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					                                    INFSO-C2/10/01/2012




FP7 ICT Work Programme 2013 Orientations


             Version 10/01/2012




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                                                       Table of Content


1.   Current context and technology trends influencing the WP ............................................. 3
  1.1. ICT: a critical infrastructure for growth and job creation .......................................... 3
  1.2. The need for a new approach towards innovation...................................................... 3
  1.3. Leveraging the potential of social innovation ............................................................ 3
  1.4. Technology trends and new challenges ...................................................................... 4
2. Main features of WP2013 ................................................................................................... 5
  2.1. Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) ........................................................................... 7
3. Budget available ................................................................................................................. 8
4. Proposed strategy for WP2013 .......................................................................................... 8
  4.1. Challenges and Objectives ......................................................................................... 8
  4.2. Basic ICT technologies and infrastructures ............................................................... 8
  4.3. Contribution to the major socio-economic challenges ............................................. 10
  4.4. FET ........................................................................................................................... 12
  4.5. Exascale Computing ................................................................................................. 12
  4.6. International cooperation.......................................................................................... 12
  4.7. Horizontal activities ................................................................................................. 13
  4.8. Overview of budget distribution .............................................................................. 14
  ANNEX 1: Indicative budget distribution ........................................................................... 15




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                         Orientations for FP7 ICT WP 2013

The paper is a proposal for detailed orientations for Work Programme 2013 of ICT in FP7. It
takes into account inputs received from ISTAG, the European Technology Platforms, from
various consultations with external experts in workshops and meetings, studies and analysis
as well as the results of the first seven calls for proposals of ICT in FP7.

1. CURRENT CONTEXT       AND TECHNOLOGY TRENDS INFLUENCING THE WP


 1.1. ICT: a critical infrastructure for growth and job creation
The European knowledge society is entering a new phase of development where ICT is
providing the key basic infrastructures for all vital social and economic processes and is the
most influential key technology in the majority of innovations across all industries.
All private and public services are being provided through and shaped by these
infrastructures. ICT is becoming indispensable to address key social challenges and continues
to play a defining role in our economy, providing a critical infrastructure for the global
economy. The ICT infrastructure thus becomes an issue of the highest socio-economic
concern.

 1.2. The need for a new approach towards innovation
Whilst European R&D in ICT and other key enabling technologies is generally strong, the
transition from ideas arising from basic research to competitive production and to markets is
the weakest link in European value chains. To boost future productivity and growth, it is
critically important to generate breakthrough technologies and to translate them into
innovations (new products, processes and services) which are taken up by the wider economy.
As proposed in the draft H2020 Programme, it is key for the success of EU industry to
integrate research and innovation and to provide seamless and coherent funding from idea to
market. H2020 will provide more support for innovation and activities close to the market,
leading to a direct economic stimulus. Under the next Framework Programme, a strong focus
will be on creating business opportunities out of responses to the major concerns common to
people in Europe and beyond. A major objective will be to provide SMEs with adequate
support in order to help them grow into world-leading companies. The last Work Programme
under FP7 should already prepare for this agenda.
 1.3. Leveraging the potential of social innovation
As human involvement with technology deepens, further development of the emerging ICT-
intensive world should not be only technology driven. Since ICT technologies will be an
omnipresent communication platform and an increasingly powerful channel in shaping social
and economic interactions, cultural identity and human self-expression, R&D in ICT needs to
reflect a more 'holistic' perspective.
Because innovation moves ‘down’ the value chain, bottom up and user-generated innovation
becomes more influential and traditional models of production, social organisation and value
creation as well as the speed of innovation are changing dramatically. This calls for a flexible
and agile approach towards innovation that enables the continuous identification and



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valorisation of emerging opportunities. In this context, social innovation is an increasingly
important driver for ICT developments.
What is needed is an approach that facilitates the rapid uptake, amplification, and growth of
promising emerging technologies and applications. New, leaner and more agile
methodological approaches need to be developed. Co-creation, open data, and generic, open
platforms and infrastructures are key for creating optimal conditions for this new innovation
dynamics. The proposed orientations for WP2013 include several activities that will support
this new approach.

 1.4. Technology trends and new challenges
Because they create new opportunities and bring new challenges, a number of key technology
trends need to be taken into account when defining the roadmap for activities in the last phase
of FP7. Some examples are:
      As Moore’s law-based scaling of hardware comes to an end, chips are more prone to
       fail. This needs to be compensated by new design approaches.
      The interconnection of autonomous systems to form highly complex system-of-
       systems that provide intelligent services leads to new phenomena, such as unexpected
       emergent behaviour, that raise significant reliability issues.
      Developing generic platform architectures that can be used in a multitude of different
       applications could bring enormous economies of scale and cost advantages.
      Cloud Computing also puts new requirements on programming models, methods and
       tools for future software taking into account that the future Internet will extend over a
       computing continuum, embracing clouds, communicating objects and smart devices.
      The widespread connection of personal computer, smart phones, and objects or
       “things” (embedded systems) to server farms via the Internet creates an environment
       for a large number of innovative applications. This calls for ultra-high speed
       broadband networking including, in particular, mobile broadband systems and ultra-
       high capacity energy-efficient all-optical networks.
      The “Internet-of-Things” makes it possible to access remote sensor data and to control
       the physical world from a distance. This raises important challenges with respect to
       information security and safety.
      Gesture analysis and touch-screens have come to the mainstream. This is just the start
       towards much more intuitive and seemless user interfaces including "smart spaces"
       and robotics systems. The creative industry has an unlimited appetite for such new
       interactive tools based on sophisticated physical models and a deep understanding of
       the psychology of human perception.
      The Internet of Things is one of many sources that are already generating data at a
       faster rate than we know how to interpret or even manage. Doing so effectively will
       require novel distributed data analytics frameworks and hardware optimisations as
       well as strong attention to the tradeoff between the economic value extracted from
       these analyses and the danger of privacy violations.
      Energy efficiency moves from being a specialised "nice to have" feature to become of
       a very important political priority. Therefore all ICT areas will be impacted ranging
       from components, networks and computing to application areas like smart grids, smart
       cities and transport.


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2. MAIN FEATURES OF WP2013

The final ICT Work Programme in FP7 will cover one year and will use the 2013 budget. It
should ensure a certain degree of continuity in priorities and at the same time serve as a
bridge to activities in Horizon 2020.
The original ICT R&D challenges introduced at the beginning of FP7 express targets to be
typically achieved in a mid- to long-term timeframe. They address the core technology and
application areas of ICT R&D that will continue to be key challenges for the future. They
therefore require a sustained effort until the end of the Framework.
At the same time, the final WP for FP7 has an important role to play in preparing for the new
approaches to be introduced in the next Framework under Horizon 2020. Activities in 2013
should already anticipate the adaptation of the strategy towards a more integrated approach
between research and innovation, wherever possible pilot some of the new approaches and
prepare for the initiatives to be launched in 2014. The main features of the proposed WP2013
are the following:
Completing the work engaged over the first 6 years of FP7
Across all areas, a large part of the work foreseen in 2013 will ensure continuity and
completion of activities launched since the start of FP7. This concerns for example major
areas such as networks and service infrastructures and in particular the third phase of the
Future Internet Public Private Partnership, activities in cognitive systems and in advanced
components or advanced research in next generation healthcare systems (VPH). The support
to the PPPs on Green Car, Smart Cities/Energy-Efficient Buildings and Factory of the Future,
in collaboration with other DGs will also be continued.
Preparing for the launch of Horizon 2020
 In several areas (e.g Components and systems, Health and Ageing) activities have been
  reorganised in order to enable further integration and cross-fertilisation between
  technologies and applications and to favour inter-disciplinary R&I activities by bringing
  together different research constituencies.
 In order to prepare for a new major ICT activity on "Next generation computing" in
  H2020, various aspects of computing will be addressed in Challenges 1, 3, 6 and under a
  special activity on "Exascale Computing". The activities will be cross referenced and
  closely coordinated.
 In the areas of robotics and photonics, activities in 2013 will support the preparation of
  Public Private Partnerships that are to be launched under H2020.
 The launch of Horizon 2020 will imply a whole new level of cooperation with other
  research and policy DGs. In several areas, WP2013 will contribute to reinforcing the
  cooperation with other DGs in preparation of the next Framework, building in particular
  on the experience gained in jointly running the recovery package PPPs. A joint call on
  Smart Grid is planned with DG Energy, a joint call with DG RTD on ICT for water
  resource management is under consideration and a joint pilot on FET Open will be
  organised with DG RTD.

Reinforcing industrial participation and bridging to exploitation
 In several areas, a major objective will be the increase of industrial involvement. This is
  the case in the areas of Robotics, Cognitive systems and Photonics.



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 New activities are also proposed to enable testing and validation of new systems and
  solutions. In the robotics sector, new systems will be validated in real world environments.
  In photonics, a scheme for assessment of sensor and laser-based applications will be
  introduced.
 Support to a better exploitation and take up will be the cornerstone of the activities of
  the third phase of the Future Internet PPP (use case expansion). The area “Components and
  Systems will introduce a “light and fast scheme” (with 10-20% of the allocated budget)
  across all objectives for pilot actions for technology take up and innovation support.
 Building on earlier FP7 pilots, a Pre-Commercial Procurement scheme (PCP) will be
  supported in the area of digital preservation. A joint PCP pilot involving the Commission
  and Member States in the areas of eGovernment and cloud computing is also planned.
  Further potential PCP schemes are under consideration to cover robotics applications.
Involving more SMEs
In order to support the renewed focus on SMEs in H2020 several specific activities will be
piloted in WP2013. In the challenges a set of specific SME-targeted activities including
open schemes are proposed in the areas of web based applications (part of the Networked
Digital Media objective), cloud computing, components and systems, content analytics,
Future Internet and in Future and Emerging Technologies (FET). Horizontal activities on
access to venture capital and supporting clusters and incubator environments for SMEs are
also planned.
Leveraging the potential of social innovation enabled by ICT
 A new activity will be introduced to support multidisciplinary research and
  experiences on online collective awareness platforms for social innovation and
  sustainable social changes. It targets the emergence of collective decision tools exploring
  environmentally, socially and economically sound grassroots solutions for sustainable
  societies. Such tools are expected to be grounded on real and active communities
  (including social entrepreneurs) and to harness the network effect emerging from the
  convergence of social networks, distributed co-production and sharing of knowledge and
  direct interface with the environment (IoT). This activity will be co-managed across the
  Programme. The precise scope and potential synergies with related activities will be
  further elaborated in the next stages of WP preparation.
 In addition, novel approaches towards social innovation may be piloted under several
  research areas (such as eg. big data - including its privacy aspects, ICT for creativity,
  smart cities, health and ageing, ICT for energy efficiency ..). This will anchor social
  innovation in concrete research and innovation contexts and exploit data from real
  environments. It will require in particular the development of multidisciplinary research
  contexts and the involvement of non-conventional actors and could lead to a much broader
  implementation of this type of approach in the next Framework.
Mainstreaming energy-efficient solutions
Reflecting important political priorities, an increased support to energy-efficient
technologies and services is proposed which reflects a more comprehensive approach
throughout the programme. Activities will include energy efficient networks, computing and
control systems, energy-efficient data centres, smart grids, smart cities and low-carbon
transport.




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Ramping up FET Flagships

FET Flagships will be a major component of the science pillar of H2020. A ramp-up phase
for two selected flagships will be supported under WP2013.
Contributing to broader policy agendas
WP2013 will contribute to the DAE and other policy agendas. Support to research for
service and software engineering in future computing environments will underpin the
European Cloud Computing strategy. An open call on Web based applications, part of the
Networked Digital Media objective, will directly support Action 54 of the DAE. ICT for
learning will directly support Action 68 and work on big data will support the reuse of public
information.
Supporting the pilot European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing
WP2013 will support the European Innovation Partnerships on Active and Healthy Ageing
(EIP AHA) by addressing relevant actions of its strategic implementation plan. This will be
done mainly in Challenge 5 but also in other Challenges. The main objective that will address
EIP AHA is the one on Personalised health, active ageing, and independent living. Other
objectives that will contribute, provided that active and healthy ageing is specified as one of
their application areas, include Future Internet PPP, Safe and smart Internet of Things
and the Sensing Enterprise, and the Collective Awareness Platforms for Social
Innovation.
WP2013 will also impact the broader industrial policy area, as it is expected to have an
important leveraging effect on industrial competitiveness, for instance in the telecom,
components, systems, manufacturing or software sectors.

 2.1. Key Performance Indicators (KPIs)
In order to measure the impact of interventions at Programme and project level, it is important
to define upfront well-defined KPIs for all activities. The different types of research actions
(technological research, applied research) have specific requirements that should be reflected
in KPIs at different levels.
A major effort has been carried out to develop suitable KPIs for all areas. They include
conventional KPIs such as peer-reviewed scientific publications, number of citations, patents,
licensing indicators or number of contributions to standards (eg. FET Flagships: 25 peer-
reviewed publications per 10 M€ funding / 3 patents per 10 M€ funding)
They may also include sector-specific or broader impact indicators such as:
 objectives regarding industrial participation (eg. Robotics: 20-25% from current 12%);
 objectives on energy consumption (eg. Computing - reduce energy consumption by a
  factor of 50-100);
 objectives in terms of exploitation (eg. Control systems: make 10 EU code providers
  competitive ; Big data challenge: become by 2020 a leading supplier of analytics tools; EU
  robotic sector: capture one third of world market by 2020; interactive translation tools:
  25% increase in efficiency..) ;
 broader societal impact objectives (eg. Transport: reduction in road traffic congestion by
  15% by 2020; improve energy efficiency by 20% by 2020 ).




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3. BUDGET AVAILABLE

Taking into account the uncertainty around the JTIs budget absorption, it is estimated that the
available budget for WP2013 is 1455 M€. Out of this budget we have to deduct budgets
planned to finance Recovery Package PPPs, the Future Internet PPP and new activities
including FET Flagships. This amounts to 415 M€ (Future Internet: 130 M€, Green car: 40
M€, Energy Efficiency: 40 M€, FOF: 70 M€, Collective Awareness: 15 M€ and FET
Flagships: 120 M€). The remaining budget for the rest of WP2013 is therefore 1040 M€.
Given the budgetary limitations, the proposal below seeks to strike a balance between
continuing support to activities launched since the start of FP7 and introduction of new
activities preparing for Horizon 2020.

4. PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR WP2013

4.1.      Challenges and Objectives
The orientations for WP2013 have to capture the developments described above while
proposing a technology agenda that enables European researchers and industry to play an
important role in shaping ICT progress and at the same time prepares them for Horizon 2020.
Each challenge should be addressed through a limited set of objectives that form the basis for
Calls for Proposals. The WP should indicate the set of outcomes targeted by the research
work and how the impact will be measured through Key Performance Indicators.

    4.2. Basic ICT technologies and infrastructures
The activities will build on EU strengths and seize opportunities in emerging fields by
intervening where public and EU support is needed to share risk and build partnerships. They
will include:
a) Networking and service infrastructures (Challenge 1)
       European traditional strength in networking and services remains very high in spite of
       increasing pressure from new competitors and by changes in business models and
       practices. A focused effort is needed to help the European industry enhance its innovation
       capacity. The world market of networking, digital media and related service
       infrastructures exceeds 1800 B€1. The EU-based companies have more than 40% of
       world market shares in Telecom equipment, devices and services but have less significant
       presence in Web-based services. Total EU private R&D investment in this field is around
       2 B€ per year.

       Technological work on roadmap-based research topics will be continued. New
       constituencies (and in particular technologically-innovative SMEs) will be leveraged
       focussing on new generations of web-based applications and services. The approach
       towards future computing systems will be redefined, laying the basis for the future
       European cloud computing strategy and moving towards user-led applications that exploit
       both widely distributed devices and sensors as well as the power of clouds. Future
       Internet technologies that address societal challenges and economic opportunities like the
       "connected and sensing entreprise of the future" will be supported and the Future Internet
       PPP platform will be opened to large constituencies of innovative developers following
       an open innovation model.

1
    Digiworld 2010


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    The proposed budget for 2013 for this challenge is 356 M€ (around 24% of the budget
    available).

b) Robotics and cognitive systems (Challenge 2)
   Robotic systems today not only underpin the competitiveness of main manufacturing
   sectors in Europe; they are also at the origin of a wide range of innovative products and
   services across the economy, from home appliances to health, security, space and leisure.
   This is a high growth market, representing close to 16B€ annually for the total market of
   robotic systems, with an expected increase of more than 50% until 2014.
   Europe can reasonably aim at gaining one-third of the world robotics market by 2020, but
   this requires an EU effort spanning from basic research to uptake actions and should aim
   at strengthening Europe's scientific capital, reinforcing industry-academia cooperation,
   and developing activities to prepare the path towards deployment and innovation.
   In addition to supporting the further development of science and technology in this field,
   special emphasis will be on industrial involvement, use cases and accompanying
   measures to exploit and support the uptake of promising technologies.
   The work on intuitive and co-evolving interactions between humans and smart spaces
   will be managed cooperatively by bringing together fundamental and applied research
   constituencies.
   The budget proposed to be allocated to challenge 2 in WP2013 is 90 M€ (around 6 % of
   the total).

c) Alternative paths to Components and Systems (Challenge 3)
   New opportunities are today arising mainly in the "beyond CMOS" technologies, the
   "more than Moore" field and in Photonics. The evolution of world component markets
   reflects the new opportunities arising with e.g. the growing market of Photonics that
   represent around 290 B€ today (higher than the silicon based components market, 220B€).
   In computing and control, new opportuities are arising for European technology suppliers
   to build on their strengths in energy- and cost-efficient mobile and embedded computing
   systems and to expand into other markets segments like data servers or embedded systems
   with mixed criticalities.
   In 2013, focus will be on strengthening industrial leadership by supporting R&I activities
   of the two key enabling technologies INFSO is responsible for micro/nano-electronics and
   photonics. Building energy- and resource-efficient systems requires further integration
   and cross-fertilisation of a number of key enabling technologies. In computing focus is
   on mastering on all levels concurrency of heterogeneous many-core computing systems.
   In order to stimulate the innovation potential, well-targeted take-up actions will be
   supported with special emphasis on SME users and technology suppliers.
   The proposed budget for this Challenge is 193 M€ which represents around 13 % of the
   total budget available.
d) Addressing the big data challenge (Challenge 4)
   Recent industry reports detail how data volumes are growing at a faster rate than our
   ability to interpret and exploit them for innovative ICT applications, for decision support,
   planning, monitoring, control and interaction. This includes unstructured data types such
   as video, audio, images and free text as well as structured data types such as database
   records, sensor readings and 3D. While each of these types requires some specific form of


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   processing and analytics, many of the general principles for managing and storing them at
   extremes scale are common across all of them.
   This challenge serves the specific goal of creating the conditions for the EU industry to
   become by 2020 a leading supplier of performing analytics tool capable of serving the
   internal market, with its intrinsic linguistic complexity, and become a strong contender in
   the international market (estimated in 2011 to have a potential of approximately 600B$).
   Having a leading industrial basis in this sector is expected to have a strong multiplier
   effect in all data intensive EU industries. It will also serve the increasingly sophisticated
   needs of EU public bodies for effective policy making and implementation. Such bodies
   are estimated to be able to realize significant annual savings from Big Data applications.
   This objective will also foster the reuse of public sector information and strengthen other
   open data activities linked to commercial exploitation.
   The proposed budget for this Challenge is 78 M€ which represents around 5 % of the total
   budget available.
 4.3. Contribution to the major socio-economic challenges
ICT research can help us address Europe's key socio-economic challenges, from a lower
carbon economy, to health and well-being in an ageing society, learning and sharing of
cultural resources as well as competitive businesses and manufacturing for a sustainable
recovery.
WP 2013 will support research that should enable Europe to better seize the opportunities
arising from innovation, driven by ICT use in areas of major socio-economic challenges.

a) ICT for Health, Ageing Well, Inclusion and Governance (Challenge 5)
   Research under Challenge 5 in WP 2013 builds on the activities of WP 2011-12 on ICT
   for health, ageing and inclusion, and governance. It adapts to support new policy
   developments such as the European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing
   and to prepare for Horizon 2020.
   The focus will be on development of solutions that empower the individual to improve
   and manage both personal and professional life conditions and participation as a
   citizen, elderly, patient, consumer, civil servant or worker. Special emphasis will be given
   to productivity gains, customer satisfaction, and provision of new capabilities of public
   interest by spanning across health and social care systems and government and linking up
   to other areas of ICT R&D.
   Special attention will be paid towards the actors engaged in service delivery, such as
   intermediaries and social inclusion actors acting as catalyst at the interface between the
   end users, institutionalised bodies and service providers within the socio-economic
   ecosystem.
   Work will also focus on interactive platforms for social interaction and crowd
   sourcing, for participation of citizens in policy making process at local, national and EU
   level, and simulation of models for governance.
   A new activity will support multidisciplinary research and experiences on online
   collective awareness platforms for social innovation and sustainable social changes,
   aiming at allowing the emergence of a new societal fabric for sustainable development,
   improving economic perspectives, environmental aspects, working conditions, inclusion,
   education, community development, health, energy, and quality of life at large. The


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   scheme will support both generic (⅓ of the budget) and application-specific 'platforms' (⅔
   of the budget) that are anchored in existing or new sectoral communities.

   The total budget for the challenge will be 143 M€ in 2013 (10% of budget available).
b) ICT for a low carbon economy (Challenge 6)
   The challenge will support development, integration and validation of ICT to achieve
   substantial efficiency gains in the distribution and use of key resources with a
   particular focus on energy, transport and water.
   This focus will contribute to the EU commitment to ensure that ICT plays fully its role
   when developing a lower carbon economy. Research will cover smart grids, energy
   efficient buildings and public spaces, electric vehicles and energy efficient mobility. This
   challenge will support the PPPs on energy efficient buildings and green cars.
   In addition, greener ICT will be cross cutting almost all areas of the Work Programme.
   This spans from components with reduced power consumption notably photonic
   components (e.g. lighting) to low power consumption devices, networks and software.
   These will be an integral part of the relevant research objectives.
   It is proposed to allocate a budget of 173 M€ (12% of the budget available) to this
   challenge in 2013.
c) ICT for Enterprise and Manufacturing (Challenge 7)
   The Factories of the Future (FoF) initiative is part of the European Economic Recovery
   Plan launched in November 2008 to respond to the global economic crisis. This Public-
   Private-Partnership (PPP) aims at helping EU manufacturing enterprises, in particular
   SMEs, to adapt to global competitive pressures by improving the technological base of
   manufacturing across a broad range of sectors.
   The ICT contribution to this initiative aims at improving the efficiency, adaptability and
   sustainability of manufacturing and advanced robotics systems as well as their better
   integration within business processes in an increasingly globalised industrial context.
   Challenge 7 is fully dedicated to supporting the FoF PPP. The focus of the work in WP
   2013 is on take-up initiatives. The aim is to bring together ICT suppliers and users for
   experiments that aim at the uptake of advanced sensing, lasers, robotics, and Cloud-
   enabled simulation tools in new domains of manufacturing with a high involvement of
   SMEs.
   As planned in the recovery package, a budget of 70 M€ (5% of budget available) will be
   devoted to this challenge in 2013.
d) ICT for Creativity content and learning (Challenge 8)
   The cultural and creative industries (CI) are a powerful motor for jobs, growth, export
   earnings, cultural diversity and social inclusion, representing 4.5% of total European GDP
   and accounting for some 3.8% of the workforce.
   Professionals in this industry need intuitive, interactive tools informed by sophisticated
   physical models and a deep understanding of the psychology of human perception in order
   to transfer without friction their creative vision into their medium of choice.
   The goal of this challenge is to mobilize the excellent research capacity the EU has in
   order to interact with the very large number of small and medium enterprises that
   produce tools for the creative industry, support their innovation and create a vibrant EU
   technological creativity ecosystem.


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      The work on Creative ICT will be managed cooperatively by bringing together
      fundamental and applied research constituencies.
      In the area of learning it is proposed to develop integrated learning and knowledge
      solution building blocks that can support formal learning contexts led by the public sector,
      including for example learning devices, learning content authoring tools, intelligent
      tutoring systems and virtual learning environments, mobile learning tools. Pre-
      Commercial Procurement (PCP) will be tested as a new instrument for this purpose (5M€
      from the horizontal actions & PCP budget). A budget of 63 M€ (4% of the budget
      available) is proposed to be allocated to this challenge.

    4.4. FET
The FET challenge will continue the open and proactive schemes and bridge towards H2020
by supporting the new activity on preparation of the two FET flagships.
FET Open supports the exploration of new and alternative ideas that, because of their risky
or non-conventional nature, would not be supported elsewhere in the ICT Work Programme.
FET Proactive proposes to address activities including "Embodied evolution of artificial
systems" and "Atomic scale devices and Systems". FET proactive will also collaborate
with Challenge 2 and 8 on topics "Interactions between humans and smart spaces" and
"Creative ICT".
Included in the FET challenge are the proposals resulting from the FET Flagships
preparatory phase, during which six selected topics are being developed. They should
propose a full fledged flagship initiative, out of which two will be selected to be launched as
FET Flagships, initially as a ramp-up phase under FP7.
It is proposed to allocate a total budget 220 M€ (15% of the total) for FET.

    4.5. Exascale Computing
This objective focuses on the development of computing platforms, technologies and
applications for exa-scale computing. It is a continuation of the exascale initiative started in
WP2011-12. It supports system development work in hardware/software platforms, the
coverage of technological gaps that are essential for the exa-scale computing challenge, and
the creation of centres of excellence focusing on the advancement of key technologies,
methods and tools for extreme-performance computing at exa-scale level or the co-design of
hardware and software for grand challenge applications.
A budget of 23 M€ (1,6% of the budget available) is proposed to be allocated to this activity.

    4.6. International cooperation
WP2013 may include coordinated calls2 with third countries: Brazil, the Russian
Federation and Japan. Coordinated calls with other third countries, including a call related
to security with Australia, may also be included subject to mutual agreement.
The work programme will also include a number of "targeted openings" for research
cooperation with other third countries in areas of mutual benefit. This will take account in
particular of recommendations from ISTAG. In addition it is proposed to support horizontal
actions on "International partnership building and support to dialogues". This
programme objective should focus on supporting dialogues between the Commission and

2
    Subject to political commitment on both sides


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strategic partner countries and regions, and foster ICT R&D cooperation between European
organisations and organisations from third countries, both between EU programmes and under
comparable third country programmes.
 4.7. Horizontal activities
Support to SMEs
It is proposed to support a specific horizontal measure to continue the initiative on ICT
Finance Marketplace. The ICT Finance Marketplace is an initiative developing the links
between research coming out of EU funded initiatives in the ICT sector and venture capital
investors. It helps innovative SMEs and individuals involved in ICT R&D Framework
Programmes to become investment ready and to meet venture capital investors. Furthermore
it is proposed to complement the above scheme with supporting ICT clusters/incubators and
cross border services to highly innovative SMEs. A budget of 5M€ is proposed.
Pre-Commercial Public Procurement (PCP)
In order to bridge to Horizon 2020 and put more focus on innovation related activities it is
proposed to significantly increase the support to Pre-Commercial Procurement schemes in
WP2013. Three different activities are planned:
   1. Building on earlier FP7 pilots, a PCP scheme will be supported in the area of digital
      preservation.
   2. A joint PCP pilot involving the Commission and Member States in the area of cloud
      computing is proposed to complement the research work on cloud computing, and to
      support the European Cloud strategy work.
   3. To support the work in the public sector to ensure higher quality and better access to
      education a PCP is proposed to develop innovative solutions to support formal
      learning contexts organised and led by the public sector.
   4. An open call for joint PCP involving both the Commission and Member States. In this
      area a joint PCP with Member States would show the way and allow testing out such a
      scheme to prepare for possibly more ambitious joint projects in the Horizon 2020
      timeframe.
Enlarged Europe
It is proposed to reinforce the cooperation across the enlarged Union and to strengthen
the integration of the European research Area in ICT. Integration is characterized by the
level of collaboration between relevant organisations within the Member and Associated
States and by the appropriate EU-dimension brought into the proposed research results and
solution. Support will go to the participation of additional partners in ongoing FP7/ICT
projects with the aim to increase the level of expertise, broaden the scope and/or speed up the
developments. A budget of 9M€ is proposed.




                                              13
 4.8. Overview of budget distribution

The table below show the budget distributions per challenge:


                                                  WP2013 vs.
  Challenge        WP2013        WP011-12           11-12
     Ch1            356            625              57%
     Ch2             90            155              58%
     Ch3            193            402              48%
     Ch4             78            165              47%
     Ch5            143            262              55%
     Ch6            173            280              62%
     Ch7             70            140              50%
     Ch8             63            100              63%
     FET            220            233              94%
  Exascale           23             25              92%
 Horizontal &
     PCP             46              34             135%
    Total           1455            2421            60%




                                             14
  ANNEX 1: Indicative budget distribution

                                                                                WP2013
1. Networking, computing and service infrastructure                                356
1.1 Future Networks                                                                 50
1.2 Software Engineering, Services and computing *                                  42
1.3 Safe and smart Internet of Things and the Sensing Enterprise                    37
1.4 Security and privacy in cloud and mobile environments                           38
1.5 Networked Digital Media                                                         37
1.6 Future Internet Research Experimentation                                        22
PPP Future Internet                                                                130
2. Cognitive Systems and Robotics                                                   90
2.1 Robotics and cognitive systems                                                  67
2.2 Robotics use cases                                                              23
3. Alternative paths to components and systems                                     193
3.1 Key Enabling Technologies                                                       82
3.2 Heterogeneous Integration of key Enabling technologies                          64
3.3 Advanced Computing and control systems                                          47
4. Content and information management technologies                                  78
4.1 Content analytics and language technologies                                     27
4.2 Scalable data analytics                                                         32
4.3 SME initiative on analytics                                                     19
5. Towards sustainable and personalised healthcare                                 143
5.1 Personalised health, active ageing and independent living                       58
5.2 Virtual Physiological Human                                                     32
5.3 ICT for smart and personalised inclusion                                        19
5.4 ICT for governance and policy modelling                                         19
5.5 Collective awareness                                                            15
6. ICT for a low carbon economy                                                    173
6.1 Smart grids                                                                     18
6.2 Data centres in an energy-efficient and environmentally friendly internet       20
6.3 ICT for water resources management                                              14
6.4 Co-operative mobility                                                           41
PPP ICT for energy-efficient buildings and spaces of public use                     40
PPP ICT for the Fully Electric Vehicle                                              40
7. ICT for the enterprise and manufacturing                                         70
7.1 Application experiments for robot solutions and simulation services             35
7.2 Equipment assessment for sensor ans laser basedapplications                     35
8. ICT for skills and heritage                                                      63
8.1 Tool for fully creative experiences using all senses                            45
8.2 Technology enhanced learning *                                                  18
9.x Future and Emerging Technologies                                               220
FET-Open                                                                            65
FET-Proactive                                                                       35
FET Flagships                                                                      120
Horizontal Actions                                                                  46
10 International Cooperation                                                         8
11.1 Enlarged Europe                                                                 9
11.2 SME                                                                             5
11.3 Pre-Commercial Procurement Learning                                             5
11.4 PCP for Digital preservation                                                    5
11.5 PCP for Cloud computing                                                        10
11.6 PCP Open Call                                                                   4
12.x Special activities                                                             23
12.1 Exa-scale computing                                                            23
Total                                                                             1455

* additional PCP activities under "Horizontal actions & PCP"




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