Arab Culture (DOC)

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					Arab culture refers to the culture in Arab countries of West Asia and North Africa,
from Morocco to the Arabic Gulf. Language, literature, gastronomy, art,
architecture, music, spirituality, philosophy, mysticism (etc.) are all part of the
cultural heritage of the pan-Arab world.
FOLK STORIES

Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves and Other Stories (Illustrated Stories for
Children) Aladdin and the Magic Lamp (Step Into Reading, a Step 3 Book)
 by Deborah Hautzig
With the aid of a genie from a magic lamp, Aladdin fights an evil magician and wins
the hand of a beautiful princess

One Thousand and One Arabian Nights (Oxford Story Collections) King
Shahryar kills a new wife every night, because he is afraid she will stop loving him.
But his new bride Shahrazad has a clever plan to save herself. Her nightly stories--
of Sinbad the Sailor, Ali Baba, and many other heroes and villains--are so
engrossing that King Shahryar has to postpone her execution again and again...
McCaughrean.

Tale from the Arabian Knights (A) (Classics for Kids)
Three children, separated from their parents at birth, are reunited with the help of
an old man who directs them to a talking bird, singing tree, and water made of
gold.

Tales from the Arabian Nights (Classics for Older Readers) Nine of the tales
told by Shaharazad to enchant the cruel sultan and stop him from executing her as
he had his other daily wives.

LEGENDARY FOLKLORIC CREATURES

1.DANDAN OR DENDAN –is mythical sea monster, largest fish on the sea capable of
swallowing a ship

2.GHOUL- dwells in burial ground and other uninhabited palaces, shape shifting
demon

3.JINN – are called also called genies, made of smokeless scorching fire, they can
be good or evil

4.IFRIT- they are infernal jinn, an enormous winged creature of fire, they are
wicked and ruthless

5.AGTA OR KAPRE

Islamic, Arab and Persian festivals
   Eid ul-Fitr (Arabic: ‫‘ ال فطر ع يد‬īdu l-fiṭr "Festival of the Fast Breaking"), marks the
    end of the month of Ramadan
   Eid al-Adha (Arabic: ‫‘ األ ضحى ع يد‬īdu l-’aḍḥā "Festival of the Sacrifice"), Greater
    Eid, or Eid-e Qurban , celebrated to commemorate prophet Abraham's
    willingness to sacrifice his son for God
   Eid-e Nowruz (Persian: ‫ ن وروز ع يد‬eyde nowruz), celebrated on Nowruz and
    marking the first day of spring and the beginning of the Iranian year as well as
    the Baha'i year
   Eid Mubarak (Persian: ‫ م بارک ع يد‬eyd mobârak, from the Arabic ‫‘ م بارﻙ ع يد‬īd
    mubārak, lit. "bless you on this festival") or ("Have a good blessed festival"), a
    greeting used by Muslims during Eid ul-Fitr and Eid al-Adha.
   Eid Milad an Nabi (‫"( )ن بي ال مول ود ع يد‬Festival of the birth of the Prophet"), one of
    several names for Mawlid
   Eid al-Milad (Arabic: ‫ ال م الد ع يد‬īdu l-milād "Festival of the Birth"), Arabic phrase
    for Birthday.
   Eid al-Ghadeer, the day of Eid for Shia Muslims that marks the nomination of
    Ali, prophet's cousin, as the successor of the prophet
   Eid al-Mubahila, the day of Eid for Shia Muslims that marks the success of
    Muslims in a peaceful debate with Christians of the time
   Eid E Shuja, the day of Eid for Shia Muslims and marks the end of the mourning
    period after the events of Karbala
   Eid prayer (‫( )ال ع يدي ن ص الة‬salatu'l-`idayn), prescribed in the first year after
    the hijra


PRACTICES

Arranged Marriages

Jewish Wedding tradition

Customs of circumssion

Hajj and Umrah rituals



LANDMARKS

The Sphinx

The Sphinx is perhaps the most distinctive and popular landmark of Egypt. Situated
in Cairo this unique structure is considered as being one of the oldest standing
structures of Egypt. The Sphinx was actually a mythological creature which has
been meticulously crafted out of huge blocks of limestone. The larger than life
structure has the face of a human being upon a body of a loin.
Karnak Temple

This site is dated further back than four thousand years. It was an important
religious site for the ancient Egyptians and is truly impressive in terms of its
architecture. The temple was considered to be the center of the city of gods and
priests that were also considered to be god-like in ancient Egypt.

  The Egyptian Pyramids - The construction of the Egyptian pyramids have
 dumbfounded the world for generations, if not centuries. It seems incongruous
 that anyone, especially an ancient civilization, could have successfully managed
 such massive construction projects such as the pyramids of Egypt. Yet, even
 thousands of years later, the pyramids rise above the sand filled deserts of
 Egypt as a testament to their builders.

 Egypt Mummies - Obsessed with the afterlife, and the avoidance of death, the
 ancient Egyptians are most often known for their mummies. Find out more
 about the ancient process of mummification and why it is truly an art form in its
 own right.



The Great Sphynx of Giza
The Great Sphynx is the largest statue created from one piece of stone. With the
body of a lion and a human head it was believed to have been built by ancient
Egyptians in around 3000BC. The complete Sphynx was only fully uncovered in the
1920s prior to that it was up to its neck in sand.

The Pyramids of Giza

If you are at the Sphynx then there is not a chance that you will be missing the
Pyramids. Giza houses 3 main pyramids, one of which being the Great Pyramid.
Originally the Pyramids exteriors were made from smooth polished limestone, but
as the years of weather have eroded this away, we are left with step like structures
to the top. Only the top of the smallest pyramid has some of its limestone left but
this lacks the polished texture too due to erosion. The Great Pyramid is the only
one of the seven wonders of the ancient world still in existence.

Mecca – Holliest city in Islam

				
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Description: Arab Culture refers to the culture in Arab countries of West Asia and North Africa, from Morocco to the Arabic Gulf. Language, literature, gastronomy, art, architecture, music, spirituality, philosophy, mysticism (etc.) are all part of the cultural heritage of the pan-Arab world.