Theodore Roosevelt Presidency Chart

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					                           Theodore Roosevelt Presidency Chart
                                       1901-1908
From a wealthy famous family
Reformer before 1900, NYC Commissioner
NY Representative in State Assembly
Assistant Secretary of War under McKinley admin
Forms a regiment in the Spanish American War called the Rough Riders
Governor of NY 1898
Vice President of the US under McKinley 1900
McKinley is assassinated and TR becomes President 1901 (read page 647Pageant)
Believed to be the first modern President, who directed and lead the national program
Wins 1904 election
Retires 1908
Runs again for President 1912 under Progressive or “BullMoose Party” Loses to Wilson

Domestic Policy                              Domestic Policy part 2
3 “C”s of TR’s Policy                        TR and Corporations-
Control of Corporations                      Elkins Act (1903)
Consumer Protection                          Regulated Railroads that gave rebates
Conservation
                                             Hepburn Act (1906)
Square Deal                                  Regulated RR
“Square Deal” for capital, labor, and the    Bans Free Passes (seen as bribes)
public at large.
Coal miners strike (1902)                    Trust Busting
        Asked for 20% increase in pay and    Goal was to reform business not end Big
        9 hour work day                      Business
        Improved working conditions
                                             1st used Sherman Anti-Trust Act against
       Owners said no                        the Northern Securities Company
                                             Giant RR Trust and finance company
       TR Brought both labor and owners       Controlled by JP Morgan
       together and
       Owners refused to negotiate           TR and Consumers
       TR threatened to take over the              The Jungle – Upton Sinclair
       mines                                       Meat inspection Act 1906
       Settlement achieved                         Pure Food and Drug Act (1906)
       First time government did not align
       automatically with owners             Conservation
       Workers get 9 hour work day and             Gifford Pinchot Forrestry Service
       10% raise                                   Newland Act (1902)
                                                          Uses sale of Go Lant to
Created new Regulatory Departments to                     irrigate the desert
oversee business                                   Lumber/Forrest preservation
       Department of Commerce                      National Parks Service
       Department of Labor
       Bureau of Corporations

                                                                                        1
                                           Theodore Roosevelt
Election 1912                                              Advocated Aggressive foreign policy
Taft and TR Split                                          Advocated large Navy after Admiral
       Taft continued trust busting                        William T. Mahan’s book, The Influence
       Brought 90 suits compared to 40 by TR               of Sea Power on History
       Standard oil was beat in a suit                     Spanish American War starts and TR
       US Steel was brought 1911                           resigns and goes to fight in the war
               TR became upset because he was              Raises and equips a volunteer regiment
               involved in a merger with US                known as the Rough Riders
               steel.                                      He gains national attention as a war hero
       Taft allowed tariffs rise (against TR’s
       desire)                                             Favorite saying relates to his foreign
       Taft messed up Conservation                         policy as president
       Did set up Bureau of Mines                          “Speak softly and carry a big stick, you
               Controlled mineral resources                will go far.”
               Coal field conserved
               Water conserved                             McKinley is Shot in September 1901 and
       Problem was the Ballinger-Pinchot Affair            TR becomes president at age 42 youngest
       Sec of Interior Ballinger                           president to that time.
               Sold rights to land to developers
               Pinchot of forestry was upset         Panama Canal
               Taft fired him                              Strategic, useful in transit
               TR became upset about this                  Hay Pauncefote Treaty 1901 gives US the
TR starts New Nationalism (1912 Campaign)                  sole right to build a canal on the Isthmus
       National Gov                                        Phillippe Bunau-Varilla early French
       Needs to increase its power to remedy               engineer sold his plan to US
       economic or social abuses                           Columbia was in control of Panama
                                                           Columbia would not allow the contract
       Teams up with LaFollete of Wisconsin to             US creates Panama revolt and recognizes
       run for president on a 3rd party                    a new Panama country.
       “The Progressive Party” or “Bull Moose              US make treaty with new Panamanian
       Party”                                              government Hay-Buana-Varilla Treaty
       Accused Taft of returning back to                   1904-1914 $400 million to n complete
       conservative GOP politics
                                                     Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
       Jane Addams supports TR                             Mainly financial problems for Latin
                                                           American countries, islands in the
       This split the Republican Party Vote and            Caribbean and in Central America
       insures a Wilson (Democratic Victory in             prompted TR to issue the Roosevelt
       1912)                                               Corollary which said, the US has the right
Foreign Policy                                             to intervene in the domestic affairs of
       Was Assistant Secretary of War under                these regions in an effort to maintain their
       McKinley                                            independence from European
                                                           intervention.
                                                           Really seen by Latin American countries
                                                           as American Imperialism (The Big Stick
                                                           Policy)

                                                                                                2
Nobel Peace Prize 1906
       Russo Japanese war 1904
       Japan asked Roosevelt to begin
       negotiations

       Treaty of Portsmouth ends the war

The Gentleman’s Agreement (Japanese
immigration) 1907
      Anti-Japanese immigrant feelings
      cause Americans to desire a change
      in immigration laws similar to the
      Chinese Exclusion Act.
      Japanese Emperor refused to allow
      new Japanese immigration in
      exchange for no American
      Immigration law. Peace and honor
      secured for both




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