PowerPoint Presentation - Lecturer EEPIS

					Role Playing Game
   Game Categories
   Defining Game Genres
   Game Genres
   Mixing it up




             game genres
   Shooter                     Fighting
   Adventure                   Vehicle Simulation
   Strategy                    Online

   Puzzle                      Sports
                                Rhythm Action
   Platform
                                Reward Games
   Role-Playing
                                Massively multiplayer

               game genres
       Mostly shooting!




game genres
   Exploring a storyline




game genres
Managing and manipulating resources




      game genres
         Solving puzzles




game genres
              Jumping!




game genres
Developing characters (with attributes) over
                   time




          game genres
Melee (hand to hand) combat




  game genres
        Driving vehicles




game genres
      Sports simulation




game genres
 Move in time to visual
 or audio cues (music)




game genres
              Win money




game genres
100+ of players in the same world




     game genres
•   More narrowly defined descriptions of
    gameplay
•   All the games within the genre share
    characteristics
•   Some games do not fit into a single
    genre
•   New genres will emerge


            game genres
   Why are you playing the game?
   What gameplay mechanisms are you
    engaging in, second to second?




             game genres
   What is the pace of the game?
   How many decisions do you need to make
    per second/minute?




             game genres
   Is the plot essential to the game?
   Could you play the game if you didn’t know
    the plot?




              game genres
How do we see the action?




 game genres
 1st Person
   Looking through player character’s eyes
 3rd Person
   Camera attached to player character
 Character Independent
   Player controlled or fixed to the environment




              game genres
   How critical is the player’s reaction time?
   Are fast reactions and feedback required?




              game genres
   Fast
   Moderate
   Slow




               game genres
   How quickly do things occur?
   How fast does the player have to think?
   Are there time constraints?




              game genres
   High
   Medium
   Low




             game genres
   Sequence of story events
   Does the plot play a major role in the game?
     Important
     Moderate
     Unimportant
     None




                 game genres
   Is there an end to the game?
     Doom (complete levels)
     Myst (solve all the puzzles)
     The player can win
   Is it open ended?
     Sim City (toy-like)
     Space Invaders (try for high score)
     The game is endless
   Both – it’s up to the player
     Civilization 2 (reach nearest star/continue to manage
      empire)


                game genres
                1st Person Single Player
                1st Person Multiplayer Shooter
                3rd Person Shooter
                2D Shooter
Category         Genre                Point of view      Player      Pace   Plot          Game       Examples
                                                         reactions          importance    victory?
Shooter          1st Person           1st person         Fast        High   Moderate      Yes        Doom, Quake, Unreal
                 Single Player
                 1st Person           1st person         Fast        High   Unimportant   No         Counter-Strike, Tribes, Quake Arena,
                                                                                                     Unreal Tournament, Team Fortress,
                 Multiplayer                                                                         Battlefield 1942, Star Wars Battlefront



                 3rd Person Shooter   3rd Person         Fast        High   Moderate      Yes        Gears of War, Resident Evil 4, Max
                                                                                                     Payne




                 2D Shooter           Chr. independent   Fast        High   Unimportant   Yes/No     Space Invaders, Asteroids, R-Type




           Should there be a separate ‘Bulletstorm’ genre (not the game)?
                Action Adventure
                Survival Horror
                Puzzle Adventure


Category        Genre             Point of view Player      Pace     Plot         Game       Examples
                                  (camera)      reactions            importance   victory?
Adventure       Action            3rd person       Fast     Medium   Important    Yes        Tomb Raider, Indiana Jones and the
                                                                                             Infernal Machine, Beyond Good and Evil
                Adventure
                Survival Horror   3rd Person       Fast     Medium   Important    Yes        Resident Evil, Silent Hill

                Puzzle            Character        Slow     Low      Important    Yes        Myst, Grim Fandango

                Adventure         independent




                                     game genres
               Real Time Strategy                                 • Virtual Pets
               God                                                • Board Game
               Management

Category       Genre            Point of view Player        Pace     Plot          Game       Examples
                                (camera)      reactions              importance    victory?
Strategy       Real Time        Character        Moderate   High     Moderate      Yes        Dune 2, Age of Empires, Rome Total
                                                                                              War
               Strategy – RTS   independent
               God              Character        Moderate   Medium   Moderate      Yes/No     Black and White, Civilisation 3, The Sims

                                independent
               Management       Character        Slow       Low      Unimportant   Yes/No     Championship Manager, Railroad Tycoon

                                independent
               Virtual Pets     3rd Person       Slow       Low      None          No         Tamagotchi, Creatures, The Sims

               Board Game       Character        Slow       Low      None          Yes        Chess, Monopoly, Scrabble, Risk

                                independent




                                   game genres
            Puzzle

Category      Genre    Camera           Response    Pace    Plot Import   Game      Examples
                                        (Twitch)                          Victory


Puzzle        Puzzle   Character        Fast–Slow   High-Low None         No        Tetris, Minesweeper,
                       independent                                                  Bubble Bobble, Pinball,
                                                                                    Breakout




                          game genres
               2D Platform
               3D Platform


Category       Genre         Point of view Player      Pace   Plot          Game       Examples
                             (camera)      reactions          importance    victory?
Platform       2D Platform   Character        Fast     High   Unimportant   Yes        Sonic the Hedgehog, Super Mario
                                                                                       Brothers
                             independent
               3D Platform   3rd Person       Fast     High   Moderate/     Yes        Super Mario 64, Prince of Persia Sands
                                                                                       of Time
                                                              Important




                                game genres
     Role Playing Game – RPG
     Massively Multiplayer Role Playing Game – MMORPG
     Multi-User Dungeon - MUD


Category     Genre            Point of view Player      Pace     Plot         Game       Examples
                              (camera)      reactions            importance   victory?
Role playing Role-Playing  Any               Moderate   Medium   Important    Yes        Deus Ex, Baldur’s Gate, Final Fantasy,
                                                                                         Knights of the Old Republic
             Game – RPG
             Massively     1st or 3rd person Moderate   Medium   Important    No         Ultima Online, Everquest, Anarchy
                                                                                         Online, Guild Wars, World of Warcraft,
             Multiplayer                                                                 Eve Online
             Role-Playing
             Game
             (MMORPG)
             Multi-User    1st Person Text Slow         Low      Important    No         MUD

             Dungeon - MUD


                             Should there be a separate Japanese RPG genre?
                                 game genres
               Fighting – 2D and 3D

Category       Genre         Point of view Player      Pace   Plot          Game       Examples
                             (camera)      reactions          importance    victory?
Fighting or   Fighting (2D   3rd person or    Fast     High   Unimportant   No         Virtua Fighter, Tekken, Mortal Combat

‘Beat ‘em up’ and 3D)        character
                             independent




           Should 2D fighting games be a separate genre?



                                game genres
              Military                                        • Imaginary
                Plane, Tank                                      – Space, Submarine
              Civilian
                Plane, Train
Category       Genre              Camera          Response      Pace     Plot Import   Game      Examples
                                                  (Twitch)                             Victory
Vehicle        Military (Plane,   1st or 3rd person Fast-       High-    Secondary     No        IL-2 Sturmovik, Falcon 4,
Simulation     Tank)                                Moderate    Medium   importance              Battle for Britain, Silent
                                                                                                 Hunter, Battlezone
               Civilian (Plane,   1st or 3rd person Moderate    Low      Unimportant   No        Microsoft Flight
               Train)                                                                            Simulator, Microsoft Train
                                                                                                 Simulator, Midtown
                                                                                                 Madness 1 and 2
               Imaginary          1st or 3rd person Fast-       Medium   Secondary     Yes/No    Freespace 2, X-Beyond
               (Space)                              Moderate             importance              the Frontier, Elite, X2-
                                                                                                 The Threat




                                    game genres
              Team
              Solo
              Racing
Category       Genre         Camera              Response   Pace   Plot Import   Game      Examples
                                                 (Twitch)                        Victory
Sports         Team Sports   Any                 Fast       High   None          Yes/No    Sensible Soccer, Fifa Football, NBA
                                                                                                   Live

               Solo Sports   1st or 3rd person   Fast       High   None/mod’te   Yes/No    WWF SmackDown, Tony Hawks
                                                                                                Skateboarding, Tiger Woods
                                                                                                PGA Tour



               Racing        1st or 3rd person   Fast       High   None/mod’te   Yes/No    Gran Tourismo, Colin Mcrae




               Fantasy       1st or 3rd person   Fast       High   None/mod’te   Yes/No    Wipeout, Speedball, Pod Racer




                                   Is WWF SmackDown ‘Sports’ or ‘Beat ‘em up?’
                               game genres
              Rhythm Action
Category       Genre           Camera          Response   Pace   Plot Import   Game      Examples
                                               (Twitch)                        Victory
Rhythm         Rhythm Action   Character       Fast       High   None          No        Parappa the Rapper,
Action                         independent                                               Britney’s Dance Beat,
                                                                                         Guitar Hero 3




                                 game genres
              Gambling
              Game show
              Quiz
              Card
Category       Genre        Camera          Response   Pace   Plot Import   Game      Examples
                                            (Twitch)                        Victory


Reward         Gambling     Character       Slow       Low    None          No        Casino websites
Games                       independent

               Game show    Character       Slow       Low    None          Yes       Who Wants To Be A
                            independent                                               Millionaire, The Weakest
                                                                                      Link

               Quiz         Character       Slow       Low    None          Yes       Trivial Pursuit
                            independent

               Card Games   Character       Slow       Low    None          No        Poker, Bridge
                            independent




                              game genres
                   Massively Multiplayer Online
                     Military Vehicle Simulation
                     Space sim/strategy


Massively          Massively     1st or 3rd person Moderate   Medium   Important   No   Eve Online, World of Warcraft

Multiplayer        Multiplayer
(see MMORPG)       Online Game
                   (MMOG)




        Also see Role Playing Games – MMORPG could be added here.
                                 What new MMOGs are on the way?
                       Should they all be incorporated in other genres?

                                    game genres
   Games with stealth are found in:
     Action Adventure (Splinter Cell)
     First Person Shooter (Thief – Deadly Shadows)
     Role Playing Game (Morrowind, Oblivion, Fallout
     3)




               game genres
   The genre of some games is determined by
    the way they are played.
     Civilisation – Conquest, diplomacy, economics,
      resource management
     Thief – Shooter or Stealth
     Dark Messiah – RPG, 1st person shooter




               game genres
   Are game genres defined subjectively or
    objectively?
   The player’s experience determines the genre
   The same game can offer different
    experiences (genres)




              game genres
   Compare with the mixing of film genres,
    Alien, for example, is a mix of horror and
    science fiction
   Are game genres becoming mixed as the
    medium matures?
   Vice City, GTA 4 for example



              game genres
   Mixing up genres can create original
    gameplay…




              game genres
   Is there a new interactive drama genre
    emerging?
     Led by Alan Wake and Heavy Rain




              game genres
   Interactive Drama
   PlayStation 3
   Quantic Dream
   February 2010



                        game genres
   Interactive Drama
   Remedy Entertainment
   Xbox 360
   May 2010

                   game genres
    Other ways of defining
        game genres
• Have a look at other ways of defining
  game genres.
• Look in the unit’s recommended books
• Look at how they are defined on
  websites like Wikipedia
• Look at how they are defined in
  magazines
          game genres

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:13
posted:5/1/2012
language:
pages:48