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An Outlook on Land Reform 2012 Progress and impact on Food

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					An Outlook on Land Reform 2012:

  Progress and impact on Food
   Security in Southern Africa

11TH AGRICULTURAL OUTLOOK CONFERENCE
        13 & 14 SEPTEMBER 2011

           Dawie Maree
             Agri SA
               Food security
• Definition

• Types of food security
  – National

  – Household

• Vision of government
              Food Security
• G20 Plan of Action
  – Improve agricultural production and productivity
                                RSA: MAIZE (COMMERCIAL)
                              AREA PLANTED AND PRODUCTION
         ‘000 Ton                                                                                                                                                                                      ‘000 Ha
 14000                                                                                                                                                                                                                         5000
                                                                                                   Maize (Ha)                                          Maize(Ton)

 12000                                                                                                                                                                                                                         4500

 10000                                                                                                                                                                                                                         4000

  8000                                                                                                                                                                                                                         3500

  6000                                                                                                                                                                                                                         3000

  4000                                                                                                                                                                                                                         2500

  2000                                                                                                                                                                                                                         2000

     0                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1500
         1990/91

                   1991/92

                             1992/93

                                       1993/94

                                                 1994/95

                                                           1995/96

                                                                     1996/97

                                                                               1997/98

                                                                                         1998/99

                                                                                                     1999/00

                                                                                                               2000/01

                                                                                                                         2001/02

                                                                                                                                   2002/03

                                                                                                                                             2003/04

                                                                                                                                                         2004/05

                                                                                                                                                                   2005/06

                                                                                                                                                                             2006/07

                                                                                                                                                                                       2007/08

                                                                                                                                                                                                 2008/09

                                                                                                                                                                                                           2009/10

                                                                                                                                                                                                                     2010/11
Source: DAFF
                                                                                                                                       2009/10
Volume index of agricultural production




                                                                                                                                       2007/08
                                                                                                              Animal Production




                                                                                                                                       2005/06
                                                                                                                                       2003/04
                                                                                               Horticulture
                                                                                 Field Crops




                                                                                                                                       2001/02
                                                                                                                                       1999/00
                                                                                                                                       1997/98
                                                                                                                                       1995/96
                                                                                                                                       1993/94
                                                                                                                                       1991/92
                                                                                                                                       1989/90
                                                                                                                                       1987/88
                                                                                                                                       1985/86
                                                                                                                                       1983/84
                                                                                                                                       1981/82
                                                                                                                                       1979/80
                                                                                                                                       1977/78
                                                                                                                                       1975/76




                                                                                                                                                 Source: DAFF
                                                125


                                                            105
                                          135




                                                                            75


                                                                                               55


                                                                                                                                  35
                                                                  95
                                                                       85


                                                                                 65


                                                                                                              45
                                                      115
                                                                       Index
              Food Security
• G20 Plan of Action
  – Improve agricultural production and productivity
  – Increase market information and transparency
  – Strengthen international policy coherence and
    coordination
  – Improve and develop risk management tools
  – Improve functioning of agricultural commodities’
    derivative markets
    South African Agriculture
                       Property rights
    Food security
                         Poor infrastructure

        Corruption                 Trade policy
Crime
         Input costs           Service delivery
         Labour dispensation
  Land Reform in South Africa
• Contentious and emotive
• Land reform since 1994
  – 3-pronged approach
  – Target for 2014
  – Progress and success???
  – Reasons for failure
       International experience
• Mexico
   – Ownership
   – Production
   – Dependancy
• Tanzania
   – Ownership
   – Productivity
• Brazil
   – Expropriation
   – Government support
   – Market-related strategies
   Green Paper on Land Reform,
              2011
• Vision
  – 4-tier system of land tenure
  – Clearly defined property rights
  – Secure forms of long-term land tenure for resident non-
    citizens
  – Effective land use planning and regulatory systems
• Improved trajectory
  – Improve past and current perspectives without
    substantially disrupting production and food security
  – Avoid/minimise redistribution and restitution which do not
    generate sustainable livelihoods, employment and incomes
   Green Paper on Land Reform,
              2011
• Improved trajectory support by:
  – Recapitalisation and development programme
  – Single 4-tier tenure system
     • State and public land – Leasehold
     • Privately owned land – Freehold, with limited extent
     • Land owned by foreigners – Freehold, with obligations
       and conditions
     • Communally owned land – Communal tenure, with
       institutionalised use rights
     • An Australian example
   Green Paper on Land Reform,
              2011
• Improved trajectory support by
  (continue):
  – Land Management Commission
  – Land Valuer-General
  – Land Rights Management Board, with local
    management committees
  – Properly aligned common property
    institutions
  – Tenure Security Bill, 2010
   Green Paper on Land Reform,
              2011
• Key challenges and constraints:
  – Entrenched vested interests

  – Poor coordination and integration

  – Poor capacity of organs of state to
   implement
                        Expenditure Estimates: Land Affairs:
                           Restitution and Land Reform

        5000000
        4500000
        4000000                                                Restitution
        3500000
                                                               Land Reform
        3000000
        2500000
R'000




        2000000
        1500000
        1000000
        500000
                 0




                                                                                                                                                           2011/12*
                                                                                                                                                 2010/11
                       1998/99
                                 1999/00
                                           2000/01
                                                     2001/02
                                                                 2002/03
                                                                           2003/04
                                                                                     2004/05
                                                                                               2005/06
                                                                                                         2006/07
                                                                                                                   2007/08
                                                                                                                             2008/09
                                                                                                                                       2009/10




                                                                                                                                                                      2012/13*
                                                                                                                                                                                 2013/14*
 Source: Estimates of National Expenditure, 2011
 National Treasury
 * Medium-term expenditure estimate
Is there still a
 future for the
 South African
    Farmer?
    Conclusion/Road forward
• National Land Audit
• More definite process for land reform
  and rural development
• Critical debate
• Expansion into Africa
• Local focus on food security
South African Farmers leaving
Thank you

				
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