Document Sample
090715_Overview_electronic_ID_card Powered By Docstoc
					                                             Overview of IT projects

                             The electronic ID card
Current structures and processes
With more than 60 million specimens currently in use, the German ID card has become a true document of the
people. In the Federal Republic of Germany, ID cards can be applied for in more than 6,000 decentralized local
passport authorities and are produced by a central printing office. Regular ID cards are valid for ten years for
applicants aged 24 and above, and six years for younger citizens. The ID card is used not only for official
transactions with authorities, but also for the secure identification of persons in the private sector, for instance when
a person checks in at a hotel or collects registered mail at a post office.

Need for action
As a high-security document provided by the state, the ID card fulfils the requirements of secure and simple
identification in the “paper world”. So far, there is no comparable solution at reasonable costs for identifying a
person in electronic transactions, such as services via the Internet. All consistent and hence attractive transaction
services in business and administration need to apply their own identification procedures. The electronic ID card is
intended to fill this gap.

Current German ID card                                            Specimen of the new German electronic ID card

Solution: The electronic ID card
The Federal Government is going to introduce an electronic ID card with several new functions: The electronic
authentication and electronic signature will contribute to secure identification in the “electronic world”, e.g. on the
Internet. Biometric features – in line with the electronic passport – are intended to enhance the document’s
protection against forgery and abuse by unauthorized persons. These biometric functions will be accessible for
authorities only.
Added value of the electronic ID card
The electronic ID card will make it easier and more comfortable to identify persons. In the future, the identification
data will be stored on a chip which will also allow the document holder to identify him-/herself on the Internet. Thus,
the function of the current paper document will be available also for e-government and e-business, and a basis of
trust will be created for electronic business transactions. Innovative security technologies will be used for the new
ID card, which will also help modernize the administration and strengthen internal security.
The electronic ID card is a core element of the E-Government Programme 2.0 adopted by the Federal Cabinet in
September 2006. As part of this programme, the new ID card will contribute to an integrated e-identity scheme and
provide the following benefits to user groups:
                With this new type of document, citizens, administration and businesses have a reliable, cost-
                efficient and easy-to-use identification mechanism for online services available.
                The electronic ID card ensures the secure exchange of sensitive personal data. Even in the virtual
                world, communication partners (online service providers as well as users) will be sure that their
                counterpart really is the person he/she pretends to be.
                Data protection requirements will be taken into account, and new possibilities of economical data
                transmission will arise: The document holder can select the data which is required by the
                communication partner and which will be transmitted by the electronic ID card (e.g. a person’s

The ID card’s possibility of transmitting selected data is not only a benefit from a data protection perspective, but
also opens up completely new opportunities. The electronic transmission of a person’s age, for instance, may
improve the protection of young people, e.g. in the case of websites with harmful content. Similar protective
mechanisms may also be conceivable for the “offline world” with the help of the electronic ID card, e.g. for tobacco
vending machines.

The act on “ID cards and electronic identification” has been published on June 24, 2009. The first issuance of the
new electronic ID cards to citizens is scheduled for November 1st, 2010. Prior to the rollout, comprehensive tests
will be carried out to prove the concept of the electronic ID feature and to have multiple services ready for operation
at the launch date.

  Editorial office and contact
  Federal Ministry of the Interior, Division IT 4
  Biometrics, Travel and ID Documents, Registration
  Alt-Moabit 101 D, 10559 Berlin, Germany


Shared By: