The Spoken Word by dffhrtcv3

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									                  Vocabulary
 Verbal communication- the spoken or written
  words you send or receive when communicating.
 Denotative meaning- dictionary definition
 Connotative meaning- a person’s emotional or
  personal response to a word.
 Slang- very informal language that is unique to a
  particular group.
      Why Communication is
          Important…
 In a survey of recruiters of companies
  with more than 500,000 employees,
  communication skills were cited as the
  single most important decisive factor in
  choosing managers.
 Communication skills are the main factor
  contributing to job success.
      Why Communication is
       important…(contd.)
 You will have to give a public presentation
  at least once in your college and/or
  professional experience.
 Communication occurs every minute of
  the day whether we realize it or not.
            Concrete & Abstract
   Concrete Words
    – Words we perceive
      thought sight, hearing,
      touch, taste and smell
   Abstract Words
    – Names for qualities,
      attributes, concepts,
      and feel
    – Example:
     I believe in the spirit
         of Santa Claus!
       Denotation & Connotation
   Denotation
     – Refers to basic definition
     Example: Christmas: noun 1.the
       annual festival of the Christian
       church commemorating the
       birth of Jesus: celebrated on
       December 25 and now
       generally observed as a legal
       holiday and an occasion for
       exchanging gifts
   Connotation
     – Refers to meaning that goes
       beyond the dictionary
     Example: Christmas is my
       favorite time of year that is
       filled with family, friends, and
       gifts!
                    SNAKE
   Denotative Meaning
    – Scaly, limbless, long-bodied reptile
    – Treacherous person

   Connotative Meaning
    – Evil
    – Pet
    – Source of meat
                  Pronunciation
 Standard set for the
  overall sound of a
  word.
 Examples
    – Often is “ah-fun”
    – Athlete is “ath-leet”
                    Articulation
 The act of clearly and
  distinctly uttering the
  consonant sound.
 Examples
    – “business” instead of
      “bi’ness”
    – “wash” instead of
      “warsh”
                   Enunciation
 The act of clearly and
  distinctly uttering the
  vowel sounds of
  words.
 Example
    – You should say “get”
      instead of “git”
Language Issues
                      Sexist
 Implies something is
  more suited to a
  specific gender.
 Perpetuates gender
  stereotypes.

    – EXAMPLES:
         PoliceMAN
         FireMAN
         ChairMAN
         HouseWIFE
                   Racist
 Applies labels or
  behavioral
  characteristics to an
  entire race of
  individuals.
 Language of prejudice
  and stereotypes.
          Profane/Obscene
 Vulgar, irreverent, or abusive language
  that can be considered defensive
 Dependence damages a speaker’s
  credibility
                  Judgmental
   Implies an
    inappropriate
    evaluation or critique
    of someone or
    something.
              Assumptive
 Implies that everyone shares your views,
  opinions, or concerns.
 Overuse of we, everyone, everybody, etc.
                    Absolute
 Assumes there are no exceptions
 Risky for 2 reasons:
    – Few things stay the same forever.
    – There are exceptions to every rule.
                  Stereotype
   Labeling every person
    in a group based on a
    preconceived idea as
    to what that group
    represents.
STEREOTYPES
http://extras.mnginteractive.com/live/media/site513/2009/0622/20090622_025847_SS23-PASTOP.JPG
http://media.wths.net/bruno/banda/skaters.jpg
http://images.sodahead.com/polls/000424897/polls_preps_35494_1310_348182_answer_1_xlarge.jpeg
http://scrapetv.com/News/News%20Pages/Health/images-2/Emo-Kids.jpg
http://blogs.villagevoice.com/runninscared/nerds1.jpg
http://www.prorodeotour.com/images/09EP1_News.jpg
http://thewanderer79.files.wordpress.com/2010/01/punk-in-love_haithumb472x300.jpg
http://i.telegraph.co.uk/multimedia/archive/00639/news-graphics-2007-_639366a.jpg
https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-kMuJJBOL0eQ/TWmObr3XLHI/AAAAAAAAAFg/sbw-1jvqpHw/s1600/jersey.shore.gi.gal.jpg
http://cookingblog.partiesthatcook.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/Glees-Cheerios.jpg
amaralfiction.blogspot.com/2011/01/are-stereo
                  Examples
 All Football players
  are dumb.
 All straight-A students
  are nerds.
Types of Verbal
Communication
         Formal Language

 Language that
  conforms to a
  highly structured
  set of rules.
 Ex. Legal
  proceedings,
  religious services,
  and political
  ceremonies.
     Technical Language

 Language associated
  with a particular
  profession, activity, or
  field of study.
  Another name for
  technical language is
  jargon.
 Ex. Medicine, law,
  finance, technology,
  sports, etc.
              Informal Language
 The type of language most often used in
  casual situations and close interpersonal
  relationships.
 Type of Informal Language
    – Slang
                    Slang


   Language typically
    only used for a
    brief period of time
    by a limited group
    of people.
         Example
Formal: “Good Morning”
Informal: “Hi” “Mornin”
Slang: “What’s Up?”
                 Slang Activity
 Get into groups of 4
 Select a particular slang group that you would
  like to represent (ex: Valley girl, prep, surfers,
  gangster, army, Shakespearean, jazz, MTV,
  Southern, pirate)
 Write 10 slang words for that group you will
  portray & their meaning
 Write a 1-min conversation using these slang
  words among the members of your group.
 Read conversation to class. (EVERYONE MUST
  HAVE A PART IN THE CONVERSATION)

								
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