EG1413 Critical by ert554898


      Professional Communication

How to search library resources on
            the issue of
        ‘electronic waste’

                Winnifred Wong
          Central Library, NUS Libraries
         Learn how to…

1. Search newspaper articles from
   LexisNexis Academic.

2. Search academic articles from
       3-step search process
1. Determine the keywords from your topic.
    electronic waste
2. Determine the relevant databases.
    For newspapers → search
    LexisNexis Academic
3. Apply search strategies to get the relevant
    Use AND, OR, * , !, ( )
   What’s a search statement?
1. What is it?
    A query string that contains keywords,
    terms and connectors to input into the
    search engine or database.
2. How do I construct one?

    a. Identify keywords and concepts
    b. Learn about connectors
Identify keywords and concepts
• Think of related words or synonyms
• Check that related words are really
  related, e.g. urban and urbane have very
  different meanings!
• Leave out non-concepts terms such as
  ‘issues’, ‘problems’, ‘list’, ‘elaborate’,
  ‘explain’ and so on
    Determine keywords
electronic        waste
gadgets           rubbish
computer(s)       trash
mobile phones
such as
lead, precious
metals, plastic
    Consider related concepts
•   Disposal/waste management e.g. recycling,
    reducing volume of waste to landfill
•   Trans-boundary movement of waste e.g. e-waste
    from Japan to China, from Singapore to Indonesia
•   Impact on people’s livelihoods, e.g. by export to
    countries with cheap labour to process waste, are
    we adding to their environment risks, exploitative
    HR practices and feeding the greed of
Putting them together …
 electronic            waste
 gadget(s)             rubbish

        (electronic OR gadget*)
     (waste OR rubbish OR trash)
1. Boolean operators (AND, OR)

2. Truncation (* or !)

3. Parentheses (brackets)
     What does AND do?
           electronic AND waste

              Items with the          Items with
              word                    the word
              ‘eletronic’             ‘waste’

                Articles containing both words

Without AND, ‘electronic’ will retrieve articles with the phrase
‘waste’. This means articles that contains both words will be
retrieved. Your search result is narrower.
      What does OR do?
               waste OR rubbish

              Articles with           Articles with the
              the word                word ‘rubbish’

             Articles with either the word ‘waste’
             and ‘rubbish’ and where both terms
             occur anywhere in the document will
             be included

This means articles will have ‘waste’ & ‘rubbish’ anywhere in the
full text will be retrieved. Your search results will be a lot longer.
          Truncation ( * or !)
• The truncation symbol expands your
  search by incorporating all variations of a
  root word
  e.g. communit* includes
       Role of parenthesis ( )
Why do we put terms within parenthesis?
e.g. waste AND (gadget* OR computer*)
  Parenthsis [pl. parentheses] tells the
  search engine how to prioritise a complex
  search statement. Otherwise, the default
  mode is from left to right.
  ( ) tells it to search ‘gadget* OR computer*’
  first before combining with ‘waste’ using the
  ‘AND’ boolean operator.
          Next step …
     determine the database
           to search
Newspapers – Lexisnexis Academic
 Not just local news, but also news from
 major capital cities
Academic journals – Scopus
 Usually international coverage
  What is LexisNexis Academic?

• A database that contains digitised versions
  of major newspapers in the world including
  the Straits Times (Singapore) and South
  China Morning Post (Hong Kong)
• Unlimited ‘seats’, i.e. many users can
  access at any one time
   NUS Libraries portal
Main workarea >
 Databases tab
Click on
Campus Login
if you are on
campus or use

Enter Student
password if you
are off-campus
or non IE
Appropriate Use Policy
                     Important! Your
                           actions have
LexisNexis Easy
                1. Use Power Search when you
                need to search more than 1
                source s at the same time.

2. Choose your
source by going to
the Sources panel
and click on “Find
                    1. Choose the
                    newspapers you want to
                    search by entering the
                    name of the newspaper.
                    Repeat until you have
                    selected all the sources
                    you want to search

2. When you have
selected all the
sources you want,
click on the OK-
continue button
      3. Last but not least,
      Enter your search
      statement in the box

(Optional) You can further
select the section from which
you want to search from.
1. Thissearch retrieved 2,225 results

                             2. The left column gives you
                             summary information. In this case,
                             it tells me that there are more
                             articles found in ST than in SCMP.
3. Sort by Relevance to
see the most relevant
articles first
This is one of the articles

Look inside the article for
                                         a. UN Basel Convention
valuable info:                           governing the transport of
                                         b. Singapore signed it in

                              c. The reality is quite complex
  Ways to refine search results
1. Scroll to the end of the document

 2. Click on one or more appropriate
 terms to refine your search
Search within results


    OR you can
    add an
    additional term
    to search in
    this box
Select items you want …

 Click the top box to select all the
 articles you shortlisted
 Exporting search results

To print, email or save,
select your records first.

                             Click on any of
                             these icons to print,
                             email or download
                             the articles selected
                        E-mail options
Enter the email you want to
send the results to

 Choose full doc
1. Identify the key concepts in your search
2. Think of possible variations and synonyms for
   the keywords and decide which ones may be
3. Combine the keywords with use of appropriate
   boolean operators, truncation and/or
   parentheses to construct your search statement
4. Choose your database
5. Run your search query …
 Let’s try an academic database

• Scopus
  It is a multi-disciplinary database of
  academic journals, book chapters and
  selected conference proceedings
  Apply 3-step search process

1. Determine keywords from the topic.
2. Determine relevant databases to search.
3. Apply search strategies to get the
   relevant results.
                  Find Scopus
Go to NUS Libraries portal. At the databases tab, click on Scopus
Search statement in Scopus

Refine search
using options in
the left column
                                      Quick access to edit
                                      your search

                       Articles are technical
                       & specialised
                 Finding the full-text

1. Click on View at Publisher
to get the full article at the        2. To find if NUS Libraries has a copy of
publisher’s site (if available)       the journal, click on the LINC icon

                   Don’t use this button – feature is
                   not ready until Oct 2011
Click on PDF to
get the full text
                       Output options

                Most commonly used. The
                Export function is really
                important if you use software
                such as Endnote or Zotero
                                                Extra features in Scopus
Do not use this!                                available, some require you
Requires the                                    to set up an account (free
publisher’s Download                            registration)
Manager utility & it
doesn’t work!

         Here, we are exporting in RIS
         format which is compatible with
         Endnote software. There are other
         formats available.
         I chose the output as “Abstract
         format” to include the Abstract and
         author keywords. You can choose
         other output formats.
         In conclusion…
• To search for newspapers, start with
  LexisNexis Academic.

• To search for academic or scholarly
  articles, start with Scopus.
There is a whole lot more …

           Subject Guides, also known as
           Lib(rary)Guides list sources of
           information relevant to a particular
           subject. Go to the tab “Subject
           Guides’, look under School of
           Design and Environment, and then
           subject area e.g. Architecture,
           Building or Real Estate.
If you have any questions about using
   materials in the library, please:

• Email us at
• Call us at 6516-2028
• Come and see us at the Information Desk,
  5th floor, Central Library

                Thank you!

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