BLUE RIDGE HIGH SCHOOL
2010-2011 SCHOOL YEAR
SYLLABUS FOR CHEMISTY HONORS
UNIT CREDIT = 1
INSTRUCTOR: MR. JOEL T. PERKIN
Chemistry Honors is a college preparatory course designed to challenge and give students
the skills needed to prepare for work in a science related field, medicine or engineering.
Chemistry Honors is not a memorization course. Students must build on previous
knowledge obtained throughout the semester. The skills and concepts taught in the class
includes but not limited to: laboratory safety and proper use of handling chemicals,
atomic structure, chemical bonding, chemical nomenclature, writing formulas, balancing
equations, mass-mole conversions, stoichiometric calculations, gas laws, etc.
Textbook: Modern Chemistry: Holt, Rinehart, Winston
Course Pre-Assessment: 17 August 2010
Unit 1 Introduction to Chemistry and Matter
Chapter 1 Matter and Change
Chapter 2 Measurements and Calculations
Assessment 1: 26 August 2010
Unit 2 Organization of Matter
Chapter 3 Atoms: The Building Blocks of Matter
Chapter 4 Arrangement of Electrons in Atoms
Chapter 5 The Periodic Law
Chapter 6 Chemical Bonding
Assessment 2: 15 September 2010
Unit 3 Language of Chemistry
Chapter 7 Chemical Formulas and Chemical compounds
Chapter 8 Chemical Equations and Reactions
Chapter 9 Stoichiometry
Assessment 3: 1 October 2010
Unit 4 Phases of Matter
Chapter 10 States of Matter
Chapter 11 Gases
Assessment 4: 18 October 2010
Unit 5 Solutions
Chapter 12 Solutions
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Chapter 13 Ions in Aqueous Solutions and Colligative Properties
Chapter 14 Acids and Bases
Chapter 15 Acid-Base Titration and pH
Assessment 5: 5 November 2010
Unit 6 Kinetics
Chapter 16 Reaction Energy
Chapter 17 Reaction Kinetics
Chapter 18 Chemical Equilibrium
Assessment 6: 22 November 2010
Unit 7 Electron Chemistry
Chapter 19 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
Chapter 20 Electrochemistry
Assessment 7: 6 December 2010
Unit 8 Advanced Topics in Chemistry
Chapter 21 Nuclear Chemistry
Chapter 22 Organic Chemistry
Chapter 23 Biological Chemistry
Assessment 8: 5 January 2011
Final Exam: TBA
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Unit 1 | Scientific Inquiry
South Carolina Standard C-1
The student will demonstrate an understanding of how scientific inquiry and
technological design, including mathematical analysis, can be used appropriately to pose
questions, seek answers, and develop solutions.
Apply established rules for significant Organize and interpret the data from a
digits, both in reading a scientific controlled scientific investigation by
instrument and in calculating a derived using mathematics (including formulas,
quantity from measurement. scientific notation, and dimensional
analysis), graphs, models, and/or
Use appropriate laboratory apparatuses,
technology, and techniques safely and C-1.6
accurately when conducting a scientific Evaluate the results of a scientific
investigation. investigation in terms of whether they
verify or refute the hypothesis and what
C-1.3 the possible sources of error are.
Use scientific instruments to record
measurement data in appropriate metric C-1.7
units that reflect the precision and Evaluate a technological design or
accuracy of each particular instrument. product on the basis of designated
Design a scientific investigation with C-1.8
appropriate methods of control to test a Use appropriate safety procedures when
hypothesis (including independent and conducting investigations.
dependent variables), and evaluate the
designs of sample investigations.
Unit 2 | Atomic Structure and Nuclear Processes
South Carolina Standard C-2
Students will demonstrate an understanding of atomic structure and nuclear processes.
Illustrate electron configurations by Summarize the periodic table’s property
using orbital notation for representative trends (including electron configuration,
elements. ionization energy, electron affinity,
atomic size, ionic size, and reactivity).
Summarize atomic properties (including
electron configuration, ionization
energy, electron affinity, atomic size,
and ionic size).
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Compare the nuclear reactions of fission Apply the predictable rate of nuclear
and fusion to chemical reactions decay (half-life) to determine the age of
(including the parts of the atom involved materials.
and the relative amounts of energy
Analyze a decay series chart to
C-2.5 determine the products of successive
Compare alpha, beta, and gamma nuclear reactions and write nuclear
radiation in terms of mass, charge, equations for disintegration of specified
penetrating power, and the release of nuclides.
these particles from the nucleus.
C-2.6 Use the equation E = mc2 to determine
Explain the concept of half-life, its use the amount of energy released during
in determining the age of materials, and nuclear reactions.
its significance to nuclear waste
Unit 3 | Chemical Bonding and Structures
South Carolina Standard C-3
The student will demonstrate an understanding of the structures and classifications of
Predict the type of bonding (ionic or Illustrate the structural formulas and
covalent) and the shape of simple names of simple hydrocarbons
compounds by using Lewis dot (including alkanes and their isomers and
structures and oxidation numbers. benzene rings).
Interpret the names and formulas for Identify the basic structure of common
ionic and covalent compounds polymers (including proteins, nucleic
acids, plastics, and starches).
Explain how the types of intermolecular C-3.7
forces present in a compound affect the Classify organic compounds in terms of
physical properties of compounds their functional group.
(including polarity and molecular
Explain the effect of electronegativity
C-3.4 and ionization energy on the type of
Explain the unique bonding bonding in a molecule.
characteristics of carbon that have
resulted in the formation of a large
variety of organic structures.
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Classify polymerization reactions as Classify organic reactions as addition,
addition or condensation. elimination, or condensation.
Unit 4 | Chemical Reactions and Stoichiometry
South Carolina State Standard C-4
The student will demonstrate an understanding of the types, the causes, and the effects of
Analyze and balance equations for Explain the role of activation energy and
simple synthesis, decomposition, single the effects of temperature, particle size,
replacement, double replacement, and stirring, concentration, and catalysts in
combustion reactions. reaction rates.
Predict the products of acid-base Summarize the oxidation and reduction
neutralization and combustion reactions. processes (including oxidizing and
Analyze the energy changes C-4.8
(endothermic or exothermic) associated Illustrate the uses of electrochemistry
with chemical reactions. (including electrolytic cells, voltaic cells,
and the production of metals from ore by
Apply the concept of moles to determine
the number of particles of a substance in C-4.9
a chemical reaction, the percent Summarize the concept of chemical
composition of a representative equilibrium and Le Châtelier’s principle.
compound, the mass proportions, and the
mole-mass relationships. C-4.10
Explain the role of collision frequency,
C-4.5 the energy of collisions, and the
Predict the percent yield, the mass of orientation of molecules in reaction
excess, and the limiting reagent in rates.
Unit 5 | Phases of Matter
South Carolina Standard C-5
The student will demonstrate an understanding of the structure and behavior of the
different phases of matter.
Explain the effects of the intermolecular Explain the behaviors of gas; the
forces on the different phases of matter. relationship among pressure, volume,
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and temperature; and the significance of C-5.5
the Kelvin (absolute temperature) scale, Analyze the energy changes involved in
using the kinetic-molecular theory as a calorimetry by using the law of
model. conservation of energy as it applies to
temperature, heat, and phase changes
C-5.3 (including the use of the formulas
Apply the gas laws to problems q = mcT [temperature change] and
concerning changes in pressure, volume, q = mLv and q = mLf [phase change] to
or temperature (including Charles’s law, solve calorimetry problems).
Boyle’s law, and the combined gas law).
C-5.4 Use density to determine the mass,
Illustrate and interpret heating and volume, or number of particles of a gas
cooling curves (including how boiling in a chemical reaction.
and melting points can be identified and
how boiling points vary with changes in C-5.7
pressure). Apply the ideal gas law (pV = nRT) to
Analyze a product for purity by
following the appropriate assay
Analyze a chemical process to account
for the weight of all reagents and
solvents by following the appropriate
material balance procedures.
Unit 6 | Properties of Solutions
South Carolina State Standard C-6
The student will demonstrate an understanding of the nature and properties of various
types of chemical solutions.
Summarize the process by which solutes Compare solubility of various substances
dissolve in solvents, the dynamic in different solvents (including polar and
equilibrium that occurs in saturated nonpolar solvents and organic and
solutions, and the effects of varying inorganic substances).
pressure and temperature on solubility.
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Illustrate the colligative properties of Interpret solubility curves to determine
solutions (including freezing point saturation at different temperatures.
depression and boiling point elevation
and their practical uses). C-6.11
Use a variety of procedures for
C-6.4 separating mixtures (including
Carry out calculations to find the distillation, crystallization filtration,
concentration of solutions in terms of paper chromatography, and centrifuge).
molarity and percent weight (mass).
C-6.5 Use solubility rules to write net ionic
Summarize the properties of salts, acids, equations for precipitation reactions in
and bases. aqueous solution.
Distinguish between strong and weak Use the calculated molality of a solution
common acids and bases to calculate the freezing point depression
and the boiling point elevation of a
Represent common acids and bases by
their names and formulas. C-6.14
Represent neutralization reactions and
C-6.8 reactions between common acids and
Use the hydronium or hydroxide ion metals by using chemical equations.
concentration to determine the pH and
pOH of aqueous solutions. C-6.15
Analyze the composition of a chemical
C-6.9 sample by using gas chromatography
Explain how the use of a titration can
determine the concentration of acid and
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o Students are expected to arrive to class on time each day.
o Students are expected to follow directions the first time given.
o Students are expected to complete assignments by the given due date.
o Students are required to handle themselves in a professional manner at all
o Students are expected come to class prepared to work each day.
o Students are expected to bring necessary materials to class every day.
o Students are expected respect the privacy of others and respect all
members of the class.
o Students are expected follow all school, class, and lab rules.
o Students are expected to anticipate and head off problems.
Classroom Management Policy:
1st Offense Student-Teacher Conference
2 Offense Parent Contact
3rd Offense After-School Detention
4 Offense Written Reprimand
Severe Disruptions Parent Contact and Written Reprimand
Tardies Follow Guidelines /Student Handbook
ID Violations Follow Guidelines/Student Handbook
A teacher log of infractions will be kept on file.
Cell phones should not be visible or audible or ever used between 8:45 and 3:45.
Proper shoes must be worn in the chemistry lab. No open toed shoes will be
tolerated during lab activities.
IDs are to be worn at all times in class, except during laboratory exercises when
they may be dangerous.
You must have your agenda and ticket to use the restroom for an emergency. No
White slips must be presented when you are absent from class.
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1. Textbook: Modern Chemistry- Holt, Rinehart, Winston
2. Three (3) folders with clasps
3. Notebook for daily notes
4. Composition book for lab activities
5. A scientific calculator (capable of scientific notation)
6. Pencils, blue or black ink pens only.
Grading of Course:
Your grade in Chemistry Honors will be a combination of all assessments given during
the duration of the semester. Assessments include tests (50%), quizzes (20%), lab work
(10%), worksheets, homework(10%) and projects (10%). Final exam counts 20% of your
overall grade in course.
All major assessments will be returned within two days. You must keep all tests, quizzes,
and worksheets in one of your three folders. Progress reports will be issued according to
guidelines in your handbook. Report cards will be issued at the end of the nine weeks.
All grades are kept on PowerSchool. Grades are available online. Parents wanting
updates more often must place this information in writing. I will provide parents with
progress grades every two weeks.
All major tests will be given once each unit. Concept quizzes will be given once each
chapter. Labs will be assessed by lab reports, lab quizzes, or review of conclusion
questions. Computer simulations will be done when possible. All major projects will be
announced one month in advance of the due date. Post test will be administered one week
before final exam.
Missing Work/Make-Up Policy:
Students who are absent will be allowed to make up missing assignments if the absence is
excused. Work should be made up upon student return to school. Make-up for test will
be on Tuesdays and Thursdays only from 4:00-5:00 PM.
Students References for Assessments:
Students will be allowed to use the periodic table for all tests.
Students will apply significant figures in problem solving.
Students must memorize polyatomic ions for use in writing formulas.
Students will be allowed to use a calculator during all class assessments.
Laboratory write-ups are due on a specific date, generally 2-5 days after completion of
the laboratory investigation. Late reports will be assessed a 15% per day penalty except
in the case of an excused absence or illness. Not all labs will require reports.
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Extra Help Days:
Extra help is available any day after school except for meeting days by appointment.
Morning appointments must be made on an individual basis with the teacher.
Teacher Contact Information:
Blue Ridge High School
Room #: F111
All parent contacts will be addressed within 48 hours.
Daily assignments can be expected and must be submitted by the due date.
Students are responsible for missed work on the days of absences. Make-up
assignments due to an excused absent will be accepted no later than 3 days after
the student returns to class.
During testing (quiz/test) students are expected not to talk, leave their seat, and
have unauthorized study materials. Any violation of these rules will result in a
grade of zero and a phone call home.
Missing a scheduled make-up lab, quiz or test without notification will result in a
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Students are responsible for being in school each day. You may not have more than five
unexcused absences before credit is denied in this course. Attendance affects your
performance in class.
TEACHING SCHEDULE FALL SEMESTER 2010
1ST BLOCK 8:45 - 10:15 Chemistry 1 Honors
2ND BLOCK 10:20 - 11:55 Planning
3RD BLOCK 12:00 – 2:10 Chemistry CP
4TH BLOCK 2:15 - 3:45 Chemistry 2 Honors
TEACHING SCHEDULE SPRING SEMESTER 2011
1ST BLOCK 8:45 - 10:15 Chemistry CP Advanced
2ND BLOCK 10:20 - 11:55 Chemistry CP Advanced
3RD BLOCK 12:00 – 2:10 Chemistry 1 Honors
4TH BLOCK 2:15 - 3:45 Planning
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Appendix A: Lab Notebook for Honors Chemistry
1. The lab notebook provides a permanent record of your work in lab and can be
used as a reference in college courses. Some colleges require students to submit
their lab notebooks before giving them credit for the lab component of the course.
It is also handy to review your lab notebook for the lab question on the AP exam.
2. If you are working professionally in a lab it would provide legal evidence of the
conception of an idea and the date of that conception. It can be used in disputes
about patents, royalties, and legal issues.
1. All entries must be orderly, legible, and in permanent black or blue ink.
2. Errors should be crossed out with a single line. You will not be penalized for any
material neatly crossed out. Do not try to obliterate the mistake. DO NOT USE
WHITE OUT. Using white out or obliterating entries will result in a loss of
3. Number all pages in the lab book, consecutively, in the top right corner. Pages
should NEVER be torn out.
4. Reserve the first 2 pages for the Table of Contents. The last couple of pages will
be an Appendix.
5. Each entry must be dated, i.e., each day you work in your lab notebook should be
dated. Begin each lab’s work on a separate page. USE YOUR NOTEBOOK
DURING LAB. Do not wait and write your entries in later.
6. If you do not have your lab notebook on a lab day, you will not be permitted to
take part in the lab that day and must make up the lab on your time within the next
Content for Each Lab:
2. Prelab: Take notes during the prelab discussion.
3. Overview: Summarize the purpose for doing the lab and give a very brief
explanation of what you are doing.
4. Personal Account: Describe what you did clearly enough that someone else could
repeat the experiment. This should be written in narrative form and should be a
conceptual account of what you did with enough details.
a. Discussion of equipment: What does the equipment do? How does it
work? Any difficulties you had using the equipment? Diagrams and
sketches of the setup are often helpful.
b. Use of proper chemical and lab terminology: Describe what data you are
collecting and why you are collecting it.
c. Qualitative observations: Document changes of color, exo- or
endothermic, precipitates, etc. Describe the chemistry of these
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5. Data Tables and Figures: Organize your observations and your data in NEAT
tables. Be sure to label all units and record the correct number of sig figs. Graphs
should be set up properly. Axes should be labeled, rates calculated, etc.
6. Calculations: Show at least one sample for all calculations. Write formulas, show
substitutions with units, and record the answer with correct digits and units.
7. Discussion: You will usually be asked to answer the questions from the lab sheet.
8. Evaluation: Compare your results to what is expected (standards), analyze errors
that could have cause “your” error, and suggest ways you could improve on this
9. Conclusion: Summarize what you did in the lab (similar to overview) and report
Evaluation Options: Each lab will be assessed using one of these three methods:
1. Lab Notebook Evaluation
2. Lab Report
3. Open-Lab-Book Quiz
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Appendix B: How to Write a Formal Lab Report
The purpose of a lab report is to present in a clear, concise, and organized manner the
work you did in the laboratory and the results you obtained.
The lab report should include the following sections:
Methods and Materials
Discussion with conclusion
In writing a lab report, always indicate clearly the title of the experiment and then clearly
identify and separate each of the above mentioned sections. Data tables, diagrams, and
graphs should either be done on a computer or neatly taped into the lab report. Although
content is the most important feature of a lab report, neatness is a close second. The
neatness of the overall report is important and neatness in the organization is essential. A
lab report is not intended to be a piece of literature; however, it should be written in good
English. It should be written in the third person and it is preferable that it be written in
the past tense. Your formal lab reports must be typed and double-spaced. The text of a
formal lab should be continuous so do not leave blank paper at the bottom of a page to
start the next section on a new sheet of paper.
The Introduction should state as clearly as possible the nature of the experiment and
why you are doing the experiment. Second, the introduction should give a brief overview
of the method used. Try to assimilate the instructions in the lab manual and express them
in your own words. Frequently you will be asked to include background information you
have read in other articles or books; it is important that the authors of information be
cited when you include their ideas.
In the Methods and Materials you should briefly explain how the experiment was done.
This should be written as a narrative, not as a step-by-step detailed “cookbook”
procedure. Pick out what was essential to the method. This section must be written in
the past tense. Do not list the materials you used. A correctly-written M&M would say,
“the test tubes were filled,” not, “we/he/I filled the test tubes.”
The Results sections should contain the data collected in the lab organized in table form,
a sample of any calculations (including formulas and substitutions), and graphs that
demonstrate relationships between data and variables. Each table and figure must be
numbered and have a title. You should include a narrative paragraph in the results
section that briefly describes each table and figure (do not interpret data or graphs in the
results section). Graphs are either to be done on graph paper or generated by computer.
Tables and figures must be numbered separately of each other.
The Discussion is the most important part of the report because this is where you will:
Analyze the data: explain how you reached your conclusions
Compare your results with expected results
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Analyze your experimental error
Summarize the conclusions (the last paragraph should always summarize what
you “did” and what you “got”)
Grading Policy for Formal Lab Report
Format ............................................................20 points
Introduction ....................................................10 points
Method & Materials .......................................10 points
Results: Tables ...............................................5 points
Results: Graphs ..............................................10 points
Results: Narrative...........................................5 points
Discussion: Analysis of Data .........................5 points
Discussion: Comparison with Expected ........5 points
Discussion: Error Analysis ............................5 points
Discussion: Conclusion..................................5 points
Participation in Lab ........................................20 points
You can expect to do one formal lab report each nine weeks.
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August 16 17 18 19 20
Intro Pre-Test 1.1 Chemistry is a 1.3 Elements 2.1 Scientific Method
Physical Science Lab: Mixture Separation 2.2 Units of
1.2 Matter and Its Measurement
August 23 24 25 26 27
2.3 Using Scientific Lab: Percentage of Review Unit 1 Assessment 3.1 The Atom: From
Measurements Water in Popcorn Philosophical Idea to
Lab: Percentage of Scientific Theory
Water in Popcorn 3.2 The Structure of the
August 30 31 September 1 2 3
3.3 Counting Atoms Lab: Conservation of 4.2 The Quantum Model 4.3 Electron 5.1 History of the
Mass of the Atom Configurations Periodic Table
4.1 The Development of 4.3 Electron Lab: Flame Tests 5.2 Electron
a New Atomic Model Configurations Configuration and the
September 6 7 8 9 10
Labor Day 5.3 Electron Lab: The Mendeleev 6.2 Covalent Bonding 6.3 Ionic Bonding and
Configuration and Lab of 1869 and Molecular Ionic Compounds
Periodic Properties 6.1 Introduction to Compounds 6.4 Metallic Bonding
September 13 14 15 16 17
6.5 Molecular Geometry Review Unit 2 Assessment 7.1 Chemical Names 7.2 Oxidation Numbers
Lab: Types of Bonding and Formulas 7.3 Using Chemical
in Solids Formulas
September 20 21 22 23 24
7.3 Using Chemical Lab: Determining the 8.1 Describing Chemical 8.2 Ideal Stoichiometric 8.3 Limiting Reactants
Formulas Empirical Formula of Reactions Calculations and Percentage Yield
7.4 Determining Magnesium Oxide Lab: Blueprint Paper
September 27 28 29 30 October 1
9.1 Introduction to 9.2 Ideal Stoichiometric 9.3 Limiting Reactants Review Unit 3 Assessment
Stoichiometry Calculations and Percentage Yield
Lab: Stoichiometry and
Chemistry Honors Schedule
October 4 5 6 7 8
10.1 Kinetic Theory of 10.3 Solids Lab: “Wet” Dry Ice Lab: “Wet” Dry Ice 11.2 The Gas Laws
Matter 10.4 Changes of State 11.1 Gases and Pressure
October 11 12 13 14 15
11.3 Gas Volumes and Lab: Mass and Density Review No School No School
the Ideal Gas Law of Air at Different
Lab: Mass and Density Pressures
of Air at Different
October 18 19 20 21 22
Unit 4 Assessment 12.1 Types of Mixtures 12.3 Concentration of Lab: Separation of Pen Lab: Separation of Pen
12.2 The Solution Solutions Inks by Paper Inks by Paper
Process Chromatography Chromatography
October 25 26 27 28 29
13.1 Compounds in Lab: Testing Water for 14.2 Acid-Base Theories Lab: Is It an Acid or a 15.1 Aqueous Solutions
Aqueous Solutions Ions 14.3 Acid-Base Base? and the Concept of pH
13.2 Colligative 14.1 Properties of Acids Reactions 15.2 Determining pH
Properties of Solutions and Bases and Titrations
November 1 2 3 4 5
15.2 Determining pH Election Day Lab: How Much Review Unit 5 Assessment
and Titrations Calcium Carbonate Is in
Lab: How Much an Eggshell?
Calcium Carbonate Is in
November 8 9 10 11 12
16.1 Thermochemistry 16.2 Driving Force of Lab: Calorimetry and 17.1 The Reaction Lab: Rate of a Chemical
Reactions Hess’s Law Process Reaction
Lab: Calorimetry and 17.2 Reaction Rates
Chemistry Honors Schedule
November 15 16 17 18 19
Lab: Rate of a Chemical 18.2 Shifting 18.4 Solubility Lab: Measuring Ka for Review
Reaction Equilibrium Equilibrium Acetic Acid
18.1 The Nature of 18.3 Equilibria of Acids, Lab: Measuring Ka for
Chemical Equilibrium Bases, and Salts Acetic Acid
November 22 23 24 25 26
Unit 6 Assessment 19.1 Oxidation and Thanksgiving Break Thanksgiving Break Thanksgiving Break
19.2 Balancing Redox
November 29 30 December 1 2 3
19.3 Oxidizing and Lab: Reduction of Mn in 20.2 Voltaic Cells Lab: Voltaic Cells Review
Reducing Agents MnO4- 20.3 Electrolytic Cells
Lab: Reduction of Mn in 20.1 Introduction to
December 6 7 8 9 10
Unit 7 Assessment 21.1 The Nucleus Lab: Simulation of
21.3 Nuclear Radiation 22.2 Hydrocarbons
21.2 Radioactive Decay 21.4 Nuclear Fission Nuclear Decay Using 22.3 Functional Groups
and Nuclear Fusion Pennies and Paper
22.1 Organic Chemistry
December 13 14 15 16 17
22.4 Organic Reactions Lab: Synthesis of 23.1 Carbohydrates and 23.3 Metabolism Lab: Tie-Dye
Lab: Synthesis of Aspirin Lipids 23.4 Nucleic Acids
Aspirin 23.2 Amino Acids and
January 3 4 5 6 7
Lab: Casein Glue Lab: Casein Glue Review Unit 8 Assessment Catch-up Day
January 10 11 12 13 14
Exams Exams Exams Exams
Chemistry Honors Schedule