Crisis and War in Europe by dffhrtcv3


									Crisis, War and Witchcraft
         in Europe
     Juan,Yesenia,& Carlos
  1560 – 1650 Severe economic
          and social crisis
       • Problems             • Spain – Economy
• Inflation (rising prices)     dependent on silver
  for land and food.            and mines were
• Growing population to         producing less silver.
  support.                    • Loss of Muslim and
• 1600 – economic               Jewish Artisans and
  slowdown in parts of          merchants hurt their
  Europe.                       economy.
  1560 – 1650 Severe economic
     and social crisis (cont.)
• Population Increased from about 60 million
  in 1500 to 85 million by 1600.
• Population declined by 1650 (more in the
  central and southern).
• Warfare plague and famine contributed to
  population decline.
          Witchcraft Trails
• Belief in witchcraft (or magic) was part of
  traditional village culture for centuries.
• During this time, intense hysteria affected
  lives of many Europeans.
• More than 100,000 people charged with
• As more were brought to trail, fear of
  witches grew with the fear of being
  accused of witchcraft.
     Witchcraft Trials (Cont.)
     Background Information
• Common people, usually the poor and
  those without property, were most often
  accused of such charge.
• More than 75% accused were women that
  were single or widowed and over 50 years
• Under intense torture, accused witches
  confessed to a number of practices.
• Such as. ------------------------
         Witchcraft Practices
•   Sworn allegiance to the devil.
•   Attended Sabbaths.
•   Nightly gatherings.
•   Some admitted of casting evil spells.
        Ending Of Witchcraft
• By the end of 1650       • Ending of the old view
  witchcraft hysteria        of a world haunted by
  begun to lessen and        evil spirits.
  governments grew
  stronger, fewer
  officials were willing
  to disrupt their
  societies with witch
  trials any more.
 The Stuarts and Divine Right
• With the death of       • The belief that James
  Queen Elizabeth 1         received all his power
  the Tudor dynasty         from God and was
  came to an end.           responsible only to
• The Stuart line of        God is called divine
  rulers began with         right of kings.
  accession to the          Parliament did not
  throne of Elizabeth’s     think much of this
  cousin James I of         though.
    The Stuarts and Divine Right
• The puritans didn’t like     • In 1628,parliament
  the king’s strong defense      passed a petition that
  of the church of England.      prohibited the passing’s
• Many of England’s gentry       of any taxes without
  had chosen to become           parliaments consent.
  puritans. The puritan        • Charles tried to impose
  gentry became an               more ritual on the church.
  important part of the          When he tried to impose
  House of Commons.              this puritans moved to the
• Charles I also believed in     Americas.
  the divine right of kings    • The religious struggles of
  just like his father James     the reformation impacted
  I.                             America greatly.
   The Stuarts and Divine Right
• *Civil war broke out in 1642 between the supporters
  of the kings and the parliamentary forces.
• Parliament was victorious because of the new model
  army of Oliver Cromwell.
• The new model army consisted of well disciplined and
  trained men in the new military tactics of the 17th
• Parliament later chose to execute Charles I on January
  30,1649. This left England in horrid state of mind.
• Parliament then abolished the monarchy and the house
  of Lords. They also declared England a republic or
              The Restoration
• Cromwell ruled until he      • But Charles suspended
  died in 1658. George           the laws. Parliament
  Monk created a situation       began to become
  favorable to restoring the     suspicious and forced
  monarchy in the place of       him to back down on his
  Charles the second.            action.
• Parliament passed laws       • When Charles died
  to restore the Church of       leaving no heirs to the
  England as the state           throne, James the second
  religion and restricting       became king in 1685.
  some rights of Catholics
  and puritans.
           The Restoration
• Because James was a devout catholic
  religion as once again an issue between
  parliament and king.
• He promoted Catholics to high positions in

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