The Effects of Gender Discrimination on the Decline of Women Collegiate Coaches Melissa Hemple May 2002 Although the passage of Title IX in 1972 provided women with greater opportunities in athletics, in recent years there has been a decline in the number of women in coaching positions. Past obstacles dealt with gender discrimination. This study explores whether discrimination is still a factor in the decline of the number of women coaches. In the past, research revealed gender discrimination against women in athletics existed and may be reflected in the number of women coaches hired. The participants in this study were National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I college or university athletic leaders of both genders. Selected NCAA Division I athletic leaders were sent a survey, asking views on women in leadership positions and asking them to rank a list of possible causes for the decline of women in coaching positions. The findings of this study reveal a greater acceptance of women in leadership positions and suggest a more applicant- based reason for the decline in the number of women coaches.
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