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BLUEFIRE ETHANOL FUELS INC S-1 Filing

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BLUEFIRE ETHANOL FUELS INC S-1 Filing Powered By Docstoc
					                                                          UNITED STATES
                                              SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
                                                      WASHINGTON D.C. 20549

                                                                     FORM S-1

                                                       REGISTRATION STATEMENT
                                                    UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

                                                       BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES, INC.
                                                    (Name of registrant as specified in its charter)

                      Nevada                                             2860                                            20-4590982
 (State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or      (Primary Standard Industrial Classification            (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
                   organization)                                    Code Number)

                                                                    31 Musick
                                                                Irvine, CA 92618
                                                                  (949) 588-3767
                                               (Address, including zip code, and telephone number,
                                          including area code, or registrant’s principal executive offices)

                                                 The Corporation Trust Company of Nevada
                                                                 311 S Division St
                                                              Carson City, NV 89703
                                                                Tel: (608) 827-5300
                                             (Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number,
                                                     including area code, of agent for service)

                                                                      Copies to:

                                                             Lucosky Brookman LLP
                                                         33 Wood Avenue South, 6th Floor
                                                             Iselin, New Jersey 08830
                                                                Fax: (732) 395-4401

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: From time to time after the effective date of this registration statement.

If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the
Securities Act of 1933 check the following box. 

If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following
box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. 

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the
Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. 

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the
Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting
company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange
Act:

                   Large accelerated filer                                         Non-accelerated filer                     

                   Accelerated filer                                               Smaller reporting company                 
                                                CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

                                                                                     Proposed               Proposed
                                                                                    Maximum                 Maximum
                                                               Amount               Aggregate               Aggregate            Amount of
Title of Class of Securities                                    To Be             Price Per Share            Offering            Registration
to be Registered                                             Registered (1)             (2)                   Price                 Fee

Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share, issuable
pursuant to the Equity Agreement                                  5,500,000      $             0.35     $     1,925,000      $            220.61

     (1) We are registering 5,500,000 shares of our common stock (the “Shares”) that we will put to TCA Global Credit Master Fund, LP, a
Cayman Islands limited partnership (“TCA” or the “Selling Security Holder”), pursuant to a committed equity facility agreement (the “Equity
Agreement”) between the Selling Security Holder and the registrant entered into on March 28, 2012. In the event of stock splits, stock
dividends, or similar transactions involving the registrant’s common stock, the number of shares of common stock registered shall, unless
otherwise expressly provided, automatically be deemed to cover the additional securities to be offered or issued pursuant to Rule 416
promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). In the event that adjustment provisions of the Equity
Agreement require the registrant to issue more shares than are being registered in this registration statement, for reasons other than those stated
in Rule 416 of the Securities Act, the registrant will file a new registration statement to register those additional shares.

     (2) Estimated solely for purposes of calculating the registration fee pursuant to Rule 457(c) under the Securities Act, using the closing
price as reported on the Over-the-Counter Bulletin Board (the “OTCBB”) on May 2, 2012, which was $0.35 per share.
THE REGISTRANT HEREBY AMENDS THIS REGISTRATION STATEMENT ON SUCH DATE OR DATES AS MAY BE
NECESSARY TO DELAY ITS EFFECTIVE DATE UNTIL THE REGISTRANT SHALL FILE A FURTHER AMENDMENT
WHICH SPECIFICALLY STATES THAT THIS REGISTRATION STATEMENT SHALL THEREAFTER BECOME EFFECTIVE
IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 8(A) OF THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933 OR UNTIL THIS REGISTRATION STATEMENT
SHALL BECOME EFFECTIVE ON SUCH DATE AS THE COMMISSION, ACTING PURSUANT TO SAID SECTION 8(A), MAY
DETERMINE.
The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration
statement filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities
and is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.

                                                     PRELIMINARY PROSPECTUS

                                          SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED MAY 4, 2012

                                                    BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES, INC.

                                                     5,500,000 Shares of Common Stock

This prospectus relates to the resale of up to 5,500,000 shares of our common stock, par value $0.001 per share (the “Shares”), by TCA, which
are Shares that we will put to TCA by delivering an advance notice pursuant to the Equity Agreement.

The Equity Agreement with TCA provides that, for a period of twenty-four (24) months commencing on the effective date of the registration
statement, TCA is committed to purchase up to $2,000,000 of our common stock. We may draw on the facility from time to time, as and when
we determine appropriate in accordance with the terms and conditions of the Equity Agreement. The 5,500,000 Shares included in this
prospectus represent a portion of the Shares issuable to the Selling Security Holder under the Equity Agreement.

TCA is an “underwriter” within the meaning of the Securities Act in connection with the resale of our common stock under the Equity
Agreement. No other underwriter or person has been engaged to facilitate the sale of shares of our common stock in this offering. TCA will pay
us ninety-five percent (95%) of the lowest daily volume weighted average price of the Company’s common stock for the five (5) consecutive
trading days after the Company delivers to TCA an advance notice in writing requiring TCA to advance funds (an “Advance”) to the Company,
subject to the terms of the Equity Agreement.

We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of these Shares offered by the Selling Security Holder. However, we will receive proceeds from
the sale of our Shares under the Equity Agreement. The proceeds will be used for working capital or general corporate purposes. We will bear
all costs associated with this registration.

Our common stock is quoted on the OTCBB under the symbol “BFRE.OB.” The Shares registered hereunder are being offered for sale by the
Selling Security Holder at prices established on the OTCBB during the term of this offering. On May 2, 2012, the closing price as reported on
the OTCBB was $0.35 per share. These prices will fluctuate based on the demand for our common stock.

This investment involves a high degree of risk. You should purchase shares only if you can afford a complete loss. See “Risk Factors”
beginning on page 6.

Neither the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these
securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

                                               The date of this prospectus is_________, 2012
                                                          TABLE OF CONTENTS

                                                                                                                                      Page
Prospectus Summary                                                                                                                      2
Summary Financial Data                                                                                                                  5
Risk Factors                                                                                                                            6
Forward-Looking Statements                                                                                                             16
Use of Proceeds                                                                                                                        16
Determination of Offering Price                                                                                                        16
Selling Security Holders                                                                                                               16
Plan of Distribution                                                                                                                   18
Description of Securities to be Registered                                                                                             20
Description of Business                                                                                                                21
Description of Property                                                                                                                30
Legal Proceedings                                                                                                                      31
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations                                                  31
Market Price of and Dividends on Registrant’s Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters                                            37
Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure                                                   39
Directors, Executive Officers, Promoters and Control Persons                                                                           39
Executive Compensation                                                                                                                 41
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management                                                                         44
Transactions with Related Persons, Promoters, and Certain Control Persons                                                              47
Indemnification for Securities Act Liabilities                                                                                         47
Legal Matters                                                                                                                          47
Experts                                                                                                                                47
Additional Information                                                                                                                 48

You may only rely on the information contained in this prospectus or that we have referred you to. We have not authorized anyone to
provide you with different information. This prospectus does not constitute an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy any securities
other than the common stock offered by this prospectus. This prospectus does not constitute an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to
buy any common stock in any circumstances in which such offer or solicitation is unlawful. Neither the delivery of this prospectus nor any
sale made in connection with this prospectus shall, under any circumstances, create any implication that there has been no change in our
affairs since the date of this prospectus is correct as of any time after its date.


                                                                       1
                                                        PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

The following summary highlights selected information contained in this prospectus. This summary does not contain all the information you
should consider before investing in the securities. Before making an investment decision, you should read the entire prospectus carefully,
including the “risk factors” section, the financial statements and the notes to the financial statements. References to the “Company,” “we,”
“us,” “our” and similar words refer to BlueFire Renewables, Inc.

                                                    BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES, INC.

Our Company

We are BlueFire Renewables, Inc., a Nevada corporation. Our goal is to develop, own and operate high-value carbohydrate-based
transportation fuel plants, or biorefineries, to produce ethanol, a viable alternative to fossil fuels, and to provide professional services to
biorefineries worldwide. Our biorefineries will convert widely available, inexpensive, organic materials such as agricultural residues,
high-content biomass crops, wood residues and cellulose from municipal solid wastes into ethanol. This versatility enables us to consider a
wide variety of feedstocks and locations in which to develop facilities to become a low cost producer of ethanol. We have licensed for use a
patented process from Arkenol, Inc., a Nevada corporation (“Arkenol”), to produce ethanol from cellulose (the “Arkenol Technology”). We are
the exclusive North America licensee of the Arkenol Technology. We may also utilize certain biorefinery related rights, assets, work-product,
intellectual property and other know-how related to 19 ethanol project opportunities originally developed by ARK Energy, Inc., a Nevada
corporation, to accelerate our deployment of the Arkenol Technology.

Company History

We are a Nevada corporation that was initially organized as Atlanta Technology Group, Inc., a Delaware corporation, on October 12, 1993.
The Company was re-named Docplus.net Corporation on December 31, 1998, and further re-named Sucre Agricultural Corp. (“Sucre”) and
re-domiciled as a Nevada corporation on March 6, 2006. Finally, on May 24, 2006, in anticipation of the reverse merger by which it would
acquire BlueFire Ethanol, Inc., a privately held Nevada corporation organized on March 28, 2006, as described below, the Company was
re-named to BlueFire Ethanol Fuels, Inc.

On June 27, 2006, the Company completed a reverse merger (the “Reverse Merger”) with BlueFire Ethanol, Inc. (“BlueFire Ethanol”). At the
time of Reverse Merger, the Company was a blank-check company and had no operations, revenues or liabilities. The only asset possessed by
the Company was $690,000 in cash which continued to be owned by the Company at the time of the Reverse Merger. In connection with the
Reverse Merger, the Company issued BlueFire Ethanol 17,000,000 shares of common stock, approximately 85% of all of the outstanding
common stock of the Company, for all the issued and outstanding BlueFire Ethanol common stock. The Company stockholders retained
4,028,264 shares of the Company’s common stock. As a result of the Reverse Merger, BlueFire Ethanol became our wholly-owned subsidiary.
On June 21, 2006, prior to and in anticipation of the Reverse Merger, the Company sold 3,000,000 shares of common stock to two related
investors in a private offering of shares pursuant to Rule 504 for proceeds of $1,000,000.

On July 20, 2010, the Company changed its name to BlueFire Renewables, Inc. to more accurately reflect our primary business plan expanding
the focus from just building cellulosic ethanol projects to include other advanced biofuels, biodiesel, and other drop-in biofuels as well as
synthetic lubricants.

The Company’s shares of common stock began trading under the symbol “BFRE.PK” on the Pink Sheets of the National Quotation Bureau on
July 11, 2006, and later began trading on the OTCBB under the symbol “BFRE.OB” on June 19, 2007. On May 2, 2012, the closing price of
our Common Stock was $0.35 per share.

Our executive offices are located at 31 Musick, Irvine, California 92618 and our telephone number at such office is (949) 588-3767.


                                                                      2
About This Offering

This offering relates to the resale of up to 5,500,000 shares of our common stock by the Selling Security Holder, which are the Shares that we
will put to TCA pursuant to the Equity Agreement. The 5,500,000 shares included in this prospectus represent a portion of the aggregate shares
issuable to the Selling Security Holder under the Equity Agreement. Pursuant to the Equity Agreement:

        TCA agreed to purchase from the Company, from time to time, in the Company’s discretion (subject to the conditions set forth therein), f
         period of twenty-four (24) months, commencing on the effective date of the registration statement filed by the Company for resale of
         Shares issuable under the Purchase Agreement, up to $2,000,000 of the Company’s common stock;

        Pursuant to a registration rights agreement between the Company and TCA entered into in connection with the Equity Agreement,
         Company agreed to file a registration statement with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) for the resale of not less t
         the maximum number of shares of common stock allowable pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act, of shares of common st
         issuable under the Equity Agreement;

        The purchase price for the shares of common stock sold under the Equity Agreement will be equal to ninety-five percent (95%) of the low
         daily volume weighted average price of the Company’s common stock for the five (5) consecutive trading days (the “Pricing Period”) after
         Company delivers to TCA an Advance notice in writing (the “Market Price”) requiring TCA to Advance funds to the Company, subject to
         terms of the Equity Agreement.

        The maximum amount of common stock that TCA shall be obligated to purchase with respect to any single Advance under the Eq
         Agreement will be the greater of: (i) an amount calculated by multiplying the Market Price applicable to the relevant Advance notice
         200,000 shares or (ii) two hundred percent (200%) of the average daily volume of shares of common stock traded during the immedia
         preceding five (5) consecutive trading days applicable to the relevant Advance notice.

        As further consideration for TCA entering into and structuring the equity facility, the Company shall pay to TCA a fee by issuing to TCA
         number of shares of the Company’s common stock that equal a dollar amount of one hundred thousand dollars ($110,000) (the “Facility
         Shares”). It is the intention of the Company and TCA that the value of the Facility Fee Shares shall equal $110,000. In the event the valu
         the Facility Fee Shares issued to TCA does not equal $110,000 after a ninth month evaluation date, the Equity Agreement provides fo
         adjustment provision allowing for necessary action to adjust the number of shares issued.

We relied on an exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act. The transaction does not involve a private offering, TCA is
an “accredited investor” and/or qualified institutional buyer and TCA has access to information about the Company and its investment.

At an assumed purchase price under the Purchase Agreement of $0.333 (equal to 95% of the closing price of our common stock of $0.35 on
May 2, 2012), we will be able to receive up to $1,828,750 in gross proceeds, assuming the sale of the entire 5,500,000 Shares being registered
hereunder pursuant to the Equity Agreement. At an assumed purchase price of $0.333 under the Equity Agreement, we would be required to
register approximately 515,038 additional shares to obtain the balance of $2,000,000 under the Equity Agreement. The Company is currently
authorized to issue 100,000,000 shares of its common stock. TCA has agreed, subject to certain exceptions listed in the Equity Agreement, to
refrain from holding an amount of shares which would result in TCA or its affiliates from owning more than 9.99% of the then-outstanding
shares of the Company’s common stock at any one time.

We will bear the expenses of this offering which we estimate to be approximately $38,000, including legal expenses of approximately $30,000,
accounting expenses of approximately $5,000, and miscellaneous expenses, including printer costs, of approximately $3,000.

There are substantial risks to investors as a result of the issuance of shares of our common stock under the Equity Agreement. These risks
include dilution of stockholders, significant decline in our stock price and our inability to draw sufficient funds when needed.


                                                                      3
TCA will periodically purchase our common stock under the Equity Agreement and will, in turn, sell such shares to investors in the market at
the market price. This may cause our stock price to decline, which will require us to issue increasing numbers of common shares to TCA to
raise the same amount of funds, as our stock price declines. Neither the Equity Agreement nor any rights of the parties under the Equity
Agreement may be assigned or delegated to any other person.

Summary of the Shares Offered by the Selling Security Holder

Common stock Offered by the Selling Security      5,500,000 shares of common stock.
Holder

Common Stock Outstanding Before the               32,776,919 as of May 2, 2012
Offering

Common Stock Outstanding After the                38,276,919 shares, assuming the sale of all of the shares being registered in this
Offering                                          Registration Statement.

Terms of the Offering                             The Selling Security Holder will determine when and how it will sell the common stock
                                                  offered in this prospectus.

Termination of the Offering                       Pursuant to the Equity Agreement, this offering will terminate twenty-four (24) months
                                                  after the registration statement to which this prospectus is made a part is declared effective
                                                  by the SEC.

Use of Proceeds                                   We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of the shares of common stock offered by
                                                  the Selling Security Holder. However, we will receive proceeds from the sale of our
                                                  common stock under the Equity Agreement. The proceeds from the offering will be used
                                                  for working capital and general corporate purpose. See “Use of Proceeds.”

Risk Factors                                      The common stock offered hereby involves a high degree of risk and should not be
                                                  purchased by investors who cannot afford the loss of their entire investment. See “Risk
                                                  Factors” beginning on page 6.

OTCBB Symbol                                      BFRE.OB


                                                                     4
                                                    SUMMARY FINANCIAL DATA

The following selected financial information is derived from the Company’s Financial Statements appearing elsewhere in this Prospectus and
should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Financial Statements, including the notes thereto, appearing elsewhere in this Prospectus.

The following selected financial information is derived from the Company’s Financial Statements appearing elsewhere in this Prospectus and
should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Financial Statements, including the notes thereto, appearing elsewhere in this Prospectus.

Summary of Operations

For the Years Ended December 31,
                                                                                                           2011                2010
Total Revenue                                                                                        $       204,326      $      669,343
Loss from operations                                                                                 $    (2,143,750 )    $   (2,423,955 )
Net loss                                                                                             $    (1,384,981 )    $     (922,906 )
Net loss per common share (basic and diluted)                                                        $          (0.05 )   $         (0.03 )
Weighted average common shares outstanding                                                                30,101,167          28,379,920

Statement of Financial Position

For the Years Ended December 31,
                                                                                                          2011                 2010
Cash and cash equivalents                                                                            $        15,028      $      592,359
Total assets                                                                                         $     1,426,275      $    1,938,152
Working Capital                                                                                      $    (1,520,486 )    $       38,708
Long term debt                                                                                       $             -      $            -
Stockholders’ equity ( deficit )                                                                     $    (1,219,346 )    $     (221,141 )



                                                                    5
                                                               RISK FACTORS

An investment in the Company’s common stock involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the risks described below as well
as other information provided to you in this prospectus, including information in the section of this document entitled “Forward Looking
Statements.” If any of the following risks actually occur, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be materially adversely
affected, the value of our common stock could decline, and you may lose all or part of your investment.

RISKS RELATED TO OUR BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY

SINCE INCEPTION, WE HAVE HAD LIMITED OPERATIONS AND HAVE INCURRED NET LOSSES OF $31,374,304 AND WE
NEED ADDITIONAL CAPITAL TO EXECUTE OUR BUSINESS PLAN.

We have had limited operations and have incurred net losses of approximately $31,374,304 for the period from March 28, 2006 (“Inception”)
through December 31, 2011, of which approximately $16,822,957 was cash used in our operating activities. We have generated revenues from
consulting of approximately $143,615 and approximately $6,172,775 in grant revenue from the DOE for total revenues of approximately
$6,300,000, and no revenues from intended operations. We have yet to begin ethanol production or construction of ethanol producing plants.
Since the Reverse Merger, we have been engaged in developmental activities, including developing a strategic operating plan, plant
engineering and development activities, entering into contracts, hiring personnel, developing processing technology, and raising private capital.
Our continued existence is dependent upon our ability to obtain additional debt and/or equity financing. We are uncertain given the economic
landscape when to anticipate the beginning construction of a plant given the availability of capital. We estimate the engineering, procurement,
and construction (“EPC”) cost including contingencies to be in the range of approximately $100 million to $125 million for our Lancaster
Biorefinery, and approximately $300 million for our Fulton Project. We plan to raise additional funds through project financings, grants and/or
loan guarantees, or through future sales of our common stock, until such time as our revenues are sufficient to meet our cost structure, and
ultimately achieve profitable operations. There is no assurance we will be successful in raising additional capital or achieving profitable
operations. Wherever possible, the Company’s Board of Directors (the “Board of Directors”) will attempt to use non-cash consideration to
satisfy obligations. In many instances, we believe that the non-cash consideration will consist of restricted shares of our common stock. These
actions will result in dilution of the ownership interests of existing shareholders may further dilute common stock book value, and that dilution
may be material.

WE HAVE A LIMITED OPERATING HISTORY WITH SIGNIFICANT LOSSES AND EXPECT LOSSES TO CONTINUE FOR THE
FORESEEABLE FUTURE.

We have yet to establish any history of profitable operations. In two of the last three years we have incurred annual operating losses. Operating
losses were $2,143,750 and $2,243,955 for fiscal years ended 2011 and 2010, respectively. As a result, at December 31, 2011, we had net
losses of approximately $31,374,304 since Inception. In 2011, we had net loss of $1,384,981, which was partially a result of non-cash gains on
the change in fair value of warrant liabilities and a one-time revenue transaction. Our revenues have not been sufficient to sustain our
operations. We expect that our revenues will not be sufficient to sustain our operations for the foreseeable future. Our profitability will require
the successful commercialization of at least one commercial scale cellulose to ethanol facility. No assurances can be given when this will occur
or that we will ever be profitable.

AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2011, THE COMPANY HAS A NEGATIVE WORKING CAPITAL OF APPROXIMATELY $1,520,000.

Management has estimated that operating expenses for the next twelve months will be approximately $1,700,000, excluding engineering costs
related to the development of bio-refinery projects. These matters raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going
concern. For the remainder of 2012, the Company intends to fund its operations with reimbursements under the Department of Energy contract,
from the sale of Fulton Project equity ownership, from the sale of debt or equity instruments, and our equity purchase agreement consummated
with LPC in January 2011 (as discussed herein). The Company’s ability to get reimbursed on the DOE contract is dependent on the availability
of cash to pay for the related costs. As of May 2, 2012, the Company expects the current resources, as well as the resources available in the
short term under the LPC Purchase Agreement, will only be sufficient for a period of approximately two months, depending upon certain
funding conditions contained herein, unless significant additional financing is received. Management has determined that general expenditures
must be reduced and additional capital will be required in the form of equity or debt securities. In addition, if we cannot raise additional short
term capital we will be forced to continue to further accrue liabilities due to our limited cash reserves. There are no assurances that
management will be able to raise capital on terms acceptable to the Company. If we are unable to obtain sufficient amounts of additional
capital, we may be required to reduce the scope of our planned development, which could harm our business, financial condition and operating
results.


                                                                        6
OUR CELLULOSE-TO-ETHANOL TECHNOLOGIES ARE UNPROVEN ON A LARGE-SCALE COMMERCIAL BASIS AND
PERFORMANCE COULD FAIL TO MEET PROJECTIONS, WHICH COULD HAVE A DETRIMENTAL EFFECT ON THE
LONG-TERM CAPITAL APPRECIATION OF OUR STOCK.

While production of ethanol from corn, sugars and starches is a mature technology, newer technologies for production of ethanol from cellulose
biomass have not been built at large commercial scales. The technologies being utilized by us for ethanol production from biomass have not
been demonstrated on a commercial scale. All of the tests conducted to date by us with respect to the Arkenol Technology have been performed
on limited quantities of feedstocks, and we cannot assure you that the same or similar results could be obtained at competitive costs on a
large-scale commercial basis. We have never utilized these technologies under the conditions or in the volumes that will be required to be
profitable and cannot predict all of the difficulties that may arise. It is possible that the technologies, when used, may require further research,
development, design and testing prior to larger-scale commercialization. Accordingly, we cannot assure you that these technologies will
perform successfully on a large-scale commercial basis or at all.

OUR BUSINESS EMPLOYS LICENSED ARKENOL TECHNOLOGY WHICH MAY BE DIFFICULT TO PROTECT AND MAY
INFRINGE ON THE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS OF THIRD PARTIES.

We currently license our technology from Arkenol. Arkenol owns 11 U.S. patents, 21 foreign patents, and has one foreign patent pending and
may file more patent applications in the future. Our success depends, in part, on our ability to use the Arkenol Technology, and for Arkenol to
obtain patents, maintain trade secrecy and not infringe the proprietary rights of third parties. We cannot assure you that the patents of others
will not have an adverse effect on our ability to conduct our business, that we will develop additional proprietary technology that is patentable
or that any patents issued to us or Arkenol will provide us with competitive advantages or will not be challenged by third parties. Further, we
cannot assure you that others will not independently develop similar or superior technologies, duplicate elements of the Arkenol Technology or
design around it.

It is possible that we may need to acquire other licenses to, or to contest the validity of, issued or pending patents or claims of third parties. We
cannot assure you that any license would be made available to us on acceptable terms, if at all, or that we would prevail in any such contest. In
addition, we could incur substantial costs in defending ourselves in suits brought against us for alleged infringement of another party’s patents
in bringing patent infringement suits against other parties based on our licensed patents.

In addition to licensed patent protection, we also rely on trade secrets, proprietary know-how and technology that we seek to protect, in part, by
confidentiality agreements with our prospective joint venture partners, employees and consultants. We cannot assure you that these agreements
will not be breached, that we will have adequate remedies for any breach, or that our trade secrets and proprietary know-how will not otherwise
become known or be independently discovered by others.

OUR SUCCESS DEPENDS UPON ARNOLD KLANN, OUR CHAIRMAN AND CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER, AND JOHN CUZENS,
OUR CHIEF TECHNOLOGY OFFICER AND SENIOR VICE PRESIDENT.

We believe that our success will depend to a significant extent upon the efforts and abilities of (i) Arnold Klann, our Chairman and Chief
Executive Officer, due to his contacts in the ethanol and cellulose industries and his overall insight into our business, and (ii) John Cuzens, our
Chief Technology Officer and Senior Vice President for his technical and engineering expertise, including his familiarity with the Arkenol
Technology. Our failure to retain Mr. Klann or Mr. Cuzens, or to attract and retain additional qualified personnel, could adversely affect our
operations. We do not currently carry key-man life insurance on any of our officers.


                                                                         7
COMPETITION FROM LARGE PRODUCERS OF PETROLEUM-BASED GASOLINE ADDITIVES AND OTHER COMPETITIVE
PRODUCTS MAY IMPACT OUR PROFITABILITY.

Our proposed ethanol plants will also compete with producers of other gasoline additives made from other raw materials having similar octane
and oxygenate values as ethanol. The major oil companies have significantly greater resources than we have to develop alternative products
and to influence legislation and public perception of ethanol. These other companies also have significant resources to begin production of
ethanol should they choose to do so.

We will also compete with producers of other gasoline additives having similar octane and oxygenate values as ethanol. An example of such
other additives is MTBE, a petrochemical derived from methanol. MTBE costs less to produce than ethanol. Many major oil companies
produce MTBE and because it is petroleum-based, its use is strongly supported by major oil companies. Alternative fuels, gasoline oxygenates
and alternative ethanol production methods are also continually under development. The major oil companies have significantly greater
resources than we have to market MTBE, to develop alternative products, and to influence legislation and public perception of MTBE and
ethanol.

OUR BUSINESS PROSPECTS WILL BE IMPACTED BY CORN SUPPLY.

Our ethanol will be produced from cellulose, however currently most ethanol is produced from corn, which is affected by weather,
governmental policy, disease and other conditions. A significant increase in the availability of corn and resulting reduction in the price of corn
may decrease the price of ethanol and harm our business.

IF ETHANOL AND GASOLINE PRICES DROP SIGNIFICANTLY, WE WILL ALSO BE FORCED TO REDUCE OUR PRICES,
WHICH POTENTIALLY MAY LEAD TO FURTHER LOSSES.

Prices for ethanol products can vary significantly over time and decreases in price levels could adversely affect our profitability and viability.
The price of ethanol has some relation to the price of gasoline. The price of ethanol tends to increase as the price of gasoline increases, and the
price of ethanol tends to decrease as the price of gasoline decreases. Any lowering of gasoline prices will likely also lead to lower prices for
ethanol and adversely affect our operating results. We cannot assure you that we will be able to sell our ethanol profitably, or at all.

INCREASED ETHANOL PRODUCTION FROM CELLULOSE IN THE UNITED STATES COULD INCREASE THE DEMAND AND
PRICE OF FEEDSTOCKS, REDUCING OUR PROFITABILITY.

New ethanol plants that utilize cellulose as their feedstock may be under construction or in the planning stages throughout the United States.
This increased ethanol production could increase cellulose demand and prices, resulting in higher production costs and lower profits.

PRICE INCREASES OR INTERRUPTIONS IN NEEDED ENERGY SUPPLIES COULD CAUSE LOSS OF CUSTOMERS AND
IMPAIR OUR PROFITABILITY.

Ethanol production requires a constant and consistent supply of energy. If there is any interruption in our supply of energy for whatever reason,
such as availability, delivery or mechanical problems, we may be required to halt production. If we halt production for any extended period of
time, it will have a material adverse effect on our business. Natural gas and electricity prices have historically fluctuated significantly. We
purchase significant amounts of these resources as part of our ethanol production. Increases in the price of natural gas or electricity would harm
our business and financial results by increasing our energy costs.

OUR BUSINESS PLAN CALLS FOR EXTENSIVE AMOUNTS OF FUNDING TO CONSTRUCT AND OPERATE OUR
BIOREFINERY PROJECTS AND WE MAY NOT BE ABLE TO OBTAIN SUCH FUNDING WHICH COULD ADVERSELY AFFECT
OUR BUSINESS, OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION.

Our business plan depends on the completion of up to 19 biorefinery projects. Although each facility will have specific funding requirements,
our proposed Lancaster Biorefinery will require approximately $100-$125 million in EPC costs, and our proposed Fulton Project will require
approximately $300 million in EPC costs. We will be relying on additional financing, and funding from such sources as Federal and State
grants and loan guarantee programs. In 2010, BlueFire was notified by the DOE LGPO, that it had rejected our application for the Lancaster
Biorefinery, and in 2011, BlueFire was notified by the DOE LGPO that it would not move forward with its application on the Fulton Project
until it had secured the necessary equity commitment on that project. In October 2011, BlueFire was notified by its lender (“Lender”) for the
Company’s USDA loan guarantee application that the USDA sent the Lender notice that they are currently ineligible to participate in the
USDA Biorefinery Assistance Program. We are currently in discussions with potential sources of financing but no definitive agreements are in
place. If we cannot achieve the requisite financing or complete the projects as anticipated, this could adversely affect our business, the results
of our operations, prospects and financial condition.
8
RISKS RELATED TO GOVERNMENT REGULATION AND SUBSIDIZATION

FEDERAL REGULATIONS CONCERNING TAX INCENTIVES COULD EXPIRE OR CHANGE, WHICH COULD CAUSE AN
EROSION OF THE CURRENT COMPETITIVE STRENGTH OF THE ETHANOL INDUSTRY.

Congress currently provides certain federal tax credits for ethanol producers and marketers. The current ethanol industry and our business
initially depend on the continuation of these credits. The credits have supported a market for ethanol that might disappear without the credits.
These credits may not continue beyond their scheduled expiration date or, if they continue, the incentives may not be at the same level. The
revocation or amendment of any one or more of these tax incentives could adversely affect the future use of ethanol in a material way, and we
cannot assure investors that any of these tax incentives will be continued. The elimination or reduction of federal tax incentives to the ethanol
industry could have a material adverse impact on the industry as a whole.

WE RELY ON ACCESS TO FUNDING FROM THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY. IF WE CANNOT ACCESS
GOVERNMENT FUNDING WE MAY BE UNABLE TO FINANCE OUR PROJECTS AND/OR OUR OPERATIONS.

Our operations have been financed to a large degree through funding provided by the DOE. We rely on access to this funding as a source of
liquidity for capital requirements not satisfied by the cash flow from our operations. If we are unable to access government funding our ability
to finance our projects and/or operations and implement our strategy and business plan will be severely hampered. In 2008, the Company began
to draw down on the Award 1 monies that were finalized with the DOE. As our Fulton Project developed further, the Company was able to
begin drawing down on the second phase of DOE monies (“Award 2”). Although we finalized Award 1 with a total reimbursable amount of
$6,425,564, and Award 2 with a total reimbursable amount of $81,134,686 and through December 31, 2011, we have an unreimbursed amount
of approximately $366,000 available to us under Award 1, and approximately $77,950,563 under Award 2, we cannot guarantee that we will
continue to receive grants, loan guarantees, or other funding for our projects from the DOE.

The Company estimates the amounts to be reimbursed by the DOE by applying a portion of approved indirect costs (overhead) to the direct
project costs in a calculation which derives what is known as our indirect rate. This indirect rate is used to reimburse the Company for the costs
incurred that are not directly related to the project. This rate calculation is estimated by the Company, and is subject to change periodically. In
the event that the Company over estimates this rate or under estimates this rate, it may have an impact to our financial statements and future
ability to be reimbursed under the awards.

In June 2011, it was determined that the Company had received an overpayment of approximately $354,000 from the cumulative
reimbursements of the DOE grants under Award 1. The Company and DOE tentatively agreed to net overpayments with monies still available
to the Company of approximately $366,000 under Award 1 in order to further its completion. While the above terms have been tentatively
agreed to, the method and process in which the matter is resolved is still in process. If demand for payment were to be made by the DOE, our
cash flow intended for operations would be negatively affected.


                                                                        9
LAX ENFORCEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY POLICY REGULATIONS MAY ADVERSELY AFFECT DEMAND
FOR ETHANOL.

Our success will depend in part on effective enforcement of existing environmental and energy policy regulations. Many of our potential
customers are unlikely to switch from the use of conventional fuels unless compliance with applicable regulatory requirements leads, directly
or indirectly, to the use of ethanol. Both additional regulation and enforcement of such regulatory provisions are likely to be vigorously
opposed by the entities affected by such requirements. If existing emissions-reducing standards are weakened, or if governments are not active
and effective in enforcing such standards, our business and results of operations could be adversely affected. Even if the current trend toward
more stringent emission standards continues, we will depend on the ability of ethanol to satisfy these emissions standards more efficiently than
other alternative technologies. Certain standards imposed by regulatory programs may limit or preclude the use of our products to comply with
environmental or energy requirements. Any decrease in the emission standards or the failure to enforce existing emission standards and other
regulations could result in a reduced demand for ethanol. A significant decrease in the demand for ethanol will reduce the price of ethanol,
adversely affect our profitability and decrease the value of your stock.

COSTS OF COMPLIANCE WITH BURDENSOME OR CHANGING ENVIRONMENTAL AND OPERATIONAL SAFETY
REGULATIONS COULD CAUSE OUR FOCUS TO BE DIVERTED AWAY FROM OUR BUSINESS AND OUR RESULTS OF
OPERATIONS TO SUFFER.

Ethanol production involves the emission of various airborne pollutants, including particulate matter, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrous
oxide, volatile organic compounds and sulfur dioxide. The production facilities that we will build will discharge water into the environment. As
a result, we are subject to complicated environmental regulations of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and regulations and permitting
requirements of the states where our plants are to be located. These regulations are subject to change and such changes may require additional
capital expenditures or increased operating costs. Consequently, considerable resources may be required to comply with future environmental
regulations. In addition, our ethanol plants could be subject to environmental nuisance or related claims by employees, property owners or
residents near the ethanol plants arising from air or water discharges. Ethanol production has been known to produce an odor to which
surrounding residents could object. Environmental and public nuisance claims, or tort claims based on emissions, or increased environmental
compliance costs could significantly increase our operating costs.

OUR PROPOSED NEW ETHANOL PLANTS WILL ALSO BE SUBJECT TO FEDERAL AND STATE LAWS REGARDING
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY.

Risks of substantial compliance costs and liabilities are inherent in ethanol production. We may be subject to costs and liabilities related to
worker safety and job related injuries, some of which may be significant. Possible future developments, including stricter safety laws for
workers and other individuals, regulations and enforcement policies and claims for personal or property damages resulting from operation of
the ethanol plants could reduce the amount of cash that would otherwise be available to further enhance our business.

RISKS RELATED TO OUR COMMON STOCK AND THIS OFFERING

THERE IS NO LIQUID MARKET FOR OUR COMMON STOCK.

Our shares are traded on the OTCBB and the trading volume has historically been very low. An active trading market for our shares may not
develop or be sustained. We cannot predict at this time how actively our shares will trade in the public market or whether the price of our
shares in the public market will reflect our actual financial performance.

THE MARKET PRICE OF OUR COMMON STOCK IS HIGHLY VOLATILE AND STOCKHOLDERS MAY NOT BE ABLE TO
RESELL THEIR SHARES AT OR ABOVE THE PRICE AT WHICH SUCH SHARES WERE PURCHASED.

The market price of our common stock may fluctuate significantly. From July 11, 2006, the day we began trading publicly as BFRE.PK, and
December 31, 2011, traded as BFRE.OB, the high and low price for our common stock has been $7.90 and $0.05 per share, respectively. Our
share price has fluctuated in response to various factors, including not yet beginning construction of our first plant, needing additional time to
organize engineering resources, issues relating to feedstock sources, trying to locate suitable plant locations, locating distributors and finding
funding sources.


                                                                       10
THE APPLICATION OF THE “PENNY STOCK” RULES COULD ADVERSELY AFFECT THE MARKET PRICE OF OUR COMMON
SHARES AND INCREASE YOUR TRANSACTION COSTS TO SELL THOSE SHARES.

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) has adopted rule 3a51-1 which establishes the definition of a “penny stock,” for
the purposes relevant to us, as any equity security that has a market price of less than $5.00 per share or with an exercise price of less than
$5.00 per share, subject to certain exceptions. For any transaction involving a penny stock, unless exempt, Rule 15g-9 requires:

        that a broker or dealer approve a person’s account for transactions in penny stocks; and

        the broker or dealer receive from the investor a written agreement to the transaction, setting forth the identity and quantity of the
         penny stock to be purchased.

In order to approve a person’s account for transactions in penny stocks, the broker or dealer must:

        obtain financial information and investment experience objectives of the person; and

        make a reasonable determination that the transactions in penny stocks are suitable for that person and the person has sufficient
         knowledge and experience in financial matters to be capable of evaluating the risks of transactions in penny stocks.

The broker or dealer must also deliver, prior to any transaction in a penny stock, a disclosure schedule prescribed by the SEC relating to the
penny stock market, which, in highlight form:

        sets forth the basis on which the broker or dealer made the suitability determination; and

        that the broker or dealer received a signed, written agreement from the investor prior to the transaction.

Generally, brokers may be less willing to execute transactions in securities subject to the “penny stock” rules. This may make it more difficult
for investors to dispose of our common stock and cause a decline in the market value of our stock.

AS AN ISSUER OF “PENNY STOCK,” THE PROTECTION PROVIDED BY THE FEDERAL SECURITIES LAWS RELATING TO
FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS DOES NOT APPLY TO US.

Although federal securities laws provide a safe harbor for forward-looking statements made by a public company that files reports under the
federal securities laws, this safe harbor is not available to issuers of penny stocks. As a result, the Company will not have the benefit of this
safe harbor protection in the event of any legal action based upon a claim that the material provided by the Company contained a material
misstatement of fact or was misleading in any material respect because of the Company’s failure to include any statements necessary to make
the statements not misleading. Such an action could hurt our financial condition.

COMPLIANCE AND CONTINUED MONITORING IN CONNECTION WITH CHANGING REGULATION OF CORPORATE
GOVERNANCE AND PUBLIC DISCLOSURE MAY RESULT IN ADDITIONAL EXPENSES.

Changing laws, regulations and standards relating to corporate governance and public disclosure may create uncertainty regarding compliance
matters. New or changed laws, regulations and standards are subject to varying interpretations in many cases. As a result, their application in
practice may evolve over time. We are committed to maintaining high standards of corporate governance and public disclosure. Complying
with evolving interpretations of new or changed legal requirements may cause us to incur higher costs as we revise current practices, policies
and procedures, and may divert management time and attention from the achievement of revenue generating activities to compliance activities.
If our efforts to comply with new or changed laws, regulations and standards differ from the activities intended by regulatory or governing
bodies due to uncertainties related to practice, our reputation might be harmed which would could have a significant impact on our stock price
and our business. In addition, the ongoing maintenance of these procedures to be in compliance with these laws, regulations and standards
could result in significant increase in costs.


                                                                       11
OUR PRINCIPAL STOCKHOLDER HAS SIGNIFICANT VOTING POWER AND MAY TAKE ACTIONS THAT MAY NOT BE IN THE
BEST INTEREST OF ALL OTHER STOCKHOLDERS.

The Company’s Chairman and President controls approximately 40% of its current outstanding shares of voting common stock. He may be
able to exert significant control over our management and affairs requiring stockholder approval, including approval of significant corporate
transactions. This concentration of ownership may expedite approvals of company decisions, or have the effect of delaying or preventing a
change in control, adversely affect the market price of our common stock, or be in the best interests of all our stockholders.

YOU COULD BE DILUTED FROM THE ISSUANCE OF ADDITIONAL COMMON STOCK.

As of May 2, 2012, we had 32,776,919 shares of common stock outstanding and no shares of preferred stock outstanding. We are authorized to
issue up to 100,000,000 shares of common stock and 1,000,000 shares of preferred stock. To the extent of such authorization, our Board of
Directors will have the ability, without seeking stockholder approval, to issue additional shares of common stock or preferred stock in the
future for such consideration as the Board of Directors may consider sufficient. The issuance of additional common stock or preferred stock in
the future may reduce your proportionate ownership and voting power.

THE MARKET PRICE FOR OUR COMMON SHARES IS PARTICULARLY VOLATILE GIVEN OUR STATUS AS A RELATIVELY
UNKNOWN COMPANY WITH A SMALL AND THINLY TRADED PUBLIC FLOAT, LIMITED OPERATING HISTORY AND LACK
OF PROFITS WHICH COULD LEAD TO WIDE FLUCTUATIONS IN OUR SHARE PRICE. YOU MAY BE UNABLE TO SELL YOUR
COMMON SHARES AT OR ABOVE YOUR PURCHASE PRICE, WHICH MAY RESULT IN SUBSTANTIAL LOSSES TO YOU.

The market for our common shares is characterized by significant price volatility when compared to the shares of larger, more established
companies that trade on a national securities exchange and have large public floats, and we expect that our share price will continue to be more
volatile than the shares of such larger, more established companies for the indefinite future. The volatility in our share price is attributable to a
number of factors. First, as noted above, our common shares are, compared to the shares of such larger, more established companies,
sporadically and thinly traded. As a consequence of this limited liquidity, the trading of relatively small quantities of shares by our shareholders
may disproportionately influence the price of those shares in either direction. The price for our shares could, for example, decline precipitously
in the event that a large number of our common shares are sold on the market without commensurate demand. Secondly, we are a speculative
or “risky” investment due to our limited operating history and lack of profits to date, and uncertainty of future market acceptance for our
potential products. As a consequence of this enhanced risk, more risk-adverse investors may, under the fear of losing all or most of their
investment in the event of negative news or lack of progress, be more inclined to sell their shares on the market more quickly and at greater
discounts than would be the case with the stock of a larger, more established company that trades on a national securities exchange and has a
large public float. Many of these factors are beyond our control and may decrease the market price of our common shares, regardless of our
operating performance. We cannot make any predictions or projections as to what the prevailing market price for our common shares will be
at any time, including as to whether our common shares will sustain their current market prices, or as to what effect that the sale of shares or
the availability of common shares for sale at any time will have on the prevailing market price.

WE ARE REGISTERING AN AGGREGATE OF 5,500,000 SHARES OF COMMON STOCK TO BE ISSUED UNDER THE EQUITY
AGREEMENT. THE SALE OF SUCH SHARES COULD DEPRESS THE MARKET PRICE OF OUR COMMON STOCK.

We are registering an aggregate of 5,500,000 Shares of common stock under the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part for
issuance pursuant to the Equity Agreement. Notwithstanding TCA’s ownership limitation, the 5,500,000 Shares would represent approximately
14.4% of our shares of common stock outstanding immediately after our exercise of the put right under the Equity Agreement. The sale of
these Shares into the public market by TCA could depress the market price of our common stock. At the assumed offering price of $0.333 per
share, we will be able to receive up to $1,828,750 in gross proceeds, assuming the sale of the entire 5,500,000 Shares being registered
hereunder pursuant to the Equity Agreement. We would be required to register approximately 515,038 additional shares to obtain the balance
of $2,000,000 under the Equity Agreement at the assumed offering price of $0.333. Due to the floating offering price, we are not able to
determine the exact number of shares that we will issue under the Equity Agreement.


                                                                         12
THE COMPANY MAY NOT HAVE ACCESS TO THE FULL AMOUNT AVAILABLE UNDER THE EQUITY AGREEMENT.

We have not drawn down funds and have not issued shares of our common stock under the Equity Agreement with TCA. Our ability to draw
down funds and sell shares under the Equity Agreement requires that the registration statement, of which this prospectus is a part, be declared
effective by the SEC, and that this registration statement continue to be effective. In addition, the registration statement of which this
prospectus is a part registers 5,500,000 Shares issuable under the Equity Agreement, and our ability to access the Equity Agreement to sell any
remaining shares issuable under the Equity Agreement is subject to our ability to prepare and file one or more additional registration statements
registering the resale of these shares. These subsequent registration statements may be subject to review and comment by the staff of the SEC,
and will require the consent of our independent registered public accounting firm. Therefore, the timing of effectiveness of these subsequent
registration statements cannot be assured. The effectiveness of these subsequent registration statements is a condition precedent to our ability
to sell the shares of common stock subject to these subsequent registration statements to TCA under the Equity Agreement. Even if we are
successful in causing one or more registration statements registering the resale of some or all of the shares issuable under the Equity Agreement
to be declared effective by the SEC in a timely manner, we will not be able to sell shares under the Equity Agreement unless certain other
conditions are met. Accordingly, because our ability to draw down amounts under the Equity Agreement is subject to a number of conditions,
there is no guarantee that we will be able to draw down any portion or all of the $2,000,000 available to us under the Equity Agreement.

CERTAIN RESTRICTIONS ON THE EXTENT OF PUTS AND THE DELIVERY OF ADVANCE NOTICES MAY HAVE LITTLE, IF
ANY, EFFECT ON THE ADVERSE IMPACT OF OUR ISSUANCE OF SHARES IN CONNECTION WITH THE EQUITY
AGREEMENT, AND AS SUCH, TCA MAY SELL A LARGE NUMBER OF SHARES, RESULTING IN SUBSTANTIAL DILUTION TO
THE VALUE OF SHARES HELD BY EXISTING SHAREHOLDERS.

TCA has agreed, subject to certain exceptions listed in the Equity Agreement, to refrain from holding an amount of shares which would result
in TCA or its affiliates owning more than 9.99% of the then-outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock at any one time. These
restrictions, however, do not prevent TCA from selling shares of common stock received in connection with a put, and then receiving
additional shares of common stock in connection with a subsequent put. In this way, TCA could sell more than 9.99% of the outstanding
common stock in a relatively short time frame while never holding more than 9.99% at one time.

ASSUMING WE UTILIZE THE MAXIMUM AMOUNT AVAILABLE UNDER THE EQUITY LINE OF CREDIT, EXISTING
SHAREHOLDERS COULD EXPERIENCE SUBSTANTIAL DILUTION UPON THE ISSUANCE OF COMMON STOCK.

Our Equity Agreement with TCA contemplates the potential future issuance and sale of up to $2,000,000 of our common stock to TCA subject
to certain restrictions and obligations. The following table is an example of the number of shares that could be issued at various prices
assuming we utilize the maximum amount remaining available under the Equity Agreement. These examples assume issuances at a market
price of $0.35 per share and at 10%, 25%, 50%, and 75% below $0.35 per share, taking into account TCA’s 5% discount.


                                                                       13
The following table should be read in conjunction with the footnotes immediately following the table.

  Percent below
     Current                 Price per                  Number of                         Shares                         Percent of
   market price              share (1)               shares issuable (2)              outstanding (3)              outstanding shares (4)

                  10 % $                 0.299                     6,683,375                  39,460,294                                    16.94 %

                  25 % $                 0.249                     8,020,050                  40,796,969                                    19.66 %

                  50 % $                 0.166                    12,030,075                  44,806,994                                    26.85 %

                  75 % $                 0.083                    24,060,150                  56,837,069                                    42.33 %

    (1) Represents purchase prices equal to 95% of $0.35 and potential reductions thereof of 10%, 25%, 50% and 75%.

    (2) Represents the number of shares issuable if the entire $2,000,000 under the Equity Agreement were drawn down at the indicated purch
        prices. Our Articles of Incorporation currently authorizes 100,000,000 shares of common stock.

    (3) Based on 32,776,919 shares of common stock outstanding at May 2, 2012. Our Articles of Incorporation currently authorizes 100,000,
        shares of common stock. We may in the future need to amend our Articles of Incorporation in order to increase our authorized share
        common stock.

    (4) Percentage of the total outstanding shares of common stock after the issuance of the shares indicated, without considering any contrac
        restriction on the number of shares the selling shareholder may own at any point in time or other restrictions on the number of shares we m
        issue.

TCA WILL PAY LESS THAN THE THEN-PREVAILING MARKET PRICE FOR OUR COMMON STOCK.

The common stock to be issued to TCA pursuant to the Equity Agreement will be purchased at a 5% discount to the average of the lowest
closing price of the common stock of any two trading days, consecutive or inconsecutive, during the five consecutive trading days immediately
following the date of our advance notice to TCA of our election to put shares pursuant to the Equity Agreement. TCA has a financial incentive
to sell our common stock immediately upon receiving the shares to realize the profit equal to the difference between the discounted price and
the market price. If TCA sells the shares, the price of our common stock could decrease.

If our stock price decreases, TCA may have a further incentive to sell the shares of our common stock that it holds. These sales may have a
further impact on our stock price.

YOUR OWNERSHIP INTEREST MAY BE DILUTED AND THE VALUE OF OUR COMMON STOCK MAY DECLINE BY
EXERCISING THE PUT RIGHT PURSUANT TO OUR EQUITY AGREEMENT.

Effective March 28, 2012, we entered into a $2,000,000 Equity Agreement with TCA. Pursuant to the Equity Agreement, when we deem it
necessary, we may raise capital through the private sale of our common stock to TCA at a price equal to ninety-five percent (95%) of the
lowest daily volume weighted average price of the Company’s common stock for the five trading days immediately following the date our
advance notice is delivered. Because the put price is lower than the prevailing market price of our common stock, to the extent that the put right
is exercised, your ownership interest may be diluted.


                                                                       14
WE DO NOT INTEND TO PAY DIVIDENDS.

We do not anticipate paying cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. We may not have sufficient funds to legally pay
dividends. Even if funds are legally available to pay dividends, we may nevertheless decide in our sole discretion not to pay dividends. The
declaration, payment and amount of any future dividends will be made at the discretion of our board of directors, and will depend upon, among
other things, the results of our operations, cash flows and financial condition, operating and capital requirements, and other factors our board of
directors may consider relevant. There is no assurance that we will pay any dividends in the future, and, if dividends are paid, there is no
assurance with respect to the amount of any such dividend.

AS A PUBLIC COMPANY, WE ARE SUBJECT TO COMPLEX LEGAL AND ACCOUNTING REQUIREMENTS THAT WILL
REQUIRE US TO INCUR SIGNIFICANT EXPENSES AND WILL EXPOSE US TO RISK OF NON-COMPLIANCE.

As a public company, we are subject to numerous legal and accounting requirements that do not apply to private companies. The cost of
compliance with many of these requirements is material, not only in absolute terms but, more importantly, in relation to the overall scope of the
operations of a small company. Our relative inexperience with these requirements may increase the cost of compliance and may also increase
the risk that we will fail to comply.

Failure to comply with these requirements can have numerous adverse consequences including, but not limited to, our inability to file required
periodic reports on a timely basis, loss of market confidence and/or governmental or private actions against us. We cannot assure you that we
will be able to comply with all of these requirements or that the cost of such compliance will not prove to be a substantial competitive
disadvantage vis-à-vis our privately held and larger public competitors.

WE MAY BE SUBJECT TO SHAREHOLDER LITIGATION, THEREBY DIVERTING OUR RESOURCES THAT MAY HAVE A
MATERIAL EFFECT ON OUR PROFITABILITY AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

As discussed in the preceding risk factors, the market for our common shares is characterized by significant price volatility when compared to
seasoned issuers, and we expect that our share price will continue to be more volatile than a seasoned issuer for the indefinite future. In the
past, plaintiffs have often initiated securities class action litigation against a company following periods of volatility in the market price of its
securities. We may become the target of similar litigation. Securities litigation will result in substantial costs and liabilities and will divert
management’s attention and resources.

COMPLIANCE WITH CHANGING REGULATION OF CORPORATE GOVERNANCE AND PUBLIC DISCLOSURE WILL RESULT
IN ADDITIONAL EXPENSES AND POSE CHALLENGES FOR OUR MANAGEMENT.

Changing laws, regulations and standards relating to corporate governance and public disclosure, including the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform
and Consumer Protection Act, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and SEC regulations, have
created uncertainty for public companies and significantly increased the costs and risks associated with accessing the U.S. public markets. Our
management team will need to devote significant time and financial resources to comply with both existing and evolving standards for public
companies, which will lead to increased general and administrative expenses and a diversion of management time and attention from revenue
generating activities to compliance activities.


                                                                         15
                                                    FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Statements in this prospectus may be “forward-looking statements.” Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements that
express our intentions, beliefs, expectations, strategies, predictions or any other statements relating to our future activities or other future events
or conditions. These statements are based on current expectations, estimates and projections about our business based, in part, on assumptions
made by management. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are
difficult to predict. Therefore, actual outcomes and results may, and are likely to, differ materially from what is expressed or forecasted in the
forward-looking statements due to numerous factors, including those described above and those risks discussed from time to time in this
prospectus, including the risks described under “Risk Factors,” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and
Results of Operations” in this prospectus and in other documents which we file with the SEC. In addition, such statements could be affected by
risks and uncertainties related to our ability to raise any financing which we may require for our operations, competition, government
regulations and requirements, pricing and development difficulties, our ability to make acquisitions and successfully integrate those
acquisitions with our business, as well as general industry and market conditions and growth rates, and general economic conditions. Any
forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they are made, and we do not undertake any obligation to update any
forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this prospectus, except as may be required under applicable
securities laws.

                                                               USE OF PROCEEDS

The Selling Security Holder is selling all of the shares of our common stock covered by this prospectus for its own account. Accordingly, we
will not receive any proceeds from the resale of our common stock. However, we will receive proceeds from any sale of the common stock to
TCA under the Equity Agreement. We intend to use the net proceeds received for working capital or general corporate needs.

                                                  DETERMINATION OF OFFERING PRICE

Our common stock currently trades on the OTCBB under the symbol “BFRE.OB”. The proposed offering price of the Shares is $0.35 and has
been estimated solely for the purpose of computing the amount of the registration fee in accordance with Rule 457(c) of the Securities Act of
1933, on the basis of the closing bid price of common stock of the Company as reported on the OTCBB on May 2, 2012.

                                                       SELLING SECURITY HOLDERS

We agreed to register for resale 5,500,000 Shares that we will put to TCA pursuant to the Equity Agreement. The Equity Agreement with TCA
provides that TCA is committed to purchase up to $2,000,000 of our common stock. We may draw on the facility from time to time, as and
when we determine appropriate in accordance with the terms and conditions of the Equity Agreement.

Selling Security Holder Pursuant to the Equity Agreement

TCA is the potential purchaser of our common stock under the Equity Agreement. The 5,500,000 Shares offered in this prospectus are based on
the Equity Agreement between TCA and us. TCA may from time to time offer and sell any or all of the Shares that are registered under this
prospectus. The purchase price is ninety-five percent (95%) of the lowest daily volume weighted average price of the Company’s common
stock for the five trading days immediately following the date on which the Company is deemed to provide an advance notice under the Equity
Agreement.

We are unable to determine the exact number of Shares that will actually be sold by TCA according to this prospectus due to:

        the ability of TCA to determine when and whether it will sell any of the Shares under this prospectus; and


                                                                          16
        the uncertainty as to the number of Shares that will be issued upon exercise of our put options through the delivery of an Advance notice un
         the Equity Agreement.

The following information contains a description of how TCA acquired (or shall acquire) the shares to be sold in this offering. TCA has not
held a position or office, or had any other material relationship with us, except as follows.

TCA is a limited partnership organized and existing under the laws of the Cayman Islands. All investment decisions of, and control of, TCA is
held by its general partner TCA Global Credit Fund GP, Ltd (“TCA GP”). Robert Press is the manager of TCA GP, and he has voting and
investment power over the shares beneficially owned by TCA. TCA acquired, or will acquire, all shares being registered in this offering in the
financing transaction with us.

TCA intends to sell up to 5,500,000 Shares of our common stock pursuant to the Equity Agreement under this prospectus. On March 28, 2012,
the Company and TCA entered into the Equity Agreement pursuant to which we have the opportunity, for a twenty-four (24) month period,
beginning on the date on which the SEC first declares effective this registration statement registering the resale of our shares by TCA, to sell
shares of our common stock for a total price of $2,000,000. For each share of our common stock purchased under the Equity Agreement, TCA
will pay ninety-five percent (95%) of the lowest daily volume weighted average price of the Company’s common stock for the five trading
days immediately following the date on which the Company is deemed to provide an advance notice of a sale of common stock under the
Equity Agreement.

We relied on an exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act. The transaction does not does involve a private offering,
TCA is an “accredited investor” and/or qualified institutional buyer and TCA has access to information about the Company and its investment.

At an assumed purchase price under the Purchase Agreement of $0.333 (equal to 95% of the closing price of our common stock of $0.35 on
May 2, 2012), we will be able to receive up to $1,828,750 in gross proceeds, assuming the sale of the entire 5,500,000 Shares being registered
hereunder pursuant to the Equity Agreement. At an assumed purchase price of $0.333 under the Equity Agreement, we would be required to
register approximately 515,038 additional shares to obtain the balance of $2,000,000 under the Equity Agreement. The Company is currently
authorized to issue 100,000,000 shares of its common stock. TCA has agreed, subject to certain exceptions listed in the Equity Agreement, to
refrain from holding an amount of shares which would result in TCA or its affiliates from owning more than 9.99% of the then-outstanding
shares of the Company’s common stock at any one time.

There are substantial risks to investors as a result of the issuance of shares of our common stock under the Equity Agreement. These risks
include dilution of stockholders and significant decline in our stock price.

TCA will periodically purchase shares of our common stock under the Equity Agreement and will in turn, sell such shares to investors in the
market at the prevailing market price. This may cause our stock price to decline, which will require us to issue increasing numbers of shares to
TCA to raise the same amount of funds, as our stock price declines.

TCA and any participating broker-dealers are “underwriters” within the meaning of the Securities Act. All expenses incurred with respect to
the registration of the common stock will be borne by us, but we will not be obligated to pay any underwriting fees, discounts, commission or
other expenses incurred by the Selling Security Holder in connection with the sale of such shares.

Except as indicated below, neither the Selling Security Holder nor any of its associates or affiliates has held any position, office, or other
material relationship with us in the past three years.


                                                                      17
The following table sets forth the name of the Selling Security Holder, the number of shares of common stock beneficially owned by the
Selling Security Holder as of the date hereof and the number of share of common stock being offered by the Selling Security Holder. The
shares being offered hereby are being registered to permit public secondary trading, and the Selling Security Holder may offer all or part of the
shares for resale from time to time. However, the Selling Security Holder is under no obligation to sell all or any portion of such shares nor is
the Selling Security Holder obligated to sell any shares immediately upon effectiveness of this prospectus. All information with respect to share
ownership has been furnished by the Selling Security Holder. The column entitled “Amount Beneficially Owned After the Offering” assumes
the sale of all shares offered.

                                                                       Shares                                    Amount                Percent
                                                                     Beneficially                               Beneficially         Beneficially
                                                                    Owned Prior to         Shares to Be         Owned After          Owned After
Name                                                                  Offering               Offered            Offering (1)          Offering

TCA Global Credit Master Fund, LP (2)                                   280,612 (3)           5,500,000          5,780,612 (3)           15.10%

    (1) The number assumes the Selling Security Holder sells all of its shares being offering pursuant to this prospectus.

    (2) TCA Global Credit Master Fund, LP is a limited partnership organized and existing under the laws of the Cayman Islands. TCA Global Cr
        Fund GP, Ltd. is the general partner of TCA and has voting and investment power over the shares beneficially owned by TCA. Robert P
        is the manager of TCA GP, and he has voting and investment power over the shares beneficially owned by TCA.

    (3) These shares represent the Facility Fee Shares issued to TCA pursuant to the Equity Agreement.

The above table assumes that TCA purchases the maximum amount of registrable Shares in this registration statement.

                                                           PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

This prospectus relates to the resale of up to 5,500,000 Shares issued pursuant to the Equity Agreement held by the Selling Security Holder.

The Selling Security Holder may, from time to time, sell any or all of their shares of our common stock on any stock exchange, market or
trading facility on which the shares are traded or in private transactions. The Selling Security Holder may use any one or more of the
following methods when selling shares:

        ordinary brokerage transactions and transactions in which the broker-dealer solicits purchasers;

        block trades in which the broker-dealer will sell the shares as agent;

        purchases by a broker-dealer as principal and resale by the broker-dealer for its account;

        privately negotiated transactions;

        broker-dealers may agree with the Selling Stock Holder to sell a specified number of such shares at a stipulated price per share;

        through the writing or settlement of options or other hedging transactions, whether through an options exchange or otherwise;

        a combination of any such methods of sale; or

        any other method permitted pursuant to applicable law.

The Selling Security Holder may be deemed an underwriter. Pursuant to the terms of the Equity Agreement, the Selling Security Holder may
not engage in any short sizes of the Company’s common stock or other hedging activities. The Selling Security Holder may sell the shares
directly to market makers acting as principals and/or broker-dealers acting as agents for itself or its customers. Such broker-dealers may receive
compensation in the form of discounts, concessions or commissions from the Selling Security Holder and/or the purchasers of shares for whom
such broker-dealers may act as agents or to whom they sell as principal or both, which compensation as to a particular broker-dealer might be
in excess of customary commissions. Market makers and block purchasers purchasing the shares will do so for their own account and at their
own risk. It is possible that the Selling Security Holder will attempt to sell shares of the Company’s common stock in block transactions to
market makers or other purchasers at a price per share which may be below the then market price. The Selling Security Holder cannot assure
that all or any of the shares offered in this prospectus will be issued to, or sold by, the Selling Security Holder. In addition, any brokers, dealers
or agents, upon effecting the sale of any of the shares offered in this prospectus are “underwriters” as that term is defined under the Securities
Act or the Exchange Act, or the rules and regulations under such acts. In such event, any commissions received by such broker-dealers or
agents and any profit on the resale of the shares purchased by them may be deemed to be underwriting commissions or discounts under the
Securities Act.


                                                                     18
Discounts, concessions, commissions and similar selling expenses, if any, attributable to the sale of shares will be borne by the Selling Security
Holder. The Selling Security Holder may agree to indemnify any agent, dealer or broker-dealer that participates in transactions involving sales
of the shares if liabilities are imposed on that person under the Securities Act.

The Selling Security Holder may from time to time pledge or grant a security interest in some or all of the shares of our common stock owned
by it and, if it defaults in the performance of its secured obligations, the pledgee or secured parties may offer and sell such the shares of
common stock from time to time under this prospectus after we have filed an amendment to this prospectus under Rule 424(b)(3) or any other
applicable provision of the Securities Act amending the list of selling security holders to include the pledgee or transferee as selling security
holders under this prospectus.

The Selling Security Holder also may transfer the shares of common stock in other circumstances, in which case the transferees or pledgees
will be the selling beneficial owners for purposes of this prospectus and may sell the shares of common stock from time to time under this
prospectus after we have filed an amendment to this prospectus under Rule 424(b)(3) or other applicable provision of the Securities Act
amending the list of selling security holders to include the pledgee or transferee as selling security holders under this prospectus.

We are required to pay all fees and expenses incident to the registration of the shares of common stock. Otherwise, all discounts, commissions
or fees incurred in connection with the sale of our common stock offered hereby will be paid by the Selling Security Holder.

The Selling Security Holder acquired the securities offered hereby in the ordinary course of business and has advised us that it has not entered
into any agreements, understandings or arrangements with any underwriters or broker-dealers regarding the sale of its shares of common stock,
nor is there an underwriter or coordinating broker acting in connection with a proposed sale of shares of common stock by the Selling Security
Holder. We will file a supplement to this prospectus if the Selling Security Holder enters into a material arrangement with a broker-dealer for
sale of common stock being registered. If the Selling Security Holder uses this prospectus for any sale of the shares of common stock, it will
be subject to the prospectus delivery requirements of the Securities Act.

Pursuant to a requirement by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, or FINRA, the maximum commission or discount to be received by
any FINRA member or independent broker/dealer may not be greater than eight percent (8%) of the gross proceeds received by us for the sale
of any securities being registered pursuant to SEC Rule 415 under the Securities Act.

The anti-manipulation rules of Regulation M under the Exchange Act may apply to sales of our common stock and activities of the Selling
Security Holder. The Selling Security Holder will act independently of us in making decisions with respect to the timing, manner and size of
each sale.

TCA is an “underwriter” within the meaning of the Securities Act in connection with the sale of our common stock under the Equity
Agreement. As further consideration for TCA entering into and structuring the equity facility, the Company shall pay to TCA the Facility Fee
Shares. It is the intention of the Company and TCA that the value of the Facility Fee Shares shall equal $110,000. In the event the value of the
Facility Fee Shares issued to TCA does not equal $110,000 after a nine month evaluation date, the Equity Agreement provides for an
adjustment provision allowing for necessary action to adjust the number of shares issued.


                                                                       19
We will pay all expenses incident to the registration, offering and sale of the shares of our common stock to the public hereunder other than
commissions, fees and discounts of underwriters, brokers, dealers and agents. If any of these other expenses exists, we expect TCA to pay these
expenses. We have agreed to indemnify TCA and its controlling persons against certain liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities
Act. We estimate that the expenses of the offering to be borne by us will be approximately $38,000. We will not receive any proceeds from
the resale of any of the shares of our common stock by TCA. We may, however, receive proceeds from the sale of our common stock under the
Equity Agreement. Neither the Equity Agreement nor any rights of the parties under the Equity Agreement may be assigned or delegated to any
other person.

                                         DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES TO BE REGISTERED

This prospectus includes 5,500,000 Shares of our common stock offered by the Selling Security Holder. The following description of our
common stock is only a summary. You should also refer to our certificate of incorporation and bylaws, which have been incorporated by
reference as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part.

The Company is authorized to issue 100,000,000 shares of $0.001 par value common stock, and 1,000,000 shares of no par value preferred
stock. As of May 2, 2012, the Company had 32,776,919 shares of common stock outstanding and no shares of preferred stock outstanding.

Common Stock

As of May 2, 2012, we had 32,776,919 shares of common stock outstanding. The shares of our common stock presently outstanding, and any
shares of our common stock issues upon exercise of stock options and/or warrants, will be fully paid and non-assessable. Each holder of
common stock is entitled to one vote for each share owned on all matters voted upon by shareholders, and a majority vote is required for all
actions to be taken by shareholders. In the event we liquidate, dissolve or wind-up our operations, the holders of the common stock are entitled
to share equally and ratably in our assets, if any, remaining after the payment of all our debts and liabilities and the liquidation preference of
any shares of preferred stock that may then be outstanding. The common stock has no preemptive rights, no cumulative voting rights, and no
redemption, sinking fund, or conversion provisions. Since the holders of common stock do not have cumulative voting rights, holders of more
than 50% of the outstanding shares can elect all of our Directors, and the holders of the remaining shares by themselves cannot elect any
Directors. Holders of common stock are entitled to receive dividends, if and when declared by the Board of Directors, out of funds legally
available for such purpose, subject to the dividend and liquidation rights of any preferred stock that may then be outstanding.

Voting Rights

Each holder of Common Stock is entitled to one vote for each share of Common Stock held on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders.

Dividends

Subject to preferences that may be applicable to any then-outstanding shares of Preferred Stock, if any, and any other restrictions, holders of
Common Stock are entitled to receive ratably those dividends, if any, as may be declared from time to time by the Company’s board of
directors out of legally available funds. The Company and its predecessors have not declared any dividends in the past. Further, the Company
does not presently contemplate that there will be any future payment of any dividends on Common Stock.

Preferred Stock

As of May 2, 2012, we had no shares of preferred stock outstanding. We may issue preferred stock in one or more class or series pursuant to
resolution of the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors may determine and alter the rights, preferences, privileges, and restrictions granted
to or imposed upon any wholly unissued series of preferred stock, and fix the number of shares and the designation of any series of preferred
stock. The Board of Directors may increase or decrease (but not below the number of shares of such series then outstanding) the number of
shares of any wholly unissued class or series subsequent to the issue of shares of that class or series. We have no present plans to issue any
shares of preferred stock.


                                                                       20
Warrants

As of May 2, 2012, we had warrants to purchase an aggregate of 7,115,265 shares of our common stock outstanding. The exercise prices for
the warrants range from $0.50 per share to $5.45 per share, with a weighted average exercise price of approximately per share of $2.65. Some
of our warrants contain a provision in which the exercise price will be adjusted for future issuances of common stock at prices lower than the
current exercise price.

Options

As of May 2, 2012, we had options to purchase an aggregate of 1,229,659 shares of our common stock outstanding, with exercise prices for the
options ranging from $3.20 per share to $3.52 per share, with a weighted average exercise price per share of $3.21.

Anti-Takeover Provisions

Our Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation and Amended and Restated Bylaws contain provisions that may make it more difficult for
a third party to acquire or may discourage acquisition bids for us. Our Board of Directors may, without action of our stockholders, issue
authorized but unissued common stock and preferred stock. The issuance of additional shares to certain persons allied with our management
could have the effect of making it more difficult to remove our current management by diluting the stock ownership or voting rights of persons
seeking to cause such removal. The existence of unissued preferred stock may enable the Board of Directors, without further action by the
stockholders, to issue such stock to persons friendly to current management or to issue such stock with terms that could render more difficult or
discourage an attempt to obtain control of us, thereby protecting the continuity of our management. Our shares of preferred stock could
therefore be issued quickly with terms that could delay, defer, or prevent a change in control of us, or make removal of management more
difficult.

                                                       DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

Our Company

We are BlueFire Renewables, Inc., a Nevada corporation. Our goal is to develop, own and operate high-value carbohydrate-based
transportation fuel plants, or biorefineries, to produce ethanol, a viable alternative to fossil fuels, and to provide professional services to
biorefineries worldwide. Our biorefineries will convert widely available, inexpensive, organic materials such as agricultural residues,
high-content biomass crops, wood residues and cellulose from municipal solid wastes into ethanol. This versatility enables us to consider a
wide variety of feedstocks and locations in which to develop facilities to become a low cost producer of ethanol. We have licensed for use a
patented process from Arkenol, Inc., a Nevada corporation (“Arkenol”), to produce ethanol from cellulose (the “Arkenol Technology”). We are
the exclusive North America licensee of the Arkenol Technology. We may also utilize certain biorefinery related rights, assets, work-product,
intellectual property and other know-how related to 19 ethanol project opportunities originally developed by ARK Energy, Inc., a Nevada
corporation, to accelerate our deployment of the Arkenol Technology.

Company History

We are a Nevada corporation that was initially organized as Atlanta Technology Group, Inc., a Delaware corporation, on October 12, 1993.
The Company was re-named Docplus.net Corporation on December 31, 1998, and further re-named Sucre Agricultural Corp. (“Sucre”) and
re-domiciled as a Nevada corporation on March 6, 2006. Finally, on May 24, 2006, in anticipation of the reverse merger by which it would
acquire BlueFire Ethanol, Inc., a privately held Nevada corporation organized on March 28, 2006, as described below, the Company was
re-named to BlueFire Ethanol Fuels, Inc.

On June 27, 2006, the Company completed a reverse merger (the “Reverse Merger”) with BlueFire Ethanol, Inc. (“BlueFire Ethanol”). At the
time of Reverse Merger, the Company was a blank-check company and had no operations, revenues or liabilities. The only asset possessed by
the Company was $690,000 in cash which continued to be owned by the Company at the time of the Reverse Merger. In connection with the
Reverse Merger, the Company issued BlueFire Ethanol 17,000,000 shares of common stock, approximately 85% of all of the outstanding
common stock of the Company, for all the issued and outstanding BlueFire Ethanol common stock. The Company stockholders retained
4,028,264 shares of Company common stock. As a result of the Reverse Merger, BlueFire Ethanol became our wholly-owned subsidiary. On
June 21, 2006, prior to and in anticipation of the Reverse Merger, Sucre sold 3,000,000 shares of common stock to two related investors in a
private offering of shares pursuant to Rule 504 for proceeds of $1,000,000.


                                                                       21
On July 20, 2010, the Company changed its name to BlueFire Renewables, Inc. to more accurately reflect our primary business plan expanding
the focus from just building cellulosic ethanol projects to include other advanced biofuels, biodiesel, and other drop-in biofuels as well as
synthetic lubricants.

The Company’s shares of common stock began trading under the symbol “BFRE.PK” on the Pink Sheets of the National Quotation Bureau on
July 11, 2006 and later began trading on the OTCBB under the symbol “BFRE.OB” on June 19, 2007. On May 2, 2012, the closing price of our
Common Stock was $0.35 per share.

Our executive offices are located at 31 Musick, Irvine, California 92618 and our telephone number at such office is (949) 588-3767.

Business of Issuer

Principal Products or Services and Their Markets

Our goal is to develop, own and operate high-value carbohydrate-based transportation fuel plants, or biorefineries, to produce ethanol and other
biofuels that are viable alternative to fossil fuels, and to provide professional services to biorefineries worldwide. Our biorefineries will convert
widely available, inexpensive, organic materials such as agricultural residues, high-content biomass crops, wood residues and cellulose from
municipal solid wastes into ethanol. This versatility enables us to consider a wide variety of feedstocks and locations in which to develop
facilities to become a low cost producer of ethanol.

We have licensed for use the Arkenol Technology, a patented process from Arkenol to produce ethanol from cellulose for sale into the
transportation fuel market. We are the exclusive North America licensee of the Arkenol Technology.

Arkenol Technology

The production of chemicals by fermenting various sugars is a well-accepted science. Its use ranges from producing beverage alcohol and
fuel-ethanol to making citric acid and xantham gum for food uses. However, the high price of sugar and the relatively low cost of competing
petroleum based fuel has kept the production of chemicals mainly confined to producing ethanol from corn sugar.

In the Arkenol Technology process, incoming biomass feedstocks are cleaned and ground to reduce the particle size for the process equipment.
The pretreated material is then dried to a moisture content consistent with the acid concentration requirements for breaking down the biomass,
then hydrolyzed (degrading the chemical bonds of the cellulose) to produce hexose and pentose (C5 and C6) sugars at the high concentrations
necessary for commercial fermentation. The insoluble materials left are separated by filtering and pressing into a cake and further processed
into fuel for other beneficial uses. The remaining acid-sugar solution is separated into its acid and sugar components. The separated sulfuric
acid is recirculated and re-concentrated to the level required to breakdown the incoming biomass. The small quantity of acid left in the sugar
solution is neutralized with lime to make hydrated gypsum which can be used as an agricultural soil conditioner. At this point the process has
produced a clean stream of mixed sugars (both C6 and C5) for fermentation. In an ethanol production plant, naturally-occurring yeast, which
Arkenol has specifically cultured by a proprietary method to ferment the mixed sugar stream, is mixed with nutrients and added to the sugar
solution where it efficiently converts both the C6 and C5 sugars to fermentation beer (an ethanol, yeast and water mixture) and carbon dioxide.
The yeast culture is separated from the fermentation beer by a centrifuge and returned to the fermentation tanks for reuse. Ethanol is separated
from the now clear fermentation beer by conventional distillation technology, dehydrated to 200 proof and denatured with unleaded gasoline to
produce the final fuel-grade ethanol product. The still bottoms, containing principally water and unfermented sugar, is returned to the process
for economic water use and for further conversion of the sugars.


                                                                         22
Simply put, the process separates the biomass into two main constituents: cellulose and hemicellulose (the main building blocks of plant life)
and lignin (the “glue” that holds the building blocks together), converts the cellulose and hemicellulose to sugars, ferments them and purifies
the fermentation liquids into ethanol and other end-products.

Ark Energy

BlueFire may also utilize certain biorefinery related rights, assets, work-product, intellectual property and other know-how related to nineteen
(19) ethanol project opportunities originally developed by ARK Energy, Inc., a Nevada corporation to accelerate BlueFire’s deployment of the
Arkenol Technology. The opportunities consist of ARK Energy’s previous relationships, analysis, site development, permitting experience and
market research on various potential project locations within North America. ARK Energy has transferred these assets to us and we valued
these business assets based on management’s best estimates as to its actual costs of development. In the event we successfully finance the
construction of a project that utilizes any of the transferred assets from ARK Energy, we are required to pay ARK Energy for the costs ARK
Energy incurred in the development of the assets pertaining to that particular project or location. We did not incur the costs of a third party
valuation but based our valuation of the assets acquired by (i) an arms-length review of the value assigned by ARK Energy to the opportunities
are based on the actual costs it incurred in developing the project opportunities, and (ii) anticipated financial benefits to us.


Pilot Plants

From 1994-2000, a test pilot biorefinery plant was built and operated by Arkenol in Orange, California to test the effectiveness of the Arkenol
Technology using several different types of raw materials containing cellulose. The types of materials tested included: rice straw, wheat straw,
green waste, wood wastes, and municipal solid wastes. Various equipment used in the process was also tested and process conditions were
verified leading to the issuance of the certain patents in support of the Arkenol Technology. In 2002, using the results obtained from the
Arkenol California test pilot plant, JGC Corporation, based in Japan, built and operated a bench scale facility followed by another test pilot
biorefinery plant in Izumi, Japan. At the Izumi plant, Arkenol retained the rights to the Arkenol Technology while the operations of the facility
were controlled by JGC Corporation.

Bio-Refinery Projects

We are currently in the development stage of building bio-refineries in North America. We plan to use the Arkenol Technology and utilize
JGC’s operations knowledge from the Izumi test pilot plant to assist in the design and engineering of our facilities in North America. MECS
and Briderson Engineering, Inc. (“Brinderson”) provided the preliminary design package, while Briderson completed the detailed engineering
design for our Lancaster Biorefinery. We feel this completed design should provide the blueprint for subsequent plant constructions. In 2010,
MasTec in conjunction with Zachary Engineering completed the detailed engineering design for our planned Fulton Mississippi plant, also
known as the DOE Project, or the Fulton Project.

We intend to build a facility that will process approximately 190 tons of green waste material per day to produce roughly 3.9 million gallons of
ethanol annually. In connection therewith, on November 9, 2007, we purchased the facility site which is located in Lancaster, California.
Permit applications were filed on June 24, 2007, to allow for construction of the Lancaster facility. The Los Angeles County Planning
Commission issued a Conditional Use Permit for the Lancaster Project in July of 2008. However, a subsequent appeal of the county decision,
which BlueFire overcame, combined with the waiting period under the California Environmental Quality Act, pushed the effective date of the
now non-appealable permit approval to December 12, 2008. On February 12, 2009, we were issued our Authority to Construct permit by the
Antelope Valley Air Quality Management District. In December 2011, BlueFire requested an extension to pay the project’s permits for an
additional year while we awaited potential financing. The Company is evaluating whether or not it’s prudent to extend the project’s permits an
additional year while we await potential financing. The Company sees this project on hold until we receive the funding to construct the facility.


                                                                       23
In 2009, BlueFire completed the engineering package for the Lancaster Biorefinery, and finalized the Front-End Loading (FEL) 3 stage of
engineering for the Lancaster Biorefinery. In 2010, BlueFire continued to develop the engineering package for the Fulton Project, and
completed the FEL stages 2 and 3 of engineering for the Fulton Project readying the facility for construction. FEL is the process for conceptual
development of processing industry projects. This process is used in the petrochemical, refining, and pharmaceutical industries. Front-End
Loading is also referred to as Front-End Engineering Design (FEED). There are three stages in the FEL process:

 FEL-1                              FEL-2                                       FEL-3

* Material Balance                  * Preliminary Equipment Design              * Purchase Ready Major Equipment Specifications
* Energy Balance                    * Preliminary Layout                        * Definitive Estimate
* Project Charter                   * Preliminary Schedule                      * Project Execution Plan
                                    * Preliminary Estimate                      * Preliminary 3D Model
                                                                                * Electrical Equipment List
                                                                                * Line List
                                                                                * Instrument Index

We estimate the total cost including contingencies to be in the range of approximately $100 million to $125 million for the Lancaster
Biorefinery. This amount is significantly greater than our previous estimations communicated to the public. This is due in part to a combination
of significant increases in materials costs in the world market from the last estimate until now, and the complexity of our first commercial
deployment. At the end of 2008 and throughout 2009, prices for materials declined, although we expect, that prices for items like structural and
specialty steel will continue to firm up throughout 2012 along with other materials of construction. The cost approximations above do not
reflect any fluctuations in raw materials or construction costs since the original pricing estimates.


The uncertainties of the world credit markets from 2008 to present caused a delay in the financing we needed to enable placement of equipment
orders for the construction of our Lancaster Biorefinery, which would allow us to achieve a sustainable construction schedule after breaking
ground. Hence, to insure a timely and continuous construction of the project, BlueFire’s Board of Directors determined it is prudent to delay
Lancaster’s groundbreaking until all the necessary funds are in place. Project activities have advanced to a point that once credit is available,
orders can be immediately placed and construction started. We remain optimistic in being able to raise the additional capital necessary once the
capital markets normalize. This project is considered shovel ready and only requires minimal capital to maintain until funding is obtained for its
construction.

We are currently in discussions with potential sources of financing for this facility, but no definitive agreements are in place. In 2009, the
Company filed for a loan guarantee with the U.S. Department of Energy (“DOE”) for this project, under DOE Program DE-FOA-0000140,
which provides federal loan guarantees for projects that employ innovative energy efficiency, renewable energy, and advanced transmission
and distribution technologies (“DOE LGPO”). Although the Company was hopeful of being able to secure the guarantee, in 2010, the
Company was informed that the loan guarantee was rejected by the DOE due to a lack of definitive contracts for feedstock and off-take at the
time of submittal of the loan guarantee for the Lancaster Biorefinery, as well as the fact that the Company was also pursuing a much larger
project in Fulton, Mississippi.

We are also developing a facility for construction in a joint effort with the DOE. This facility will be located in Fulton, Mississippi, and will
use approximately 700 metric dry tons of woody biomass, mill residue, and other cellulosic waste to produce approximately 19 million gallons
of ethanol annually (the “Fulton Project”). In 2007, we received an award from the DOE of up to $40 million for the Fulton Project. On or
around October 4, 2007, we finalized our first award for a total approved budget of just under $10,000,000 with the DOE(“Award 1”). Award 1
is a 60%/40% cost share, whereby 40% of approved costs may be reimbursed by the DOE pursuant to the total $40 million award announced in
February 2007. December 4, 2009, the DOE announced that the award for this project has been increased to a maximum of $88 million under
the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (“ARRA”) and the Energy Policy Act of 2005. As of December 31, 2011, BlueFire has
been reimbursed approximately $9,217,869 from the DOE under this award.

In 2010, BlueFire signed definitive agreements for the following three crucial contracts related to the Fulton Project: (a) feedstock supply with
Cooper Marine and Timberlands Corporation (“Cooper Marine”), (b) off-take for the ethanol of the facility with Tenaska Biofuels LLC
(“Tenaska”), and (c) the construction of the facility with MasTec North America Inc. (“MasTec”). Also in 2010, BlueFire continued to develop
the engineering package for the Fulton Project, and completed both the FEL-2 and FEL-3 stages of engineering readying the facility for
construction. As of November 2010, the Fulton Project has all necessary permits for construction, and in that same month we began site
clearing and preparation work, signaling the beginning of construction. In June 2011, BlueFire completed initial site preparation and the site is
now ready for facility construction. In February 2010, we announced that we submitted an application for a $250 million dollar loan guarantee
for the Fulton Project, under the DOE LGPO, mentioned above.
24
In February 2011, BlueFire received notice from the DOE LGPO staff that the Fulton Project’s application will not move forward until such
time as the project has raised the remaining equity necessary for the completion of funding. In August 2010, BlueFire submitted an application
for a $250 million loan guarantee with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (“USDA”) under Section 9003 of the 2008 Farm Bill, as defined
below (“USDA LG”). In October 2011, BlueFire was notified by its lender (“Lender”) for the Company’s USDA loan guarantee application
that the USDA sent the Lender notice that they are currently ineligible to participate in the USDA Biorefinery Assistance Program.

The USDA has offered to meet with the Lender and the Company in order to provide further explanation as to its decision and to allow the
Lender and the Company the opportunity to provide any new information and potential alternatives for the USDA’s consideration. The
Company plans to continue to work with the USDA and the Lender in order to satisfy the loan guarantee application requirements which may
include the substitution of another lender; however, no assurances can be made that the Company will be able to satisfy these requirements. As
of December 31, 2011, no significant progress has been made with the USDA or the Lender in this regard. In October 2011, BlueFire signed a
Memorandum of Understanding with China Huadian Engineering Co., a unit of China Huadian Corp., which is China’s fourth-largest utility, to
buy a stake in the Fulton Project and may later also provide debt financing. BlueFire is currently in negotiations with China Huadian Corp, but
no definitive agreements have yet been executed.

Between the two proposed facilities (Lancaster, CA and Fulton, MS) we expect them to create more than 1,000 construction/manufacturing
jobs and, once in operation, more than 100 new operations and maintenance jobs. The Company is simultaneously researching and considering
other suitable locations for other similar bio-refineries.

Status of Publically Announced Products or Services

In November 2011, BlueFire created SucreSource LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary specifically tasked to partner with synergistic back end
companies that need cellulosic sugars as a feedstock for their fermentation or chemical processes. SucreSource will utilize the Arkenol process
to provide the front end technology to partner with these companies. SucreSource is cultivating relationships and will continue to develop them
throughout 2012.

Distribution Methods of Products or Services

We will utilize existing ethanol distribution channels to sell the ethanol that is produced from our plants. For example, we will enter into an
agreement with an existing refiner or blender to purchase the ethanol and sell it into the Southern California and Mississippi transportation
fuels market. Ethanol is currently mandated at a blend level of 10% nationwide which represents an approximately 26+ billion gallon per year
market. We are also exploring the potential of onsite blending of E85 (85% ethanol, 15% gasoline) and direct marketing to fueling stations.
There are approximately 2,400 E85 fueling stations in the United States.

Competition

Most of the approximately 14 billion gallons of ethanol supply in the United States is derived from corn according to the Renewable Fuels
Association (“RFA”) website (HTTP://WWW.ETHANOLRFA.ORG/) and as of March 2012, is produced at approximately 209 facilities,
ranging in size from 300,000 to 130 million gallons per year, located predominately in the corn belt in the Midwest.

Traditional corn-based production techniques are mature and well entrenched in the marketplace, and the entire industry’s infrastructure is
geared toward corn as the principal feedstock.

With the Arkenol Technology, the principle difference from traditional processes apart from production technique is the acquisition and choice
of feedstock. The use of a non-commodity based non-food related biomass feedstock enables us to use feedstock typically destined for disposal,
i.e. wood waste, yard trimmings and general green waste. All ethanol producers regardless of production technique will fall subject to market
fluctuation in the end product, ethanol.


                                                                      25
Due to the feedstock variety we process, we are able to locate production facilities in and around the markets where the ethanol will be
consumed, thereby giving us a competitive advantage against much larger traditional producers who must locate plants near their feedstock, i.e.
the corn belt in the Midwest and ship the ethanol to the end market.

However, in the area of biomass-to-ethanol production, there are few companies, and no commercial production infrastructure has been built.
As we continue to advance our biomass technology platform, we are likely to encounter competition for the same technologies from other
companies that are also attempting to manufacture ethanol from cellulosic biomass feedstocks.

Ethanol production is also expanding internationally. Ethanol produced or processed in certain countries in Central America and the Caribbean
region is eligible for tariff reduction or elimination upon importation to the United States under a program known as the Caribbean Basin
Initiative. Large ethanol producers, such as Cargill, have expressed interest in building dehydration plants in participating Caribbean Basin
countries, such as El Salvador, which would convert ethanol into fuel-grade ethanol for shipment to the United States. Ethanol imported from
Caribbean Basin countries may be a less expensive alternative to domestically produced ethanol and may affect our ability to sell our ethanol
profitably.

There are approximately 21 next-generation biofuel companies that have received grants from the DOE for development purposes.

Industry Overview

On December 19, 2007, President Bush signed into law the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (Energy Act of 2007). T he Energy
Act of 2007 provides for an increase in the supply of alternative fuel sources by setting a mandatory Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) requiring
fuel producers to use at least 36 billion gallons of biofuel by 2022, 16 billion gallons of which must come from cellulosic derived fuel.
Additionally, the Energy Act of 2007 called for reducing U.S. demand for oil by setting a national fuel economy standard of 35 miles per
gallon by 2020 – which will increase fuel economy standards by 40 percent and save billions of gallons of fuel.

In June 2008, the Food, Conservation and Energy Act of 2008 (the “Farm Bill”) was signed into law. The 2008 Farm Bill also modified
existing incentives, including ethanol tax credits and import duties and established a new integrated tax credit of $1.01/gallon for cellulosic
biofuels. The Farm Bill also authorized new biofuels loan and grant programs, which will be subject to appropriations, likely starting with the
FY2010 budget request.

On February 13, 2009, Congress passed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (the “Recovery Act”) at the urging of President
Obama, who signed it into law four days later (“ARRA”). A direct response to the economic crisis, the Recovery Act has three immediate
goals:

        Create new jobs and save existing ones;

        Spur economic activity and invest in long-term growth; and

        Foster unprecedented levels of accountability and transparency in government spending.

The Recovery Act intends to achieve those goals by:

        Providing $288 billion in tax cuts and benefits for millions of working families and businesses;

        Increasing federal funds for education and health care as well as entitlement programs (such as extending unemployment benefits) by
         $224 billion;

        Making $275 billion available for federal contracts, grants and loans; and

        Requiring recipients of Recovery funds to report quarterly on how they are using the money. All the data is posted on Recovery.gov
         so the public can track the Recovery funds.


                                                                      26
In addition to offering financial aid directly to local school districts, expanding the Child Tax Credit, and underwriting a process to computerize
health records to reduce medical errors and save on health care costs, the Recovery Act is targeted at infrastructure development and
enhancement. For instance, the Recovery Act plans investment in the domestic renewable energy industry and the weatherizing of 75% of
federal buildings as well as more than one million private homes around the country.

Historically, producers and blenders had a choice of fuel additives to increase the oxygen content of fuels. MTBE (methyl tertiary butyl ether),
a petroleum-based additive, was the most popular additive, accounting for up to 75% of the fuel oxygenate market. However, in the United
States, ethanol is replacing MTBE as a common fuel additive. While both increase octane and reduce air pollution, MTBE is a presumed
carcinogen which contaminates ground water. It has already been banned in California, New York, Illinois and 22 other states. Major oil
companies have voluntarily abandoned MTBE and it is scheduled to be phased out under the Energy Policy Act. As MTBE is phased out, we
expect demand for ethanol as a fuel additive and fuel extender to rise. A blend of 5.5% or more of ethanol, which does not contaminate ground
water like MTBE, effectively complies with U.S. Environmental Protection Agency requirements for reformulated gasoline, which is mandated
in most urban areas.

Ethanol is a clean, high-octane, high-performance automotive fuel commonly blended in gasoline to extend supplies and reduce emissions. In
2004, according to the American Coalition for Ethanol, 3% of all United States gasoline was blended with some percentage of ethanol. The
most common blend is E10, which contains 10% ethanol and 90% gasoline. There is also growing federal government support for E85, which
is a blend of 85% ethanol and 15% gasoline.

Ethanol is a renewable fuel produced by the fermentation of starches and sugars such as those found in grains and other crops. Ethanol contains
35% oxygen by weight and, when combined with gasoline, it acts as an oxygenate, artificially introducing oxygen into gasoline and raising
oxygen concentration in the combustion mixture with air. As a result, the gasoline burns more completely and releases less unburnt
hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and other harmful exhaust emissions into the atmosphere. The use of ethanol as an automotive fuel is
commonly viewed as a way to reduce harmful automobile exhaust emissions. Ethanol can also be blended with regular unleaded gasoline as an
octane booster to provide a mid-grade octane product which is commonly distributed as a premium unleaded gasoline.

Studies published by the Renewable Fuel Association indicate that approximately 13.5 billion gallons of ethanol was consumed in 2010 in the
United States and every automobile manufacturer approves and warrants the use of E10. Because the ethanol molecule contains oxygen, it
allows an automobile engine to more completely combust fuel, resulting in fewer emissions and improved performance. Fuel ethanol has an
octane value of 113 compared to 87 for regular unleaded gasoline. Domestic ethanol consumption has tripled in the last eight years, and
consumption increases in some foreign countries, such as Brazil, are even greater in recent years. For instance, 40% of the automobiles in
Brazil operate on 100% ethanol, and others use a mixture of 22% ethanol and 78% gasoline. The European Union and Japan also encourage
and mandate the increased use of ethanol.

For every barrel of ethanol produced, the American Coalition for Ethanol estimates that 1.2 barrels of petroleum are displaced at the refinery
level, and that since 1978, U.S. ethanol production has replaced over 14.0 billion gallons of imported gasoline or crude oil. According to a
Mississippi State University Department of Agricultural Economics Staff Report in August 2003, a 10% ethanol blend results in a 25% to 30%
reduction in carbon monoxide emissions by making combustion more complete. The same 10% blend lowers carbon dioxide emissions by 6%
to 10%.

During the last 20 years, ethanol production capacity in the United States has grown from almost nothing to an estimated 13.5 billion gallons
per year in 2010. In the United States, ethanol is primarily made from starch crops, principally from the starch fraction of corn. Consequently,
the production plants are concentrated in the grain belt of the Midwest, principally in Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska and South Dakota.

In the United States, there are two principal commercial applications for ethanol. The first is as an oxygenate additive to gasoline to comply
with clean air regulations. The second is as a voluntary substitute for gasoline - this is a purely economic choice by gasoline retailers who may
make higher margins on selling ethanol-blended gasoline, provided ethanol is available in the local market. The U.S. gasoline market is
currently approximately 170 billion gallons annually, so the potential market for ethanol (assuming only a 10% blend) is 17 billion gallons per
year. Increasingly, motor manufacturers are producing flexible fuel vehicles (particularly sports utility vehicle models) which can run off
ethanol blends of up to 85% (known as E85) in order to obtain exemptions from fleet fuel economy quotas. There are now in excess of 5
million flexible fuel vehicles on the road in the United States and automakers will produce several millions per year, offering further potential
for significant growth in ethanol demand.


                                                                        27
Cellulose to Ethanol Production

In a 2002 report, “Outlook For Biomass Ethanol Production Demand,” the U.S. Energy Information Administration found that advancements in
production technology of ethanol from cellulose could reduce costs and result in production increases of 40% to 160% by 2010. Biomass
(cellulosic feedstocks) includes agricultural waste, woody fibrous materials, forestry residues, waste paper, municipal solid waste and most
plant material. Like waste starches and sugars, they are often available for relatively low cost, or are even free. However, cellulosic feedstocks
are more abundant, global and renewable in nature. These waste streams, which would otherwise be abandoned, land-filled or incinerated, exist
in populated metropolitan areas where ethanol prices are higher.

Sources and Availability of Raw Materials

The U.S. DOE and USDA in its April 2005 report “BIOMASS AS FEEDSTOCK FOR A BIOENERGY AND BIOPRODUCTS INDUSTRY:
THE TECHNICAL FEASIBILITY OF A BILLION-TON ANNUAL SUPPLY” found that about one billion tons of cellulosic materials from
agricultural and forest residues are available to produce more than one-third of the current U.S. demand for transportation fuels.

Dependence on One or a Few Major Customers

We have signed a definitive agreement with Tenaska for the off-take of our Fulton Project, which allows Tenaska to exclusively market all
ethanol produced at this facility. See “DISTRIBUTION METHODS OF THE PRODUCTS OR SERVICES.”

Patents, Trademarks, Licenses, Franchises, Concessions, Royalty Agreements or Labor Contracts

On March 1, 2006, we entered into a Technology License Agreement with Arkenol, for use of the Arkenol Technology. Arkenol holds the
following patents in relation to the Arkenol Technology: 11 U.S. patents, 21 foreign patents, and one pending foreign patent. According to the
terms of the agreement, we were granted an exclusive, non-transferable, North American license to use and to sub-license the Arkenol
technology. The Arkenol Technology, converts cellulose and waste materials into ethanol and other high value chemicals. As consideration for
the grant of the license, we are required to make a onetime payment of $1,000,000 at first project funding and for each plant make the
following payments: (1) royalty payment of 3% of the gross sales price for sales by us or our sub-licensees of all products produced from the
use of the Arkenol Technology (2) and a onetime license fee of $40.00 per 1,000 gallons of production capacity per plant. According to the
terms of the agreement, we made a onetime exclusivity fee prepayment of $30,000 during the period ended December 31, 2006. At March 31,
2010, we had paid Arkenol in full for the license. All sub-licenses issued by us will provide for payments to Arkenol of any other license fees
and royalties due.

Governmental Approval

We are not subject to any government oversight for our current operations other than for corporate governance and taxes. However, the
production facilities that we will be constructing will be subject to various federal, state and local environmental laws and regulations,
including those relating to the discharge of materials into the air, water and ground, the generation, storage, handling, use, transportation and
disposal of hazardous materials, and the health and safety of our employees. In addition, some of these laws and regulations will require our
facilities to operate under permits that are subject to renewal or modification. These laws, regulations and permits can often require expensive
pollution control equipment or operational changes to limit actual or potential impacts to the environment. A violation of these laws and
regulations or permit conditions can result in substantial fines, natural resource damages, criminal sanctions, permit revocations and/or facility
shutdowns.


                                                                       28
Governmental Regulation

Currently, the federal government encourages the use of ethanol as a component in oxygenated gasoline. This is a measure to both protect the
environment, and, to utilize biofuels as a viable renewable domestic fuel to reduce U.S. dependence on foreign oil.

The ethanol industry is heavily dependent on several economic incentives to produce ethanol, including federal ethanol supports. Ethanol sales
have been favorably affected by the Clean Air Act amendments of 1990, particularly the Federal Oxygen Program which became effective
November 1, 1992. The Federal Oxygen Program requires the sale of oxygenated motor fuels during the winter months in certain major
metropolitan areas to reduce carbon monoxide pollution. Ethanol use has increased due to a second Clean Air Act program, the Reformulated
Gasoline Program. This program became effective January 1, 1995, and requires the sale of reformulated gasoline in nine major urban areas to
reduce pollutants, including those that contribute to ground level ozone, better known as smog. Increasingly stricter EPA regulations are
expected to increase the number of metropolitan areas deemed in non-compliance with Clean Air Standards, which could increase the demand
for ethanol.

On October 22, 2004, President Bush signed H.R. 4520, which contained the Volumetric Ethanol Excise Tax Credit (“VEETC”) and amended
the federal excise tax structure effective as of January 1, 2005. Before this, ethanol-blended fuel was taxed at a lower rate than regular gasoline
(13.2 cents on a 10% blend). Under VEETC, the existing ethanol excise tax exemption is eliminated, thereby allowing the full federal excise
tax of 18.4 cents per gallon of gasoline to be collected on all gasoline and allocated to the highway trust fund. The bill created a new volumetric
ethanol excise tax credit of 51 cents per gallon of ethanol blended. Refiners and gasoline blenders would apply for this credit on the same tax
form as before only it would be a credit from general revenue, not the highway trust fund. Based on volume, the VEETC is expected to allow
much greater refinery flexibility in blending ethanol. VEETC is scheduled to expire in 2013. The 2008 Farm Bill amended this credit: Starting
the year after 7.5 billion gallons of ethanol are produced and/or imported in the United States, the value of the credit will be lowered to 45 cents
per gallon which occurred in 2008, and lead to a reduction in the credit starting in 2009. VEETC was scheduled to expire on December 31,
2010, but extended by congress until December 31, 2011, pending structural law changes. As of May 2, 2012, the VEETC has not been
renewed.

The Energy Policy Act of 2005 established a renewable fuel standard (RFS) to increase in the supply of alternative sources for automotive
fuels. The RFS was expanded by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. The RFS requires the blending of renewable fuels
(including ethanol and biodiesel) in transportation fuel. In 2008, fuel suppliers must blend 9.0 billion gallons of renewable fuel into gasoline;
this requirement increases annually to 36 billion gallons in 2022. The expanded RFS also specifically mandates the use of “advanced
biofuels”—fuels produced from non-corn feedstocks and with 50% lower lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions than petroleum fuel—starting in
2009. Of the 36 billion gallons required in 2022, at least 21 billion gallons must be advanced biofuel. There are also specific quotas for
cellulosic biofuels and for biomass-based diesel fuel. On May 1, 2007, EPA issued a final rule on the RFS program detailing compliance
standards for fuel suppliers, as well as a system to trade renewable fuel credits between suppliers. EPA has not yet initiated a rulemaking on the
lifecycle analysis methods necessary to categorize fuels as advanced biofuels. While this program is not a direct subsidy for the construction of
biofuels plants, the market created by the renewable fuel standard is expected to stimulate growth of the biofuels industry.

The Farm Bill provides for, among other things, grants for demonstration scale biorefineries, and loan guarantees for commercial scale
biorefineries that produce advanced biofuels (i.e., any fuel that is not corn-based). Section 9003 includes a Loan Guarantee Program under
which the U.S.D.A. could provide loan guarantees up to $250 million to fund development, construction, and retrofitting of commercial-scale
refineries. Section 9003 also includes a grant program to assist in paying the costs of the development and construction of demonstration-scale
biorefineries to demonstrate the commercial viability which can potentially fund up to 50% of project costs.


                                                                        29
The ARRA, passed into law in February 2009 makes $275 billion available for federal contracts, grants, and loans, some of which is devoted to
investment into the domestic renewable energy industry. Some other noteworthy governmental actions regarding the production of biofuels are
as follows:

Small Ethanol Producer Credit :

A tax credit valued at 10 cents per gallon of ethanol produced. The credit may be claimed on the first 15 million gallons of ethanol produced by
a small producer in a given year. Qualified applicants are any ethanol producer with production capacity below 60 million gallons per year.
This credit was scheduled to terminate on December 31, 2010, but was recently renewed through 2011. As of May 2, 2012, the Small Ethanol
Producer Credit has not been renewed.

Credit for Production of Cellulosic Biofuel :

An integrated tax credit whereby producers of cellulosic biofuel can claim up to $1.01 per gallon tax credit. The credit for cellulosic ethanol
varies with other ethanol credits such that the total combined value of all credits is $1.01 per gallon. As the VEETC and/or the Small Ethanol
Producer Credits (outlined above) decrease, the per-gallon credit for cellulosic ethanol production increases by the same amount (i.e. the value
of the credit is reduced by the amount of the VEETC and the Small Ethanol Producer Credit—currently, the value would be 40 cents per
gallon). The credit applies to fuel produced after December 31, 2008. This credit is scheduled to terminate on December 31, 2012.

Special Depreciation Allowance for Cellulosic Biofuel Plant Property :

A taxpayer may take a depreciation deduction of 50% of the adjusted basis of a new cellulosic biofuel plant in the year it is put in service. Any
portion of the cost financed through tax-exempt bonds is exempted from the depreciation allowance. Before amendment by P.L. 110-343, the
accelerated depreciation applied only to cellulosic ethanol plants that break down cellulose through enzymatic processes—the amended
provision applies to all cellulosic biofuel plants acquired after December 20, 2006, and placed in service before January 1, 2013. This
accelerated depreciation allowance is scheduled to terminate on December 31, 2012.

Research and Development Activities

For the fiscal years ending December 31, 2011 and 2010, we spent approximately $595,302 and $1,096,653 on project development costs,
respectively.

To date, project development costs include the research and development expenses related to our future cellulose-to-ethanol production
facilities including site development, and engineering activities.

Compliance with Environmental Laws

We will be subject to extensive air, water and other environmental regulations and we will have to obtain a number of environmental permits to
construct and operate our plants, including, air pollution construction permits, a pollutant discharge elimination system general permit, storm
water discharge permits, a water withdrawal permit, and an alcohol fuel producer’s permit. In addition, we may have to complete spill
prevention control and countermeasures plans.

The production facilities that we will build are subject to oversight activities by the federal, state, and local regulatory agencies. There is always
a risk that the federal agencies may enforce certain rules and regulations differently than state environmental administrators. State or federal
rules are subject to change, and any such changes could result in greater regulatory burdens on plant operations. We could also be subject to
environmental or nuisance claims from adjacent property owners or residents in the area arising from possible foul smells or other air or water
discharges from the plant.

Employees

We have 5 full time employees as of May 2, 2012, and 1 part time employee. None of our employees are subject to a collective bargaining
agreement, and we believe that our relationship with our employees is good.

                                                        DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY

We lease approximately 6,425 square feet of furnished office space at 31 Musick, Irvine, California 92618 from Jeong Yun Kim for $11,691
per month on a month-to-month basis.
30
On November 9, 2007, we issued a check in the amount of $96,851, towards the purchase of the land for the Lancaster Biorefinery totaling a
purchase price of $109,108. The approximately 10 acre site is presently vacant and undisturbed except to occasional use by off road vehicles.
The site is flat and has no distinguishing characteristics and is adjacent to a solid waste landfill at a site that minimizes visual access from
outside the immediate area.

On June 14, 2010, we entered in to a lease with Itawamba County, Mississippi. The lease is for 38 acres located in the Port of Itawamba where
our Fulton Project will be located. The lease is a 30 year term and currently is $10,292 per month and will be reduced, following a formula tied
to jobs creation in the State of Mississippi.

                                                           LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

We are currently not involved in any litigation that we believe could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of
operations. There is no action, suit, proceeding, inquiry or investigation before or by any court, public board, government agency,
self-regulatory organization or body pending or, to the knowledge of the executive officers of our company or any of our subsidiaries,
threatened against or affecting our company, our common stock, any of our subsidiaries or of our companies or our subsidiaries’ officers or
directors in their capacities as such, in which an adverse decision could have a material adverse effect.

                           MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
                                           AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Some of the statements contained in this prospectus that are not historical facts are “forward-looking statements” which can be identified by the
use of terminology such as “estimates,” “projects,” “plans,” “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” or the negative or other variations,
or by discussions of strategy that involve risks and uncertainties. We urge you to be cautious of the forward-looking statements, that such
statements, which are contained in this prospectus, reflect our current beliefs with respect to future events and involve known and unknown
risks, uncertainties and other factors affecting our operations, market growth, services, products and licenses. No assurances can be given
regarding the achievement of future results, as actual results may differ materially as a result of the risks we face, and actual events may differ
from the assumptions underlying the statements that have been made regarding anticipated events. All written and oral forward-looking
statements made are attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by these cautionary
statements. Given the uncertainties that surround such statements, you are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking
statements.

Plan of Operation

Our primary business encompasses development activities culminating in the design, construction, ownership and long-term operation of
cellulosic ethanol production biorefineries utilizing the licensed Arkenol Technology in North America. Our secondary business is providing
support and operational services to Arkenol Technology based biorefineries worldwide. As such, we are currently in the development-stage of
finding suitable locations and deploying project opportunities for converting cellulose fractions of municipal solid waste and other
opportunistic feedstock into ethanol fuels.

Our initial planned biorefineries in North America are projected as follows:

        A biorefinery that will process approximately 190 tons of green waste material annually to produce roughly 3.9 million gallons of
         ethanol annually. On November 9, 2007, we purchased the facility site which is located in Lancaster, California for the BlueFire
         Ethanol Lancaster project (“Lancaster Biorefinery”). Permit applications were filed on June 24, 2007, to allow for construction of the
         Lancaster Biorefinery. On or around July 23, 2008, the Los Angeles Planning Commission approved the use permit for construction
         of the plant. However, a subsequent appeal of the county decision, which BlueFire overcame, combined with the waiting period under
         the California Environmental Quality Act, pushed the effective date of the now non-appealable permit approval to December 12,
         2008. On February 12, 2009, we were issued our “Authority to Construct” permit by the Antelope Valley Air Quality Management
         District. In 2009 the Company submitted an application for a $58 million dollar loan guarantee for the Lancaster Biorefinery with the
         the DOE Program DE-FOA-0000140 (“DOE LGPO”), which provides federal loan guarantees for projects that employ innovative
         energy efficiency, renewable energy, and advanced transmission and distribution technologies. In 2010, the Company was informed
         that the loan guarantee for the planned biorefinery in Lancaster, California, was rejected by the DOE due to a lack of definitive
         contracts for feedstock and off-take at the time of submittal of the loan guarantee for the Lancaster Biorefinery, as well as the fact that
         the Company was also pursuing a much larger project in Fulton, Mississippi. In December 2011, BlueFire requested an extension to
         pay the project’s permits for an additional year while we awaited potential financing. The Company is evaluating whether or not it’s
         prudent to extend the project’s permits an additional year while we await potential financing. We have completed the detailed
         engineering and design on the project and are seeking funding in order to build the facility. We estimate the total cost including
         contingencies to be in the range of approximately $100 million to $125 million for the Lancaster Biorefinery. At the end of 2008 and
         throughout 2009, prices for materials declined, although we expect, that prices for items like structural and specialty steel may firm
up in 2012 along with other materials of construction. The cost approximations above do not reflect any fluctuations in raw materials
or construction costs since the original pricing estimates. Additionally, this project is considered shovel ready and only requires
minimal capital to maintain until funding is obtained for its construction. The preparation for the construction of this plant was the
primary capital uses in prior years. We are currently in discussions with potential sources of financing for this facility but no
definitive agreements are in place.


                                                            31
   A biorefinery proposed for development and construction in conjunction with the DOE, previously located in Southern California,
    and now located in Fulton, Mississippi, which will process approximately 700 metric dry tons of woody biomass, mill residue, and
    other cellulosic waste to produce approximately 19 million gallons of ethanol annually (“Fulton Project”). In 2007, we received an
    Award from the DOE of up to $40 million for the Fulton Project. On or around October 4, 2007, we finalized Award 1 for a total
    approved budget of just under $10,000,000 with the DOE. This award is a 60%/40% cost share, whereby 40% of approve costs may
    be reimbursed by the DOE pursuant to the total $40 million award announced in February 2007. On December 4, 2009, the DOE
    announced that the award for this project has been increased to a maximum of $88 million under the American Recovery and
    Reinvestment Act of 2009 (“ARRA”) and the Energy Policy Act of 2005. As of December 31, 2011, BlueFire has been reimbursed
    approximately $9,217,869 from the DOE under this award. In 2010, BlueFire signed definitive agreements for the following three
    crucial contracts related to the Fulton Project: (a) feedstock supply with Cooper Marine, (b) off-take for the ethanol of the facility
    with Tenaska, and (c) the construction of the facility with MasTec. Also in 2010, BlueFire continued to develop the engineering
    package for the Fulton Project, and completed both the FEL-2 and FEL-3 stages of engineering readying the facility for construction.
    As of November 2010, the Fulton Project has all necessary permits for construction, and in that same month we began site clearing
    and preparation work, signaling the beginning of construction. In June 2011, BlueFire completed initial site preparation and the site is
    now ready for facility construction. In February 2010, we announced that we submitted an application for a $250 million dollar loan
    guarantee for the Fulton Project, under the DOE LGPO, mentioned above. In February 2011, BlueFire received notice from the DOE
    LGPO staff that the Fulton Project’s application will not move forward until such time as the project has raised the remaining equity
    necessary for the completion of funding. In August 2010, BlueFire submitted an application for a $250 million loan guarantee with
    the USDA, which would represent substantially all of the funding shortfall on the project. In October 2011, BlueFire was notified by
    its lender (“Lender”) for the Company’s USDA loan guarantee application that the USDA sent the Lender notice that they are
    currently ineligible to participate in the USDA Biorefinery Assistance Program. The USDA has offered to meet with the Lender and
    the Company in order to provide further explanation as to its decision and to allow the Lender and the Company the opportunity to
    provide any new information and potential alternatives for the USDA’s consideration. The Company plans to continue to work with
    the USDA and the Lender in order to satisfy the loan guarantee application requirements which may include the substitution of
    another lender. However, no assurances can be made. In October 2011, BlueFire signed a Memorandum of Understanding with China
    Huadian Engineering Co., a unit of China Huadian Corp., which is China’s fourth-largest utility, to buy a stake in the Fulton Project
    and may later also provide debt financing. BlueFire is currently in negotiations with China Huadian Corp, but no definitive
    agreements have yet been executed.


                                                                 32
Several other opportunities are being evaluated by us in North America, although no definitive agreements have been reached.

        In November 2011, BlueFire created SucreSource LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary specifically tasked to partner with synergistic
         back end companies that need cellulosic sugars as a feedstock for their fermentation or chemical processes. SucreSource will utilize
         the Arkenol process to provide the front end technology to partner with these companies. SucreSource is cultivating relationships and
         will continue to develop them throughout 2012.

BlueFire’s capital requirement strategy for its planned biorefineries are as follows:

        Obtain additional operating capital from joint venture partnerships, Federal or State grants or loan guarantees, debt financing or
         equity financing to fund our ongoing operations and the development of initial biorefineries in North America. Although the
         Company is in discussions with potential financial and strategic sources of financing for their planned biorefineries no definitive
         agreements are in place.

        The 2008 Farm Bill, Title IX (Energy Title) provides grants for demonstration scale Biorefineries, and loan guarantees for
         commercial scale Biorefineries that produce advanced Biofuels (i.e., any fuel that is not corn-based). Section 9003 includes a Loan
         Guarantee Program under which the USDA could provide loan guarantees up to $250 million to fund development, construction, and
         retrofitting of commercial-scale refineries. Section 9003 also includes a grant program to assist in paying the costs of the development
         and construction of demonstration-scale biorefineries to demonstrate the commercial viability which can potentially fund up to 50%
         of project costs. BlueFire plans to pursue all available opportunities within the Farm Bill, although initial attempts have been
         unsuccessful.

        Utilize proceeds from reimbursements under the DOE contract.

        As available and as applicable to our business plans, applications for public funding will be submitted to leverage private capital
         raised by us.

DEVELOPMENTS IN BLUEFIRE’S BIOREFINERY ENGINEERING AND DEVELOPMENT

In 2010, BlueFire continued to develop the engineering package for the Fulton Project, and completed the Front-End Loading (FEL) stages 2
and FEL-3 of engineering for the Fulton Project readying the facility for construction. FEL is the process for conceptual development of
processing industry projects. This process is used in the petrochemical, refining, and pharmaceutical industries. Front-End Loading is also
referred to as Front-End Engineering Design (FEED).

There are three stages in the FEL process:

 FEL-1                       FEL-2                                        FEL-3

* Material Balance           * Preliminary Equipment Design               * Purchase Ready Major Equipment Specifications
* Energy Balance             * Preliminary Layout                         * Definitive Estimate
* Project Charter            * Preliminary Schedule                       * Project Execution Plan
                             * Preliminary Estimate                       * Preliminary 3D Model
                                                                          * Electrical Equipment List
                                                                          * Line List
                                                                          * Instrument Index

As of November 2010, the Fulton Project has all necessary permits for construction, and in that same month we began site clearing and
preparation work, signaling the beginning of construction. In June 2011, BlueFire completed initial site preparation and the site is now ready
for facility construction. In February 2010, we announced that we submitted an application for a $250 million dollar loan guarantee for the
Fulton Project, under the DOE LGPO, mentioned above. In February 2011, BlueFire received notice from the DOE LGPO staff that the Fulton
Project’s application will not move forward until such time as the project has raised the remaining equity necessary for the completion of
funding. In August 2010, BlueFire submitted an application for a $250 million loan guarantee with the U.S. Department of Agriculture
(“USDA”) under Section 9003 of the 2008 Farm Bill, as defined below (“USDA LG”). In October 2011, BlueFire was notified by its lender
(“Lender”) for the Company’s USDA loan guarantee application that the USDA sent the Lender notice that they are currently ineligible to
participate in the USDA Biorefinery Assistance Program. The USDA has offered to meet with the Lender and the Company in order to provide
further explanation as to its decision and to allow the Lender and the Company the opportunity to provide any new information and potential
alternatives for the USDA’s consideration. The Company plans to continue to work with the USDA and the Lender in order to satisfy the loan
guarantee application requirements which may include the substitution of another lender; however, no assurances can be made that the
Company will be able to satisfy these requirements. In October 2011, BlueFire signed a Memorandum of Understanding with China Huadian
Engineering Co., a unit of China Huadian Corp., which is China’s fourth-largest utility, to buy a stake in the Fulton Project and may later also
provide debt financing. BlueFire is currently in negotiations with China Huadian Corp, but no definitive agreements have yet been executed.


                                                                      33
On September 27, 2010, the Company announced a contract with Cooper Marine & Timberlands to provide feedstock for the Company’s
planned Fulton Project for a period of up to 15 years. Under the agreement, Cooper Marine & Timberlands (“CMT”) will supply the project
with all of the feedstock required to produce approximately 19-million gallons of ethanol per year from locally sourced cellulosic materials
such as wood chips, forest residual chips, pre-commercial thinnings and urban wood waste such as construction waste, storm debris, land
clearing; or manufactured wood waste from furniture manufacturing. Under the Agreement, CMT will pursue a least-cost strategy for feedstock
supply made possible by the project site's proximity to feedstock sources and the flexibility of BlueFire's process to use a wide spectrum of
cellulosic waste materials in pure or mixed forms. CMT, with several chip mills in operation in Mississippi and Alabama, is a member
company of Cooper/T. Smith one of America's oldest and largest stevedoring and maritime related firms with operations on all three U.S.
coasts and foreign operations in Central and South America.

On September 20, 2010, the Company announced an off-take agreement with Tenaska BioFuels, LLC (“TBF”) for the purchase and sale of all
ethanol produced at the Company’s planned Fulton Project. Pricing of the 15-year contract follows a market-based formula structured to
capture the premium allowed for cellulosic ethanol compared to corn-based ethanol giving the Company a credit worthy contract to support
financing of the project. Despite the long-term nature of the contract, the Company is not precluded from the upside in the coming years as fuel
prices rise. TBF, a marketing affiliate of Tenaska, provides procurement and marketing, supply chain management, physical delivery, and
financial services to customers in the agriculture and energy markets, including the ethanol and biodiesel industries. In business since 1987,
Tenaska is one of the largest independent power producers.

On August 4, 2010, the Company submitted a loan guarantee request to the USDA for $250 million for the Fulton Project. In October 2011,
BlueFire was notified by its lender (“Lender”) for the Company’s USDA loan guarantee application that the USDA sent the Lender notice that
they are currently ineligible to participate in the USDA Biorefinery Assistance Program. The USDA has offered to meet with the Lender and
the Company in order to provide further explanation as to its decision and to allow the Lender and the Company the opportunity to provide any
new information and potential alternatives for the USDA’s consideration. The Company plans to continue to work with the USDA and the
Lender in order to satisfy the loan guarantee application requirements which may include the substitution of another lender.

On July 15, 2010, the board of directors of BlueFire, by unanimous written consent, approved the filing of a Certificate of Amendment to the
Company’s Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of Nevada, changing the Company’s name from BlueFire Ethanol Fuels, Inc.
to BlueFire Renewables, Inc. Our Board of Directors and management believe that changing our name to BlueFire Renewables, Inc. more
accurately reflects our primary business plan expanding the focus from just building cellulosic ethanol projects to include other advanced
biofuels, biodiesel, and other drop-in biofuels as well as synthetic lubricants. On July 20, 2010, the Certificate of Amendment was accepted by
the Secretary of State of Nevada.

Results of Operations

Year Ended December 31, 2011 Compared to the Year Ended December 31, 2010

Revenue

Revenue excluding unbilled grant revenue, for the year ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, were approximately $36,000 and $641,000,
respectively, and was primarily related to a federal grant from the DOE. The grant generally provides for reimbursement in connection with
related development and construction costs involving commercialization of our technologies. The decrease in revenue was partially due to
limitations of capital and decreased activity in fiscal 2011 as the Company seeks funding for the Fulton project. The majority of the difference
($354,000) was due to a change in accounting estimate for revenue realized in prior years. The change stems from billings in excess of
estimated earnings. These earnings were based on estimates accepted by the DOE at the time of reimbursement. Upon subsequent review by
the DOE a change in estimate was required and a cumulative catch up adjustment was necessary.


                                                                      34
Unbilled Grant Revenues

Unbilled grant revenues for the year ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, were approximately $169,000 and $28,000, respectively. The
increase in unbilled grant revenues is a result of having limited cash resources in the fourth quarter of 2011 to pay for reimbursable costs under
the DOE grant. These costs are expected to be partially realized with financing obtained in March 2012.

Project Development

For the year ended December 31, 2011, our project development costs were approximately $595,000, compared to project development costs of
$1,097,000 for the same period during 2010. The decrease in project development costs is mainly due to a decrease in project activities
subsequent to completing the preparation of the Fulton site in June 2011.

General and Administrative Expenses

General and Administrative Expenses were approximately $1,753,000 for the year ended December 31, 2011, compared to $1,997,000 for the
same period in 2010. The decrease in general and administrative costs is mainly due to reduced non-critical operations at the end of fiscal 2011
to conserve working capital.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Historically, we have funded our operations through financing activities consisting primarily of private placements of debt and equity securities
with existing shareholders and outside investors. In addition, we receive funds under the grant received from the DOE. Our principal use of
funds has been for the further development of our bio-refinery projects, for capital expenditures and general corporate expenses. As our
projects are developed to the point of construction, we anticipate significant purchases of long lead time item equipment for construction which
will require a significant amount of capital. As of December 31, 2011, we had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $15,000. As of May
2, 2012, we had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $71,000.

Historically, we have funded our operations though the following transactions:

In February 2009, the Company obtained a line of credit in the amount of $570,000 from Arkenol Inc., its technology licensor, to provide
additional liquidity to the Company as needed, the credit line was ultimately paid back during 2009 and cancelled.

In October 2009, the Company received additional funds of approximately $3,800,000 from the DOE, due to the success in amending its DOE
award to include costs previously incurred in connection with the development of the Lancaster Biorefinery which have a direct attributable
benefit to the Fulton Project. The funds were used to fund operations for the remainder of 2009 and most of 2010.

On December 15, 2010, the Company entered into a $200,000 loan agreement (“Loan”) with Arnold Klann, the Chief Executive Officer
(“CEO/Lender”). The Loan requires the Company to (i) pay to the CEO/Lender a one-time amount equal to fifteen percent (15%) of the Loan
in cash or shares of the Company’s common stock at a value of $0.50 per share, at the CEO/Lender’s option; and (ii) issue the CEO/Lender
warrants allowing the CEO/Lender to buy 500,000 common shares of the Company at an exercise price of $0.50 per common share, such
warrants to expire on December 15, 2013. The Company has promised to pay in full the outstanding principal balance of any and all amounts
due under the Loan Agreement within thirty (30) days of the Company’s receipt of investment financing or a commitment from a third party to
provide $1,000,000 to the Company or one of its subsidiaries. The proceeds from this loan are being used to fund operations.


                                                                       35
On December 23, 2010, the Company sold a one percent (1%) membership interest in its operating subsidiary, BlueFire Fulton Renewable
Energy, LLC (“BlueFire Fulton” or the “Fulton Project”), to an accredited investor for a purchase price of $750,000 (“Purchase Price”). The
Company maintains a 99% ownership interest in BlueFire Fulton. In addition, the investor received a right to require the Company to redeem
the 1% interest for $862,500, or any pro-rata amount thereon. The redemption is based upon future contingent events based upon obtaining
financing for the construction of the Fulton Project.

On November 10, 2011, the Company obtained a line of credit in the amount of $40,000 from its Chairman/Chief Executive Officer and
majority shareholder to provide additional liquidity to the Company as needed, at his sole discretion. Under the terms of the note, the Company
is to repay any principal balance and interest, at 12% per annum, within 30 days of receiving qualified investment financing of $100,000 or
more. As of May 2, 2012, the outstanding balance on the line of credit is approximately $19,200.

On January 19, 2011, the Company signed a $10 million purchase agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with Lincoln Park Capital Fund,
LLC (“LPC”), an Illinois limited liability company. The Company also entered into a registration rights agreement with LPC whereby we
agreed to file a registration statement related to the transaction with the U.S. Securities & Exchange Commission (“SEC”) covering the shares
that may be issued to LPC under the Purchase Agreement within ten days of the agreement. Although under the Purchase Agreement the
registration statement was to be declared effective by March 31, 2011, LPC did not terminate the Purchase Agreement.

After the SEC declared effective the registration statement related to the transaction, we have the right, in our sole discretion, over a 30-month
period to sell our shares of common stock to LPC in amounts up to $500,000 per sale, depending on certain conditions as set forth in the
Purchase Agreement, up to the aggregate commitment of $10 million.

Management has estimated that operating expenses for the next twelve months will be approximately $1,700,000, excluding engineering costs
related to the development of bio-refinery projects. These matters raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going
concern. For the remainder of 2012, the Company intends to fund its operations with reimbursements under the Department of Energy contract,
from the sale of Fulton Project equity ownership, from the sale of debt and equity instruments, and our equity purchase agreement
consummated with LPC in January 2011 (as discussed herein). The Company's ability to get reimbursed on the DOE contract is dependent on
the availability of cash to pay for the related costs. As of May 2, 2012, the Company expects the current resources, as well as the resources
available in the short term under the LPC Purchase Agreement, will only be sufficient for a period of approximately two months, depending
upon certain funding conditions contained herein, unless significant additional financing is received. Management has determined that these
general expenditures must be reduced and additional capital will be required in the form of equity or debt securities. In addition, if we cannot
raise additional short term capital we will be forced to continue to further accrue liabilities due to our limited cash reserves. There are no
assurances that management will be able to raise capital on terms acceptable to the Company. If we are unable to obtain sufficient amounts of
additional capital, we may be required to reduce the scope of our planned development, which could harm our business, financial condition and
operating results.

Changes in Cash Flows

During the year ended December 31, 2011, we invested approximately $613,000 and received DOE reimbursements of approximately
$490,000 for net DOE reimbursements of approximately $123,000, in construction activities at our Fulton Project, compared with $634,000,
net of DOE reimbursements in the same period in 2010. This invested decrease was due to the decrease of the engineering and other
capitalizable costs in connection with the development of the Fulton Project as it has become shovel ready. The decrease in the DOE
reimbursements was due to the decrease of work at the Fulton site in partnership with the County of Itawamba of the State of Mississippi and
their contributing costs share.

We received net proceeds from LPC of approximately $350,000 for the year ended December 31, 2011, for shares of the Company’s common
stock and warrants. There were no such financing transactions during the year ended December 31, 2010 as cash on hand was sufficient to fund
operations.


                                                                       36
Critical Accounting Policies

We prepare our consolidated financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
The preparation of these financial statements require the use of estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and
liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and
expenses during the reporting period. Our management periodically evaluates the estimates and judgments made. Management bases its
estimates and judgments on historical experience and on various factors that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual
results may differ from these estimates as a result of different assumptions or conditions.

The methods, estimates, and judgment we use in applying our most critical accounting policies have a significant impact on the results we
report in our financial statements. The SEC has defined “critical accounting policies” as those accounting policies that are most important to the
portrayal of our financial condition and results, and require us to make our most difficult and subjective judgments, often as a result of the need
to make estimates of matters that are inherently uncertain. Based upon this definition, our most critical estimates relate to the fair value of
warrant liabilities. We also have other key accounting estimates and policies, but we believe that these other policies either do not generally
require us to make estimates and judgments that are as difficult or as subjective, or it is less likely that they would have a material impact on
our reported results of operations for a given period. For additional information see Note 2, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” in
the notes to our audited financial statements appearing elsewhere in this registration statement. Although we believe that our estimates and
assumptions are reasonable, they are based upon information presently available, and actual results may differ significantly from these
estimates.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.

MARKET PRICE OF AND DIVIDENDS ON REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

(a) Market Information

Our shares of common stock began trading under the symbol “BFRE.PK” on the Pink Sheets of the National Quotation Bureau on July 11,
2006 and later began trading on the OTCBB under the symbol “BFRE.OB” on June 19, 2007.

The following table sets forth the high and low trade information for our common stock for each quarter during the past three fiscal years. The
prices reflect inter-dealer quotations, do not include retail mark-ups, markdowns or commissions and do not necessarily reflect actual
transactions.

Quarter ended                                                                                            Low Price                High Price

March 31, 2009                                                                                       $              0.51      $             1.00
June 30, 2009                                                                                        $              0.55      $             1.60
September 30, 2009                                                                                   $              0.80      $             1.20
December 31, 2009                                                                                    $              0.85      $             1.25
March 31, 2010                                                                                       $              0.34      $             1.00
June 30, 2010                                                                                        $              0.17      $             0.37
September 30, 2010                                                                                   $              0.09      $             0.50
December 31, 2010                                                                                    $              0.43      $             0.66
March 31, 2011                                                                                       $              0.35      $             0.48
June 30, 2011                                                                                        $              0.15      $             0.44
September 30, 2011                                                                                   $              0.15      $             0.25
December 31, 2011                                                                                    $              0.13      $             0.30


                                                                        37
(b) Holders

As of May 2, 2012, a total of 32,776,919 shares of the Company’s common stock are currently outstanding held by approximately 2,750
shareholders of record.

Transfer Agent and Registrar

The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock is First American Stock Transfer with its business address at 4747 N 7th Street, Suite
170, Phoenix, AZ 85014.

(c) Dividends

We have not declared or paid any dividends on our common stock and intend to retain any future earnings to fund the development and growth
of our business. Therefore, we do not anticipate paying dividends on our common stock for the foreseeable future. There are no restrictions on
our present ability to pay dividends to stockholders of our common stock, other than those prescribed by Nevada law.

(d) Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

2006 Incentive and Non-Statutory Stock Option Plan, as Amended

In order to compensate our officers, directors, employees and/or consultants, on December 14, 2006, our Board of Directors approved and
stockholders ratified by consent the 2006 Incentive and Non-Statutory Stock Option Plan (the “Plan”). The Plan has a total of 10,000,000
shares reserved for issuance.

On October 16, 2007, the Board of Directors reviewed the Plan. As such, it determined that the Plan was to be used as a comprehensive equity
incentive program for which the Board of Directors serves as the plan administrator and, therefore, amended the Plan (the “Amended and
Restated Plan”) to add the ability to grant restricted stock awards.

Under the Amended and Restated Plan, an eligible person in the Company’s service may acquire a proprietary interest in the Company in the
form of shares or an option to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock. The amendment includes certain previously granted restricted
stock awards as having been issued under the Amended and Restated Plan.

As of December 31, 2011, we have issued the following stock options and grants under the Amended and Restated Plan:

                                                  Equity Compensation Plan Information

                                                                             Number of
                                                                          securities to be
                                                                            issued upon
                                                                             exercise of
                                                                            outstanding
                                                                              options,
                                                                           warrants and            Weighted average          Number of
                                                                             rights and             exercise price            securities
                                                                         number of shares           of outstanding            remaining
                                                                                 of                options, warrants        available for
Plan category                                                             restricted stock           and rights (2)        future issuance

Equity compensation plans approved by security holders under the
Amended and Restated Plan                                                    2,555,518 (1)     $                  3.21            5,454,482
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders                               -
Total                                                                           2,555,518

    (1) Excluding 20,000 options that have been exercised, and 2,057,500 options that expired in December 2011.

    (2) Excludes shares of restricted stock issued under the Plan.
38
Rule 10B-18 Transactions

During the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, there were no repurchases of the Company’s common stock by the Company.

                                  CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON
                                        ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

None.

                         DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS, PROMOTERS AND CONTROL PERSONS

Directors and Executive Officers

The following table and biographical summaries set forth information, including principal occupation and business experience, about our
directors and executive officers as of May 2, 2012. There is no familial relationship between or among the nominees, directors or executive
officers of the Company.

                                                                                                                   OFFICER AND/OR
NAME                                 AGE          POSITION                                                         DIRECTOR SINCE
Arnold Klann                          60          President, CEO and Director                                          June 2006
Necitas Sumait                        52          Secretary, SVP and Director                                          June 2006
John Cuzens                           60          SVP, Chief Technology Officer                                        June 2006
Chris Nichols                         46          Director                                                             June 2006
Joseph Sparano                        64          Director                                                            March 2011

The Company’s directors serve in such capacity until the first annual meeting of the Company’s shareholders and until their successors have
been elected and qualified. The Company’s officers serve at the discretion of the Company’s board of directors, until their death, or until they
resign or have been removed from office.

There are no agreements or understandings for any director or officer to resign at the request of another person and none of the directors or
officers is acting on behalf of or will act at the direction of any other person. The activities of each director and officer are material to the
operation of the Company. No other person’s activities are material to the operation of the Company.

Arnold R. Klann – Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer

Mr. Klann has been our Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer since our inception in March 2006. Mr. Klann has been President
of ARK Energy, Inc. and Arkenol, Inc. from January 1989 to present. Mr. Klann has an AA from Lakeland College in Electrical Engineering.
BlueFire believes that Mr. Klann’s contacts in the ethanol and cellulose industries and his overall insight into our business are a valuable asset
to the Company.

Necitas Sumait – Senior Vice President and Director

Mrs. Sumait has been our Director and Senior Vice President since our inception in March 2006. Prior to this, Mrs. Sumait was Vice President
of ARK Energy/Arkenol from December 1992 to July 2006. Mrs. Sumait has a MBA in Technological Management from Illinois Institute of
Technology and a B.S. in Biology from DePaul University. BlueFire believes that Mrs. Sumait’s work with, and insight into, the environmental
regulation and policy of our business is a valuable asset to the Company.

John Cuzens - Chief Technology Officer and Senior Vice President

Mr. Cuzens has been our Chief Technology Officer and Senior Vice President since our inception in March 2006. Mr. Cuzens was a Director
from March 2006 until his resignation from the Board of Directors in July 2007. Prior to this, he was Director of Projects Wahlco Inc. from
2004 to June 2006. He was employed by Applied Utility Systems Inc from 2001 to 2004 and Hydrogen Burner Technology form 1997-2001.
He was with ARK Energy and Arkenol from 1991 to 1997 and is the co-inventor on seven of Arkenol’s eight U.S. foundation patents for the
conversion of cellulosic materials into fermentable sugar products using a modified strong acid hydrolysis process. Mr. Cuzens has a B.S.
Chemical Engineering degree from the University of California at Berkeley.


                                                                       39
Chris Nichols – Director (Chairman, Compensation Committee)

Mr. Nichols has been our Director since our inception in March 2006. Mr. Nichols is currently the Chief Sales Officer for Field Nation, LLC.
Previously, Mr Nichols was the Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Advanced Growing Systems, Inc. From 2003 to 2006,
Mr. Nichols was the Senior Vice President of Westcap Securities’ Private Client Group. Prior to this, Mr. Nichols was a Registered
Representative at Fisher Investments from December 2002 to October 2003. He was a Registered Representative with Interfirst Capital
Corporation from 1997 to 2002. Mr. Nichols is a graduate of California State University in Fullerton with a B.A. degree in Marketing. The
Company believes that Mr. Nichols’ experience in public company financing will assist us with the formation of new capital into the Company.

Joseph Sparano – Director

Mr. Sparano currently serves as an executive advisor to the Western States Petroleum Association’s (“WSPA”) board of directors. WSPA is an
non-profit trade association that represents companies that account for the bulk of petroleum exploration, production, refining, transportation
and marketing in the six western states of Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, Oregon and Washington. In his role as executive advisor, Mr.
Sparano advises the WSPA’s President and Chairman on matters related to the trade organization’s operations and advocacy in six Western
states (CA, AZ, NV, WA, OR, HI). Mr. Sparano has served in such role since January 2010, at which time he resigned as the President of the
WSPA, a role in which he served since March 2003. Prior to joining the WSPA, from March 2000 to March 2003, Mr. Sparano served as the
President of Tesoro Petroleum Corporation’s (“Tesoro”) West Coast Regional Business Unit and as Vice President of the company’s Heavy
Fuels Marketing segment. Tesoro is an independent marketer and refiner of petroleum products. Prior to joining Teroso, from September 1990
to August 1995, Mr. Sparano served as the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Pacific Refining Company, a California based petroleum
refining operation. Mr. Sparano graduated cum laude from the Stevens Institute of Technology, receiving a B.S. in chemical engineering. The
Company believes that Mr. Sparano’s experience in both mergers and acquisitions and in representing the oil and gas industry will assist us
with the formation of new strategic partnerships.

Family Relationships

There are no family relationships among our directors, executive officers, or persons nominated or chosen by the Company to become directors
or executive officers.

Executive Legal Proceedings

Except as set forth below, no director or executive officer has been a director or executive officer of any business which has filed a bankruptcy
petition or had a bankruptcy petition filed against it during the past five years. No director or executive officer has been convicted of a criminal
offense or is the subject of a pending criminal proceeding during the past five years. No director or executive officer has been the subject of any
order, judgment or decree of any court permanently or temporarily enjoining, barring, suspending or otherwise limiting his involvement in any
type of business, securities or banking activities during the past five years. No director or officer has been found by a court to have violated a
federal or state securities or commodities law during the past five years.

Mr. Nichols was a director of Advanced Nurseries, Inc. (“Advanced Nurseries”), until September 2009. In March 2009, Advanced Nurseries
filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. In September 2009, the bankruptcy was voluntarily converted into a Chapter 7 bankruptcy.

Mr. Nichols was a director of Organic Growing Systems, Inc. (“Organic”), until June 2010. In February 2010, Organic filed for Chapter 11
bankruptcy. In June 2010, the bankruptcy was voluntarily converted into a Chapter 7 bankruptcy.

None of our directors or executive officers or their respective immediate family members or affiliates are indebted to us.


                                                                        40
Committees of the Board of Directors

Each of our Audit Committee, Compensation Committee and Nomination Committee are composed of a majority of independent board
members and are also chaired by an independent board member.

Audit Committee

Christopher Nichols

Compensation Committee

Christopher Nichols, Chairman

Nomination Committee

There are currently no members in the Nomination Committee

Compliance with Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act

Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act requires the Company’s directors, executive officers and persons who beneficially own 10% or more of a
class of securities registered under Section 12 of the Exchange Act to file reports of beneficial ownership and changes in beneficial ownership
with the SEC. Directors, executive officers and greater than 10% stockholders are required by the rules and regulations of the SEC to furnish
the Company with copies of all reports filed by them in compliance with Section 16(a). To the best of the Company’s knowledge, any reports
required to be filed were timely filed as of May 2, 2012.

Code of Ethics

The Company has adopted a Code of Ethics that applies to the Registrant’s directors, officers and key employees.

Board Nomination Procedure

There has been no material change to the procedures by which security holders may recommend nominees to the Company’s board of directors
since the Company provided disclosure on such process on its proxy statement on Schedule 14A, as amended, filed on May 19, 2010, with the
SEC.

                                                     EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

The following table sets forth information with respect to compensation paid by us to our executive officers during the three most recent fiscal
years. This information includes the dollar value of base salaries, bonus awards and number of stock options granted, and certain other
compensation, if any.


                                                                      41
                                                             SUMMARY COMPENSATION TABLE

                                                                                                    Non-Equity        Non-Qualified
                                                                     Stock        Option           Incentive Plan       Deferred            All Other
Name and                                Salary         Bonus        Awards        Awards           Compensation       Compensation        Compensation           Total
Principal Position          Year        ($)(5)          ($)         ($) (2)       ($) (2)               ($)            Earnings ($)          ($) (3)              ($)


Arnold Klann              2011           226,000                            0                                                                            0       226,000
Chief Executive                                                        1,440
Officer,                  2010           226,000                          (1)                                                                    45,525          272,965
President

Necitas Sumait            2011           180,000                            0                                                                            0       180,000
                                                                       1,400
Secretary,                2010           180,000                          (1)                                                                    20,925          202,325
Vice President

John Cuzens               2011           180,000                                                                                                       0         180,000
Treasurer,                2010           180,000                                                                                                   8,654         188,654
Vice President

Christopher Scott         2011            90,000                                                                                                         0        90,000
Former Chief              2010           120,000                                                                                                                 120,000
Financial Officer (4)

      (1) Reflects the value of shares of restricted common stock issued as compensation for serving on the Company’s board of directors. See note
          the consolidated financial statements for valuation.

      (2) Valued based on the Black-Scholes valuation model at the date of grant, see note to the consolidated financial statements.

      (3) Reflects the cash payments made to the executives for paid time off.

      (4) Mr. Scott resigned from his position as Chief Financial Officer of the Company on September 23, 2011.

      (5) In 2011, due to a lack of capital, the Company accrued, but had not paid back salary in the amounts of $75,333 to Mr. Klann, $60,000 to
          Sumait, $60,000 to Mr. Cuzens, and $10,000 to Mr. Scott.

                                             2011 OUTSTANDING EQUITY AWARDS AT FISCAL YEAR

                                           OPTION AWARDS                                                                          STOCK AWARDS
                                                                                                                                                                Equity
                                                                                                                                                              Incentive
                                                                                                                                              Equity             Plan
                                                                                                                               Market       Incentive          Awards:
                                                                                                                    Number     Value of        Plan           Market or
                                                                     Equity                                             of      Shares       Awards:            Payout
                                                                 Incentive Plan                                      Shares        or      Number of            Value
                                                                    Awards:                                         or Units   Units of     Unearned         of Unearned
                     Number of            Number of                Number of                                        of Stock    Stock        Shares,            Shares,
                      Securities           Securities              Securities                                         That       That         Units            Units or
                     Underlying           Underlying               Underlying                                         Have       Have        or Other        Other Rights
                     Unexercised          Unexercised             Unexercised        Option            Option         Not        Not       Rights That        That Have
                     Options (#)          Options (#)               Unearned        Exercise          Expiration     Vested    Vested       Have Not             Not
Name                 Exercisable         Unexercisable             Options (#)      Price ($)           Date           (#)        ($)      Vested (#)         Vested (#)

Arnold Klann               28,409                        -                                  3.52        12/20/12
                          125,000 (1)              125,000 (1)                              3.20        12/20/12

Necitas
Sumait                    118,750 (1)               87,500 (1)                              3.20        12/20/12

John Cuzens               118,750 (1)               87,500 (1)                              3.20        12/20/12

Christopher
Scott                     118,750 (1)               87,500 (1)                              3.20        12/20/12

Chris Nichols
Roger Peterson
(2)

     (1) 50% vested immediately upon grant in 2007, 25% vests on closing remainder of Lancaster Project Funding, 25% vests at the start of
         construction of Lancaster Project.

     (2) Mr. Peterson resigned from his position as a member of the Company’s board of directors on January 25, 2012.


                                                                    42
                                              2011 DIRECTOR COMPENSATION TABLE

                                                                                                  Change in
                                                                                                Pension Value
                                                                                                  and Non-
                                                                                Non-Equity        Qualified
                               Fees Earned        Stock             Option     Incentive Plan     Deferred        All Other
                                or Paid in       Awards             Awards     Compensation     Compensation    Compensation       Total
Name                            Cash ($)           ($)               ($)            ($)          Earnings ($)        ($)            ($)

Arnold Klann

Necitas Sumait

Chris Nichols (1)                5,000                                                                                             5,000

Roger Peterson

Joseph Sparano (1)               5,000                                                                                             5,000

(1) These fees were accrued, yet unpaid, as of December 31, 2011.

Employment Contracts

On June 27, 2006, the Company entered into employment agreements with three of its executive officers. The employment agreements are for a
period of three years, which expired in 2009, with prescribed percentage increases beginning in 2007 and can be cancelled upon a written
notice by either employee or employer (if certain employee acts of misconduct are committed). The total aggregate annual amount due under
the employment agreements is approximately $520,000. These contracts have not been renewed. Each of the executive officers are currently
working for the Company on a month to month basis.

In addition, on June 27, 2006, the Company entered into a Directors agreement with four individuals to join the Company’s board of directors.
Under the terms of the agreement the non-employee Director (Chris Nichols) will receive annual compensation in the amount of $5,000 and all
Directors receive a onetime grant of 5,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. The common shares vested immediately. The value of the
common stock granted was determined to be approximately $67,000 based on the estimated fair market value of the Company’s common stock
over a reasonable period of time.

On July 31, 2008, the Board of Directors approved the re-election of Victor Doolan, Joseph Emas, Christopher Nichols, Arnold Klann and
Necitas Sumait. The Company also resolved to grant each Board Chair, and the Secretary each an additional 5,000 shares of stock. The value of
the common stock granted at the time of the grant was determined to be approximately $123,000 based on the estimated fair market value of
the Company’s common stock.

On July 23, 2009, the Board of Directors approved the re-election of Victor Doolan, Joseph Emas, Christopher Nichols, Arnold Klann and
Necitas Sumait. The Company also resolved to grant each Board Chair, and the Secretary each an additional 5,000 shares of stock. The value of
the common stock granted at the time of the grant was determined to be approximately $5,250 based on the estimated fair market value of the
Company’s common stock.

On December 22, 2009, the Company Board of Directors accepted the resignation of Joseph I. Emas, which had been submitted on December
21, 2009. Mr. Emas served on the Audit Committee, Compensation Committee and as Chairman of the Nominating Committee. Mr. Emas
resignation was not a result of any disagreements relating to the Company’s operations, policies or practices.

On July 15, 2010, the Company entered into a Directors agreement with Roger Petersen to join the Company’s board of directors. Under the
terms of the agreement Mr. Petersen will receive annual compensation in the amount of $5,000 and also Directors receive an annual grant of
6,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. The common shares vest immediately. The value of the common stock granted was determined
to be approximately $1,440 based on the estimated fair market value of the Company’s common stock over a reasonable period of time.

On December 14, 2010, Victor Doolan resigned from his position on the board of directors of the Company. His resignation was not the result
of any disagreements with the Company on any matters relating to the Company’s operations, policies or practices.

On March 1, 2011, the Company entered into a director agreement with Joseph Sparano to join the Company’s board of directors. Under the
terms of the agreement, Mr. Sparano will receive annual compensation in the amount of $5,000 and also directors receive an annual grant of
6,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. The common shares vest immediately. The value of the common stock will be determined when
issued.
On September 23, 2011, Christopher Scott resigned from his position as the Chief Financial Officer of the Company. His resignation was not
the result of any disagreements with the Company on any matters relating to the Company’s operations, policies or practices.


                                                                   43
On January 25, 2012, Roger Peterson resigned from his position on the board of directors of the Company. His resignation was not the result of
any disagreements with the Company on any matters relating to the Company’s operations, policies or practices.

                       SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT

As of May 2, 2012, our authorized capitalization was 101,000,000 shares of capital stock, consisting of 100,000,000 shares of common stock,
$0.001 par value per share and 1,000,000 shares of preferred stock, no par value per share. As of May 2, 2012, there were 32,776,919 shares of
our common stock outstanding, all of which were fully paid, non-assessable and entitled to vote. Each share of our common stock entitles its
holder to one vote on each matter submitted to the stockholders.

The following table sets forth, as of May 2, 2012, the number of shares of our common stock owned by (i) each person who is known by us to
own of record or beneficially five percent (5%) or more of our outstanding shares, (ii) each of our directors, (iii) each of our executive officers
and (iv) all of our directors and executive officers as a group. Unless otherwise indicated, each of the persons listed below has sole voting and
investment power with respect to the shares of our common stock beneficially owned.

Executive Officers, Directors, and More than 5% Beneficial Owners

The address of each owner who is an officer or director is c/o the Company at 31 Musick, Irvine California 92618.

                                                                                                          Number of                Percent of
Name of Beneficial Owner (1)                                                                               Shares                   Class (2)

Arnold Klann                                                                                                 13,579,909 (3)                40.62 %
Chief Executive Officer, President, Chairman

Necitas Sumait                                                                                                1,336,750 (4)                     *%
Senior Vice President, Director

John Cuzens                                                                                                   1,302,250 (5)                     *%
Chief Technology Officer, Senior Vice President

Chris Nicols                                                                                                     16,000                         *%
Director

Joseph Sparano                                                                                                         0                        *%
Director

All officers and directors as a group (5 persons)                                                                                          48.22 %

James G. Speirs                                                                                               5,703,489 (6)                15.40 %

All officers, directors and 5% holders as a group (6 persons)                                                                              57.84 %
* denotes less than 1%

    (1) Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with Rule 13d-3(a) of the Exchange Act and generally includes voting or
        investment power with respect to securities.

    (2) Figures may not add up due to rounding of percentages.

    (3) Includes options and warrants to purchase 653,409 shares of common stock vested at May 2, 2012.

    (4) Includes options to purchase 118,750 shares of common stock vested at May 2, 2012.

    (5) Includes options to purchase 118,750 shares of common stock vested at May 2, 2012.

    (6) As per Form 13G filed on February 6, 2012, and includes options and warrants to purchase 4,260,741 shares of common stock vested
        at May 2, 2012.
44
Share Issuances/Consulting Agreements

On July 31, 2008, the Company renewed all of its existing Directors appointments, issued 6,000 shares to each and paid $5,000 to the three
outside members. Pursuant to the Board of Director agreements, the Company’s “in-house” board members (CEO and Vice-President) waived
their annual cash compensation of $5,000. The value of the common stock granted was determined to be approximately $123,000 based on the
fair market value of the Company’s common stock of $4.10 on the date of the grant. During the years ended December 31, 2008, the Company
expensed approximately $138,000, related to the agreements.

On July 23, 2009, the Company renewed all of its existing Directors’ appointment, issued 6,000 shares to each and paid $5,000 to the three
outside member. Pursuant to the Board of Director agreements, the Company's "in-house" board members (CEO and Vice-President) waived
their annual cash compensation of $5,000. The value of the common stock granted was determined to be approximately $26,400 based on the
fair market value of the Company’s common stock of $0.88 on the date of the grant. During the year 2009 the Company expensed
approximately $41,400 related to these agreements.

On July 15, 2010, the Company renewed all of its existing Directors’ appointment, issued 6,000 shares to each and paid $5,000 to the three
outside member. Pursuant to the Board of Director agreements, the Company's "in-house" board members (CEO and Vice-President) waived
their annual cash compensation of $5,000. The value of the common stock granted was determined to be approximately $7,200 based on the
fair market value of the Company’s common stock of $0.24 on the date of the grant. During the year ended December 31, 2010, the Company
expensed approximately $17,000 related to these agreements.

Stock Option Issuances Under Amended 2006 Plan

No stock options have been granted by the Company’s Board of Directors in 2009, 2010 or 2011.

Description of Securities

The Company is authorized to issue 100,000,000 shares of $0.001 par value common stock, and 1,000,000 shares of no par value preferred
stock. As of May 2, 2012, the Company had 32,776,919 shares of common stock outstanding, and no shares of preferred stock outstanding.

Common Stock

As of May 2, 2012, we had 32,776,919 shares of common stock outstanding. The shares of our common stock presently outstanding, and any
shares of our common stock issues upon exercise of stock options and/or warrants, will be fully paid and non-assessable. Each holder of
common stock is entitled to one vote for each share owned on all matters voted upon by shareholders, and a majority vote is required for all
actions to be taken by shareholders. In the event we liquidate, dissolve or wind-up our operations, the holders of the common stock are entitled
to share equally and ratably in our assets, if any, remaining after the payment of all our debts and liabilities and the liquidation preference of
any shares of preferred stock that may then be outstanding. The common stock has no preemptive rights, no cumulative voting rights, and no
redemption, sinking fund, or conversion provisions. Since the holders of common stock do not have cumulative voting rights, holders of more
than 50% of the outstanding shares can elect all of our Directors, and the holders of the remaining shares by themselves cannot elect any
Directors. Holders of common stock are entitled to receive dividends, if and when declared by the Board of Directors, out of funds legally
available for such purpose, subject to the dividend and liquidation rights of any preferred stock that may then be outstanding.

Voting Rights

Each holder of common stock is entitled to one vote for each share of common stock held on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders.

Dividends

Subject to preferences that may be applicable to any then-outstanding shares of preferred stock, if any, and any other restrictions, holders of
common stock are entitled to receive ratably those dividends, if any, as may be declared from time to time by the Company’s board of directors
out of legally available funds. The Company and its predecessors have not declared any dividends in the past. Further, the Company does not
presently contemplate that there will be any future payment of any dividends on common stock.


                                                                       45
Preferred Stock

As of May 2, 2012, we had no shares of preferred stock outstanding. We may issue preferred stock in one or more class or series pursuant to
resolution of the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors may determine and alter the rights, preferences, privileges, and restrictions granted
to or imposed upon any wholly unissued series of preferred stock, and fix the number of shares and the designation of any series of preferred
stock. The Board of Directors may increase or decrease (but not below the number of shares of such series then outstanding) the number of
shares of any wholly unissued class or series subsequent to the issue of shares of that class or series. We have no present plans to issue any
shares of preferred stock.

Warrants

As of May 2, 2012, we had warrants to purchase an aggregate of 7,115,265 shares of our common stock outstanding. The exercise prices for
the warrants range from $0.50 per share to $5.45 per share, with a weighted average exercise price of approximately per share of $2.65. Some
of our warrants contain a provision in which the exercise price will be adjusted for future issuances of common stock at prices lower than the
current exercise price.

Options

As of May 2, 2012, we had options to purchase an aggregate of 1,229,659 shares of our common stock outstanding, with exercise prices for the
options ranging from $3.20 per share to $3.52 per share, with a weighted average exercise price per share of $3.21.

Anti-Takeover Provisions

Our Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation and Amended and Restated Bylaws contain provisions that may make it more difficult for
a third party to acquire or may discourage acquisition bids for us. Our Board of Directors may, without action of our stockholders, issue
authorized but unissued common stock and preferred stock. The issuance of additional shares to certain persons allied with our management
could have the effect of making it more difficult to remove our current management by diluting the stock ownership or voting rights of persons
seeking to cause such removal. The existence of unissued preferred stock may enable the Board of Directors, without further action by the
stockholders, to issue such stock to persons friendly to current management or to issue such stock with terms that could render more difficult or
discourage an attempt to obtain control of us, thereby protecting the continuity of our management. Our shares of preferred stock could
therefore be issued quickly with terms that could delay, defer, or prevent a change in control of us, or make removal of management more
difficult.

Disclosure of Commission Position on Indemnification for Securities Act Liabilities

The Company’s Amended and Restated Bylaws provide for indemnification of directors and officers against certain liabilities. Officers and
directors of the Company are indemnified generally for any threatened, pending or completed action, suit or proceeding, whether civil,
criminal, administrative or investigative, except an action by or in the right of the corporation, against expenses, including attorneys’ fees,
judgments, fines and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred by him in connection with the action, suit or proceeding if he
acted in good faith and in a manner which he reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the corporation, and, with
respect to any criminal action or proceeding, has no reasonable cause to believe his conduct was unlawful.

The Company’s Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation further provides the following indemnifications:

(a) a director of the Corporation shall not be personally liable to the Corporation or to its shareholders for damages for breach of fiduciary duty
as a director of the Corporation or to its shareholders for damages otherwise existing for (i) any breach of the director’s duty of loyalty to the
Corporation or to its shareholders; (ii) acts or omission not in good faith or which involve intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of the
law; (iii) acts revolving around any unlawful distribution or contribution; or (iv) any transaction from which the director directly or indirectly
derived any improper personal benefit. If Nevada Law is hereafter amended to eliminate or limit further liability of a director, then, in addition
to the elimination and limitation of liability provided by the foregoing, the liability of each director shall be eliminated or limited to the fullest
extent permitted under the provisions of Nevada Law as so amended. Any repeal or modification of the indemnification provided in these
Articles shall not adversely affect any right or protection of a director of the Corporation under these Articles, as in effect immediately prior to
such repeal or modification, with respect to any liability that would have accrued, but for this limitation of liability, prior to such repeal or
modification.


                                                                         46
(b) the Corporation shall indemnify, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law in effect from time to time, any person, and the estate and
personal representative of any such person, against all liability and expense (including, but not limited to attorney’s fees) incurred by reason of
the fact that he is or was a director or officer of the Corporation, he is or was serving at the request of the Corporation as a director, officer,
partner, trustee, employee, fiduciary, or agent of, or in any similar managerial or fiduciary position of, another domestic or foreign corporation
or other individual or entity of an employee benefit plan. The Corporation shall also indemnify any person who is serving or has served the
Corporation as a director, officer, employee, fiduciary, or agent and that person’s estate and personal representative to the extent and in the
manner provided in any bylaw, resolution of the shareholders or directors, contract, or otherwise, so long as such provision is legally
permissible.

Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the
Company pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, the Company has been advised that in the opinion of the SEC such
indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for
indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by us of expenses incurred or paid by our directors, officers or controlling
persons in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceedings) is asserted by such director, officer, or controlling person in connection
with any securities being registered, we will, unless in the opinion of our counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to
court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by us is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and
will be governed by the final adjudication of such issues.

               TRANSACTIONS WITH RELATED PERSONS, PROMOTERS, AND CERTAIN CONTROL PERSONS

During the year ended December 31, 2011, there were no transactions with related persons.

                                       INDEMNIFICATION FOR SECURITIES ACT LIABILITIES

Our Articles of Incorporation provide that it will indemnify its officers and directors to the full extent permitted by Nevada state law. Our
By-laws provide that we will indemnify and hold harmless our officers and directors for any liability including reasonable costs of defense
arising out of any act or omission taken on our behalf, to the full extent allowed by Nevada law, if the officer or director acted in good faith and
in a manner the officer or director reasonably believed to be in, or not opposed to, the best interests of the corporation.

Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act of 1933 (the “Act” or “Securities Act”) may be permitted to directors,
officers or persons controlling us pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, we have been advised that in the opinion of the SEC, such
indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Act and is, therefore, unenforceable.

                                                              LEGAL MATTERS

The validity of the shares of our common stock offered by the Selling Stock Holders has been passed upon by the law firm of Lucosky
Brookman LLP.

                                                                    EXPERTS

The consolidated financial statements of BlueFire Renewables, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, and for the years then
ended and for the period from March 28, 2006 (Inception) through December 31, 2011, appearing in the prospectus and registration statement
have been audited by dbbmckennon, an independent registered public accounting firm, as set forth in their report thereon appearing elsewhere
herein, and are included in reliance upon such report on the authority of such firm as experts in accounting and auditing..


                                                                        47
                                                     ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

We have filed a registration statement on Form S-1 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, relating to the shares of common stock being
offered by this prospectus, and reference is made to such registration statement. This prospectus constitutes the prospectus of BlueFire
Renewables, Inc. filed as part of the registration statement, and it does not contain all information in the registration statement, as certain
portions have been omitted in accordance with the rules and regulations of the SEC.

We are subject to the informational requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 which requires us to file reports, proxy statements and
other information with the SEC. Such reports, proxy statements and other information may be inspected at public reference facilities of the
SEC at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington D.C. 20549. Copies of such material can be obtained from the Public Reference Section of the SEC at
100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549 at prescribed rates. Because we file documents electronically with the SEC, you may also obtain
this information by visiting the SEC’s Internet website at http://www.sec.gov.


                                                                      48
                                                              5,500,000 Shares of
                                                                Common Stock

                                                                 PROSPECTUS

                                                    Dealer Prospectus Delivery Obligation

Until ________, 2012, all dealers that effect transactions in these securities, whether or not participating in this offering, may be required to
deliver a prospectus. This is in addition to the dealers’ obligation to deliver a prospectus when acting as underwriters and with respect to their
unsold allotments or subscriptions.

You should rely only on the information contained in this prospectus. We have not authorized anyone to provide you with information
different from that which is set forth in this prospectus. We are offering to sell shares of our common stock and seeking offers to buy shares of
our common stock only in jurisdictions where offers and sales are permitted. The information contained in this prospectus is accurate only as
of the date of this prospectus, regardless of the time of delivery of this prospectus or any sale of these securities. Our business, financial
condition, results of operation and prospects may have changed after the date of this prospectus.


                                                                            , 2012


                                                                       49
                                                    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

                                             Index to Consolidated Financial Statements

                                                                                          Page
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm                                          F-2
Consolidated Financial Statements:
Consolidated Balance Sheets                                                                   F-3
Consolidated Statements of Operations                                                         F-4
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Deficit                                              F-5
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows                                                        F-11
Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements                                               F-13


                                                               F- 1
                             REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of BlueFire Renewables, Inc. and subsidiaries

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of BlueFire Renewables, Inc. and subsidiaries, a development-stage company
(collectively the “Company”) as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ deficit,
and cash flows for the years then ended and the period from March 28, 2006 (“Inception”) through December 31, 2011. These consolidated
financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated
financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those
standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free
of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial
reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are
appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over
financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the
amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as
well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of BlueFire
Renewables, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the years then
ended and the period from Inception through December 31, 2011, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United
States of America.

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern. As
discussed in Note 2 of the financial statements, the Company has limited working capital and significant operating costs expected to be
incurred in the next 12 months. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going
concern. Management’s plans with respect to these matters are also discussed in Note 2. The accompanying consolidated financial statements
do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

/s/ dbb mckennon
Newport Beach, California
April 16, 2012


                                                                       F- 2
                                              BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
                                                   (A DEVELOPMENT-STAGE COMPANY)
                                                    CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

                                                                                                 December 31,               December 31,
                                                                                                     2011                       2010
ASSETS

Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents                                                                    $                15,028    $           592,359
Department of Energy unbilled grant receivables                                                              207,570                 51,769
Prepaid expenses                                                                                              15,911                 39,258
Total current assets                                                                                         238,509                683,386

Debt issuance costs                                                                                                 -               195,698
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $88,205 and $69,299,
respectively                                                                                                1,187,766              1,059,068

Total assets                                                                                 $              1,426,275   $          1,938,152


LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

Current liabilities:
Accounts payable                                                                             $                718,018   $           387,913
Accrued liabilities                                                                                           466,916               130,650
Line of credit, related party                                                                                  19,230                     -
Note payable to a related party, net of discount of $0 and $73,885, respectively                              200,000               126,115
Department of Energy billings in excess of estimated earnings                                                 354,000                     -
Outstanding warrant liability                                                                                     831                     -
Total current liabilities                                                                                   1,758,995               644,678

Outstanding warrant liability                                                                                 34,095                764,615

Total liabilities                                                                                           1,793,090              1,409,293

Redeemable noncontrolling interest                                                                           852,531                750,000

Stockholders’ deficit:
Preferred stock, no par value, 1,000,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding                             -                       -
Common stock, $0.001 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized; 32,099,840 and
  28,555,400 shares issued and 32,067,668 and 28,523,228 outstanding, respectively                          32,099                    28,555
Additional paid-in capital                                                                              14,543,019                14,169,756
Treasury stock at cost, 32,172 shares                                                                     (101,581 )                (101,581 )
Deficit accumulated during the development stage                                                       (15,692,883 )             (14,317,871 )
Total stockholders’ deficit                                                                             (1,219,346 )                (221,141 )

Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit                                                  $              1,426,275   $          1,938,152


                                              See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements


                                                                        F- 3
                                          BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
                                               (A DEVELOPMENT-STAGE COMPANY)
                                           CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

                                                                                                                                 From
                                                                                                                              March 28,
                                                                                                                                 2006
                                                                                      For the year        For the year        (inception)
                                                                                         ended               ended             Through
                                                                                      December 31,        December 31,       December 31,
                                                                                          2011                2010               2011
Revenues:
Consulting fees                                                                       $        3,849      $      71,196      $       143,615
Department of Energy grant revenues                                                           31,704            569,879            5,975,734
Department of Energy unbilled grant revenues                                                 168,773             28,268              197,041

Total revenues                                                                               204,326            669,343            6,316,390

Operating expenses:
Project development, including stock based compensation of $0, $0, and
$4,468,490, respectively                                                                     595,302           1,096,653         18,931,157
General and administrative, including stock based compensation of $161,851,
  $52,487,
  and $6,311,670, respectively                                                             1,752,774           1,996,645         16,784,049
Related party license fee                                                                          -                   -          1,000,000
Total operating expenses                                                                   2,348,076           3,093,298         36,715,206

Operating loss                                                                             (2,143,750 )       (2,423,955 )       (30,398,816 )

Other income and (expense):
Other income                                                                                       -               1,122             256,295
Financing related charge                                                                           -                   -            (211,660 )
Amortization of debt discount                                                                      -              (9,851 )          (686,833 )
Interest expense                                                                                   -                   -             (56,097 )
Related party interest expense                                                              (104,402 )                 -            (169,368 )
Loss on extinguishment of debt                                                                     -                   -          (2,818,370 )
Gain on settlement of accrued rent                                                             7,920                   -               7,920
Gain from change in fair value of warrant liability                                          855,251           1,509,778           2,932,490
Loss on the retirement of warrants                                                                 -                   -            (146,718 )
Total other income and (expense)                                                             758,769           1,501,049            (892,341 )

Loss before provision for income taxes                                                     (1,384,981 )         (922,906 )       (31,291,157 )

Provision for income taxes                                                                           -                  -             83,147

Net loss                                                                              $    (1,384,981 )   $     (922,906 )   $   (31,374,304 )
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest                                               (9,969 )                 -             (9,969 )
Net loss attributable to controlling interest                                         $    (1,375,012 )   $             -    $   (31,364,335 )


Basic and diluted loss per common share attributable to controlling interest          $         (0.05 )   $        (0.03 )
Weighted average common shares outstanding, basic and diluted                             30,101,167          28,379,920


                                           See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements


                                                                      F- 4
                                     BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
                                          (A DEVELOPMENT-STAGE COMPANY)
                                 CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

                                                                                                            Deficit
                                                                                                         Accumulated
                                                                                       Additional          During
                                                       Common Stock                     Paid-in          Development           Stockholders’
                                                    Shares       Amount                 Capital             Stage                 Deficit
Balance at March 28, 2006 (inception)                        - $         -         $                -   $            -     $                 -
Issuance of founder’s share at $.001 per share      17,000,000      17,000                                                              17,000
Common shares retained by Sucre Agricultural
Corp., Shareholders                                  4,028,264            4,028            685,972                    -               690,000
Costs associated with the acquisition of Sucre
Agricultural Corp.                                                                          (3,550 )                                    (3,550 )
Common shares issued for services in
November 2006 at $2.99 per share                        37,500               38            111,962                    -               112,000
Common shares issued for services in
November 2006 at $3.35 per share                        20,000               20             66,981                    -                 67,001
Common shares issued for services in
December 2006 at $3.65 per share                        20,000               20             72,980                    -                 73,000
Common shares issued for services in
December 2006 at $3.65 per share                        20,000               20             72,980                    -                 73,000
Estimated value of common shares at $3.99 per
share and warrants at $2.90 issuable for
services upon vesting in February 2007                       -                -            160,000                   -                 160,000
Share-based compensation related to options                  -                -            114,811                   -                 114,811
Share-based compensation related to warrants                 -                -            100,254                   -                 100,254
Net Loss                                                     -                -                  -          (1,555,497 )            (1,555,497 )
Balances at December 31, 2006                       21,125,764    $      21,126    $     1,382,390      $   (1,555,497 )   $          (151,981 )


                                        See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements


                                                                  F- 5
                                      BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
                                           (A DEVELOPMENT-STAGE COMPANY)
                                  CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

                                                                                              Deficit
                                                                                           Accumulated
                                                                           Additional        During
                                                     Common Stock           Paid-in        Development          Stockholders’
                                                   Shares      Amount       Capital           Stage                Deficit
Balances at December 31, 2006                      21,125,764 $ 21,126   $   1,382,390   $     (1,555,497 )   $       (151,981 )
Common shares issued for cash in January
2007, at $2.00 per share to unrelated
individuals, including costs associated with
private placement of 6,250 shares and $12,500
cash paid                                            284,750       285         755,875                   -             756,160
Amortization of share based compensation
related to employment agreement in January
2007 $3.99 per share                                  10,000        10          39,890                   -              39,900
Common shares issued for services in February
2007 at $5.92 per share                               37,500        38         138,837                   -             138,875
Adjustment to record remaining value of
warrants at $4.70 per share issued for services
in February 2007                                            -        -         158,118                   -             158,118
Common shares issued for services in March
2007 at $7.18 per share                               37,500        37         269,213                   -             269,250
Fair value of warrants at $6.11 for services
vested in March 2007                                        -        -         305,307                   -             305,307
Fair value of warrants at $5.40 for services
vested in June 2007                                         -        -         269,839                   -             269,839
Common shares issued for services in June
2007 at $6.25 per share                               37,500        37         234,338                   -             234,375
Share based compensation related to
employment agreement in February 2007
$5.50 per share                                       50,000        50         274,951                   -             275,001
Common Shares issued for services in August
2007 at $5.07 per share                               13,000        13          65,901                   -              65,914
Share based compensation related to options                -         -       4,692,863                   -           4,692,863
Value of warrants issued in August, 2007 for
debt replacement services valued at $4.18 per
share                                                       -        -         107,459                   -             107,459
Relative fair value of warrants associated with
July 2007 convertible note agreement                        -        -         332,255                   -             332,255
Exercise of stock options in July 2007 at $2.00
per share                                             20,000        20          39,980                   -              40,000
Relative fair value of warrants and beneficial
conversion feature in connection with the
$2,000,000 convertible note payable in August
2007                                                        -        -       2,000,000                   -           2,000,000
Stock issued in lieu of interest payments on the
senior secured convertible note at $4.48 and
$2.96 per share in October and December 2007          15,143        15          55,569                   -              55,584
Conversion of $2,000,000 note payable in
August 2007 at $2.90 per share                       689,655       689       1,999,311                   -           2,000,000
Common shares issued for cash at $2.70 per
share, December 2007, net of legal costs of
$90,000 and placement agent cost of
$1,050,000                                          5,740,741    5,741      14,354,259                   -          14,360,000
Loss on Extinguishment of debt in December
2007                                                        -        -         955,637                   -             955,637
Net loss                                             -             -                  -           (14,276,418 )       (14,276,418 )
Balances at December 31, 2007               28,061,553    $   28,061    $    28,431,992       $   (15,831,915 )   $    12,628,138


                                See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements


                                                          F- 6
                                     BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
                                          (A DEVELOPMENT-STAGE COMPANY)
                                 CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

                                                                                          Deficit
                                                                                       Accumulated
                                                                  Additional             During
                                    Common Stock                   Paid-in             Development               Treasury           Stockholders’
                                  Shares      Amount               Capital                Stage                   Stock                Deficit
Balances at December 31,                                                                                 )
2007                              28,061,553     $   28,061   $     28,431,992     $     (15,831,915         $              -   $       12,628,138
Share based compensation
relating to options                         -             -          3,769,276                       -                      -             3,769,276
Common shares issued for
services in July 2008 at $4.10
per share                            30,000             30               122,970                     -                      -              123,000
Common shares issued for
services in July, September,
and December 2008 at $3.75,
$2.75, and $0.57 per share,
respectively                         41,500             41                63,814                     -                      -                63,855
Purchase of treasury shares
between April to September
2008 at an average of $3.12          (32,172 )            -                    -                   -               (101,581 )              (101,581 )
Net loss                                   -              -                    -         (14,370,594 )                    -             (14,370,594 )
Balances at December 31,                                                                             )                      )
2008                              28,100,881     $   28,132   $     32,388,052     $     (30,202,509         $     (101,581     $         2,112,094


                                      See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements


                                                                  F- 7
                                    BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
                                         (A DEVELOPMENT-STAGE COMPANY)
                                CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

                                                                                          Deficit
                                                                                       Accumulated
                                                                 Additional              During
                                  Common Stock                    Paid-in              Development               Treasury               Stockholders’
                                Shares      Amount                Capital                 Stage                   Stock                    Deficit
Balances at December 31,                                                                                 )                      )
2008                             28,100,881   $    28,132    $     32,388,052      $     (30,202,509         $     (101,581         $         2,112,094
Cumulative effect of
warrants reclassified                     -              -         (18,586,588 )          18,586,588                        -                           -
Reclassification of long term
warrant liability                         -              -                    -           (2,915,136 )                      -                (2,915,136 )
Common shares issued for
services in June 2009 at
$1.50 per share                     11,412             11               17,107                       -                      -                    17,118
Common shares issued for
services in July 2009 at
$0.88 per share                     30,000             30               26,370                       -                      -                    26,400
Common shares issued for
services in August 2009 at
$0.80 per share                    100,000            100               79,900                       -                      -                    80,000
Option to purchase Common
shares for services in August
2009 at an option price of
$3.00 for 100,000 shares                  -              -               8,273                       -                      -                     8,273
Common shares issued for
services in September and
October 2009 at $0.89 and
$0.95 per share, respectively       22,500             23               20,678                       -                      -                    20,701
Common shares to be issued
for services in August 2009
at $0.80 per share                        -              -              80,000                     -                        -                    80,000
Net income                                -              -                   -             1,136,092                        -                 1,136,092
Balances at December 31,                                                                                 )                      )
2009                             28,264,793   $    28,296    $     14,033,792      $     (13,394,965         $     (101,581         $          565,542


                                      See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements


                                                                 F- 8
                                     BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
                                          (A DEVELOPMENT-STAGE COMPANY)
                                 CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

                                                                                            Deficit
                                                                                         Accumulated
                                                                    Additional             During
                                   Common Stock                      Paid-in             Development           Treasury           Stockholders’
                                 Shares      Amount                  Capital                Stage               Stock                Deficit
Balances at December 31,
2009                              28,264,793     $   28,296     $     14,033,792     $     (13,394,965 )   $     (101,581 )   $          565,542
Common shares issued for
services in March 2010 at
$0.36 per share                      37,500             38                 13,462                      -                  -                13,500
Common shares issued for
services in May 2010 at
$0.30 per share                      43,000             43                 12,957                      -                  -                13,000
Common shares released in
May 2010 issued at $0.80 per
share, additional paid-in
capital included in 2009
balance                             100,000            100                  (100 )                     -                  -                       -
Common shares issued for
services in May 2010 at
$0.18 per share                      37,500             38                  6,712                      -                  -                 6,750
Common shares issued for
services in July 2010 at
$0.24 per share                      30,000             30                  7,170                      -                  -                 7,200
Common shares cancelled in
October 2010 at $0.30 per
share                                (43,000 )          (43 )            (12,957 )                     -                  -               (13,000 )
Common shares issued for
services in October 2010 at
$0.46 per share                      37,000             37                 16,983                      -                  -                17,020
Common shares issued for
services in November 2010
at $0.50 per share                     6,435              6                 3,211                      -                  -                 3,217
Common shares issued for
services in December 2010 at
$.048 per share                      10,000             10                  4,790                      -                  -                 4,800
Discount on related party
note payable                                -             -                83,736                    -                    -                83,736
Net loss                                    -             -                     -             (922,906 )                  -              (922,906 )
Balances at December 31,
2010                         $    28,523,228     $   28,555     $     14,169,756     $     (14,317,871 )   $     (101,581 )   $          (221,141 )


                                      See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements


                                                                    F- 9
                                      BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
                                           (A DEVELOPMENT-STAGE COMPANY)
                                  CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

                                                                                 Deficit
                                                                              Accumulated
                                                           Additional           During
                                     Common Stock           Paid-in           Development         Treasury        Stockholders’
                                    Shares      Amount      Capital               Stage            Stock             Deficit
Balances at December 31, 2010       28,523,228 $ 28,555   $ 14,169,756      $    (14,317,871 )   $ (101,581 )   $       (221,141 )
Common shares issued for cash
at $0.35 per share in January
2011, net of discount from
warrant liability of $125,562         428,571       429          24,009                     -              -              24,438
Committed shares issued to
LPC                                   600,000       600            (600 )                   -              -                    -
Common shares issued for
reduction of accounts payable
in March 2011 ranging from
$0.47 to $0.50 per share               60,000        60          29,040                     -              -              29,100
Common shares issued for
services in March 2011 at
$0.42 per share                        30,000        30          12,570                     -              -              12,600
Common shares issued for
services in April 2011 at $0.43
per share                              26,042        26          11,224                                                   11,250
Common shares issued for cash
in May 2011, ranging from
$0.22 to $0.29 per share              284,045       284          69,716                                                   70,000
Common shares issued for
services in July 2011, ranging
from $0.17 to $0.20 per share         155,034       155          28,977                     -              -              29,132
Common shares issued for
services in August 2011, at
$0.16 per share                        75,000        75          11,925                     -              -              12,000
Common shares issued for cash
in August 2011, ranging from
$0.16 to $0.18 per share              175,438       175          29,825                     -              -              30,000
Common shares issued for
services in September 2011, at
$0.18 per share                        10,000        10           1,790                     -              -               1,800
Common shares issued for
services in October 2011, at
$0.15 per share                       173,077       173          25,979                     -              -              26,152
Common shares issued for
services in November 2011,
ranging from $0.21 to $0.23
per share                             253,638       253          57,006                     -              -              57,259
Common shares issued for cash
in November 2011, ranging
from $0.15 to $0.16 per share         659,894       660          99,340                     -              -             100,000
Common shares issued for
services in December 2011, at
$0.14 per share                        85,721        86          11,572                                                   11,658
Common shares issued for
settlement of accrued rent in
December, 2011 at $0.14 per
share                                 527,980       528          73,390                     -              -              73,918
Accretion of redeemable                     -         -        (112,500 )                                               (112,500 )
noncontrolling interest
Net loss attributable to
controlling interest                     -          -                    -         (1,375,012 )              -         (1,375,012 )
Balances at December 31, 2011   32,067,668   $ 32,099     $     14,543,019   $    (15,692,883 )   $   (101,581 )   $   (1,219,346 )



                                  See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements


                                                              F- 10
                                        BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
                                             (A DEVELOPMENT-STAGE COMPANY)
                                         CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

                                                                                                                              From
                                                                                                                            March 28,
                                                                                      For the             For the             2006
                                                                                    year ended          year ended        (Inception) to
                                                                                   December 31,        December 31,       December 31,
                                                                                       2011                2010               2011
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net loss                                                                           $    (1,384,981 )   $    (922,906 )    $   (31,374,304 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
 Gain from change in fair value of warrant liability                                     (855,251 )        (1,509,778 )       (2,932,490 )
 Founders shares                                                                                -                   -             17,000
 Costs associated with purchase of Sucre Agricultural Corp                                      -                   -             (3,550 )
 Interest expense on beneficial conversion feature of convertible notes                         -                   -            676,983
 Loss on extinguishment of convertible debt                                                     -                   -          2,718,370
 Loss on retirement of warrants                                                                 -                   -            146,718
 Common stock issued for interest on convertible notes                                          -                   -             55,585
 Discount on sale of stock associated with private placement                                    -                   -            211,660
 Accretion of discount on note payable to related party                                    73,885               9,851             83,736
 Loss from change in accounting estimate on Department of Energy billings                 354,000                   -            354,000
 Debt issuance costs for rejected loan guarantees                                         309,834             273,800            583,634
 Gain on settlement of accrued rent                                                        (7,920 )                 -             (7,920 )
 Share-based compensation                                                                 161,851              52,487         11,552,467
 Depreciation                                                                              18,951              25,522             88,607
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 Department of Energy unbilled grant receivable                                          (117,004 )          (28,267 )           (145,271 )
 Department of Energy grant receivable                                                          -            207,380                    -
 Prepaid expenses and other current assets                                                 23,348             11,532              (15,912 )
 Accounts payable                                                                         377,751              8,146              721,442
 Accrued liabilities                                                                      336,266           (135,374 )            446,288

Net cash used in operating activities                                                    (709,270 )        (2,007,607 )       (16,822,957 )

Cash flows from investing activities:
Acquisition of property and equipment                                                           -             (5,508 )           (217,636 )
Construction in progress                                                                 (123,155 )         (889,739 )         (1,012,894 )
Net cash used in investing activities                                                    (123,155 )         (895,247 )         (1,230,530 )

                                        See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements


                                                                  F- 11
                                          BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
                                               (A DEVELOPMENT-STAGE COMPANY)
                                           CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
                                                          (continued)
                                                                                                                                     From
                                                                                                                                   March 28,
                                                                                           For the                For the            2006
                                                                                         year ended             year ended       (Inception) to
                                                                                         December
                                                                                             31,            December 31,         December 31,
                                                                                            2011                2010                 2011
Cash flows from financing activities:
Cash paid for treasury stock                                                                        -                      -           (101,581 )
Cash received in acquisition of Sucre Agricultural Corp.                                            -                      -            690,000
Proceeds from sale of stock through private placement                                               -                      -            544,500
Proceeds from exercise of stock options                                                             -                      -             40,000
Proceeds from issuance of common stock                                                        350,000                      -         14,710,000
Proceeds from convertible notes payable                                                             -                      -          2,500,000
Repayment of notes payable                                                                          -                      -           (500,000 )
Proceeds from related party line of credit/notes payable                                       19,230                200,000            335,230
Repayment from related party line of credit/notes payable                                           -                      -           (116,000 )
Debt issuance costs                                                                          (114,136 )             (299,498 )         (563,634 )
Retirement of warrants                                                                              -                      -           (220,000 )
Proceeds from sale of LLC Unit                                                                      -                750,000            750,000
Net cash provided by financing activities                                                     255,094                650,502         18,068,515

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents                                         (577,331 )           (2,252,352 )           15,028

Cash and cash equivalents beginning of period                                                 592,359              2,844,711                   -

Cash and cash equivalents end of period                                                 $      15,028       $       592,359      $       15,028


Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information
Cash paid during the period for:
Interest                                                                                $               -   $            209     $       57,102
Income taxes                                                                            $         825       $         54,153     $       18,921


Supplemental schedule of non-cash investing and financing activities:
Conversion of senior secured convertible notes payable                                  $               -   $                -   $    2,000,000
Interest converted to common stock                                                      $               -   $                -   $       55,569
Fair value of warrants issued to placement agents                                       $               -   $                -   $      725,591
Discount on related party note payable                                                  $               -   $         83,736     $       83,736
Accounts payable, net of reimbursement, included in construction-in-progress            $      24,494       $         21,348     $       45,842
Accretion of redeemable non-controlling interest                                        $     112,500       $                -   $      112,500


                                          See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements


                                                                    F- 12
                                        BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
                                             (A DEVELOPMENT-STAGE COMPANY)
                                       NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 1 - ORGANIZATION AND BUSINESS

BlueFire Ethanol, Inc. (“BlueFire”) was incorporated in the state of Nevada on March 28, 2006 (“Inception”). BlueFire was established to
deploy the commercially ready and patented process for the conversion of cellulosic waste materials to ethanol (“Arkenol Technology”) under
a technology license agreement with Arkenol, Inc. (“Arkenol”). BlueFire’s use of the Arkenol Technology positions it as a cellulose-to-ethanol
company with demonstrated production of ethanol from urban trash (post-sorted “MSW”), rice and wheat straws, wood waste and other
agricultural residues. The Company’s goal is to develop and operate high-value carbohydrate-based transportation fuel production facilities in
North America, and to provide professional services to such facilities worldwide. These “biorefineries” will convert widely available,
inexpensive, organic materials such as agricultural residues, high-content biomass crops, wood residues, and cellulose from MSW into ethanol.

On July 15, 2010, the board of directors of BlueFire, by unanimous written consent, approved the filing of a Certificate of Amendment to the
Company’s Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of Nevada, changing the Company’s name from BlueFire Ethanol Fuels, Inc.
to BlueFire Renewables, Inc. On July 20, 2010, the Certificate of Amendment was accepted by the Secretary of State of Nevada.

NOTE 2 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Management’s Plans

The Company is a development-stage company which has incurred losses since inception. Management has funded operations primarily
through proceeds received in connection with the reverse merger, loans from its majority shareholder, the private placement of the Company's
common stock in December 2007 for net proceeds of approximately $14,500,000, the issuance of convertible notes with warrants in July and in
August 2007, and Department of Energy reimbursements throughout 2009, 2010, and 2011. The Company may encounter difficulties in
establishing operations due to the time frame of developing, constructing and ultimately operating the planned bio-refinery projects.

As of December 31, 2011, the Company has negative working capital of approximately $1,520,000. Management has estimated that operating
expenses for the next 12 months will be approximately $1,700,000, excluding engineering costs related to the development of bio-refinery
projects. These matters raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Throughout the remainder of 2012,
the Company intends to fund its operations with reimbursements under the Department of Energy contract, draw downs on the equity
commitment the Company received from Lincoln Park Capital in January 2011, as well as seek additional funding in the form of equity or debt.
On March 28, 2012, the Company finalized a committed equity facility agreement and a $300,000 convertible promissory note with TCA
Global Credit Master Fund, LP (See Note 12). As of April 16, 2012, the Company expects the current resources available to them will only be
sufficient for a period of approximately two months unless significant additional financing is received. Management has determined that the
general expenditures must be reduced and additional capital will be required in the form of equity or debt securities. In addition, if we cannot
raise additional short term capital we may consume all of our cash reserved for operations. There are no assurances that management will be
able to raise capital on terms acceptable to the Company. If we are unable to obtain sufficient amounts of additional capital, we may be
required to reduce the scope of our planned development, which could harm our business, financial condition and operating results. The
financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from these uncertainties.

Additionally, the Company’s Lancaster plant is currently shovel ready and only requires minimal capital to maintain until funding is obtained
for the construction. The preparation for the construction of this plant was the primary capital use in 2009. In October 2010, BlueFire filed the
necessary paperwork to extend this project’s permits for an additional year while we await potential financing. In 2012, as in 2011, the
Company sees this project on hold until we receive the funding to construct the facility.


                                                                     F- 13
As of December 31, 2010, the Company completed the detailed engineering on our proposed Fulton Project, procured all necessary permits for
construction of the plant, and began site clearing and preparation work, signaling the beginning of construction.

We estimate the total construction cost of the bio-refineries to be in the range of approximately $300 million for the Fulton Project and
approximately $100 million to $125 million for the Lancaster Biorefinery. These cost approximations do not reflect any decrease in raw
materials or any savings in construction cost that might be realized by the weak world economic environment. The Company is currently in
discussions with potential sources of financing for these facilities but no definitive agreements are in place.

Principles of Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of BlueFire Renewables, Inc., and its wholly-owned subsidiary, BlueFire Ethanol,
Inc., BlueFire Ethanol Lancaster, LLC, BlueFire Fulton Renewable Energy LLC (excluding 1% interest sold), and SucreSource LLC are
wholly-owned subsidiaries of BlueFire Ethanol, Inc. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires
management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and
liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reported periods. Actual results
could materially differ from those estimates.

Debt Issuance Costs

Debt issuance costs are capitalized and amortized over the term of the debt using the effective interest method, or expensed upon conversion or
extinguishment when applicable. Costs are capitalized for amounts incurred in connection with proposed financings. In the event the financing
related to the capitalized cost is not successful, the costs are immediately expensed (see Note 5).

Cash and Cash Equivalents

For purpose of the statement of cash flows, the Company considers all highly liquid debt instruments purchased with an original maturity of
three months or less to be cash equivalents.

Accounts Receivable

Accounts receivable are reported net of allowance for expected losses. It represents the amount management expects to collect from
outstanding balances. Differences between the amount due and the amount management expects to collect are charged to operations in the year
in which those differences are determined, with an offsetting entry to a valuation allowance. As of December 31, 2011 and 2010, there have
been no such charges.

Intangible Assets

License fees acquired are either expensed or recognized as intangible assets. The Company recognizes intangible assets when the following
criteria are met: 1) the asset is identifiable, 2) the Company has control over the asset, 3) the cost of the asset can be measured reliably, and 4) it
is probable that economic benefits will flow to the Company. During the year ended December 31, 2009, the Company paid a license fee (see
Note 10) to Arkenol, Inc., a related party. The license fee was expensed because the Company is still in the research and development stage and
cannot readily determine the probability of future economic benefits for said license.


                                                                       F- 14
Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are stated at cost. The Company’s fixed assets are depreciated using the straight-line method over a period ranging
from three to five years, except land which is not depreciated. Maintenance and repairs are charged to operations as incurred. Significant
renewals and betterments are capitalized. At the time of retirement or other disposition of property and equipment, the cost and accumulated
depreciation are removed from the accounts and any resulting gain or loss is reflected in operations. During the year ended December 31, 2010,
the Company began to capitalize costs in connection with the construction of its Fulton plant, and continued to do so in 2011. A portion of
these costs were reimbursed under the Department of Energy grant discussed in Note 3. The reimbursable portion is treated as a reduction of
those costs.

Revenue Recognition

The Company is currently a development-stage company. The Company will recognize revenues from 1) consulting services rendered to
potential sub licensees for development and construction of cellulose to ethanol projects, 2) sales of ethanol from its production facilities when
(a) persuasive evidence that an agreement exists; (b) the products have been delivered; (c) the prices are fixed and determinable and not subject
to refund or adjustment; and (d) collection of the amounts due is reasonably assured.

As discussed in Note 3, the Company received a federal grant from the United States Department of Energy, (“DOE”). The grant generally
provides for payment in connection with related development and construction costs involving commercialization of our technologies. Grant
award reimbursements are recorded as either as contra assets or as revenues depending upon whether the reimbursement is for capitalized costs
or expenses paid by the Company. Contra capitalized cost and revenues from the grant are recognized in the period during which the conditions
under the grant have been met and the Company has made payment for the asset or expense. The Company recognizes DOE unbilled grant
receivables for those costs that have been incurred during a period but not yet paid at period end, are otherwise reimbursable under the terms of
the grant, and are expected to be paid in the normal course of business. Realiza tion of unbilled receivables is dependent on the Company’s
ability to meet their obligation for reimbursable costs.

Project Development

Project development costs are either expensed or capitalized. The costs of materials and equipment that will be acquired or constructed for
project development activities, and that have alternative future uses, both in project development, marketing or sales, will be classified as
property and equipment and depreciated over their estimated useful lives. To date, project development costs include the research and
development expenses related to the Company's future cellulose-to-ethanol production facilities. During the years ended December 31, 2011
and 2010 and for the period from March 28, 2006 (Inception) to December 31, 2011, research and development costs included in Project
Development were $595,302, $1,096,653, and $14,462,667, respectively.

Convertible Debt

Convertible debt is accounted for under the guidelines established by Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 470 “Debt with Conversion
and Other Options” and ASC 740 “Beneficial Conversion Features”. The Company records a beneficial conversion feature (“BCF”) related to
the issuance of convertible debt that have conversion features at fixed or adjustable rates that are in-the-money when issued and records the fair
value of warrants issued with those instruments. The BCF for the convertible instruments is recognized and measured by allocating a portion of
the proceeds to warrants and as a reduction to the carrying amount of the convertible instrument equal to the intrinsic value of the conversion
features, both of which are credited to paid-in-capital.

The Company calculates the fair value of warrants issued with the convertible instruments using the Black-Scholes valuation method, using the
same assumptions used for valuing employee options for purposes of ASC 718 “Compensation – Stock Compensation”, except that the
contractual life of the warrant is used. Under these guidelines, the Company allocates the value of the proceeds received from a convertible
debt transaction between the conversion feature and any other detachable instruments (such as warrants) on a relative fair value basis. The
allocated fair value is recorded as a debt discount or premium and is amortized over the expected term of the convertible debt to interest
expense. For a conversion price change of a convertible debt issue, the additional intrinsic value of the debt conversion feature, calculated as
the number of additional shares issuable due to a conversion price change multiplied by the previous conversion price, is recorded as additional
debt discount and amortized over the remaining life of the debt.


                                                                     F- 15
The Company accounts for modifications of its BCF’s in accordance with ASC 470 “Modifications and Exchanges”. ASC 470 requires the
modification of a convertible debt instrument that changes the fair value of an embedded conversion feature and the subsequent recognition of
interest expense or the associated debt instrument when the modification does not result in a debt extinguishment.

Equity Instruments Issued with Registration Rights Agreement

The Company accounts for these penalties as contingent liabilities, applying the accounting guidance of ASC 450 “Contingencies”. This
accounting is consistent with views established in ASC 825 “Financial Instruments”. Accordingly, the Company recognizes damages when it
becomes probable that they will be incurred and amounts are reasonably estimable.

In connection with the issuance of common stock for gross proceeds of $15,500,000 in December 2007 and the $2,000,000 convertible note
financing in August 2007, the Company was required to file a registration statement on Form SB-2 or Form S-3 with the Securities and
Exchange Commission in order to register the resale of the common stock under the Securities Act. The Company filed that registration
statement on December 18, 2007 and as required under the registration rights agreement had the registration statement declared effective by the
Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on March 27, 2009 and in so doing incurred no liquidated damages. As of December 31, 2011
and 2010, the Company does not believe that any liquidated damages are probable and thus no amounts have been accrued in the
accompanying financial statements.

Income Taxes

The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with ASC 740 ”Income Taxes” requires the Company to provide a net deferred tax
asset/liability equal to the expected future tax benefit/expense of temporary reporting differences between book and tax accounting methods
and any available operating loss or tax credit carry forwards.

This Interpretation sets forth a recognition threshold and valuation method to recognize and measure an income tax position taken, or expected
to be taken, in a tax return. The evaluation is based on a two-step approach. The first step requires an entity to evaluate whether the tax position
would “more likely than not,” based upon its technical merits, be sustained upon examination by the appropriate taxing authority. The second
step requires the tax position to be measured at the largest amount of tax benefit that is greater than 50 percent likely of being realized upon
ultimate settlement. In addition, previously recognized benefits from tax positions that no longer meet the new criteria would no longer be
recognized. This Interpretation was effective for the Company on January 1, 2007 and did not have a material impact on our financial
position,results of operations or cash flows.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

On January 1, 2009, the Company adopted ASC 820 “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures”. The Company did not record an adjustment
to its accumulated deficit as a result of the adoption of the guidance for fair value measurements, and the adoption did not have a material effect
on the Company’s results of operations.

Fair value is defined as the exit price, or the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly
transaction between market participants as of the measurement date. The guidance also establishes a hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair
value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be
used when available. Observable inputs are inputs market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability and are developed based on
market data obtained from sources independent of the Company. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect the Company’s assumptions about
the factors market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability. The guidance establishes three levels of inputs that may be used to
measure fair value:

Level 1. Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets;


                                                                      F- 16
Level 2. Inputs, other than the quoted prices in active markets, that are observable either directly or indirectly; and
Level 3. Unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions.

The Company did not have any level 1finanical instruments at December 31, 2011 and 2010.

As of December 31, 2011 and 2010, the warrant liability is considered a level 2 item, see Note 6.

As of December 31, 2011 and 2010, the Company’s redeemable noncontrolling interest is considered a level 3 item and changed during 2010
and 2011 due to the following:

Balance as of January 1, 2010                                                                                                     $             -
  Redeemable noncontrolling interest                                                                                                      750,000
Balance as of December 31, 2010                                                                                                           750,000
  Accretion of noncontrolling interest                                                                                                    112,500
  Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest                                                                                         (9,969 )
Balance at December 31, 2011                                                                                                      $       852,531

See Note 8 for details of valuation and changes during the years 2010 and 2011.

Risks and Uncertainties

The Company's operations are subject to new innovations in product design and function. Significant technical changes can have an adverse
effect on product lives. Design and development of new products are important elements to achieve and maintain profitability in the Company's
industry segment. The Company may be subject to federal, state and local environmental laws and regulations. The Company does not
anticipate expenditures to comply with such laws and does not believe that regulations will have a material impact on the Company's financial
position, results of operations, or liquidity. The Company believes that its operations comply, in all material respects, with applicable federal,
state, and local environmental laws and regulations.

Concentrations of Credit Risk

The Company maintains its cash accounts in a commercial bank and in an institutional money-market fund account. The total cash balances
held in a commercial bank are secured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) up to $250,000, although on January 1, 2014
this amount is scheduled to return to $100,000 per depositor, per insured bank. At times, the Company has cash deposits in excess of federally
insured limits. In addition, the Institutional Funds Account is insured through the Securities Investor Protection Corporation (“SIPC”) up to
$500,000 per customer, including up to $100,000 for cash. At times, the Company has cash deposits in excess of federally and institutional
insured limits.

As of December 31, 2011 and 2010, the Department of Energy made up 100% of billed and unbilled Grant Revenues and Department of
Energy grant receivables. Management believes the loss of these organizations would have a material impact on the Company’s financial
position, results of operations, and cash flows.

As of December 31, 2011 and 2010 three and one venders made up 63% and 39% of accounts payable, respectively.

Loss per Common Share

The Company presents basic loss per share (“EPS”) and diluted EPS on the face of the consolidated statement of operations. Basic loss per
share is computed as net loss divided by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted EPS reflects the
potential dilution that could occur from common shares issuable through stock options, warrants, and other convertible securities. For the year
ended December 31, 2011, the Company had 1,229,659 options and 7,115,275 warrants outstanding, for which all of the exercise prices were in
excess of the average closing price of the Company’s common stock during the corresponding year and thus no shares are considered as
dilutive under the treasury-stock method of accounting and their effects would have been antidilutive due to the loss. For the year ended
December 31, 2010, the Company had 3,287,159 options and 6,886,694 warrants, to purchase shares of common stock that were excluded from
the calculation of diluted loss per share as their effects would have been anti-dilutive due to the loss, and because all of the exercise prices were
in excess of the average closing price of the Company’s common stock during the corresponding year.

Share-Based Payments
The Company accounts for stock options issued to employees and consultants under ASC 718 “Share-Based Payment”. Under ASC 718,
share-based compensation cost to employees is measured at the grant date, based on the estimated fair value of the award, and is recognized as
expense over the employee's requisite vesting period.


                                                                    F- 17
The Company measures compensation expense for its non-employee stock-based compensation under ASC 505 “Equity”. The fair value of the
option issued or committed to be issued is used to measure the transaction, as this is more reliable than the fair value of the services received.
The fair value is measured at the value of the Company's common stock on the date that the commitment for performance by the counterparty
has been reached or the counterparty's performance is complete. The fair value of the equity instrument is charged directly to stock-based
compensation expense and credited to additional paid-in capital.

Redeemable - Noncontrolling Interest

Redeemable interest held by third parties in subsidiaries owned or controlled by the Company. As these redeemable noncontrolling interests
provide for redemption features not solely within the control of the issuer, we classify such interests outside of permanent equity in accordance
with ASC 480-10, “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity”. All redeemable noncontrolling interest reported in the consolidated statements of
operations reflects the respective interests in the income or loss after income taxes of the subsidiaries attributable to the other parties, the effect
of which is removed from the net loss available to the Company. The Company accretes the redemption value of the redeemable noncontrolling
interest over the redemption period using the straight-line method.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

The Company regularly evaluates whether events and circumstances have occurred that indicate the carrying amount of property and
equipment may not be recoverable. When factors indicate that these long-lived assets should be evaluated for possible impairment, the
Company assesses the potential impairment by determining whether the carrying value of such long-lived assets will be recovered through the
future undiscounted cash flows expected from use of the asset and its eventual disposition. If the carrying amount of the asset is determined not
to be recoverable, a write-down to fair value is recorded. Fair values are determined based on quoted market values, discounted cash flows, or
external appraisals, as applicable. The Company regularly evaluates whether events and circumstances have occurred that indicate the useful
lives of property and equipment may warrant revision. In our opinion, the carrying values of our long-lived assets, including property and
equipment, were not impaired at December 31, 2011.

New Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued amended standards to achieve common fair value measurements and
disclosures between GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards. The standards include amendments that clarify the intent behind
the application of existing fair value measurements and disclosures and other amendments which change principles or requirements for fair
value measurements or disclosures. The amended standards are to be applied prospectively for interim and annual periods beginning after
December 15, 2011. Management does not believe the adoption of these changes will not have an impact on the consolidated financial
statements.

In June 2011, the FASB issued amended standards that eliminated the option to report other comprehensive income in the statement of
stockholders’ equity and require companies to present the components of net income and other comprehensive income as either one continuous
statement of comprehensive income or two separate but consecutive statements. The amended standards do not affect the reported amounts of
comprehensive income. In December 2011, the FASB deferred the requirement to present components of reclassifications of other
comprehensive income on the face of the income statement that had previously been included in the June 2011 amended standard. These
amended standards are to be applied retrospectively for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. Management does not
believe the adoption of these changes will not have an impact on the consolidated financial statements

In September 2011, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2011-08, Intangibles — “Goodwill and Other” (Topic 350).
This Accounting Standards Update amends FASB ASC Topic 350. This amendment specifies the change in method for determining the
potential impairment of goodwill. It includes examples of circumstances and events that the entity should consider in evaluating whether it is
more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. The amendments are effective for annual and interim
goodwill impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011. Management does not believe the adoption of these
changes will not have an impact on the consolidated financial statements.


                                                                       F- 18
In December 2011, the FASB issued changes to the disclosure of offsetting assets and liabilities. These changes require an entity to disclose
both gross information and net information about both instruments and transactions eligible for offset in the statement of financial position and
instruments and transactions subject to an agreement similar to a master netting arrangement. The enhanced disclosures will enable users of an
entity’s financial statements to understand and evaluate the effect or potential effect of master netting arrangements on an entity’s financial
position, including the effect or potential effect of rights of setoff associated with certain financial instruments and derivative instruments.
These changes become effective for the Company on January 1, 2013. Management does not believe the adoption of these changes will not
have an impact on the consolidated financial statements.

Management does not believe that any other recently issued, but not yet effective accounting pronouncements, if adopted, would have a
material effect on the accompanying financial statements.

NOTE 3 – DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT

Department of Energy Awards 1 and 2

In February 2007, the Company was awarded a grant for up to $40 million from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (“DOE”) cellulosic ethanol
grant program to develop a solid waste biorefinery project at a landfill in Southern California. During October 2007, the Company finalized
Award 1 for a total approved budget of just under $10,000,000 with the DOE. This award is a 60%/40% cost share, whereby 40% of approved
costs may be reimbursed by the DOE pursuant to the total $40 million award announced in February 2007. In October 2009, the Company
received from the DOE a one-time reimbursement of approximately $3,841,000. This was primarily related to the Company amending its
award to include costs previously incurred in connection with the development of the Lancaster site which have a direct attributable benefit to
the Fulton Project.

In December 2009, as a result of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, the DOE increased the Award 2 to a total of $81 million for
Phase II of its Fulton Project. This is in addition to a renegotiated Phase I funding for development of the biorefinery of approximately $7
million out of the previously announced $10 million total. This brings the DOE’s total award to the Fulton project to approximately $88
million. The Company is currently drawing down on funds for Phase II of its Fulton Project.

As of April 16, 2012, the Company has received reimbursements of approximately $9,243,984 under these awards.

In 2011 and 2010, our operations had been financed to a large degree through funding provided by the DOE. We rely on access to this funding
as a source of liquidity for capital requirements not satisfied by the cash flow from our operations. If we are unable to access government
funding our ability to finance our projects and/or operations and implement our strategy and business plan will be severely hampered. Awards 1
and 2 consist of a total reimbursable amount of approximately $87,560,000, and through April 16, 2012, we have an unreimbursed amount of
approximately $78,316,000 available to us under the awards. We cannot guarantee that we will continue to receive grants, loan guarantees, or
other funding for our projects from the DOE.

In June 2011, it was determined that the Company had received an overpayment of approximately $354,000 from the cumulative
reimbursements of the DOE grants under Award 1 for the period from inception of the award through December 31, 2010. The overpayment is
a result of estimates made on the indirect rate during the reimbursement process over the course of the award. The DOE and the Company
reached a tentative agreement during that time, that in combination, as a result of the unused grant award money left in Award 1 of
approximately $366,000, the Company would not be required to refund any overpayment to the DOE and the Company could proceed towards
completion of Award 1. While completion of the award under the above terms was tentatively agreed to, the method and process was uncertain.
During the fourth quarter of 2011, the close of the award was reassessed and discussed with the DOE. Management determined that it was not
in the best interest of the Company to close the award during fiscal 2011 due to amounts still available for reimbursement under the Award and
possible modifications that could be made to shift certain costs between Award 1 and Award 2. The Company also determined that there is no
right of offset between Award 1 and Award 2.


                                                                     F- 19
Accordingly, although Management does not believe the DOE intends to demand payment for the overbill, and the Contracting Officer has not
indicated such will be done, the DOE does have the legal right to do so. Due to that right and the Company’s decision not to close the award as
of December 31, 2011 as initially planned, the Company has determined that a liability should be included in the accompanying balance sheet
as of December 31, 2011 due to billing is excess of estimated earnings. Because this liability stems from normal recurring estimates made in
government contracting, the change is accounted for as a change in accounting estimate with the cumulative effect shown in the current year.
The $354,000 reduced Department of Energy grant revenue and increased net loss in the accompanying statement of operations during the year
ended December 31, 2011. The per share effect on net loss is approximately $0.01 per share of common stock.

Management will continue to evaluate the Award status, and may choose to close out the Award if it is advantageous to future operations and
allowable under federal regulations. Management believes a quick close out of Award 1 under Federal Acquisition Regulations could result in
the elimination of this excess billing; however, no assurances can be made.

NOTE 4 – PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

Property and Equipment consist of the following:
                                                                                                                 December           December
                                                                                                                    31,                31,
                                                                                                                   2011               2010
Construction in progress                                                                                        $ 1,058,735       $     911,087
Land                                                                                                                 109,108            109,108
Office equipment                                                                                                      63,367             63,367
Furniture and fixtures                                                                                                44,806             44,805
                                                                                                                   1,276,016          1,128,367
Accumulated depreciation                                                                                             (88,250 )          (69,299 )
                                                                                                                $ 1,187,766       $ 1,059,068


Depreciation expense for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 and for the period from inception to December 31, 2011 was $18,951,
$25,522, and $88,607, respectively.

During the year ended December 31, 2011, the Company invested approximately $123,000 in construction activities at our Fulton Project,
compared with $890,000 in 2010 net of DOE reimbursements.

Purchase of Lancaster Land

On November 9, 2007, the Company purchased approximately 10 acres of land in Lancaster, California for approximately $109,000, including
certain site surveying and other acquisition costs. The Company originally intended to use the land for the construction of their first cellulosic
ethanol refinery plant. The Company is now considering using this land for a facility to produce products other than cellulosic ethanol, such as
higher value chemicals that would yield fuel additives that that could improve the project economics for a smaller facility.

NOTE 5 – NOTES PAYABLE

Convertible Notes Payable - 2007

On July 13, 2007, the Company issued several convertible notes aggregating a total of $500,000 with eight accredited investors including
$25,000 from the Company’s Chief Financial Officer. Under the terms of the notes, the Company was to repay any principal balance and
interest, at 10% per annum within 120 days of the note. The holders also received warrants to purchase common stock at $5.00 per share. The
warrants vested immediately and expire in five years. The total warrants issued pursuant to this transaction were 200,000 on a pro-rata basis to
investors. The convertible promissory notes were only convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock in the event of a default. The
conversion price was determined based on one third of the average of the last-trade prices of the Company’s common stock for the ten trading
days preceding the default date.


                                                                     F- 20
The fair value of the warrants was $990,367 as determined by the Black-Scholes option pricing model using the following weighted-average
assumptions: volatility of 113%, risk-free interest rate of 4.94%, dividend yield of 0%, and a term of five years.

The proceeds were allocated between the convertible notes payable and the warrants issued to the convertible note holders based on their
relative fair values which resulted in $167,744 allocated to the convertible notes and $332,256 allocated to the warrants. The amount allocated
to the warrants resulted in a discount to the convertible notes. The Company amortized the discount over the term of the convertible notes.
During the year ended December 31, 2007, the Company amortized $332,256 of the discount to interest expense.

The Company calculated the value of the beneficial conversion feature to be approximately $332,000 of which $167,744 was allocated to the
convertible notes. However, since the notes were convertible upon a contingent event, the value was recorded when such event was triggered
during the year ended December 31, 2007.

On November 7, 2007, the Company re-paid the 10% convertible promissory notes totaling approximately $516,000 including interest of
approximately $16,000. This included approximately $800 of accrued interest to the Company’s Chief Financial Officer.

Convertible Notes - 2012 (subsequent)

Subsequent to year end, the Company entered into a convertible note payable. See note 12.

Senior Secured Convertible Notes Payable

On August 21, 2007, the Company issued senior secured convertible notes aggregating a total of $2,000,000 with two institutional accredited
investors. Under the terms of the notes, the Company was to repay any principal balance and interest, at 8% per annum, due August 21, 2010.
On a quarterly basis, the Company has the option to pay interest due in cash or in stock. The senior secured convertible notes were secured by
substantially all of the Company’s assets. The total warrants issued pursuant to this transaction were 1,000,000 on a pro-rata basis to investors.
These include class A warrants to purchase 500,000 common stock at $5.48 per share and class B warrants to purchase an additional 500,000
shares of common stock at $6.32 per share. The warrants vested immediately and expire in three years. The senior secured convertible note
holders had the option to convert the note into shares of the Company’s common stock at $4.21 per share at any time prior to maturity. If,
before maturity, the Company consummated a Financing of at least $10,000,000 then the principal and accrued unpaid interest of the senior
secured convertible notes would be automatically converted into shares of the Company’s common stock at $4.21 per share.

The fair value of the warrants was approximately $3,500,000 as determined by the Black-Scholes option pricing model using the following
weighted-average assumptions: volatility of 118%, risk-free interest rate of 4.05%, dividend yield of 0% and a term of three years. The
proceeds were allocated between the senior secured convertible notes and the warrants issued to the convertible note holders based on their
relative fair values and resulted in $728,571 being allocated to the senior secured convertible promissory notes and $1,279,429 allocated to the
warrants. The resulting discount was to be amortized over the life of the notes.

The Company calculated the value of the beneficial conversion feature to be approximately $1,679,000 of which approximately $728,000 was
allocated to the beneficial conversion feature resulting in 100% discount to the convertible promissory notes. During the year ended December
31, 2007, the Company amortized approximately $312,000 of the discount related to the warrants and beneficial conversion feature to interest
expense and $1,688,000 to loss on extinguishment, see below for discussion.

In addition, the Company entered into a registration rights agreement with the holders of the senior secured convertible notes agreement
whereby the Company was required to file an initial registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission in order to register
the resale of the maximum amount of common stock underlying the secured convertible notes within 120 days of the Exchange Agreement
(December 19, 2007). The registration statement was filed with the SEC on December 19, 2007. The registration statement was then declared
effective on March 27, 2009. The Company incurred no liquidated damages.


                                                                      F- 21
Modification of Conversion Price and Warrant Exercise Price on Senior Secured Convertible Note Payable

On December 3, 2007, the Company modified the conversion price into common stock on its outstanding senior secured convertible notes from
$4.21 to $2.90 per share. The Company also modified the exercise price of the Class A and B warrants issued with convertible notes from
$5.48 and $6.32, respectively, to $2.90 per share.

In accordance with ASC 470, the Company recorded an extinguishment loss of approximately $2,818,000 for the modification of the
conversion price as the fair value of the conversion price immediately before and after the modification was greater than 10% of the carrying
amount of the original debt instrument immediately prior to the modification. The loss on extinguishment was determined based on the
difference between the fair value of the new instruments issued and the previous carrying value of the convertible debt at the date of
extinguishment. Upon modification, the carrying amount of the senior secured convertible notes payable of $2,000,000 and accrued interest of
approximately $33,000 was converted into a total of 700,922 shares of common stock at $2.90 and $2.96 per share, respectively. Prior to the
modification, during the quarter ended September 30, 3007, the Company satisfied its interest obligation of approximately $20,000 by issuing
3,876 shares of the Company’s common stock at $4.48 per share in lieu of cash.

The extinguishment loss and non-cash interest expense for the warrants was determined using the Black-Scholes option pricing model using the
following assumptions: volatility of 122.9%, expected life of 4.72 years, risk free interest rate of 3.28%, market price per share of $3.26, and no
dividends.

Debt Issuance Costs

During 2007 debt issuance fees and expenses of approximately $207,000 were incurred in connection with the senior secured convertible note.
These fees consisted of a cash payment of $100,000 and the issuance of warrants to purchase 23,731 shares of common stock. The warrants
have an exercise price of $5.45, vested immediately and expire in five years. The warrants were valued at approximately $107,000 as
determined by the Black-Scholes option pricing model using the following weighted-average assumptions: volatility of 118%, risk-free interest
rate of 4.05%, dividend yield of 0% and a term of five years. These costs were amortized over the term of the note using the effective interest
method and expensed upon conversion of senior secured convertible note. During the year ended December 31, 2007, the Company amortized
approximately $32,000 of the debt issuance costs to interest expense and approximately $175,000 to loss on extinguishment, see above for
further discussion.

During 2010 debt issuance costs of $123,800 were incurred, net of DOE reimbursement in connection with the Company submitting an
application for a $250 million dollar DOE loan guarantee for the Company's planned cellulosic ethanol biorefinery in Fulton, Mississippi. This
compares to 2009 debt issuance costs of $150,000 incurred in connection with an application for a $58 million dollar DOE loan guarantee for
the Company's planned cellulosic ethanol biorefinery in Lancaster, California. These applications were filed under the Department of Energy
(“DOE”) Program DE-FOA-0000140 (“DOE LGPO”), which provides federal loan guarantees for projects that employ innovative energy
efficiency, renewable energy, and advanced transmission and distribution technologies.

In 2010, the Company was informed that the loan guarantee for the planned biorefinery in Lancaster, California, was rejected by the DOE due
to a lack of definitive contracts for feedstock and off-take at the time of submittal of the loan guarantee for the Lancaster Biorefinery, as well as
the fact that the Company was also pursuing a much larger project in Fulton, Mississippi. As a result of this DOE loan guarantee rejection for
the Lancaster, California project, the Company wrote off $150,000 of capitalized debt issuance cost to expense in 2010.

In February 2011, the Company received notice from the DOE LGPO staff that the Fulton Project’s application will not move forward until
such time as the project has raised the remaining equity necessary for the completion of funding. As a result of this DOE loan guarantee
rejection for the Fulton Project, the Company wrote off $123,800 of capitalized debt issuance cost to expense in 2010 as there were indicating
factors the loan would not be approved prior to year end.


                                                                       F- 22
In August 2010, BlueFire submitted an application for a $250 million loan guarantee for the Fulton Project with the U.S. Department of
Agriculture under Section 9003 of the 2008 Farm Bill (“USDA LG”). During 2011 debt issuance costs for the USDA loan guarantee totaled
approximately $114,000, compared to $298,000 in fiscal 2010.

In October 2011, the Company was informed that the USDA would not move forward with the USDA LG; however, appeal processes were
provided to afford the Company a chance to change certain aspects of the application. Such appeals have been informal to date. Because of the
initial rejection, the Company expensed all related debt costs totaling approximately $309,000 to general and administrative in the
accompanying statement of operations during the year ended December 31, 2011.

From the period of Inception through December 31, 2011, the Company has expensed $583,634 of previously capitalized debt issue costs due
to unsuccessful debt financings.

NOTE 6 - OUTSTANDING WARRANT LIABILITY

Effective January 1, 2009 we adopted the provisions of ASC 815 “Derivatives and Hedging” (ASC 815). ASC 815 applies to any freestanding
financial instruments or embedded features that have the characteristics of a derivative and to any freestanding financial instruments that are
potentially settled in an entity’s own common stock. As a result of adopting ASC 815, 6,962,963 of our issued and outstanding common stock
purchase warrants previously treated as equity pursuant to the derivative treatment exemption were no longer afforded equity treatment. These
warrants have an exercise price of $2.90; 5,962,563 warrants expire in December 2012 and 1,000,000 expired August 2010. As such, effective
January 1, 2009 we reclassified the fair value of these common stock purchase warrants, which have exercise price reset features, from equity
to liability status as if these warrants were treated as a derivative liability since their date of issue in August 2007 and December 2007. On
January 1, 2009, we reclassified from additional paid-in capital, as a cumulative effect adjustment, $15.7 million to beginning retained earnings
and $2.9 million to a long-term warrant liability to recognize the fair value of such warrants on such date.

The Company assesses the fair value of the warrants quarterly based on the Black-Scholes pricing model. See below for variables used in
assessing the fair value.

In connection with the 5,962,963 warrants to expire in December 2012, the Company recognized gains of approximately $764,000, $1,510,000,
and $2,515,000 from the change in fair value of these warrants during the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 and the period from
Inception to December 31, 2011.

On October 19, 2009, the Company cancelled 673,200 warrants for $220,000 in cash. These warrants were part of the 1,000,000 warrants
issued in August 2007, and were set to expire August 2010. Prior to October 19, 2009, the warrants were previously accounted for as a
derivative liability and marked to their fair value at each reporting period in 2009. The Company valued these warrants the day immediately
preceding the cancellation date which indicated a gain on the changed in fair value of $208,562 and a remaining fair value of $73,282. Upon
cancellation the remaining value was extinguished for payment of $220,000 in cash, resulting in a loss on extinguishment of $146,718. In
connection with the remaining 326,800 warrants that expired in August 2010, the Company recognized a gain of $117,468 for the change in
fair value of these warrants during the year ended December 31, 2009.

These common stock purchase warrants were initially issued in connection with two private offerings, our August 2007 issuance of 689,655
shares of common stock and our December 2007 issuance of 5,740,741 shares of common stock. The common stock purchase warrants were
not issued with the intent of effectively hedging any future cash flow, fair value of any asset, liability or any net investment in a foreign
operation. The warrants do not qualify for hedge accounting, and as such, all future changes in the fair value of these warrants will be
recognized currently in earnings until such time as the warrants are exercised or expire. These common stock purchase warrants do not trade in
an active securities market, and as such, we estimate the fair value of these warrants using the Black-Scholes option pricing model using the
following assumptions:


                                                                     F- 23
                                                                                                             December             December
                                                                                                                31,                  31,
                                                                                                               2011                 2010
Annual dividend yield                                                                                                     -                    -
Expected life (years) of December 2007 issuance                                                                         1.0                  2.0
Risk-free interest rate                                                                                                0.12 %              0.61 %
Expected volatility of December 2007 issuance                                                                            95 %               125 %

The Company issued 428,571 warrants to purchase common stock in connection with the Stock Purchase Agreement entered into on January
19, 2011 with Lincoln Park Capital, LLC (see note 9). These warrants are accounted for as a liability under ASC 815. The Company assesses
the fair value of the warrants quarterly based on the Black-Scholes pricing model. See below for variables used in assessing the fair value.

                                                                                                          December 31,           January 19,
                                                                                                             2011                   2011
Annual dividend yield                                                                                                    -                     -
Expected life (years)                                                                                                 4.05                   5.0
Risk-free interest rate                                                                                               0.83 %               1.95 %
Expected volatility                                                                                                    109 %                105 %

In connection with these warrants, the Company recognized a gain on the change in fair value of warrant liability of $91,467, $0, and $91,437
during the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, and for the period from Inception to December 31, 2011.

Expected volatility is based primarily on historical volatility. Historical volatility was computed using weekly pricing observations for recent
periods that correspond to the expected life of the warrants. The Company believes this method produces an estimate that is representative of
our expectations of future volatility over the expected term of these warrants. The Company currently has no reason to believe future volatility
over the expected remaining life of these warrants is likely to differ materially from historical volatility. The expected life is based on the
remaining term of the warrants. The risk-free interest rate is based on U.S. Treasury securities rates.

NOTE 7 - COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Employment Agreements

On June 27, 2006, the Company entered into employment agreements with three key employees. The employment agreements were for a
period of three years, which expired in 2010, with prescribed percentage increases beginning in 2007 and could have been cancelled upon a
written notice by either employee or employer (if certain employee acts of misconduct are committed). The total aggregate annual amount due
under the employment agreements was approximately $586,000 per year. These contracts have not been renewed. Each of the executive
officers are currently working for the Company on a month to month basis under the same terms.

On March 31, 2008, the Board of Directors of the Company replaced our Chief Financial Officer’s previously existing at-will Employment
Agreement with a new employment agreement, effective February 1, 2008, and terminating on May 31, 2009, unless extended for additional
periods by mutual agreement of both parties. The new agreement contained the following material terms: (i) initial annual salary of $120,000,
paid monthly; and (ii) standard employee benefits; (iii) limited termination provisions; (iv) rights to Invention provisions; and (v)
confidentiality and non-compete provisions upon termination of employment. This employment agreement expired on May 31, 2009. Our now
former Chief Financial Officer served until September 2011, at which time he entered into a month-to-month part-time consulting contract with
the Company, for $7,500 per month, payable in cash or stock at the consultant’s option, at predetermined conversion rates.

Board of Director Arrangements

On July 23, 2009, the Company renewed all of its existing Directors’ appointment, issued 6,000 shares to each and paid $5,000 to the three
outside members. Pursuant to the Board of Director agreements, the Company's "in-house" board members (CEO and Vice-President) waived
their annual cash compensation of $5,000. The value of the common stock granted was determined to be approximately $26,400 based on the
fair market value of the Company’s common stock of $0.88 on the date of the grant. During the year 2009 the Company expensed
approximately $41,400 related to these agreements.

On July 15, 2010, the Company renewed all of its existing Directors’ appointment, issued 6,000 shares to each and paid $5,000 to two of the
three outside members. Pursuant to the Board of Director agreements, the Company's "in-house" board members (CEO and Vice-President)
waived their annual cash compensation of $5,000. The value of the common stock granted was determined to be approximately $7,200 based
on the fair market value of the Company’s common stock of $0.24 on the date of the grant. During the year ended December 31, 2010, the
Company expensed approximately $17,000 related to these agreements.
F- 24
During the year ended December 31, 2011, the Company accrued $10,000 related to the agreements for the two remaining board members.

Investor Relations Agreements

On November 9, 2006, the Company entered into an agreement with a consultant. Under the terms of the agreement, the Company is to receive
investor relations and support services in exchange for a monthly fee of $7,500, 150,000 shares of common stock, warrants to purchase 200,000
shares of common stock at $5.00 per share, expiring in five years, and the reimbursement of certain travel expenses. The common stock and
warrants vested in equal amounts on November 9, 2006, February 1, 2007, April 1, 2007 and June 1, 2007.

At December 31, 2006, the consultant was vested in 37,500 shares of common stock. The shares were valued at $112,000 based upon the
closing market price of the Company’s common stock on the vesting date. The warrants were valued on the vesting date at $100,254 based on
the Black-Scholes option pricing model using the following assumptions: volatility of 88%, expected life of five years, risk free interest rate of
4.75% and no dividends. The value of the common stock and warrants was recorded in general and administrative expense on the
accompanying consolidated statement of operations during the year ended December 31, 2006.

The Company revalued the shares on February 1, 2007, vesting date, and recorded an additional adjustment of $138,875. On February 1, 2007
the warrants were revalued at $4.70 per share based on the Black-Scholes option pricing method using the following assumptions: volatility of
102%, expected life of five years, risk free interest rate of 4.96% and no dividends. The Company recorded an additional expense of $158,118
related to these vested warrants during the year ended December 31, 2007.

On March 31, 2007, the fair value of the vested common stock issuable under the contract based on the closing market price of the Company’s
common stock was $7.18 per share and thus expensed $269,250. As of March 31, 2007, the Company estimated the fair value of the vested
warrants issuable under the contract to be $6.11 per share. The warrants were valued on March 31, 2007 based on the Black-Scholes option
pricing model using the following assumptions: volatility of 114%, expected life of five years, risk free interest rate of 4.58% and no dividends.
The Company recorded an additional estimated expense of approximately $305,000 related to the remaining unvested warrants during the year
ended December 31, 2007.

The Company revalued the shares on June 1, 2007, vesting date, and recorded an additional adjustment of $234,375. On June 1, 2007 the
warrants were revalued at $5.40 per share based on the Black-Scholes option pricing method using the following assumptions: volatility of
129%, expected life of four and a half years, risk free interest rate of 4.97% and no dividends. The Company recorded an additional expense of
$269,839 related to these vested warrants during the year ended December 31, 2007.

On November 21, 2011, these warrants expired.

Fulton Project Lease

On July 20, 2010, the Company entered into a 30 year lease agreement with Itawamba County, Mississippi for the purpose of the development,
construction, and operation of the Fulton Project. At the end of the primary 30 year lease term, the Company shall have the right for two
additional 30 year terms. The current lease rate is computed based on a per acre rate per month that is approximately $10,300 per month. The
lease stipulates the lease rate is to be reduced at the time of the construction start by a Property Cost Reduction Formula which can substantially
reduce the monthly lease costs. The lease rate shall be adjusted every five years to the Consumer Price Index. The below payout schedule does
not contemplate reductions available upon the commencement of construction and commercial operations.


                                                                      F- 25
Future annual minimum lease payments under the above lease agreements, at December 31, 2011 are as follows:

                                                   Years ending
                                                   December 31,
                                                      2012                        $                123,504
                                                      2013                                         123,504
                                                      2014                                         123,504
                                                      2015                                         125,976
                                                      2016                                         125,976
                                                    Thereafter                                   3,025,000
                                                      Total                       $              3,647,464

Rent expense under non-cancellable leases was approximately $123,000, $62,000, and $185,000 during the years ended December 31, 2011,
2010 and the period from Inception to December 31, 2011, respectively. As of December 31, 2011 and 2010, $82,336 and $0 of the monthly
lease payments were included in accounts payable on the accompanying balance sheets. As of December 31, 2011, the Company was in
technical default of the lease due to non-payment. However, as of April 16, 2012, we have not received a notice of default.

Legal Proceedings

From time to time we may become involved in legal proceedings which could adversely affect us. We are currently not involved in litigation
that we believe will have a materially adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations. There is no action, suit, proceeding,
inquiry or investigation before or by any court, public board, government agency, self-regulatory organization or body pending or, to the
knowledge of the executive officers of our company or any of our subsidiaries, threatened against or affecting our company, our common
stock, any of our subsidiaries or of our company’s or our company’s subsidiaries’ officers or directors in their capacities as such, in which an
adverse decision is expected to have a material adverse effect.

Consulting Agreements - Other

On July 21, 2011, the Company entered into a consulting service agreement with the National Center for Sustainable Development (“NCSD”),
a non-profit organization. The NCSD assists companies in the sustainable development industry in order to promote a sustainable low carbon
economy through demonstration projects, by identifying qualified Chinese investors. The term of the agreement is for twelve months or upon
termination by either party. The NCSD is entitled to 5% on the first $250 million, and 3% in excess of $250 million for equity capital, and/or
2% of aggregate gross proceeds received from debt capital.

NOTE 8 - REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTEREST

On December 23, 2010, the Company sold a one percent (1%) membership interest in its operating subsidiary, BlueFire Fulton Renewable
Energy, LLC (“BlueFire Fulton” or the “Fulton Project”), to an accredited investor for a purchase price of $750,000 (“Purchase Price”). The
Company maintains a 99% ownership interest in the Fulton Project. In addition, the investor received a right to require the Company to redeem
the 1% interest for $862,500, or any pro-rata amount thereon. The redemption is based upon future contingent events based upon obtaining
financing for the construction of the Fulton Project. The third party equity interests is reflected as redeemable noncontrolling interests in the
Company’s consolidated financial statements outside of equity. The Company accreted the redeemable noncontrolling interest for the total
redemption price of $862,500 through the forecasted financial close, estimated to be the end of the third quarter of 2011. On October 5, 2011,
the Company received a rejection letter for the USDA loan guarantee, which was the financing the Company was basing estimates on. During
the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 and the period from Inception to December 31, 2011, the Company recognized the accretion of
the redeemable noncontrolling interest of $ 112,500 , $0, and $112,500 , respectively which was charged to additional paid-in capital.

Net loss attributable to the redeemable noncontrolling interest during the year ended December 31, 2011 was $9,969 which netted against the
value of the redeemable non-controlling interest in temporary equity. The allocation of net loss was presented on the statement of operations.

NOTE 9 - STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT

Stock Purchase Agreement

On January 19, 2011, the Company signed a $10 million purchase agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with Lincoln Park Capital Fund,
LLC (“LPC”), an Illinois limited liability company. The Company also entered into a registration rights agreement with LPC whereby we
agreed to file a registration statement related to the transaction with the U.S. Securities & Exchange Commission (“SEC”) covering the shares
that may be issued to LPC under the Purchase Agreement within ten days of the agreement. Although under the Purchase Agreement the
registration statement was to be declared effective by March 31, 2011, LPC did not terminate the Purchase Agreement. The registration
statement was declared effective on May 10, 2011, without any penalty.

After the SEC has declared effective the registration statement related to the transaction, the Company has the right, in their sole discretion,
over a 30-month period to sell the shares of common stock to LPC in amounts from $35,000 and up to $500,000 per sale, depending on the
Company’s stock price as set forth in the Purchase Agreement, up to the aggregate commitment of $10 million.

There are no upper limits to the price LPC may pay to purchase our common stock and the purchase price of the shares related to the $10
million funding will be based on the prevailing market prices of the Company’s shares immediately preceding the time of sales without any
fixed discount, and the Company controls the timing and amount of any future sales, if any, of shares to LPC. LPC shall not have the right or
the obligation to purchase any shares of our common stock on any business day that the price of our common stock is below $0.15. The
Purchase Agreement contains customary representations, warranties, covenants, closing conditions and indemnification and termination
provisions by, among and for the benefit of the parties. LPC has covenanted not to cause or engage in any manner whatsoever, any direct or
indirect short selling or hedging of the Company’s shares of common stock. The Purchase Agreement may be terminated by us at any time at
our discretion without any cost to us. Except for a limitation on variable priced financings, there are no financial or business covenants,
restrictions on future fundings, rights of first refusal, participation rights, penalties or liquidated damages in the agreement.


                                                                      F- 26
Upon signing the Purchase Agreement, BlueFire received $150,000 from LPC as an initial purchase under the $10 million commitment in
exchange for 428,571 shares of our common stock and warrants to purchase 428,571 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $0.55
per share. The warrants contain a ratchet provision in which the exercise price will be adjusted based on future issuances of common stock,
excluding certain issuances; if issuances are at prices lower than the current exercise price (see Note 6). The warrants have an expiration date of
January 2016.

Concurrently, in consideration for entering into the $10 million agreement, we issued to LPC 600,000 shares of our common stock as a
commitment fee and shall issue up to 600,000 more shares pro rata as LPC purchases up to the remaining $9.85 million.

During the year ended December 31, 2011, the Company drew $200,000 under the Purchase Agreement and issued 1,119,377 shares of
common stock, including 12,183 commitment shares that were eared on a pro-rata basis as described above. The Company still has $9,650,000
available on the Purchase Agreement as of December 31, 2011; however, no additional monies are expected to be drawn down until sometime
during the second quarter of 2012. There have been $35,000 in draw downs subsequent to December 31, 2011 year end resulting in 235,465
additional shares being issued under the Purchase Agreement.

The Company accounted for the 428,571 common stock warrants with ratchet provisions in accordance with ASC 815 whereby the warrants
require liability classification. As the warrants are considered a cost of permanent equity, the value of the warrants netted against the equity
recognized in additional paid-in capital. See note 6 for valuation of warrants. The 600,000 shares of common stock issued in connect with the
agreement were also considered a cost of permanent equity. However, because the value of the shares both add to additional paid-in capital for
the value of shares issued and net against it as a cost of capital, they were recorded at par value with a corresponding reduction to
additional-paid-in capital.

The remaining 600,000 shares that are to be issue pro-rata as the Company draws on the Purchase Agreement are also a cost of capital and are
recorded as earned by LPC. The value of the shares both add to additional paid-in capital for the value of shares issued and net against it as a
cost of capital; accordingly, they are recorded at par value with a corresponding reduction to additional-paid-in capital when earned.

Amended and Restated 2006 Incentive and Nonstatutory Stock Option Plan

On December 14, 2006, the Company established the 2006 incentive and nonstatutory stock option plan (the “Plan”). The Plan is intended to
further the growth and financial success of the Company by providing additional incentives to selected employees, directors, and consultants.
Stock options granted under the Plan may be either "Incentive Stock Options" or "Nonstatutory Options" at the discretion of the Board of
Directors. The total number of shares of Stock which may be purchased through exercise of Options granted under this Plan shall not exceed
ten million (10,000,000) shares, they become exercisable over a period of no longer than five (5) years and no less than 20% of the shares
covered thereby shall become exercisable annually.

On October 16, 2007, the Board reviewed the Plan. As such, it determined that the Plan was to be used as a comprehensive equity incentive
program for which the Board serves as the Plan administrator; and therefore added the ability to grant restricted stock awards under the Plan.

Under the amended and restated Plan, an eligible person in the Company’s service may acquire a proprietary interest in the Company in the
form of shares or an option to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock. The amendment includes certain previously granted restricted
stock awards as having been issued under the amended and restated Plan. As of December 31, 2011, 3,307,159 options and 1,238,359 shares
have been issued under the plan. As of December 31, 2011, 5,454,482 shares are still issuable under the Plan.

Stock Options

On December 14, 2006, the Company granted options to purchase 1,990,000 shares of common stock to various employees and consultants
having a $2.00 exercise price. The value of the options granted was determined to be approximately $4,900,000 based on the Black-Scholes
option pricing model using the following assumptions: volatility of 99%, expected life of five (5) years, risk free interest rate of 4.73%, market
price per share of $3.05, and no dividends. The Company expensed the value of the options over the vesting period of two years for the
employees. For non-employees the Company revalued the fair market value of the options at each reporting period under the provisions of ASC
505. On December 14, 2011 all 1,970,000 of these options expired while 20,000 were exercised in a prior year.


                                                                      F- 27
On December 20, 2007, the Company granted options to purchase 1,038,750 shares of the Company’s common stock to various employees and
consultants having an exercise price of $3.20 per share. In addition, on the same date, the Company granted its President and Chief Executive
Officer 250,000 and 28,409 options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock having an exercise price of $3.20 and $3.52,
respectively. The value of the options granted was determined to be approximately $3,482,000 based on the Black-Scholes option pricing
model using the following assumptions: volatility of 122.9%, expected life of five (5) years, risk free interest rate of 3.09%, market price per
share of $3.20, and no dividends. Of the total 1,317,159 options granted on December 20, 2007, 739,659 vested immediately and 27,500 issued
to consultants vested monthly over a one year period, and 550,000 of the options vested upon two contingent future events. Management’s
belief at the time of the grant was that the events were probable to occur and were within their control, and thus accounted for the remaining
vesting under ASC 718 by straight-lining the vesting through the expected date on which the future events were to occur. At the time,
management believed that future date was June 30, 2008. This determination was based on the fact that the Company appeared to be on track to
receive the permits and the related funding was available. In June 2008, the Company determined that the June 30, 2008 estimate would not be
met due to delays in receiving the necessary permits and thus modified the date to September 30, 2008. In September 2008, the Company
determined that the September 30, 2009 deadline would not be met due to the difficulty in obtaining financing due to the pending collapse of
the capital markets. At that point the remaining unamortized portion was immaterial and thus, the Company expensed the remaining amounts.
Although the options were expensed according to ASC 718, the recipients are still not fully vested as the triggering events have not yet
occurred. The original grant date fair value of the 550,000 unvested options was $2.70.

The Company accounts for the stock options to consultants under the provisions of ASC 505. In accordance with ASC 505, the options
awarded to consultants under the 2006 and 2007 Stock Option Grant were re-valued periodically using the Black-Scholes option pricing model
over the vesting period. As of December 31, 2011 and 2010 stock options to consultants were fully vested and expensed.

In connection with the Company’s 2007 and 2006 stock option awards, during the years ended December 31, 2011, and 2010 and for the period
from March 28, 2006 (Inception) to December 31, 2011, the Company recognized stock based compensation, including consultants, of
approximately $0, $0, and $4,487,000 to general and administrative expenses and $0, $0, and $4,368,000 to project development expenses,
respectively. There is no additional future compensation expense to record at December 31, 2011 based on previous awards.

A summary of the status of the stock option grants under the Plan as of the years ended December 31, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2011 and
changes during this period are presented as follows:

                                                                                                                                Weighted
                                                                                                                                Average
                                                                                                              Weighted         Remaining
                                                                                                              Average          Contractual
                                                                                                              Exercise           Term
                                                                                          Options              Price            (Years)
Outstanding January 1, 2007                                                                 1,990,000     $          2.00
Granted during the year                                                                     1,317,159                3.21
Exercised during the year                                                                     (20,000 )              2.00
Outstanding December 31, 2007                                                               3,287,159     $          2.48                4.40
Granted during the year                                                                             -                   -
Exercised during the year                                                                           -                   -
Outstanding December 31, 2008                                                               3,287,159     $          2.48                3.40
Granted during the year                                                                             -                   -
Exercised during the year                                                                           -                   -
Outstanding December 31, 2009                                                               3,287,159     $          2.48                2.40
Granted during the year                                                                             -                   -
Exercised during the year                                                                           -                   -
Outstanding December 31, 2010                                                               3,287,159     $          2.48                1.40
Granted during the year                                                                             -
Exercised during the year                                                                           -
Expired during the year                                                                    (2,057,500 )              2.00
Options exercisable at December 31, 2011                                                    1,229,659     $          3.21                1.00



                                                                    F- 28
There were no amounts received for the exercise of stock options in 2011 or 2010.

The following table summarizes information concerning outstanding and exercisable options at December 31, 2011:

                                                        OPTIONS                                                     OPTIONS
                                                      OUTSTANDING                                                 EXERCISABLE
                                                        Weighted-
                                                         Average                    Weighted-                                       Weighted-
                             Outstanding                Remaining                   Average               Exercisable               Average
Range of Exercise               as of                 Contractual Life              Exercise                 as of                  Exercise
Prices                       12/31/2011                   (years)                    Price                12/31/2011                 Price

$3.20 - $3.52                       1,229,659                         1.00      $            3.21                  767,159      $            3.21

As of December 31, 2011, the average intrinsic value of the options outstanding is zero as the exercise prices were in excess of the closing
price of the Company’s common stock as of December 31, 2011.

Private Offerings

On January 5, 2007, the Company completed a private offering of its stock, and entered into subscription agreements with four accredited
investors. In this offering, the Company sold an aggregate of 278,500 shares of the Company’s common stock at a price of $2.00 per share for
total proceeds of $557,000. The shares of common stock were offered and sold to the investors in private placement transactions made in
reliance upon exemptions from registration pursuant to Section 4(2) under the Securities Act of 1933. In addition, the Company paid $12,500 in
cash and issued 6,250 shares of their common stock as a finder’s fee.

On December 3, 2007 and December 14, 2007, the Company issued an aggregate of 5,740,741 shares of common stock at $2.70 per share and
issued warrants to purchase 5,740,741 shares of common stock for gross proceeds of $15,500,000. The warrants have an exercise price of $2.90
per share and expire five years from the date of issuance.

The value of the warrants was determined to be approximately $15,968,455 based on the Black-Scholes option pricing model using the
following assumptions: volatility of 122.9%, expected life of five (5) years, risk free interest rate of 3.28%, market price per share of $3.26, and
no dividends. The relative fair value of the warrants did not have an impact on the financial statements as they were issued in connection with a
capital raise and recorded as additional paid-in capital.

The warrants are subject to “full-ratchet” anti-dilution protection in the event the Company (other than excluded issuances, as defined) issues
any additional shares of stock, stock options, warrants or any securities exchangeable into common stock at a price of less than $2.90 per share.
If the Company issues securities for less $2.90 per share then the exercise price for the warrants shall be adjusted to equal to the lower price.
See Note 6, for additional information regarding these warrants.

In connection with the capital raise, the Company paid $1,050,000 to placement agents, $90,000 in legal fees and issued warrants for the
purchase of 222,222 shares of common stock. The warrants were valued at $618,133 based on the Black-Scholes assumptions above as
recorded as a cost of the capital raised by the Company.

Issuance of Common Stock related to Employment Agreements

In January 2007, the Company issued 10,000 shares of common stock to an employee in connection with an employment agreement. The
shares were valued on the initial date of employment at $40,000 based on the closing market of the Company’s common stock on that date.


                                                                      F- 29
On February 12, 2007, the Company entered into an employment agreement with a key employee, and simultaneously entered into a consulting
agreement with an entity controlled by such employee; both agreements were effective March 16, 2007. Under the terms of the consulting
agreement, the consulting entity received 50,000 restricted shares of the Company’s common stock. The common stock was valued at
approximately $275,000 based on the closing market price of the Company’s common stock on the date of the agreement. The shares vested in
equal quarterly installments on February 12, 2007, June 1, December 1, and December 1, 2007. The Company amortized the entire fair value of
the common stock of $275,000 over the vesting period during the year ended December 31, 2007. No additional issuances were made in 2008,
2009 and 2010.

Shares Issued for Services

On August 27, 2009, the Company entered into a 6-month Consulting Agreement with Mirador Consulting, Inc. Pursuant to the Agreement, the
Company will receive services in connection with mergers and acquisitions, corporate finance, corporate finance relations, introductions to
other financial relations companies and other financial services. As consideration for these services, the Company made monthly cash
payments of $3,000 and issued 200,000 shares of the Company’s common stock in exchange for $200. The Company valued the shares at
$0.80 based upon the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the date of the agreement. Under the terms of the agreement, the shares
did not have any future performance requirement nor were they cancellable. The Company expensed the entire value on the date of the
agreement and recorded to general and administrative expense. Under the terms of the agreement the Company was to issue 100,000 shares on
execution of the agreement on November 15, 2009. On May 24, 2010, the Company issued the remaining 100,000 shares.

Throughout the year ended December 31, 2011, the Company issued 718,963 shares of common stock for legal services provided, which
compares to 75,000 shares for the same services in 2010. In connection with this issuance the Company recorded $162,000 in legal expense
which is included in general and administrative expense, which compares to $20,250 in 2010.

Throughout the year ended December 31, 2011, the Company issued 139,549 shares of common stock for compliance services provided, which
compares to zero shares for the same services in 2010. In connection with this issuance the Company recorded $22,962 in compliance expenses
which is included in general and administrative expense, which compares to $0 in 2010.

On September 16, 2011, the Company issued 10,000 shares of common stock for consulting services provided, which compares to zero shares
for the same services in 2010. In connection with this issuance the Company recorded $1,800 in consulting expenses which is included in
general and administrative expense, which compares to $0 in 2010.

Shares Issued for Settlement of Accrued Expenses

On December 28, 2011, the Company issued 527,980 shares of common stock in lieu of cash for back rent owed of $81,837. In connection
with this issuance the Company recorded a gain on the settlement of accrued rent expenses of $7,920 which is included in the accompanying
statement of operations.

Private Placement Agreements

During the year ended December 31, 2007, the Company entered into various placement agent agreements, whereby payments are only
ultimately due if capital is raised.

Warrants Issued

See Notes 5, 6, 9 and 10 for warrants issued with debt and equity financings.

On August 27, 2009, the Company entered into a six month consulting agreement. Pursuant to the agreement, the Company grated the
consultant a warrant to purchase 100,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $3.00 per share. The value of the warrant issued was
determined to be approximately $8,300 based on the Black-Scholes option pricing model using the following assumptions: volatility of 108%,
expected life of one (1) year, risk free interest rate of 2.48%, market price per share of $0.80, and no dividends. The value of the warrants was
expensed during the year ended December 31, 2009. These warrants expired on August 27, 2010.

On December 15, 2010, the Company issued to Arnold Klann, a Director and Executive at the Company, a warrant to purchase 500,000 shares
of common stock at an exercise price of $0.50 per share pursuant to a loan agreement. See Note 10.

On January 19, 2011, the Company issued to Lincoln Park Capital, a warrant to purchase 428,571 shares of common stock at an exercise price
of $0.55 per share pursuant to a stock purchase agreement. See Note 9.
F- 30
Warrants Cancelled

On October 19, 2009, the Company cancelled 673,200 warrants for $220,000 in cash. (see Note 6).

Warrants Outstanding

A summary of the status of the warrants for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010 changes during the periods is presented
as follows:

                                                                                                                                Weighted
                                                                                                                                Average
                                                                                                                               Remaining
                                                                                                     Weighted                  Contractual
                                                                                                     Average                     Term
                                                                                      Warrants     Exercise Price               (Years)
Outstanding January 1, 2007 (with 50,000 warrants exercisable)                           200,000 $            5.00
Issued during the year                                                                 7,186,694              2.96
Outstanding and exercisable at December 31, 2007                                       7,386,694 $            3.02                        4.60
Issued during the year                                                                         -                  -
Outstanding and exercisable at December 31, 2008                                       7,386,694 $            3.02                        3.60
Issued during the year                                                                   100,000              3.00
Cancelled during the year                                                               (673,200 )           (2.90 )
Outstanding and exercisable at December 31, 2009                                       6,813,494 $            3.03                        2.76
Issued during the year                                                                   500,000              0.50
Cancelled during the year                                                               (426,800 )           (2.92 )
Outstanding and exercisable at December 31, 2010                                       6,886,694 $            2.85                        1.98
Issued during the year                                                                   428,581              0.55
Expired during the year                                                                 (200,000 )            5.00
Outstanding and exercisable at December 31, 2011                                       7,115,275 $            2.65                        1.20


NOTE 10 - RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

Technology Agreement with Arkenol, Inc.

On March 1, 2006, the Company entered into a Technology License agreement with Arkenol, Inc. (“Arkenol”), which the Company’s majority
shareholder and other family members hold an interest in. Arkenol has its own management and board separate and apart from the Company.
According to the terms of the agreement, the Company was granted an exclusive, non-transferable, North American license to use and to
sub-license the Arkenol technology. The Arkenol Technology, converts cellulose and waste materials into Ethanol and other high value
chemicals. As consideration for the grant of the license, the Company shall make a one time payment of $1,000,000 at first project construction
funding and for each plant make the following payments: (1) royalty payment of 4% of the gross sales price for sales by the Company or its sub
licensees of all products produced from the use of the Arkenol Technology (2) and a one time license fee of $40.00 per 1,000 gallons of
production capacity per plant. According to the terms of the agreement, the Company made a one-time exclusivity fee prepayment of $30,000
during the period ended December 31, 2006. The agreement term is for 30 years from the effective date.

During 2008, due to the receipt of proceeds from the Department of Energy, the Board of Directors determined that the Company had triggered
its obligation to incur the full $1,000,000 Arkenol License fee. The Board of Directors determined that the receipt of these proceeds constituted
“First Project Construction Funding” as established under the Arkenol technology agreement. As such, the consolidated statement of operations
for the year ended December 31, 2008 reflected the one-time license fee of $1,000,000. The Company paid the net amount due of $970,000 to
the related party on March 9, 2009.


                                                                     F- 31
Asset Transfer Agreement with Ark Entergy, Inc.

On March 1, 2006, the Company entered into an Asset Transfer and Acquisition Agreement with ARK Energy, Inc. (“ARK Energy”), which is
owned (50%) by the Company’s CEO. ARK Energy has its own management and board separate and apart from the Company. Based upon the
terms of the agreement, ARK Energy transferred certain rights, assets, work-product, intellectual property and other know-how on project
opportunities that may be used to deploy the Arkenol technology (as described in the above paragraph). In consideration, the Company has
agreed to pay a performance bonus of up to $16,000,000 when certain milestones are met. These milestones include transferee’s project
implementation which would be demonstrated by start of the construction of a facility or completion of financial closing whichever is earlier.
The payment is based on ARK Energy’s cost to acquire and develop 19 sites which are currently at different stages of development. As of
December 31, 2011 and 2010, the Company had not incurred any liabilities related to the agreement.

Related Party Lines of Credit

In March 2007, the Company obtained a line of credit in the amount of $1,500,000 from its Chairman/Chief Executive Officer and majority
shareholder to provide additional liquidity to the Company as needed. Under the terms of the note, the Company is to repay any principal
balance and interest, at 10% per annum, within 30 days of receiving qualified investment financing of $5,000,000 or more. As of December 31,
2007, the Company repaid its outstanding balance on line of credit of approximately $631,000 which included interest of $37,800. This line of
credit was terminated with the closing of the private placement in December 2007 and the subsequent line of credit balance repayment.

In February 2009, the Company obtained a line of credit in the amount of $570,000 from Arkenol Inc, its technology licensor, to provide
additional liquidity to the Company as needed. In October 2009 $175,000 was utilized from the line of credit and in November 2009 the
balance was paid in full along with approximately $500 interest. As of December 31, 2010, there were no amounts outstanding and the line of
credit was deemed cancelled as the Company did not anticipate utilizing funds from the line of credit.

On November 10, 2011, the Company obtained a line of credit in the amount of $40,000 from its Chairman/Chief Executive Officer and
majority shareholder to provide additional liquidity to the Company as needed, at his sole discretion. Under the terms of the note, the Company
is to repay any principal balance and interest, at 12% per annum, within 30 days of receiving qualified investment financing of $100,000 or
more. As of November 11, 2011, the outstanding balance on the line of credit is approximately $19,000 with $21,000 remaining under the line.

Purchase of Property and Equipment

During the year ended December 31, 2007, the Company purchased various office furniture and equipment from ARK Energy costing
approximately $39,000.

Notes Payable

As mentioned in Note 3, on July 13, 2007, the Company issued several convertible notes aggregating a total of $500,000 with eight accredited
investors including $25,000 invested by the Company’s former Chief Financial Officer. In 2011 and 2010 no additional notes were issued.


                                                                    F- 32
Loan Agreement

On December 15, 2010, the Company entered into a loan agreement (the “Loan Agreement”) by and between Arnold Klann, the Chief
Executive Officer, Chairman of the board of directors and majority shareholder of the Company, as lender (the “Lender”), and the Company, as
borrower. Pursuant to the Loan Agreement, the Lender agreed to advance to the Company a principal amount of Two Hundred Thousand
United States Dollars ($200,000) (the “Loan”). The Loan Agreement requires the Company to (i) pay to the Lender a one-time amount equal to
fifteen percent (15%) of the Loan (the “Fee Amount”) in cash or shares of the Company’s common stock at a value of $0.50 per share, at the
Lender’s option; and (ii) issue the Lender warrants allowing the Lender to buy 500,000 common shares of the Company at an exercise price of
$0.50 per common share, such warrants to expire on December 15, 2013. The Company has promised to pay in full the outstanding principal
balance of any and all amounts due under the Loan Agreement within thirty (30) days of the Company’s receipt of investment financing or a
commitment from a third party to provide One Million United States Dollars ($1,000,000) to the Company or one of its subsidiaries (the “Due
Date”), to be paid in cash or shares of the Company’s common stock, at the Lender’s option.

The fair value of the warrants was $83,736 as determined by the Black-Scholes option pricing model using the following weighted-average
assumptions: volatility of 112.6%, risk-free interest rate of 1.1%, dividend yield of 0%, and a term of three (3) years.

The proceeds were allocated to the warrants issued to the note holder based on their relative fair values which resulted in $83,736 allocated to
the warrants. The amount allocated to the warrants resulted in a discount to the note. The Company amortized the discount over the estimated
term of the Loan using the straight line method due to the short term nature of the Loan. The Company estimated the Loan would be paid back
during the quarter ended September 30, 2011. During the year ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, the Company amortized $73,885 and
$9,851, respectively, of the discount to interest expense.

NOTE 11 – INCOME TAXES

Income tax reporting primarily relates to the business of the parent company Blue Fire Ethanol Fuels, Inc. which experienced a change in
ownership on June 27, 2006. A change in ownership requires management to compute the annual limitation under Section 382 of the Internal
Revenue Code. The amount of benefits the Company may receive from the operating loss carry forwards for income tax purposes is further
dependent, in part, upon the tax laws in effect, the future earnings of the Company, and other future events, the effects of which cannot be
determined.

The Company had no estimated state tax liability at December 31, 2011. There is no current provision or liability for federal reporting
purposes, and no deferred income tax expense is recorded since the deferred tax assets have been recorded as discussed below.

The Company's deferred tax assets consist solely of net operating loss carry forwards of approximately $9,651,000 and $9,386,000 at
December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. For federal tax purposes these carry forwards expire in twenty years beginning in 2026 and for the
State of California purposes they expire in five years beginning in 2011. A full valuation allowance has been placed on 100% of the Company's
deferred tax assets as it cannot be determined if the assets will be ultimately used to offset future income, if any. During the years ended
December 31, 2011 and 2010, and for the period from March 28, 2006 (Inception) to December 31, 2011, the valuation increased by
approximately $266,000, increased by approximately $822,000, increased by approximately $9,651,000, respectively.

The difference between the California statutory rate of approximately 8.83% and the actual provision rate is due to permanent difference
required to get to taxable income. These permanent differences relate primarily to the gain on warrant liability, the accretion of related party
note discount and other non-cash expenses. The Company has not provided a reconciliation to the provision for income taxes for the years
ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 as the difference between the statutory rates and the actual provision rate relate to changes in the NOLs
and the corresponding valuation allowance.

In addition, the Company is not current in their federal and state income tax filings due to previous delinquencies by Sucre prior to the reverse
acquisition and due to fiscal 2010 returns not being filed. The Company has assessed and determined that the effect of non filing is not
expected to be significant, as Sucre has not had active operations for a significant period of time and because the Company incurred significant
losses in fiscal 2010.

The Company has filed all other United States Federal and State tax returns. The Company has identified the United States Federal tax returns
as its “major” tax jurisdiction. The United States Federal return years 2007 through 2011 are still subject to tax examination by the United
States Internal Revenue Service, however, we do not currently have any ongoing tax examinations. The Company is subject to examination by
the California Franchise Tax Board for the years ended 2006 through 2011 and currently does not have any ongoing tax examinations.


                                                                      F- 33
NOTE 12 – SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

On March 28, 2012, BlueFire finalized a committed equity facility (the “Equity Facility”) with TCA Global Credit Master Fund, LP, a Cayman
Islands limited partnership (“TCA”), whereby the parties entered into (i) a committed equity facility agreement (the “Equity Agreement”) and
(ii) a registration rights agreement (the “Registration Rights Agreement”). Pursuant to the terms of the Equity Agreement, for a period of
twenty-four (24) months commencing on the date of effectiveness of the Registration Statement (as defined below), TCA shall commit to
purchase up to $2,000,000 of BlueFire’s common stock, par value $0.001 per share (the “Shares”), pursuant to Advances (as defined below),
covering the Registrable Securities (as defined below). The purchase price of the Shares under the Equity Agreement is equal to ninety-five
percent (95%) of the lowest daily volume weighted average price of BlueFire’s common stock during the five (5) consecutive trading days after
BlueFire delivers to TCA an Advance notice in writing requiring TCA to advance funds (an “Advance”) to BlueFire, subject to the terms of the
Equity Agreement. The “Registrable Securities” include (i) the Shares; and (ii) any securities issued or issuable with respect to the Shares by
way of exchange, stock dividend or stock split or in connection with a combination of shares, recapitalization, merger, consolidation or other
reorganization or otherwise. As further consideration for TCA entering into and structuring the Equity Facility, BlueFire shall pay to TCA a fee
by issuing to TCA that number of shares of BlueFire’s common stock that equal a dollar amount of $110,000 (the “Facility Fee Shares”). It is
the intention of BlueFire and TCA that the value of the Facility Fee Shares shall equal $110,000. In the event the value of the Facility Fee
Shares issued to TCA does not equal $110,000 after a nine month evaluation date, the Equity Agreement provides for an adjustment provision
allowing for necessary action (either the issuance of additional shares to TCA or the return of shares previously issued to TCA to BlueFire’s
treasury) to adjust the number of Facility Fee Shares issued. BlueFire also entered into the Registration Rights Agreement with TCA. Pursuant
to the terms of the Registration Rights Agreement, BlueFire is obligated to file a registration statement (the “Registration Statement”) with the
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC’) to cover the Registrable Securities within 45 days of closing. BlueFire must use its
commercially reasonable efforts to cause the Registration Statement to be declared effective by the SEC by a date that is no later than 90 days
following closing.

On March 28, 2012, BlueFire entered into a security agreement (the “Security Agreement”) TCA, related to a $300,000 convertible promissory
note issued by BlueFire in favor of TCA (the “Convertible Note”). The Security Agreement grants to TCA a continuing, first priority security
interest in all of BlueFire’s assets, wheresoever located and whether now existing or hereafter arising or acquired. On March 28, 2012, BlueFire
issued the Convertible Note in favor of TCA. The maturity date of the Convertible Note is March 28, 2013, and the Convertible Note bears
interest at a rate of twelve percent (12%) per annum. The Convertible Note is convertible into shares of BlueFire’s common stock at a price
equal to ninety-five percent (95%) of the lowest daily volume weighted average price of BlueFire’s common stock during the five (5) trading
days immediately prior to the date of conversion. The Convertible Note may be prepaid in whole or in part at BlueFire’s option without
penalty. The proceeds received by the Company under the purchase agreement are expected to be used for general working capital purposes
which include costs expected to be reimbursed under the DOE cost share program. The Company is currently determining the accounting
impact of the transaction.

Subsequent to year end, in January 2012, under the LPC Purchase Agreement the Company sold a total of 235,465 shares to LPC for $0.15
share for $35,000.


                                                                     F- 34
                                     PART II – INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN PROSPECTUS

Other Expenses

The following table sets forth an itemization of all estimated expenses, all of which we will pay, in connection with the issuance and
distribution of the securities being registered:

                                    SEC registration fee                                       $        221
                                    Accounting fees and expenses                                      5,000 *
                                    Legal fees and expenses*                                         30,000 *
                                    Miscellaneous                                                     3,000 *
                                    Total                                                      $     38,221 *
                                    * Estimated

Indemnification of Directors and Officers

Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws provide that we will indemnify an officer, director, or former officer or director, to the full extent
permitted by law. We have been advised that in the opinion of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission indemnification for liabilities
arising under the Securities Act is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act, and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a
claim for indemnification against such liabilities is asserted by one of our directors, officers, or controlling persons in connection with the
securities being registered, we will, unless in the opinion of our legal counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit the
question of whether such indemnification is against public policy to a court of appropriate jurisdiction. We will then be governed by the court’s
decision.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

On August 27, 2009, the Company issued 200,000 shares of the Company’s common stock to a consultant for services rendered at a fair value
of $160,000 ($0.80/share), based upon the quoted closing price of the Company’s common stock on August 27, 2009. The issuance of such
securities was exempt from registration pursuant to Section 4(2) of the Securities Act and Regulation D promulgated thereunder.

On November 10, 2010, the Company issued 37,000 shares of the Company’s common stock to a consultant for services rendered at a fair
value of $17,020 ($0.46/share), based upon the quoted closing price of the Company’s common stock on October 11, 2010. The issuance of
such securities was exempt from registration pursuant to Section 4(2) of the Securities Act and Regulation D promulgated thereunder.

On December 15, 2010, the Company issued the Chief Executive Officer, Chairman of the board of directors and majority shareholder of the
Company, 500,000 warrants to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.50/share at anytime until December 15, 2013 as part of a
$200,000 loan to the Company. The issuance of such securities was exempt from registration pursuant to Section 4(2) of the Securities Act and
Regulation D promulgated thereunder.

On September 16, 2011, the Company issued 10,000 shares of the Company’s common stock to a consultant for services rendered at a fair
value of $1,800 ($0.18/share), based upon the quoted closing price of the Company’s common stock on September 16, 2011. The issuance of
such securities was exempt from registration pursuant to Section 4(2) of the Securities Act and Regulation D promulgated thereunder.

On March 28, 2012, the Company issued 280,612 shares of the Company’s common stock to TCA as Facility Fee Shares pursuant to the
Equity Agreement. The issuance of such securities was exempt from registration pursuant to Section 4(2) of the Securities Act and Regulation
D promulgated thereunder.


                                                                        50
EXHIBITS

    Exhibit No.    Description

        2.1        Stock Purchase Agreement and Plan of Reorganization, dated May 31, 2006 (Incorporated by reference to the
                   Company’s Form 10-SB, as filed with the SEC on December 13, 2006)

        3.1        Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation, dated July 2, 2006 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s
                   Form 10-SB, as filed with the SEC on December 13, 2006)

        3.2        Amended and Restated Bylaws, dated May 27, 2006 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 10-SB, as
                   filed with the SEC on December 13, 2006)

        3.3        Second Amended and Restated Bylaws, dated April 24, 2008 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K,
                   as filed with the SEC on April 29, 2008)

        3.4        Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation, dated July 20, 2010 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s
                   Form 8-K, as filed with the SEC on July 26, 2010)

        5.1        Legal Opinion of Lucosky Brookman LLP *

       10.1        Arkenol Technology License Agreement, dated March 1, 2006 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form
                   10-SB, as filed with the SEC on December 13, 2006)

       10.2        ARK Energy Asset Transfer and Acquisition Agreement, dated March 1, 2006 (Incorporated by reference to the
                   Company’s Form 10-SB, as filed with the SEC on December 13, 2006)

       10.3        Amended and Restated 2006 Incentive and Non-Statutory Stock Option Plan, dated December 13, 2006 (Incorporated
                   by reference to the Company’s Form S-8, as filed with the SEC on December 17, 2007)

       10.4        Purchase Agreement, dated as of January 19, 2011, by and between the Company and Lincoln Park Capital Fund, LLC
                   (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, as filed with the SEC on January 24, 2011)

       10.5        Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of January 19, 2011, by and between the Company and Lincoln Park Capital
                   Fund, LLC (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, as filed with the SEC on January 24, 2011)

       10.6        Committed Equity Facility Agreement, dated March 28, 2012, by and between BlueFire Renewables, Inc. and TCA
                   Global Credit Master Fund, LP *

       10.7        Registration Rights Agreement, dated March 28, 2012, by and between BlueFire Renewables, Inc. and TCA Global
                   Credit Master Fund, LP *

       14.1        Code of Ethics (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, as filed with the SEC on March 6, 2009)

       23.1        Consent of dbbmckennon *

       23.2        Consent of Lucosky Brookman LLP (filed as Exhibit 5.1 herewith)

* filed herewith


                                                               51
Undertakings

The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes:

            (1) To file, during any period in which offers or sales are being made, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement:

            i. To include any prospectus required by section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act of 1933;

            ii. To reflect in the prospectus any facts or events arising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent
post-effective amendment thereof) which, individually or in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in the
registration statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or decrease in volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of
securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering
range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, in the aggregate, the changes in volume
and price represent no more than 20% change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the “Calculation of Registration Fee” table
in the effective registration statement.

           iii. To include any material information with respect to the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement
or any material change to such information in the registration statement;

          (2) That, for the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each such post-effective amendment shall be
deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be
deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.

            (3) To remove from registration by means of a post-effective amendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold
at the termination of the offering.

            (4) Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act of 1933 may be permitted to directors, officers and
controlling persons of the registrant pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, the registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the
Securities and Exchange Commission such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Act and is, therefore, unenforceable. In
the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the registrant of expenses incurred or paid by a
director, officer or controlling person of the registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director,
officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter
has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against
public policy as expressed in the Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.

             (5) Each prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) as part of a registration statement relating to an offering, other than registration
statements relying on Rule 430B or other than prospectuses filed in reliance on Rule 430A, shall be deemed to be part of and included in the
registration statement as of the date it is first used after effectiveness. Provided, however, that no statement made in a registration statement or
prospectus that is part of the registration statement or made in a document incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference into the
registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement will, as to a purchaser with a time of contract of sale prior to such
first use, supersede or modify any statement that was made in the registration statement or prospectus that was part of the registration statement
or made in any such document immediately prior to such date of first use.


                                                                         52
                                                                 SIGNATURES

In accordance with the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, the registrant certifies that it has reasonable grounds to believe that it meets
all of the requirements of filing on Form S-1 and authorizes this registration statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, in the City
of Irvine, California, on May 4, 2012.

                                                                       BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES, INC.


                                                                       B     /s/ Arnold Klann
                                                                       y:
                                                                             Name: Arnold Klann
                                                                             Title: Chief Executive Officer
                                                                                      (Principal Executive Officer)
                                                                                      (Principal Financial Officer)
                                                                                      (Principal Accounting Officer)

In accordance with the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, this Registration Statement on Form S-1 has been signed by the
following persons in the capacities and on the dates indicated.


 Signature                        Title                                                                                    Date


 /s/ Arnold Klann                 Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer (Principal                  May 4, 2012
                                  Executive Officer) (Principal Financial Officer) (Principal Accounting Officer)
 Arnold Klann



 /s/ Necitas Sumait               Director, Secretary and Senior Vice President                                            May 4, 2012
 Necitas Sumait


 /s/ John Cuzens                  Chief Technology Officer and Senior Vice President                                       May 4, 2012
 John Cuzens


 /s/ Chris Nichols                Director                                                                                 May 4, 2012
 Chris Nichols


 /s/ Joseph Sparano               Director                                                                                 May 4, 2012
 Joseph Sparano


                                                                        53
May 4, 2012


BlueFire Renewables, Inc.
31 Musick
Irvine, CA 92618

         Re: Registration Statement on Form S-1

Ladies and Gentlemen:

We have acted as outside counsel to BlueFire Renewables, Inc., a Nevada corporation (the “Company”), in connection with the preparation and
filing by the Company of a registration statement on Form S-1 (the “Registration Statement”) with the U.S. Securities and Exchange
Commission (the “Commission”) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), with respect to the registration of
5,500,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.001 per share (the “Common Stock”), that are issuable upon delivery of a put
notice (the “Notice”) granted to the Company pursuant to the terms and conditions of that certain Equity Facility Agreement, dated March 28,
2012, by and between the Company and TCA Global Credit Master Fund, LP (the “Agreement”). The shares of Common Stock issuable upon
delivery of the Notice are referred to herein as the “Shares.”

This opinion is being furnished in accordance with the requirements of Item 601(b)(5) of Regulation S-K under the Securities Act.

In connection with this opinion, we have examined and relied upon the originals or copies of such documents, corporate records, and other
instruments as we have deemed necessary or appropriate for the purpose of this opinion, including, without limitation, the following: (a) the
articles of incorporation of the Company; (b) the bylaws of the Company; (c) resolutions adopted by the board of directors of the Company
relating to the authorization and issuance of the Shares by the Company; (d) the Registration Statement, including all exhibits thereto; and (e)
the Agreement.

In our examination, we have assumed the genuineness of all signatures, the legal capacity of all natural persons, the authenticity of all
documents submitted to us as originals, the conformity to original documents of all documents submitted to us as certified or photostatic copies
and the authenticity of the originals of such documents, and the accuracy and completeness of the corporate records made available to us by the
Company. As to any facts material to the opinions expressed below, with your permission we have relied solely upon, without independent
verification or investigation of the accuracy or completeness thereof: (a) the representations and warranties contained in the Agreement; and (b)
certificates and oral or written statements and other information of or from public officials, officers or other representatives of the Company
and others. With your permission, we have assumed compliance on the part of all parties to the Agreement with their covenants and agreements
contained therein.

Based upon the foregoing, and in reliance thereon, we are of the opinion that the Shares covered by the Registration Statement when issued,
sold, delivered, and paid for as contemplated by the Registration Statement, will be validly issued, fully paid, and non-assessable shares of
Common Stock of the Company.

The opinion expressed herein is limited to the laws of the State of Nevada, including the Nevada Constitution, and all applicable statutory
provisions and reported judicial decisions interpreting those laws. This opinion is limited to the laws in effect as of the date that this
Registration Statement is declared effective by the Commission and is provided exclusively in connection with the public offering
contemplated by the Registration Statement.
We hereby consent to the filing of this opinion as an exhibit to the Registration Statement and to the reference of this firm under the caption
“Legal Matters” in the prospectus which is made part of the Registration Statement. In giving this consent, we do not thereby admit that we
come within the category of persons whose consent is required under Section 7 of the Securities Act or the rules and regulations of the
Commission thereunder.


                                                                                             Very truly yours,


                                                                                             LUCOSKY BROOKMAN LLP


                                                                                             /s/ Lucosky Brookman LLP
                                           COMMITTED EQUITY FACILITY AGREEMENT

        This Committed Equity Facility Agreement (the “ Agreement ”) is dated as of the 28 th day of March, 2012 the (“ Effective Date ”) by
and between TCA GLOBAL CREDIT MASTER FUND, LP , a Cayman Islands limited partnership (the “ Investor ”) and BLUEFIRE
RENEWABLES, INC. , a Nevada corporation (the “ Company ”).

                                                                  RECITALS

         WHEREAS , the parties desire that, upon the terms and subject to the conditions contained herein, the Company shall issue and sell
to the Investor, from time to time as provided herein, and the Investor shall purchase from the Company, up to $2,000,000 of the Company’s
common stock, $0.001 par value per share (the “ Common Stock ”); and

         WHEREAS , such investments will be made in reliance upon the provisions of Regulation D (“ Regulation D ”) of the Securities Act
of 1933, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder (collectively, the “ Securities Act ”), or upon such other exemption
from the registration requirements of the Securities Act as may be available with respect to any or all of the transactions to be entered into
hereunder;

         NOW, THEREFORE , in consideration of the premises and the mutual covenants of the parties hereinafter expressed and other good
and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which is hereby acknowledged, the parties hereto, each intending to be legally bound,
agree as follows:

                                                               ARTICLE I
                                                          CERTAIN DEFINITIONS

         For purposes of this Agreement, except as otherwise expressly provided or otherwise defined elsewhere in this Agreement, or unless
the context otherwise requires, the capitalized terms in this Agreement shall have the meanings assigned to them in this Article as follows:

         1.1      “ Advance ” shall mean the portion of the Commitment Amount requested by the Company in the Advance Notice.

       1.2        “ Advance Fee ” shall mean an amount in United States funds equal to six percent (6%) of the gross amount of each
Advance.

      1.3       “ Advance Notice ” shall mean a written notice in the form of Exhibit “A” attached hereto, executed by an officer of the
Company and delivered to the Investor and setting forth the Advance amount that the Company requests from the Investor.

         1.4      “ Advance Notice Date ” shall mean each date the Company delivers (in accordance with Section 2.1(b) of this Agreement)
to the Investor an Advance Notice requiring the Investor to advance funds to the Company, subject to the terms of this Agreement. No
Advance Notice Date will be less than five (5) Trading Days after the immediately prior Advance Notice Date given by the Company, if any.


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        1.5       “ Advance Settlement Date ” shall mean the third (3 rd ) Trading Day after the relevant Pricing Period, or such earlier day
as may be available for settlement.

        1.6       “ Affiliate ” shall have the meaning set forth in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

        1.7       “ Agreement ” shall have the meaning set forth in the preamble paragraph hereto.

        1.8       “ By-Laws ” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 4.4.

        1.9       “ Certificate of Incorporation ” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 4.4.

        1.10       “ Claims ” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 5.1.

        1.11       “ Closing ” shall mean one of the closings of a purchase and sale of Common Stock pursuant to Section 2.2.

         1.12     “ Commitment Amount ” shall mean the aggregate amount of up to $2,000,000 which the Investor has agreed to provide
to the Company in order to purchase the Shares pursuant to the terms and conditions of this Agreement.

         1.13      “ Commitment Period ” shall mean the period commencing on the Effective Date, and expiring upon the termination of
this Agreement in accordance with Section 10.2.

        1.14       “ Common Stock ” shall have the meaning set forth in the recitals of this Agreement.

        1.15       “ Company ” shall have the meaning set forth in the preamble paragraph hereto.

        1.16       “ Company Indemnitees ” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 5.2.

        1.17       “ Condition Satisfaction Date ” shall have the meaning set forth in Article VII.

        1.18       “ Consolidation Event ” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 6.9.

        1.19       “ Effective Date ” shall mean the date of this Agreement set forth in the introductory paragraph of this Agreement.

        1.20       “ Environmental Laws ” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 4.9.

        1.21       “ Exchange Act ” shall mean the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated
thereunder.

        1.22       “ Facility Fee Shares ” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 12.4(d).

        1.23       “ Indemnified Liabilities ” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 5.1.

        1.24       “ Indemnitee ” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 5.3.


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        1.25       “ Indemnitor ” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 5.3.

        1.26       “ Investor ” shall have the meaning set forth in the preamble paragraph hereto.

        1.27       “ Investor Indemnitees ” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 5.1.

        1.28       “ Market Price ” shall mean the lowest daily VWAP of the Common Stock during the relevant Pricing Period.

         1.29       “ Material Adverse Effect ” shall mean any condition, circumstance, or situation that has resulted in, or would reasonably
be expected to result in: (i) a material adverse effect on the legality, validity or enforceability of this Agreement or the transactions
contemplated herein; (ii) a material adverse effect on the results of operations, assets, business or condition (financial or otherwise) of the
Company, taken as a whole; or (iii) a material adverse effect on the Company’s ability to perform in any material respect on a timely basis its
obligations under this Agreement.

         1.30      “ Maximum Advance Amount ” shall mean, for each Advance Notice, the greater of: (i) an amount calculated by
multiplying the Market Price applicable to the relevant Advance Notice, multiplied by 200,000 Shares; or (ii) two hundred percent (200%) of
the average daily volume of shares of Common Stock traded during the immediately preceding five (5) consecutive trading days applicable to
the relevant Advance Notice.

        1.31       “ Nine Month Valuation Date ” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 12.4(d).

        1.32       “ Ownership Limitation ” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.1(a).

         1.33     “ Person ” shall mean an individual, a corporation, a partnership, an association, a trust or other entity or organization,
including a government or political subdivision or an agency or instrumentality thereof.

        1.34       “ Preferred Stock ” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 4.4.

        1.35       “ Pricing Period ” shall mean the five (5) consecutive Trading Days after the Advance Notice Date.

         1.36      “ Principal Market ” shall mean the Nasdaq Global Select Market, the Nasdaq Global Market, the Nasdaq Capital Market,
the OTC Bulletin Board, the OTC Markets, the NYSE Euronext or the New York Stock Exchange, whichever is at the time the principal
trading exchange or market for the Common Stock.

        1.37       “ Purchase Price ” shall be set at ninety-five percent (95%) of the Market Price during the Pricing Period.


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         1.38       “ Registrable Securities ” shall mean: (i) the Shares; and (ii) any securities issued or issuable with respect to the Shares by
way of exchange, stock dividend or stock split or in connection with a combination of shares, recapitalization, merger, consolidation or other
reorganization or otherwise. As to any particular Registrable Securities, once issued such securities shall cease to be Registrable Securities
when: (a) the Registration Statement has been declared effective by the SEC and such Registrable Securities have been disposed of pursuant to
the Registration Statement; (b) such Registrable Securities have been sold under circumstances under which all of the applicable conditions of
Rule 144 (or any similar provision then in force) under the Securities Act (“ Rule 144 ”) are met; or (c) in the opinion of counsel to the
Company such Registrable Securities may permanently be sold without registration or without any time, volume or manner of sale limitations
pursuant to Rule 144.

          1.39       “ Registration Rights Agreement ” shall mean the Registration Rights Agreement dated the date hereof, regarding the
filing of the Registration Statement for the resale of the Registrable Securities, entered into between the Company and the Investor.

          1.40       “ Registration Statement ” shall mean a registration statement on Form S-1 or Form S-3 or on such other form
promulgated by the SEC for which the Company then qualifies and which counsel for the Company shall deem appropriate, and which form
shall be available for the registration of the resale by the Investor of the Registrable Securities under the Securities Act.

         1.41       “ Regulation D ” shall have the meaning set forth in the recitals of this Agreement.

         1.42       “ SEC ” shall mean the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.

         1.43       “ SEC Documents ” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 4.3.

         1.44       “ Securities Act ” shall have the meaning set forth in the recitals of this Agreement.

         1.45       “ Settlement Document ” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.2(a).

         1.46       “ Share Value ” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 12.4(d).

         1.47       “ Shares ” shall mean the shares of Common Stock to be issued from time to time hereunder pursuant to Advances.

         1.48       “ Trading Day ” shall mean any day during which the Principal Market shall be open for business.

         1.49       “ Valuation Date ” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 12.4(d).

         1.50      “ VWAP ” means, for any Trading Day, the daily volume weighted average price of the Common Stock for such date on
the Principal Market as reported by Bloomberg L.P. (based on a Trading Day from 9:00 a.m. (New York City time) to 4:02 p.m. (New York
City time)).

                                                                  ARTICLE II
                                                                  ADVANCES

         2.1         Advances; Mechanics . Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement (including, without limitation, the conditions
of Article VII hereof), the Company, at its sole and exclusive option, may issue and sell to the Investor, and the Investor shall purchase from
the Company, shares of Common Stock on the following terms:


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                  (a)        Advance Notice . At any time during the Commitment Period, the Company may require the Investor to purchase
shares of Common Stock by delivering an Advance Notice to the Investor, subject to the conditions set forth in Article VII; provided, however,
that: (i) the amount for each Advance as designated by the Company in the applicable Advance Notice shall not be more than the Maximum
Advance Amount; (ii) the aggregate amount of the Advances pursuant to this Agreement shall not exceed the Commitment Amount; (iii) in no
event shall the number of Shares issuable to the Investor pursuant to an Advance cause the aggregate number of Shares beneficially owned (as
calculated pursuant to Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act) by the Investor and its Affiliates to exceed 9.99% of the then outstanding Common
Stock (the “ Ownership Limitation ”); and (iv) in no event shall the aggregate offering price or number of Shares, as the case may be, exceed
the aggregate offering price or number of Shares, as the case may be, available for issuance under the Registration Statement (the “
Registration Limitation ”) . Notwithstanding any other provision in this Agreement, the Company acknowledges and agrees that upon receipt
of an Advance Notice, the Investor may sell Shares that it is unconditionally obligated to purchase under such Advance Notice prior to taking
possession of such Shares.

                  (b)        Date of Delivery of Advance Notice . Advance Notices shall be delivered in accordance with the instructions set
forth on the bottom of Exhibit “A” . An Advance Notice shall be deemed delivered on: (i) the Trading Day it is received by the Investor, if
such Advance Notice is received prior to 5:00 pm, Eastern Time; or (ii) the immediately succeeding Trading Day if such Advance Notice is
received by Investor after 5:00 pm, Eastern Time, on a Trading Day or at any time on a day which is not a Trading Day. No Advance Notice
may be deemed delivered on a day that is not a Trading Day. The Company may not deliver an Advance Notice to Investor unless at least five
(5) Trading Days have elapsed since the immediately preceding Advance Notice Date.

                  (c)        Ownership Limitation . In connection with each Advance Notice delivered by the Company, any portion of an
Advance that would cause the Investor to exceed the Ownership Limitation shall automatically be deemed to be withdrawn by the Company
with no further action required by the Company.

                  (d)      Registration Limitation . In connection with each Advance Notice, any portion of an Advance that would cause
the Investor to exceed the Registration Limitation shall automatically be deemed to be withdrawn by the Company with no further action
required by the Company.

        2.2       Closings . Each Closing shall take place on the Advance Settlement Date in accordance with the procedures set forth
below. In connection with each Closing, the Company and the Investor shall fulfill each of its obligations as set forth below:

                   (a)      Within one (1) Trading Day after the expiration of the Pricing Period applicable with respect to an Advance Notice,
the Investor shall deliver to the Company a written document (each a “ Settlement Document ”) setting forth: (i) the amount of the Advance
(taking into account any adjustments pursuant to Section 2.1 above); (ii) the Purchase Price; (iii) the Market Price (as supported by a report by
Bloomberg L.P. indicating the VWAP for each of the Trading Days during the Pricing Period); and (iv) the number of Shares to be issued and
subscribed for in connection with the applicable Advance (which in no event will be greater than the Ownership Limitation or the Registration
Limitation), in each case taking into account the terms and conditions of this Agreement. The Settlement Document shall be in the form
attached hereto as Exhibit “B” .


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                   (b)      Upon receipt of the Settlement Document with respect to each Advance, the Company shall, by promptly (and in
any event not later than one (1) Trading Day after receipt) signing the Settlement Document and returning it to the Investor, confirm that it has
obtained all permits and qualifications, if any, required for the issuance and transfer of the Shares applicable to such Advance, or shall have the
availability of exemptions therefrom, and that the sale and issuance of such Shares shall be legally permitted by all laws and regulations to
which the Company is subject. Execution of the Settlement Document by the Company shall also be deemed a representation by the Company
that all conditions to an Advance under Article VII have been fully satisfied in all material respects as of each Condition Satisfaction Date.

                    (c)      On each Advance Settlement Date, the Company will, or will cause its transfer agent to, electronically transfer such
number of Shares registered in the name of the Investor as shall equal: (i) the amount of the Advance specified in such Advance Notice and
confirmed in the Settlement Document signed by the Company (as may be reduced according to the terms of this Agreement); divided by
(ii) the Purchase Price, by crediting the Investor’s account or its designee’s account at the Depository Trust Company through its Deposit
Withdrawal Agent Commission System or by such other means of delivery as may be mutually agreed upon by the parties hereto (which in all
cases shall be freely tradable, registered shares in good deliverable form, covered by an effective Registration Statement pursuant to which the
Investor is permitted to resell such Shares) against payment of the Purchase Price in same day funds to an account designated by the
Company. In the event the Shares cannot be delivered through the Deposit Withdrawal Agent Commission System, then the Company shall
cause its transfer agent, on each Advance Settlement Date, to issue and surrender to a common carrier for overnight delivery to the Investor,
certificates, registered in the name of the Investor or its designees, representing the Shares applicable to such Advance. No fractional shares
shall be issued, and any fractional amounts shall be rounded to the next higher whole number of Shares. Any certificates evidencing Shares
delivered pursuant hereto shall be free of restrictive legends.

                   (d)      On or prior to the Advance Settlement Date, each of the Company and the Investor shall deliver to the other, as
applicable, all documents, instruments and writings required to be delivered by either of them pursuant to this Agreement in order to implement
and effect the transactions contemplated herein.

         2.3        Hardship . In the event the Investor sells shares of the Company’s Common Stock after receipt of an Advance Notice and
the Company fails to perform its obligations as mandated in Section 2.2, the Company agrees that in addition to and in no way limiting the
rights and obligations set forth in Article V hereto, and in addition to any other remedy to which the Investor is entitled at law or in equity,
including, without limitation, specific performance, the Investor shall be entitled to an injunction or injunctions to prevent such breaches of this
Agreement and to specifically enforce, without the posting of a bond or other security, the terms and provisions of this Agreement.

                                                          ARTICLE III
                                         REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF INVESTOR

         Investor hereby represents and warrants to, and agrees with, the Company that the following are true and correct as of the date hereof:


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         3.1        Organization and Authorization . The Investor is duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the laws of
the Cayman Islands and has all requisite power and authority to purchase and hold the Shares. The decision to invest and the execution and
delivery of this Agreement by such Investor, the performance by such Investor of its obligations hereunder and the consummation by such
Investor of the transactions contemplated hereby have been duly authorized and requires no other proceedings on the part of the Investor. The
undersigned has the right, power and authority to execute and deliver this Agreement and all other instruments on behalf of the Investor. This
Agreement has been duly executed and delivered by the Investor and, assuming the execution and delivery hereof and acceptance thereof by
the Company, will constitute the legal, valid and binding obligations of the Investor, enforceable against the Investor in accordance with its
terms.

          3.2       Evaluation of Risks . The Investor has such knowledge and experience in financial, tax and business matters as to be
capable of evaluating the merits and risks of, and bearing the economic risks entailed by, an investment in the Company and of protecting its
interests in connection with this transaction. It recognizes that its investment in the Company involves a high degree of risk.

          3.3        Investment Purpose . The securities are being purchased by the Investor for its own account, and for investment
purposes. The Investor agrees not to assign or in any way transfer the Investor’s rights to the securities or any interest therein and
acknowledges that the Company will not recognize any purported assignment or transfer except in accordance with applicable Federal and state
securities laws. No other person has or will have a direct or indirect beneficial interest in the securities. The Investor agrees not to sell,
hypothecate or otherwise transfer the Investor’s securities unless the securities are registered under Federal and applicable state securities laws
or unless, in the opinion of counsel satisfactory to the Company, an exemption from such laws is available.

         3.4       Investor Status . The Investor is an “ Accredited Investor ” as that term is defined in Rule 501(a)(3) of Regulation D of the
Securities Act.

          3.5       No Legal Advice From the Company . The Investor acknowledges that it had the opportunity to review this Agreement and
the transactions contemplated by this Agreement with its own legal counsel and investment and tax advisors. The Investor is relying solely on
such counsel and advisors and not on any statements or representations of the Company or any of the Company’s representatives or agents for
legal, tax or investment advice with respect to this investment, the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or the securities laws of any
jurisdiction.

        3.6         Not an Affiliate . The Investor is not an officer, director or a Person that directly or indirectly, through one or more
intermediaries, controls or is controlled by, or is under common control with the Company or any Affiliate of the Company.

         3.7        Trading Activities . The Investor’s trading activities with respect to the Company’s Common Stock shall be in compliance
with all applicable federal and state securities laws, rules and regulations and the rules and regulations of the Principal Market on which the
Common Stock is listed or traded. Neither the Investor nor its Affiliates has an open short position in the Common Stock, and the Investor
agrees that it shall not, and that it will cause its Affiliates not to engage in any short sales of the Common Stock during the Commitment
Period; provided that the Company acknowledges and agrees that upon receipt of an Advance Notice the Investor has the right to sell the
Shares to be issued to the Investor pursuant to the Advance Notice prior to receiving such Shares, subject to the limitations set forth in this
Section.


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                                                        ARTICLE IV
                                      REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE COMPANY

                   Except as stated below, on the disclosure schedules attached hereto, if any, or in the SEC Documents, the Company hereby
represents and warrants to the Investor that the following are true and correct as of the Effective Date:

          4.1       SEC Documents; Financial Statements . The Common Stock is registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act
and the Company has timely filed all reports, schedules, forms, statements and other documents required to be filed by it with the SEC under
the Exchange Act (all of the foregoing filed within the two (2) years preceding the date hereof or amended after the date hereof and all exhibits
included therein and financial statements and schedules thereto and documents incorporated by reference therein, being hereinafter referred to
as the “ SEC Documents ”). The Company is current with its filing obligations under the Exchange Act and all SEC Documents have been
filed on a timely basis or the Company has received a valid extension of such time of filing and has filed any such SEC Document prior to the
expiration of any such extension. As of their respective dates, the SEC Documents complied in all material respects with the requirements of
the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations of the SEC promulgated thereunder applicable to the SEC Documents, and none of the SEC
Documents, at the time they were filed with the SEC, contained any untrue statement of a material fact or omitted to state a material fact
required to be stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made,
not misleading. As of their respective dates, the financial statements of the Company included in the SEC Documents complied as to form in all
material respects with applicable accounting requirements and the published rules and regulations of the SEC with respect thereto. Such
financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, consistently applied, during the periods
involved (except: (i) as may be otherwise indicated in such financial statements or the notes thereto; or (ii) in the case of unaudited interim
statements, to the extent they may exclude footnotes or may be condensed or summary statements) and fairly present the financial position of
the Company as of the dates thereof and the results of its operations and cash flows for the periods then ended (subject, in the case of unaudited
statements, to normal year-end audit adjustments). No other information provided by or on behalf of the Company to the Investor which is not
included in the SEC Documents contains any untrue statement of a material fact or omits to state any material fact necessary in order to make
the statements therein, in the light of the circumstance under which they are or were made, not misleading.

          4.2       Organization and Qualification . The Company is duly incorporated, validly existing and in good standing under the laws
of the jurisdiction of its incorporation and has all requisite corporate power to own its properties and to carry on its business as now being
conducted. Each of the Company and its subsidiaries is duly qualified as a foreign corporation to do business and is in good standing in every
jurisdiction in which the nature of the business conducted by it makes such qualification necessary, except to the extent that the failure to be so
qualified or be in good standing would not have a Material Adverse Effect.


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         4.3       Authorization, Enforcement, Compliance with Other Instruments . (i) The Company has the requisite corporate power and
authority to enter into and perform this Agreement and any related agreements, in accordance with the terms hereof and thereof; (ii) the
execution and delivery of this Agreement and any related agreements by the Company and the consummation by it of the transactions
contemplated hereby and thereby, have been duly authorized by the Company’s Board of Directors and no further consent or authorization is
required by the Company, its Board of Directors or its stockholders; (iii) this Agreement and any related agreements have been duly executed
and delivered by the Company; (iv) this Agreement and assuming the execution and delivery thereof and acceptance by the Investor, any
related agreements, constitute the valid and binding obligations of the Company enforceable against the Company in accordance with their
terms, except as such enforceability may be limited by general principles of equity or applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization,
moratorium, liquidation or similar laws relating to, or affecting generally, the enforcement of creditors’ rights and remedies.

          4.4        Capitalization . The authorized capital stock of the Company consists of 100,000,000 shares of Common Stock and
1,000,000 shares of the Company’s preferred stock, of which 32,415,662 shares of Common Stock are issued and outstanding as of the date
hereof. There is no preferred stock issued or outstanding as of the date hereof. All of such outstanding shares have been validly issued and are
fully paid and nonassessable. The Common Stock is currently quoted on the OTC Bulletin Board under the trading symbol “BFRE.ob” Except
as disclosed in the SEC Documents, no shares of Common Stock are subject to preemptive rights or any other similar rights or any liens or
encumbrances suffered or permitted by the Company. Except as disclosed in the SEC Documents, as of the date hereof: (i) there are no
outstanding options, warrants, scrip, rights to subscribe to, calls or commitments of any character whatsoever relating to, or securities or rights
convertible into, any shares of capital stock of the Company or any of its subsidiaries, or contracts, commitments, understandings or
arrangements by which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is or may become bound to issue additional shares of capital stock of the
Company or any of its subsidiaries, or options, warrants, scrip, rights to subscribe to, calls or commitments of any character whatsoever relating
to, or securities or rights convertible into, any shares of capital stock of the Company or any of its subsidiaries; (ii) there are no outstanding
debt securities; (iii) there are no outstanding registration statements; and (iv) there are no agreements or arrangements under which the
Company or any of its subsidiaries is obligated to register the sale of any of their securities under the Securities Act (except pursuant to this
Agreement). There are no securities or instruments containing anti-dilution or similar provisions that will be triggered by this Agreement or
any related agreement or the consummation of the transactions described herein or therein. The Company has furnished or made available to
the Investor true and correct copies of the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation, as amended and as in effect on the date hereof (the “
Certificate of Incorporation ”), and the Company’s By-laws, as in effect on the date hereof (the “ By-laws ”), and the terms of all securities
convertible into or exercisable for Common Stock and the material rights of the holders thereof in respect thereto.


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          4.5       No Conflict . The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement by the Company and the consummation by the
Company of the transactions contemplated hereby will not: (i) result in a violation of the Certificate of Incorporation, any certificate of
designations of any outstanding series of Preferred Stock of the Company or By-laws; or (ii) conflict with or constitute a default (or an event
which with notice or lapse of time or both would become a default) under, or give to others any rights of termination, amendment, acceleration
or cancellation of, any agreement, indenture or instrument to which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is a party, or result in a violation of
any law, rule, regulation, order, judgment or decree (including federal and state securities laws and regulations and the rules and regulations of
the Principal Market on which the Common Stock is quoted) applicable to the Company or any of its subsidiaries or by which any material
property or asset of the Company is bound or affected and which would cause a Material Adverse Effect. Except as disclosed in the SEC
Documents, neither the Company nor its subsidiaries is in violation of any term of or in default under its Certificate of Incorporation or
By-laws or their organizational charter or by-laws, respectively, or any material contract, agreement, mortgage, indebtedness, indenture,
instrument, judgment, decree or order or any statute, rule or regulation applicable to the Company or its subsidiaries that would cause a
Material Adverse Effect. The business of the Company and its subsidiaries is not being conducted in violation of any material law, ordinance
or regulation of any governmental entity. Except as specifically contemplated by this Agreement and as required under the Securities Act and
any applicable state securities laws, the Company is not required to obtain any consent, authorization or order of, or make any filing or
registration with, any court or governmental agency in order for it to execute, deliver or perform any of its obligations under or contemplated
by this Agreement in accordance with the terms hereof or thereof. All consents, authorization, orders, filings and registrations which the
Company is required to make or obtain pursuant to the preceding sentence have been obtained or effected on or prior to the date hereof. The
Company and its subsidiaries are not aware of any fact or circumstance which might give rise to any of the foregoing.

         4.6        No Default . Except as disclosed in the SEC Documents, the Company is not in default in the performance or observance
of any material obligation, agreement, covenant or condition contained in any indenture, mortgage, deed of trust or other material instrument or
agreement to which it is a party or by which it is or its property is bound, and neither the execution, nor the delivery by the Company, nor the
performance by the Company of its obligations under this Agreement or any of the exhibits or attachments hereto, will conflict with or result in
the breach or violation of any of the terms or provisions of, or constitute a default or result in the creation or imposition of any lien or charge on
any assets or properties of the Company, under its Certificate of Incorporation, By-Laws, any material indenture, mortgage, deed of trust or
other material agreement applicable to the Company or instrument to which the Company is a party or by which it is bound, or any statute, or
any decree, judgment, order, rules or regulation of any court or governmental agency or body having jurisdiction over the Company or its
properties, in each case which default, lien or charge is likely to cause a Material Adverse Effect.

          4.7       Intellectual Property Rights . The Company and its subsidiaries own or possess adequate rights or licenses to use all
material trademarks, trade names, service marks, service mark registrations, service names, patents, patent rights, copyrights, inventions,
licenses, approvals, governmental authorizations, trade secrets and rights necessary to conduct their respective businesses as now
conducted. The Company and its subsidiaries do not have any knowledge of any infringement by the Company or its subsidiaries of trademark,
trade name rights, patents, patent rights, copyrights, inventions, licenses, service names, service marks, service mark registrations, trade secret
or other similar rights of others, and, to the knowledge of the Company, there is no claim, action or proceeding being made or brought against,
or to the Company’s knowledge, being threatened against the Company or its subsidiaries, regarding trademark, trade name, patents, patent
rights, invention, copyright, license, service names, service marks, service mark registrations, trade secret or other infringement; and the
Company is not aware of any facts or circumstances which might give rise to any of the foregoing.


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       4.8         Employee Relations . Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries is involved in any labor dispute nor, to the
knowledge of the Company or any of its subsidiaries, is any such dispute threatened. None of the Company’s or its subsidiaries’ employees is
a member of a union and the Company and its subsidiaries believe that their relations with their employees are good.

         4.9          Environmental Laws . The Company and its subsidiaries are: (i) in compliance with any and all applicable material
foreign, federal, state and local laws and regulations relating to the protection of human health and safety, the environment or hazardous or
toxic substances or wastes, pollutants or contaminants (“ Environmental Laws ”); (ii) have received all permits, licenses or other approvals
required of them under applicable Environmental Laws to conduct their respective businesses; and (iii) are in compliance with all terms and
conditions of any such permit, license or approval, in each case except where such noncompliance or nonreceipt would not, individually or in
the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect.

         4.10        Title . Except as set forth in the SEC Documents, the Company has good and marketable title to its properties and
material assets owned by it, free and clear of any pledge, lien, security interest, encumbrance, claim or equitable interest, other than such as are
not material to the business of the Company. Any real property and facilities held under lease by the Company and its subsidiaries are held by
them under valid, subsisting and enforceable leases with such exceptions as are not material and do not interfere with the use made and
proposed to be made of such property and buildings by the Company and its subsidiaries.

          4.11       Insurance . The Company and each of its subsidiaries are insured by insurers of recognized financial responsibility against
such losses and risks and in such amounts as management of the Company believes to be prudent and customary for similarly situated
companies in the businesses in which the Company and its subsidiaries are engaged. The Company has not been refused any insurance
coverage sought or applied for and the Company does not have any reason to believe that it will not be able to renew its existing insurance
coverage as and when such coverage expires or to obtain similar coverage from similar insurers as may be necessary to continue its business at
a cost that would not have a Material Adverse Effect.

         4.12        Regulatory Permits . The Company and its subsidiaries possess all material certificates, authorizations and permits issued
by the appropriate federal, state or foreign regulatory authorities necessary to conduct their respective businesses, and neither the Company nor
any such subsidiary has received any notice of proceedings relating to the revocation or modification of any such certificate, authorization or
permit.

         4.13          Internal Accounting Controls . The Company and each of its subsidiaries maintain a system of internal accounting
controls sufficient to provide reasonable assurance that: (i) transactions are executed in accordance with management’s general or specific
authorizations; (ii) transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted
accounting principles and to maintain asset accountability; (iii) access to assets is permitted only in accordance with management’s general or
specific authorization; and (iv) the recorded accountability for assets is compared with the existing assets at reasonable intervals and
appropriate action is taken with respect to any differences.


                                                                        11
         4.14        No Material Adverse Breaches, etc . Except as set forth in the SEC Documents, neither the Company nor any of its
subsidiaries is subject to any charter, corporate or other legal restriction, or any judgment, decree, order, rule or regulation which, in the
judgment of the Company’s officers, has or is expected in the future to have a Material Adverse Effect on the Company or its subsidiaries,
taken as a whole.

         4.15        Absence of Litigation . Except as set forth in the SEC Documents, there is no action, suit, proceeding, inquiry or
investigation before or by any court, public board, government agency, self-regulatory organization or body pending against or affecting the
Company, the Common Stock or any of the Company’s subsidiaries, wherein an unfavorable decision, ruling or finding would have a Material
Adverse Effect.

          4.16        Subsidiaries . Except as disclosed in the SEC Documents, the Company does not presently own or control, directly or
indirectly, any interest in any other Person.

          4.17        Tax Status . Except as disclosed in the SEC Documents, the Company and each of its subsidiaries has made or filed all
foreign, federal and state income and all other tax returns, reports and declarations required by any jurisdiction to which it is subject and (unless
and only to the extent that the Company and each of its subsidiaries has set aside on its books provisions reasonably adequate for the payment
of all unpaid and unreported taxes) has paid all taxes and other governmental assessments and charges that are material in amount, shown or
determined to be due on such returns, reports and declarations, except those being contested in good faith, and the Company and its subsidiaries
have set aside on their respective books provision reasonably adequate for the payment of all taxes for periods subsequent to the periods to
which such returns, reports or declarations apply. There are no unpaid taxes in any material amount claimed to be due by the taxing authority
of any jurisdiction, and the officers of the Company know of no basis for any such claim.

          4.18        Certain Transactions . Except as set forth in the SEC Documents, none of the officers, directors, or employees of the
Company is presently a party to any transaction with the Company (other than for services as employees, officers and directors), including any
contract, agreement or other arrangement providing for the furnishing of services to or by, providing for rental of real or personal property to or
from, or otherwise requiring payments to or from any officer, director or such employee or, to the knowledge of the Company, any corporation,
partnership, trust or other entity in which any officer, director, or any such employee has a substantial interest or is an officer, director, trustee
or partner.

          4.19       The Shares . The Shares have been duly authorized and, when issued, delivered and paid for pursuant to this Agreement,
will be validly issued and fully paid and non-assessable, free and clear of all liens, claims and encumbrances of any nature or kind, and will be
issued in compliance with all applicable United States federal and state securities laws. The capital stock of the Company, including the
Common Stock, shall conform in all material respects to the description thereof to be contained in the Registration Statement. Neither the
stockholders of the Company, nor any other Person, have any preemptive rights or rights of first refusal with respect to the Shares or, except as
set forth in the SEC Documents, other rights to purchase or receive any of the Shares or any other securities or assets of the Company, and no
Person has the right, contractual or otherwise, to cause the Company to issue to it, or register pursuant to the Securities Act, any shares of
capital stock or other securities or assets of the Company upon the issuance or sale of the Shares. The Company is not obligated to offer the
Shares on a right of first refusal basis or otherwise to any third parties including, without limitation, to current or former shareholders of the
Company, underwriters, brokers, or agents.


                                                                         12
        4.20        Dilution . The Company is aware and acknowledges that issuance of the Shares could cause dilution to existing
shareholders and could significantly increase the outstanding number of shares of Common Stock.

         4.21        Acknowledgment Regarding Investor’s Purchase of Shares . The Company acknowledges and agrees that the Investor is
acting solely in the capacity of an arm’s length investor with respect to this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereunder. The
Company further acknowledges that the Investor is not acting as a financial advisor or fiduciary of the Company (or in any similar capacity)
with respect to this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereunder and any advice given by the Investor or any of its representatives
or agents in connection with this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereunder is merely incidental to the Investor’s purchase of the
Shares hereunder. The Company is aware and acknowledges that it may not be able to request Advances under this Agreement until a
Registration Statement becomes effective, and only in compliance with the rules of the Principal Market. The Company further is aware and
acknowledges that any fees paid or shares issued pursuant to Section 12.4 hereunder shall be earned as of the Effective Date and are not
refundable or returnable under any circumstances.

                                                                 ARTICLE V
                                                              INDEMNIFICATION

                  The Investor and the Company covenant to the other the following with respect to itself:

         5.1        Indemnification by the Company . In consideration of the Investor’s execution and delivery of this Agreement, and in
addition to all of the Company’s other obligations under this Agreement, the Company shall, and does hereby agree to, defend, protect,
indemnify and hold harmless the Investor, and all of the Investor’s affiliates and subsidiaries, and each Person who controls the Investor within
the meaning of Section 15 of the Securities Act or Section 20 of the Exchange Act, and the officers, directors, partners, members, employees
and agents of each of them (collectively, the “ Investor Indemnitees ”), from and against any and all actions, causes of action, suits, claims,
demands, threats and proceedings (collectively, the “ Claims ”), and the Company agrees to reimburse the Investor Indemnitees, or any of
them, for any and all losses, costs, penalties, fees, liabilities, obligations, judgments, expenses, and damages, including, without limitation,
reasonable attorneys’ fees, paralegals’ fees and other costs, expenses and disbursements reasonably incurred by the Investor Indemnities, or any
of them, in connection with investigating, defending or settling any such Claims, including such expenses incurred throughout all trial and
appellate levels and administrative and bankruptcy proceedings (collectively, the “ Indemnified Liabilities ”), suffered or incurred by the
Investor Indemnitees, or any of them, as a result of, or arising out of, or relating to: (a) any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a
material fact contained in the Registration Statement for the registration of the Shares as originally filed or in any amendment thereof, or in any
related prospectus, or in supplement, or in any amendment thereof or supplement thereto, or arising out of or which are based upon the
omission or alleged omission to state therein a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not
misleading; provided , however , that the Company will not be liable in any such case to the extent that any such Indemnified Liabilities arise
out of or are based upon any such untrue statement or alleged untrue statement or omission or alleged omission made therein in reliance upon
and in conformity with written information furnished to the Company by or on behalf of the Investor specifically for inclusion therein; (b) any
misrepresentation or breach of any representation or warranty made by the Company in this Agreement or any other certificate, instrument or
document contemplated hereby or thereby; (c) any breach of any covenant, agreement or obligation of the Company contained in this
Agreement or any other certificate, instrument or document contemplated hereby or thereby; and (d) any Claim brought or made against the
Investor Indemnitees, or any of them, not arising out of any action or inaction of an Investor Indemnitee, and arising out of or resulting from
the execution, delivery, performance or enforcement of this Agreement or any other instrument, document or agreement executed pursuant
hereto or thereto by any of the Investor Indemnitees. To the extent that the foregoing undertaking by the Company may be unenforceable for
any reason, the Company shall make the maximum contribution to the payment and satisfaction of each of the Indemnified Liabilities, which is
permissible under applicable law.


                                                                        13
           5.2       Indemnification by Investor . In consideration of the Company’s execution and delivery of this Agreement, and in addition
to all of the Investor’s other obligations under this Agreement, the Investor shall, and does hereby agree to, defend, protect, indemnify and hold
harmless the Company, and all of the Company’s subsidiaries, and each Person who controls the Company within the meaning of Section 15 of
the Securities Act or Section 20 of the Exchange Act, and the officers, directors, partners, members, employees and agents of each of them
(collectively, the “ Company Indemnitees ”), from and against any and all Claims, and the Investor agrees to reimburse the Company
Indemnitees, or any of them, for any and all Indemnified Liabilities, suffered or incurred by the Company Indemnitees, or any of them, as a
result of, or arising out of, or relating to: (a) any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a material fact contained in the Registration
Statement for the registration of the Shares as originally filed or in any amendment thereof, or in any related prospectus, or in any amendment
thereof or supplement thereto, or arising out of or which are based upon the omission or alleged omission to state therein a material fact
required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, but only to the extent that any such untrue statement or
alleged untrue statement or omission or alleged omission was in connection with information furnished to the Company by Investor specifically
for inclusion therein; provided , however , that the Investor will not be liable in any such case to the extent that any such Indemnified Liabilities
arise out of or are based upon any such untrue statement or alleged untrue statement or omission or alleged omission made therein by the
Company; (b) any misrepresentation or breach of any representation or warranty made by the Investor in this Agreement or any other
certificate, instrument or document contemplated hereby or thereby; (c) any breach of any covenant, agreement or obligation of the Investor
contained in this Agreement or any other certificate, instrument or document contemplated hereby or thereby; and (d) any Claim brought or
made against the Company Indemnitees, or any of them, not arising out of any action or inaction of a Company Indemnitee, and arising out of
or resulting from the execution, delivery, performance or enforcement of this Agreement or any other instrument, document or agreement
executed pursuant hereto or thereto by any of the Company Indemnitees. To the extent that the foregoing undertaking by the Investor may be
unenforceable for any reason, the Investor shall make the maximum contribution to the payment and satisfaction of each of the Indemnified
Liabilities, which is permissible under applicable law.


                                                                         14
          5.3        Notice of Claim . For purposes of this Article V, a party that is subject to a Claim and entitled to indemnification hereunder
is sometimes hereinafter referred to as the “ Indemnitee ,” and the party having the obligation to indemnify the other is sometimes hereinafter
referred to as the “ Indemnitor .” Promptly after receipt by an Indemnitee of notice of the commencement of any Claim involving an
Indemnified Liability, such Indemnitee shall, if an Indemnified Liability in respect thereof is to be made against any Indemnitor, deliver to the
Indemnitor a written notice of the commencement thereof; provided, however, that the failure to so notify the Indemnitor: (i) will not relieve
the Indemnitor of liability under this Article V, unless and to the extent the Indemnitor did not otherwise learn of such Claim and such failure
results in the forfeiture by the Indemnitor of substantial rights and defenses; and (ii) will not, in any event, relieve the Indemnitor from any
obligations to the Indemnitee, other than those indemnity obligations provided in this Article V. In the case of parties indemnified pursuant to
Section 5.1 above, counsel to the Indemnitee shall be selected by the Company, and, in the case of parties indemnified pursuant to Section 5.2
above, counsel to the Indemnitee shall be selected by the Investor. An Indemnitor may participate, at its own expense, in the defense of any
such Claim; provided , however , that counsel to the Indemnitor shall not (except with the consent of the Indemnitee) also be counsel to the
Indemnitee. In no event shall the Indemnitor be liable for fees and expenses of more than one counsel (in addition to any local counsel)
separate from their own counsel for all Indemnitees in connection with any one action or separate but similar or related actions in the same
jurisdiction arising out of the same general allegations or circumstances. The Indemnitee shall cooperate fully with the Indemnitor in
connection with any negotiation or defense of any Claim, and the Indemnitee shall furnish to the Indemnitor all information reasonably
available to the Indemnitee which relates to such Claim. The Indemnitor shall keep the Indemnitee fully apprised at all times as to the status of
the defense or any settlement negotiations with respect thereto. An Indemnitor will not, without the prior written consent of the Indemnitee,
settle or compromise or consent to the entry of any judgment with respect to any pending or threatened Claim in respect of which
indemnification or contribution may be sought under this Agreement (whether or not the Indemnitees are actual or potential parties to such
Claim) unless: (i) such settlement, compromise or consent includes an unconditional release of each Indemnitee from all liability arising out of
such Claim; and (ii) such settlement, compromise or consent does not include a statement as to or an admission of fault, culpability or a failure
to act by or on behalf of any Indemnitee. Following indemnification as provided for hereunder, the Indemnitor shall be subrogated to all rights
of the Indemnitee with respect to all third parties, firms or corporations relating to the matter for which indemnification has been made.

          5.4       Contribution . In the event that the indemnity provided in Section 5.1 or Section 5.2 is unavailable to or insufficient to hold
harmless an Indemnitee for any reason, the Company and the Investor, as applicable, severally agree to contribute to the aggregate Indemnified
Liabilities to which the Company and the Investor may be subject, as applicable, in such proportion as is appropriate to reflect the relative
benefits received by the Company on the one hand and by the Investor on the other from transactions contemplated by this Agreement. If the
allocation provided by the immediately preceding sentence is unavailable for any reason, the Company and the Investor severally shall
contribute in such proportion as is appropriate to reflect not only such relative benefits but also the relative fault of the Company on the one
hand and of the Investor on the other in connection with the statements or omissions which resulted in such Indemnified Liabilities as well as
any other relevant equitable considerations. Benefits received by the Company shall be deemed to be equal to the total proceeds from the
offering (net of underwriting discounts and commissions but before deducting expenses) received by it, and benefits received by the Investor
shall be deemed to be equal to the total discounts received by the Investor. Relative fault shall be determined by reference to, among other
things, whether any untrue or any alleged untrue statement of a material fact or the omission or alleged omission to state a material fact relates
to information provided by the Company on the one hand or the Investor on the other, the intent of the parties and their relative knowledge,
access to information and opportunity to correct or prevent such untrue statement or omission. The Company and the Investor agree that it
would not be just and equitable if contribution were determined by pro rata allocation or any other method of allocation which does not take
account of the equitable considerations referred to above. The aggregate amount of Indemnified Liabilities incurred by an Indemnitee and
referred to above in this Article V shall be deemed to include any legal or other expenses reasonably incurred by such Indemnitee in
investigating, preparing or defending against any litigation, or any investigation or proceeding by any governmental agency or body,
commenced or threatened, or any claim whatsoever based upon any such untrue or alleged untrue statement or omission or alleged omission.
Notwithstanding the provisions of this Section 5.4, the Investor shall not be required to contribute any amount in excess of the amount by
which the Purchase Price for Shares actually purchased pursuant to this Agreement exceeds the amount of any damages which the Investor has
otherwise been required to pay by reason of such untrue or alleged untrue statement or omission or alleged omission. No Person guilty of
fraudulent misrepresentation (within the meaning of Section 11(f) of the Securities Act) shall be entitled to contribution from any Person who
was not guilty of such fraudulent misrepresentation. For purposes of this Article V, each Person who controls the Investor within the meaning
of Section 15 of the Securities Act or Section 20 of the Exchange Act and each director, officer, employee and agent of the Investor shall have
the same rights to contribution as the Investor, and each Person who controls the Company within the meaning of Section 15 of the Securities
Act or Section 20 of the Exchange Act, each officer of the Company who shall have signed the Registration Statement and each director of the
Company shall have the same rights to contribution as the Company, subject in each case to the applicable terms and conditions of this
Section 5.4.


                                                                        15
        5.5       Remedies . The remedies provided for in this Article V are not exclusive and shall not limit any rights or remedies which
may otherwise be available to any Indemnitee.

         5.6       Survival . The obligations of the parties to indemnify or make contribution under this Article V shall survive termination of
this Agreement.

                                                            ARTICLE VI
                                                     COVENANTS OF THE COMPANY

      6.1        Registration Rights . The Company shall cause the Registration Rights Agreement to remain in full force and effect and the
Company shall comply in all material respects with the terms thereof.

         6.2       Listing of Common Stock . The Company shall maintain the Common Stock’s authorization for quotation on a Principal
Market, including the OTC Markets.

          6.3        Exchange Act Registration . The Company will cause its Common Stock to continue to be registered under the Exchange
Act, will file in a timely manner all reports and other documents required of it as a reporting company under the Exchange Act and will not
take any action or file any document (whether or not permitted by Exchange Act or the rules thereunder) to terminate or suspend such
registration or to terminate or suspend its reporting and filing obligations under said Exchange Act.

          6.4        Transfer Agent Instructions . Not later than two (2) business days after each Advance Notice Date and prior to each Closing
and the effectiveness of the Registration Statement and resale of the Common Stock by the Investor, the Company will deliver instructions to
its transfer agent to issue shares of Common Stock free of restrictive legends.


                                                                      16
      6.5           Corporate Existence . The Company will take all steps necessary to preserve and continue the corporate existence of the
Company.

          6.6        Notice of Certain Events Affecting Registration; Suspension of Right to Make an Advance . The Company will immediately
notify the Investor upon its becoming aware of the occurrence of any of the following events in respect of a Registration Statement or related
prospectus relating to an offering of Registrable Securities: (i) receipt of any request for additional information by the SEC or any other Federal
or state governmental authority, during the period of effectiveness of the Registration Statement, for amendments or supplements to the
Registration Statement or related prospectus; (ii) the issuance by the SEC or any other Federal or state governmental authority of any stop order
suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement or the initiation of any proceedings for that purpose; (iii) receipt of any notification
with respect to the suspension of the qualification or exemption from qualification of any of the Registrable Securities for sale in any
jurisdiction or the initiation or threatening of any proceeding for such purpose; (iv) the happening of any event that makes any statement made
in the Registration Statement or related prospectus or any document incorporated or deemed to be incorporated therein by reference untrue in
any material respect or that requires the making of any changes in the Registration Statement, related prospectus or such other documents so
that, in the case of the Registration Statement, it will not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact
required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, and that in the case of the related prospectus, it will not
contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the
statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; and (v) the Company’s reasonable
determination that a post-effective amendment to the Registration Statement would be appropriate, in which event the Company will promptly
make available to the Investor any such supplement or amendment to the Registration Statement and related prospectus. The Company shall
not deliver to the Investor any Advance Notice during the continuation of any of the foregoing events.

          6.7       Expectations Regarding Advance Notices . Within ten (10) days after the commencement of each calendar quarter occurring
subsequent to the commencement of the Commitment Period, the Company must notify the Investor, in writing, as to its reasonable
expectations as to the dollar amount it intends to raise during such calendar quarter, if any, through the issuance of Advance Notices. Such
notification shall constitute only the Company’s good faith estimate and shall in no way obligate the Company to raise such amount, or any
amount, or otherwise limit its ability to deliver Advance Notices.

         6.8        Intentionally Deleted .

         6.9        Consolidation; Merger . The Company shall not, at any time after the Effective Date, effect any merger or consolidation of
the Company with or into, or a transfer of all or substantially all the assets of the Company to, another entity (a “ Consolidation Event ”),
unless the resulting successor or acquiring entity (if not the Company) assumes by written instrument the obligation to deliver to the Investor
such shares of stock and/or securities as the Investor is entitled to receive pursuant to this Agreement.

          6.10      Issuance of the Company’s Common Stock. The sale of the shares of Common Stock by the Company to the Investor
hereunder shall be made in accordance with the provisions and requirements of the Securities Act and Regulation D and any applicable state
securities law.


                                                                         17
         6.11       Expenses . The Company, whether or not the transactions contemplated hereunder are consummated or this Agreement is
terminated, will pay all expenses incident to the performance of its obligations hereunder, including, without limitation: (i) the preparation,
printing and filing of the Registration Statement and each amendment and supplement thereto, of each related prospectus and of each
amendment and supplement thereto; (ii) the preparation, issuance and delivery of any Shares issued pursuant to this Agreement; (iii) all fees
and disbursements of the Company’s counsel, accountants and other advisors; (iv) the qualification of the Shares under securities laws in
accordance with the provisions of this Agreement, including filing fees in connection therewith; (v) the fees and expenses incurred in
connection with the listing or qualification of the Shares for trading on the Principal Market; or (vi) filing fees of the SEC, the Principal Market
and any other regulatory or governmental body or authority.

         6.12         Compliance with Laws . The Company will not, directly or indirectly, take any action designed to cause or result in, or that
constitutes or might reasonably be expected to constitute, the stabilization or manipulation of the price of any security of the Company or
which caused or resulted in, or which would in the future reasonably be expected to cause or result in, stabilization or manipulation of the price
of any security of the Company.

         6.13      Opinion of Counsel . Prior to the date of the first Advance Notice, the Investor shall have received an opinion letter from
counsel to the Company reasonably acceptable to the Investor, containing, at a minimum, the opinions set forth in Exhibit “C” attached hereto.

          6.14        Review of Public Disclosures . None of the public disclosures made by the Company, including, without limitation, press
releases, investor relations materials, and scripts of analysts meetings and calls will contain any untrue statements of material fact, nor will they
omit to state any material fact required to be stated therein necessary to make the statements made in light of the circumstances under which
they were made, not misleading.

       6.15        Opinion of Counsel Concerning Resales . Provided that the Investor’s resale of Common Stock received pursuant to this
Agreement may be freely sold by the Investor either pursuant to an effective Registration Statement, in accordance with Rule 144, or otherwise,
the Company shall obtain for the Investor, at the Company’s expense, any and all opinions of counsel which may be required by the
Company’s transfer agent to issue such shares free of restrictive legends, or to remove legends from such shares.

           6.16       Sales . Without the written consent of the Investor, the Company will not, directly or indirectly, offer to sell, sell, contract
to sell, grant any option to sell or otherwise dispose of any shares of Common Stock (other than the Shares offered pursuant to the provisions of
this Agreement) or securities convertible into or exchangeable for Common Stock, warrants or any rights to purchase or acquire Common
Stock, during the period beginning on the 5th Trading Day immediately prior to an Advance Notice Date and ending on the 2nd Trading Day
immediately following the corresponding Advance Settlement Date.

        6.17        Insider Trading . Notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement, the Company shall not deliver an Advance
Notice during any period in which the Investor is in possession of material non-public information.


                                                                         18
                                                       ARTICLE VII
                                    CONDITIONS FOR ADVANCE AND CONDITIONS FOR CLOSING

        The right of the Company to deliver an Advance Notice and the obligations of the Investor hereunder to acquire Shares and pay for
Shares of the Company’s Common Stock is subject to the satisfaction by the Company, on each Advance Notice Date and on each Advance
Settlement Date (a “ Condition Satisfaction Date ”), of each of the following conditions:

         7.1         Accuracy of the Company’s Representations and Warranties . The representations and warranties of the Company shall be
true and correct in all material respects.

         7.2        Registration of the Common Stock with the SEC . The Company shall have filed with the SEC a Registration Statement
with respect to the resale of the Registrable Securities in accordance with the terms of the Registration Rights Agreement. As set forth in the
Registration Rights Agreement, the Registration Statement shall have been declared effective by the SEC and shall remain effective on each
Condition Satisfaction Date, and: (i) neither the Company nor the Investor shall have received notice that the SEC has issued or intends to issue
a stop order with respect to the Registration Statement, or that the SEC otherwise has suspended or withdrawn the effectiveness of the
Registration Statement, either temporarily or permanently, or intends or has threatened to do so (unless the SEC’s concerns have been
addressed and the Investor is satisfied, in its sole discretion, that the SEC no longer is considering or intends to take such action); and (ii) no
other suspension of the use or withdrawal of the effectiveness of the Registration Statement or related prospectus shall exist. The Registration
Statement must have been declared effective by the SEC prior to the first Advance Notice Date.

          7.3       Authority . The Company shall have obtained all permits and qualifications required by any applicable state for the offer
and sale of the Shares, or shall have the availability of exemptions therefrom. The sale and issuance of the Shares shall be legally permitted by
all laws and regulations to which the Company is subject.

          7.4        No Material Notices . None of the following events shall have occurred and be continuing: (i) receipt by the Company of
any request for additional information from the SEC or any other federal or state governmental, administrative or self regulatory authority
during the period of effectiveness of the Registration Statement, the response to which would require any amendments or supplements to the
Registration Statement or related prospectus; (ii) the issuance by the SEC or any other federal or state governmental authority of any stop order
suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement or the initiation of any proceedings for that purpose; (iii) receipt by the Company of
any notification with respect to the suspension of the qualification or exemption from qualification of any of the Shares for sale in any
jurisdiction or the initiation or threatening of any proceeding for such purpose; (iv) the occurrence of any event that makes any statement made
in the Registration Statement or related prospectus, or any document incorporated or deemed to be incorporated therein by reference, untrue in
any material respect or that requires the making of any changes in the Registration Statement, related Prospectus or documents so that, in the
case of the Registration Statement, it will not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact required to be
stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, and that in the case of the related prospectus, it will not contain any
untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein, in
the light of the circumstances under and as of the date which they were made, not misleading; and (v) the Company’s reasonable determination
that a post-effective amendment to the Registration Statement would be required.


                                                                        19
        7.5      Fundamental Changes . There shall not exist any fundamental changes to the information set forth in the Registration
Statement which would require the Company to file a post-effective amendment to the Registration Statement.

        7.6        Performance by the Company . The Company shall have performed, satisfied and complied in all material respects with all
covenants, agreements and conditions required by this Agreement to be performed, satisfied or complied with by the Company at or prior to
each Condition Satisfaction Date.

          7.7       No Injunction . No statute, rule, regulation, executive order, decree, ruling or injunction shall have been enacted, entered,
promulgated or endorsed by any court or governmental authority of competent jurisdiction that prohibits or directly and adversely affects any
of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, and no proceeding shall have been commenced that may have a Material Adverse Effect.

         7.8         No Suspension of Trading in or Delisting of Common Stock . The Common Stock is trading on a Principal Market and all
of the Shares issuable pursuant to such Advance Notice will be listed or quoted for trading on such Principal Market and the Investor believes,
in good faith, that trading of the Common Stock on a Principal Market will continue uninterrupted for the foreseeable future. The issuance of
Shares with respect to the applicable Advance Notice will not violate the shareholder approval requirements of the Principal Market. The
Company shall not have received any notice threatening the continued listing of the Common Stock on the Principal Market.

         7.9        Authorized . There shall be a sufficient number of authorized but unissued and otherwise unreserved shares of Common
Stock for the issuance of all of the Shares issuable pursuant to such Advance Notice.

         7.10        Executed Advance Notice . The Investor shall have received the Advance Notice executed by an officer of the Company
and the representations contained in such Advance Notice shall be true and correct as of each Condition Satisfaction Date.

         7.11         Consecutive Advance Notices . Except with respect to the first Advance Notice, the Company shall have delivered all
Shares relating to all prior Advances.

                                                     ARTICLE VIII
                           DUE DILIGENCE REVIEW; NON-DISCLOSURE OF NON-PUBLIC INFORMATION

          8.1       Due Diligence Review . Prior to the filing of the Registration Statement, the Company shall make available for inspection
and review by the Investor, advisors to and representatives of the Investor and any underwriter participating in any disposition of the
Registrable Securities on behalf of the Investor pursuant to the Registration Statement, any such Registration Statement or amendment or
supplement thereto, or any blue sky, NASD, FINRA, or other filing, all financial and other records, all SEC Documents and other filings with
the SEC, and all other corporate documents and properties of the Company as may be reasonably necessary or required by the Investor and any
such advisors, representatives and underwriters, and cause the Company’s officers, directors and employees to supply all such information
requested by the Investor or any such representative, advisor or underwriter in connection with such Registration Statement (including, without
limitation, in response to all questions and other inquiries reasonably made or submitted by any of them), prior to and from time to time after
the filing and effectiveness of the Registration Statement, for the sole purpose of enabling the Investor and such representatives, advisors and
underwriters and their respective accountants and attorneys to conduct initial and ongoing due diligence with respect to the Company and the
accuracy of the Registration Statement.


                                                                       20
         8.2       Company Non-Public Information .

                   (a)       Nothing herein shall require the Company to disclose non-public information to the Investor or its advisors or
representatives, unless prior to disclosure of such information, the Company identifies such information as being non-public information and
provides the Investor, such advisors and representatives with the opportunity to accept or refuse to accept such non-public information for
review. The Company may, as a condition to disclosing any non-public information hereunder, require the Investor and its advisors and
representatives to enter into a confidentiality agreement in form reasonably satisfactory to the Company and the Investor.

                   (b)      The Company represents that it does not disseminate non-public information in violation of the Exchange Act or
Securities Act to any investors who purchase stock in the Company in a public offering, to money managers or to securities analysts, provided,
however, that notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the Company will immediately notify the advisors and representatives of the
Investor and, if any, underwriters, of any event or the existence of any circumstance (without any obligation to disclose the specific event or
circumstance) of which it becomes aware, constituting non-public information (whether or not requested of the Company specifically or
generally during the course of due diligence by such persons or entities), which, if not disclosed in the prospectus included in the Registration
Statement would cause such prospectus to include a material misstatement or to omit a material fact required to be stated therein in order to
make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances in which they were made, not misleading. Nothing contained in this Article VIII shall
be construed to mean that such persons or entities other than the Investor (without the written consent of the Investor prior to disclosure of such
information) may not obtain non-public information in the course of conducting due diligence in accordance with the terms of this Agreement
and nothing herein shall prevent any such persons or entities from notifying the Company of their opinion that based on such due diligence by
such persons or entities, that the Registration Statement contains an untrue statement of material fact or omits a material fact required to be
stated in the Registration Statement or necessary to make the statements contained therein, in light of the circumstances in which they were
made, not misleading.

                                                              ARTICLE IX
                                                      CHOICE OF LAW/JURISDICTION

       This Agreement shall be governed by and interpreted in accordance with the laws of the State of Nevada, without regard to the principles
of conflict of laws. The parties further agree that any action between them shall be heard in a federal or state court in Clark County, Nevada,
and expressly consent to the jurisdiction and venue of the state courts sitting in Clark County, Nevada and the United States District Court for
the District of Nevada, for the adjudication of any civil action asserted pursuant to this paragraph; provided, however, nothing contained herein
shall limit the Investor’s ability to bring suit or enforce this Agreement in any other jurisdiction.


                                                                        21
                                                              ARTICLE X
                                                       ASSIGNEMNT; TERMINATION

          10.1      Assignment . Neither this Agreement nor any rights of the parties hereto may be assigned or delegated to any other
Person.

          10.2      Termination .

                   (a)      This Agreement and the obligations of Investor to make Advances hereunder shall terminate on the earlier to occur
of: (i) twenty-four (24) months after the Registration Statement is declared effective; or (ii) six (6) months after the “Late Effecitve Deadline”
(as such term is defined in the Registration Rights Agreement), if the Registration Statement has not been declared effective by such date.

                   (a)      This Agreement and the obligation of the Investor to make an Advance to the Company pursuant to this Agreement
shall terminate permanently (including with respect to an Advance Settlement Date that has not yet occurred) in the event that: (i) there shall
occur any stop order or suspension of the effectiveness of the Registration Statement for an aggregate of fifty (50) Trading Days, other than due
to the acts of the Investor, during the Commitment Period (provided, however, that this termination provision shall not apply to any period
commencing upon the filing of a post-effective amendment to such Registration Statement and ending upon the date on which such
post-effective amendment is declared effective by the SEC); or (ii) the Company shall at any time fail to comply with any of the terms,
covenants or provisions of this Agreement or the Registration Rights Agreement on the part of the Company to comply with, and such failure is
not cured within twenty (20) days after receipt of written notice from the Investor.

                  (b)      Nothing in this Section 10.2 shall be deemed to release the Company from any liability for any breach under this
Agreement, or to impair the rights of the Investor to compel specific performance by the Company of its obligations under this Agreement or
the Registration Rights Agreement. The indemnification provisions contained in Article V shall survive termination hereunder.

                                                                 ARTICLE XI
                                                                  NOTICES

                  Any notices, consents, waivers, or other communications required or permitted to be given under the terms of this Agreement
must be in writing and in each case properly addressed to the party to receive the same in accordance with the information below, and will be
deemed to have been delivered: (i) if mailed by certified mail, return receipt requested, postage prepaid and properly addressed to the address
below, then three (3) business days after deposit of same in a regularly maintained U.S. Mail receptacle; or (ii) if mailed by Federal Express,
UPS or other nationally recognized overnight courier service, next business morning delivery, then one (1) business day after deposit of same
in a regularly maintained receptacle of such overnight courier; or (iii) if hand delivered, then upon hand delivery thereof to the address
indicated on or prior to 5:00 p.m., EST, on a Trading Day. Any notice hand delivered after 5:00 p.m., EST, shall be deemed delivered on the
following Trading Day. Notwithstanding the foregoing, notice, consents, waivers or other communications referred to in this Agreement may
be sent by facsimile, e-mail, or other method of delivery, but shall be deemed to have been delivered only when the sending party has
confirmed (by reply e-mail or some other form of written confirmation from the receiving party) that the notice has been received by the other
party. The addresses and facsimile numbers for such communications, except for Advance Notices which shall be delivered in accordance
with Section 2.1(b) hereof, shall be:


                                                                       22
 If to the Company, to:                           Bluefire Renewables, Inc.
                                                  31 Musick
                                                  Irvine, CA 92618
                                                  Attention:     Arnold R. Klann, President and CEO
                                                  Telephone:     (949) 588-3767
                                                  Facsimile:     (949) 588-3972


With a copy to:                                   Lucosky Brookman LLP
(which shall not constitute notice)               33 Wood Avenue South, 6 th Floor
                                                  Iselin, New Jersey 08830
                                                  Attention:      Joseph Lucosky, Esq.
                                                  Telephone:      (732) 395-4400
                                                  Facsimile:      (732) 395-4401
                                                  E-Mail:         jlucosky@lucbro.com

If to the Investor:                               TCA Global Credit Master Fund, LP
                                                  1404 Rodman Street
                                                  Hollywood, Florida 33020
                                                  Attention:     Robert Press, Director
                                                  Telephone:     (786) 323-1650
                                                  Facsimile:     (786) 323-1651
                                                  E-Mail: bpress@trafcap.com

With a copy to:                                   David Kahan, P.A.
(which shall not constitute notice)               6420 Congress Ave., Suite 1800
                                                  Boca Raton, Florida 33487
                                                  Telephone:     (561) 672-8330
                                                  Facsimile:     (561) 672-8301
                                                  E-Mail:        david@dkpalaw.com

                                                               ARTICLE XII
                                                             MISCELLANEOUS

         12.1        Execution; Counterparts . This Agreement may be executed in one or more counterparts, all of which taken together shall
be deemed and considered one and the same Agreement, and same shall become effective when counterparts have been signed by each party
and each party has delivered its signed counterpart to the other party. In the event that any signature is delivered by facsimile transmission or
by e-mail delivery of a “.pdf” format file or other similar format file, such signature shall be deemed an original for all purposes and shall
create a valid and binding obligation of the party executing same with the same force and effect as if such facsimile or “.pdf” signature page
was an original thereof.


                                                                       23
         12.2        Entire Agreement; Amendments . This Agreement, together with the Registration Rights Agreement, supersedes all other
prior oral or written agreements between the Investor, the Company, their affiliates and Persons acting on their behalf with respect to the
matters discussed herein, and this Agreement, and the instruments referenced herein, including the Registration Rights Agreement, contain the
entire understanding of the parties with respect to the matters covered herein and therein and, except as specifically set forth herein or therein,
the Investor makes no representation, warranty, covenant or undertaking with respect to such matters. No provision of this Agreement may be
waived or amended other than by an instrument in writing signed by the party to be charged with enforcement.

         12.3       Reporting Entity for the Common Stock . The reporting entity relied upon for the determination of the trading price or
trading volume of the Common Stock on any given Trading Day for the purposes of this Agreement shall be Bloomberg, L.P. or any successor
thereto. The written mutual consent of the Investor and the Company shall be required to employ any other reporting entity.

         12.4        Fees .

                  (a)      Legal and Administrative Fee . Each of the parties shall pay its own fees and expenses (including the fees of any
attorneys, accountants, appraisers or others engaged by such party) in connection with this Agreement and the transactions contemplated
hereby, except that the Company shall pay to Investor, upon the execution of this Agreement by the Company, a fee of $12,500 to cover the
Investor’s legal and administrative costs and expenses in connection this Agreement, $5,000 of which the Investor hereby acknowledges was
paid by the Company prior to the date hereof.

                 (b)        Due Diligence Fees . The Company shall pay to Investor, upon execution of this Agreement by the Company, a fee
of $12,500 to cover the Investor’s due diligence costs and expenses in connection this Agreement.

                  (c)     Advance Fee . On each Advance Settlement Date, the Company shall pay to the Investor the Advance Fee with
respect to each Advance made hereunder, which Advance Fee shall be deducted by Investor out of the gross proceeds of each Advance.

                  (d)         Facility Fee .

                           (i)       Share Issuance . The Company shall pay to Investor a fee for investment banking services provided by the
Investor to the Company prior to the Effective Date by issuing to Investor that number of shares of the Company’s Common Stock that equal to
a dollar amount equal to $110,000.00 (the “ Share Value ”). For purposes of determining the number of shares issuable to Investor under this
Section 12.4(d) (the “ Facility Fee Shares ”), the Company’s Common Stock shall be valued at the VWAP as of the close of the business day
immediately prior to the date the Company executes this Agreement (the “ Valuation Date ”). The Investor shall confirm to the Company in
writing, the VWAP for the Common Stock as of the Valuation Date, and the corresponding number of Shares issuable to the Investor based on
such price. The Company shall instruct its transfer agent to issue certificates representing the Facility Fee Shares issuable to the Investor
immediately upon the Company’s execution of this Agreement, and shall cause its transfer agent to deliver such certificates to Investor within
three (3) Trading Days from the date the Company executes this Agreement. In the event such certificates representing the Facility Fee Shares
issuable hereunder shall not be delivered to the Investor within said three (3) Trading Day period, same shall be an immediate default under this
Agreement and Investor shall have no obligation to make any Advances hereunder until such default is cured. The Facility Fee Shares, when
issued, shall be deemed to be validly issued, fully paid, and non-assessable shares of the Company’s Common Stock. The Facility Fee Shares
shall be deemed fully earned as of the date the Company executes this Agreement, regardless of the amount of Advances, if any, that the
Company is able to, or chooses to, request hereunder. The Facility Fee Shares shall be deemed Registrable Securities hereunder and shall be
included on any registration statement filed by the Company after the date hereof, unless such shares may be resold without any limitation of
any kind pursuant to Rule 144.


                                                                        24
                             (ii)     Adjustments . It is the intention of the Company and Investor that by a date that is nine (9) months after
the Valuation Date (the “ Nine Month Valuation Date ”) the Investor shall have generated net proceeds from the sale of the Facility Fee
Shares equal to the Share Value. The Investor shall have the right to sell the Facility Fee Shares in the Principal Trading Market or otherwise,
at any time in accordance with applicable securities laws. At any time the Investor may elect after the Nine Month Valuation Date, the Investor
may deliver to the Company a reconciliation statement showing the net proceeds actually received by the Investor from the sale of the Facility
Fee Shares (the “ Sale Reconciliation ”). If, as of the date of the delivery by Investor of the Sale Reconciliation, the Investor has not realized
net proceeds from the sale of such Facility Fee Shares equal to at least the Share Value, as shown on the Sale Reconciliation, then the Company
shall immediately take all required action necessary or required in order to cause the issuance of additional shares of Common Stock to the
Investor in an amount sufficient such that, when sold and the net proceeds thereof are added to the net proceeds from the sale of any of the
previously issued and sold Facility Fee Shares, the Investor shall have received total net funds equal to the Share Value. If additional shares of
Common Stock are issued pursuant to the immediately preceding sentence, and after the sale of such additional issued shares of Common
Stock, the Investor still has not received net proceeds equal to at least the Share Value, then the Company shall again be required to
immediately take all required action necessary or required in order to cause the issuance of additional shares of Common Stock to the Investor
as contemplated above, and such additional issuances shall continue until the Investor has received net proceeds from the sale of such Common
Stock equal to the Share Value. In the event the Investor receives net proceeds from the sale of Facility Fee Shares equal to the Share Value,
and the Investor still has Facility Fee Shares remaining to be sold, the Investor shall return all such remaining Facility Fee Shares to the
Company. In the event additional Common Stock is required to be issued as outlined above, the Company shall instruct its transfer agent to
issue certificates representing such additional shares of Common Stock to the Investor immediately subsequent to the Investor’s notification to
the Company that additional shares of Common Stock are issuable hereunder, and the Company shall in any event cause its transfer agent to
deliver such certificates to Investor within three (3) business days following the date Investor notifies the Company that additional shares of
Common Stock are to be issued hereunder. In the event such certificates representing such additional shares of Common Stock issuable
hereunder shall not be delivered to the Buyer within said three (3) business day period, same shall be an immediate default under this
Agreement and the Transaction Documents and Investor shall have no obligation to make any Advances hereunder until such default is cured.
Notwithstanding anything contained in this Section 7.5 to the contrary, at any time on or prior to the Nine Month Valuation Date, but not
thereafter (unless agreed to by the Investor), the Company shall have the right, at any time during such period, to redeem any Facility Fee
Shares then in the Investor’s possession for an amount payable by the Company to Investor in cash equal to the Share Value, less any net cash
proceeds received by the Investor from any previous sales of Facility Fee Shares. Upon Investor’s receipt of such cash payment in accordance
with the immediately preceding sentence, the Investor shall return any then remaining Facility Fee Shares in its possession back to the
Company.


                                                                       25
          12.5      Brokerage . Each of the parties hereto represents that it has had no dealings in connection with this transaction with any
finder or broker who will demand payment of any fee or commission from the other party. The Company on the one hand, and the Investor, on
the other hand, agree to indemnify the other against and hold the other harmless from any and all liabilities to any person claiming brokerage
commissions or finder’s fees on account of services purported to have been rendered on behalf of the indemnifying party in connection with
this Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby.

         12.6         Confidentiality . If for any reason the transactions contemplated by this Agreement are not consummated, each of the
parties hereto shall keep confidential any information obtained from any other party (except information publicly available or in such party’s
domain prior to the date hereof, and except as required by court order) and shall promptly return to the other parties all schedules, documents,
instruments, work papers or other written information without retaining copies thereof, previously furnished by it as a result of this Agreement
or in connection herein.

                                               [SIGNATURES ON THE FOLLOWING PAGE]


                                                                      26
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have caused this Agreement to be executed as of the date and year set forth above.

                                                           COMPANY:

                                                           BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES, INC.

                                                           By:    /s/ Arnold Klann
                                                           Name: Arnold Klann
                                                           Title: Chief Executive Officer

                                                           INVESTOR:

                                                           TCA GLOBAL CREDIT MASTER FUND, LP

                                                           By:     TCA Global Credit Fund GP, Ltd., its general partner

                                                           By:    /s/ Robert Press
                                                           Name: Robert Press
                                                           Title: Director


                                                          27
                                                                 EXHIBIT “A”

                                                       FORM OF ADVANCE NOTICE

                                            [BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES, INC. LETTERHEAD]

         The undersigned, ________________________, hereby certifies, with respect to the sale of shares of Common Stock of Bluefire
Renewables, Inc. (the “ Company ”) issuable in connection with this Advance Notice, which Advance Notice is being delivered pursuant to the
Committed Equity Facility between the Company and TCA Global Credit Master Fund, LP dated as of March ____, 2012 (the “ Agreement ”),
as follows:

         1.      The undersigned is the duly elected _______________________ of the Company.

       2.       There are no fundamental or material changes to the information set forth in the Registration Statement which would require
the Company to file a post-effective amendment to the Registration Statement.

         3.       The Company has performed all of the covenants and agreements to be performed by the Company under the Agreement, and
the Company has complied in all material respects with all obligations and conditions contained in the Agreement on or prior to the Advance
Notice Date, and the Company shall continue to perform and comply with all covenants and agreements to be performed by the Company
through the applicable Advance Settlement Date. All conditions under the Agreement to the delivery of this Advance Notice are satisfied as of
the date hereof. Since the date of the Company’s last financial statements, there has been no Material Adverse Change.

          4.       The undersigned hereby represents, warrants and covenants that it has made all filings (“ SEC Filings ”) required to be made
by it pursuant to applicable securities laws (including, without limitation, all filings required under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934). All
SEC Filings and other public disclosures made by the Company, including, without limitation, all press releases, analysts meetings, calls, etc.
(collectively, the “ Public Disclosures ”), have been reviewed and approved for release by the Company’s attorneys or general counsel and, if
containing financial information, the Company’s independent certified public accountants. None of the Company’s Public Disclosures contain
any untrue statement of a material fact, or omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein,
in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading.

         5.      The Advance requested by this Advance Notice is for the sale of __________ Shares.

         6.      9.99% of the outstanding Common Stock of the Company as of the date hereof is _____________.

         7.     The sale of the number of Shares requested by this Advance Notice does not exceed the Ownership Limitation, the
Registration Limitation, the Maximum Advance Amount or the Commitment Amount.
         The undersigned has executed this Advance Notice as of the _____ day of _____________, 20___.

BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES, INC.

By:
Name:
Title:

_____________________________________________________________________

Please deliver this Advance Notice by mail, e-mail or facsimile with a follow up phone call to:
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
                                                               EXHIBIT “B”

                                                 FORM OF SETTLEMENT DOCUMENT

Via E-Mail and Facsimile
Bluefire Renewables, Inc.
Attn: CEO
Fax: _________________
E-Mail:________________

Below please find the settlement information with respect to the Advance Notice dated:___________

                                                                                               $
  1.     (a) Amount of Advance Notice:
         (b) Amount of Advance Notice after adjusting for Ownership Limitation, Registration   $
         Limitation, Maximum Advance Amount and Committed Amount, if applicable:
  2.     Market Price: (VWAP of the Common Stock during the relevant Pricing Period of         $
         ________________ to __________________).
  3.                                                                                           $
         Purchase Price (Market Price X 95%) per share:
  4.
         Number of Shares due to Investor computed by dividing 1(b) above by 3 above:


Please issue the number of Shares due to the Investor to the account of the Investor as follows:
______________________
______________________
______________________

                                                                       Sincerely,

                                                                       TCA Global Credit Master Fund, LP

Approved by:

BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES, INC.

By:
Name:
Title:
                                                                 EXHIBIT “C”

                                                           REQUIRED OPINIONS

         1.      The Company is a corporation validly existing and in good standing under the laws of Nevada, with corporate power and
authority to own, lease and operate its properties and to conduct its business as described in the Company’s latest Form 10-K or 10-Q (or
similar form for filing a quarterly or annual report) filed by the Company under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, (the “
Exchange Act ”) and the rules and regulations of the SEC thereunder (the “ Public Filings ”) and to enter into and perform its obligations
under the Committed Equity Facility Agreement (the “ Agreement ”). The Company is also duly qualified as a foreign corporation to do
business and is in good standing in every jurisdiction in which the nature of the business conducted by it as described in the Public Filings
makes such qualification necessary.

          2.      The Company has the requisite corporate power and authority to enter into and perform its obligations under the Agreement
and to issue the Shares in accordance with their terms. The execution and delivery of the Agreement by the Company and the consummation
by it of the transactions contemplated thereby have been duly authorized by all necessary corporate action, and no further consent or
authorization of the Company or its Board of Directors or stockholders is required. The Agreement, and each document executed or delivered
in connection therewith, has each been duly executed and delivered, and the Agreement, and each document executed or delivered in
connection therewith, each constitutes valid and binding obligations of the Company, enforceable against the Company in accordance with
their respective terms, except as my be limited by general principles of equity or applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization,
moratorium, liquidation or similar laws relating to, or affecting generally, the enforcement of creditors’ rights and remedies.

          3.      The Shares are duly authorized and, upon issuance in accordance with the terms of the Agreement, will be duly and validly
issued, fully paid and non-assessable, free of any liens, encumbrances and preemptive or similar rights contained, to our knowledge, in any
agreement filed by the Company as an exhibit to the Company’s Public Filings.

          4.      The execution, delivery and performance of the Agreement by the Company will not: (i) result in a violation of the
Company’s Certificate of Incorporation or By-Laws; (ii) conflict with, or constitute a default (or an event that with notice or lapse of time or
both would become a default) under, or give to others any rights of termination, amendment, acceleration or cancellation of, any agreement or,
indenture by which the Company or any of its assets or properties is bound, including, without limitation, and agreement or document filed by
the Company as an exhibit to the Company’s Public Filings; or (iii) to our knowledge, result in a violation of any foreign, federal, state or local
law, rule or regulation, order, judgment or decree applicable to the Company.

         5.   To our knowledge, and other then as set forth in the Public Filings, there are no legal or governmental proceedings pending to
which the Company is a party or of which any property or assets of the Company is subject which is required to be disclosed in any Public
Filings.
                                                 REGISTRATION RIGHTS AGREEMENT

        THIS REGISTRATION RIGHTS AGREEMENT (the “ Agreement ”) is made and entered into as of the 28 th day of March, 2012 by
and between BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES, INC. , a Nevada corporation (the “ Company ”) and TCA GLOBAL CREDIT MASTER
FUND, LP , a Cayman Islands limited partnership (the “ Investor ”).

          WHEREAS , in connection with the Committed Equity Facility Agreement by and between the Company and Investor of even date
herewith (the “ CEF Agreement ”), the Company has agreed, upon the terms and subject to the conditions of the CEF Agreement, to issue and
sell to the Investor that number of shares of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.001 per share (the “ Common Stock ”), which can be
purchased pursuant to the terms of the CEF Agreement for an aggregate purchase price of up to Two Million Dollars ($2,000,000). Capitalized
terms used in this Agreement and not otherwise defined herein shall have the meaning ascribed to such terms in the CEF Agreement; and

          WHEREAS , in order to induce the Investor to execute and deliver the CEF Agreement, the Company has agreed to provide certain
registration rights to the Investor under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the rules and regulations thereunder, or any similar
successor statute (collectively, the “ Securities Act ”), and applicable state securities laws;

        NOW, THEREFORE , in consideration of the promises and mutual covenants contained herein and for other good and valuable
consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which is hereby acknowledged, the parties hereto agree as follows:

        1.         Definitions . As used in this Agreement, the following terms shall have the following meanings (to the extent any of the
following defined terms are also defined in the CEF Agreement, the definitions below shall control for purposes of this Agreement):

                  (a)       “ Person ” means a corporation, a limited liability company, an association, a partnership, an organization, a
business, an individual, a governmental or political subdivision thereof or a governmental agency.

                  (b)       “ Register ,” “ Registered ,” and “ Registration ,” whether capitalized herein or not, refer to a registration effected
by preparing and filing one or more “Registration Statements” (as defined below) in compliance with the Securities Act and pursuant to Rule
415 under the Securities Act or any successor rule providing for offering securities on a continuous or delayed basis (“ Rule 415 ”), and the
declaration or ordering of effectiveness of such Registration Statement(s) by the SEC.

                  (c)      “ Registrable Securities ” shall have the same meaning ascribed to such term in the CEF Agreement.

                  (d)      “ Registration Statement ” means a registration statement under the Securities Act which covers the Registrable
Securities.


                                                                        1
         2.         Registration .

                   (a)        Mandatory Registration . The Company shall prepare and file with the SEC, no later than forty-five (45) days from
the date hereof (the “ Scheduled Filing Deadline ”), a Registration Statement on Form S-1 or on such other form as is available to the
Company. The Company shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to cause the Registration Statement to be declared effective by the SEC
by a date that is no later than ninety (90) days from the date hereof (the “ Scheduled Effective Deadline ”), and in any event, the Registration
Statement shall be declared effective by the SEC prior to the first sale to the Investor of the Company’s Common Stock pursuant to the CEF
Agreement. The Company shall cause the Registration Statement to remain effective until the full completion of the Commitment Period.

                   (b)       Sufficient Number of Shares Registered . The Registration Statement to be filed by the Company pursuant to
Section 2(a) above shall register for resale thereunder an amount of shares of the Company’s Common Stock that is at least three (3) times the
number of Registrable Securities issuable to the Investor under the CEF Agreement (subject to limitations imposed by Rule 415). In the event
the number of shares available under a Registration Statement filed pursuant to Section 2(a) is insufficient to cover all of the Registrable
Securities pursuant to the CEF Agreement, the Company shall amend the Registration Statement, or file a new Registration Statement (on the
short form available therefor, if applicable), or both, so as to cover all of such Registrable Securities pursuant to the CEF Agreement as soon as
practicable, but in any event not later than fifteen (15) days after the necessity therefor arises. The Company shall cause such amendment
and/or new Registration Statement to become effective as soon as practicable following the filing thereof. For purposes of the foregoing
provision, the number of shares available under a Registration Statement shall be deemed “insufficient to cover all of the Registrable
Securities” if at any time the number of Registrable Securities issuable on an Advance Notice Date is greater than the number of shares
available for resale under such Registration Statement.

                   (c)        Failure to Timely File Registration Statement . In the event the Registration Statement is not declared effective by
the SEC by a date that is no later than one hundred fifty (150) days from the earlier to occur of: (A) the date the Registration Statement is filed;
or (B) the Scheduled Filing Deadline (the “ Late Effective Deadline ”), then in addition to any and all remedies Investor may have at law, in
equity or under the CEF Agreement or this Agreement, the Company shall be obligated to pay to Investor, in lawful money of the United States
of America by wire transfer to an account designated by Investor, within three (3) Trading Days from the Late Effective Deadline, and monthly
thereafter, as applicable, until the earlier to occur of: (i) the Registration Statement is declared effective by the SEC; or (ii) until the “Maximum
Cap” (as hereinafter defined) is reached, an amount equal to Three Thousand Three Hundred Thirty Three and 33/100 Dollars ($3,333.33), up
to a total maximum payment under this Section 2(c) that equals one percent (1.0%) of the Commitment Amount (the “ Maximum Cap ”). The
Company acknowledges that this fee is to offset certain costs and damages incurred by Investor and attributable to the delay caused by the
Company’s failure to have the Registration Statement declared effective by the SEC by the Late Effective Deadline, and these sums shall not
be deemed or construed as a penalty.

                   (d)       Law Firm to File Registration Statement . The parties agree that the Company shall use the law firm of Lucosky
Brookman LLP in connection with the Company’s filing of the Registration Statement hereunder. Any change of law firms in connection
therewith shall require the prior written approval of the Investor, which approval shall not be unreasonably withheld.


                                                                         2
         3.         Related Obligations .

                   (a)     The Company shall keep the Registration Statement effective pursuant to Rule 415 at all times until the completion
of the Commitment Period (the “ Registration Period ”), which Registration Statement (including any amendments or supplements thereto and
prospectuses contained therein) shall not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated
therein, or necessary to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances in which they were made, not misleading.

                   (b)     The Company shall prepare and file with the SEC such amendments (including post-effective amendments) and
supplements to a Registration Statement and the prospectus used in connection with such Registration Statement, which prospectus is to be
filed pursuant to Rule 424 promulgated under the Securities Act, as may be necessary to keep such Registration Statement effective at all times
during the Registration Period, and, during such Registration Period, comply with the provisions of the Securities Act with respect to the
disposition of all Registrable Securities of the Company covered by such Registration Statement until such time as all of such Registrable
Securities shall have been disposed of in accordance with the intended methods of disposition by the seller or sellers thereof as set forth in such
Registration Statement. In the case of amendments and supplements to a Registration Statement which are required to be filed pursuant to this
Agreement (including pursuant to this Section 3(b)) by reason of the Company’s filing a report on Form 10-K, Form 10-Q or Form 8-K or any
analogous report under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “ Exchange Act ”), the Company shall have incorporated such
report by reference into the Registration Statement, if applicable, or shall file such amendments or supplements with the SEC within three
(3) business days following the day on which the Exchange Act report is filed which created the requirement for the Company to amend or
supplement the Registration Statement.

                   (c)      The Company shall furnish to the Investor without charge: (i) at least one copy of the Registration Statement as
declared effective by the SEC and any amendment(s) thereto, including financial statements and schedules, all documents incorporated therein
by reference, all exhibits and each preliminary prospectus; (ii) ten (10) copies of the final prospectus included in such Registration Statement
and all amendments and supplements thereto (or such other number of copies as the Investor may reasonably request); and (iii) such other
documents as the Investor may reasonably request from time to time in order to facilitate the disposition of the Registrable Securities owned by
the Investor.

                    (d)      The Company shall: (i) register and qualify the Registrable Securities covered by a Registration Statement under
such other securities or “blue sky” laws of such jurisdictions in the United States as the Investor reasonably requests; (ii) prepare and file in
those jurisdictions, such amendments (including post-effective amendments) and supplements to such registrations and qualifications as may be
necessary to maintain the effectiveness thereof during the Registration Period; (iii) take such other actions as may be reasonably necessary to
maintain such registrations and qualifications in effect at all times during the Registration Period; and (iv) take all other actions reasonably
necessary or advisable to qualify the Registrable Securities for sale in such jurisdictions; provided, however, that the Company shall not be
required in connection therewith or as a condition thereto to: (w) make any change to its certificate of incorporation or by-laws; (x) qualify to
do business in any jurisdiction where it would not otherwise be required to qualify but for this Section 3(d); (y) subject itself to general taxation
in any such jurisdiction; or (z) file a general consent to service of process in any such jurisdiction. The Company shall promptly notify the
Investor of the receipt by the Company of any notification with respect to the suspension of the registration or qualification of any of the
Registrable Securities for sale under the securities or “blue sky” laws of any jurisdiction in the United States or its receipt of actual notice of the
initiation or threat of any proceeding for such purpose.


                                                                          3
                   (e)      As promptly as practicable after becoming aware of such event or development, the Company shall notify the
Investor in writing of the happening of any event or development, the result of which would mean that the prospectus included in a Registration
Statement, as then in effect, includes an untrue statement of a material fact or omission to state a material fact required to be stated therein or
necessary to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading (provided that in no event
shall such notice contain any material, nonpublic information), and promptly prepare a supplement or amendment to such Registration
Statement to correct such untrue statement or omission, and deliver ten (10) copies of such supplement or amendment to the Investor. The
Company shall also promptly notify the Investor in writing: (i) when a prospectus or any prospectus supplement or post-effective amendment
has been filed, and when a Registration Statement or any post-effective amendment has become effective (notification of such effectiveness
shall be delivered to the Investor by facsimile or e-mail on the same day of, or the next business day following, such effectiveness); (ii) of any
request by the SEC for amendments or supplements to a Registration Statement or related prospectus or related information; and (iii) of the
Company’s reasonable determination that a post-effective amendment to a Registration Statement would be appropriate.

                  (f)       The Company shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to prevent the issuance of any stop order or other
suspension of effectiveness of a Registration Statement, or the suspension of the qualification of any of the Registrable Securities for sale in
any jurisdiction within the United States of America and, if such an order or suspension is issued, to obtain the withdrawal of such order or
suspension at the earliest possible moment and to immediately notify the Investor of the issuance of such order and the resolution thereof, or of
the Company’s receipt of actual notice of the initiation or threat of any proceeding for such purpose.

                  (g)       Upon request of the Investor, the Company shall furnish to the Investor, on the date of the effectiveness of the
Registration Statement, and thereafter from time to time on such dates as Investor may reasonably request: (i) a letter, dated such date, from the
Company’s independent certified public accountants in form and substance as is customarily given by independent certified public accountants
to underwriters in an underwritten public offering; and (ii) an opinion, dated as of such date, from counsel representing the Company for
purposes of such Registration Statement, in form, scope and substance as is customarily given to an underwriter in an underwritten public
offering, addressed to the Investor.

                   (h)       The Company shall make available for inspection by: (i) the Investor; and (ii) Investor’s accountants, attorneys,
underwriters and other agents retained by the Investor (collectively, the “ Inspectors ”) all pertinent financial information and other records,
and pertinent corporate documents and properties of the Company (collectively, the “ Records ”), as shall be reasonably necessary to enable
them to exercise their due diligence responsibility, and cause the Company’s officers, directors and employees to supply all information which
any Inspector may reasonably request in connection with the Registration Statement. The Investor agrees that Records obtained by it as a result
of such inspections which are conspicuously marked by the Company as “Confidential” (subject to the Company’s obligations with respect to
material non-public information set forth in Section 8.1(a) herein) shall be deemed confidential and held in strict confidence by the Investor,
unless: (x) the disclosure of such Records is necessary to avoid or correct a misstatement or omission in any Registration Statement or is
otherwise required under the Securities Act; (y) the release of such Records is ordered pursuant to a final, non-appealable subpoena or order
from a court or government body of competent jurisdiction; or (z) the information in such Records has been made generally available to the
public other than by disclosure in violation of this or any other agreement of which the Inspector and the Investor has knowledge. The Investor
agrees that it shall, upon learning that disclosure of such Records is sought in or by a court or governmental body of competent jurisdiction or
through other means, give prompt notice to the Company and allow the Company, at its expense, to undertake appropriate action to prevent
disclosure of, or to obtain a protective order for, the Records deemed confidential.


                                                                        4
                  (i)     The Company shall hold in confidence and not make any disclosure of information concerning the Investor provided
to the Company unless: (i) disclosure of such information is necessary to comply with federal or state securities laws; (ii) the disclosure of such
information is necessary to avoid or correct a misstatement or omission in any Registration Statement; (iii) the release of such information is
ordered pursuant to a subpoena or other final, non-appealable order from a court or governmental body of competent jurisdiction; or (iv) such
information has been made generally available to the public other than by disclosure in violation of this Agreement or any other agreement.
The Company agrees that it shall, upon learning that disclosure of such information concerning the Investor is sought in or by a court or
governmental body of competent jurisdiction or through other means, give prompt written notice to the Investor and allow the Investor, at the
Investor’s expense, to undertake appropriate action to prevent disclosure of, or to obtain a protective order for, such information.

                    (j)       The Company shall use its commercially reasonable efforts either to cause all the Registrable Securities covered by a
Registration Statement: (i) to be listed on each securities exchange on which securities of the same class or series issued by the Company are
then listed, if any, if the listing of such Registrable Securities is then permitted under the rules of such exchange; or (ii) to secure the inclusion
for quotation on the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. OTC Bulletin Board for such Registrable Securities. The Company shall
pay all fees and expenses in connection with satisfying its obligation under this Section 3(j).

                   (k)      The Company shall cooperate with the Investor to the extent applicable, to facilitate the timely preparation and
delivery of certificates (not bearing any restrictive legend) representing the Registrable Securities to be offered pursuant to a Registration
Statement and enable such certificates to be in such denominations or amounts, as the case may be, as the Investor may reasonably request and
registered in such names as the Investor may request.

                  (l)      The Company shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to cause the Registrable Securities covered by the
applicable Registration Statement to be registered with or approved by such other governmental agencies or authorities as may be necessary to
consummate the disposition of such Registrable Securities.

                   (m)       The Company shall make generally available to its security holders as soon as practical, but not later than ninety
(90) days after the close of the period covered thereby, an earnings statement (in form complying with the provisions of Rule 158 under the
Securities Act) covering a twelve-month period beginning not later than the first day of the Company’s fiscal quarter next following the
effective date of the Registration Statement.


                                                                          5
                   (n)     The Company shall otherwise use its commercially reasonable efforts to comply with all applicable rules and
regulations of the SEC in connection with any registration hereunder.

                  (o)      Within two (2) business days after a Registration Statement which covers Registrable Securities is ordered effective
by the SEC, the Company shall deliver, and shall cause legal counsel for the Company to deliver, to the transfer agent for such Registrable
Securities (with copies to the Investor) confirmation that such Registration Statement has been declared effective by the SEC in the form
attached hereto as Exhibit “A” .

                  (p)       The Company shall take all other reasonable actions necessary to expedite and facilitate disposition by the Investor
of Registrable Securities pursuant to a Registration Statement.

         4.         Obligations of the Investor . The Investor agrees that, upon receipt of any notice from the Company of the happening of any
event of the kind described in Section 3(f) or the first sentence of 3(e), the Investor will immediately discontinue disposition of Registrable
Securities pursuant to any Registration Statement(s) covering such Registrable Securities until the Investor’s receipt of the copies of the
supplemented or amended prospectus contemplated by Section 3(e) or receipt of notice that no supplement or amendment is required.
Notwithstanding anything contained herein or in the CEF Agreement to the contrary, the Company shall cause its transfer agent to deliver
unlegended certificates for shares of Common Stock to a transferee of the Investor in accordance with the terms of the CEF Agreement in
connection with any sale of Registrable Securities with respect to which the Investor has entered into a contract for sale prior to the Investor’s
receipt of a notice from the Company of the happening of any event of the kind described in Section 3(f) or the first sentence of 3(e) and for
which the Investor has not yet settled.

         5.       Expenses of Registration . All expenses incurred in connection with registrations, filings or qualifications pursuant to this
Agreement, including, without limitation, all registration, listing and qualifications fees, printers’ fees, and legal and accounting fees shall be
paid by the Company.

       6.           Indemnification . With respect to Registrable Securities which are included in a Registration Statement under this
Agreement:


                                                                        6
                   (a)      To the fullest extent permitted by law, the Company will, and does hereby agree to indemnify, hold harmless and
defend the Investor, the directors, officers, partners, employees, agents, representatives of, and each Person, if any, who controls the Investor
within the meaning of the Securities Act or the Exchange Act (each, an “ Indemnified Person ”), against any losses, claims, demands, threats,
damages, liabilities, judgments, fines, penalties, charges, costs, reasonable attorneys’ and paralegals’ fees, amounts paid in settlement or any
other expenses of any nature whatsoever, joint or several (collectively, the “ Indemnified Damages ”) incurred in investigating, preparing or
defending any action, claim, suit, inquiry, proceeding, investigation or appeal taken from the foregoing by or before any court or governmental,
administrative or other regulatory agency, body or the SEC, whether pending or threatened, whether or not an Indemnified Person is or may be
a party thereto (collectively, the “ Claims ”), to which any Indemnified Person may become subject insofar as such Claims (or actions or
proceedings, whether commenced or threatened, in respect thereof) arise out of or are based upon: (i) any untrue statement or alleged untrue
statement of a material fact in a Registration Statement or any post-effective amendment thereto or in any filing made in connection with the
qualification of the offering under the securities or other “blue sky” laws of any jurisdiction in which Registrable Securities are offered (“ Blue
Sky Filing ”), or the omission or alleged omission to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements
therein not misleading; (ii) any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a material fact contained in any final prospectus (as amended or
supplemented, if the Company files any amendment thereof or supplement thereto with the SEC) or the omission or alleged omission to state
therein any material fact necessary to make the statements made therein, in light of the circumstances under which the statements therein were
made, not misleading; or (iii) any violation or alleged violation by the Company of the Securities Act, the Exchange Act, any state securities
law, or any rule or regulation thereunder relating to the offer or sale of the Registrable Securities pursuant to a Registration Statement (the
matters in the foregoing clauses (i) through (iii) being, collectively, the “ Violations ”). The Company shall reimburse each Indemnified Person
promptly as such Indemnified Damages are incurred and are due and payable, in connection with investigating or defending any such Claim.
Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, the indemnification agreement contained in this Section 6(a): (x) shall not apply to
a Claim by an Indemnified Person arising out of or based upon a Violation which occurs in reliance upon and in conformity with information
furnished in writing to the Company by such Indemnified Person expressly for use in connection with the preparation of the Registration
Statement or any such amendment thereof or supplement thereto; (y) shall not be available to the extent such Claim is based on a failure of the
Investor to deliver or to cause to be delivered the then-current prospectus made available by the Company, if such prospectus was timely made
available by the Company pursuant to Section 3(e); and (z) shall not apply to amounts paid in settlement of any Claim if such settlement is
effected without the prior written consent of the Company, which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed. Such
indemnity shall remain in full force and effect regardless of any investigation made by or on behalf of the Indemnified Person.

                   (b)      In connection with a Registration Statement, the Investor agrees to indemnify, hold harmless and defend, to the
same extent and in the same manner as is set forth in Section 6(a), the Company, each of its directors, each of its officers, employees,
representatives or agents and each Person, if any, who controls the Company within the meaning of the Securities Act or the Exchange Act
(each an “ Indemnified Party ”), against any Claim or Indemnified Damages to which any of them may become subject, under the Securities
Act, the Exchange Act or otherwise, insofar as such Claim or Indemnified Damages arise out of or are based upon any Violation, in each case
to the extent, and only to the extent, that such Violation occurs directly as a result of the Company’s reliance upon written information
furnished to the Company by the Investor expressly for use in connection with such Registration Statement; and, subject to Section 6(d), the
Investor will reimburse any legal or other expenses reasonably incurred by them in connection with investigating or defending any such Claim;
provided, however, that the indemnity agreement contained in this Section 6(b) and the agreement with respect to contribution contained in
Section 7 shall not apply to amounts paid in settlement of any Claim if such settlement is effected without the prior written consent of the
Investor, which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld; provided, further, however, that the Investor shall be liable under this Section 6(b)
for only that amount of a Claim or Indemnified Damages as does not exceed the net proceeds to the Investor as a result of the sale of
Registrable Securities pursuant to such Registration Statement. Such indemnity shall remain in full force and effect regardless of any
investigation made by or on behalf of such Indemnified Party. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, the indemnification
agreement contained in this Section 6(b) with respect to any prospectus shall not inure to the benefit of any Indemnified Party if the untrue
statement or omission of material fact contained in the prospectus was corrected and such new prospectus was delivered to the Investor prior to
the Investor’s use of the prospectus to which the Claim relates.


                                                                        7
                    (c)      Promptly after receipt by an Indemnified Person or Indemnified Party under this Section 6 of notice of the
commencement of any Claim (including any governmental action or proceeding), such Indemnified Person or Indemnified Party shall, if a
Claim in respect thereof is to be made against any indemnifying party under this Section 6, deliver to the indemnifying party a written notice of
the commencement of the Claim and all other information in the possession of the Indemnified Person or Indemnified Party, and the
indemnifying party shall have the right to participate in, and, to the extent the indemnifying party so desires, jointly with any other
indemnifying party similarly noticed, to assume control of the defense thereof with counsel mutually satisfactory to the indemnifying party and
the Indemnified Person or the Indemnified Party, as the case may be; provided, however, that an Indemnified Person or Indemnified Party shall
have the right to retain its own counsel with the fees and expenses of not more than one counsel for such Indemnified Person or Indemnified
Party to be paid by the indemnifying party, if, in the reasonable opinion of counsel retained by the indemnifying party, the representation by
such counsel of the Indemnified Person or Indemnified Party and the indemnifying party would be inappropriate due to actual or potential
conflicts of interest between such Indemnified Person or Indemnified Party and any other party represented by such counsel in such
proceeding. The Indemnified Party or Indemnified Person shall cooperate fully with the indemnifying party in connection with any negotiation
or defense of any such Claim and shall furnish to the indemnifying party all information reasonably available to the Indemnified Party or
Indemnified Person which relates to such Claim. The indemnifying party shall keep the Indemnified Party or Indemnified Person fully apprised
at all times as to the status of the defense or any settlement negotiations with respect thereto. No indemnifying party shall be liable for any
settlement of any Claim effected without its prior written consent, provided, however, that the indemnifying party shall not unreasonably
withhold, delay or condition its consent. No indemnifying party shall, without the prior written consent of the Indemnified Party or Indemnified
Person, consent to entry of any judgment or enter into any settlement or other compromise which does not include as an unconditional term
thereof the giving by the claimant or plaintiff to such Indemnified Party or Indemnified Person of a full and unconditional release from all
liability in respect to such Claim. Following indemnification as provided for hereunder, the indemnifying party shall be subrogated to all rights
of the Indemnified Party or Indemnified Person with respect to all third parties, firms or corporations relating to the matter for which
indemnification has been made. The failure to deliver written notice to the indemnifying party within a reasonable time of the commencement
of any such Claim shall not relieve such indemnifying party of any liability to the Indemnified Person or Indemnified Party under this
Section 6, except to the extent that the indemnifying party is prejudiced in its ability to defend such Claim.

                  (d)       The indemnification required by this Section 6 shall be made by periodic payments of the amount thereof during the
course of the investigation or defense, as and when bills are received or Indemnified Damages are incurred.

                   (e)    The indemnity agreements contained herein shall be in addition to: (i) any cause of action or similar right of the
Indemnified Party or Indemnified Person against the indemnifying party or others, and (ii) any liabilities the indemnifying party may be subject
to pursuant to the law.


                                                                       8
          7.        Contribution . To the extent any indemnification by an indemnifying party is prohibited or limited by law, the indemnifying
party agrees to make the maximum contribution with respect to any amounts for which it would otherwise be liable under Section 6 to the
fullest extent permitted by law; provided, however, that: (i) no seller of Registrable Securities guilty of fraudulent misrepresentation (within the
meaning of Section 11(f) of the Securities Act) shall be entitled to contribution from any seller of Registrable Securities who was not guilty of
fraudulent misrepresentation; and (ii) contribution by any seller of Registrable Securities shall be limited in amount to the net amount of
proceeds received by such seller from the sale of such Registrable Securities.

         8.         Reports Under the Exchange Act . With a view to making available to the Investor the benefits of Rule 144 promulgated
under the Securities Act or any similar rule or regulation of the SEC that may at any time permit the Investors to sell securities of the Company
to the public without registration (“ Rule 144 ”), the Company agrees to:

               (a)    make and keep public information available, as those terms are understood and defined in Rule 144;

            (b)    file with the SEC in a timely manner all reports and other documents required of the Company under the Securities Act
and the Exchange Act so long as the Company remains subject to such requirements (it being understood that nothing herein shall limit the
Company’s obligations under the CEF Agreement) and the filing of such reports and other documents is required for the applicable provisions
of Rule 144; and

             (c)      furnish to the Investor so long as the Investor owns Registrable Securities, promptly upon request: (i) a written statement
by the Company that it has complied with the reporting requirements of Rule 144, the Securities Act and the Exchange Act; (ii) a copy of the
most recent annual or quarterly report of the Company and such other reports and documents so filed by the Company; and (iii) such other
information as may be reasonably requested to permit the Investor to sell such securities pursuant to Rule 144 without registration and without
any limitations or restrictions.

        9.        Amendment of Registration Rights . Provisions of this Agreement may be amended and the observance thereof may be
waived (either generally or in a particular instance and either retroactively or prospectively), only by a written agreement between the
Company and the Investor. Any amendment or waiver effected in accordance with this Section 9 shall be binding upon the Investor and the
Company.

         10.         Miscellaneous .

                  (a)       Record Owner . A Person is deemed to be a holder of Registrable Securities whenever such Person owns or is
deemed to own of record such Registrable Securities. If the Company receives conflicting instructions, notices or elections from two or more
Persons with respect to the same Registrable Securities, the Company shall act upon the basis of instructions, notice or election received from
the registered owner of such Registrable Securities.

                   (b)       Further Assurances . The Company hereby covenants and agrees to execute and deliver any additional documents
necessary or desirable, in the reasonable opinion of Investor, or their respective legal counsel, to carry out the intent of this Agreement or
enforce its terms, and to otherwise allow Investor to dispose of or re-sell all Registrable Securities, and any other shares of the Company’s
Common Stock that may be owned by the Investor, whether or not same are Registrable Securities, including, without limitation, delivering, or
causing the Company’s counsel to deliver, any opinions required to remove restrictive legends or to sell any such Registrable Securities or
other shares, either pursuant to an effective Registration Statement hereunder, or pursuant to Rule 144, or otherwise.


                                                                         9
                           (c)             Notices . All notices of request, demand and other communications hereunder shall be addressed to the parties as
follows:

      If to the Company:                                                         Bluefire Renewables, Inc.
                                                                                 31 Musick
                                                                                 Irvine, CA 92618
                                                                                 Attn: Mr. Arnold R. Klann, CEO
                                                                                 Telephone: (949) 588-3767
                                                                                 Facsimile: (949) 588-3972

     With a copy to:                                                             Joseph Lucosky , Esq.
     (which shall not constitute notice)                                         Lucosky Brookman, LLP
                                                                                 33 Wood Avenue South, 6 th Floor
                                                                                 Iselin, New Jersey 08830
                                                                                 Phone: (732) 395-4400
                                                                                 Fax: (732) 395-4401
                                                                                 Email: jlucosky@lucbro.com

     If to the Investor:                                                         TCA Global Credit Master Fund, LP
                                                                                 1404 Rodman Street
                                                                                 Hollywood, FL 33020
                                                                                 Attn: Mr. Robert Press
                                                                                 Telephone: (786) 323-1650
                                                                                 Facsimile: (786) 323-1651
                                                                                 E-Mail: bpress@trafcap.com

     With a copy to:                                                             David Kahan, P.A.
     (which shall not constitute notice)                                         6420 Congress Ave., Suite 1800
                                                                                 Boca Raton, FL 33487
                                                                                 Attn: David Kahan, Esq.
                                                                                 Telephone: (561) 672-8330
                                                                                 Facsimile: (561) 672-8301
                                                                                 E-Mail: david@dkpalaw.com


unless the address is changed by the party by like notice given to the other parties. Notice shall be in writing and shall be deemed received: (i)
if mailed by certified mail, return receipt requested, postage prepaid and properly addressed to the address above, then three (3) business days
after deposit of same in a regularly maintained U.S. Mail receptacle; or (ii) if mailed by Federal Express, UPS or other nationally recognized
overnight courier service, next business morning delivery, then one (1) business day after deposit of same in a regularly maintained receptacle
of such overnight courier; or (iii) if hand delivered, then upon hand delivery thereof to the address indicated on or prior to 5:00 p.m., EST, on a
business day. Any notice hand delivered after 5:00 p.m., EST, shall be deemed delivered on the following business day. Notwithstanding the
foregoing, notice, requests or demands or other communications referred to in this Agreement may be sent by facsimile, e-mail, or other
method of delivery, but shall be deemed to have been delivered only when the sending party has confirmed (by reply e-mail or some other form
of written confirmation from the receiving party) that the notice has been received by the other party.


                                                                                     10
                  (d)       Entire Agreement . This Agreement, together with the CEF Agreement, contains the entire understanding and
agreement of the parties relating to the subject matter hereof and supersedes all prior and/or contemporaneous understandings and agreements
of any kind and nature (whether written or oral) among the parties with respect to such subject matter.

                   (e)       Governing Law . The corporate laws of the State of Nevada shall govern all issues concerning the relative rights of
the Company and the Investor under this Agreement. All other questions concerning the construction, validity, enforcement and interpretation
of this Agreement shall be governed by the internal laws of the State of Nevada, without giving effect to any choice of law or conflict of law
provision or rule (whether of the State of Nevada or any other jurisdiction) that would cause the application of the laws of any jurisdiction other
than the State of Nevada. Each party hereby irrevocably submits to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the State Courts of the State of Nevada,
sitting in Clark County, Nevada and the Federal District Court for the District of Nevada, for the adjudication of any dispute hereunder or in
connection herewith or with any transaction contemplated hereby or discussed herein, provided, however, that nothing herein shall prevent the
Investor from bringing suit or taking legal action in any other jurisdiction, and the Company hereby irrevocably waives, and agrees not to assert
in any suit, action or proceeding, any claim that it is not personally subject to the jurisdiction of any such court, that such suit, action or
proceeding is brought in an inconvenient forum or that the venue of such suit, action or proceeding is improper. Each party hereby irrevocably
waives personal service of process and consents to process being served in any such suit, action or proceeding by mailing a copy thereof to
such party at the address for such notices to it under this Agreement and agrees that such service shall constitute good and sufficient service of
process and notice thereof. Nothing contained herein shall be deemed to limit in any way any right to serve process in any manner permitted by
law. EACH PARTY HEREBY IRREVOCABLY WAIVES ANY RIGHT IT MAY HAVE, AND AGREES NOT TO REQUEST, A JURY
TRIAL FOR THE ADJUDICATION OF ANY DISPUTE HEREUNDER OR IN CONNECTION HEREWITH OR ARISING OUT OF THIS
AGREEMENT OR ANY TRANSACTION CONTEMPLATED HEREBY.

                   (f)       Severability . The parties agree that if any provision of this Agreement be held to be invalid, illegal or
unenforceable in any jurisdiction, that holding shall be effective only to the extent of such invalidity, illegally or unenforceability without
invalidating or rendering illegal or unenforceable the remaining provisions hereof, and any such invalidity, illegally or unenforceability in any
jurisdiction shall not invalidate or render unenforceable such provision in any other jurisdiction. It is the intent of the parties that this
Agreement be fully enforced to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law.

                  (g)        Binding Effect; Assignment . This Agreement and the rights and obligations hereunder may not be assigned or
delegated by either party, without the prior written consent of the other party. This Agreement shall be binding upon and shall inure to the
benefit of the parties hereto and their respective successors and permitted assigns. This Agreement is intended for the benefit of the parties
hereto and their respective permitted successors and assigns, and is not for the benefit of, nor may any provision hereof be enforced by, any
other Person.


                                                                        11
                   (h)       Headings . The section headings contained in this Agreement are inserted for reference purposes only and shall not
affect in any way the meaning, construction or interpretation of this Agreement. Any reference to the masculine, feminine, or neuter gender
shall be a reference to such other gender as is appropriate. References to the singular shall include the plural and vice versa.

                (i)      Waiver . A waiver of any breach or violation of any term, provision or covenant contained herein shall not be
deemed a continuing waiver, or a waiver of any future or past breach or violation, or a waiver of any other term, provision or covenant of this
Agreement. Any such waiver shall only be valid if it is writing and signed by the party granting such waiver.

                 (j)        Joint Preparation . The preparation of this Agreement has been a joint effort of the parties and the resulting
documents shall not, solely as a matter of judicial construction, be construed more severely against one of the parties than the other.

                   (k)      Counterparts and Execution . This Agreement may be executed in one or more counterparts, all of which taken
together shall be deemed and considered one and the same Agreement, and same shall become effective when counterparts have been signed by
each party and each party has delivered its signed counterpart to the other party. In the event that any signature is delivered by facsimile
transmission or by e-mail delivery of a “.pdf” format file or other similar format file, such signature shall be deemed an original for all purposes
and shall create a valid and binding obligation of the party executing same with the same force and effect as if such facsimile or “.pdf”
signature page was an original thereof.

                                                       [Signatures on the following page]


                                                                        12
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have executed this Agreement effective the day and year first above written.

                                                          COMPANY:

                                                          BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES, INC., a Nevada corporation

                                                          By:    /s/ Arnold Klann
                                                          Name: Arnold Klann
                                                          Title: Chief Executive Officer


                                                          INVESTOR:

                                                          TCA GLOBAL CREDIT MASTER FUND, LP

                                                          By: TCA Global Credit Fund GP, Ltd., its general partner

                                                          By:    /s/ Robert Press
                                                          Name: Robert Press
                                                          Title: Director


                                                          13
                                                               EXHIBIT “A”

                                               FORM OF NOTICE OF EFFECTIVENESS

                                                   OF REGISTRATION STATEMENT

Attention: TCA Global Credit Master Fund, LP

            Re: Bluefire Renewables, Inc.

Ladies and Gentlemen:

       We are counsel to Bluefire Renewables, Inc. (the “ Company ”), and have represented the Company in connection with that certain
Committed Equity Facility Agreement (the “ CEF Agreement ”) entered into by and between the Company and TCA Global Credit Master
Fund, LP (the “ Investor ”) pursuant to which the Company issued, or proposes to issue, to the Investor shares of its Common Stock, par value
$0.001 per share (the “ Common Stock ”). Pursuant to the CEF Agreement, the Company also has entered into a Registration Rights
Agreement with the Investor (the “ Registration Rights Agreement ”) pursuant to which the Company agreed, among other things, to register
the Registrable Securities (as defined in the Registration Rights Agreement) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “ Securities Act
”). In connection with the Company’s obligations under the Registration Rights Agreement, on __________________, the Company filed a
Registration Statement on Form ______ (File No. 333-_______) (the “ Registration Statement ”) with the Securities and Exchange
Commission (the “ SEC ”) relating to the Registrable Securities which names the Investor as a selling stockholder thereunder.

      In connection with the foregoing, we advise you that a member of the SEC’s staff has advised us by telephone that the SEC has entered
an order declaring the Registration Statement effective under the Securities Act at [ENTER TIME OF EFFECTIVENESS] on [ENTER
DATE OF EFFECTIVENESS] and we have no knowledge, after telephonic inquiry of a member of the SEC’s staff, that any stop order
suspending its effectiveness has been issued or that any proceedings for that purpose are pending before, or threatened by, the SEC and the
Registrable Securities are available for resale under the Securities Act pursuant to the Registration Statement.

                                  Very truly yours,

                                  By:


                                                                      14
                                                                                                                                 Exhibit 23.1



CONSENT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM


The Board of Directors and Shareholders
BlueFire Renewables, Inc.

We hereby consent to the use, in this Registration Statement of BlueFire Renewables, Inc. on Form S-1, of our report dated April 16, 2012,
related to the consolidated financial statements of BlueFire Renewables, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2011 and 2010 and for the
years then ended, and for the period from March 28, 2006 (“Inception”) to December 31, 2011. Our report dated April 16, 2012, contains an
explanatory paragraph that states that the Company has negative working capital and significant operating costs expected to be incurred in the
next 12 months that raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern.

We also consent to the references to us in the Experts section of the Registration Statement.


/s/ dbb mckennon
Newport Beach, California
May 4, 2012