UK Population Density

Document Sample
UK Population Density Powered By Docstoc
					                            World Population Density 2011

      Rank               Country          Population           Area              Density
                                            Million             km2              Pop/ km2

       22           UK                      62.7             244,100               254
       23           Italy                   61.0             301,000               202
       21           France                  65.3             551,000               119

       60           Netherlands             16.9              41,500               406
       95           Switzerland             7.6               41,200               185

From CIA Factbook 2011

How often do you hear people complaining that France can take many more
immigrants as they have much more room, their population is half ours. It is not,
France is just twice as large.

                               UK Population Density 2010

62,261,967 people live in the UK
244,146.6 sq km area of the UK

Population Density = 255 pop/km2
Data from Office of National Statistics

UK Population density is the total number of people residing in the UK on a
particular date divided by the land area.

The most accurate population count in the UK is the Census which takes place
every 10 years; the next in 2011. Government is proposing to scrap the Census
after 2011
Yearly figures are produced from best estimates mid point through the year, so
after the 2011 census all figures will be a best guess. Surely the purpose of the
census is to verify the past 10 year’s estimates

Netherlands is the same size as Switzerland but has twice the population density.
This is because the Netherlands is flat and Switzerland is one big mountain.

The UK’s population figure has little value as it does not take into account how
much land is actually available to live on.

Land Usage Surveys break down land usage into categories so it should be
possible to quantify how much land is used to house people together with their
gardens. The resulting land area would not include lands which would be
impractical to live on such as mountains, rivers, defense, roads, offices, factories,
farmland, woodlands, heaths, marshes etc.
                              UK Population Density 2010

No sources for the UK and Regions give the Urban Land Usage directly; the %
data below comes from the Countryside Survey 2007, it is for “Built-up and
Gardens” and “Unsurveyed urban land”

                 Population        Land Area               Urban Usage                Population
                  2010 (1)          Sq km (2)          %           Sq km               Density
UK              62,261,967             244,146       12.1 (4)        29,542              2108
England         52,234,045             130,432       16.5 (5)        21,521              2427
Scotland         5,222,100              78,807        6.3 (3)         4,965              1052
Wales            3,006,430              20,778        6.9 (6)         1,434              2097
N Ireland        1,799,392              14,130       10.5 (7)         1,484              1216

1. Population Mid 2010 from

2. UK Land Area 2011 from

3. Data for Scotland, 80% live on 5% of land (6.3 = 5/0.8)

4. UK Urban usage is calculated from the 4 regions.

5. England. Built-up Urban & Gardens + Unsurveyed Urban land.

6. Wales. Built-up Urban & Gardens + Unsurveyed Urban land.

7. Northern Ireland. Built-up Urban & Gardens + Building & Curtilage

UK Summary Chapter 9
                      UK & London Population Density 2010

London                 15,060   Tower Hamlets           65,000   Richmond     12,300
North East             9,090    Westminster             55,870   Kingston     11,410
North West             8,450    City of London          44,230   Barnet       11,040
Yorkshire & Humber     7,930    Kensington & Chelsea    37,220   Harrow       10,370
West Midlands          6,880    Islington               37,380   Sutton       10,080
East Midlands          6,500    Hackney                 36,230   Bexley       9,960
East of England        5,910    Southwark               34,170   Hillingdon   9,780
South East             5,850    Camden                  34,420   Croydon      9,620
South West             5,670    Hammersmith & Fulham    30,740   Havering     8,540
England                7,300    Lamberth                25,470   Bromley      7,480

Further full data & sources:- London Population Density
The land area data is for Buildings & Gardens only in 2007.
Revised 13 August 2011

                           Population Density by Region

This chart shows the density for the top and bottom Counties, Authorities and
Towns in the UK. For full list

                       Population Density by Region 2008
    Top 10           All Land         B+G         Bottom 10        All Land   B+G
Portsmouth            4960                     East Yorkshire        140
London                4850      (1)   14,920   Isles of Scilly       130
Southampton           4710                     Lincolnshire          120
Luton                 4420                     Devon                 110
Blackpool             4060                     Rutland               100
Leicester             4020                     Shropshire            90
Southend              3940                     Herefordshire         80
Nottingham            3920                     N Yorkshire           80
Bristol               3840                     Cumbria               70
Slough                3720                     Northumberland        60

   1. London uses 33% of its land for Housing & Gardens, Harrow 44%, City 7%,

                                       New Data

ONS Standard Land Measurements revised 1 Jan 2011

UK           244,146.6 km sq. To High water mark.

England      130,431.8
Scotland     78,806.6
Wales        20,778.5
N Ireland    14,129.7


Editor’s Comments 14 August 2011

New mid 2010 population stats and revised UK land areas Jan 2011


Editor’s Comments 10 July 2010
UK’s Population Density cannot be calculated with available data.

I thought that this would be the easiest section to start with. How wrong could I
be? The starting point was to find the area of the UK and Regions. As an engineer
use to using Standard facts, I was amazed to find very few answers and then
there was no consistency at all.

From there it got worse. Every Population Density figures I found were
fundamentally incorrect as the area used in the calculations included all land,
such as mountains, roads, rivers that would be impractical to build on.
I eventually found some data for London.
Tower Hamlets 60,000/km sq.
A lot different to the usual quote figure of 254.
The Countryside Survey looks beautiful but the data categories were inconsistent,
no overall land sizes were referred to and Northern Ireland was found on its own
website with no links to it. It looks like nobody had control of the overall project.

The Next stage is to find correct data and put it in the public domain.


Editor to Office of National Statistics 16/07/10

In researching data on UK population density, using your data, I have calculated
that the population density of Tower Hamlets is 60,300/km sq.

Am I correct?

Editor to Office of National Statistics 20/07/10

My argument is simple, it concerns the way in which you calculate the land area.

Your figures include areas which would be impossible to live on such as
mountains, rivers, roads, railways etc and areas which would be
 inappropriate to use to live on such as woodlands, farmlands, green belt etc.

This leaves land used for housing and their gardens. My figures for B & G come
from Land Use GLUD 2005.

From Office of National Statistics 30/07/10

I will try and address your concerns about the population density figures.
I have used the information you have included in your e-mail and the table
you attached.

Your first e-mail concerned your calculation of the population density of
Tower Hamlets. You calculated that the population density of Tower Hamlets
is 60,300/km sq, and asked us if you are correct.

From your e-mail and attached file, I deduced that you used the "Area of
Domestic Buildings" + "Area of domestic gardens". From the Land Use GLUD
2005 file you are using this is equal to 3,657 metres squared, or about
3.657 km sq. The population of Tower Hamlets is estimated at 234,800 for
2009. This means the population density for Tower Hamlets using your chosen
definition of land area is 64,203.7 /km sq (or 64,194/km sq using the
unrounded 2009 population estimate). This is close to your figure of 64,150
(Please can you let me know how you arrived at your figure? I think the
small difference is due to rounding?)

So in this respect the figures are roughly similar. However, the difference
between definitions of land area is what is causing the difference. ONS
Population density figures are calculated using land areas derived from
Standard Area Measurement figures created by ONS. Areas are calculated to
the Mean High Water mark, and exclude inland water bodies greater than 1 sq
km. These land area definitions are the standard used for comparability
across the UN and the EU and consistent with standard methodology for
calculating population density. This standard is most likely chosen because
it better reflects the occupation of space per person and is therefore more

If we only use "Area of Domestic Buildings" + "Area of domestic gardens"
and ignore green spaces, parks, woods, forests, farmed land, national
parks, mountains etc, we can wind up with a situation where the population
density of, say, the Isle of Skye in the Inner Hebrides (Highland Council
area) is considered to have a similar population density as Hampshire
(because the size of domestic buildings and gardens might be roughly the
same between the two areas). This is just a theoretical example. Including
areas such as green spaces, parks, cultivated areas, national parks, woods
and forests in the population density calculations provides a more
meaningful indicator of population density for many reasons.

The use of only "Area of Domestic Buildings" + "Area of domestic gardens"
for population density calculations is also subject to a large margin of
error because of differences in housing. The area occupied by a high-rise
flat building in London may be the same as the area occupied by a detached
house with a garden in Hampshire, but there is a big differences in the
number of people who live in the two areas and individuals living the flats
may have the same amount of living space each as the family living in the

The population density of Tower Hamlets is 11,876 people per sq. km.

Editor to Office of National Statistics 02/08/10

On the Land use GLUD spreadsheet I calculated the % of land used for
Buildings + Gardens in relation to the total land area.

City of London    8%
Harrow &nbsp     44%
Tower Hamlets    15%
London           30%
England            5%
These figures reinforce my argument that the land area should be the land
that is actually used for Dwellings not the total area.
The City 7% is empty at night because most of the land is taken up with
offices. Residents are confined to a small area.
Harrow 44% is "Metroland" leafy suburbs covered with Semi's and Terraced
houses with gardens over a large area.

People can see this, it's not about statistics.

Having been to Switzerland and the Netherlands it is obvious that there will
be a population difference as Switzerland is just one big mountain; but in
reality, I would guess that Switzerland's density will be much higher than
the Netherlands. The logic being that they are all crowded into a small

I understand your view point as you need to use statistical data that is
reliable, consistent and is common to the EU and others for comparison.
My background is in engineering, design, sales and marketing so my work is
consumer orientated.

From Office of National Statistics 03/08/10

I understand the reasons for your point of view, that the land area should
be the land that is actually used for Dwellings not the total area. Perhaps
it would be most useful to clarify the differences by stating that the
population densities you have calculated are based on 'dwelling area' for
these reasons, and that ONS population densities are based on total land
area (excluding water bodies larger than 1km2)

Shared By: