"The Grapes of Wrath Religion & Philosophy"
The Grapes of Wrath Religion & Philosophy Religion and Philosophy I. Structure similar to story of Moses A. Drought in Oklahoma = enslavement of the Jews (Bank = Egyptian oppressor) B. Journey 1. Journey to CA = 40 yrs. Wandering in the desert 2. New laws in roadside camps = 10 commandments C. Arrival in CA = Promised Land II. Characters A. Jim Casey = JC (although some see as Moses – leader of the people) 1. Past – preacher 2. Present – goes on retreat = Jesus in wilderness – transformed a. Forgiveness – there is no such thing as sin. b. Brotherhood – sharing – does women’s work - Al at end – tears down tarp – tear away what separates you from other families 3. Sacrifice a. Stands in for Tom b. Doesn’t resist at strike c. Says “You don’t know what your doin’” 4. Jesus Christ had 12 disciples B. Rose of Sharon 1. Biblical source for name 2. Her baby = Moses – go and tell ‘em 3. Christians believe that in communion Christ gives himself, body and blood, in the form of bread and wine C. Uncle John 1. Opposite of Casey in that John is old religion – filled with guilt 2. Lizbeth Sandry – old religion Steinbeck – believed that the Bible contained basic truths about human nature and human life although he was against organized religion. He needed to appeal to his audience in different ways to get his message across. Other Philosophies • Humanism – Man is the center and the source of the truth and what is right – Man has the ability to effect change • Transcendentalism – Oversoul • Casey – One big soul • Tom – “A fella ain’t got a soul of his own, but on’y a part of a big one.”(537) • Ma – We’re the people Uproar • When the book was written there was tremendous uproar – Anti-business – Anti-Christian – Communist – Language – Last scene