Culture Esan people are ardent farmers. They also engage in other productive activities such as regional trading with their neighbors. In the arts/music arena, the Esans have various cultural dances ranging from Agbenojie, Uleke, and Ikhinabojie, Asonogun or Abayon, etc. Most notable is the highly popular acrobatic dance and display called "Igbabonehlimin." They are also gender sensitive and this reflects in every aspect of the culture. For instances, the dress code for the men (Igene) is the traditional "Ubunuku", while for title holders like Chiefs (Okhaemon), they dress in traditional "Ukponesan" with coral beads (ivie). On the other hand the women are known for their unique hair do "Eto-Okuku" adorned with coral beads as well. Their political structure is monarchical and the principle of primogeniture takes precedence. The first son of the traditional Monarch named the "Onojie" usually inherits the rulership of the village/town after the demise of his father. This historical value is applicable to all independent homesteads. As it relates to religion, Esan's idea of a supreme being is monotheistic, "Osanobua" "God". However, some Esans also acknowledge the existence of lesser gods or deities. Esan Local Government Areas / Edo State, Nigeria: 1. ESAN-CENTRAL Headquaters: Irrua Official Address: Esan Central Local Government Secretariat, P. M. B. 04, Irrua. Telephone: 08033547226, 08058815770. Major Year of Creation: 1991 Towns and Villages: Irrua, Ewu, Adenu, Ugbalo, Ibore,( Unia: comprises Ibore, Atuagbo & Ugboha) Unogbo, Opoji, Idumoza, Ugbegun, Imokano, Afuogbo,Okharomi, Equare, Atuagbo Ujabhole, Ibhiolulu, Udomi, Afuda, Idumoza, Ohe, Idumoghodor, Ehenwen, Idoa, Uzokholo, Ehanlen, Eko, Ekori, Eko, Iduwele, Ugbokhare, Ekilor to name a few. Economic Mainstays: Commerce, Cottage industry, Agriculture, Funiture Making, Wood processing Tourist Centers/Attractions: Lake Obiemen, Obiemen Shrine, Ogirrua's Palace and Ugbalo spring Natural Resources: Kaolin, Clay and Timber Major Agricultural Products: Yam, Tomatoes, Rice Pineapple, Kolanuts, Rubber, Oil palm. Cassava and Oranges Health Facilities: The Irrua Specialist Hospital, (Otibhor Okhae Hospital, Irrua, Edo State the School of Nursing and Midwifery, public primary health centers, public and private hospitals such as the Zuma Memorial Hospital. clinics and maternity homes. . clinics and maternity homes. Educational Facilities: Famous secondary schools such as Annuociation Catholic College in Irrua, Igueben College, Ewu Grammar School, Uneah Sec School as well as Adult Education Centers which were set up to provide education for adults without formal education. 1. ESAN-West Headquaters: Ekpoma Official Address: Esan West Local Government Secretariat P.M.B 03, Ekpoma. Telephone: 055-98741, 98383, 98384, 98470, 98488 Major Year of Creation: 1991 Towns and Villages: Ekpoma, Iruekpen, Ujemen, Idemebo, Ihumudumu, Uhiele, Emuhi, Uke, Ekhiro, Ukpenu, Ujoelen Eguare,Emaudo,Egoro Amede,Egoro Naoka, Ebhakuala,Ukhun,Idoa,Urohi, Akahio, Illeh, Ujogba. Economic Mainstays: Commerce, Cottage industries, Farming Wood processing, Furniture making. Tourist Centers/Attractions: Commemorative statue of Professor Ambrose Alli, Ibiekuma River and Onojie Palacesg Natural Resources: Limestone and Timber Major Agricultural Products: Cocoa, Oil palm, Rubber, Kolanuts, Cassava, Cocoyam Pineapple, Rice and Citrus fruits. Health Facilities: The Professor Ambrose Alli University Teaching Hospital is at Ekpoma, along with various public health centers, private and public hospitals, clinics and maternity homes. . clinics and maternity homes. Educational Facilities: In addition to the Prof. Ambrose Alli University Ekpoma, there are forty eight(48) primary schools and twelve(12) Ekpoma, Christ Fondation Nursery and Primary School; secondary schools including Mousco International School; Christ the King Nursery & Primary School, Christ Adam College, Cosmopiltan Church Primary School, Ujoelen Grammar School Ujoelen, Ekpoma. 1. ESAN-NORTH-EAST Headquaters: Uromi Official Address: Esan North East Local Government Secretariat P.M.B 013, Uromi. Telephone: 055-98741, 98383, 98384, 98470, 98488 Major Year of Creation: 1991 Towns and Villages: Uromi, Egbele, Unuwazi, Utako, Onewa, Awo, Uzea, Eror, Idumoza, Arue, Ubieru-Oke, Ebue, Ewoyi, Odigule, Eguare, Oyomo, Eko-Ibadin, Efandion, Atani, Alor-Oke, Amedokhia, Ukoni, Ewoki, Ebu. Economic Mainstays: Commrece, Cottage industry, Agriculture, Funiture making, Wood processing Tourist Centers/Attractions: The Onojie Palaces. Natural Resources: Rubber, Kaolin and Timber Major Agricultural Products: Cassava, Rice, Yam, Maize, Tomatoes, Okro, Melon Cocoyam Rubber Health Facilities: The General Hospital, Uromi. clinics and maternity homes. . Educational Facilities: There are fifteen(15) secondary schools and thirty five(35 private primary schools. Among these schools are the Our Ladies of Lourdes Girls College, Onewa Technical College 1. ESAN-SOUTH-EAST Headquaters: Ubiaja Official Address: Esan South east Local Government Secretariat P.M.B 002, Ubiaja Telephone: 055-91250 Major Year of Creation: 1991 Towns and Villages: Ubiaja,Ewwatto, Emu, Ewohimi, Orowa, Inyelen, Illushi, Oria, Ogboha, Ifeku, Uroh, Onogholo, Amalu, Udokpa, etc. Economic Mainstays: Agriculture, Cottage industry, Fishing, Trading, Wood processing, poultry, pottery Tourist Centers/Attractions: The Onojie Palaces. Natural Resources: Clay, Kaolin, Sandstone, Laterite, Timber Major Agricultural Products: Cassava, Rice, Yam, Maize, Melon, Fish, Okro, Rubber, Cocoyam Health Facilities: The General Hospital, Ubiaja. . Educational Facilities: There are ten (10) public secondary schools and forty public primary schools. 1. Igueben Headquaters: Igueben Official Address: Egueben Local Government Secretariat, Igueben. Telephone: . Major Year of Creation: 1991 Towns and Villages: Igueben, Ebelle, Okalo, Ewossa, Ekpon, Amahor, Idomogo, Obierumu, Egbessan, Ugun and Udo to name a few. Economic Mainstays: Commerce, Agriculture, Fishing and poultry Tourist Centers/Attractions: The Okomu-udo National Game Reserve, and Amahor waterfalls Natural Resources: Kaolin, Clay and Timber, laterite, rubber and sandstone Major Agricultural Products: Yam, Rice, Okro, Rubber, cocoyam, Cassava and Oranges Health Facilities: The General Hospital, Igueben. . clinics and maternity homes. Educational Facilities: Igueben College and Igueben Grammar School. History and Objectives On January 28th, 2007 in Chicago, Illinois, a group of individuals from Esanland in Edo State of Nigeria met to deliberate on issues concerning Esan People. To this end, the Esan World Congress (Formally Esan National Congress, USA/Canada Inc) was formally created with the following objectives declared: a. To unify every Esan indigenes everywhere. b. To promote, protect and advance Esan culture and civilization through self help projects and government projects. c. To facilitate progress and development of Esan land. d. To promote and cultivate civic responsibility among Esan indigenes. e. To promote the advancement and welfare of Esan indigenes. f. To promote harmony and peaceful co-existence with other ethnic groups in Edo State, Nigeria and all over the world. g. To set target goals and objectives, develop the goals and implement them as quickly as expeditiously as possible. h. To organize a focus group that would continue to help implement defined goals and objectives in Esan land. i. To utilize all avenues and opportunities not in contravention with laws to foster the goals and objectives outlined herein. j. Build liaison with other Esan indigenes across the world. k. Strive to maintain close relationships, support one another, sustain and promote Esan culture and historical values as well as our language, and rich heritage. At the Chicago meetings, the membership to the Congress was declared open to all organizations that represent the Esan people in the United States of America and Canada. All individuals who were interested in joining Congress were welcomed to join a local organization within their regional district in order to participate in the programs of the Congress. All organizations seeking membership to the Congress will need to complete the application process, which includes the submission of application form and supporting documents to the Secretariat via the Congressï¿½ General Secretary currently located in Boston, MA. The form for this process can be obtained from the Secretariat. As the Congress moves forward in pursuit of her mission and objectives, only individuals who are certified members of the organization will be sought to serve in various roles within the Congress. The roles that will require such services include but are not limited to the a. EWC Executives, b. Council of Presidents, c. Board of Trustees d. Constitution Review Committee, and e. Convention Committee among others. Selection to these committees can be achieved through elections and or appointments. At the Chicago meetings, the Congress appointed the "Caretaker Committee" led by Mr. Victor Eboh who served as the Interim President to act as executives of the Congress. A "Board of Trustees" was also appointed in an advisory capacity to the Caretaker Committee. The Presidents of the various organizations that were represented at the meetings constituted the "Council of Presidents" for the Congress. A team was constituted to draft a working Constitution for the Congress. The Constitution was ratified and officially adopted in Dallas, Texas in January of 2008 by the members of the Congress. This Constitution provides the framework for the administration of the mission and objectives of the Congress. First Annual Convention The hosting of the first ENC Annual Convention of the Congress was awarded to Chicago's United Esan Organization and was held on the first weekend of July of 2008 in Chicago, IL under the leadership of the President of the Association, Mr. Paul Ijiewere who was elected to take the leadership of the Congress in January of 2008 in Dallas, TX. The EWC Annual Convention will be hosted on a rotational basis by the members of the Congress during the Memorial Day weekend in the month of May of every year. Different members of the Congress will be given the opportunity to present a bid proposal for the intent to host the Convention of the Congress. The award of the rights to host the Convention shall be by the Executives, companioned with the Leadership Team, followed by the approval of the Congress. The election of officers to Executive positions will be held every two years during the Annual Convention. All individuals interested in serving in Executive positions shall be required to participate in the electoral process to be announced a few months before the elections. Successful candidates will be sworn-in at the Convention. The next scheduled elections will be held during the 2010 Convention. Second Annual Convention The hosting of the second EWC Annual Convention of the Congress was awarded to Esan Progressive Association of Atlanta, GA and will be held during the Memorial Day weekend in the month of May in Atlanta , GA under the leadership of the current President of the Congress, Dr. Sylvester Fadal who was elected in January 2009 in Boston, MA .. Historical Geographic's of Esan Land : The rich heritage of Esan cannot be emphasized enough. Geographically, Esanland is located in the former Mid-Western State of Nigeria, which is part of the Niger-Delta zone, now being referred to as the South-South region. Before the creation of Edo State in 1991, Esanland was located in the defunct Bendel State. Originally, Esan was a division of the Mid-Western Region with Benin City as its Headquarter. It occupies about 43008.42 square kilometers segmented into two local government areas named: a. Agbazilo to the east and b. Okpebholo to the west. In recent times, the number of the administrative units has increased to five, namely: Esan Central, Esan West, Esan North East, Esan South East and Igueben from the former Okpebholo and Agbazilo. The major Esan groups are: Irrua, Uromi, Ekpoma, Ubiaja, Ugboha, Ewohimi, Ewu, Igueben, Ohordua, Uneah, Ebelle, Ugbegun, Opoji, Okhuesan, Ekpon, Ewossa, Emu, Amahor, Ogwa, Ugun, Oria, Ewatto, Ikekato, Urohi, Uzea, Udo, Ukhun, Egoro, Ujiogba, Idoa, Orowa, Okalo. It is important for the sake of history to mention that most ancient villages and town that eventually metamorphosed into the groups above still bear their original names and are still in existence except for Ezen, which has gone into extinction. In the current political dispensation, Edo State is delineated into three senatorial zones that are classified according to their geographical locations. By this classification, Esanland is presently known as the Edo Central senatorial zone. This position aptly describes the central role that Esanland plays in the political process of the state. Esanland serves as the buffer zone between the North and the South districts of the state.
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