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Adults Learn Best (DOC)


Adults Learn Best

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									Adults learn best when their motivation comes from a place of self-
awareness and self-direction. Once their motivation has been
established, they absorb information in a cognitive manner, and retain
such information as a result of critical reflection.

I believe adult learning is a process, rather than an end   product. The
rationalization of what occurs while learning takes place   is called a
learning theory. In my opinion, the humanist, cognitive,    and critical
reflection theories most accurately illustrate how adults   learn best.

The position of the Humanist is that a person has the capacity for self-
awareness; that he has control over his behavior. The Humanist allows
that a person has freedom of choice, self-determination and is
responsible for his self-direction. Further, the Humanist's position --
free will -- bases on the belief that these free will attributes mature
or "actuate" in an upward direction, that this progression of personal
growth, and upon reaching an optimum level, result in maturity and
positive self-awareness.

In cognitive learning and development, the individual learns by
listening, watching, touching, reading, or experiencing and then
processing and remembering the information. Cognitive learning might seem
to be passive learning, because there is no motor movement. However, the
learner is quite active, in a cognitive way, in processing and
remembering newly incoming information.

Critical reflection is a process designed to promote the examination and
interpretation of experience and the promotion of cognitive learning. It
is "a process by which service-learners think critically about their
experiences," of looking back on the implications of actions taken (good
and bad), determining what has been gained, lost, or achieved, and
connecting these conclusions to future actions and larger societal

Through reflection students analyze concepts, evaluate experiences, and
form opinions. Critical reflection provides students with the opportunity
to examine and question their beliefs, opinions, and values. It involves
observation, asking questions, and putting facts, ideas, and experiences
together to derive new meaning. The progression from the initial
humanist drive, to cognitive learning and development, ending with
critical reflection most accurately demonstrates how adults learn best.

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