Topics in Am Hist I
Office Hour: Mondays 12:45-13:30 or by app.
• 4/16 Prologue
• 4/23 Three Worlds Meet
• 4/30 no class
• 5/7 Colonization
• 5/14 Independence
• 5/21 Expansion
• 5/28 Civil War
• 6/4 Industrialization
• 6/11 Modernization
• 6/18 Depression & WWII
• 6/25 Post-WWII
• 7/2 Contemporary
• 7/9 Review
• 7/16 Final Examination (7/21)
• FROM memorization TO critical interpretation with historical imagination
• Response sheet: what interests/surprises/confuses you with why (in
detail) through that day’s class lecture and/or discussion
– 50 states
– North American Continent
• Web assessment (who created; where did the sources come from; how
current it is; what is the particular bias; who else considers this reliable)
Three Worlds Meet
• Colombus (read pp. 112-4+map89)
• Meltzer 1992 “estimates of native population in Columbus’s day range from 2 to 18
million. By the end of the 19th century the population had shrunk to about
530,000” vs original number of the natives; whose diseases; Afro-Phoenician;
• American Journeys http://www.americanourneys.org
• American images
• Cultural Readings
• Which of these was unknown in the Americas before the coming of Europeans? a.
horses. b .warfare. c. agriculture. d. all of the above.
• The primary aim of the explorations of Balboa, Magellan, Verrazano, and Cartier
was to find: a. a water passage through the Americas and reach Asia. b. the fabled
fountain of youth. c. the Seven Cities of Gold. d. favorable places for their
respective nations to plant new colonies.
• The first Europeans to develop the intercontinental African slave trade were: a
Portuguese b English c French d Italian
• Women (read pp.81-5+map29)
• Do History http://dohistory.org/
• Salem Witch Trials http://etext.virginia.edu/salem/witchcraft/
• Plymouth Colony http://www.histarch.uiuc.edu/plymouth/index.html
• A man’s right to vote for governor and members of the General Court in 17th
century Massachusetts was based on: a. church membership b. land ownership c.
length of residence d. family background
• The first colony in British America that had separation of church and state and
practiced religious tolerance was: a Rhode Island. b Massachusetts. c Maryland. d
• The influence of Puritanism was greatest and lasted the longest in: a. New England
b. New France c. New York d. Maryland
• Constitution (read pp. 196-9+map48)
• Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation, 1774-1873
• Documents from the Constitutional Congress and Constitutional Convention
• The long delay in approval of the Articles of Confederation was primarily caused by: a.
Maryland’s demand that New York and Virginia give up their western land claims b. fear that
it created too strong a central government c. bitterness between northern and southern
states d. feuding between loyalists and Whigs
• The greatest achievement of the Anti-federalists was to: a. force the Federalists to agree to
add a bill of rights to the Constitution b. convince New York and Virginia to turn over their
western lands to the new national government c. delay ratification of the Constitution until a
section guaranteeing all white men the right to vote d. force the Federalists to bestow
citizenship under the new government to free blacks
• All of the following were true of the state constitutions adopted during the Revolution
except: a. they abolished property and tax-paying qualifications for voting b. they
concentrated power in the popularly elected legislatures c. they all contained bills of rights d.
they provided for weak executives and frequent elections
• Vote (read pp. 86-8+map53)
• Andrew Jackson http://www.gilderlehrman.org /
• All of the following democratic political reforms were adopted between the 1790s and the
1820s except that: a. gender qualifications for voting were removed b. property qualifications
for voting were eliminated c. voters were allowed to choose presidential electors instead of
the state legislatures doing it d. voters were allowed to elect mayors who had previously
• Andrew Jackson’s supporters charged that a “corrupt bargain” had been made by: a. John
Quincy Adams and Henry Clay to make Adams president and Clay secretary of state b. Henry
Clay and John C. Calhoun to undermine Jackson and secure passage of the Compromise of
1833 c. Henry Clay and Daniel Webster to secure re-charter of the Second Bank of the US d.
John C. Calhoun and John Quincy Adams to get Jackson punished for his unauthorized raid on
• All of the following generally characterized reformers of the antebellum period except that: a.
they rarely advocated legal coercion to force people to live morally b. when they cooperated
with politicians, it was usually with Whigs rather than with Democrats c. they received their
best response in New England d. many of them were inspired by religious convictions 7
• Capitalism (read pp. 200-202+map73)
• Civil War Treasures from the New York Historical Society
• Historical New York Times Project, 1860-1866 http://www.nyt.ulib.org/index.cgi/
• Selected Civil War Photographs http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/cwphtml/cwphome.html/
• Uncle Tom’s Cabin http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/utc/
• Union Army Project http://www.cpe.uchicago.edu/unionarmy/unionarmy.html/
• Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamaiton: a. freed the slaves in the areas in rebellion against the
US government b. freed the slaves in the slave states that remained in the Union c. freed the
slaves in the western territories d. freed all slaves in the Union and Confederacy
• Andrew Johnson was nominated as Lincoln’s running mate in 1864 to: a. win votes of pro-war
northern Democrats b. please the Radical Republicans c. influence the South to rejoin the
Union d. reward Tennessee for remaining loyal to the Union
• Slaves during the Civil War: a. ran to the Union lines when they could and worked for or
fought for the North b. mostly remained loyal to their masters and the South c. were never
allowed to enlist as soldiers in either the Union or the Confederate army d. none of the above
• Rober baron (read pp., 183-5+map216)
• National Park Service http://www.nps.gov/
• Conservation Movement, 1850-1920
• American Environmental Photographs, 1891-1936
• Rapid industrialization in the US between 1860 and 1900: a. produced an economy
dominated by enormous corporations b. increased the demand for and importance of skilled
artisans c. increased the opportunities for small- and medium-size companies to succeed d.
reduced the use of women and child laborers
• The New South Creed preached the need for the South to: a. industrialize b. combat racism c.
promote the agricultural interests d. bring its wage scale up to that prevailing in the North
• Which of the following people argued that poverty was not the result of unchangeable
natural laws and could be eliminated by government intervention and social planning? a.
Lester Frank Ward b. Andrew Carnegie c. John D. Rockefeller d. all of the above
• Food & Drug Administration (read 186-90+map111)
– profit vs government
• Profiles in Science http://profiles.nlm.nih.gov/
• Fifty Years of Coca-Cola Television Advertisements
• Medicine and Madison Avenue http://library.duke.edu/digitalcollections/mma/
• The act of Congress that contained a federal income tax provision was: a. the Underwood-
Simmons Tariff b. the Hepburn Act c. the Federal Reserve Act d. the Payne-Aldrich Tariff
• The quotation: “Corporations and combinations have become indispensable in the business
world… it is folly to try to prohibit them, but it is also folly to leave them without
thoroughgoing control” belongs to: a. Theodore Roosevelt b. William McKinley c. Woodrow
Wilson d. Robert LaFollete
• All of the progressive reforms were intended to increase popular participation in government
and political democracy except the: a. Eighteenth Amendment b. Seventeenth Amendment c.
initiative and referendum d. direct primary
Depression & WWII
• Pearl Harbor (read pp.25-30+map120)
• After the Day of Infamy http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/afcphhtml/afcphhome.html/
• Studs Terkel http://www.studsterkel.org/index.html
• Lend-lease: a. was extended to both Britain and the Soviet Union to help them defeat the
nazis b. was favored by isolationists as a way to prevent the US from having to fight in WWII c.
favored the Germans because they were considered better credit risks than the British and
Russians d. was one of the most unpopular policies of the Roosevelt administration
• Which of the following did not occur during the WWII? a. the federal government took over
many industries and strictly limited the profits of others b. the federal government raised the
income tax and introduced the payroll-deduction system to collect it more efficiently c. the
federal government imposed wage and price controls and rationing to combat inflation d.
farm income soared, unemployment disappeared, and real wage increased
• Which of the following happened during the WWII? a. marriage, birth, and divorce rates rose
rapidly b. women were denied the right to serve in the armed forces c. high school and
college attendance increased d. the majority of preschool-age children were placed in child-
• Nixon & Vietnam (read pp.42-5+map133)
• Vitnam Center and Archive http://vietnam.ttu.edu/
• Foreign Relations of the US, 1861-1960 http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/FRUS
• Foreign Relations of the US, 1945-1972 http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ho/frus/c1716.htm/
• Experiencing War http://www.loc.gov/vets/
• Oral History Digital Collection http://www.maag.ysu.edu/oralhistory/oral_hist.html/
• During the last two years of Lyndon B. Johnson’s presidency, the majority of public funds went into:
a. the Vietnam War b. Medicare and Medicaid c. Head start educational programs d. public housing
• Which of the following facts about the election of 1968 indicates that a new conservative majority
had supplanted the long-standing New Deal coalition? a. between them, Nixon and Wallace
received a majority of votes of unskilled and semiskilled workers b. Nixon won 43% of the popular
vote c. the great majority of blacks voted for Hurbert Humphrey d. almost all union leaders
supported Hurbert Humphrey
• Which of the following about Nixon’s relations with the Democrat-controlled Congress is correct? a.
the Senate rejected two of Nixon’s Supreme Court nominees b. Nixon vetoed bills creating the
Environmental Protection Agency c. Nixon never released to Congress the tapes of conversations in
the Oval Office d. Congress passed an equal rights amendments but Nixon vetoed it
• Reagan & Conservatism (read pp.145-8+map224)
• American President http://millercenter.org/academic/americanpresident/
• The Presidents http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/presidents/index.html/
• The only sector of the Roosevelt New Deal coalition that continued through the
1980s to vote consistently for the Democratic presidential candidate were: a.
blacks b. blue-collar workers c. farmers d. Irish, Polish and other ethnic groups
• All of the following happened during Ronald Reagan’s first term as president
except: a. runaway inflation b. massive military spending c. declining American
exports d. industrial de-regulation
• Which of the following statements about women in the 1980s is correct? a. the
majority held paying jobs outside the home b. they were close to achieving
equality of pay with men c. almost half of the lawyers, doctors and engineers were
women d. they were likely to marry at a younger age and have more children than
women in the 1950s
• Map: combine a map we used in our class with
another map of your choice so as to create your
original historical map. Briefly explain why you chose
• Essay: respond to “the past was contested all along
and continues to be contested” Kornblith and Lasser,
eds. Teaching American History (NY: Bedford St.
Martin’s, 2009), p. 8 with one historical case of your
choice about which we discussed in our class. Cite
the text as much as possible.
• Web: review a site of your choice with the provided
guideline (who created; where did the sources come from;
how current it is; what is the particular bias; who else
considers this reliable) 14
1 Evaluating Web Sites
1-1 Who or what is the sponsor of the site? This information should be in a statement of purpose or under an “about” link. Is the
sponsor a university, library, museum, or research organization? If the sponsor is an individual, try to determine that person’s
1-2 Click on some of the links. Do they take you to sites as respectable as the home site? If you use a source from one of these
linked sites, be sure to record the site’s URL.
1-3 Is the material on the site current? Has it been kept up-to-date? Are most of the links “alive”? A site with many “dead” links is
not well maintained.
1-4 What is the intended audience for the site? Are its contents meant to serve college students, faculty, other professionals? Is it
filled with commercial links and advertisements or with links to sites that are concerned with entertainment rather than
1-5 Does the sponsor of the site have a bias that influences the kind of material on the site? Are a variety of views expressed on
the site? Does the information on the site, or most of the links from the site, sound argumentative? Does the site attempt to
inform rather than convince?
2 Evaluating Web Sources
2-1 Try to identify the author of the source. Conduct a Web search for any author or sponsor name that is on the site or on the
source that interest you.
2-2 Look for signs of bias on the site or in the document: dramatic presentation, one-sided arguments, lack of documentation for
2-3 Check reliable resources such as the online library catalog to see whether there are more recent versions or translations of a
source that may be more accurate than the version or translation you found on the Web.
2-4 Try to ascertain whether any non-written materials, still photographs, sound recording, or films, that you found on the Web
are altered in any way.
• A half of your grade comes from response sheet in which
you are asked to write “what interests/surprises/confuses
you with why (in detail) through that day’s class lecture
and/or discussion”; for each response, add 1 for “what”
and 3 for the detail, multiply by 12 responses
• Another half is from final exam: 10 for map (w/ an
explanation of what you combined with why); 25 for essay
(what is the contested historical problem; how is it
contested by whom; why it is controversial; what is your
assessment); 15 for web assessment (who created; where
did the sources come from; how current it is; what is the
particular bias; who else considers this reliable).