
Wyoming                                                    1

TOTALS                  2                 13               5             28
                Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
                Q4d. How has the degree of centralization changed over the past three years with regard to setting tuition levels?

Alabama         No change
Alaska          NA
Arizona         For four-year institutions, the degree of centralization has not changed..authority lies solely with the governing board. For community colleges, tuition setting has
                been decentralized with the elimination of the CC Board. Tuition setting for CC lies with the individual local district boards.
Arkansas        No change
California      No changes
Colorado        NA
Connecticut     no change
Delaware        no changes
Florida
                In 2002, Florida voters passed a constitutional amendment which created the Florida Board of Governors to oversee and manage the state university system.
                General Counsel for the Board has indicated that the Board has the authority to set tuition, however a bill passed and signed by the Governor during the 2005
                legislative session states that tuition is under the authority of the Legislature. The community colleges remain under the leadership of the State Board of Education.
Georgia         No
Hawaii          no change
Idaho           none
Illinois        Institutions are limited by the truth-in-tuition legislation, but there was no additional centralization; e.g., no limits, ties to CPI or personal income, executive branch
                review, etc.
Indiana         No changes
Iowa            Not changed
Kansas          NA
Kentucky        While there has been no change in the statutory authority to set tuition, the Kentucky Council on Postsecondary Education has taken a more central role in the
                setting of tuition rates than was the case in 2002.
Louisiana       No change other than policy responsibility as noted above
Maine           No change
Maryland        no change
Massachusetts   no change
Michigan        After a year of state (legislative) - university agreement on tuition caps, no such agreements will take place this year, therefore, what little centralization exists is
                being further diminished.
Minnesota       No change
Mississippi     No
Missouri        Has not changed to any significant degree
Montana         For the 2007 biennium (FY 2006 and FY 2007), the Board of Regents was more actively engaged in setting the Operating Budgets and tuition increases

Nebraska        No change. Tuition is still set by the Governing Boards.
Nevada          No change
New Hampshire   No
New Jersey      No changes
New Mexico      No centralized changes. However, the Commission on Higher Education as a semi-independent agency was recreated as the New Mexico Higher Education
                Department with an appointed cabinet secretary and an advisory board. The changes are being implemented at this time and it's not certain how all of this will play
                out. A significant stated purpose is that HED will foster greater institutional accountability.
New York        no
North Carolina   The authority for setting tuition has not changed.
North Dakota     no change
Ohio             Caps were lifted completely in FY 2002 and FY 2003, and have been reimposed in the current and previous biennia. Caps apply only to resident undergraduate
                 instructional and mandatory general fees.
Oklahoma         The authority for increases resides solely with the State Regents without direct involvement of the Legislature.
Oregon
Pennsylvania     NA
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina   no
South Dakota     The Board has always maintained that authority, so no change.
Tennessee        no changes
Texas            Universities -- for designated tuition the degree of centralization has changed completely. Community colleges -- no change in the degree of centralization.

Utah             no
Vermont          There has been no change. Tuition at the University of Vermont is the responsibility of the Board of Trustees
Virginia         Considerable decentralization, including that of payroll, capital outlay projects
Washington       Institutions were granted the authority to set nonresident and graduate/professional tuition in Fall 2003.
West Virginia    Marshall University and West Virginia University were removed from the requirement of having statewide board (HEPC) approval in the 2005 legislative session.
                 They must, however, conform to tuition caps as prescribed in statute.
Wisconsin        no significant changes
Wyoming          not changed
                Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
                Q5a. How have changes in state legislative culture (ex. term limits, changes in legislative leadership, etc.) affected tuition policies and tuition philosophy in your
                state over the past three years?

Alabama
Alaska          NA

                Both term limits and a shift to a more conservative legislature has affected Arizona's existing policy framework on tuition levels, process, and student financial aid.
                Arizona has experienced many successful ballot propositions that have restricted the legislature's flexibility in funding programs. As a result, more attention has
Arizona         been paid to the universities (which make up about 10% of the total State of Arizona Budget) and their multiple funding sources, including tuition revenues.
Arkansas        No change

                Little, if any. Economic circumstances has been, by far, the driving force. In the mid-to-late 1990s, when many long-established legislators termed out, there was
California      a shift in the philosophy from more literal interpretations of the State's the Masterplan to a more "relativist" view of student charges.
Colorado        Their has been slightly more flexibility given to Governing Boards since the state of Colorado funding has declined
Connecticut     less engaged
Delaware        no changes
                None. The popularity of the Florida Bright Futures and Pre-Paid programs continue to keep resident undergraduate tuition increases lower than increases for
Florida         other students.
Georgia         no
Hawaii          no change
Idaho           none
Illinois        Not applicable.

                Even though a republican Governor was elected in Indiana for the first time in 16 years and the Republicans enjoy a majority in both the House and Senate, the
Indiana         tuition policies and philosophy has largely been a bi-partisan effort and these changes have not had much if any effect on policies.
Iowa            Not changed.
Kansas          NA
Kentucky        NA
Louisiana       No change
Maine           No change
Maryland        no change
Massachusetts   no change
Michigan        The concept of state-mandated tuition caps was deemed a failed policy by the leaders of both Republican-led chambers. l
Minnesota       No change
Mississippi     NA
Missouri        Legislative Leadership is now concerned about tuition and has introduced tuition related legislation. Currently none have been enacted

Montana         Because of term limits the State of Montana has lost some key legislators that understood the funding and needs of the Montana University System
                The Legislative culture has remained about the same. Term limits will not take affect until after the Legislative session of 2006. We may see some changes, at
Nebraska        that time.
Nevada          None so far- changes may come about in 2006 over legislative concerns
New Hampshire   No. 2-year= chronic fiscal crises have impacted all state agencies
New Jersey      No changes
New Mexico      No apparent changes although there have been individual changes in democratic leadership.
New York         none

                 In general, the Board of Governors has exerted its authority since 1998 in setting tuition rates in a much more meaningful way than it did prior to 1998 when it left
North Carolina   decisions regarding tuition increases to the General Assembly. In most years the rates set by the Board have remained unchanged by the General Assembly.
North Dakota     no change
                 Term limits make it more difficult for higher education to explain finances and operations to state decision makers. Some legislators refuse to publicly
Ohio             acknowledge the link between declining state support and increasing tuition.
                 Within the last nine months the Legislature has undergone significant changes. The first group of term limited members have left, causing a near record number
                 of new members. Also the House has switched majority control for the first time in 80 years. Moreover, the majority in the State Senate and are from the
Oklahoma         opposite party than the House. Changes are expected but it is too soon to fairly characterize them.
                 The state fund appropriation has decreased which resulted in higher tuition. Unlike the previous years, the 2005-07 biennium tuition increase will be kept at 3% a
Oregon           year.
Pennsylvania     none
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina   The Governor and the Legislature (as well as CHE) have expressed concerns about the high tuition and fees.

South Dakota     The Legislature has always shown an interest in tuition levels but are willing to let the Board set rates as necessary to attract students or to cover costs.
Tennessee        No changes
                 Deregulation was favored by new legislative leadership; however, the budgetary shortfall in 2003 gave momentum to the change and made it more sellable to
Texas            more legislators.
Utah             no
Vermont          No change. The Governor and the Legislature are interested in, but not responsible for, tuition policies and philosophy.
Virginia         Been given more latitude in the last 10 years
Washington       Changes in legislative culture have not affected tuition policies or philosophy
West Virginia    none
Wisconsin        No significant change in legislative philosophy regarding tuition although there has been a change in legislative leadership.
Wyoming          no changes
                Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities

                Q5b. What incentives (explicit or implicit) exist at the state or institutional level to minimize tuition increases?

Alabama         None
Alaska          NA
Arizona         Political environment
Arkansas        None

                At the State level, the Masterplan and historic legislative resistance to resident tuition and fees act as barriers -- along with the heat generated by
                aggrieved students. At the institutional/systemwide level, pressure from student organizations, some parents -- and mostly legislators -- help keep the
                governing boards from increasing resident student fees too severely. California is already a very high cost of living state, thus, all parties involved are
California      hesitant for political reasons to increase student fee levels unless it's necessary -- necessary usually defined as needing more cash
                The state coordinating body reviews institutional requests for increases in spending authority and recommends a level of spending that is expected to
Colorado        minimize tuition increases

                same as 2002, but would add that there has been a recent push by the University of Connecticut Board to keep tuition increases to a minimum which may
Connecticut     or may not provide an incentive to the administration. In the past, the UConn Board has approved whatever the administration has proposed.
Delaware        none
                Bright Futures Scholarship awards, the state's merit program, are tied to tuition so every tuition increase results in an increase in the cost of this program
Florida         to the legislature. The 2002 response should have included a related comment regarding the Prepaid Tuition Program.
                The relative large share of state support (75%) serves as an incentive to minimize tuition increases. Also, the impact on the HOPE Scholarship Program is
Georgia         considered every year.
Hawaii          Commitment to maintain access
Idaho           no incentives
Illinois
Indiana         None other than the possibility of angering the General Assembly and the Governor
Iowa            The Regent Partnership for Transformation and Excellence has provided incentives to minimize tuition levels.
Kansas          none
                The KY funding model- used to develop the biennial funding recommendation- includes a provision that tuition revenue should be a certain percentage of
                public funds (defined as state general funds and tuition and fees revenue). At the public 4-year universities (excluding KY’s historically black university)
                the percentage should be 37 percent; two year community colleges and technical colleges and the 4-year historically black university should be 30
Kentucky        percent.
Louisiana       Legislative oversight
Maine           None
Maryland        none
Massachusetts   No formal incentives, but the foundation of BHE's mission is to ensure access and affordability to all MA residents.
                See above. Tuition restraint language was incorporated in the FY 04-05 state budget. State revenues declined during the year and the universities were
Michigan        subsequently cut well into the academic year.
Minnesota       Consistent longer-term funding increases (over two biennium) usually mitigate tuition increases. This has not been the case recently.
Mississippi     Access

Missouri        Level of state appropriations for the operations of the public colleges and universities and public pressure to minimize tuition charges and rate increases.
Montana         The ability to retain and attract students. Making higher education affordable for in-state students
Nebraska        none
Nevada          Student pressures
New Hampshire    None. 2 year- sensitivity to already high (among the highest) tuition rates.
                 For the 4-year public colleges and universities, language in the appropriations act provides for a reduction in state appropriations if tuition increases
New Jersey       exceed specified amounts.
New Mexico
New York         The clear public policy goal to keep higher education affordable for all New Yorkers.
                 Article IX, Section 9 of the North Carolina Constitution states that the benefits of higher education shall be provided to the citizens of the state as free of
North Carolina   expense as practicable.
                 Governing Board monitors tuition rates and citizens ability to pay through a set of accountability measures. No direct incentive, but a monitoring process
North Dakota     to alert the Board to campuses that may become too aggressive in rate setting.
Ohio             none
Oklahoma
Oregon           The General Fund will be provided to help mitigate the tuition increases.
Pennsylvania     If tuition increases are too great, it could jeopardize the following year's appropriations.
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island     NA
South Carolina   none
South Dakota     The Legislature has attempted to pass law controlling tuition increases in the past.
                 In addition to the 2002 response, the introduction of lottery-funded scholarships puts added pressure on the governing boards to keep tuition low. NOTE:
Tennessee        lottery scholarships are not linked to tuition levels, but instead are a fixed amount.
                 The negative response from state legislators to the rapid and extensive increases in university designated tuition, if they continue could lead institutions to
                 think twice before raising tuition substantially. In 2005, several legislators expressed the hope that the increases in state funding for the universities would
Texas            slow tuition increases.
Utah             The only incentive to minimize increases would be concerns over access and students' ability to pay.
Vermont          Increased enrollment
                 While there are no explicit incentives to minimize tuition increases, the authority to increase tuition in the future may be restricted or withdrawn if these
Virginia         increases are viewed as excessive.
                 The legislature is good about linking funding for the State Need Grant (state funded financial aid program for needy students) to tuition increases; this is an
                 incentive to keep tuition increases low. At the institutional level, the institutions need to be mindful of their competition when setting nonresident and
Washington       graduate/professional tuition.
                 Additional state appropriations were allocated to community & technical colleges in order help institutions maintain or reduce tuition rates for community
West Virginia    college students. The overall Higher Education Compact targets affordable tuition for all state residents.
Wisconsin        Pressure to keep tuition affordable
Wyoming          none
                Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
                Q6. Indicate which of the following tuition revenue appropriation policies are in place in your state:
                                                                                                             Tuition revenues are
                  Tuition revenues Tuition revenues are deposited                                         retained at the state level  Tuition revenues are
                 are controlled and into separate, institutionally        Tuition is appropriated and        but under the direct       deposited into state
                   retained by an   designated state tuition accounts is a direct offset of the state          control of a state     general funds, with their
                    institution or  from which all funds must be                general revenue           governing or coordinating return to higher education
                       campus       appropriated prior to expenditure.           appropriation.                      board                  only inferred         Other

Alabama                  1
Alaska                   1
Arizona                                                1
Arkansas                 1




California               1                             1                                1
Colorado                                               1
Connecticut                                                                                                                                                         1
Delaware                 1




Florida                  1                                                                                                                                          1

Georgia                  1
Hawaii                                                 1
Idaho                                                  1
Illinois
Indiana                  1
Iowa                     1

Kansas                                                                                                                                                              1
Kentucky                 1
Louisiana                1
Maine                    1
Maryland                 1
Massachusetts                                                                                                                                                       1
Michigan                 1
Minnesota                1
Mississippi              1
Missouri                 1
Montana                  1
Nebraska                 1
                                                                                                              Tuition revenues are
                  Tuition revenues    Tuition revenues are deposited                                       retained at the state level  Tuition revenues are
                 are controlled and   into separate, institutionally        Tuition is appropriated and       but under the direct       deposited into state
                   retained by an     designated state tuition accounts    is a direct offset of the state      control of a state     general funds, with their
                    institution or    from which all funds must be                general revenue          governing or coordinating return to higher education
                       campus         appropriated prior to expenditure.           appropriation.                     board                  only inferred         Other

Nevada                   1                             1                                                                                                             1
New Hampshire            1
New Jersey               1


New Mexico                                                                                                                                                           1
New York                 1
North Carolina           1                             1
North Dakota             1
Ohio                     1
Oklahoma                 1
Oregon                   1
Pennsylvania             1
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island                                                                                                                                                         1
South Carolina           1
South Dakota                                                                                                         1
Tennessee                1

Texas                    1                                                              1

Utah                                                                                                                                                                 1
Vermont                  1
Virginia                                               1
Washington               1


West Virginia                                                                                                                                                        1

Wisconsin                                                                                                                                                            1
Wyoming                  1

TOTALS                  35                             8                                2                            1                            0                 10
                                                                                               Comments

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas

                Here's an other of those tripartite California answers… For UC, fee revenues are retained for distribution by the UC Regents, per their adopted budget. For
                CSU, the fee revenues pass through the State treasury on their way back to CSU for its use. For CCCs, the fee revenues are appropriated by the State as an
                offset to that system's general fund allocations. For all three systems, these revenues are formally accounted for in the budget process; for CSU and CCC
California      these revenues are reflected in the budget bill; for UC they are not directly appropriated by the budget.
Colorado
Connecticut     Tuition revenues are retained and controlled by individual Governing Boards
Delaware

                Response for university only. For two years tuition was not appropriated. However, with the 2005-2006 appropriations bill, tuition is once again appropriated.
                Although universities collect, deposit and expend from a local account, their tuition expenditures cannot exceed the appropriated amount, unless a budget
Florida         amendment is approved by the Legislative Budget Commission giving the university additional appropriation authority.

Georgia         Tuition rates are set such that the amount of tuition revenue generates a minimum of 25%, but actual percent of revenue generated maybe as high as 31%.
Hawaii          Tuition revenues are deposited into a special fund upon which annual expenditure ceilings are authorized by the legislature.
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
                For state universities, tuition is deposited in the state treasury and appropriated without limit to the institutions; in that regard, the institutions have control over
Kansas          the use of the tuition. At all other public institutions, tuition is fully controlled at the campus
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts   Tuition revenues are remitted to the state treasury to be expended as general revenue by the legislature.
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
                                                                                                Comments
                 Student fees are divided-part going to the state supported budget where they reduce state support and part to the institution for capital needs, financial aid,
Nevada           student government and other campus or program improvements. The Board of Regents determines this division
New Hampshire    (2 year- tuition is a direct offset of the state general revenue appropriation)
New Jersey

                 Funds are appropriated for tuition based on calculated percentage increases established annually by the legislature. The state "takes credit" for these
New Mexico       increases as an offset of the state general fund appropriations. Institutional tuition increases above this percentage are retained by the institutions.
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon           Tuition revenue are retained by individual institutions but the Legislature set an expenditure limitation.
Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island     Tuition revenues are appropriated along with general revenues but is not necessarily a direct offset to general revenue appropriations.
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
                 Designated and board-authorized tuition and most fees are totally campus controlled. Statutory base tuition and laboratory fees are appropriated and a direct
Texas            offset to state general revenue.
                 Records of tuition collections are made in the State Financial system, but the tuition dollars are controlled and retained by institutions. Because of the
Utah             possibility for raising tuition revenue, sometimes the amounts of state general funds are adjusted.
Vermont
Virginia         It is possible that tuition revenues will be controlled and retained by individual institutions in the future under the new rules of reconstruction.
Washington
                 Tuition revenues are controlled and retained by the campuses for the most part. The collection and expenditure by type of tuition revenue is controlled by a
                 very detailed legislative code for most individual fee categories. Tuition revenue needed for system-wide debt service and Higher Education Policy
West Virginia    Commission support funds are assessed to the institutions by the State Policy Commission
                 Tuition revenues are deposited in the state general fund, but the University of Wisconsin has legislative authority to expend them as they are received.
Wisconsin        Spending above legislative appropriation levels, while allowed, must be reported to the state
Wyoming

TOTALS
                Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities


                Q7. The following factors may be used by various individuals/groups who set public resident undergraduate
                tuition rates in the states. Using a scale of 0 to 4, please indicate the level of influence exerted by each of the
                factors in decision-making about tuition levels in your state. If individual institutions are responsible for setting
                tuition, use your best judgment in assessing the role of each factor in the statewide aggregate.
                0 = no influence 1 = minimal influence 2 = moderate influence 3 = significant influence 4= controlling
                influence
                   Consumer Price Index          Higher Education Price       SHEEO Higher Ed Cost                                                 State per capital personal or
                            (CPI)                     Index (HEPI)              Adjustment (HECA)            Other inflation indices    Comments        disposable income
                   0      1     2    3     4     0      1     2     3    4     0      1    2     3      4    0    1      2     3   4                  0       1    2    3    4

Alabama                       1                  1                             1                            1                                                     1
Alaska            1                                                1           1                1           1                                         1

Arizona                  1                              1                      1                                                                             1
Arkansas                 1                                         1           1                            1                                                     1




California        1                                     1                      1                            1                                         1
Colorado                      1                  1                                         1                           1                              1

Connecticut                   1                              1                       1                      1                                                1
Delaware          1                              1                             1                            1                                         1


Florida                  1                       1                             1                            1                                         1
Georgia           1                              1                             1                            1                                         1

Hawaii                   1                                   1                       1                                                                            1
Idaho                    1                              1                      1                            1                                                1
Illinois                      1                              1                 1                            1                                                     1
Indiana           1                              1                             1                                                                      1
Iowa              1                                                     1      1                            1                                                1
Kansas                   1                       1                             1                            1                                                1
Kentucky                 1                              1                            1                      1                                                     1
Louisiana                     1                              1                             1                1                                                     1
Maine                         1                         1                            1                      1                                                           1
Maryland                      1                         1                      1                            1                                                1
Massachusetts     1                              1                             1                            1                                         1
Michigan                 1                                   1                       1                                                                       1
                       Consumer Price Index   Higher Education Price   SHEEO Higher Ed Cost                                                   State per capital personal or
                              (CPI)               Index (HEPI)           Adjustment (HECA)    Other inflation indices      Comments                disposable income
Minnesota                   1                        1                       1                     1                                                     1
Mississippi                 1                 1                                        1           1                                                     1
Missouri                              1                  1              1                                                                                1
Montana                     1                            1                   1                                                                                1
Nebraska               1                             1                       1                     1                                             1
Nevada                      1                        1                       1                     1                                                     1
New Hampshire                   1                        1              1                                                                                1
New Hampshire 2 year        1                        1                  1                                                                        1
New Jersey                      1                        1              1                     1                                                               1


New Mexico                  1                 1                        1                                                                                1
New York                    1                        1                 1                      1                                                         1
North Carolina                       1                        1        1                                      1                                                    1


North Dakota                1                 1                        1                      1                                                              1
Ohio                                 1        1                                  1            1                                                              1
Oklahoma               1                      1                        1                      1                                                  1
Oregon                      1                 1                        1                      1                                                  1
Pennsylvania                1                        1                      1                 1                                                         1
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island                1                        1                      1                                                                           1
South Carolina                   1                        1            1                      1                                                              1




South Dakota                     1            1                        1                      1                                                  1
                                                                                                                        Custom inflation
                                                                                                                        factors using fixed
                                                                                                                        costs, peer
Tennessee                   1                 1                             1                            1              salaries, etc.           1
Texas                            1                        1                 1                 1                                                         1
Utah                             1                        1                      1                                                                      1

Vermont                1                      1                        1                      1                                                  1
                   Consumer Price Index     Higher Education Price    SHEEO Higher Ed Cost                                            State per capital personal or
                         (CPI)                  Index (HEPI)           Adjustment (HECA)        Other inflation indices    Comments        disposable income




Virginia


Washington         1                         1                         1                        1                                        1
West Virginia            1                         1                         1                        1                                              1
Wisconsin          1                         1                         1                        1                                        1
Wyoming                  1                         1                         1                        1                                              1

TOTALS            12     22   13   3    0   19     15   12   3    1   30     15   4   2   0    30     6    2    1      0                17      18   13    2    0
Total responses                        50                        50                       51                          39                                       50
Responses          0     22   26   9    0    0     15   24   9    4    0     15   8   6   0     0     6    4    3      0                 0      18   26    6    0

Ave Response      1.14                      1.04                      0.57                     0.33                                      1

Rank
                  State general fund     Tuition charged by peer     Tuition policies of
                    appropriations              institutions         comparison states        Institutional mission         Cost of instruction              %
                0     1    2     3   4    0      1     2     3 4   0     1    2     3    4   0      1    2     3    4   0        1     2    3     4

Alabama                   1                    1                         1                         1                             1
Alaska               1                         1                         1                                    1                       1

Arizona                        1                         1         1                                    1                             1
Arkansas                  1                              1               1                              1                                   1




California                          1          1                   1                         1     1                             1
Colorado                            1               1                    1                         1                                        1

Connecticut                    1                                              1                         1                                   1         varies by sector
Delaware                       1               1                   1                               1                    1


Florida                   1                    1                         1                         1                                        1
Georgia                        1                    1              1                                    1               1

Hawaii                         1                         1                    1                               1                             1
Idaho                          1                    1                         1                    1                             1
Illinois                       1                         1                    1                               1                       1           1                33.3
Indiana                        1                    1                    1                                    1                             1
Iowa                           1               1                         1                                    1                  1
Kansas                         1                    1                         1                               1                       1
Kentucky                       1                    1                                              1                             1
Louisiana                      1                         1                    1                         1                             1
Maine                          1                         1                    1                         1                                   1
Maryland                       1                    1                    1                              1               1
Massachusetts             1              1                         1                         1                          1
Michigan                       1                    1                    1                                    1                  1
                       State general fund       Tuition charged by peer       Tuition policies of
                         appropriations                institutions           comparison states     Institutional mission       Cost of instruction          %
Minnesota                             1                       1                   1                            1                           1
Mississippi                           1                       1                   1                            1                     1
Missouri                              1                             1                  1                             1                          1                   94
Montana                               1                       1                        1                             1                                              43
Nebraska                              1                       1           1                                    1                          1                         28
Nevada                                1                             1                       1                  1            1
New Hampshire                         1                       1                        1                       1                          1           50+
New Hampshire 2 year                        1                 1                        1                             1
New Jersey                           1                        1                   1                            1                                1


New Mexico                           1                     1                           1                      1                                 1                   20
New York                             1                1                           1                           1                           1
North Carolina                       1                          1         1                                         1       1


North Dakota                         1                     1                           1                      1                           1
Ohio                                 1                     1                      1                                 1                     1                         55
Oklahoma                        1                                    1                 1                      1                      1                              37
Oregon                                      1              1                           1                            1                     1
Pennsylvania                         1                     1                      1                      1                           1
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island                         1                          1                      1                      1                           1
South Carolina                       1                     1                      1                           1                                 1                   50


                                                                                                                                                      Tuition alone
                                                                                                                                                      would be around
                                                                                                                                                      50%, your
                                                                                                                                                      definition
                                                                                                                                                      includes fees and
                                                                                                                                                      I cannot identify
                                                                                                                                                      the amount of
                                                                                                                                                      fees in Program
South Dakota                         1                     1                           1                      1                                 1     01 - Instruction




Tennessee                                   1              1                      1                           1             1
Texas                                1                     1                           1                            1                           1
Utah                            1                          1                           1                            1                     1                         35

Vermont                              1          1                         1                                         1                     1
                       State general fund   Tuition charged by peer        Tuition policies of
                         appropriations            institutions            comparison states            Institutional mission              Cost of instruction        %




Virginia                             1                                                                                                          1                         33


Washington                           1             1                           1                             1                                  1
West Virginia                        1                      1                       1                             1                                  1
Wisconsin                            1                 1                       1                                  1                             1                         50
Wyoming                              1                 1                            1                             1                                  1

TOTALS             0       1    6   39 5     2     8   27   11   1     8      19    21   1       0     2     9    24   16        0     7       12    17   13     1
Total responses                       51                         49                              49                             51                               50
Responses          0       1   12 117 20     0     8   54   33   4     0      19    42   3       0     0     9    48   48        0     0       12    34   39     4

Ave Response      2.94                      2.02                      1.31                            2.06                           1.78

Rank               1                         4                         9                               3                             8 tied
                                           Other student fees or          Availability                                Public/ media concern      Formal or informal
                  Prior year's tuition           charges             of/appropriations for    State workforce needs about the attendance cost analyses or beliefs about
                0     1    2     3     4   0    1    2     3    4   0     1    2      3   4   0    1    2    3    4   0     1    2    3   4    0     1    2     3    4

Alabama                    1                         1                         1              1                                  1                    1
Alaska                1                         1                        1                    1                             1                         1

Arizona                    1                         1                         1                   1                             1                    1
Arkansas                   1                         1                         1                        1                        1                         1




California                 1                    1                        1     1                                       1                              1    1
Colorado                         1                        1                         1                   1                             1                    1

Connecticut                1                         1                         1                        1                        1                    1
Delaware              1                         1                              1              1                        1                        1


Florida                    1                    1                              1              1                                       1         1
Georgia                    1                         1                         1                        1                        1                         1

Hawaii                     1                         1                   1                              1                        1                         1
Idaho                 1                              1                   1                         1                        1                         1
Illinois                   1                         1                         1              1                                  1                    1
Indiana                          1                        1                         1              1                        1                         1
Iowa                  1                         1                              1              1                                  1                    1
Kansas                     1                         1                         1                   1                             1                         1
Kentucky                   1                    1                        1                         1                        1                         1
Louisiana                  1                    1                        1                         1                             1                         1
Maine                            1                        1                    1              1                                       1               1
Maryland                   1                         1                         1              1                             1                         1
Massachusetts                    1                        1         1                         1                                  1                    1
Michigan              1                         1                              1                   1                             1                    1
                                                  Other student fees or         Availability                               Public/ media concern      Formal or informal
                       Prior year's tuition             charges            of/appropriations for   State workforce needs about the attendance cost analyses or beliefs about
Minnesota                       1                           1                   1                       1                        1                             1
Mississippi                           1           1                       1                        1                                       1              1
Missouri                              1                     1                        1             1                                       1                   1
Montana                         1                           1                        1                       1                        1                        1
Nebraska                                      1        1                  1                        1                             1                  1
Nevada                          1                           1                   1                       1                             1                   1
New Hampshire                   1                           1                   1                       1                             1             1
New Hampshire 2 year                  1                     1                               1                1                             1                   1
New Jersey                      1                           1                               1           1                                  1                   1


New Mexico                      1                           1                        1                  1                             1                         1
New York                        1                           1                             1                  1                        1                         1
North Carolina                        1                          1                        1                      1                         1                    1


North Dakota                    1                           1                  1                        1                             1              1
Ohio                                  1                1                             1                       1                        1                    1
Oklahoma                        1                           1                        1             1                                  1              1
Oregon                                1                          1                   1                       1                        1                         1
Pennsylvania                          1                1                                                1                             1              1
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island                    1                           1                        1                       1                        1                    1
South Carolina                  1                           1                        1                       1                        1                         1




South Dakota                    1                                1             1                   1                                  1                    1




Tennessee                       1                           1                        1             1                                  1              1
Texas                           1                           1                        1                  1                             1                    1
Utah                            1                           1                        1                       1                        1                         1

Vermont                         1                           1                        1             1                        1                              1
                                                    Other student fees or            Availability                                Public/ media concern      Formal or informal
                       Prior year's tuition               charges               of/appropriations for    State workforce needs about the attendance cost analyses or beliefs about




Virginia


Washington                      1                   1                                     1              1                                  1                          1
West Virginia                   1                              1                          1                        1                             1                1
Wisconsin                             1                   1                          1                   1                                  1               1
Wyoming                         1                              1                               1              1                             1                          1

TOTALS             0       5    32   12        1    2     12   29   7     0    3     12   28   7    0    18   16   14   1    0    3     7   31   9     0    9     22   20   0    0
Total responses                               50                         50                         50                      49                        50                        51
Responses          0       5    64   36        4    0     12   58   21    0    0     12   56   21   0    0    16   28   3    0    0     7   62   27    0    0     22   40   0    0

Ave Response      2.18                             1.82                       1.8                        1                       1.92                      1.22
                                                                                8
Rank               2                                6                         tied                                                5
                State philosophy about the A policy cap on the percentage or
                appropriate share of tuition   dollar increase for tuition         Other
                 0     1     2   3       4   0       1       2       3     4   0   1    2   3   4

Alabama                1                      1                                1
Alaska                 1                      1                                1

Arizona                1                                           1
Arkansas               1                      1




California             1    1                        1
Colorado                         1                   1

Connecticut                 1                                      1                        1
Delaware         1                            1
                                                                                                    Bright Futures Program and
                                                                                                    the Florida Prepaid
Florida                1    1                        1                                      1       Scholarship program
Georgia          1                            1

Hawaii           1                            1
Idaho                  1                                           1
Illinois         1                            1
Indiana                1                             1
Iowa                        1                 1
Kansas                 1                      1
Kentucky               1                      1
Louisiana                   1                               1
Maine            1                            1
Maryland               1                      1
Massachusetts    1                            1
Michigan               1                                    1
                       State philosophy about the A policy cap on the percentage or
                       appropriate share of tuition   dollar increase for tuition     Other
Minnesota                           1                                       1
Mississippi                   1                     1
Missouri                      1                                     1
Montana                             1               1
Nebraska                      1                     1
Nevada                              1               1
New Hampshire           1                                   1
New Hampshire 2 year          1                     1
New Jersey                    1                                             1


New Mexico                         1                        1
New York                                1            1
North Carolina                          1            1


North Dakota                  1                      1
Ohio                          1                                           1
Oklahoma                           1                 1
Oregon                             1                               1
Pennsylvania            1                                          1
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island                  1                                           1
South Carolina                     1                               1




South Dakota                  1                      1




Tennessee               1                            1
Texas                         1                      1
Utah                               1                 1

Vermont                       1                      1
                  State philosophy about the A policy cap on the percentage or
                  appropriate share of tuition   dollar increase for tuition           Other

                                                                                                       Cost of instruction is based
                                                                                                       on Base Adequacy
Virginia                                                                                               Operating Guidelines

                                                                                                       Legislative desire to
Washington               1                      1                                              1       minimize tax/fee increases
West Virginia                 1                                      1
Wisconsin                     1                 1
Wyoming                  1                      1

TOTALS             9     25   15   3     0     30      6      6      8      0    2     0   0   3   0
Total responses                         52                                 50                      5
Responses          0     25   30   9     0      0      6     12     24      0    0     0   0   9   0

Ave Response      1.23                        0.84                               1.8

Rank                                                                             7
                                                                                                   Comments


Alabama
Alaska
                r: Current Board policy states the goal for resident UG tuition reach the top of the lower 1/3 of resident UG tuition rates at the senior public institutions in the other 49
Arizona         states.
Arkansas        One more time. . . Inflation indices (a), (b) and other states' polices/practices (g), (h) are used as after-the-fact rationales, on occasion, and not as determinants in fee
                setting. The availability of State General Funds is THE driving force in whatever levels of fees are finally agreed upon (f). During economic recessions, we turn to cos
                of instruction methodologies and calculations (j) or discussions of public/private benefit (q) to justify our substantial increases in fee levels. (j) varies by system and
                there is no formally agree-upon % for each system; generally, currently, UC fees = 30 - 35% c.o.i, CSU fees = 20 - 25% c.o.io, and CCC fees = 7 - 9% c.o.i. Since
                (practically speaking) California's focus is usually on year-to-year changes, prior year's levels (k) -- and how we got there -- always play a key role in annual tution /fee
                determinations. (l), (m), (n), and (o) play middling roles in the annual debate, only playing a key role if they flare up as issue areas on their own, though financial aid
                levels and funding has since 2000 been partially tied to increases in fees -- fees plays a formulaic role in the levels of financial aid funding. (p) and (q) again only facto
                in as rationales, not drivers, of the fee setting discussion and dollar caps (r) are only informal, and generally the by-product of a political discussion, not a public policy
California      determination.
Colorado
                Board policy limits annual tuition increases to 15%. Institutions have been asking for increases beyond inflation to cover collective bargaining costs, add programs an
Connecticut     make "quality" enhancements.
Delaware


Florida         State philosophy about the appropriate share - the university system feels that this is of minimal influence, the community colleges, moderate.
Georgia
                m. With the exception of a small state higher education loan program, there are no other state appropriations for need-based financial aid. q.There is no state
Hawaii          philosophy on students vs. state share of tuition costs.
Idaho
Illinois        Community college tuition may not exceed 1/3 of per-capita costs (non-capital expenditures per FTE).
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan        R = when in place, tuition caps ARE the controlling influence
                                                                                                        Comments
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Hampshire 2 year
New Jersey
                       l. Individual institutions have reduced fees or used other than state revenues to pay the fees. There is a concern that institutions could reduce fees while increasing
                       tuitions. Since lottery revenues provide approximately $30 million annually for scholarships. A reduction in fees with increases in tuition would shift in revenue sources
New Mexico             the greater benefit of the institutions.
New York
North Carolina
                       Regarding "q" (state philosophy about the appropriate share of tuition costs to be borne by the students vs. the state), the long term finance plan does include a
                       targeted state/student share ratio for each institution. However, as was previously indicated, progress towards achieving these targets has not been possible as the
North Dakota           students are picking up more of the unfunded state share during times of hold-even or decreasing state appropriations.
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina         SC has not implemented a cap on tuition increases but individual legislators have discussed it.




South Dakota




Tennessee
Texas                  Many institutions cited the need for faculty salary increases and the need to recruit more faculty as a reason for increasing tuition.
Utah
                       Tuition is framed in the context of on going budget requirements together with the impact of total cost of attendance, related to market impact and implications for
Vermont                financial aid.
                                                                                                   Comments




Virginia


Washington        3= Keeping the state's prepaid college tuition program financially sound. Tuition as a percent of the cost of instruction varies by sector.
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

TOTALS
Total responses
Responses

Ave Response

Rank
                 Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
                 Q8. Of the list in (Q7), please indicate the three most influential factors in setting resident tuition rates in your state over the
                 past three fiscal years.
                                       1st most influential factor                                             2nd most influential factor                       3rd most influentia
                  a b c d e f            g h I         j    k l m n o p q             r s a b c d e f g                 h     I j k l m n o p q r s a b c   d e f g h I j
Alabama                        1                                                                              1
Alaska                1                                                                                                           1                              1
Arizona                             1                                                                             1
Arkansas              1                                                                                                           1                                  1
California                          1                                                                                                             1
Colorado                                                    1                                                                                       1
Connecticut                         1                                                                                                                 1
Delaware                            1
Florida                                                                                  1                                        1
Georgia                             1                                                                                        1                                       1
Hawaii                              1                                                                             1                                                          1
Idaho                                                                                1                        1                                                      1
Illinois                            1                                                                             1                                                          1
Indiana                             1                                                                                             1                                          1
Iowa                                1                                                             1                                                                          1
Kansas                                           1                                                            1
Kentucky                            1                                                                             1
Louisiana                                1                                                                    1                                                              1
Maine                               1                                                                      1                                                                     1
Maryland                            1                                                                                               1
Massachusetts                                               1                                                                1                                   1
Michigan                            1                                                                             1                                     1
Minnesota                           1                                                                                                                 1
Mississippi              1                                                                                    1
Missouri                            1                                                                             1
Montana                             1                                                                             1                                                          1
Nebraska                            1                                                                             1
Nevada                              1                                                                             1                                                      1
New Hampshire                       1                                                                                               1                                1
NH- 2 year                                                                                                                          1                                1
New Jersey                                                                           1                        1
New Mexico                          1                                                                                             1
New York                            1                                                                                                        1                       1
North Carolina                      1                                                                                                        1                               1
North Dakota                        1                                                                                   1                                                        1
Ohio                                                                                 1                        1                                                              1
Oklahoma                            1                                                                             1                                                          1
Oregon                              1                                                                                        1
Pennsylvania                        1                                                                                               1
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island                                                                      1                       1                                                1
South Carolina                         1                                                      1
South Dakota                           1                                                                              1
Tennessee                              1                                                          1                                                                1
Texas                                  1                                                                                  1                                            1
Utah                  1                                                                               1                                                            1
Vermont                                1                                                                          1
Virginia                               1                                                                              1
Washington                             1                                                                                              1
West Virginia                          1                                                                                              1
Wisconsin                              1                                                                                  1                                    1
Wyoming                                1                                                                                          1


                      a   b c d e f         g    h   I   j    k   l m n o p   q   r   s   a   b c d e f g     h   I   j k     l   m n o p q r s a b c   d e f g h I j
TOTALS                1   2 1 0 1 36        1    0   1   0    2   0 0 0 0 0   0   4   1   0   2 0 1 1 8 11    1   4   7 6     0   3 0 3 1 0 2 0 1 0 0   0 0 3 7 1 11 3

 Total appearances 2      4 1 1 2 47       19    2 16    10   16 3 4 1 7 1    1   9   4
        in top three

                 a.       Consumer Price Index (CPI)
                 b.       Higher Education Price Index (HEPI)
                 c.       SHEEO Higher Education Cost
                 d.       Other inflation indices.
                 e. State per capita personal or disposable income
                 f.       State general fund appropriations
                 g.       Tuition charged by peer institutions
                 h.       Tuition policies of comparison states
                 i.       Institutional mission
                 j.       Cost of instruction
                 k.       Prior year's tuition
                 l.       Other student fees or charges
                 m.       Availability of/appropriations for financial aid
                 n.       State workforce needs
                 o.       Public/ media concern about the attendance cost of
                 p.       Formal or informal analyses or beliefs about the
                 q.       State philosophy about the appropriate share of tuition
                 r.       A policy cap on the percentage or dollar increase for tuition
                 s.       Other (please describe):
         3rd most influential factor                     Comments
                        k l m n o        p   q   r   s
Alabama                              1
Alaska
Arizona                                          1
Arkansas
California                                           1
Colorado                                         1
Connecticut                                          1
Delaware
Florida                              1
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas                           1
Kentucky               1
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland                   1
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota              1
Mississippi            1
Missouri               1
Montana
Nebraska               1
Nevada
New Hampshire
NH- 2 year
New Jersey                           1
New Mexico                                   1
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon                 1
Pennsylvania                         1
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina         1
South Dakota               1
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont                    1
Virginia                       1
Washington                                     1 g- amount of state support, p - affordability, other - general political desire to keep fee increases low
West Virginia                              1
Wisconsin
Wyoming                1


                       k l m n o   p   q   r s
TOTALS                 8 3 1 1 4   0   1   3 3

 Total appearances
        in top three
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
NH- 2 year
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming




TOTALS

 Total appearances
        in top three
                 Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
                 Q9. Has there been a curb, cap, freeze or other limit placed on tuition at any time in your state in the past three fiscal years?

                  No    Yes                                                                            Comments

Alabama            1
Alaska             1
Arizona            1
Arkansas           1
California         1          BUT, in a compact agreed to between our Governor and UC and CSU, resident undergraduate fees are to rise only an average of 10% a year from 2005-
                              06 through 2007-08. However, this compact does not trump the annual budget process and since the Legislature is not a party to it, we cannot consider
                              it to be an official policy that acts as a cap or limit.
Colorado                 1    The Commission on Higher Education negotiated what were considered tuition increase maximum increases over the prior years
Connecticut        1          Governor did propose a tuition freeze for FY 2006, with no additional appropriation to offset revenue loss. She recommended that surplus funds and/or
                              reductions in spending be used to cover loss. Plan was rejected by the Legislature.
Delaware           1
Florida            1
Georgia            1
Hawaii             1
Idaho                    1    Board policy continues to limit fee increases to 10% unless prior approval to exceed the limit is granted from the Board.
Illinois                 1    No curb, cap, or freeze; a limit only insofar as truth-in-tuition serves as a limit.
Indiana            1
Iowa               1
Kansas             1
Kentucky           1
Louisiana                1
Maine              1
Maryland           1
Massachusetts      1
Michigan                 1    Explained above.
Minnesota                1    Board of Trustees of the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities capped tuition at 7% for the 32 colleges and universities in the system for FY2006.

Mississippi              1    Governing Board
Missouri                 1    A few institutions governing boards have chosen to limit tuition increases based on internal policies
Montana                  1
Nebraska           1
Nevada             1
New Hampshire      1
New Jersey               1    Academic year 2005 tuition was "capped" at 8% and fee increases can not include shifts from other institutional resources
New Mexico         1
New York           1
North Carolina           1    For the 2005-06 year, the Board did not consider tuition increases for resident undergraduate students.
North Dakota       1
Ohio                     1    The state had imposed an annual 6% cap on increases in in-state undergraduate tuition and mandatory fees during the 1990s. The cap was lifted
                              beginning in FY 2002, but caps were reimposed beginning in FY 2004.
Oklahoma              1    Formulaic caps have been placed in statutes based upon other states' and peer institutions' activity
Oregon                1    The Legislature put a cap on the undergraduate tuition increase to not more than 3% over the previous year. State General fund will be provided to help
                           mitigate the tuition increases.
Pennsylvania     1
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island     1
South Carolina        1    The Legislature implemented the cap. It is not now in place but there are discussion about it. Not sure if it will be the same as 2002-2003 (below).

South Dakota     1
Tennessee        1
Texas            1    1    No for designated tuition; yes for statutory base tuition (fall 2005 it will rise to $50/hour where it will remain in the future unless changed by the
                           legislature).
Utah                  1    During the 2004 Legislative Session, the Legislature reversed the actions taken by the State Board of Regents regarding tuition percentage increase for
                           FY 2004-05 only. The Board of Regents originally approved a 4.5% first tier tuition increase (4% to cover the legislative share of the compensation
                           package and .5% of to contribute to student financial aid) and a range of second tier tuition increases. The legislature reduced the allowable increase of
                           first tier tuition to 3% mandating that no percentage amount should be set aside for student aid and capped the allowable second tier tuition levels for
                           each USHE institution. The second tier tuition percentage increase limits were University of Utah 7%, Utah State University 6%, Weber State University
                           7%, Southern Utah University 8%, Snow College 6%, Dixie State College 5%, College of Eastern Utah 5%, Utah Valley State College 11.5%, and Salt
                           Lake Community College 5%.

Vermont          1
Virginia         1         Not in last 3 years
Washington       1
West Virginia         1    Statutory cap on tuition and fee increases enacted in 2003.
Wisconsin        1
Wyoming          1

TOTALS           33   18
                Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
                Q10. As an alternative to raising tuition, have individual institutions or state offices responded with attempts to reduce costs (e.g., eliminating programs,
                freezing new hires, delaying capital outlay projects, etc.)?

                 No       Yes                                                                       Comments
Alabama                      1 Each institution has handled it in a different fashion but some of the things that have been done are elimination of programs, no salary
                               increases for existing staff, freezes on hiring new staff and replacement of staff who leave, delays on deferred maintenance and other capital
                               projects
Alaska                1
Arizona               1
Arkansas                     1
California                   1 Nearly all of the above have been done in addition to raising student fees during each of the past 3 economic recessions
Colorado                     1
Connecticut           1        not explicitly
Delaware              1
Florida               1
Georgia               1
Hawaii                1
Idaho                        1 Some institutions have eliminated programs, frozen new hires, limited to a degree enrollment, and all have delayed capital outlay projects

Illinois
Indiana                      1 Individual institutions report to having taken many steps to reduce costs and keep tuition low. Those steps include: freezing or delaying hires,
                               consolidating purchasing, delaying capital repairs & maintenance, eliminating low demand programs, consolidating health care & prescription
                               plans.
Iowa                         1 The Regents directed the implementation of administrative efficiencies and other cost containment measures.
Kansas                1
Kentucky                     1 Institutions have implemented various cost saving initiatives involving energy, personnel reductions, and reorganization and consolidation.

Louisiana             1
Maine                        1 -workforce reduction thru attrition and deferred maintenance
Maryland                     1 Institutions have been under hiring freezes, reduced faculty and staff levels, and implemented efficiency initiatives to find more cost reducing
                               activities.
Massachusetts                1 Anecdotal evidence that physical plant maintenance projects were deferred.
Michigan                     1 Dozens of examples could be cited. 2,500 workforce reduction across the fifteen universities. Many operational efficiencies instituted. The
                               schools have also created multiple group purchasing consortiums for things such as energy/utilizes and health care.

Minnesota                    1 Each college and university reallocates funds to cover compensation and other increases not covered by projected revenue.
Mississippi                  1 All of the above
Missouri                     1 Institutions have reduced costs by eliminating programs, holding positions vacant, expanding class sizes and consolidating departments. This
                               was done not only to become more efficient but also to minimize tuition increases
Montana                      1 Because of restructuring our educational units under 2 flagship campuses, the system has come up with different ways of savings and
                               efficiencies.
Nebraska              1
Nevada                       1 Annual efficiencies are renewed by Board of Regents
New Hampshire          1 Reduction in USNH costs is ongoing expectation of Board, and have used Separation Incentive Plans to reduce staffing and significantly
                         shifted benefit costs to employees in recent years. 2 year- declining public support combined with rising enrollments and salary increases
                         negotiated for all state employees have resulted in double digit increases despite also instituting cost saving measures enumerated above.

New Jersey             1 Individual institutions have implemented various "cost savings" cost control measures, but not directly tied to minimizing tuition increases.

New Mexico             1 Limiting faculty and staff salary increases. Attempts to reduce health care costs.
New York
North Carolina         1
North Dakota      1
Ohio                   1 Legislative and Regents interest in cost containment and operational efficiency was high in the most recent budget deliberations. With the help
                         of state colleges and universities, the Regents produced the first 'Results through Productivity' report and shared the results of that report
                         widely. A copy of that report has been sent separately to SHEEO.
Oklahoma               1 Budget cuts in FY04 led to tuition increases in order to balance budgets. To minimize the tuition increases and still maintain a standard of
                         excellence, institutions reduced their operational budgets in every functional area and continue to demonstrate their commitment to cost-
                         effective operations.
Oregon                 1 no salary increase, no out-of-state travel, freezing new hires in the 2003-05 biennium.
Pennsylvania           1 Increasing University efficiencies is an integral part of the budget process. Each year, the public 4-year Universities that are part of PASSHE
                         are required to reduce costs through all of the above-mentioned methods, as well as through collaboratively providing academic and
                         administrative services where possible.
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island           1 all items cited
South Carolina    1
South Dakota           1 Not all needed increases have been covered with increases and the result is that the universities have had to control costs in many ways
                         including not offering services.
Tennessee              1 State appropriations have barely kept pace with inflation over a 10-12 year period, so cost reduction is well-practiced and well established here.

Texas                  1 Occasional wage and hiring freezes, postponed capitol outlay, postponed addition of or expansion of degree programs
Utah                   1 Each institution has attempted to reduce costs on respective campuses in order to minimize raising tuition. Institutions have delayed capital
                         outlay projects as a result of limited state funds and the desire not to have students shoulder the costs of opening new facilities. Institutions
                         have reduced the number of course offerings available to students and have delayed hiring additional contract faculty. Through these efforts
                         USHE institutions have managed to reduce the overall tuition increases that students are asked to incur. However in the state of Utah,
                         Legislative policy mandates that higher education institutions contribute a percentage of revenues to the legislatively approved compensation
                         package which requires an automatic tuition increase each year to cover the additional expenses.

Vermont           1
Virginia          1
Washington        1
West Virginia          1 Various attempts to reduce cost
Wisconsin              1 State mandated administrative reductions have limited our ability to offset tuition increases ($60M in FY04 and $30M in FY05 of cuts not offset
                         by tuition increases).
Wyoming           1

TOTALS           16   32
                Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
                Q11. Does your state have a policy linking a portion of revenue from tuition increases to student financial aid?

                                               Specific type
                 No    Yes      What %           of aid?                                                        Comments

Alabama            1
Alaska                   1               1%    need-based   For Tuition Assistance Grants (TAG, need based aid)
Arizona                  1                14   need-based
Arkansas                 1 Max. = 30% of       Academic and A Cap on Academic & Performance Scholarships
                           Tuition and Fee     Performance
                           Income
California               1 Down to 25%         Yes, only to    This is an informal policy that has been backed into as part of fee-raising discussions (i.e., "how much
                           from 33.3%          the state's     financial aid money do we need to cover this fee increase?"). From the 1980s through the early 2000s, the
                                               need-based      general percentage agreed to was one third (33.3%). That is, one third of new fee revenues would be
                                               aid program,    devoted -- at the systemwide level -- to institutionally-based student financial aid. For the just-prior and
                                               the Cal Grant   current fiscal years, this percentage has been lowered to around a quarter (25%).
                                               program

Colorado                 1                 20 need-based
Connecticut              1                 15 need-based       long-standing policy requires constituent units to set aside 15% of tuition revenue for need-based financial
                                                               aid.
Delaware           1
Florida                  1                  5 75% must be Statute imposes up to a 5% financial aid fee. As tuition increases, so does the amount of the financial aid
                                              used for need fee.
                                              based aid.

Georgia            1
Hawaii                   1 15-20               need-based
Idaho              1
Illinois           1
Indiana            1
Iowa                     1 min 15%             no
Kansas             1
Kentucky           1
Louisiana                1                  5 need-based       BOR policy provides that 5% of any new revenue attributable to tuition increases must be used for need-
                                                               based financial assistance
Maine              1
Maryland           1
Massachusetts      1
Michigan           1
Minnesota          1
Mississippi        1
Missouri           1
Montana            1
Nebraska          1
Nevada            1
New Hampshire     1
New Jersey        1
New Mexico        1
New York               1                                  Both SUNY and CUNY are involved in ongoing assessment of costs and ways in which costs can be
                                                          contained
North Carolina         1                                  Campuses set aside funds from campus-based tuition increases to meet the needs of their students on
                                                          financial aid. The General Assembly has provided funds ($47 million last year) in response to a new
                                                          financial aid program of the Board of Governors for North Carolina resident students.

North Dakota      1
Ohio              1        up to 3.0%      need-based     Policy was in effect in FY 2004 and FY 2005. Campuses were permitted to increase resident undergraduate
                                                          fees up to 3.0% per year (in addition to a base 6.0% increase) if they used the revenues for need-based aid
                                                          or technology improvements for undergrads.
Oklahoma          1
Oregon            1
Pennsylvania      1
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island           1 same rate of increase
South Carolina    1
South Dakota      1
Tennessee         1
Texas                                      institution and type of Public Education Grants (TPEG): B-on-Timeall statutorynot need based at all colleges and
                                                            Texas tuition is need based -- campus, applies to Loans are tuition collected
                       1 TPEG -- varies by TPEG -- need-based aid, DT 3% to 20%; DTon 20%
                                                            universities; percentage varies by type of institution and whether tuition is resident or non-resident).
                                                            Designated tuition (DT): 15% of the amount charged in excess of $46/hour collected from university
                                                            undergraduates remains on campus to fund financial aid; 5% is deposited for the Coordinating Board to use
                                                            for the B-on-Time Loan Program (which provides zero interest loans to undergraduate students; if a student
                                                            graduates "on time" with a "B" average the loan is forgiven).
Utah              1                                       In 2002 and 2003, the Board of Regents had implemented a tuition practice which allocated .5% of the
                                                          approved increases to be set aside as need-based student financial aid, however students and the
                                                          Legislature have since indicated that this should no longer be included in tuition increases and in 2004 the
                                                          practice was ended.
Vermont           1
Virginia          1                                       But institutions are encouraged to put money toward financial aid
Washington             1                3.5 need-based    Formally: 3.5% of all tuition collections are reserved by institutions for financial aid; Informally: The
                                                          legislature links funding for need-based financial aid and tuition increases and has reduced state
                                                          appropriations to institutions by a share of their tuition increase so to fully fund the financial aid programs

West Virginia     1
Wisconsin         1
Wyoming           1

TOTALS           35   15
              Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
              Q12a. Differential tuition results when groups or individuals pay different tuition rates based on certain criteria,
              such as level of study, major, etc. Indicate if each of the following types of differential tuition is used for resident
              undergraduate students at public colleges and universities in your state. If responses differ by sector, please
              indicate in item 12b.
                Lower      Programmatic Credit/          In-         On-site or      Credit hours beyond Cohort-based Other                                     Comments
               division/ (varies by major non- district/out-         classroom        a specific number tuition (Fixed rate
                Upper        or course)     credit of-district          based         (e.g., credit hours       for a cohort of
               division                              (two-year     instruction/off-     above 140 are               entering
                                                      schools     site or distance charged at a higher           freshman for
                                                        only)        education                rate)            some specified
                                                                                                               period of time)
Alabama           1             1              1                          1                    1                                  1      Instituions set their own tutiion policies so not all of
                                                                                                                                         the items marked above are used by all institutions

Alaska            1
Arizona                         1
Arkansas                        1              1          1
California                                                                                     1                                         The UC and CSU, under pressure from the
                                                                                                                                         Governor, are developing policies for students who
                                                                                                                                         accumulate what we label "excess units." These are
                                                                                                                                         students who have accumulated far more credit units
                                                                                                                                         than are needed to graduate. The policies (drafts
                                                                                                                                         we've seen) are full of waivers and exceptions, and
                                                                                                                                         can be handled on a case-by-case basis, but
                                                                                                                                         generally result in students having to pay the full cost
                                                                                                                                         of instruction for any units they pursue after they
                                                                                                                                         have reached a certain threshhold of units. We think
                                                                                                                                         the threshhold is (for UC) and will be (for CSU) 110
                                                                                                                                         percent of the units needed in the specific major the
                                                                                                                                         student is seeking a baccalaureate degree in.



Colorado          1             1                         1                                    1
Connecticut                                    1                          1                                                       1      Programmatic differentiation is not permitted at the
                                                                                                                                         undergraduate level. However, in recent years,
                                                                                                                                         institutions have been getting more creative in
                                                                                                                                         getting around this policy by adding other fees to
                                                                                                                                         high cost programs such as laptop and lab fees.

Delaware                                       1
                  Lower     Programmatic Credit/       In-        On-site or    Credit hours beyond Cohort-based Other                          Comments
                 division/ (varies by major non- district/out-    classroom      a specific number tuition (Fixed rate
                  Upper       or course)    credit of-district      based        (e.g., credit hours  for a cohort of
                 division                          (two-year   instruction/off-    above 140 are          entering
                                                    schools    site or distance charged at a higher    freshman for
                                                      only)       education              rate)       some specified
                                                                                                     period of time)
Florida             1                       1                      1                                              1      Lower Division/Upper Division question:
                                                                                                                         baccaulreate degrees now in community colleges
                                                                                                                         and distance learning. On-site or classroom based
                                                                                                                         instruction question: State Universities charge
                                                                                                                         different tuition for distance learning courses.

Georgia                         1           1                      1                                              1      Variable tuition by institution sector, i.e. research
                                                                                                                         universities, state universites, and two-year colleges

Hawaii              1           1           1
Idaho                                       1         1            1                 1
Illinois                        1           1         1            1                 1                 1
Indiana             1           1           1                      1                                   1
Iowa
Kansas                          1                     1            1
Kentucky            1           1                                  1
Louisiana
Maine                                       1
Maryland            1                       1         1
Massachusetts
Michigan            1                                              1
Minnesota                       1           1                      1
Mississippi                     1           1                      1
Missouri                        1           1         1            1
Montana             1           1           1         1            1
Nebraska                                    1                      1                                              1      The University is considering implementation of
                                                                                                                         differential tuition for certain groups of students, but
                                                                                                                         no action has occurred on this change.
Nevada              1                       1         1            1
New Hampshire                   1           1                                                                            2 year- only credit/ noncredit

New Jersey          1           1           1         1
New Mexico          1                       1         1            1
New York                                    1                                                                     1      SUNY and CUNY have different tuition rates,
                                                                                                                         recommended by their Boards of Trustees and
                                                                                                                         approved by the Governor and Legislature.
North Carolina                              1                                        1
North Dakota                    1           1                      1                 1
Ohio                1           1           1         1                                                1
                  Lower     Programmatic Credit/       In-        On-site or    Credit hours beyond Cohort-based Other                         Comments
                 division/ (varies by major non- district/out-    classroom      a specific number tuition (Fixed rate
                  Upper       or course)    credit of-district      based        (e.g., credit hours  for a cohort of
                 division                          (two-year   instruction/off-    above 140 are          entering
                                                    schools    site or distance charged at a higher    freshman for
                                                      only)       education              rate)       some specified
                                                                                                     period of time)
Oklahoma            1                                                                                             1      Differentiated tuition rates exist only at Ardmore
                                                                                                                         Higher Education Center and OSU Technical Branch
                                                                                                                         in Okmulgee. All other Oklahoma public higher
                                                                                                                         education institutions have moved to a single rate for
                                                                                                                         undergraduate tuition. Several institutions provide
                                                                                                                         specialized degree programs, for example nursing,
                                                                                                                         for which differentiated tuition rates are charged.

Oregon                                                                                                            1      elimination of tuition plateau and tuition is charged
                                                                                                                         per credit hour.
Pennsylvania        1           1           1         1            1                 1                 1                 Tuition at the public state-owned Universities
                                                                                                                         (PASSHE) varies by credit/non-credit, and if number
                                                                                                                         of credits in one semester exceed 18. Tuition at the
                                                                                                                         largest state-related universities also varies by
                                                                                                                         cohort, division, program, distance ed, etc.

Puerto Rico
Rhode Island                                1
South Carolina                  1           1         1            1                 1                                   Several institutions charge extra for students enrolled
                                                                                                                         for 18 hours or more.
South Dakota                    1                                  1
Tennessee                       1           1                      1
Texas                           1           1         1            1                 1                                   More universities are exploring a flat or block rate
                                                                                                                         tuition policy as an incentive to increase timely
                                                                                                                         progression and degree completion; the statute that
                                                                                                                         deregulated designated tuition encouraged
                                                                                                                         institutions to explore differential tuition.

Utah                1           1           1                      1                 1                 1          1      There is a Regent policy that creates a tuition
                                                                                                                         surcharge for students who repeat a class more than
                                                                                                                         one time. Also first time freshman are charged a
                                                                                                                         higher rate at Utah State University.

Vermont                                                                                                           1      Credit hour cost is the same, tuition differentials
                                                                                                                         develop based on the length and intenisty of
                                                                                                                         programs resulting in more credit hours
Virginia                        1           1                      1
                 Lower     Programmatic Credit/       In-        On-site or    Credit hours beyond Cohort-based Other                         Comments
                division/ (varies by major non- district/out-    classroom      a specific number tuition (Fixed rate
                 Upper       or course)    credit of-district      based        (e.g., credit hours  for a cohort of
                division                          (two-year   instruction/off-    above 140 are          entering
                                                   schools    site or distance charged at a higher    freshman for
                                                     only)       education              rate)       some specified
                                                                                                    period of time)
Washington                                 1                                                                            The 2002 response to "programmatic" may be a
                                                                                                                        reference to graduate and professional program
                                                                                                                        tuition varying by major or program. Higher tuition is
                                                                                                                        charged to students taking in excess of 18 credits
                                                                                                                        per quarter or semester.
West Virginia                  1           1                      1
Wisconsin                      1           1                      1                 1                            1      Tri-state initiative at UW-Platteville for Iowa and
                                                                                                                        Illinois residents in high demand programs for
                                                                                                                        workforce development in the area.
Wyoming                        1           1         1            1

TOTALS            17           28          36       16            28                12                5          11
                 Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
                 Q12b. Please describe how the responses above differ for two-year institutions in your state.


Alabama          no upper division difference, each institution can set its own policy
Alaska           NA
Arizona          unknown
Arkansas         ???
California       CCCs are not pursuing such a policy and given that California's community colleges are truly open access, it would be a nightmare for them to implement
                 one
Colorado         Two year institutions are on a credit hour tuition rate
Connecticut      Community Colleges instituted a new excess credit fee effective with the fall 2005.
Delaware
Florida
Georgia          NA
Hawaii           Tuition is based entirely on credit hours.
Idaho            The two-year institutions have different fees for in-district/out-of-district only for resident students.
Illinois         Community colleges may charge variable rates as long as they do not exceed 1/3 of the per capita cost (non-capital expenditures divided by FTE).

Indiana          Only Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana (Indiana's statewide community college system) has a single tuition price for all students.
Iowa             Uncertain about 2 year colleges, each has own local board.
Kansas           same
Kentucky         Two year institution charge a per credit hour rate. Four year institutions charge the same amount to students taking 12 credit hours or more in a semester.

Louisiana        none
Maine
Maryland         same
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi      NA
Missouri         They do not differ
Montana          Only our 3 Community Colleges offer in-district versus out-of-districts tuition rates to Montana Residents
Nebraska         No difference. Community colleges have some different pricing for some technical programs depending on the cost of the program, but it is not true
                 differential tuition.
Nevada           NA
New Hampshire
New Jersey       The two-year institutions do not differentiate between "lower division/upper division" and they do have a "Credit/Non-credit" differential.
New Mexico
New York         the tuition is lower for the community colleges for both SUNY and CUNY
North Carolina   No difference
North Dakota
Ohio             See # 12 a
Oklahoma
Oregon           Do not know
Pennsylvania     Community colleges charge different rates for in-district/out-of-district and credit/non-credit. Individual community colleges may have other differences in how
                 they charge tuition as well.
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina   All except the credit hours above a specific number apply for two year institutions.
South Dakota     The Board does not govern any two-year institutions. South Dakota has no community college system.
Tennessee
Texas            The statute mandates a minimum tuition charge. The Legislature in 2005 provided community colleges with the ability to offer differential tuition by program
                 for the first time.
Utah             Two-year and four-year institutions are treated similarly with respect to tuition setting policies.
Vermont          NA
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia    Does not differ
Wisconsin
Wyoming          No upper division at 2-year institutions. For community colleges, programmatic only (varies by major or course).
              Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
              Q13. Resident Undergraduate Block Tuition: Indicate which of the following
              practices exist within your state.

                  Tuition is set per credit hour
               regardless of how many credits the     Tuition is set at a flat rate for full-time                                          A per credit surcharge is imposed at or
                        student is taking                             students.                                                           above a specific number of credit hours.
              Statewide Varies by         Varies by Statewide Varies by              Varies by                                            Statewide      Varies by     Varies by
                policy        sector      institution  policy        sector      institution within                                         policy        sector       institution
                                        within sector                                  sector                                                                         within sector

Alabama                         1             1                           1              1                                                                  1              1
Alaska            1
Arizona                         1                                         1

Arkansas                                      1                                          1                                                                                 1


California                                                  1                                         6.1 units
Colorado                        1                                         1
Connecticut                                                 1                                                                                               1


Delaware                                                    1                                         12+
Florida           1
Georgia                                                     1                                         12+
Hawaii                          1                                         1                           12 or more
Idaho                                                                                    1                                       19-Sep                                    1
Illinois                                      1                                          1
Indiana                                       1                                          1
Iowa                                                                      1                           At the Regent universities, 12
                                                                                                      hours per semester is
                                                                                                      considered full time enrollment.
                                                                                                      Twelve or more hours are
                                                                                                      covered by the full time tuition.
                                                                                                      Believe that 2 yr colleges are
                                                                                                      per hour charges.

Kansas            1
Kentucky                                      1                                          1                                                                                 1
Louisiana                                                                                             Although no explicit statewide
                                                                                                      policy exists on this, practice
                                                                                                      has been that all institutions
                                                                                                      have full-time tuition rates at a
                                                                                                      level of 12 semester credit
                                                                                                      hours
                     Tuition is set per credit hour
                  regardless of how many credits the     Tuition is set at a flat rate for full-time                                        A per credit surcharge is imposed at or
                           student is taking                             students.                                                         above a specific number of credit hours.
                 Statewide Varies by         Varies by Statewide Varies by              Varies by                                          Statewide      Varies by     Varies by
                   policy        sector      institution  policy        sector      institution within                                       policy        sector       institution
                                           within sector                                  sector                                                                       within sector

Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts        1
Michigan                                         1                                          1
Minnesota                                                                    1              1
Mississippi                                                    1
Missouri                                         1                                          1
Montana              1                                                       1                           12 to 18                                            1
Nebraska
Nevada               1
New Hampshire        1                                                       1                           12 or more

New Jersey                                                                                  1
New Mexico                                       1                           1                                                        12                                    1
New York                                                       1                                         12 or more credits per semester
                                                                                                         is considered full time

North Carolina                                                 1                                                                               1
North Dakota                                     1                                          1                                        12                                     1
Ohio                                             1                                          1                                                                               1
Oklahoma             1
Oregon                                           1
Pennsylvania                       1                                         1                           12-18 for PASSHE and most                           1
                                                                                                         state-related
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island                                                   1
South Carolina                                                                              1            up to 18                                                           1
South Dakota         1
Tennessee                                                      1                                                                     12
Texas                                            1                           1              1
Utah                                             1                                          1            10-20 hours                                                        1
                    Tuition is set per credit hour
                 regardless of how many credits the     Tuition is set at a flat rate for full-time                      A per credit surcharge is imposed at or
                          student is taking                             students.                                       above a specific number of credit hours.
                Statewide Varies by         Varies by Statewide Varies by              Varies by                        Statewide      Varies by     Varies by
                  policy        sector      institution  policy        sector      institution within                     policy        sector       institution
                                          within sector                                  sector                                                     within sector

Vermont


Virginia
Washington                        1                                         1                           10 to 18                          1
West Virginia                                                 1                                                    12
Wisconsin                                                     1                                         12 to 18            1
Wyoming                           1                                         1                           12/sem


TOTALS              9             7             13            11           13              15                               2             5              9
               No formal policy exists on resident
               undergraduate       tuition setting.                    Other                                                     Comments
              Statewide Varies by         Varies by     Statewide   Varies by    Varies by
                policy      sector        institution     policy     sector      institution
                                        within sector                           within sector

Alabama                        1             1                         1             1
Alaska
Arizona                                                                                         For tuition purposes the state universities charge resident students full-time
                                                                                                rates at 7 student credit hours.
Arkansas                                                    1                                   Arkansas Higher Education Coordinating Board establishes guidelines
                                                                                                based on the percentage of cost of education and HEPI, but institutional
                                                                                                boards establish the specific policies
California
Colorado
Connecticut                                                 1                                   Policy speaks to share of educational costs (30-35% at four-year; 25-30%
                                                                                                at two-year), but is focused on budget and amount of revenue, not actual
                                                                                                rates
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois          1
Indiana           1
Iowa




Kansas
Kentucky                                     1
Louisiana
                  No formal policy exists on resident
                  undergraduate       tuition setting.                    Other                                                      Comments
                 Statewide Varies by         Varies by     Statewide   Varies by    Varies by
                   policy      sector        institution     policy     sector      institution
                                           within sector                           within sector

Maine                1
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota                         1
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana              1
Nebraska             1
Nevada
New Hampshire                                                                                      tuition is set per credit hour regardless of how many credits the student is
                                                                                                   taking = statewide policy only for 2-years
New Jersey           1
New Mexico                                      1
New York


North Carolina
North Dakota                                                                                       12 credits is considered full time in the flat rate model
Ohio                                            1
Oklahoma             1
Oregon
Pennsylvania                      1                                       1                        PASSHE has a 12-18 credit full-time rate. Above 18 credits, the per credit
                                                                                                   rate is charged for those additional credits.
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas                1
Utah                                                           1                                   Institutions may use either: (1) a linear tuition model, in which the
                                                                                                   incremental tuition charge per student credit hour is the same without
                                                                                                   regard to the number of hours for which a student is enrolled, or (2) a
                                                                                                   plateau model, in which students carrying a defined full-time load are
                                                                                                   charged a uniform rate within a defined range of credit hours. Alternative
                                                                                                   tuition schedules for on-line courses may be authorized by the Regents on
                                                                                                   a case by case basis.
                 No formal policy exists on resident
                 undergraduate       tuition setting.                    Other                                                   Comments
                Statewide Varies by         Varies by     Statewide   Varies by    Varies by
                  policy      sector        institution     policy     sector      institution
                                          within sector                           within sector

Vermont                                                                                           Per #12 above, the credit hour cost is set at the University level. Above
                                                                                                  minimum standards, some specific programs require more credit hours than
                                                                                                  others.
Virginia                         1
Washington
West Virginia       1
Wisconsin
Wyoming


TOTALS              9            4             4              3          2             1
              Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
              Q14. Nonresident Tuition: Indicate which of the following statements describes
              how nonresident undergraduate tuition is set in your state

               Tuition is set at a   %     Tuition is indexed to        %          No formal Other
                   mandated                  the undergraduate                    policy exists
               percentage of the           resident tuition (e.g.,                  on non-
                     cost of                2 times the resident                    resident
                 undergraduate                tuition rate). The                     tuition
                instruction. The            percentage is ____                       setting
              percentage is ____                       %
                        %


                                                                                                                                          Comments
Alabama                                              1
Alaska                                                                                         1     Non-residents pay a surcharge (254 for the year 2005-06 in addition to the lower,
                                                                                                     upper or graduate tuition per credit hour).
Arizona                                                                                        1     No formal policy, but it has been practice to set NR tuition at/near 100% of the
                                                                                                     cost of education (as defined for tuition setting purposes
Arkansas                                                                                       1     Arkansas Higher Education Coordinating Board establishes guidelines based on
                                                                                                     the percentage of cost of education, HEPI and other factors, but institutional
                                                                                                     boards establish the specific policies).
California             1             100                                                             Though this policy is the same for UC, CSU and CCCs, their respective
                                                                                                     methodologies for determining their nonresident tuition rates leave them at varying
                                                                                                     degrees regarding recouping 100% of their respective costs of instruction


Colorado                                                                                       1     Colorado uses a mandatory cost model that identifies all mandated costs, other
                                                                                                     needs that drive access, quality and capital construction and then reviews the
                                                                                                     amount of student revenue expected prior to setting tuition rates

Connecticut                                          1
Delaware                                                                              1
Florida                                                                                        1     In the 2005 General Appropriations Act, tuition flexibility was given to the
                                                                                                     universities for all levels of nonresident students. Tuition and fees for new
                                                                                                     students cannot exceed the average full-time tuition and fees for corresponding
                                                                                                     programs at public institutions that are members of the Association of American
                                                                                                     Universities. All students enrolled prior to the Fall of 2005 shall not have tuition
                                                                                                     increases that exceed 5%
Georgia                                              1               at least 4
                                                                       times
Hawaii                                                                                1
Idaho                                                                                 1
Illinois                                                                                       1     Illinois Board of Higher Education policy states that tuition rates for nonresident
                                                                                                     students should approximate instructional cost
                 Tuition is set at a    %     Tuition is indexed to     %    No formal Other
                     mandated                   the undergraduate           policy exists
                 percentage of the            resident tuition (e.g.,         on non-
                       cost of                 2 times the resident           resident
                   undergraduate                 tuition rate). The            tuition
                  instruction. The             percentage is ____              setting
                percentage is ____                        %
                          %


Indiana                                                                         1
Iowa                                                                            1        1     Board policy is to have nonresidents pay full cost of instruction.
Kansas                                                                          1
Kentucky                                                                                 1     Consistent with the tuition-setting guidelines, undergraduate rates for nonresident
                                                                                               students must be higher than resident undergraduates
Louisiana                                                                                1     SREB average for categorical peers
Maine                                                                           1
Maryland                                                                                 1     Non-resident undergraduate students should pay an additional amount of tuition
                                                                                               which at a minimum offsets the State’s contribution intended to subsidize the
                                                                                               education of its residents and institutions are encouraged to set tuition for non-
                                                                                               resident undergraduate students at market level. Based on compelling reasons,
                                                                                               institutions may seek an exception to this policy. For each institution, the
                                                                                               calculation of the State contribution shall include the general funds appropriations
                                                                                               per resident FTES (as defined in the USM Funding Guidelines) plus the System
                                                                                               average cost of GO and PAYGO debt amortization (cost of facilities not reflected
                                                                                               in the institutions’ budgets) per resident FTES. The calculation of state subsidy
                                                                                               should be adjusted for state financial aid and research/public service support.



Massachusetts            1              100
Michigan                 1             >100                                     1
Minnesota                                                                                1      MnSCU colleges and universities set an out-of-state rate in relation to their own
                                                                                               tuition rate. Annual tuition percentage increases for out-of-state students cannot
                                                                                               exceed the percentage increase for in-state students. Several MnSCU colleges
                                                                                               and universities charge in-state tuition to out-of-state students under a Board
                                                                                               approved pilot.
Mississippi                                                                              1     Mississippi state statute places a minimum level for the nonresident surcharge. It
                                                                                               must be no lower than the average State appropriations per Student FTE level
                 Tuition is set at a   %   Tuition is indexed to         %          No formal Other
                     mandated                the undergraduate                     policy exists
                 percentage of the         resident tuition (e.g.,                   on non-
                       cost of              2 times the resident                     resident
                   undergraduate              tuition rate). The                      tuition
                  instruction. The          percentage is ____                        setting
                percentage is ____                     %
                          %


Missouri                                                                                        1     In 1983 the Coordinating Board established a policy that tuition and fee income,
                                                                                                      by fiscal year 1986, should reach 33 1/3 percent of the cost of education at the
                                                                                                      University of Missouri, 28 percent at the five regional universities (Central,
                                                                                                      Southeast, Southwest, Truman, Northwest and Lincoln University, and 26 percent
                                                                                                      at the four-year colleges, Harris-Stowe, Missouri Western and Missouri Southern.
                                                                                                      All out-of-state tuition should be twice the cost of in-state fees. Revision of this
                                                                                                      policy is under consideration since a lot about the state's system of public higher
                                                                                                      education has changed since 1983. For example, some regional universities now
                                                                                                      have statewide missions, roles of some institutions have changed within the state
                                                                                                      system of public higher education, admissions selectivity of the institutions is
                                                                                                      differenct now than in 1983, the policy is silent about the state's public two-year
                                                                                                      community colleges which have increased in number and are assigned an
                                                                                                      expanded role within the state's system of higher education and the policy is silent
                                                                                                      about the state's public two-year technical college - Linn State Technical College.



Montana
Nebraska                                                                                        1     Nonresident tuition is mentioned in the state statutes and it requires that all public
                                                                                                      institutions charge more for nonresidents. How much more is not specified.

Nevada                                                                                          1     WICHE average is used
New Hampshire                                                                          1        1     By Board policy, nonresident tuition must cover the direct costs of education. 2
                                                                                                      year- no formal policy exists
New Jersey                                                                             1
New Mexico                                           1                At some                   1     Chapter 155 (Laws 2005) changes the definition of "resident student" for tuition
                                                                     institution                      payments and budget and revenue calculations to include a member of an Indian
                                                                        150                           nation, tribe or pueblo located wholly or partially in New Mexico, regardless of
                                                                                                      residence of the member prior to acceptance at a post-secondary educational
                                                                                                      institution enumerated in Article 12, Section 11 of the constitution of New Mexico.
                                                                                                      The provision applies to undergraduate and post-graduate enrollment. In a
                                                                                                      related measure, Senate Bill 921 (Chapter 168) grants in-state tuition and fees to
                                                                                                      armed forces and national guard members and their families.

New York                                                                               1
                  Tuition is set at a   %     Tuition is indexed to     %      No formal Other
                      mandated                  the undergraduate             policy exists
                  percentage of the           resident tuition (e.g.,           on non-
                        cost of                2 times the resident             resident
                    undergraduate                tuition rate). The              tuition
                   instruction. The            percentage is ____                setting
                 percentage is ____                       %
                           %


North Carolina                                                                             1     Tuition for nonresident students must be higher than that for residents has similar
                                                                                                 to that charged to nonresidents by similar institutions nationwide.

North Dakota                                            1               267                      A number of individual campuses have received approval from the State Board of
                                                                                                 Higher Education to charge rates other than 267% of the nonresident rate for
                                                                                                 nonresident students, for marketing and other purposes. For example one
                                                                                                 campus charges a lower nonresident rate for students who stay in the dormitories.
                                                                                                 The first box shouldn't have been checked in 2002, because nonresident tuition
                                                                                                 has never been set at a mandated percentage of the cost of undergraduate
                                                                                                 instruction.
Ohio                                                                                       1     State law requires that all nonresidents be charged a tuition surcharge, but state
                                                                                                 law does not specify the amount or percentage of in-state fees that the surcharge
                                                                                                 should be.
Oklahoma                                                                                   1     Established at per credit hour; limit is linked to rates at peer institutions.
Oregon                                                                            1
Pennsylvania              1                             1                                  1     PASSHE requires 100% of the cost of education for all nonresidents to be paid for
                                                                                                 from nonresident tuition revenue. Currently, the general non-resident rate is
                                                                                                 pegged at 250% of the in-state rate. However, a small percentage of the
                                                                                                 nonresident students are charged an alternative rate (between 150% and 250% of
                                                                                                 the in-state rate) in order to increase enrollment at Universities with excess
                                                                                                 capacity. The state-related universities and community colleges each have their
                                                                                                 own policies guiding nonresident tuition that would vary by institution.

Puerto Rico
Rhode Island              1             100
South Carolina                                          1                         1
South Dakota                                            1               150                      For the surrounding states, the rate is 150% by either Board policy or for state's
                                                                                                 that are members of WICHE. For non-residents outside of adjacent states the
                                                                                                 Board establishes the rate which is higher than 150%
Tennessee                                                                                  1     "No formal policy" has changed to allow institutions maximum flexibility in non-
                                                                                                 resident tuition. Former policy linked out of state tuition to a calculation in the
                                                                                                 funding formula that effectively penalized institutions for increasing out of state
                                                                                                 tuition. That disincentive has been removed from the funding formula.

Texas                                                                                      1     Average of non-resident tuition in five largest states
Utah                      1                             1               350
Vermont                                              1 (VSC)            100
                 Tuition is set at a   %     Tuition is indexed to     %    No formal Other
                     mandated                  the undergraduate           policy exists
                 percentage of the           resident tuition (e.g.,         on non-
                       cost of                2 times the resident           resident
                   undergraduate                tuition rate). The            tuition
                  instruction. The            percentage is ____              setting
                percentage is ____                       %
                          %


Virginia                                                                                1     Tuition has to cover at least 100% of the cost of instruction
Washington                                                                     1              Institutions can set nonresident tuition as they deem appropriate
West Virginia            1             100
Wisconsin                                                                               1     2005: Non-resident tuition is usually set at the same dollar increase as resident
                                                                                              tuition.
Wyoming                                                                        1

TOTALS                   7                             9                       15      25
                Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
                Q15. Has the issue of offering resident tuition rates to undocumented immigrants been discussed in your state?

                     No     Discussion, but   Policy                                                           Comments
                 discussion    no policy

Alabama              1
Alaska               1
Arizona                            1                   No policy has been established, but during the 2005 legislative session, legislation was introduced and passed that
                                                       prohibited undocumented immigrants from classification as in-state students, and from receiving tuition waivers, grants,
                                                       or scholarship assistance. The bill was vetoed by the Governor.
Arkansas                           1
California                         1                   This issue is brought up occasionally, increasingly in recent years, but has not been implemented. However, our public
                                                       higher education systems do not go out of their way to determine the residency status of immigrant students and,
                                                       thereby, many undocumented immigrants are enrolled in our UC (not as many), but more so in the CSU and CCC
                                                       systems
Colorado                                        1      Undocumented immigrants are not eligible for resident tuition rate
Connecticut                        1
Delaware             1
Florida                            1                   Some questions have arisen regarding the participation of documented, undocumented, and visiting aliens in Adult
                                                       General Education.
Georgia              1
Hawaii               1
Idaho                1
Illinois                                        1      Undocumented immigrant students can be eligible for resident tuition rates if they meet the following conditions: (1)
                                                       The individual resided with his or her parent or guardian while attending a public or private high school in Illinois. (2)
                                                       The individual graduated from a public or private high school or received the equivalent of a high school diploma in
                                                       Illinois. (3) The individual attended school in Illinois for at least 3 years as of the date the individual graduated from
                                                       high school or received the equivalent of a high school diploma. (4) The individual registers as an entering student not
                                                       earlier than the 2003 fall semester. (5) In the case of an individual who is not a citizen or a permanent resident of the
                                                       United States, the individual provides his or her institution with an affidavit stating that the individual will file an
                                                       application to become a permanent resident of the United States at the earliest opportunity the individual is eligible to
                                                       do so.
Indiana              1
Iowa                               1
Kansas                                          1      State statute provides that individuals who have attended a Kansas high school or who have lived in Kansas for three
                                                       years and are a student at a postsecondary education institution are considered residents of the state for the purpose
                                                       of tuition and fees. This would allow undocumented immigrants to pay in-state tuition, if he or she has filed an affidavit
                                                       stating either that the person has filed an application to legalize his or her immigration status or has filed for U.S.
                                                       citizenship or that the person's parents have filed such an application. The provisions of the statute do not apply to an
                                                       individual with a student immigration visa.
Kentucky             1
Louisiana            1
Maine                1
Maryland                           1
Massachusetts                      1
                     No     Discussion, but   Policy                                                           Comments
                 discussion    no policy
Michigan                           1
Minnesota                          1
Mississippi           1
Missouri                           1
Montana               1
Nebraska                           1
Nevada                             1
New Hampshire         1
New Jersey                         1
New Mexico                                      1      Chapter 348 (Laws 2005) prohibits the denial of admission or eligibility for education benefits based on immigration
                                                       status. Any tuition rate or state-funded financial aid that is granted to NM residents shall also be granted to all persons,
                                                       regardless of immigration status, who have attended a high school in NM for at least one year and have either
                                                       graduated from high school in NM or received a GED diploma.
New York                                        1      CUNY charges them the in-state rate
North Carolina                     1
North Dakota         1
Ohio                               1
Oklahoma                           1
Oregon                             1
Pennsylvania         1                                 Pennsylvania has a long-standing, specific statute on domicile. This definition would not allow undocumented
                                                       immigrants to be considered in-state.
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island                       1
South Carolina                     1
South Dakota         1
Tennessee            1
Texas                                           1      Any student who attends high school in Texas for three years and graduates from a Texas high school can qualify to
                                                       pay resident tuition rates, regardless of immigration status.
Utah                                            1      During the 2002 the Utah State Legislature passed a bill allowing USHE institutions to charge resident tuition rates to
                                                       undocumented immigrants if they met the predetermined qualifications. The State Board of Regents then in turn
                                                       adopted policy R513-13. Exemption from Paying Nonresident Portion of Tuition for Certain Students - Pursuant to
                                                       §53B-8-106 13.1. Exemption for Certain Students with Utah High School Graduation - A student, other than a non-
                                                       immigrant alien within the meaning of paragraph (15) of subsection (a) of Section 1101 of Title 8 of the United States
                                                       Code, shall be exempt from paying the nonrsident portion of total tuition if the student: 13.1.1. attended high school in
                                                       Utah for three or more years; 13.1.2. graduated from a high school in this state or received the equivalent of a high
                                                       school diploma in Utah; and 13.1.3. registers as an entering student at a System institution not earlier than the fall of
                                                       the 2002-03 academic year. 13.1.4. Affidavit - In addition to the requirements of 13.1, a student without lawful
                                                       immigration status shall file an affidavit with the System institution stating that the student has filed an application to
                                                       legalize his or her immigration status, or will file an application as soon as he or she is eligible to do so.

Vermont              1
Virginia                           1
                    No     Discussion, but   Policy                                                           Comments
                discussion    no policy
Washington                                     1      RCW 28B.15.012(2)(e): A resident student includes someone who graduated from high school in Washington State,
                                                      who has lived in the state for at least 3 years prior to graduation and has continuously lived in the state after HS
                                                      graduation, and who provides the higher education institution with an affidavit that they will file an application to become
                                                      a permanent resident
West Virginia       1
Wisconsin                         1
Wyoming             1

TOTALS             20            22            8
              Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
              Q16. In addition to the general undergraduate tuition reciprocity agreements that exist within the regional higher education associations (MHEC, NEBHE, SREB,
              WICHE), does your state have a policy specific to students from neighboring states or individual counties (e.g. a “good neighbor” policy)? If yes, please briefly
              describe and provide a link to or a copy of the policy.

                                                     2005                                                                                    2002
Alabama       2002 response was incorrect, since 1996 students residing in a county in
              another state within 50 miles of an Alabama institution can pay in-state rates.

Alaska        Students who are residents of British Columbia or the Yukon, Northwest, and
              Nunavut Territories qualify for resident tuition. Students from foreign cities and
              provinces which establish sister city or sister province relationships with the
              state of Alaska, or Alaskan municipalities, and which have been approved by the
              university president qualify for resident tuition.

Arizona       Neighboring states agreements: A person is considered a resident for tuition
              purposes if domiciled within 75 miles of the Arizona border and is enrolling in a
              total of no more than six (6) credit hours per semester.
Arkansas      No change to 2002 response                                                           Some institutions that are on the border of neighboring states waive out-of-state
                                                                                                   tuition for residents living in certain counties. No statewide policy exists.
California    No
Colorado      No
Connecticut   No
Delaware
Florida       Universities with service areas that border neighboring states may develop a         Universities with service areas that border neighboring states may develop a plan for
              plan for differential out-of-state fees. The 2002 response is correct, but should    differential out-of-state fees.
              have included community colleges.
Georgia       Response for 2002 should have been "yes", this is not a new policy. An
              institution may waive out-of-state tuition and assess in-state tuition for:
              Students selected to participate in a program offered through the Academic
              Common Market and residents of an out-of-state county bordering a Georgia
              county in which the reporting institution or a Board-approved external center of
              the University System of Georgia is located.
Hawaii        Western Undergraduate Exchange (WUE) Scholarship Program. see:
              www.hawaii.edu/admrec/wue.html/
Idaho                                                                                              We have reciprocity agreements with Washington, Oregon and Utah where
                                                                                                   nonresident tuition waivers are allowed if similar waivers are provided Idaho residents
                                                                                                   in their states. The programs have limits on the number or amount of total waivers.

Illinois      No
Indiana       In addition to Indiana's agreement with Kentucky, we are embarking on a new          Indiana has a reciprocity agreement with Kentucky that allows students in certain
              reciprocity agreement with Ohio, as well.                                            border counties to attend selected institutions (near the border) at resident tuition
                                                                                                   rates.
Iowa          No
Kansas                                                                                               Kansas is a member of the Midwestern Higher Education Commission and the state
                                                                                                     universities participated in the Midwest Student Exchange Program, under which non-
                                                                                                     residents can attend institutions in participating states and pay 150% of resident
                                                                                                     tuition, if the meet certain criteria.
Kentucky        Attached find link to agreements http://cpe.ky.gov/NR/rdonlyres/F607CEDD-
                B4EE-404B-B048-5AAAAFE51957/0/20050522_reciprocityAgreements.pdf

Louisiana       individual systems and institutions have varying policies on tuition rates for
                "border" state residents
Maine           New England states -- 150% of in-state for programs not offered in resident's        New England states -- 150% of in-state for programs not offered in resident's home
                home state                                                                           state
Maryland        No change to 2002 response                                                           For the Community Colleges, there is the Garrett/W. Va. reciprocity agreement is an
                                                                                                     interstate agreement between Maryland and West Virginia for the exchange of
                                                                                                     Maryland residents to Shepherd College and West Virginia University and West
                                                                                                     Virginia residents to Garrett College. This agreement allows West Virginia students
                                                                                                     to attend Garrett College at in-county resident tuition and fee rates. The current
                                                                                                     reciprocity agreement allows for the exchange of up to 125 FTES. The State shall pay
                                                                                                     to Garrett CC an amount equal to the net State support per FTE as provided in the
                                                                                                     Cade Formula funding for the current year. Uncertain about whether there are
                                                                                                     reciprocity agreements for the four-year public institutions.


Massachusetts   In addition to NEBHE, two institutions close to the border are allowed to charge     Regional student program through NEBHE. Out of state student pays 150% of in-
                New York residents 150% of resident tuition                                          state rate for programs not offered in student's home state.
Michigan        No
Minnesota       Minnesota has reciprocity agreements with Wisconsin, North Dakota, and South         Minnesota has statewide public post-secondary tuition reciprocity with Wisconsin,
                Dakota. Several MnSCU institutions have Board approval to offer in-state tuition     North Dakota, South Dakota and the Canadian province of Manitoba. These is also a
                to out-of-state students.                                                            limited tuition reciprocity agreement that includes one community college attendance
                                                                                                     district in northwest Iowa and five two-year public institutions in southwest Minnesota.
                                                                                                     All undergraduate programs of study are included in the agreements. Undergraduate
                                                                                                     students in the Minnesota/Wisconsin agreement pay tuition at the rate charged by a
                                                                                                     comparable home state institution. Undergraduates in the Minnesota agreements
                                                                                                     with North and South Dakota pay the higher of the two state tuition rates. Graduate
                                                                                                     students pay the higher of the two state tuition rates. Minnesota and Wisconsin and
                                                                                                     North Dakota make interstate tuition reciprocity payments based on student marginal
                                                                                                     instructional costs minus student paid tuition.



Mississippi
Missouri        Missouri participates in the Midwest Higher Education Commission's Student           Missouri participates in the Midwest Higher Education Commission's Student
                Exchange Program - see MHEC web site for additional information. Also, some          Exchange Program - see MHEC or CBHE web site (MOSTARS) for additional
                individual institutions located on state's borders have established institutional    information. Also, some individual institutions located on state's borders have
                tuition policies for students meeting certain criteria who reside in a neighboring   established institutional tuition policies for students meeting certain criteria who
                state or geographic area of another state.                                           reside in a neighboring state or geographic area of another state.

Montana         No
Nebraska         The State has an agreement with several institutions in other states for the        The State has an agreement with several institutions in other states for the education
                 education of Nebraska residents in Optometry and Veterinary Medicine.               of Nebraska residents in Optometry and Veterinary Medicine. Nebraska pays the
                 Nebraska pays the difference between instate and out-of-state tuition charges       difference between instate and out-of-state tuition charges directly to the institutions
                 directly to the institutions for a specific number of students. Nebraska            for a specific number of students. Nebraska institutions also have individual
                 institutions also have individual agreements (not necessarily reciprocity) that     agreements (not necessarily reciprocity) that allow residents of other states to attend
                 allow residents of other states to attend at resident rates.                        at resident rates.

Nevada        Good Neighbor policy with selected counties in California and Arizona.                 Good Neighbor policy with selected counties in California and Arizona. Beginning
              Beginning 2003, tuition will equal 160% times the WICHE median for colleges,           2003, tuition will equal 160% times the WICHE median for colleges, 210% for
              210% for universities                                                                  universities.
New Hampshire NH is involved in regional compact agreements with other New England states            NH is involved in regional compact agreements with other New England states for
              for programs that are not offered by our public institutions. 2 year- no               programs that are not offered by our public institutions.
              agreements
New Jersey    No
New Mexico    The Commission on Higher Education shall identify those circumstances where            Colorado and Arizona
              the waiving of the nonresident differential in tuition rates, on a reciprocal basis
              with other states, including the states of the foreign country contiguous to New
              Mexico, would enhance educational opportunities for New Mexico residents.
              Relative to the identified circumstances, the Commission shall negotiate with the
              other states involved with the objective of establishing reciprocal agreements for
              the waiving of the nonresident differential for New Mexico residents attending
              institutions in other states in exchange for New Mexico institutions waiving the
              nonresident differential for residents of the other states (California and Arizona).
              For the purposes of tuition payment and budget and revenue calculations, the
              board of regents of any post-secondary, state educational institution may
              determine that "resident student" includes any Texas resident who resides
              within a one hundred thirty-five mile radius of that institution.



New York         None
North Carolina   No change to 2002 response                                                          Courses offered through the Southern Regional Education Board's Academic
                                                                                                     Common Market program only.
North Dakota     No change to 2002 response                                                          1.) Minnesota--students generally pay the higher of the two states tuition rates. The
                                                                                                     State makes a payment for each additional student beyond the net breakeven in the
                                                                                                     flow based on the marginal cost of education. 2.) Unilateral rates, at less than the
                                                                                                     non-resident rate for contiguous states and Canadian provinces (South Dakota,
                                                                                                     Montana, and Canada). 3.) Undergraduate and graduate student exchange
                                                                                                     programs through WICHE and MHEC.

Ohio             Agreements with Michigan, Kentucky, West Virginia, and Indiana
Oklahoma
Oregon           WUE (Western Undergraduate Exchange) students are charged at 150% of
                 undergraduate resident tuition.
Pennsylvania     No change to 2002 response                                                          We have the ability to do so, but have no agreements.
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island     New England Regional Student Program (RSP) This program enables New                 New England Regional Student Program (RSP) This program enables New England
                 England residents to get a reduction on out-of-state tuition when they enroll at    residents to get a reduction on out-of-state tuition when they enroll at public colleges
                 public colleges and universities in a New England state, other than that of their   and universities in a New England state, other than that of their legal residence, and
                 legal residence, and study RSP-approved majors which are not offered by their       study RSP-approved majors which are not offered by their home states. All 78 public
                 home states. All 78 public colleges and universities in New England participate     colleges and universities in New England participate in offering hundreds of academic
                 in offering hundreds of academic programs through RSP.                              programs through RSP.

South Carolina   No change to 2002 response                                                          The University of South Carolina's Aiken Campus and Aiken Technical College may
                                                                                                     offer in-state tuition to any student whose legal residence is in the
                                                                                                     Richmond/Columbia County area of the neighboring state of Georgia as long as the
                                                                                                     Georgia Board of Regents continues its Georgia Tuition Program by which in-state
                                                                                                     tuition is offered to students residing in the :(1) Aiken/Edgefield/McCormick County
                                                                                                     Area of the State of South Carolina; or (2) if the Georgia Board of Regents does not
                                                                                                     extend its Georgia Tuition Program to include McCormick County residents, then
                                                                                                     students residents in the Aiken/Edgefield County Area of the State of South Carolina.

South Dakota     We have an adjacent state policy for non-WICHE adjacent states that provides        We have reciprocity with Minnesota where students are allowed to move between
                 for the 150%. We still have reciprocity with Minnesota                              states at the higher of the average resident rate of their home state or the visiting
                                                                                                     state. We also allow all students from WICHE states to attend all undergraduate
                                                                                                     programs at 150% of the resident rate.
Tennessee        Governing boards approve various institutional proposals to charge in-state
                 tuition to students from specific border counties.
Texas            Students from bordering counties, including the US-Mexico border, and from
                 states located within 135 miles of the Texas border may pay resident tuition
                 rates. Texas also offers a Good Neighbor Scholarship to needy students from
                 Central and South America.
Utah             No change to 2002 response                                                          1) Utah participates in the WICHE Western Undergraduate Exchange program,
                                                                                                     where students from other states can enroll in select programs at USHE institutions
                                                                                                     on a space available basis and pay 150% of resident tuition. 2) Utah State University
                                                                                                     has a reciprocal agreement with Idaho State University where the difference between
                                                                                                     nonresident and resident tuition is waived for 150 students. 3) Utah has had a
                                                                                                     statutory policy since 1986 where students who live within 100 highway miles of a
                                                                                                     USHE institution could attend that institution by paying half the difference between
                                                                                                     the resident and nonresident tuition rates.

Vermont          No                                                                                  New England Board of Higher Education, Regional Student Program
Virginia         No change to 2002 response
Washington       No change to 2002 response                                                          Reciprocity with Idaho (agreement attached); Border county agreement with Oregon
                                                                                                     (agreement attached)
West Virginia    No
Wisconsin        Essentially, Wisconsin residents are able to attend Minnesota state institutions    Essentially, Wisconsin residents are able to attend Minnesota state institutions and
                 and pay the tuition rate of a comparable Wisconsin institution. The same holds      pay the tuition rate of a comparable Wisconsin institution. The same holds for
                 for Minnesota students. Each state is responsible for that portion of their         Minnesota students. Each state is responsible for that portion of their students
                 students instructional cost that isn’t covered by tuition. There is a minor         instructional cost that isn't covered by tuition. There is a minor reciprocity program
                 reciprocity program with Michigan where students are accepted at resident           with Michigan where students are accepted at resident rates.
                 rates.
Wyoming   Yes, WUE   Western Undergraduate Exchange with tuition set at 150% of resident rate
                Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
                Q17. Which of the following occupational areas does your state provide loan forgiveness and/or loan
                repayment to graduates of selected programs/majors who provide service to the state following graduation?


                                      Teaching                                            Nursing                               Medicine/ Dentistry/ Optometry
                  In-school   On-the-job            Other              In-school   On-the-job           Other           In-school  On-the-job             Other
                 assistance   repayment                               assistance   repayment                           assistance repayment

Alabama              1
Alaska
Arizona              1

Arkansas             1            1                                                                                            1
California                        1      Loan repayment, over 4                                                                         1       In selected fields,
                                         years.                                                                                                 targeted to
                                                                                                                                                underserved areas of
                                                                                                                                                the State
Colorado             1                                                                                                         1
Connecticut                              Minority Teacher Incentive
                                         program provides in-school
                                         grants and loan
                                         reimbursement if student
                                         teaches in Connecticut
Delaware             1            1                                       1            1                                       1
Florida              1            1                                       1            1                                       1        1       In-school is for minority
                                                                                                                                                scholarships

Georgia              1                                                    1                                                    1
Hawaii                                                                    1
Idaho                1                                                    1                                                    1
Illinois             1                                                    1                                                    1
Indiana
Iowa                 1                                                    1                                                    1                Osteopathic tuition
                                                                                                                                                scholarship for 3rd year
                                                                                                                                                students; renewable for
                                                                                                                                                1 year
Kansas               1                                                    1                                                    1
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine                1                                                                                                                  1
Maryland                          1                                                    1                                                1
Massachusetts

Michigan                                                                               1       Limited opportunities
                                      Teaching                                                Nursing                                   Medicine/ Dentistry/ Optometry
                  In-school   On-the-job             Other                 In-school   On-the-job          Other                In-school  On-the-job             Other
                 assistance   repayment                                   assistance   repayment                               assistance repayment

Minnesota
Mississippi          1                                                        1                                                    1
Missouri                          1                                           1            1                                                    1

Montana                                                                                                                                         1

Nebraska                                                                      1            1                                       1                    In-School assistance
                                                                                                                                                        for Optometry and
                                                                                                                                                        Veterinary medicine.
Nevada
New Hampshire        1            1      PSEC response, Includes              1            1       PSEC response.
                                         only special ed, math,                                    Includes only LPN and
                                         physics, chemistry, physical                              above.
                                         and general science.

New Jersey           1




New Mexico           1                                                        1                                                    1
New York                                                                      1                                                    1
North Carolina                                                       1                                                     1
North Dakota                                                                  1                                                                 1       On-the-job repayment
                                                                                                                                                        for medicine dentistry

Ohio                                                                                       1                                                    1
Oklahoma                                                                      1            1                                       1            1
Oregon
Pennsylvania                                                                               1       Nursing Education


Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina                           Teacher loans may be
                                         forgiven if student teaches in
                                         critical need area

South Dakota
Tennessee            1                                                                                                             1
Texas                1            1                                           1            1                                                    1
Utah                 1            1
                                     Teaching                                             Nursing                              Medicine/ Dentistry/ Optometry
                 In-school   On-the-job             Other              In-school   On-the-job           Other          In-school  On-the-job             Other
                assistance   repayment                                assistance   repayment                          assistance repayment

Vermont                          1                                                     1
Virginia                                Not sure of specific policy                            Not sure of specific
                                                                                               policy
Washington          1            1                                        1            1                                  1            1
West Virginia       1                                                     1                                               1
Wisconsin           1                                                     1
Wyoming             1            1                                        1            1                                  1            1

TOTALS             23           12                                       21           14                                  18           12
                                Engineering                                  Information technology                                 Child care
                 In-school   On-the-job         Other            In-school    On-the-job           Other           In-school   On-the-job        Other
                assistance   repayment                          assistance    repayment                           assistance   repayment

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona

Arkansas
California




Colorado                                                                                                              1
Connecticut                                                                               cohort-based program,
                                                                                          now defunct




Delaware
Florida


Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois                                                                                                              1
Indiana
Iowa




Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine                                                                                                                 1
Maryland                                                                                                                           1
Massachusetts

Michigan                         1      Limited opportunities
                                 Engineering                            Information technology                              Child care
                  In-school   On-the-job       Other        In-school    On-the-job           Other        In-school   On-the-job        Other
                 assistance   repayment                    assistance    repayment                        assistance   repayment

Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri

Montana

Nebraska


Nevada
New Hampshire




New Jersey




New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota                                                                 1


Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania                                           1                                              1


Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina




South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah                              1                                          1
                                Engineering                        Information technology                          Child care
                 In-school   On-the-job       Other    In-school    On-the-job           Other    In-school   On-the-job        Other
                assistance   repayment                assistance    repayment                    assistance   repayment

Vermont
Virginia

Washington
West Virginia       1                                                                                1
Wisconsin
Wyoming

TOTALS              1            2                        0             2                            4            1
                                      Other
                 In-school   On-the-job             Other                                                             Comments
                assistance   repayment

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona             1                                               Health professions in Osteopathy, Dentistry, Optometry, Veterinary, Occupational Therapy, Physician's
                                                                    Assistant
Arkansas
California                                                          There may be some other such programs but they would be very narrow is scope and quite small in scale.




Colorado
Connecticut




Delaware
Florida             1            1       Occupational Therapy;      Programs identified are in statute. They are not always funded by the Legislature.
                                         Law (minority scholarship)

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa




Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts                            Police officer incentive   Salary adjustments provide incentive to police officers to complete degrees in law enforcement and criminal
                                         pay                        justice.
Michigan
                                       Other
                  In-school   On-the-job             Other                                                             Comments
                 assistance   repayment

Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri                          1       National Guard and
                                          Reserve
Montana                                                            The State of Montana has a rural residency program, that has a loan payment component, if a doctor comes
                                                                   back and practice in a rural area of Montana.
Nebraska


Nevada
New Hampshire




New Jersey           1                    A new loan forgiveness
                                          program for specified
                                          social service agency
                                          workers for each year
                                          working in the field.
New Mexico           1                    Legal education
New York
North Carolina                                                     Loan forgiveness if in profession in the state for a certain time period.
North Dakota


Ohio
Oklahoma             1            1       Math and science
Oregon                                                             Not applicable
Pennsylvania                      1       Agricultural             The Commonwealth provides grants for specific science and technology programs that are conditional loans.
                                                                   They are awarded as grants with a requirement to work in PA; if this condition is not met, the grant converts to
                                                                   a loan.
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina




South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
                                      Other
                 In-school   On-the-job       Other   Comments
                assistance   repayment

Vermont
Virginia

Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

TOTALS              5            4
                Survey of 2005-2006 State Tuition, Fee, & Financial Assistance Policies for Public Colleges and Universities
                Q18. Please describe any differences in philosophy or policy concerning tuition at public two-year vs. four-year institutions in your state.

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona         Differences include the philosophy that the community (local governments AND state share the financing and governance of the community college system, through
                local taxes and state funding formulae for enrollment and capital expenses.

Arkansas        Tuition and fees at public two-year institutions should be lower than at public four-year institutions to provide work-force education and to make programs available to
                as many people as possible.
California      In California, CCC education has historically been seen as a right, per our Masterplan, and there are fierce fights about raising its pricing by as little as $2 or $3 per
                credit unit. A similar, but not as passionate, feeling used to occur in our UC and CSU systems. However, the economic recessions in the State of the early 1980s,
                early-to-mid 1990s, and early 2000s brought wave after wave of significant tuition increases, along with needed increases in financial aid. So, the concerns are just
                as real but the realities are that fee levels in UC and CSU are destined to climb
Colorado
Connecticut     More flexibility in differentiation at the graduate level
Delaware
Florida
Georgia         Differentiation of tuition rates among institution sectors, i.e. research universities, state universities, and two-year colleges.
Hawaii          2-year: pay for all credits but tuition is quite low. 4-year: credits beyond 12 are free but tuition is higher.
Idaho           The Board's policy applies only to the four year institutions. The community colleges have their own Board and their own policies.
Illinois        Public two-year institutions place much emphasis on keeping costs for students low. State statutes limit tuition at community colleges to one-third of instructional
                costs. Statutes governing public universities grant the sole authority for setting tuition and fees to the institutional governing boards.
Indiana         As part of the creation of a statewide community college, the state has made an effort to lower tuition at the two-year sector to the national average for two-year
                institutions by means of a tuition freeze. No comparable efforts have been made for the four-year sector
Iowa            The Board of Regents sets tuition, fees, and student financial aid policies for the three state universities. By law, the Board can not raise tuition for the subsequent
                academic year after November. Each of the 15 community colleges have their own board of directors that separately set tuition. By law, a community college's
                tuition rate cannot be more than Regent tuition.
Kansas
Kentucky        While there is nothing specific in the tuition-setting guidelines that addresses tuition rates at public two-year colleges, the Kentucky Community and Technical
                College System is considered to be the point of access to postsecondary education for many residents. Therefore, it is implicit in the council’s tuition-setting
                guidelines and the funding model used to make the biennial funding recommendation that tuition rates at the two-year institutions be lower than at the 4-year
                universities.
Louisiana       Two-year tuition rates should be maintained at lowest rates possible to facilitate access.
Maine           2 year schools increased tuition for AY2005-2006
Maryland        Generally Maryland has a policy to keep tuition levels at community colleges low to promote access; however tuition levels are still relatively high at Maryland's
                community colleges
Massachusetts   No difference
Michigan        The tuition rates at Mississippi's four-year public institutions are set by the State's governing Board, while the rates at the two-year institutions are set by each
                institution's local governing Board.
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri         The Coordinating Board has taken the position that the state's public two-year community colleges should provide the lowest cost access to the state's system of
                 higher education. The state's A+ program, administered by the State Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, provides two years of free tuition, fees
                 and some books for students meeting criteria established by state statute and graduation from an A+ designated high school. The program is limited to students
                 enrolling in the state's area vocational technical schools, Linn State Technical College, The West Plains Campus of Southwest Missouri State University, and the
                 state's public two-year community colleges.

Montana          There has been a greater focus, over the last several years on holding tuition increases lower at our 2-year schools
Nebraska         The State's philosophy on tuition at 2 yr. and 4 yr institutions is that tuition and fees at 2 yr institutions should be substantially below the 4 yr public institutions.

Nevada
New Hampshire    Similar philosophies and policies
New Jersey       Legislature limited tuition increases through language in the appropriations act to a set % at the public 4-year institutions, but not at the 2-year colleges.

New Mexico       In each two-year college district, the local board may call an election within the college district for the purpose of authorizing that board to levy taxes on all taxable
                 property within the district to be used for current operations, maintenance and capital improvements of the college district. The commission on higher education shall
                 recommend an appropriation for each branch community college and junior college based upon the college's financial requirements in relation to its authorized
                 program and its available funds from non-general fund sources; provided, the recommended appropriation shall be an amount not less than three hundred twenty-
                 five dollars ($325) for each full-time-equivalent student. Four-year institutions have no such authority and are more dependant upon tuition revenues, state
                 appropriations, and other sources of revenue.

New York         for community colleges, State law requires that one-third of the costs should come from the State, one-third from the sponsoring county(s) and one third from student
                 tuition
North Carolina   Only the four-year institutions are under our jurisdiction . The UNC Community College System includes 58 two-year colleges.
North Dakota     There is no difference in policy, however there is general philosophical agreement that the two-year campuses should be lower cost, and a source of access.

Ohio             State community and technical colleges are access institutions and try to keep their student charges as low as possible to better serve their price-sensitive students.
                 Ohio's state 4-year institutions have a diverse range of missions, varying from selective to open access. Tuition policies at the 4-year institutions reflect this range of
                 missions.

Oklahoma
Oregon           Public two-year colleges receive property tax support but not for the four-year institutions.
Pennsylvania     Tuition and fees at community colleges are set locally in conjunction with the K-12 school districts that they serve (and that provide some of their financial support).

Puerto Rico
Rhode Island     Board budget guidelines cap the rate of tuition growth at various rates for the three public higher education institutions in RI
South Carolina   The two year technical colleges charge fees by in-district, out-of-district, and out of state. In some cases, the amounts vary according to the amount of local support
                 received by the technical college.

South Dakota     Tuition at the technical institutes is the same for residents and non-residents.
Tennessee        Maintaining affordability at the two-year sector is vital to maintain access. Universities will rely more on tuition revenue. If new state appropriations become available,
                 it is THEC's intent to recommend that they first be directed to the two-year sector to minimize tuition increases.
Texas            While community colleges have historically held down tuition increases, because of budgetary concerns, their tuitions are increasing at a rapid rate. While actual
                 tuition rates are still significantly lower at colleges than at universities, their philosophies about increasing tuition have become similar.
Utah             Because Utah has a single governing board for higher education, the philosophy and policy are essentially the same, with some differentiations based on institutional
                 mission and role, i.e. lower tuitions at 2-year schools, etc.
Vermont          NA
Virginia        The tuition policy goal (see response to Section A, question #2) is that in-state undergraduate students should consistently pay a percentage of the cost of
                education: 20% of average cost at the community colleges and 25% at the four-year institutions. Other than this, there are no significant differences in the state's
                policies for two-year vs. four-year institutions. The mission-based philosophy of the community colleges is to keep tuition as low as possible. Based on the State of
                Washington's 2001-02 national tuition and fee data comparison, tuition and fees at Virginia's community colleges rank 43rd highest nationally. The community
                colleges did not begin receiving a state financial aid appropriation until FY 1992.

Washington      The two-year system, in recognition of the large percentage of part-time students, is moving towards a per-credit tuition fee as opposed to flat amounts for students
                taking fewer or more than 12 credit hours
West Virginia   Emphasis on lowering two year tuition compared to four year tuition to encourage access and participation rates.
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona


Arkansas

California




Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois

Indiana

Iowa


Kansas
Kentucky




Louisiana
Maine
Maryland

Massachusetts
Michigan

Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri




Montana
Nebraska

Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey

New Mexico




New York


North Carolina
North Dakota

Ohio



Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania

Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina


South Dakota
Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont
Virginia




Washington


West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming




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