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Plantation of Ulster

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					The Plantation of
    Ulster!
        The plantation of Ulster!

• The plantation happened about 400 years
  ago.
• Thousands of people from Scotland and
  England moved to Ulster during the reign
  of king James the first.
• The plantation effected 6 out of 9 counties
  of Ulster, these included:
    • Donegal              • Derry
    • Tyrone               • Armagh
    • Fermanagh            • Cavan
             Map of the plantation



In Antrim and
This map shows
Down substantial
the counties in
Presbyterian
red that were
planted during
Scottish
settlements had
the plantation of
been underway
Ulster under the
since of King
reign at least 1606
James I
     What does Plantation Mean?

Colonization or
 settlement of
 emigrants, especially
 of English and then
 Scottish families in     LetsLet us start
                                go
                             to a colony!
 Ireland in the 16th -    Ireland!
 17th centuries under
 government
 sponsorship!!
 Main people involved in the plantation
 • There were two main people behind the plantation of
   Ulster. These people were Sir Arthur Chichester, and Sir
   John Davies.
Sir Arthur Chichester was the       Sir John Davies was a poet and a
king’s chief official in Ireland    lawyer. He held the important
and was also know as the “Lord      position of Attorney-General of
Deputy”. Sir Arthur was a           Ireland. He was a strong
experienced soldier. He had         Supporter of the
                  been sent to      idea of the
                  Ulster by Queen   plantation. He
                  Elizabeth I. He   acquired some
                  suggested to      land for himself
                  have              in counties
                  plantations in    Fermanagh and
                  Ulster.           Tyrone During
                                    the taking over of land.
       Why Was Ulster Planted?

There are many reasons for why Ulster was
  planted. These include;
• England did not want enemies to use
  Ireland as a base so that they could attack
  England with more ease.
• The British Empire wanted to increase the
  amount of land they owned
• The British Empire wanted to have more
• The British Empire wanted to change the
  main religion of Ireland from Catholic to
  Protestant.
        Who was the Land Given to?
                            King

                           London
                          Companies

      English and                          Native Irish
                          Servitors
       Scottish
        Settlers

                            Irish
                           Tenants
The king shared the Land among the London companies who
then distributed the land between the servitors, English and
Scottish settlers and the Native Irish.
After they had been granted the land, only the servitors where
allowed to take on Irish tenants because they were former
soldiers and could handle if the Irish started rioting.
     What London Companies Came to
               Ireland?
• There were many London companies that came to
  Ireland during the plantation. In Total, there
  were 108.
• The main 6 are as follows –
Mercers –                               Grocers –
           The Company's aim was                 This Company was
           to act as a trade                      responsible for
           association for general                maintaining the purity
           merchants, and                         of spices. They were
           especially for exporters               also responsible for the
of wool and importers of velvet, silk             setting of
and other luxurious fabrics.            certain weights and measures.
             What London Companies
                Came to Ireland?
Fishmongers –                        Ironmongers –
          This company was                           This Company
          responsible for the                        made Iron and
          sale fish and seafood                      sold it to
          throughout the                             merchants who
          British Empire                             would then sell it
                                                     on


Vintners –
                                     Goldsmiths –
             This company was
                                                    This company
             responsible for the
                                                    made jewellery
             sale of wine. They
                                                    from all kinds of
             were aloud to sell it
                                                    materials. The
             without a licence
                                                    merchants
                                                    purchased the
                                        jewellery from them
     How Successful was the
          Plantation?
The plantation was more successful in some
  areas than in others!
• Many of the men from England and
  Scotland who received grants of land in
  the six Plantation counties sold out
  quickly and returned to their homelands.
• Some of them found it almost impossible
  to encourage British families to settle on
  their estates.
• Others were successful in bringing over
  settlers and introducing new farming
  practices and industries
What were the long term effects of the
            plantation?
The Plantations had a profound impact on Ireland in
  several ways.
• Gaelic Irish culture was sidelined and English replaced
  Irish as the language of power and business.
• Most of the settler population now lived in permanent
  towns or villages, rather than living in small town
  lands and migrating from place to place.
What has lived on from the Plantation
              of Ulster?
• Castles - The English and Scottish had
  to build strong buildings on their lands
  – usually castles. Some of these castle
  are still around from the Plantation
  such as Tully Castle and Monea Castle
  in County Tyrone

                         • Churches - These are Protestant
                           churches from when the English were
                           trying to change the religion of
                           Ireland from Catholic to Protestant.
                           An example of a Church still left from
                           the Plantation is St Columb’s
                           Cathedral in Londonderry which is
                           still used everyday.
Thanks For Watching!
 This PowerPoint was brought to
 you by
 •Paul McCarron,
 •Francesca Mckee &
 •Eamon Devlin

				
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