ES2007D Professional Communication How to search library resources on the issue of ‘electronic waste’ Winnifred Wong Central Library, NUS Libraries firstname.lastname@example.org Learn how to… 1. Search newspaper articles from LexisNexis Academic. 2. Search academic articles from Scopus. 3-step search process 1. Determine the keywords from your topic. electronic waste 2. Determine the relevant databases. For newspapers → search LexisNexis Academic 3. Apply search strategies to get the relevant results. Use AND, OR, * , !, ( ) What’s a search statement? 1. What is it? A query string that contains keywords, terms and connectors to input into the search engine or database. 2. How do I construct one? a. Identify keywords and concepts b. Learn about connectors Identify keywords and concepts • Think of related words or synonyms • Check that related words are really related, e.g. urban and urbane have very different meanings! • Leave out non-concepts terms such as ‘issues’, ‘problems’, ‘list’, ‘elaborate’, ‘explain’ and so on Determine keywords electronic waste gadgets rubbish computer(s) trash mobile phones Components such as microchip, lead, precious metals, plastic casing Consider related concepts • Disposal/waste management e.g. recycling, reducing volume of waste to landfill • Trans-boundary movement of waste e.g. e-waste from Japan to China, from Singapore to Indonesia • Impact on people’s livelihoods, e.g. by export to countries with cheap labour to process waste, are we adding to their environment risks, exploitative HR practices and feeding the greed of ‘entrepreneurs’? Putting them together … electronic waste gadget(s) rubbish trash (electronic OR gadget*) AND (waste OR rubbish OR trash) Connectors 1. Boolean operators (AND, OR) 2. Truncation (* or !) 3. Parentheses (brackets) What does AND do? electronic AND waste Items with the Items with word the word ‘eletronic’ ‘waste’ Articles containing both words Without AND, ‘electronic’ will retrieve articles with the phrase ‘waste’. This means articles that contains both words will be retrieved. Your search result is narrower. What does OR do? waste OR rubbish Articles with Articles with the the word word ‘rubbish’ ‘waste’ Articles with either the word ‘waste’ and ‘rubbish’ and where both terms occur anywhere in the document will be included This means articles will have ‘waste’ & ‘rubbish’ anywhere in the full text will be retrieved. Your search results will be a lot longer. Truncation ( * or !) • The truncation symbol expands your search by incorporating all variations of a root word e.g. communit* includes community communities communitarian Role of parenthesis ( ) Why do we put terms within parenthesis? e.g. waste AND (gadget* OR computer*) Parenthsis [pl. parentheses] tells the search engine how to prioritise a complex search statement. Otherwise, the default mode is from left to right. ( ) tells it to search ‘gadget* OR computer*’ first before combining with ‘waste’ using the ‘AND’ boolean operator. Next step … determine the database to search Newspapers – Lexisnexis Academic Not just local news, but also news from major capital cities Academic journals – Scopus Usually international coverage What is LexisNexis Academic? • A database that contains digitised versions of major newspapers in the world including the Straits Times (Singapore) and South China Morning Post (Hong Kong) • Unlimited ‘seats’, i.e. many users can access at any one time NUS Libraries portal http://www.lib.nus.edu.sg Main workarea > Databases tab Click on Campus Login if you are on campus or use IE Enter Student Domain, NUSNET ID and password if you are off-campus or non IE browsers Appropriate Use Policy Important! Your actions have consequences LexisNexis Easy 1. Use Power Search when you need to search more than 1 source s at the same time. 2. Choose your source by going to the Sources panel and click on “Find sources” 1. Choose the newspapers you want to search by entering the name of the newspaper. Repeat until you have selected all the sources you want to search 2. When you have selected all the sources you want, click on the OK- continue button 3. Last but not least, Enter your search statement in the box (Optional) You can further select the section from which you want to search from. 1. Thissearch retrieved 2,225 results 2. The left column gives you summary information. In this case, it tells me that there are more articles found in ST than in SCMP. 3. Sort by Relevance to see the most relevant articles first This is one of the articles Look inside the article for a. UN Basel Convention valuable info: governing the transport of waste. b. Singapore signed it in 1996 c. The reality is quite complex Ways to refine search results 1. Scroll to the end of the document 2. Click on one or more appropriate terms to refine your search Search within results Recycl* OR you can add an additional term to search in this box Select items you want … Click the top box to select all the articles you shortlisted Exporting search results To print, email or save, select your records first. Click on any of these icons to print, email or download the articles selected E-mail options Enter the email you want to send the results to Choose full doc Summary 1. Identify the key concepts in your search 2. Think of possible variations and synonyms for the keywords and decide which ones may be useful 3. Combine the keywords with use of appropriate boolean operators, truncation and/or parentheses to construct your search statement 4. Choose your database 5. Run your search query … Let’s try an academic database • Scopus It is a multi-disciplinary database of academic journals, book chapters and selected conference proceedings Apply 3-step search process 1. Determine keywords from the topic. 2. Determine relevant databases to search. 3. Apply search strategies to get the relevant results. Find Scopus Go to NUS Libraries portal. At the databases tab, click on Scopus Search statement in Scopus Results Refine search using options in the left column Quick access to edit your search Articles are technical & specialised Finding the full-text 1. Click on View at Publisher to get the full article at the 2. To find if NUS Libraries has a copy of publisher’s site (if available) the journal, click on the LINC icon Don’t use this button – feature is not ready until Oct 2011 Click on PDF to get the full text Output options Most commonly used. The Export function is really important if you use software such as Endnote or Zotero Extra features in Scopus Do not use this! available, some require you Requires the to set up an account (free publisher’s Download registration) Manager utility & it doesn’t work! Export Here, we are exporting in RIS format which is compatible with Endnote software. There are other formats available. I chose the output as “Abstract format” to include the Abstract and author keywords. You can choose other output formats. In conclusion… • To search for newspapers, start with LexisNexis Academic. • To search for academic or scholarly articles, start with Scopus. There is a whole lot more … Subject Guides, also known as Lib(rary)Guides list sources of information relevant to a particular subject. Go to the tab “Subject Guides’, look under School of Design and Environment, and then subject area e.g. Architecture, Building or Real Estate. If you have any questions about using materials in the library, please: • Email us at email@example.com • Call us at 6516-2028 • Come and see us at the Information Desk, 5th floor, Central Library Thank you!
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