Prehistoric Art Purpose and Function of Art Why do humans create art? What makes something art? Is art always art? What mediums do artists use? ? Location Dating of Palaeolithic sites. . . Geographical spread. . . Majority of finds are described as “Franco- Cantabrian” because. . . Types and Techniques Art historians divide prehistoric art into two categories. . . Various techniques were used including. . Quality improved with time. Palaeolithic art was true to life figurative work with a developed sense of realism. Mesolithic art featured strongly idealized figurative art Neolithic art featured symbolic schematic art with a great deal of abstraction. Figurative art Female figurines have been found throughout Europe. Purpose of prehistoric art Art was probably magico-religious in nature. Female figurines were probably. . . Representations of animals suggested. . . They may have also been attempts to. . . Cave Paintings Paintings were usually of animals including. . . They also engraved animal shapes on walls. In several instances, earlier paintings have been covered with new paintings. In the Mediterranean area, massive rock engravings using. . . Cave paintings ended between 13,000 and 12,000 years ago. Levantine Art Located on the east coast of Spain, the art features animated scenes of hunting with humans as the dominant feature. This occurred. . . Cave Painting Websites The Cave of Chauvet Pont d’arc http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/arcnat/ chauvet/en/index.html The Cave of Lascaux http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/arcnat/ lascaux/en/index.html Works Cited “Contribution of the Department of Prehistory, IH (CSIC) to EuroPreArt.” CSIC. 23 Aug. 2006 <http://www.europreart.net/csic2.htm>. The History of Art. Ann Arbor: Lowe & B. Hould, 1988. “Venus Figures from the Stone Age.” Don’s Maps. 23 Aug. 2006 <http://donsmaps.com/venus.html>.
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