Lifespan Ch 4 Review
1. Briefly explain the cephalocaudal and proximodistal patterns of development.
2. Despite advances in brain-imaging technology, the electroencephalogram is used most to study brain
development. Explain why this is the case, and identify what the electroencephalogram measures.
3. Identify the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and describe the major function of each lobe.
4. Describe how the sleeping patterns of infants differ from that of older children and adults. Be sure to address
the issue of REM sleep in your answer.
5. Discuss at least three findings from current research on the nutritional state of infants and toddlers in the
6. List three benefits for mothers who breast feed.
7. Contrast sensation with perception.
8. Describe three ways in which infants' hearing is different from older children and adults.
9. What is intermodal perception?
10. The sequence in which the earliest growth always occurs at the top—the head—with physical growth in
size, weight, and feature differentiation gradually working from top to bottom.
11. The sequence in which growth starts at the center of the boy and moves toward the extremes.
12. The lobe in the cerebral cortex that is responsible for voluntary movement and thinking.
13. The lobe in the cerebral cortex that is responsible for registering spatial location.
14. The lobe in the cerebral cortex that is responsible for processing visual information.
15. The lobe in the cerebral cortex that is responsible for processing information about sounds.
16. The specialization of function in each of the two hemispheres of the cerebral cortex in the brain.
17. The part of the neuron that carries signals away from the cell body.
18. The part of the neuron that carries signals toward the cell body.
19. A layer of cells that insulates many axons and helps electrical signals travel faster down the axon.
20. Chemicals contained at the end of the axon that pass information to another neuron.
21. Tiny gaps found between two or more neurons.
22. The part of the frontal lobe involved in thinking, planning, and self-regulation.
23. A sleeping arrangement where the mother shares a bed with her infant.
24. A condition that occurs when infants stop breathing, usually during the night, and die suddenly without an
25. Built-in reactions to stimuli that govern the newborn's movements. These reactions are automatic and
beyond the newborn's control.
26. A reflex that occurs when the infant's cheek is stroked. The infant turns his/her head toward the side that
was touched in an apparent effort to find something to suck.
27. A reflex that occurs in response to a sudden, intense noise or movement. The newborn arches her/his back,
throws back her/his head, and flings out her/his arms and legs. Then the newborn rapidly closes its arms and
legs to the center of the body.
28. Skills that involve large-muscle activities such as walking and running.
29. Skills that involve finely tuned movements such as drawing or painting.
30. The process in which information interacts with sensory receptors.
31. The interpretation of the information that has been sensed.
32. A decreased responsiveness to a stimulus that has been repeatedly presented.
33. A technique that involves turning one's head toward a sight or a sound that can be used to determine if an
infant can see or hear.
34. The process that involves integrating information from two or more sensory modalities.
35. The theory that infants continually coordinate their movements with perceptual information to achieve a