Clicker Training Information by MarciAurila

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Information on how to enjoy an obedient dog by training it through clicker training.

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									CLICKER TRAINING
EXPLAINED
  LEARN TO TRAIN YOUR DOG EASILY.




             LARRY THOMAS




       MissingTailGroup@gmail.com
CLICKER TRAINING
E X P L A I N E D

 Clicker Train Your Dog At Home

 Why should you get rid of the ‘old’ choke collar training methods? Is
 one method really better than the other? Discover the benefits of why
 training your dog through clicker training at home makes sense and how
 you can enjoy an obedient dog without using the outdated harsh
 methods.

 Introduction

 Inside this report, you will learn:


  1. Clicker Training Information.

      Animals that have been trained with classical conditioning can still
      be trained with clicker training. Researches have shown that any
      dogs who cross over from traditional method of training still
      produce great results, especially if the trainer is willing to assist
      the animal during first few sessions (which can require 20 to 50
      successful repetitions or cycles). Nonverbal signals and verbal
      signals can be added later on when the animal has good mastery of
      the target action. Clicker training is one of the most effective ways
      of teaching a pet to behave well, whether inside and outside of the
      home. If you don’t want to pay for costly obedience school lessons,
      you can take it upon yourself to train your pet during your free
      time.


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                        Clicker Training Explained




2. Dog Training at Home.

  Many people believe that the best training can only be provided by
  professional dog trainers. Well I’m here to tell you right now that
  this cannot be further from the truth. When a series of clicks is
  used, the animal actually stops responding, because it waits for the
  clicking to stop before responding. The same principle applies
  when you are trying to teach your dog verbal signals. Don’t say “sit,
  sit, sit” when you want to teach your dog to sit, because the dog
  will become accustomed to waiting for three “sit” commands
  before performing anything. If a single word does not yield the
  desired action, simply repeat the command once and see what
  happens.


3. Clicker Training At Home.

  Home dog training is quite popular nowadays, thanks to the high
  availability of reliable teaching guides and resources for beginning
  trainers. If you have a healthy, happy dog at home, there is no
  reason for you to not train it at home. That doesn’t mean that you
  can only train dogs. If you have a cat or a chinchilla at home, you
  can train those animals just as easily. You just need to know the
  basic strategies, such as loading and targeting, and you are all set
  to train your pets at home. Train one or ten – it doesn’t matter how
  many. As long as you have time to spare and a clicker, you can do
  it.


4. Dog Training Tips.

  Training your dog at home may be one of the most rewarding
  activities known to pet owners. Just seeing your pet respond to
  cues and commands can bring immense satisfaction, because you
  will see concrete results from all of your training

                                3
                            Clicker Training Explained




    efforts. Punishment should be limited to a neutrally toned word
    such as “wrong”. Don’t scold your pet for not understanding. It
    doesn’t help the animal learn, and the animal may associate
    training sessions with being scolded. That is never a good thing for
    home-trained dogs.


 5. Dog Obedience Training.

    Dog obedience training allows pet owners to set specific standards
    of behavior for their dogs. Dog obedience schools and programs are
    available in every state in United States. Most of these dog schools
    make use of classical conditioning. Corrective actions are
    performed during clicker training, but trainers don’t resort to
    painful punishments at all. “Punishments,” in the context of
    clicker training, can be a signal word such as “wrong.” This
    corrective action is given to tell the dog that the action it has just
    performed was not the desired goal, and it should try again.




1.Clicker Training Information.

Clicker training is one of the most effective ways of teaching a pet to
behave well, whether inside and outside of the home. If you don’t want
to pay for costly obedience school lessons, you can take it upon yourself
to train your pet during your free time.

Clicker training falls under the rubric of operant conditioning. It is not a
form of classical conditioning; instead, this form of animal training
focuses on getting the animal to behave in a certain way by
encouraging the target behavior.

Encouragement to perform target behaviors is achieved through
nonverbal signals, verbal signals, clicks, and rewards. Rewards are
important to clicker training because a reward is the clearest sign (to
                                    4
                            Clicker Training Explained




the animal) that the action that it just performed is desirable to the
trainer, and that a reward will always come if it performs that action.

Another thing that separates clicker training from all other forms of
classical conditioning is that it minimizes the use of aversive control, or
punishments. This is not to say that clicker trainers do not punish.

Corrective actions are performed, but animals are never scolded or
physically hurt just because they did not perform the desired action.
Whenever an animal does not perform the intended action, a neutral
verbal sign is given to signal to the animal that it has not performed
something that was to be rewarded.

Simplicity & power

The system is simple enough for any animal to understand, because all
animals understand the concept of reward. Another element that
separates clicker training (operant conditioning) from classical
conditioning is that it requires the utmost patience during training,
because small steps are also rewarded.

So, if you want your dog to run to a target, you have to reward it even if
it only managed to just look at the target during the first attempt. If a
target behavior is too complex, it has to be broken down into several
phases that can be managed easily by the student (your pet). The
animal will then be led into successive phases.

Each small success is met with a click, and a reward. Wrong or
non-targeted behavior will be met with a neutral deterrent, so the
animal will choose the target behavior over non-targeted behavior.

Clicker training works extremely well because of its foundation is in
positive reinforcement. Positive reinforcement helps an animal to figure
out which actions provide the highest return (the reward), and which
actions do not. Of course, an animal will always choose the action that
will bring a treat or reward, because it is in the animal’s best interest to

                                    5
                            Clicker Training Explained




do so.

Animals that have been trained with classical conditioning can still be
trained with clicker training. Researches have shown that any dogs who
cross over from traditional method of training still produce great results,
especially if the trainer is willing to assist the animal during first few
sessions (which can require 20 to 50 successful repetitions or cycles).
Nonverbal signals and verbal signals can be added later on when the
animal has good mastery of the target action.



2. Dog Training At Home.

Many people believe that the best training can only be provided by
professional dog trainers. Well I’m here to tell you right now that this
cannot be further from the truth.

Adept dog trainers can certainly assist pet owners who do not have free
time to train their pets at home. But if you have five to ten minutes to
spare every day, then you can effectively train your pet. If you only have
time for short training sessions, then the best option for you as a pet
owner/trainer would be clicker training.

Clicker training defined

Clicker training is a method of teaching a dog to associate the sound of
a click with a target action. A single click helps the dog associate the
action that you want it to remember, with the treat or reward that you
will be giving it after the click.

Clicker training is a form of operant conditioning wherein the animal is
taught to perform an action because it yields a reward. An animal is
taught a particular sequence, which allows it to differentiate between
rewarding behavior and non-rewarding behavior.


                                    6
                            Clicker Training Explained




Unlike classical conditioning, which often relies on verbal cues and
hands-on intervention during training sessions, clicker training is
unique because it relies on capturing target behaviors, and reinforcing
these behaviors with rewards.

Clicker training your dog

The first thing that you should do when you are clicker training your dog
is to perform the loading, or initializing, procedure. This procedure is
necessary because it will help the animal associate the sound of the
click with the reward that you are going to give it. You can perform the
loading procedure anywhere; as long as you have the clicker and the
treats with you, you can succeed.

This process is really quite simple – click, and give the treat. Each click
has to grab the animal’s attention. If the dog was not paying attention
at all to what you were doing, repeat until it raises its head in attention.
When the dog starts paying attention to each click, reward it
immediately. Most dogs create a concrete association between the click
and the reward after 20 to 50 successful cycles.

We call them cycles because we aim for consistency during clicker
training. Consistency can be achieved by timing the clicks. You can
click every five seconds or every ten seconds, whichever works. You only
need to click once per cycle. Do not overuse the clicker. Clicking
multiple times will not help the animal understand the lesson at all.

When a series of clicks is used, the animal actually stops
responding, because it waits for the clicking to stop before responding.
The same principle applies when you are trying to teach your dog verbal
signals. Don’t say “sit, sit, sit” when you want to teach your dog to sit,
because the dog will become accustomed to waiting for three “sit”
commands before performing anything. If a single word does not yield
the desired action, simply repeat the command once and see what
happens.


                                    7
                            Clicker Training Explained




3. Clicker Training At Home.

Home dog training is quite popular nowadays, thanks to the high
availability of reliable teaching guides and resources for beginning
trainers. If you have a healthy, happy dog at home, there is no reason
for you to not train it at home.

You don’t have to spend hundreds of dollars to pay for obedience
lessons. If you have a clicker, and some form of reward for your dog,
you are all set to teach him any action or behavior that you want him to
perform. You can accomplish all of this through clicker training.

What is clicker training?

Clicker training is simply teaching a dog to perform an action because it
will bring a positive experience to the animal (i.e. edible treats, toys,
etc.).

Unlike more traditional forms of dog training, clicker training avoids the
common pitfalls of animal training (e.g. the use of aversive control,
direct commands, etc.), and uses more natural means of getting results
during training.

Clicker training works extremely well because it teaches things to
dogs in a phases. First, the dog is taught that a click will bring a
reward. This is repeated many times to solidify the association between
the metallic click, and the treat.

When this association has finally been made, the trainer can then
proceed to teach the dog different tricks. The second set of associations
uses nonverbal signals (such as hand movements). This practice
emphasizes that the dog has to figure out on his own what you want it
to do.


                                    8
                            Clicker Training Explained




Demystifying clicker training

There are many misconceptions about clicker training that prevent
people from using this simple method from training not only dogs, but
also cats, and other pets. The most common myth about clicker training
is that it doesn’t use any form of discipline.

That is clearly false, since trainers have been known to use non-aversive
means of correcting bad behavior. When a trainer says “no” or “wrong,”
the trainer is helping the dog understand which activities are target
activities, and which ones are not.

The second most common myth is that when you start clicker training,
the dog will forever be dependent on the clicker. Again, this is a
misconception; dogs are very capable of responding to verbal, and
nonverbal, commands. You can use gestures and words to tell your dog
what you want it to do.

The third myth, that I hear all the time, is that clicker training cannot
be used on other animals. That’s false, since clicker training has been
used countless times on different animals (including parrots, and
dolphins), and each time, the trainers got good results. Dogs are only
the most commonly trained through clicker training.

That doesn’t mean that you can only train dogs. If you have a cat or a
chinchilla at home, you can train those animals just as easily. You just
need to know the basic strategies, such as loading and targeting, and
you are all set to train your pets at home. Train one or ten – it doesn’t
matter how many. As long as you have time to spare and a clicker, you
can do it.




4. Dog Training Tips.

Training your dog at home may be one of the most rewarding activities

                                    9
                           Clicker Training Explained




known to pet owners. Just seeing your pet respond to cues and
commands can bring immense satisfaction, because you will see
concrete results from all of your training efforts.

Pet owners who are just starting out with their training sessions will
often encounter small problems that can directly impede the progress of
the dog. If your dog is not responding to more classical training
approaches, you may want to try clicker training. Clicker training (or
operant conditioning), emphasizes the relationship between target
actions and rewards.

Since the association between rewards and actions are continually
reinforced during training sessions, dog trainers have minimal problems
when teaching their dogs new tricks. Clicker training is so simple that it
can even be done by a ten-year–old child.

There are two indispensable elements that must always be present
during clicker training: the clicker, and the treats. Some people offer
toys, and even verbal praise, as treats. But for the purpose of quickly
getting your dog’s attention, I highly recommend that you find a tasty
treat that your dog will not mind eating again and again.

Expert tips for trainers


 1. If the dog is not following your commands, it is possible that the
    dog has yet to establish a solid connection between the command,
    and the action itself. Review the lesson and repeat the cycles to
    see if the dog is responding to the nonverbal cues.


If the nonverbal cues are not working, that means the dog has made no
association between the action and any signal. Go back to square one,
and repeat the association games. Use the clicker to mark the target
behaviors during the action, and not after.



                                   10
                           Clicker Training Explained




 1. Verbal signals can be added to the training equation only when the
    dog has become an expert in responding to nonverbal commands.
    Nonverbal commands are easier to master than verbal commands
    (this is why some folks who use classical conditioning often have a
    difficult time teaching the simplest of actions).

 2. Training sessions should not be drawn out and boring. Ten minutes
    is already a long session for an active dog who has never been
    trained before. During the first few sessions, limit your training
    timeframe to just three minutes. If the dog responds well to the
    clicker training, it can probably complete 20 successful cycles in
    three to five minutes.

 3. Don’t be harsh with your pet if it does not immediately respond to
    your commands. Review the information signal (the cue), and
    check to see if the dog has made the association between the cue,
    and action itself. If the dog looks unmotivated, the problem may lie
    in the reward that you are offering. Change the reward and see if
    the dog will respond.

 4. Punishment should be limited to a neutrally toned word such as
    “wrong”. Don’t scold your pet for not understanding. It doesn’t
    help the animal learn, and the animal may associate training
    sessions with being scolded. That is never a good thing for
    home-trained dogs.




5.Dog Obedience Training

Dog obedience training allows pet owners to set specific standards of
behavior for their dogs. Dog obedience schools and programs are
available in every state in United States. Most of these dog schools
make use of classical conditioning.

Clicker training

                                   11
                            Clicker Training Explained




A newer, and more innovative, method of training is also available today
– clicker training. Clicker training is a form of operant conditioning
where the dog is trained through a series of phases, until it is able to
associate the target behavior with a reward. The trainer makes use of a
clicker, a plastic device that produces a clear, metallic sound whenever
it pressed.

The clear, metallic sound is a constant variable that allows the dog to
focus on what it has just done, and also helps the dog create the
association between the action and the reward. The clicker is an
essential tool to all clicker trainers, but it is not the only tool that
clicker trainers use. Clicker trainers often use a method called targeting,
which helps the dog focus on more complex actions, such as running to
different targets.

A target stick is used to ‘lure’ or lead the dog so that it eventually
performs the target behavior. You have two choices when it comes to
clicker training your pet: you can either look for a dog school that makes
use of operant conditioning, or you can just train your pet at home with
a clicker.

Training your dog at home

You don’t have to be an expert to be able to train your dog with a
clicker. You just need some basic tools: a bag of treats, a target stick,
and a clicker. If you want to teach your dog something that doesn’t
require distance (i.e. sitting/standing), you can start the training
sessions even without a target stick.

Target sticks are just brightly painted wooden or metal sticks that are
used as markers for “go outs,” and “come-backs” or recalls. Show dogs
need to be trained with multiple target sticks, because the trainers
often have to teach long sequences of actions to the dogs. Clicker
training is an ideal option for dogs that are home trained, because even
an 8-year-old child can effectively train a dog with a clicker.


                                    12
                            Clicker Training Explained




As long as the proper sequence is performed during the training
session, the dog will learn whatever target behavior the trainer has in
mind.

Rewards, signals, and target actions

Clicker training is effective because it uses rewards frequently and it
utilizes a step-by-step approach to teaching movements. The dog won’t
be forced to perform the entire action at once; if the dog has trouble
understanding what the trainer wants it to do, the trainer will still
reward even the smallest of steps toward the target action.

Corrective actions are performed during clicker training, but trainers
don’t resort to painful punishments at all. “Punishments,” in the
context of clicker training, can be a signal word such as “wrong.” This
corrective action is given to tell the dog that the action it has just
performed was not the desired goal, and it should try again.




Wrapping up...

In this report, we've shown you:


 1. Clicker Training Information

 2. Dog Training at Home

 3. Clicker Training At Home

 4. Dog Training Tips

 5. Dog Obedience Training


However, this is just the beginning. If you'd like to know more
about Clicker Training and ways to train your pet then you may find
                                    13
                            Clicker Training Explained




the following article useful:




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without becoming frustrated or wasting your time!

"It’s easier and gentler than traditional conditioning, which makes it
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Why most people struggle

According to Larry Thomas there's a reason why so many people
struggle with pet training despite so much help being offered to them
today...

"People don’t think they have the time or have to pay a large sum to
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step directions or fun methods.”

How Larry conquered clicker training with a unique approach

"By Using ‘Master Clicker Training in 7 Days’, I was able to understand
what I had been doing wrong and train Molly properly”Larry
Thomas tells us.


                                    14
                                                                Clicker Training Explained




                                   Larry focuses on the unique approach of clicker training to gently and
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                                   Was it worth it?

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                                                                        15



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