The Plantation of
The plantation of Ulster!
• The plantation happened about 400 years
• Thousands of people from Scotland and
England moved to Ulster during the reign
of king James the first.
• The plantation effected 6 out of 9 counties
of Ulster, these included:
• Donegal • Derry
• Tyrone • Armagh
• Fermanagh • Cavan
Map of the plantation
In Antrim and
This map shows
the counties in
red that were
the plantation of
Ulster under the
since of King
reign at least 1606
What does Plantation Mean?
of English and then
Scottish families in LetsLet us start
to a colony!
Ireland in the 16th - Ireland!
17th centuries under
Main people involved in the plantation
• There were two main people behind the plantation of
Ulster. These people were Sir Arthur Chichester, and Sir
Sir Arthur Chichester was the Sir John Davies was a poet and a
king’s chief official in Ireland lawyer. He held the important
and was also know as the “Lord position of Attorney-General of
Deputy”. Sir Arthur was a Ireland. He was a strong
experienced soldier. He had Supporter of the
been sent to idea of the
Ulster by Queen plantation. He
Elizabeth I. He acquired some
suggested to land for himself
have in counties
plantations in Fermanagh and
Ulster. Tyrone During
the taking over of land.
Why Was Ulster Planted?
There are many reasons for why Ulster was
planted. These include;
• England did not want enemies to use
Ireland as a base so that they could attack
England with more ease.
• The British Empire wanted to increase the
amount of land they owned
• The British Empire wanted to have more
• The British Empire wanted to change the
main religion of Ireland from Catholic to
Who was the Land Given to?
English and Native Irish
The king shared the Land among the London companies who
then distributed the land between the servitors, English and
Scottish settlers and the Native Irish.
After they had been granted the land, only the servitors where
allowed to take on Irish tenants because they were former
soldiers and could handle if the Irish started rioting.
What London Companies Came to
• There were many London companies that came to
Ireland during the plantation. In Total, there
• The main 6 are as follows –
Mercers – Grocers –
The Company's aim was This Company was
to act as a trade responsible for
association for general maintaining the purity
merchants, and of spices. They were
especially for exporters also responsible for the
of wool and importers of velvet, silk setting of
and other luxurious fabrics. certain weights and measures.
What London Companies
Came to Ireland?
Fishmongers – Ironmongers –
This company was This Company
responsible for the made Iron and
sale fish and seafood sold it to
throughout the merchants who
British Empire would then sell it
This company was
responsible for the
sale of wine. They
from all kinds of
were aloud to sell it
without a licence
jewellery from them
How Successful was the
The plantation was more successful in some
areas than in others!
• Many of the men from England and
Scotland who received grants of land in
the six Plantation counties sold out
quickly and returned to their homelands.
• Some of them found it almost impossible
to encourage British families to settle on
• Others were successful in bringing over
settlers and introducing new farming
practices and industries
What were the long term effects of the
The Plantations had a profound impact on Ireland in
• Gaelic Irish culture was sidelined and English replaced
Irish as the language of power and business.
• Most of the settler population now lived in permanent
towns or villages, rather than living in small town
lands and migrating from place to place.
What has lived on from the Plantation
• Castles - The English and Scottish had
to build strong buildings on their lands
– usually castles. Some of these castle
are still around from the Plantation
such as Tully Castle and Monea Castle
in County Tyrone
• Churches - These are Protestant
churches from when the English were
trying to change the religion of
Ireland from Catholic to Protestant.
An example of a Church still left from
the Plantation is St Columb’s
Cathedral in Londonderry which is
still used everyday.
Thanks For Watching!
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