State Health Workforce Profile, 2000, New Mexico (PDF) by Alexa Morrow

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									New Mexico
HRSA STATE HEALTH WORKFORCE PROFILE


                 New Mexico
                          December 2000




                     Bureau of Health Professions
     National Center for Health Workforce Information & Analysis
            Health Resources and Services Administration
            US Department of Health and Human Services
                          Rockville, Maryland
                                      ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


This State Health Workforce Profile was prepared for HRSA by the Center for Health Workforce Studies,
School of Public Health, University at Albany, State University of New York, supported by contract HRSA
230-BHPr-26(9). The Center is a not-for-profit research organization dedicated to the study of the supply,
demand, distribution, education, and use of physicians, nurses, and other health professionals and parapro-
fessionals.

Several staff from the Center for Health Workforce Studies contributed to this study, including Michael
Dill, Edward Salsberg, Paul Wing, Amy Rizzo, Debra Krohl, Aisha Fields, Jean Moore, Hui-shien
Tsao, Gilbert Marzan, Vicki Myers, Chidiadi Acoma, Mark Beaulieu, Cheryl Szczepkowski, Guy
Forte, Mark Dionne, Michael Ayers and Laureen Otto. The support and assistance of Marilyn Biviano,
Steve Tise and Kevin Ropp at the National Center for Health Workforce Information and Analysis,
HRSA, were invaluable. Additional assistance was provided to the Center by Kathy Tanner and
Bonnie Cohen. We would also like to thank Ayah E. Johnson, Division for Nursing, HRSA, and
Christine Kovner, NYU, for their comments on early drafts of the Nursing section, as well as Richard
A. Cooper, Health Policy Institute, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, for his work on and
assistance with non-physician clinician data.
November 6, 2000

Dear Colleague:

This new Health Workforce Profile contains the latest, most accurate data on your State’s health profes-
sional workforce—data that health researchers, educators, and policymakers will rely on in assessing
current workforce needs and in planning for the future.

These first-ever profiles, produced by the Health Resources and Services Administration, cover every State
and the District of Columbia. They will provide information on:

    · the health status of State residents; and
    · the number of physicians, nurses, dentists and professionals from 26 other health care disciplines.

Comprehensive data to develop informed policies on the health professional workforce has never been
more critical. While our Nation benefits from astounding medical advances, millions of uninsured and
isolated Americans face barriers to quality health care in part because the right mix of health care profes-
sionals is not available to serve them. For no matter how sophisticated we are in finding new medical cures
and treatments—or in insuring more of our citizens—access to quality health care will still depend on a well-
trained and diverse workforce able to provide appropriate services where needed.

Each of the 51 Health Workforce Profiles offers a wealth of information for identifying and addressing
health workforce gaps. Because historical data offer a glimpse into the past to plan for the future, we
encourage you to compare your State’s status with regional and national data to see how you are doing
relative to others, and seek opportunities to collaborate on common challenges. Through the Profiles, we
will provide detailed education, employment, and demographic data for mapping out where a State is and
where it needs to go for meeting its future health workforce needs.

A companion document—the HRSA State Health Workforce Data Resource Guide—is a tool that will
help you analyze data to answer your unique questions. You can find additional assistance and data on the
Web at www.ask.hrsa.gov or by contacting the HRSA Information Center at 1-888-ASK HRSA. We
welcome comments on how we can make the profiles even more useful.

                                                 Sincerely,




Claude Earl Fox, M.D., M.P.H.                                   Sam S. Shekar, M.D., M.P.H.
Administrator                                                   Associate Administrator
Health Resources and Services Administration                    for Health Professions
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface. .............................................................................................................................................. iii
Background. ........................................................................................................................................... 1
Health services employment by place of work. ........................................................................................ 4
        Hospitals. ................................................................................................................................... 9
        Nursing & personal care facilities. ............................................................................................. 12
        Home health care services. ........................................................................................................ 15
        Offices & clinics. ...................................................................................................................... 17
        Medical & dental laboratories. .................................................................................................. 19
Health professions. ............................................................................................................................... 20
        Physicians. ................................................................................................................................ 23
        Nursing. ................................................................................................................................... 32
            Registered Nurses. ............................................................................................................. 33
            Advanced Practice Nurses. ................................................................................................. 39
            Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurses (LPNs). ..................................................................... 42
        Dentistry. .................................................................................................................................. 46
            Dentists. ............................................................................................................................. 46
            Dental hygienists. ................................................................................................................ 50
            Dental assistants. ................................................................................................................ 53
        Non-Physician Clinicians. .......................................................................................................... 56
            Physician Assistants. ........................................................................................................... 56
            Chiropractors. .................................................................................................................... 58
            Podiatrists. ......................................................................................................................... 59
            Optometrists & Opticians. .................................................................................................. 60
        Pharmacy. ................................................................................................................................ 63
            Pharmacists. ....................................................................................................................... 63
            Pharmacy technicians & aides. ............................................................................................ 65
        Mental health. ........................................................................................................................... 67
            Psychologists. ..................................................................................................................... 67
            Social workers. .................................................................................................................. 70
        Allied health. ............................................................................................................................. 73
            Physical therapy. ................................................................................................................ 73
            Occupational therapy. ......................................................................................................... 77
            Speech-language pathology & audiology. ............................................................................ 81
            Respiratory therapy. ............................................................................................................ 84
            Technicians & technologists. ................................................................................................ 87
            Dieticians & nutritionists. ..................................................................................................... 94
        Auxilliary health. ....................................................................................................................... 95
            Home health aides. ............................................................................................................. 95
            Nursing aides, orderlies & attendants. ................................................................................. 96
Technical notes & references. ................................................................................................................ 97




                                                                                                                            New Mexico -- i
ii -- New Mexico
PREFACE
The success of the health care system is dependent on qualified personnel. Access to care, quality of care,
and costs of care are all affected by the availability of properly educated and trained workers. In formulating
policies, plans, and programs, health policy makers should carefully consider the supply, demand, distribu-
tion, education, and use of the workers needed to deliver essential services.

The health workforce—healthcare professionals and others working in health care facilities—is also an
important component of the economic engine in the U.S., representing more than 10.5 percent of all Ameri-
can workers. These workers also generate a large share of the Gross Domestic Product in the country.

States play several critical roles related to the health workforce. They license and credential health profes-
sionals. They provide significant funding for health professions education, particularly through public colleges
and universities. State reimbursement policies for Medicaid and the regulation of private insurers have a
major impact on the use of health professionals. And states play an important role in assuring access to care
for all residents and in assuring high quality health care.

To carry out these and other roles and responsibilities, it is essential that state policy makers have
accurate, timely data on the supply, demand, distribution, education, and use of health personnel in
their respective states. This report is designed to fill that need. By compiling, organizing, and pre-
senting a wide range of data about the health workforce, the profile will help state planners and
policy makers to address critical health workforce issues.

Fifty-one of these reports have been prepared, one for each state plus the District of Columbia.
Readers may compare one state with another by referring to the corresponding report(s) to develop
suitable comparisons, benchmarks, and reference points. They can also refer to a companion docu-
ment, The HRSA State Health Workforce Data Resource Guide, for guidance on using the data
presented in these profiles and where to find more detailed data to address different health workforce
issues.
The 51 State Health Workforce Profiles are available on CD-ROM and in hard copy through the HRSA
Information Center at 1-888-ASK-HRSA (or www.ask.hrsa.gov). They are also available for
downloading on the Internet as Adobe AcrobatTM files at the HRSA website (www.hrsa.gov).




                                                                                         New Mexico -- iii
iv -- New Mexico
INTRODUCTION
This report presents a variety of data related to the health workforce in New Mexico. Estimated numbers of
workers are presented to indicate the size of the state’s workforce. Per capita ratios are also presented for
comparisons with other states and the nation. Where possible, data are provided for several years. This
provides important insights about whether the number of providers in a profession is growing (e.g., PAs and
NPs) or shrinking (e.g., dentists). It also provides an internal consistency check on the data.

This report is organized into three main sections:



√ A brief overview of the health status of New Mexico residents and health services in the state which
    impact on the supply and demand for health workers;

√ Health care employment by place of work, including hospitals, nursing homes and other settings; and
√ Health care employment in more than 25 health professions and occupations in the state, including
    physicians, nurses, and others.


Collectively, the tables, charts and maps provide a relatively comprehensive overview of the health
workforce in New Mexico. As in any complex system, however, these different data sets only scratch the
surface in terms of describing the role of the workforce in providing health services to the public. Careful
readers will detect patterns in the data that raise questions about the delivery of services, access to care,
and perhaps even quality of care. They will also observe trends that reveal improvement or deterioration of
services. Ultimately, the data will help to shape policy and program responses to issues raised by those
involved in the delivery of health care service.




                                                                                       New Mexico -- v
  THE HEALTH WORKFORCE
  The health workforce can be viewed from two perspectives: by place of work; or by profession and
  occupation. This report presents data from both perspectives. The health workforce in health settings
  includes health professionals (e.g. physicians, nurses), paraprofessionals (e.g., nurse aides, home health
  aides, and technicians), and non-patient care workers employed in health service settings (e.g., food service
  workers, administrative staff). Some health professionals also work in other settings (e.g., nurses employed
  in schools and insurance firms).

  These groups combine to make up 10.5% of the nation’s total workforce. This represents a substantial
  portion of overall labor market activity and bears significantly on broader economic policies as well as more
  targeted health care policies and issues. The total numbers of workers in the different categories in the entire
  US are shown in the following figure and table.

                                           THE US HEALTH WORKFORCE, 1999

   Health service settings                                                         Health professions & occupations



                                  4.1 million
                                     other              8.5 million health         2.1 million
                                   workers                professionals              health
                                                                                  professionals




                                                Health professionals         Other workers          Total

    Health service settings                          8,485,358                 4,064,745           12,550,104
    Other work settings                              2,103,557               124,713,945          126,817,502
    Total                                           10,588,915               128,778,690          139,367,605


    Health professionals working in health service settings                          8,485,358              6.1%
    Health professionals working in other settings                                   2,103,557              1.5%
    Other workers in health service settings                                         4,064,745              2.9%
    US health workforce                                                             14,653,661           10.5%

    US civilian labor force                                                       139,367,605          100.0%

  Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.


vi -- New Mexico
PLACE OF WORK

Data presented for health services employment by place of work are based on the Standard Industrial
Classification system used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and other federal agencies and cover the
following types of health care settings:

    √ Hospitals, including general medical and surgical, psychiatric and other specialty hospitals;
    √ nursing and personal care facilities, including skilled nursing care facilities, intermediate care facilities,
      and nursing and personal care facilities not elsewhere classified;
    √ home health care organizations;
    √ offices and clinics, including the offices and clinics of physicians, dentists, chiropractors, optom-
      etrists, podiatrists, and health care practitioners not elsewhere classified; and
    √ medical and dental laboratories.

These data are counts of people employed in each settings. Persons employed in more than one place may
be counted more than once. The data are based on job titles, not personal credentials. If a person has more
than one job, that individual might be included under two or more different occupations, types of health care
organization, or even geographic areas.

HEALTH PROFESSIONS AND OCCUPATIONS

Data on the different health professions and occupations are presented for persons in these professions and
occupations regardless of whether or not they are currently working in a health services setting. The figures
in different tables may represent counts of professionals, employment estimates, active licensees, or FTEs
(full time equivalents). Each of these presentations has a different meaning, and readers should take care to
interpret the figures appropriately.

    √ Counts of professionals are estimates of the numbers of individuals active in a profession in a
      specific geographic area at a given point in time. These estimates do not usually differentiate
      full-time versus part-time employment in the profession.
    √ Employment estimates are estimates of occupational employment generated using employer surveys,
      without regard for full time versus part time employment. As with place of work estimates,
      individuals with more than one job may be counted more than once.
    √ Counts of licensees can also result in over-counting, since some persons holding licenses may be
      temporarily or permanently not practicing or working in the profession. in addition, some licensees
      may be licensed in more than one state and may show up in the counts for all those states.
    √ Full time equivalent (FTE) estimates do consider full-time and part-time status. These estimates
        count part-time workers as fractions of full-time workers, sometimes simply one-half or one-third of
        full-time, and sometimes fractions based on hours worked. FTE estimates may still double count
        individuals working in multiple places.

                                                                                          New Mexico -- vii
  REGION

  Throughout this report, comparisons are presented among New Mexico, Region VI, and the nation as a
  whole in order to provide a broader context for the data. Region VI is one of the ten regions of the country
  as defined by the US Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). Wherever figures for
  Region VI are given, they represent values for the region as a whole, including New Mexico. In some
  instances, data were only available at the regional or national level. In such cases, these data have been
  presented within blue boxes to distinguish them clearly from state level data. (In the case of Registered
  Nurses, there is a distinct source of data that uses Census Divisions which are different from the USDHHS
  regions. These figures are clearly labeled as using Census Divisions.)




                       U.S. DEPARTMENT               OF    HEALTH       AND     HUMAN SERVICES REGIONS



                                                           Region VII

                                          Region VIII                                                  Region II                   Region I
                                                                                     Region V
  Region X




                                                                                                                             Region III



   Region IX
                                                                                                              Region IV


                                                   Region VI




  Region II includes Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, although data for these are not included in Region II presentations. Region IX includes
     American Samoa and Guam, although data for these are not included in Region IX presentations.




viii -- New Mexico
EDUCATIONAL PIPELINE

Data on the post-secondary educational “pipeline” for health professionals are presented where
available to help readers assess trends in numbers of individuals entering a profession, and to serve
as a partial basis for developing projections of future numbers of professionals. For many profes-
sions, the education data provide the best available descriptions of the demographic characteristics of
new entrants to the profession in the state.

STATE RANKS

A number of the tables in this report present state ranks to indicate the relative magnitude of selected
statistics. In instances where a statistic is not available for all 50 states (e.g., the number of medical
school graduates, which excludes seven states with no medical school), the rank also shows the
number of states included in the ranking process. The District of Columbia has been excluded from
the ranking process, because it is a city that is not comparable to the 50 states that have much more varied
geographic and demographic composition.

The ranks are generally assigned so that the state with the largest number (e.g., the most physicians per
100,000 population) is assigned the rank of 1, and the state with the smallest number is assigned the rank of
50. In the Background section of the report, the ranks for some of the statistics (e.g., for infant mortality)
are assigned so that the state with the “best” number (i.e., the lowest mortality rate) is assigned the rank of
1, and the “worst” number is assigned the rank of 50. Readers should use care when interpreting and using
these ranks.

CAVEATS AND LIMITATIONS

Although much effort has been devoted to locating, compiling, organizing, and displaying the data
presented in this report, it is inevitable that there are a number of limitations in this first edition of
the profile. Some of the limitations are related to the accuracy of the data in the original sources;
some are related to the timeliness of the data; and others are related to the lack of consistency of
definitions over time. Several are worth special mention:



√ Although national totals and averages for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) data are available for
    1999, as of late 2000, BLS has not yet released state level data beyond 1998. In addition, BLS made
    major changes in its occupational typologies and categories in 1995, which made it impossible to
    present occupational trends for the 1990s.




                                                                                        New Mexico -- ix
  √ A similar problem exists for the data on graduations from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data
      System (IPEDS) maintained by the National Center for Education Statistics. The most recent IPEDS
      data available for inclusion in this report are for 1996-97. In addition, significant year-to-year fluc-
      tuations in the numbers of degrees awarded by health professions education programs may reflect
      reporting problems and shortcomings. Although these data may, in fact, be correct, some have been
      omitted due to lack of time to confirm accuracy.

  √ A number of states collect their own data on the health workforce. Although it is reasonable to expect
      that these locally developed files are more accurate and timely than comparable national files, it was not
      possible to assess the quality of these data. Accordingly, they have not been used in this first edition of
      this report. Local data also present the difficulty of incomparability with data from national sources or
      from other states which limits their usefulness in this report.

  √ For most of the health settings and health professions, each section includes the per capita number for
      the state, the region in which the state is located, and the national average. This is presented to allow
      readers to assess how their state compares to others. Beyond the regional and national averages, this
      report does not present normative benchmarks or targets for any of the per capita ratios of workers to
      population.

  √ Substate data have been provided in only a few places in this edition. This reflects both the limited
      availability of county level (or other substate regional) data and the substantial resources required to
      validate, prepare and present such data.

  Other limitations and special situations are described in more detail in the technical appendix at the end of
  the report.




  THE HRSA STATE HEALTH WORKFORCE DATA RESOURCE GUIDE

  The Data Resource Guide has been prepared as a companion to the state profiles. It provides extensive
  information on where to obtain health workforce data, both in hard copy and electronically. It also describes
  steps to organize and analyze health workforce data. Copies are are available from the HRSA Information
  Center at 1-888-ASK-HRSA (www.ask.hrsa.gov).




x -- New Mexico
                               REQUEST FOR FEEDBACK

This report is a first edition. Considerable work has gone into compiling data from hun-
dreds of sources and every effort has been made to check the accuracy of the data. Never-
theless, HRSA and the New York Center for Health Workforce Studies, who compiled the
report for HRSA, recognize that there may be errors or omissions. In addition, new data will
become available in the future.

Readers are invited to advise the Center of any corrections or omissions detected in the
report. This will help to ensure that future printed editions of the profiles and the electronic
version at the HRSA web site present the latest and most accurate data available. Corrections,
suggestions, and comments should be transmitted to the Center for Health Workforce Studies
via the Internet at http://chws.albany.edu/html/profiles_feedback.html.




                                                                                  New Mexico -- xi
xii -- New Mexico
BACKGROUND

  √         The total population of New Mexico is projected to grow 32% by 2020. This is in
            addition to 43% growth between 1980 and 2000. Additional health care workers will be
            needed to serve the growing population.
  √         The population over 65 is projected to grow 80% by 2020. This is in addition to 78%
            growth in this age group between 1980 and 2000. This is expected to increase the de-
            mand for health care services.
  √         Blacks/African Americans represent only 2% of the population of New Mexico, com-
            pared to 12% for the US. A large proportion of the population is Hispanic/Latino (40%),
            more than for the entire US (11%). Eight percent of the population is Native American/
            Alaskan Native and 1% is Asian/Pacific Islander. The proportion of the population that
            is non-Hispanic White is 49%, compared to 72% for the US.
  √         In 1997, New Mexico was well below the national averages in the rate of deaths due to
            cancer and heart disease and above the national average in the rate of deaths due to
            firearms.
  √         In 1998, New Mexico ranked 48th in the country in the number of hospital beds per
            100,000 population and 43rd in the number of nursing home beds for people 65 and over.




POPULATION              PROFILE

                            Projected percentage change in total
                          population & population 65 + years of age,
                                    1980-2000 & 2000-2020

                  Total population                                         Population 65 + years of age
 120%                                                         120%


 100%                                                         100%

                                                                          78%       80%
  80%                                                          80%                                      70%

  60%                                                          60%                                                           53%
          43%                                                                                 43%
  40%                                                          40%                                                36%
                    32%       29%
                                        24%       21%
                                                             18%
  20%                                                          20%


   0%                                                              0%
        1980-2000 2000-2020 1980-2000 2000-2020 1980-2000 2000-2020     1980-2000 2000-2020 1980-2000 2000-2020 1980-2000 2000-2020

           New Mexico            Region VI              US                 New Mexico            Region VI              US

Source: Bureau of the Census.

                                                                                                      New Mexico -- 1
  SELECTED       CHARACTERISTICS OF THE POPULATION

                                                              New Mexico              Region VI                  US        NM rank




             Population (in thousands), 2000                             1,860            32,408            274,635          36/50


            Pct. of population female, 2000                             50.7%               51.0%              51.0%         37/50

            Pct. of female population child-
                                                                        52.3%               53.0%              52.5%         30/50
                               bearing age, 2000

                Pct. of population 65 +, 2000                           11.1%               11.4%              12.6%         44/50


                Pct. of population 85 +, 2000                             1.2%                1.3%               1.5%        46/50

       Pct. of pop 25 + ig sc ool grad. or
                                                                        79.6%               79.0%              82.8%         41/50
                                 equiv alent, 1998

       Pct. of population liv ing at or below
                                                                        20.4%               15.8%              12.7%         50/50
                             pov erty lev el, 1998


                     Unemployment rate, 1999                              5.6%                4.6%               4.2%        47/50


     Median household income, 1997-1998                              $31,049             $34,001            $38,233          46/50

     Source: Bureau of the Census; Bureau of Labor Statistics.
     Notes: See introduction for an explanation of ranks presented.Child-bearing age defined as 14 - 50 years.




                          Race & ethnicity of the population, 2000

               80%

                                   72%
               70%
                                                             New Mexico
                             61%
               60%                                           Region VI

               50%
                       49%                                   US
                                                                                    40%
               40%


               30%

                                                                                          21%
               20%
                                                 14%
                                                       12%                                      11%
               10%                                                                                        8%
                                                                             4%
                                            2%                    1% 2%                                        2% 1%
                0%
                      Non-Hispanic whit e   Black/African         Asian & Pacific   Hispanic/Lat ino(a)      American
                                              American               Islander                             Indian/Alaskan
                                                                                                              Nat ive

             Source: Bureau of the Census.


2 -- New Mexico
HEALTH STATUS                  INDICATORS
                                                       New Mexico          Region VI                US       NM rank

       Pct. of mothers receiving prenatal care
                     during first trimester, 1998
                                 Non-Hispanic white           75.1%               83.1%         84.8%              50/50
                            Black/African American            58.5%               68.7%         73.3%              49/49
                                   Hispanic/Latino(a)         64.8%               70.5%         74.3%              42/50

                       Infant mortality rate, 1996-8
                               Non-Hispanic white                6.4                6.9              6.0           31/50
                            Black/African American               -                 12.9             13.9             -
                                   Hispanic/Latino(a)            6.6                6.6              5.9           19/37
                             Asian & Pacific Islander            -                  5.8              5.2             -
                American Indian/Alaskan Native                   7.2                7.6              9.3            1/13

           Pct. of infants low birth weight, 1998
                             Non-Hispanic white                8.1%                 -               6.6%           48/50
                            Black/African American            11.4%                 -           13.0%               7/42
                                   Hispanic/Latino(a)          7.5%                 -               6.4%           33/43

      Incidence (per 100,000 population), 1997
                               Cancer deaths                  107.9               127.5         125.5               6/50
                               Heart disease deaths           102.2               139.4         130.3               8/50
                                       Firearm deaths           16.8               15.1             12.2           42/50
                                                TB cases         4.1                9.2              7.4           22/50
                                Reported AIDS cases             12.7               20.0             19.5           30/50


      Source: National Center for Health Statistics.




HEALTH          CARE INFRASTRUCTURE
                                                                 New Mexico             Region VI           US           NM rank


                    Health care expenditures per capita, 1994          $ 2,771            $ 2,838        $ 3,053           33/50
                   Hospital beds per 100,000 population, 1998            201.3             311.7           310.8           48/50
                       Hospital inpatient days per capita, 1998            0.4                0.6            0.7           49/50

          Nursing home beds per 1,000 population 65+, 1998                37.2              66.4            52.7           43/50

               Medicaid recipients (pct. of population), 1998            19.0%              13.1%          14.7%            5/50
                Medicare enrollees (pct. of population), 1998            13.0%              12.5%          14.1%           39/50
                    Percentage of population uninsured, 1998             21.1%              22.4%          16.3%           46/50

 Vaccination cov erage for children 19-35 mos. (pct.), 1997              77.0%              75.2%          77.9%           29/50

   Pct. of total employment in health serv ices sector, 1998               9.2%              9.3%           9.0%           26/50

Source: American Association of Retired Persons; American Hospital Association; Bureau of the Census; HCFA; Bureau of
    Labor Statistics.

                                                                                                     New Mexico -- 3
  HEALTH SERVICES EMPLOYMENT BY PLACE OF WORK
    √        There were more than 63,600 workers employed in the health sector in New Mexico
             in 1998, 9.2% of New Mexico‘s total workforce. New Mexico ranked 37th among
             the states in per capita health services employment.
    √        Health services employment in New Mexico grew 53% between 1988 and 1998,
             while the state’s population grew by 16%, resulting in a net per capita growth of 32%
             in health services sector employment. This exceeds the national rate of net per capita
             growth in the health services sector of 23%.
    √        Registered nurses, licensed practical nurses and direct care workers (nurse aides,
             orderlies and attendants) constituted the largest group of health services workers in
             the United States in 1998 (31% of the health services workforce).
    √        More New Mexico health service workers were employed by hospitals (44.8 %) in
             1998 than in any other health care setting.



  TOTAL HEALTH                SERVICES SECTOR EMPLOYMENT

    Health services employment as a percentage of all employment,
                                1998




                                                                                                               10.2 to 11.8
                                                                                                               9.1 to 10.2
                                                                                                               7.6 to 9.1
                                                                                                               5.4 to 7.6

                                                                                                          US             9.0%
                                                                                                       Region VI         9.3%
                                                                                                     New Mexico          9.2%

        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
        Note: Total helath services employment includes all health settings but not health professionals employed
               outside the standard health care settings, i.e., the SIC 80 series (hospitals, nursing and personal care
               facilities, offices and clinics, home health services, medical and dental laboratories, and health services
               not elsewhere classified). Most recent place of work data available for New Mexico were 1997.

4 -- New Mexico
                            Health services employment, 1998

                                                            New Mexico            Region VI          US     NM rank

                           Health serv ices employment            63,693          1,286,463    11,152,727     37/50

Health serv ices employment per 100,000 population                  3,674             4,060         4,127     37/50

    Percent of total employment in health serv ices                   9.2%             9.3%          9.0%     26/50



      Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




      Health services employment per 100,000 population, 1998



                   4,500
                                                              4,060                     4,127
                   4,000
                                   3,674
                   3,500


                   3,000


                   2,500


                   2,000


                   1,500


                   1,000


                    500


                       0
                                 New Mexico                  Region VI                    US




                      Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




                                                                                                New Mexico -- 5
   Percentage change in health services employment, population &
    health services employment per 100,000 population, 1988-1998


                                                                 New Mexico
                    60%                                          Region VI
                                53%
                                       50%
                    50%
                                                                 US


                    40%                        36%
                                                                                        32% 33%
                    30%
                                                                                                       23%
                    20%                                      16%
                                                                      13%
                                                                             11%
                    10%



                      0%
                             Health serv ices employment          Population         Health serv ices employment
                                                                                       per 100,000 population



                           Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




       Composition of health services employment by occupation,
                                US, 1998

                                                      LPNs   Physicians
                                                       5%       4%

                                      Nursing aides
                                      orderlies and
                                       attendants                                   Other health
                                           10%                                       professions
                                                                                        29%




                                         RNs
                                         16%




                                                                      Non-health
   Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.                                professions
                                                                         36%




6 -- New Mexico
   Percentage of private sector employment in health services, 1998




                                                                                               10.3 to 19.4




                                                                                                6.6 to 10.3




                                                                                                .0 to 6.6




                                                                                               US               9.0%
                                                                                           Region VI            9.3%
                                                                                         New Mexico             9.2%




Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.
Note: Because BLS data release policies prohibited complete public sector employment data from being released for a
    large number of counties in many states, only private sector (i.e., non-governmental employment) data are presented.




                                                                                                New Mexico -- 7
   Percentage of health services employment by place of work, 1998

                                                                                    Nursing &
                                                                                  personal care
                                                                                     facilities
                                 Hospitals                                            14.5%
                                  44.8%




       New Mexico

                                                                                   Offices & clinics
                                                                                        27.6%
                                       Other
                                       4.5%
                                                               Medical &
                                                               dental labs.
                                             Home health          2.5%
                                                6.0%




                                                                                   Nursing &
                                                                                 personal care
                                                                                    facilities
                                                                                     15.0%
                                 Hospitals
                                  42.9%




         Region VI

                                                                                      Offices & clinics
                                                                                           24.1%

                                    Other
                                    3.5%                                          Medical &
                                                                                 dental labs.
                                                                                    1.6%
                                                    Home health
                                                       12.8%




                                                                                     Nursing &
                                                                                   personal care
                                                                                      facilities
                                 Hospitals                                             16.6%
                                  44.6%




           US


                                                                                   Offices & clinics
                                                                                        26.6%
                                         Other
                                         4.4%
                                                                  Medical &
                                                 Home health
                                                                  dental labs.
                                                    6.0%
                                                                     1.8%
      Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.

8 -- New Mexico
HOSPITALS

 √         There were more than 28,500 workers employed in hospitals in New Mexico in 1998,
           44.8% of New Mexico’s health services workers. This is close to the national average
           of 44.6% for employment of health service workers by hospital.
 √         With 201 hospital beds per 100,000 population in 1998, New Mexico fell significantly
           below the national average of 311 beds.
 √         Community hospital beds per capita in New Mexico declined by 32% from 1980 to
           1997, more than the national decline of 29%.
 √         Registered nurses constituted the largest single profession working in hospital settings
           in 1998, comprising 26% of the hospital workforce nationally. Direct care workers
           (nurse aides, orderlies and attendants) represented 6% of the hospital workforce and
           licensed practical nurses 5% of the hospital workforce.
 √         The number of full-time equivalent hospital workers per capita decreased by 2% from
           1992-1998 in New Mexico, while the country as a whole experienced no change.


                                      Hospital employment, 1998
                                                            New Mexico         Region VI               US           NM rank

 Hospital employment                                              28,555        551,668          4,975,273            37/50

 Hospital employment per 100,000 population                         1,647          1,741            1,841             37/50

 Pct. of health serv ices employment in hospitals                   44.8%           42.9%            44.6%            27/50

  Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.



                              Hospital employment per bed, 1998

                                    New Mexico                    Region VI                 US
                   9.0
                                            8.2
                   8.0

                   7.0
                                                                                      5.9
                   6.0                                           5.6

                   5.0

                   4.0

                   3.0

                   2.0

                   1.0

                   0.0

                         Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; American Hospital Association; Bureau of the Census.



                                                                                                    New Mexico -- 9
                  Percentage change in community hospitals beds per
                           100,000 population, 1980 - 1997




                                                                                                  - 18% to + 14%
                                                                                                  - 28% to - 18%
                                                                                                  - 36% to - 28%
                                                                                                  - 50% to - 36%



                                                                                             US              -29%
                                                                                          Region VI          -32%
  Source: National Center for Health Statistics; Health Care Financing Administration;   New Mexico          -32%
  Bureau of the Census.



                          Hospital beds per 100,000 population, 1998




                                                                                                      389 to 681
                                                                                                      320 to 389
                                                                                                      247 to 320
                                                                                                      189 to 247




                                                                                             US              311
                                                                                          Region VI          312
                                                                                         New Mexico          201
  Source: American Hospital Association; Bureau of the Census.

10 -- New Mexico
Composition of hospital employment by occupation, US, 1998

                               Nursing aides
                               orderlies and
                                attendants      LPNs
                                    6%           5%
                                                            Lab. techs.
                                                               3%



                       RNs                                                Other health
                       26%                                                 professions
                                                                              24%




                                         Non-health
                                         professions
                                            36%


              Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.




Percentage change in FTE hospital employment, population &
 FTE hospital employment per 100,000 population, 1992-1998


       14%                                                                     New Mexico
                       13%
       12%
                                                                               Region VI
                                                                               US
                                               10%
       10%                                             9%
        8%       7%
                               6%                              6%
        6%


        4%
                                                                                     4%

        2%
                                                                                             0%
        0%


        -2%
                                                                             -2%
        -4%
                        FTEs                     Population               FTEs per 100,000 population



       Source: American Hospital Association; Bureau of the Census.



                                                                                          New Mexico -- 11
  NURSING & PERSONAL CARE FACILITIES

     √       There were more than 9,200 workers employed in nursing and personal care facilities
             in New Mexico in 1998, 14.5% of New Mexico‘s health services workers, which is
             lower than the national average of 16.6%.
     √       New Mexico had 37.2 nursing home beds per 1,000 population over 65 in 1998,
             which is substantially below the national average of 52.7 beds.
     √       New Mexico employed 1.26 workers per nursing home and personal care facility bed
             in 1998, substantially higher than the national average of 1.02 worker per bed.
     √       Nationally, 38% of all workers in nursing and personal care facilities in 1998 were
             direct care workers. Licensed practical nurses (11%) and registered nurses (9%) were
             the 2nd and 3rd largest professions in this setting.
     √       Between 1988 and 1998, nursing and personal care facility employment per 1,000
             population over 65 in New Mexico increased by 31%, exceeding the national aver-
             age of 23%.




               Nursing & personal care facility employment, 1998

                                                      New Mexico        Region VI              US     NM rank

                   Nursing & personal care facility
                                                             9,264       193,546        1,855,206        39/50
                                       employment

                   Nursing & personal care facility
                                                                47             55               54       37/50
          employment per 1,000 population 65 +

           Pct. of health services employment in
                                                              14.5%         15.0%            16.6%       35/50
                 nursing & personal care facilities


         Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.
         Note: Most recent data available for nursing and personal care facility employment in Alaska were 1997.




12 -- New Mexico
     Nursing home beds per 1,000 population 65+ years of age, 1998




                                                                                                          69.9 to 87.9
                                                                                                          52.3 to 69.9
                                                                                                          41.8 to 52.3
                                                                                                          22.2 to 41.8




                                                                                                     US       52.7
                                                                                                 Region VI    66.4
                                                                                               New Mexico     37.2
Source: AAHSA; Bureau of the Census.




       Nursing & personal care facility employment per bed & beds
               per 100,000 population 65+ years of age, 1998

                  1.4
                              1.26                                       New Mexico
                  1.2
                                                                         Region VI
                                                      1.02
                  1.0                                                    US
                                          0.83
                  0.8
                                                                                   0.66
                  0.6                                                                         0.53
                                                                       0.37
                  0.4


                  0.2


                  0.0
                        Nursing & personal care facility employment   Beds per 100,000 population 65 +
                                         per bed




                   Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Health Care Financing Administration; Bureau of the Census.

                                                                                                   New Mexico -- 13
   Percentage change in nursing & personal care facility employment,
   population 65 +, & nursing & personal care facility employment per
                 100,000 population 65 +, 1988 to 1998

            80%
                     70%
            70%                                      New Mexico
                                                     Region VI
            60%
                                                     US
            50%
                                     40%
            40%             36%
                                                30%                             31%
            30%
                                                                                             23%
            20%                                            17%                        16%
                                                                  14%
            10%


             0%
                    Nursing & personal care        Population 65 +           Nursing & personal care
                     facility employment                                  facility employment per 1,000
                                                                                   population 65 +



            Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




    Composition of nursing & personal care facility employment by
                         occupation, US, 1998

                                                                 LPNs
                                                                 11%


                    Personal care,                                        RNs
                    home health &                                         9%
                     nursing aides
                          38%
                                                                            Social workers
                                                                                 1%
                                                                            Other health
                                                                             professions
                                                                                 8%




                                                            Non-health
                                                            professions
                                                               33%


                     Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.




14 -- New Mexico
HOME HEALTH CARE SERVICES


 √      There were more than 3,800 workers employed in home health care in New Mexico
        in 1998, 6% of New Mexico‘s health services sector workforce, matching the national
        average.
 √      New Mexico ranked 12th among the states in percent of health services employment
        in home health care.
 √      Home health care per capita employment in New Mexico increased significantly from
        1988 to 1998, rising 190%. This is higher than the national home health care em-
        ployment per capita growth rate of 171%.
 √      Half of the home health workforce in the United States in 1998 was comprised of
        personal care aides, home health aides and nurse aides.




              Home health care services employment, 1998

                                                   New Mexico       Region VI      US     Rank


     Home health care serv ices employment                 3,837     164,948    666,785   33/50


     Home health care serv ices employment
                                                             221        521        247    20/50
                       per 100,000 population

       Pct. of health serv ices employment in
                                                             6.0%      12.8%       6.0%   12/50
                             home health care



     Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




                                                                                  New Mexico -- 15
          Composition of home health care services employment by
                           occupation, US, 1998


                                                                            RNs
                                                                            19%


                           Personal care,
                           home health &
                            nursing aides
                                                                                       LPNs
                                 50%
                                                                                        6%


                                                                                       Physical therapists
                                                                                              2%

                                                                                Other health
                                                                                 professions
                                                                                     7%

                                                                  Non-health
                                                                  professions
                                                                     16%

                                Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.




     Percentage change in home health care services employment,
    population, & home health care services employment per 100,000
                       population, 1988 to 1998
                    300%


                                     251%
                    250%      237%                           New Mexico

                                                             Region VI                         209%
                                            200%
                    200%                                                             190%
                                                             US                                       171%

                    150%



                    100%



                     50%
                                                          16% 13% 11%
                      0%
                                Home health care               Population             Home health care
                                  employment                                        employment per 100,000
                                                                                          population


  Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.
  Note: For several states 1988 home health care employment data were not available. In each instance, the earliest available
      year's data were used: Alabama, 1990; Hawaii, 1994; Idaho, 1989; Nebraska, 1991; New Jersey, 1989; Oklahoma, 1989;
      South Carolina, 1989; South Dakota, 1992; Virginia, 1989; and Washington, 1989.



16 -- New Mexico
OFFICES & CLINICS

 √   There were more than 17,600 workers employed in physician offices and clinics in New
     Mexico in 1998, 27.6% of New Mexico’s health services sector workforce, higher than
     the national average of 26.6%.
 √   New Mexico ranked 37th among states in per capita employment in physician offices and
     clinics in 1998.




                      Employment in offices & clinics, 1998

                                                    New Mexico    Region VI        US     Rank


             Employment in offices & clinics            17,607     310,488    2,964,043   37/50


         Employment in offices & clinics per
                                                         1,016         980       1,097    37/50
                          100,000 population


      Pct. of health serv ices employment in
                                                          27.6%      24.1%        26.6%   17/50
                               offices & clinics


      Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




             Employment in offices & clinics by type, 1998

                                                    New Mexico    Region VI        US

              Offices & clinics of physicians           11,072      194,498   1,814,832

              Offices & clinics of dentists              3,523       59,598     646,182

              Offices & clinics - other                  3,012       56,392     503,029

              Total                                     17,607      310,488   2,964,043


              Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.




                                                                                 New Mexico -- 17
    Composition of employment in offices & clinics of physicians by
                       occupation, US, 1998
                                                                 Lab. techs.
                                                          LPNs      3%
                                                           5%                       Other health
                                                RNs                                  professions
                                                9%                                      22%




                                   Physicians
                                     15%




                                                                                Non-health
                                                                                professions
                                                                                   46%




      Composition of employment in offices & clinics of dentists by
                        occupation, US, 1998

                                   Dental assistants                                   Dental hygienists
                                        33%                                                 22%




                                                                                              Dentists
                                                                                               12%




                                                                                       Other health
                                                                                        professions
                                                           Non-health
                                                                                            2%
                                                           professions
                                                              31%




          Composition of employment in other offices & clinics by
                          occupation, US, 1998
                                                                 Occupational
                                                                  therapists
                                                       Opticians     4%
                                                         6%

                                    Physical therapy
                                    assistants & aides
                                            8%                                                  Other health
                                                                                                 professions
                                                                                                    38%
                               Physical therapists
                                      9%




                                                         Non-health
                                                         professions
                                                            35%

        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.


18 -- New Mexico
MEDICAL & DENTAL LABORATORIES

  √        There were more than 1,500 workers employed in medical and dental laboratories
           in New Mexico in 1998, 2.5 % of New Mexico‘s health services sector workforce,
           exceeding the national average of 1.8%.




               Medical & dental laboratory employment, 1998

                                                         New Mexico       Region VI            US       Rank

       Medical & dental laboratory employment                     1,592      20,285         198,916    32/50

       Medical & dental laboratory employment
                                                                    92            64            74      8/50
                            per 100,000 population

           Pct. of health serv ices employment in
                                                                   2.5%         1.6%           1.8%     7/50
                   medical & dental laboratories


       Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.
       Note: Most recent data available for medical and dental laboratory employment in Louisiana were 1995.




      Composition of medical & dental laboratory employment by
                        occupation, US, 1998
                                                     Physicians     RNs
                                                        3%          1%
                                                                          Other health
                                               Rad. techs.                 professions
                                                  5%                          13%




                                 Lab. techs.
                                    24%




                                                                              Non-health
                                                                              professions
               Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
                                                                                 54%




                                                                                             New Mexico -- 19
  HEALTH PROFESSIONS


      Projected percentage change in employment per 100,000
     population in the five most numerous health care occupations
                           in the U.S., 1996-2006


                             -10%        0%          10%       20%    30%   40%    50%      60%


                                                    6.1%
           Registered Nurses                                12.8%
                                                           11.2%

                                    0.0%                                    New Mexico
      Nursing aides, orderlies
           & attendants
                                                            14.1%
                                                            13.5%           Region VI

                                                 2.0%                       US
                         LPNs                       6.0%
                                                       9.0%

                                                    6.3%
                   Physicians                      4.8%
                                                       9.5%

                                                              16.5%
         Home health aides                                                         47.2%
                                                                                    48.1%



           Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.




20 -- New Mexico
                                 Health professions summary, 1998

                                                             Number              Per 100,000 pop.
                                                                               New
                                                       New Mexico          Mexico      Region VI             US        Rank
Physicians                                                      2,951         170.2         164.6         197.5       33/50

Nursing            RNs, 1996                                  11,362          660.0         645.1         797.7       44/50
                   Nurse Practitioners                            574          33.1          18.9          26.3       15/50
                   LPNs                                         2,820         162.7         323.5         249.3       44/50

Dentistry          Dentists                                       556          32.1          37.3          48.4       49/50
                   Dental hygienists                            1,020          58.8          38.0          52.1       15/50
                   Dental assistants                            1,390          80.2          77.2          85.6       31/50

Physician assistants, 1999                                        271          15.6            8.7         10.4       15/50

Other non-physician clinicians
                   Chiropractors                                  359          20.9          16.3          21.7       22/50
                   Podiatrists                                     39            2.3           2.2           4.5      40/50
                   Optometrists                                    80            4.6           5.4           8.7      47/50
                   Opticians                                      520          30.0          21.6          23.6       11/50

Pharmacy           Pharmacists                                  1,000          57.7          58.0          65.9       42/50
                   Pharmacy aides & technicians                 1,120          64.6          64.5          64.7       24/50

Mental health      Psychologists                                  550          31.7          20.4          31.2       21/50
                   Social workers                               3,830         220.9         174.6         216.0       25/50

Allied health
Therapists         Physical therapists                            710          41.0          38.5          41.3       27/50
                   Physicial therapy assistants                   410          23.7          26.7          28.3       40/50
                   Occupational therapists                        790          45.6          23.9          24.0        1/50
                   Occupational therapy assistants                 90            5.2           5.8           7.5      38/47
                   Speech-language pathologists
                                                                1,110          64.0          34.0          32.7        3/50
                   & audiologists
                   Respiratory therapists                         510          29.4          32.0          31.4       29/50

Technicians & technologists
                   Emergency Medical Technicians                  900          51.9          45.3          53.8       27/50
                   Radiologic                                     700          40.4          48.4          58.3       48/50
                   Clinical laboratory                          1,490          86.0         104.6         105.4       40/50
                   Medical records                                550          31.7          29.9          33.1       30/50

Dieticians & nutritionists                                        230          13.3          13.2          16.6       41/50

Auxiliary health Home health aides                              2,000         115.4         194.1         159.3       35/50
                   Nurse aides, orderlies &
                                                                6,540         377.3         483.4         465.5       43/50
                   attendants

Source: Division for Nursing; Bureau of Labor Statistics; American Medical Association; American Dental Association; American
Academy of Physician Assistants;National Council of State Boards of Nursing; Bureau of the Census.
Note: Data are from 1998 except: RNs, 1996.

                                                                                                 New Mexico -- 21
     Health professions comparison - projected change, 1996-2006, &
                        median hourly wage, 1998
                                                              Projected pct. change in   Median hourly wage,
                                                               employment, 1996-2006              1998


                                                             New Mexico            U.S   New Mexico           U.S.

  Physicians                                                       26.3%        19.0%        -            -

  Nursing              RNs                                         26.1%        20.9%        $18.41      $19.56
                       LPNs                                        21.1%        18.5%        $12.72      $12.95

  Dentistry            Dentists                                    14.3%         8.1%        $37.54      $52.96
                       Dental hygienists                           38.5%        48.2%        $24.10      $22.06
                       Dental assistants                           36.0%        38.1%        $10.36      $10.88

  Physician assistants                                             10.0%        46.7%        $22.47      $22.64

  Other non-physician clinicians
                       Chiropractors                                0.0%        27.1%              -     $30.74
                       Podiatrists                                  0.0%        10.1%        $37.30      $38.23
                       Optometrists                                 0.0%        11.8%        $49.66      $32.92
                       Opticians                                   30.0%        14.1%            $8.70   $10.79

  Pharmacy             Pharmacists                                 38.1%        12.6%        $31.60      $31.84
                       Pharmacy technicians & aides                41.2%        11.0%            $7.74    $8.65

  Mental health        Psychologists                               22.2%         7.9%        $18.61      $23.10
                       Social workers                              27.2%        32.1%        $14.49      $14.74

  Allied health
  Therapists           Physical therapists                         54.5%        70.8%        $24.49      $27.21
                       Physical & correctiv e therapy
                       assistants                                  60.0%        78.5%            $9.26   $10.51
                       Occupational therapists                     66.7%        66.1%        $18.38      $23.19
                       Occupational therapy assistants              0.0%        68.7%        $10.40      $13.80
                       Speech-language pathologists &
                       audiologists                                43.8%        50.6%        $19.55      $20.71
                       Respiratory therapists                      50.0%        45.8%        $16.24      $16.75

  Technicians & technologists
                       Emergency Medical Technicians               30.0%        45.1%        $10.34       $9.75
                       Radiologic                                  50.0%        28.9%        $15.77      $15.81
                       Medical & clinical laboratory               18.2%        14.9%        $14.07      $15.24
                       Medical records                             50.0%        50.9%            $9.55    $9.90

  Dieticians & nutritionists                                       28.6%        18.2%        $14.90      $16.85

  Auxiliary health     Home health aides                           38.5%        61.0%            $7.41    $7.81
                       Nurse aides, orderlies & attendants         18.8%        23.3%            $7.15    $7.99

  Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.

22 -- New Mexico
PHYSICIANS
    √         There were nearly 3,000 active patient care physicians in New Mexico in 1998.
              With 170 physicians per 100,000 population, New Mexico fell below the national
              ratio of 198 physicians per 100,000. New Mexico ranked 33rd among states in
              physicians per capita.
    √         New Mexico had 57 active primary care physicians per 100,000 population in 1998,
              compared to 59 per 100,000 for the entire country.
    √         The number of physicians in New Mexico grew 31% between 1989 and 1998, while
              the population grew 15% over this period, leading to a net per capita growth of 14%,
              compared to the national per capita increase of 16%.
    √         Sixty-nine percent of the active allopathic patient care physicians in New Mexico in
              1998 graduated from medical schools in states other than New Mexico; 19% gradu-
              ated from New Mexico medical schools; and 12% graduated from foreign medical
              schools. This compares with the national average of 44% from out-of-state medical
              schools; 32% from home state medical schools; and 24% from foreign medical
              schools.
    √         Nine percent of active patient care physicians in New Mexico were Hispanic/Latino
              and 1% were black/African American in 1998, lower than the percentages in the
              general population, 40% and 2% respectively.


                                                Physicians, 1998
                                                       New Mexico           Region VI               US          NM rank

Physicians                                                     2,951           52,152          533,866             36/50
                         Per 100,000 population                  170              165               198            33/50
                           Percent primary care                  33%              30%              30%             13/50

                                  Percent female                 27%              21%              23%              4/50
                                    Av erage age                  47                46               46            13/50
                              Percent 55 & older                 32%              29%              31%             15/50
                              Percent 65 & older                 17%              15%              17%             19/50

MDs
   Percent instate medical school graduates                      19%              47%              32%             36/45
                                    Percent IMGs                 12%              19%              24%             33/50




Source: American Medical Association; American Osteopathic Association; Bureau of the Census.
Notes: Unless otherwise indicated, ‘Physicians’ designates active, patient care, non-federal allopathic (MDs) and osteopathic
    (DOs) physicians.
    Gender & age data are for non-federal MDs, including inactive and ‘Not classified’, and non-federal active DOs.
    Unless otherwise indicated, ‘primary care’ designates general practice, family practice, general internal medicine and
        general pediatrics.
    Average age figures are estimates based on national averages for ranged values.
    Medical school location data only available for allopathic physicians.

                                                                                                New Mexico -- 23
          Physicians per 100,000 population -- total, primary
                       care, & specialists, 1998

                                 All physicians
                                 Primary care physicians
            250
                                 Specialist physicians

                                                                        198
            200
                   170                       165
            150                                                                         139
                                      113                      116
            100

                            57                                                   59
                                                      49
             50



              0
                       New Mexico                  Region VI                     US




             Source: AMA; AOA.; Bureau of theCensus.




           Percentage change in physicians, population
           & physicians per 100,000 population, 1989-1998


           35%
                   31% 31%
                                                     New Mexico
           30%
                                  27%
                                                     Region VI
           25%                                       US

           20%

                                             15%                               16% 16%
           15%                                                          14%
                                                     13%

                                                               9%
           10%



            5%



            0%
                         Physicians              Population          Physicians per 100,000 pop.




           Source: AMA; AOA.; Bureau of theCensus.



24 -- New Mexico
                       Physicians per 100,000 population, 1998




                                                                                                 201.1 to 447.0
                                                                                                 186.3 to 201.1
                                                                                                 164.8 to 186.3
                                                                                                 137.0 to 164.8


                                                                                                 US     197.5
                                                                                            Region VI   164.6
                                                                                           New Mexico   170.2


Source: American Medical Association; American Osteopathic Association; Bureau of the Census.




    Percent of MD physicians by major professional activity, 1998


                                                                                   Other
                                                                                professional
                                                                                  activity
                                                                                    8%




                                                                                    Hospital-based
                                                                                          7%



                        Office-based
                             85%




                   Source: American Medical Association.
                   Note: These data available for allopathic physicians only.


                                                                                               New Mexico -- 25
                          Physicians per 100,000 population, 1998



                                                                                                  121 to 281


                                                                                                  67 to 121


                                                                                                   0 to 67




               Primary care physicians per 100,000 population, 1998




                                                                                                  55 to 104


                                                                                                  42 to 55


                                                                                                   0 to 42




  Source: American Medical Association; American Osteopathic Association; Bureau of the Census.


26 -- New Mexico
                   Age distribution of physicians, 1998

 30%
                                    28% 28% 28%
                                                                                     New Mexico
                                                       27%
                                                                                     Region VI
 25%                                                         24%
                                                                     24%             US


 20%              19%
                        18%
                                                                                                  17%         17%
                                                                              15%                       15%
 15%
            13%                                                                     14% 14%



 10%




  5%




  0%
               Under 35                35-44                 45-54                  55-64               65+




            Source: American Medical Association.




Race/ethnicity of physicians & the population, 1998

   90%
                83%                            Physicians
   80%

   70%                                         Population

   60%
                          49%
   50%
                                                                     40%
   40%

   30%

   20%
                                                          9%                                                  8%
   10%                                                                          6%
                                       1%       2%                                          1%      1%
       0%
              Non-Hispanic whit e      Black/African    Hispanic/Lat ino(a)     Asian & Pacific       American
                                         American                                  Islander        Indian/Alaskan
                                                                                                       Nat ive


               Source: American Medical Association; Bureau of the Census.




                                                                                                         New Mexico -- 27
  Location of medical school attended by MDs currently practicing in
                             state, 1998
                                                                         IMG
                                                                         In state
             80%                                                         Other state
                                    69%
             70%


             60%


             50%                                         47%
                                                                                       44%
             40%                                                   34%         32%
             30%
                                                                         24%
                             19%                 19%
             20%
                      12%
             10%


              0%
                          New Mexico                   Region VI                US




            Source: American Medical Association.
            Note: These data available for allopathic physicians only.




28 -- New Mexico
MEDICAL EDUCATION


 √   Medical schools in New Mexico graduated 69 new physicians in 1997. New Mexico
     ranked 40th among the 46 states with medical schools in number of medical school
     graduates. On a per capita basis, New Mexico graduated fewer new physicians per
     100,000 population (4.0) than did the entire United States (6.6) and ranked 37th among
     the 46 states with medical schools in medical school graduates per capita.
 √   The percentage of medical school graduates in New Mexico in 1996-97 who were
     Hispanic/Latino (25.4%) was less than the percentage in the general population. There
     were no black/African American medical school graduates in New Mexico in 1996-7.
 √   While only 27% of the practicing physicians in New Mexico in 1998 were female,
     56.7% of the graduates from New Mexico medical schools in 1997 were female.
 √   New Mexico had 443 allopathic physicians in training (residents) in 1999 and ranked
     38th among states in the number of allopathic residents. On a per capita basis, New
     Mexico ranked 28th among states, with 24.9 residents per 100,000 compared with the
     national average of 35.9. Between 1989 and 1999, the number of residents per capita in
     New Mexico grew by 19.2%, more than four times the national increase of 3.9%.




            Medical school enrollment & graduates, 1997

                                        Enrollment                      Graduates
                                                per 100,000                         per 100,000
                                    Number                            Number
                                                 population                         population

       Allopathic

       New Mexico                       305             17.6                   69           4.0
       Region VI                      7,872             25.0            1,867               6.0
       US                            65,786             24.5           15,671               5.9

       Osteopathic

       New Mexico                        -               -                 -                -
       Region VI                        804              2.6              177               0.6
       US                             9,434              3.5            2,009               0.8

       Total (allopathic + osteopathic)

       New Mexico                       305             17.6                   69           4.0
       Region VI                      8,676             27.6            2,044               6.5
       US                            75,220             28.0           17,680               6.6


       NM rank                        41/46           37/46              40/46           37/46


     Source: American Medical Association; American Osteopathic Association; Bureau of the Census.

                                                                                      New Mexico -- 29
 Percentage change in medical school graduates, population & medi-
    cal school graduates per 100,000 population, 1987-88 to 1997-98


                     20%
                                                                  17%                                       New Mexico
                     15%                                                                                    Region VI
                                                                             11%        10%                 US
                     10%


                      5%                               3%
                                            0%
                      0%


                      -5%      -3%

                                                                                                                         -7%
                     -10%
                                                                                                              -10%
                     -15%

                                                                                                    -17%
                     -20%
                              Medical school graduates                     Population              Medical school graduates
                                                                                                    per 100,000 population

  Source: Association of American Medical Colleges; American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine; Bureau of the
      Census.




          Allopathic medical school enrollment, 1987-88 to 1997-1998



                      350



                      300



                      250



                      200



                      150



                      100



                       50



                        0
                        1987-88   1988-89    1989-90   1990-91   1991-92    1992-93   1993-94   1994-95   1995-96   1996-97   1997-98




                            Source: Association of American Medical Colleges.



30 -- New Mexico
Race/ethnicity & gender of medical school degree recipients
                 & the population, 1996-97


                                                  Pct. of medical school
                                                       degree recipients         Pct. of population
     Race/ethnicity
                        Non-Hispanic white                            67.2%                     48.9%

                   Black/African American                              0.0%                      1.9%

                         Hispanic/Latino(a)                           25.4%                     38.7%
                    Asian & Pacific Islander                           4.5%                      1.4%
        American Indian/Alaskan Nativ e                                3.0%                      9.2%

                                         Total                      100.0%                     100.0%

     Gender
                                      Female                          56.7%                     50.6%
                                         Male                         43.3%                     49.4%

                                         Total                      100.0%                     100.0%



             Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




      Allopathic (MD) graduate medical education, 1999

                                               New Mexico        Region VI               US    NM rank

 Residency programs                                       44           770             7,946     37/50

 Residents                                               433         9,515        97,989         38/50

 Residents per 100,000 population                       24.9           29.7             35.9     28/49
      Percent change, 1988/89 - 1998/99                19.2%          8.9%             3.9%      14/48

 Percentage of residents IMG, 1998                     10.4%         19.0%         26.1%         39/48




 Source: American Medical Association; Bureau of the Census.




                                                                                           New Mexico -- 31
  NURSING

   √   There were 13,185 licensed registered nurses (RNs) in New Mexico in 1996; 11,362
       were employed in nursing.
   √   There were 660 RNs per 100,000 population in New Mexico in 1996, less than the
       national average of 798.
   √   The RN workforce in the Mountain Census Division aged significantly. The percentage
       of RNs 40 years and older increased from 50% in 1988 to 67% in 1996.
   √   In 1996, the majority of RNs employed in nursing in the Mountain Census Division
       were Non-Hispanic white (92.4%). Less than 3% were Hispanic/Latino compared to
       their percentage in the general population (15.7%).
   √   The number of RNs in New Mexico increased 52% between 1988 and 1996 while the
       State’s population only grew 16%. The result was a 31% growth in RNs per capita,
       compared to a 20% growth nationwide.
   √   The majority (60%) of RNs in the Mountain Census Division who were employed
       worked in hospitals in 1996. As a result, metropolitan areas with a concentration of
       hospital beds were likely to have a relatively high ratio of RNs per capita.
   √   In New Mexico, the number of full-time equivalent RNs working in hospitals increased
       26% between 1992 and 1998 while the number of inpatient days declined 16%. The
       result was a 50% increase in the ratio of full-time equivalent RNs to inpatient days, well
       above the 26% increase in the ratio nationwide.
   √   In 1996, 45% of RNs employed in nursing in New Mexico had an Associate degree;
       31% had a Baccalaureate degree; 16% had a Nursing diploma; and 8% had a Masters/
       Doctoral degree.
   √   Between 1991-92 and 1996-97, the number of Associate and Baccalaureate degrees
       awarded in nursing remained relatively stable in New Mexico. In 1996, the number of
       Associate degrees awarded in nursing was greater than the number of Baccalaureate
       degrees awarded.
   √   In 1996-97, 63.9% of the RN degree recipients in New Mexico were non-Hispanic
       white. Approximately 24% of the RN degree recipients were Hispanic/Latino, less than
       the percentage in the general population (38.7%).




32 -- New Mexico
REGISTERED NURSES

           Registered Nurses - Total & RNs employed in nursing, 1996

                                                      New Mexico            Region VI              US              Rank
Registered nurses - total                                   13,185           228,384       2,558,874               38/50


Registered nurses employed in nursing (RNs)                 11,362           199,346       2,115,815               39/50

                        Per 100,000 population              660.0               645.1           797.7              44/50

                   Percent employed full time                 73%                85%             71%               22/50
                                Percent female                 -                  -              95%                 -
                               Percent minority                -                  -              10%                 -

Source: Division for Nursing; Bureau of the Census.
Note: Unless otherwise indicated, ‘Registered Nurses’ and ‘RNs’ designate Registered Nurses employed in nursing.




                                 RNs per 100,000 population, 1996




                                                                                                        945 to 1703
                                                                                                        801 to 945
                                                                                                        723 to 801
                                                                                                        568 to 723




                                                                       US               797.7
                                                                    Region VI           645.1
                                                                   New Mexico           660.0


Source: Division for Nursing; Bureau of the Census.

                                                                                                New Mexico -- 33
              Age distribution of RNs employed in nursing,
                 Mountain Census Division, 1988-1996

            50%                   1988                          1992                         1996
            45%


            40%                                                          38%
                                      36%
            35%                             34%
                                                                 31%
            30%

                                                           25%
            25%


            20%                                                                             18%
                                                    15%                          15% 16%
            15%   14%
                                                                                                            11%
                                                                                                    10% 11%
            10%         9%
                             7%
            5%


            0%
                     Under 30               30-39                40-49              50-59                60 +


           Source: Division for Nursing.




   Percent change in RNs, population & RNs per 100,000 population,
                             1988-1996
            60%

                     52%
                                50%
            50%
                                                          New Mexico

                                                          Region VI
            40%
                                                                                                   36%
                                                          US                            31%
                                      30%
            30%


                                                                                                          20%
            20%
                                                          16%
                                                                 11%
            10%
                                                                            8%


             0%
                                RNs                            Population                   RNs per 100,000 pop.



             Source: Division for Nursing; Bureau of the Census.



34 -- New Mexico
Race /ethnicity of RNs employed in nursing & the population,
               Mountain Census Division, 1996
      100%
              92.4%

      80%            76.1%                                           RNs

                                                                     Population
      60%




      40%




      20%                                                  15.7%

                                   1.1% 2.8%        2.5%                 1.7% 2.1%           1.4% 3.6%
       0%
             Non-Hispanic whit e   Black/African   Hispanic/Lat ino(a)   Asian & Pacific        American
                                     American                               Islander         Indian/Alaskan
                                                                                                 Nat ive



       Source: Division for Nursing; Bureau of the Census.




   RNs by place of work, Mountain Census Division, 1996

                               Other
                                22%




             Ambulatory
               10%


                                                                                           Hospitals
                 Nursing                                                                     60%
                education
                   2%    Nursing
                             homes &
                             extended
                               care
                                6%


               Source: Division for Nursing.




                                                                                                     New Mexico -- 35
         Percent change in FTE hospital RN employment, hospital
       inpatient days & FTE hospital RN employment per inpatient
                             day, 1992-1998
           60%

                                                                                  50%
                                                        New Mexico
           40%
                                                        Region VI
                                                                                          31%
                      26%                               US                                        26%
                               22%
           20%

                                       9%


            0%


                                                               -7%
                                                                     -13%
           -20%                                      -16%
                         FTE hospital RNs            Hospital inpatient days   FTE hospital RNs per 100,000
                                                                                       inpat. Days


                Source: American Hospital Association.




  Highest nursing-related educational attainment of RNs employed in
                             nursing, 1996

          50%                                                                        New Mexico
                                            45%
                                                                                     Region VI
                                                  42%
                                                                                     US
          40%
                                                        35%
                                                                       32% 32%
                                                                 31%
          30%

                               24%

          20%            17%
                   16%

                                                                                                   10%
          10%                                                                          8% 8%



          0%
                       Diploma              Associate Degree      Baccalaureate       Masters/Doctoral



                Source: Division for Nursing.




36 -- New Mexico
RN EDUCATION
RN education program degrees received by award level, 1991-92 to
                          1996-97

          700
                     Associate Degree                Baccalaureate                Masters/Doctoral


          600



          500



          400



          300



          200



          100



            0
           1991/2           1992/3          1993/4            1994/5             1995/6              1996/7



         Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




Percentage change in RN program degrees awarded, population &
  RN program degrees awarded per 100,000 population, 1991-2 to
                            1996-7

          20%
                    18%
                                                                  New Mexico

          15%                                                     Region VI
                                     12%                          US
                                               10%
          10%
                                                        8%
                           6%                                                  7%            6%
                                                                  5%
           5%




           0%

                                                                                      -1%

           -5%
                     Degrees awarded                 Population               Degrees awarded per
                                                                               100,000 population


         Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.

                                                                                            New Mexico -- 37
      Race/ethnicity & gender of RN education program degree
                recipients & the population, 1996-97

                                                            RN education
                                                         program degree
                                                                recipients        Population
         Race/ethnicity
                               Non-Hispanic white                    63.9%            48.9%

                         Black/African American                        1.6%            1.9%

                                Hispanic/Latino(a)                   23.7%            38.7%

                          Asian & Pacific Islander                     2.3%            1.4%

               American Indian/Alaskan Nativ e                         8.4%            9.2%

                                                Total               100.0%           100.0%


         Gender
                                             Female                  85.8%            50.6%
                                               Male                  14.2%            49.4%

                                                Total               100.0%           100.0%


        Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




38 -- New Mexico
  ADVANCED PRACTICE NURSES


    √        New Mexico had more than 570 nurse practitioners in 1998. This was equal to 33.1
             nurse practitioners per 100,000 population, higher than the national average of 26.3.
    √        With 89 certified nurse midwives in 2000, New Mexico had 4.8 certified nurse mid-
             wives per 100,000 population, well above the national average of 2.1. New Mexico had
             one of the highest ratios of certified nurse midwives per capita in the nation.
    √        With 120 certified registered nurse anesthetists in 1997, New Mexico had 7.0 nurse
             anesthetists per 100,000 population, compared to the national average of 8.6.
    √        Between 1992 and 1997, the number of institutions offering post-baccalaureate nurse
             practitioner degrees in the United States rose substantially from 100 to more than 250.
    √        The number of certified nurse midwifery training programs in the country doubled
             from 25 to 50 between 1992 and 1997.
    √        Sixty-eight percent of 1997 recipients of post-baccalaureate nursing degrees in New
             Mexico were non-Hispanic white and 26% were Hispanic. The vast majority of recipi-
             ents were female.




              Advanced practice nurses by selected specialization

                                                      Nurses                  Nurses per 100,000 population


                                               New Mexico         New Mexico        Region VI          US        Rank

   Nurse Practitioners (NPs), 1998                       574               33.1            18.9       26.3      15/50
   Certified Nurse-Midwiv es (CNMs), 2000                 89                4.8             1.2        2.1       4/50
   Certified Registered Nurse-Anesthetists
                                (CRNAs), 1997            120                7.0             8.8        8.6      36/50



Source: American College of Nurse-Midwives; American Association of Nurse Anesthetists; National Council of State Boards of
    Nursing; Bureau of the Census.
Note: Unless otherwise indicated, counts of advanced practice nurses represent numbers of active licenses.




                                                                                               New Mexico -- 39
                     Nurse Practitioners per 100,000 population, 1998




                                                                                                         39.0 to 94.5
                                                                                                         26.4 to 39.0
                                                                                                         18.1 to 26.4
                                                                                                         7.4 to 18.1




                                                                                         US                    26.3
                                                                                      Region VI                18.9
                                                                                     New Mexico                33.1
  Source: National Council of State Boards of Nursing; Bureau of the Census.




  Post-RN graduate degrees awarded by nursing education programs,
                          1991-2 to 1996-7
                        20

                        18

                        16

                        14

                        12

                        10

                         8

                         6

                         4

                         2

                         0
                         1991-2          1992-3         1993-4          1994-5        1995-6          1996-7


  Source: National Center for Education Statistics.
  Note: Includes all post-baccalaureate nursing degrees classified as post-RN by the US Department of Education, National
      Center for Education Statistics.

40 -- New Mexico
Race/ethnicity & gender of post-RN degree recipients
              & the population, 1996-7


                                           Post-RN education
                                              program degree
                                                     recipients                Population


 Race/ethnicity
                  Non-Hispanic white                        68%                      49%
            Black/African American                            0%                      2%
                  Hispanic/Latino(a)                        26%                      39%
            Asian & Pacific Islander                          5%                      1%
   American Indian/Alaskan Nativ e                            0%                      9%
                                  Total                    100%                     100%


 Gender
                               Female                       95%                      51%
                                  Male                        5%                     49%
                                  Total                    100%                     100%




     Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




                                                                                New Mexico -- 41
  LICENSED PRACTICAL/VOCATIONAL NURSES (LPNS)

    √        New Mexico ranked 7th lowest among the states in the per capita employment of
             Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurses (LPNs), with 162.7 LPNs per 100,000 popula-
             tion as compared to the national rate of 249.3 per 100,000. New Mexico ranked 37th
             in the number of LPNs employed in 1998 with 2,820 workers.
    √        Over two thirds of all LPNs in the United States in 1999 worked in institutional
             settings (35.9% working in hospitals and 34.8% working in nursing and personal care
             facilities).
    √        The vast majority of LPNs in the United States were non-Hispanic white (73% in
             1999) and female (94.9% in 1998). Nationally, Black/African Americans were over
             represented in the profession (18%) compared to their presence in the population as a
             whole (12%). By contrast, Hispanic/Latino were underrepresented (5%) compared to
             their presence in the population (11% in 1999).
    √        Most recipients of LPN degrees in New Mexico in 1997 were non-Hispanic white
             (67%) and female (83%). Non-Hispanic whites were over represented among recipi-
             ents compared to their presence in the state population (49%). Hispanic/Latino were
             underrepresented, receiving 26% of all degrees while constituting 39% of the state’s
             population.
    √        In New Mexico, there were 25 LPNs for every 100 RNs employed in the state. This
             is lower than the national ratio of 32 LPNs employed for every 100 RNs.
                                      18




                                                        LPNs, 1998

                                            New Mexico          Region VI                US      NM rank

             LPNs                                    2,820        102,490         673,790            37/50
               Per 100,000 population                162.7           323.5           249.3           44/50
                              Per 100 RNs             24.8            51.4            31.8           32/50
                        Percent female                     -               -         94.9%                 -


  Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census; Division for Nursing.
  Note: Data for RNs drawn from the 1996 National Sample Survey.
  The abbreviation LPN, or Licensed Practical Nurse, is used herein to refer to both LPNs and LVNs, or Licensed Vocational Nurses.




42 -- New Mexico
LPNs per 100,000 population, 1998                                                      LPNs per 100 RNs, 1998

  350                                                                            60
                               323.5
                                                                                                               51.4
  300
                                                                                 50
                                                  249.3
  250
                                                                                 40

  200                                                                                                                    31.8
           162.7                                                                 30
                                                                                             24.8
  150

                                                                                 20
  100


                                                                                 10
  50


    0                                                                            0

        New Mexico           Region VI              US                                   New Mexico         Region VI    US




 Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census; Division for Nursing.
 Note: Data for RNs drawn from the 1996 National Sample Survey.




        Race/ethnicity of LPNs and the population, U.S., 1999
             80%
                        73% 72%
             70%


             60%
                                                                                 LPNs
             50%
                                                                                 Population
             40%


             30%

                                           18%
             20%
                                                  12%                11%
             10%                                             5%
                                                                                       3% 4%             1% 1%
               0%
                      Non-Hispanic white   Black/African   Hispanic/Lat ino(a)        Asian & Pacific      American
                                             American                                    Islander       Indian/Alaskan
                                                                                                            Nat ive


                     Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.




                                                                                                             New Mexico -- 43
                       LPNs by place of work, U.S., 1999

                                              Other
                       Other health           6.5%
                         services
                          11.9%

                                                                                Hospitals
                                                                                 35.9%

                    Offices &
                     clinics
                     10.9%




                     Nursing and
                    personal care
                      facilities
                        34.8%


                Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.




  Percentage change in FTE hospital LPN employment, inpatient days
      & FTE hospital LPN employment per inpatient day, 1992-1998
              0%

              -5%                                                                            -2%

             -10%                                        -7%                 -8%     -7%
             -15%                                                -13%
                             -14%
                                     -15%        -16%
             -20%

             -25%    -22%
             -30%

             -35%
                                                                    New Mexico
             -40%                                                   Region VI
             -45%                                                   US

             -50%
                        FTE hospital LPNs        Hospital inpatient days   FTE LPNs per 100,000 inpat.
                                                                                      days


             Source: American Hospital Association; Bureau of the Census.



44 -- New Mexico
  LPN education program degrees awarded, 1992-3 to 1996-7


        300



        250



        200



        150



        100



         50



         0
         1991-2            1992-3          1993-4          1994-5           1995-6        1996-7




        Source: National Center for Education Statistics.




Race/ethnicity & gender of LPN program degree recipients & the
                     population, 1996-97

                                                       LPN education
                                                    program degree
                                                            recipients               Population

       Race/ethnicity
                         Non-Hispanic white                         67.3%                48.9%
                    Black/African American                           1.6%                 1.9%
                          Hispanic/Latino(a)                        26.2%                38.7%
                     Asian & Pacific Islander                        2.0%                 1.4%
        American Indian/Alaskan Nativ e                              2.8%                 9.2%
                                          Total                 100.0%                  100.0%


       Gender
                                       Female                       82.9%                50.6%
                                          Male                      17.1%                49.4%
                                          Total                 100.0%                  100.0%


              Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.

                                                                                        New Mexico -- 45
  DENTISTRY



     √        There were 556 dentists, 1,020 dental hygienists, and 1,390 dental assistants practicing
              in New Mexico in 1998.
     √        There were 32.1 dentists per 100,000 population in New Mexico in 1998, well below
              the national average of 48.4/100,000. New Mexico ranked 49th in the nation in dentists
              per capita. The per capita ratio of dental hygienists was above the national average.
     √        In New Mexico 9% of the dentists in practice in 1998 were women. Nationally, 99% of
              dental hygienists were women and 96% of dental assistants were women.
     √        In 1996-97 in New Mexico, the majority of dental hygienist graduates (67%) were
              Non-Hispanic white, while 25% were Hispanic/Latino. The majority of dental assistant
              graduates (58%) were Hispanic/Latino and 36% were Non-Hispanic white.
     √        The number of dentists in New Mexico declined 7% between 1991 and 1998 while the
              state’s population grew 12%. The result was a 17% decline in dentists per capita com-
              pared to a 12% decline nationwide.
     √        Between 1985-86 and 1995-96, the annual number of dental school graduates in the US
              declined by 23% while the number of dental hygienist graduates grew by 20%.




  DENTISTS
                                                      Dentists, 1998


                                                  New Mexico         Region VI            US    NM rank

                        Dentists                            556         11,811      130,836        41/50

                          Per 100,000 population            32.1           37.3         48.4       49/50

                                   Percent female          8.6%          11.6%        12.6%        40/50



  Source: American Dental Association; Bureau of the Census.
  Note: Unless otherwise specified, figures presented for dentists include only active, non-federal dentists in private practice.




46 -- New Mexico
                              Dentists per 100,000 population, 1998




                                                                                                 53.0 to 95.0
                                                                                                 46.0 to 53.0
                                                                                                 39.0 to 46.0
                                                                                                 31.0 to 39.0


                                                                                                  US        48.4
                                                                                              Region VI     37.3
                                                                                             New Mexico     32.1

Source: American Dental Association; Bureau of the Census.




              Percentage change in Dentists, population & Dentists
                      per 100,000 population, 1991-1998

                   15%
                                                     12%
                                                               11%
                   10%
                                                                          7%

                    5%


                    0%


                   -5%             -4%
                                             -5%
                            -7%                          New Mexico
                  -10%
                                                         Region VI
                                                                                             -12%
                  -15%                                   US                           -13%

                  -20%
                                                                               -17%
                                  Dentists                   Population        Dentists per 100,000
                                                                                  population




                  Source: American Dental Association; Bureau of the Census.



                                                                                               New Mexico -- 47
         Race/ethnicity of dentists & the population, U.S., 1999

            100%
                     89%
             90%

             80%
                            72%
             70%

             60%
                                                                        Dentists

             50%                                                        Population
             40%

             30%

             20%
                                                12%                11%
             10%                                            4%                   5% 4%
                                           2%                                                          0% 1%
              0%
                   Non-Hispanic whit e    Black/African   Hispanic/Lat ino(a)   Asian & Pacific       American
                                            American                               Islander        Indian/Alaskan
                                                                                                       Nat ive



             Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




   Percentage change in LPN degrees awarded, population & LPN
         degrees per 100,000 population, 1992-3 to 1996-97


           250%



                   195%
           200%

                                                                                     168%
                                                   New Mexico
           150%
                                                   Region VI
                                                   US
           100%




            50%


                              9%         12%        10.1% 7.6%
                                                               5.1%                               2%    6%
            0%
                         LPN degrees                      Population                LPN degrees per 100K pop




           Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.



48 -- New Mexico
 LPN education program degrees awarded, 1992-3 to 1996-7
     300



     250



     200



     150



     100



      50



      0
      1991-2             1992-3          1993-4           1994-5         1995-6        1996-7



           Source: National Center for Education Statistics.




Race/ethnicity & gender of LPN program degree recipients & the
                     population, 1996-97

                                                               LPN education
                                                           program degree
                                                                   recipients          Population

             Race/ethnicity
                              Non-Hispanic white                       67.3%                    48.9%
                         Black/African American                         1.6%                     1.9%
                                  Hispanic/Latino(a)                   26.2%                    38.7%
                          Asian & Pacific Islander                      2.0%                     1.4%
               American Indian/Alaskan Nativ e                          2.8%                     9.2%
                                                  Total               100.0%                100.0%


             Gender
                                            Female                     82.9%                    50.6%
                                                  Male                 17.1%                    49.4%
                                                  Total               100.0%                100.0%



             Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




                                                                                        New Mexico -- 49
  DENTAL   HYGIENISTS

                                           Dental hygienists, 1998


                                             New Mexico                 Region VI                         US       NM rank


           Dental hygienists                               1,020              12,030                  140,750              1/50

                             Per dentist                     1.8                    1.0                   1.1              1/50

            Per 100,000 population                          58.8                   38.0                  52.1             15/50

                     Percent female                          -                      -                  99.1%                -



           Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; American Dental Association; Bureau of the Census.
           Note: 1997 is the most recent year for which data on dental hygienists in Illinois were available.




    Race/ethnicity of dental hygienists & the population, U.S., 1999

              100%     95%
               90%

               80%
                              72%
               70%
                                                                 Dental hygienists
               60%

               50%                                               Population
               40%

               30%

               20%
                                                 12%                  11%
               10%                                                                           4%
                                            3%                   1%                     0%                0% 1%
                0%
                     Non-Hispanic whit e   Black/African     Hispanic/Lat ino(a)    Asian & Pacific         American
                                             American                                  Islander          Indian/Alaskan
                                                                                                             Nat ive




                  Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




50 -- New Mexico
    Dental hygienist graduates, 1985-86 to 1995-96

  100

   90

   80

   70

   60

   50

   40

   30

   20

   10

    0
   1985-86           1987-88          1989-90          1991-92    1993-94          1995-96



        Source: American Dental Association.




 Percentage change in dental hygienist graduates,
population & dental hygienist graduates per 100,000
           population, 1985-86 to 1995-96


   60%

               50%
   50%
                                                New Mexico
                                                Region VI
   40%
                                                US
   30%                                                             28%
                               20%
   20%                                     17%

                       9%                            10% 10%                       9%
   10%


    0%
                                                                            -1%
   -10%
             Dental hygienist graduates           Population     Dental hygienist graduates
                                                                  per 100,000 population



    Source: American Dental Association; Bureau of the Census.




                                                                                    New Mexico -- 51
    Race/ethnicity & gender of dental hygienist degree recipients
                      & the population, 1996-97

                                                        Dental hygienist
                                                   education program
                                                     degree recipients                 Population

        Race/ethnicity

                          Non-Hispanic white                        67.3%                   48.9%

                     Black/African American                          0.0%                    1.9%

                           Hispanic/Latino(a)                       24.5%                   38.7%

                      Asian & Pacific Islander                       0.0%                    1.4%

          American Indian/Alaskan Nativ e                            8.2%                    9.2%

                                           Total                  100.0%                   100.0%


        Gender

                                        Female                      85.7%                   50.6%

                                           Male                     14.3%                   49.4%

                                           Total                  100.0%                   100.0%




                 Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




52 -- New Mexico
DENTAL ASSISTANTS

                                        Dental assistants, 1998


                                          New Mexico                 Region VI                          US       NM rank


       Dental assistants                            1,390                24,460               231,380                 3/50
                       Per dentist                        2.5                  2.1                      1.8           3/50
        Per 100,000 population                           80.2                77.2                      85.6          31/50
                  Percent female                          -                    -                 96.1%                  -



        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; American Dental Association; Bureau of the Census.




  Race/ethnicity of dental assistants & the population, U.S., 1999


            90%

                    79%
            80%
                           72%
            70%

            60%
                                                                  Dental assistants
            50%
                                                                  Population
            40%


            30%

            20%
                                               12%              10% 11%
            10%                          7%                                           4% 4%
                                                                                                               0% 1%
             0%
                  Non-Hispanic whit e    Black/African        Hispanic/Lat ino(a)    Asian & Pacific             American
                                           American                                     Islander              Indian/Alaskan
                                                                                                                  Nat ive



              Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




                                                                                                                  New Mexico -- 53
             Dental assistant graduates, 1985-86 to 1995-96

           35



           30



           25



           20



           15



           10



            5



            0
           1985-86            1987-88             1989-90         1991-92      1993-94          1995-96



                Source: American Dental Association.




     Percentage change in dental assistant graduates, population
    & dental assistant graduates per 100,000 population, 1985-86 to
                               1995-96

                                                                              New Mexico
            40%                                                               Region VI
                                                      17%                     US
            20%                                               10% 10%

                0%

                                        -4%
            -20%                                                                             -13%

            -40%
                              -36%
                                                                                     -42%
            -60%


            -80%
                       -76%                                                   -80%
           -100%
                     Dental assistant graduates             Population      Dental assistant graduates
                                                                             per 100,000 population



                Source: American Dental Association; Bureau of the Census.




54 -- New Mexico
Race/ethnicity & gender of dental assistant degree recipients & the
                      population, 1996-97

                                                    Dental assistant
                                                education program
                                                  degree recipients                Population

      Race/ethnicity

                       Non-Hispanic white                       35.7%                  48.9%

                 Black/African American                           2.0%                  1.9%

                        Hispanic/Latino(a)                      58.2%                  38.7%

                  Asian & Pacific Islander                        0.0%                  1.4%

        American Indian/Alaskan Nativ e                           4.1%                  9.2%

                                       Total                   100.0%                 100.0%



      Gender

                                     Female                     98.0%                  50.6%

                                       Male                       2.0%                 49.4%

                                       Total                   100.0%                 100.0%




         Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




                                                                                       New Mexico -- 55
  NON-PHYSICIAN CLINICIANS
  PHYSICIAN ASSISTANTS


   √    There were 271 physician assistants practicing in New Mexico in 1999. This is equal
        to 15.6 physician assistants per 100,000 population, significantly more than the
        national average of 10.4.
   √    There were 8.7 physician assistants per 100 physicians in 1998, nearly twice the
        national average of 4.9. New Mexico ranked 10th among states in the ratio of physi-
        cian assistants to physicians.
   √    In New Mexico, 15% of physician assistants were employed in an inpatient hospital
        setting in 1999, compared to 28% of physician assistants nationwide and 73% were
        employed in an ambulatory care setting, compared to 61% nationwide.
   √    Eighty-seven percent of physician assistants in New Mexico were Non-Hispanic
        white, compared to 47% in the general population and 8% were Hispanic/Latino,
        compared to 40% in the general population.
   √    Between 1992 and 1997 the annual number of physician assistant degrees awarded
        nationally more than doubled, from 1,360 to 2,800. In 1997, there were 76 physician
        assistant programs nationally but none were located in New Mexico.




                                  Physician Assistants, 1999

                                     New Mexico       Region VI               US    Rank


        Physician Assistants (PAs)           271          2,779          28,433     29/50

         Per 100 physicians, 1998              8.7            4.9             4.9   10/50

          Per 100,000 population              15.6            8.7            10.4   15/50

                  Percent female               -             -             52.8%


         Source: American Academy of Physician Assistants; Bureau of the Census.




56 -- New Mexico
Percentage of PA employment by major setting, 1999



   80%
                                     73%
                                            70%
   70%                                                                          New Mexico
                                                   61%
   60%                                                                          Region VI

   50%
                                                                                US

   40%

                          28%
   30%

                   20%
   20%      15%
                                                                                           11% 10% 10%
   10%

                                                               0% 1% 1%
    0%
           Hospital (in-patient)    Ambulatory/office &      Nursing home or LTC               Other
                                     clinic-based care              facility



 Source: American Academy of Physician Assistants.




   Race/ethnicity of PAs and the population, 1999


   100%

    90%        87%

    80%
                                                            PAs
    70%

    60%                                                     Population
    50%               47%
                                                             40%
    40%

    30%

    20%

                                                      8%                                               10%
    10%
                                                                                               4%
                                   0%      2%                             1%      2%
     0%
            Non-Hispanic whit e    Black/African   Hispanic/Lat ino(a)   Asian & Pacific         American
                                     American                               Islander          Indian/Alaskan
                                                                                                  Nat ive



         Source: American Academy of Physician Assistants; Bureau of the Census.




                                                                                                    New Mexico -- 57
  CHIROPRACTORS



                                                                   nd
   √   With 359 chiropractors, New Mexico ranked 22 among the states in number of chiro-
       practors per capita in 1996, with 20.9 chiropractors per 100,000 population as compared
       to the national ratio of 21.7.




                                       Chiropractors, 1996

                                       New Mexico         Region VI               US        Rank

            Chiropractors                       359            5,048         57,558         34/50


             Per 100,000 population             20.9               16.3         21.7        22/50


            Source: Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards; Bureau of the Census.




                   Chiropractors per 100,000 population, 1996

              25

                                                                                   21.7
                             20.9
              20

                                                        16.3

              15




              10




               5




               0
                          New Mexico                   Region VI                      US



               Source: Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards; Bureau of the Census.




58 -- New Mexico
PODIATRISTS

 √   With 39 podiatrists, New Mexico ranked 40th among the states in number of podiatrists
     per capita in 1995, with 2.3 podiatrists per 100,000 population as compared to the na-
     tional rate of 4.5.
 √   In 1999, the vast majority of podiatrists in the United States were Non-Hispanic white
     (87%) and male (69.6%).




                                                Podiatrists, 1995
                                                New Mexico              Region VI                     US          Rank

        Podiatrists                                         39                    658         11,716             41/50

               Per 100,000 population                        2.3                    2.2               4.5        40/50

                Percent female, 1999                        -                      -             30.4%
      Source: American Podiatric Medical Association; Bureau of the Census.




     Race/ethnicity of podiatrists & the population, U.S., 1999
             100%

              90%       87%

              80%
                               72%                                                Podiatrists
              70%

              60%
                                                                                  Population
              50%

              40%

              30%

              20%
                                                  12%                11%
                                                                8%
              10%                           5%                                              4%
                                                                                       0%                   0% 1%
               0%
                      Non-Hispanic whit e   Black/African   Hispanic/Lat ino(a)     Asian & Pacific        American
                                              American                                 Islander         Indian/Alaskan
                                                                                                            Nat ive



           Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




                                                                                                             New Mexico -- 59
  OPTOMETRISTS & OPTICIANS


      √       There were 80 optometrists and 520 opticians in New Mexico in 1998.
      √       With 4.6 optometrists per 100,000 population in 1998, New Mexico fell well
              below the national average of 8.7. New Mexico ranked 47th among states in
              optometrists per capita.
      √       In 1998, New Mexico ranked 11th among states in opticians per 100,000 popula-
              tion with 30.0 opticians per capita, higher than the national average of 23.6.
      √       The large majority of optometrists in the nation in 1999 were non-Hispanic
              white (83%).




  OPTOMETRISTS
                                          Optometrists, 1998
                                             New Mexico         Region VI         US   Rank

            Optometrists                                80            1,720   23,500   42/48

                   Per 100,000 population               4.6             5.4      8.7   47/50

                     Percent female, 1999               -               -      27.9%

          Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




60 -- New Mexico
          Race/ethnicity of optometrists & the population, U.S., 1999
                      90%
                              83%
                      80%
                                     72%
                      70%

                      60%
                                                                         Optometrists
                      50%
                                                                         Population
                      40%


                      30%

                      20%
                                                        12%                 11%         10%
                      10%                                                                        4%
                                                  4%                3%
                                                                                                           0% 1%
                       0%
                            Non-Hispanic whit e   Black/African   Hispanic/Lat ino(a)   Asian & Pacific      American
                                                    American                               Islander       Indian/Alaskan
                                                                                                              Nat ive




                       Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




OPTICIANS
                                                     Opticians, 1998
                                                         New Mexico                Region VI                  US           Rank
              Opticians                                             520                 6,830             63,720           30/50
                  Per 100,000 population                           30.0                   21.6              23.6           11/50


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.
Note: Unless otherwise specified, ‘opticians’ refers to ‘opticians, dispensing and measuring’ as defined in the Standard
    Occupational Classification Manual.




                                                                                                              New Mexico -- 61
   Opticianry-dispensing optician degrees awarded, 1992-3 to 1996-7


             10

              9

              8

              7

              6

              5

              4

              3

              2

              1

              0
             1991-92          1992-93         1993-94         1994-95        1995-96     1996-97




                  Source: National Center for Education Statistics.




     Race/ethnicity & gender of opticianry-dispensing optician
           degree recipients & the population, 1996-97

                                                          Opticianry-dispensing
                                                  optician education program
                                                               degree recipients       Population
       Race/ethnicity
                     Non-Hispanic white                                      -             48.9%
                Black/African American                                       -              1.9%
                      Hispanic/Latino(a)                                     -             38.7%
                 Asian & Pacific Islander                                    -              1.4%
        American Indian/Alaskan Nativ e                                   100.0%            9.2%
                                     Total                                100.0%          100.0%

       Gender
                                        Female                             75.0%           50.6%
                                          Male                             25.0%           49.4%
                                          Total                           100.0%          100.0%

       Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




62 -- New Mexico
PHARMACY

 √   There were 1,000 pharmacists and 1,120 pharmacy technicians and aides practicing
     in New Mexico in 1998.
 √   New Mexico had 57.7 pharmacists and 64.6 pharmacy technicians and aides per
     100,000 population in 1998, which ranked them 42nd and 24th, respectively, among
     the 50 states. The ratio of pharmacy technicians/aides to pharmacists in New Mexico
     of 1.12 ranked 7th in the nation.
 √   Nationally, just under half (49.1%) of practicing pharmacists were women in 1998. In
     1999 6% of pharmacists in the US were Black/African American and 3% were
     Hispanic/Latino, compared to 12% and 11% of the general population, respectively.
 √   The majority of pharmacy graduates (57%) in New Mexico in 1996-97 were non-
     Hispanic white, with another 30% Hispanic/Latino. Forty-five percent of pharmacy
     technician-aide graduates were non-Hispanic white, 32% were Hispanic/Latino, and
     14% were Native American/Alaskan Native, compared to 49%, 39%, and 9%, re-
     spectively, in the general population.




PHARMACISTS
                                      Pharmacists, 1998
                                        New Mexico         Region VI           US     Rank
         Pharmacists                             1,000        18,370       178,110    38/50
              Per 100,000 population              57.7              58.0      65.9    42/50

                      Percent female               -                 -      49.1%       -


        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




                                                                                     New Mexico -- 63
       Race/ethnicity of pharmacists & the population, U.S., 1999
             90%

             80%        77%
                               72%
             70%
                                                                                   Pharmacists
             60%


             50%                                                                   Population

             40%


             30%

             20%                                                                     14%
                                                  12%                  11%
             10%                            6%                 3%                             4%
                                                                                                        0% 1%
                 0%
                      Non-Hispanic whit e   Black/African    Hispanic/Lat ino(a)     Asian & Pacific      American
                                              American                                  Islander       Indian/Alaskan
                                                                                                           Nat ive




             Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




   Pharmacy degrees awarded, by award level, 1986-7 to 1996-7

                                      Pharm. B.                                        Pharm. D.
            90

            80

            70

            60

            50

            40

            30

            20

            10

             0
            1986-87              1988-89           1990-91             1992-93              1994-95          1996-97




                 Source: American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy.
                 Note: Inlcudes PharmB and PharmD only.




64 -- New Mexico
      Race/ethnicity & gender of pharmacy degree recipients & the
                          population, 1996-97
                                                         Pharmacy education
                                                             program degree
                                                                     recipients               Population
              Race/ethnicity

                                 Non-Hispanic white                         57%                      49%

                           Black/African American                             1%                      2%

                                  Hispanic/Latino(a)                        30%                      39%

                            Asian & Pacific Islander                          6%                      1%

                  American Indian/Alaskan Nativ e                             6%                      9%

                                                 Total                     100%                      100%




              Gender

                                              Female                        57%                      51%

                                                 Male                       43%                      49%

                                                 Total                     100%                      100%


                  Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.
                  Note: Inlcudes PharmB and PharmD only.




PHARMACY TECHNICIANS & AIDES
                            Pharmacy technicians & aides, 1998
                                                  New Mexico          Region VI              US        Rank
            Pharmacy technicians & aides                   1,120          20,450       174,970        37/50
                         Per 100,000 population             64.6             64.5           64.7      24/50

                                  Per pharmacist            1.12             1.11           0.98       7/50


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.
Note: 1997 is the most recent year for which data were available on pharmacy technicians and aides in Delaware.




                                                                                                   New Mexico -- 65
    Pharmacy technician-assistant degrees awarded, 1992-3 to 1996-7
            25




            20




            15




            10




             5




             0
            1991-92          1992-93        1993-94         1994-95         1995-96    1996-97



                 Source: National Center for Education Statistics.
                 Note: No pharmacy aide major field of study extant in the data.




       Race/ethnicity & gender of pharmacy technician-assistant
             degree recipients & the population, 1996-97


                                                                 Pharmacy
                                                      technician-assistant
                                                      education program
                                                        degree recipients             Population
          Race/ethnicity
                             Non-Hispanic white                         45%                 49%
                        Black/African American                           9%                  2%
                             Hispanic/Latino(a)                         32%                 39%
                     Asian & Pacific Islander                            0%                  1%
             American Indian/Alaskan Nativ e                            14%                  9%
                                             Total                     100%                100%


          Gender
                                          Female                        68%                 51%
                                             Male                       32%                 49%
                                             Total                     100%                100%

        Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




66 -- New Mexico
MENTAL   HEALTH



 √   There were 170 psychiatrists, 550 psychologists, and 3,830 social workers in New
     Mexico in 1998.
 √   With 9.8 psychiatrists per 100,000 population in 1998, New Mexico was fell below
     the national average of 11.1 and ranked 18th among states in psychiatrists per capita.
 √   New Mexico had 31.7 psychologists per 100,000 population, comparable to the na-
     tional average of 31.2. New Mexico ranked 21st among states in psychologists per
     capita.
 √   New Mexico had 220.9 social workers per 100,000 population, higher than the na-
     tional average of 216.0. New Mexico ranked 25th among states in social workers per
     capita.
 √   The majority of psychologists and social workers in the nation in 1998 were non-
     Hispanic white, 84% and 65% respectively.
 √   Nationally, over 71% of social workers, 65% of psychologists and more than 28% of
     psychiatrists were female in 1998.


PSYCHOLOGISTS
                       Psychologists & psychiatrists, 1998

                                      New Mexico           Region VI             US         Rank

         Psychiatrists                           170            2,253       29,937          31/50
            Per 100,000 population               9.8              7.1         11.1          18/50
                    Percent female               -                -          28.5%            -

                                                                                            33/50
         Psychologists                            550           6,450       84,380
            Per 100,000 population               31.7            20.4         31.2          21/50
                    Percent female                -               -          64.5%            -

      Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; American Medical Association; Bureau of the Census.




                                                                                       New Mexico -- 67
       Psychologists & psychiatrists per 100,000 population, 1998

            35
                          31.7                       31.2
            30                                                                      New Mexico

                                                                                    Region VI
            25

                                        20.4                                        US
            20



            15
                                                                                                         11.1
                                                                              9.8
            10
                                                                                             7.1

              5



              0
                                     Psychologists                                       Psychiatrists



           Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; American Medical Association; Bureau of the Census.




      Race/ethnicity of psychologists & the population, U.S., 1999

              90%
                         84%
              80%
                                72%
              70%
                                                                     Psychologists
              60%


              50%                                                    Population
              40%


              30%

              20%
                                             10% 12%                   11%
              10%
                                                               4%                    3% 4%                1% 1%
                  0%
                       Non-Hispanic whit e   Black/African   Hispanic/Lat ino(a)    Asian & Pacific         American
                                               American                                Islander          Indian/Alaskan
                                                                                                             Nat ive

              Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




68 -- New Mexico
      Psychology doctoral degrees awarded, 1992-3 to 1996-7
           30



           25



           20



           15



           10



            5



            0
           1991-92           1992-93         1993-94         1994-95         1995-96       1996-97


           Source: National Center for Education Statistics.




Race/ethnicity & gender of psychology doctoral degree recipients &
                     the population, 1996-97

                                                                  Psychology
                                                         education program
                                                          degree recipients                Population
           Race/ethnicity

                               Non-Hispanic white                          90%                       49%

                          Black/African American                            0%                       2%

                                Hispanic/Latino(a)                          0%                       39%

                           Asian & Pacific Islander                         0%                       1%

                American Indian/Alaskan Nativ e                            10%                       9%

                                                Total                    100%                    100%




           Gender

                                             Female                        18%                       51%

                                                Male                       82%                       49%

                                                Total                    100%                    100%

                Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.



                                                                                          New Mexico -- 69
  SOCIAL   WORKERS
                                           Social workers, 1998


                                                   New Mexico                  Region VI                 US         Rank
             Social workers                                  3,830                55,330           583,770          35/50

                   Per 100,000 population                    220.9                  174.6            216.0          25/50

                              Percent female                     -                      -           71.2%             -


            Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




     Race/ethnicity of social workers & the population, U.S., 1999

             80%
                             72%
             70%     65%

             60%
                                                                Social workers
             50%

                                                                Population
             40%


             30%
                                         24%
             20%
                                               12%                   11%
             10%                                           7%
                                                                                  3% 4%             1% 1%
              0%
                   Non-Hispanic whit e   Black/African   Hispanic/Lat ino(a)     Asian & Pacific      American
                                           American                                 Islander       Indian/Alaskan
                                                                                                       Native


                       Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




70 -- New Mexico
                     Social work degrees awarded, 1992-3 to 1996-7

               120



               100



                80



                60



                40



                20



                 0
                1991-92          1992-93           1993-94        1994-95       1995-96         1996-97


Source: National Center for Education Statistics.
Note: Includes the social work and clinical and medical social work major fields of study. Post-baccalaureate degrees only.




  Percentage change in social work graduates, population & social
     work graduates per 100,000 population, 1991-92 to 1996-97


                  40%
                           36%
                  35%
                                                             New Mexico
                  30%                                        Region VI
                                           27%
                  25%                                        US                   23%
                                   22%
                                                                                                 20%
                  20%


                  15%                                                                     13%
                                                         10%
                  10%                                             8%
                                                                           5%
                     5%


                     0%
                           Social work graduates              Population        Social work graduates per
                                                                                   100,000 population



Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.
Note: Includes the social work and clinical and medical social work major fields of study. Post-baccalaureate degrees only.




                                                                                                  New Mexico -- 71
      Race/ethnicity & gender of social work degree recipients & the
                           population, 1996-97
                                                                      Social work
                                                             education program
                                                               degree recipients                Population

                  Race/ethnicity

                                    Non-Hispanic white                         69%                      49%

                               Black/African American                           1%                        2%

                                     Hispanic/Latino(a)                        27%                      39%

                                Asian & Pacific Islander                        0%                        1%

                     American Indian/Alaskan Nativ e                            3%                        9%

                                                     Total                    100%                     100%


                  Gender

                                                  Female                       75%                      51%

                                                     Male                      25%                      49%

                                                     Total                    100%                     100%


  Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.
  Note: Includes the social work and clinical and medical social work major fields of study. Post-baccalaureate degrees only.




72 -- New Mexico
ALLIED HEALTH
PHYSICAL             THERAPY



      √        There were 710 physical therapists and 410 physical therapy assistants practic-
               ing in New Mexico in 1998.
      √        There were 41 physical therapists per 100,000 population in New Mexico in
               1998, close to the national average of 41.3. New Mexico ranked 27th in the
               nation in physical therapists per capita.
      √        In 1999, the majority of physical therapists in the United States were non-
               Hispanic white and female.
      √        The number of physical therapy graduates in the United States grew 53% be-
               tween 1991-92 and 1996-97 while the total population only grew 5%. The result
               was a 46% increase in physical therapy graduates per capita nationwide.
      √        In 1996-97, 71.4% of physical therapist degree recipients and 46.2% of physical
               therapy assistant degree recipients in New Mexico were non-Hispanic white,
               compared to 48.9% in the general population.




                         Physical therapists, assistants & aides, 1998
                                                             New Mexico            Region VI               US            Rank
Physical therapists                                                     710            12,190         111,480            37/50

                              Per 100,000 population                    41.0              38.5            41.3           27/50

                                       Percent female                    -                 -              74%               -

Physicial & correctiv e therapy assistants & aides                      410             8,460           76,590           39/50

                              Per 100,000 population                    23.7              26.7            28.3           40/50



Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.
Notes: BLS does not include separate occupational categories for ‘physical therapy assistants’ and ‘corrective and manual
    arts therapy assistants’. 1997 is the most recent year for which data on physical and corrective therpay assistants in Utah
    were available.




                                                                                                   New Mexico -- 73
    Race/ethnicity of physical therapists & the population, U.S., 1999
                 100%


                  90%                                                                  Physical therapists
                          82.0%
                  80%
                                 71.9%
                  70%
                                                                                       Population
                  60%


                  50%


                  40%


                  30%


                  20%
                                                     12.1%                11.1%
                  10%                                                                   8.2%
                                              4.8%                 4.7%                        4.0%
                                                                                                            0.3% 0.9%
                   0%
                        Non-Hispanic whit e   Black/African      Hispanic/Lat ino(a)   Asian & Pacific        American
                                                American                                  Islander         Indian/Alaskan
                                                                                                               Native




           Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




         Physical therapy degrees awarded, 1992-3 to 1996-7

                  30



                  25



                  20



                  15



                  10



                   5



                   0
                  1991-92              1992-93                1993-94              1994-95               1995-96            1996-97




             Source: National Center for Education Statistics.




74 -- New Mexico
Percentage change in physical therapy graduates, population &
 physical therapy graduates per 100,000 population, 1991-92 to
                           1996-97

       60%
                              53%
       50%                                                                         46%
                       45%                       New Mexico

       40%
                                                 Region VI
                                                                            34%
                                                 US
       30%



       20%     17%
                                          10%
       10%                                       8%                  6%
                                                           5%

       0%
             Physical therapy graduates       Population          Physical therapy graduates
                                                                    per 100,000 population



         Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




                                                                                         New Mexico -- 75
   Physical therapy assistant degrees awarded, 1992-3 to 1996-7

              45


              40


              35


              30


              25


              20


              15


              10


               5


               0
              1991-92         1992-93           1993-94         1994-95          1995-96         1996-97



               Source: National Center for Education Statistics.




   Race/ethnicity & gender of physical therapy & physical therapy
       assistant degree recipients & the population, 1996-97


                                                           Physical therapy      Physical therapy assistant
                                                      education program                education program
                                                          degree recipients                degree recipients      Population
    Race/ethnicity
                        Non-Hispanic white                            71.4%                            46.2%          48.9%
                   Black/African American                                 3.6%                             3.8%        1.9%
                        Hispanic/Latino(a)                            25.0%                            38.5%          38.7%
                   Asian & Pacific Islander                                -                                -          1.4%
      American Indian/Alaskan Nativ e                                      -                           11.5%           9.2%
                                        Total                        100.0%                           100.0%         100.0%


    Gender
                                   Female                             75.0%                            74.1%          50.6%
                                        Male                          25.0%                            25.9%          49.4%
                                        Total                        100.0%                           100.0%         100.0%


    Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




76 -- New Mexico
OCCUPATIONAL           THERAPY


   √       There were 790 occupational therapists and 90 occupational therapy assistants
           practicing in New Mexico in 1998.
   √       There were 45.6 occupational therapists per 100,000 population in New Mexico
                                                                                       st
           in 1998, significantly above the national average of 24. New Mexico ranked 1
           in the nation in occupational therapists per capita.
   √       In 1999, occupational therapists in the United States were predominantly non-
           Hispanic white and female.
   √       The number of occupational therapy graduates in the United States grew 80%
           between 1991-92 and 1996-97 while the total population only grew 5%. The
           result was a 72% increase in occupational therapy graduates per capita nation-
           wide.
   √       In 1996-97, 72.7% of occupational therapy degree recipients and 65% of occu-
           pational therapist assistant degree recipients in New Mexico were non-Hispanic
           white, compared to 48.9% in the general population.




             Occupational therapists, assistants & aides, 1998

                                                New Mexico           Region VI      US    Rank
       Occupational therapists                             790           7,580   64,730   26/50
                Per 100,000 population                     45.6           23.9     24.0    1/50
                         Percent female                        -           -       87%      -
                Occupational therapy
                                                               90        1,830   20,350   42/47
                    assistants & aides

                Per 100,000 population                         5.2         5.8      7.5   38/47



   Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




                                                                                   New Mexico -- 77
       Race/ethnicity of occupational therapists & the population,
                               U.S., 1999
                  100%

                            89%                                               Occupational therapists
                  90%


                  80%                                                         Population
                                   72%
                  70%


                  60%


                  50%


                  40%


                  30%


                  20%
                                                      12%                  11%
                  10%
                                                6%                                              4%
                                                                    2%                   0%                  2%   1%
                   0%
                         Non-Hispanic whit e   Black/African     Hispanic/Lat ino(a)   Asian & Pacific      American
                                                 American                                 Islander       Indian/Alaskan
                                                                                                             Native


            Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




      Occupational therapy degrees awarded, 1992-3 to 1996-7


             50

             45

             40

             35

             30

             25

             20

             15

             10

              5

              0
             1991-92               1992-93             1993-94               1994-95               1995-96             1996-97




            Source: National Center for Education Statistics.




78 -- New Mexico
Percentage change in occupational therapy graduates, population
& occupational therapy graduates per 100,000 population, 1991-92
                          to 1996-97

              90%
                                     80%
              80%
                                                                                             72%
              70%
                                                             New Mexico
              60%
                                                             Region VI
              50%             45%                            US
              40%                                                                      35%
              30%

              20%
                                                       10%   8%
              10%                                                     5%
                       0%                                                     0%
               0%
                      Occupational therapy               Population         Occupational therapy
                          graduates                                         graduates per 100,000
                                                                                 population



             Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




Occupational therapy assistant degrees awarded, 1992-3 to 1996-7

        30



        25



        20



        15



        10



         5



         0
        1991-92           1992-93            1993-94          1994-95      1995-96           1996-97




         Source: National Center for Education Statistics.




                                                                                              New Mexico -- 79
                    Race/ethnicity & gender of occupational therapy
                    & occupational therapy assistant degree recipients
                               & the population, 1996-97

                                                                            Occupational therapy
                                              Occupational therapy            assistant education
                                                 education program               program degree
                                                   degree recipients                   recipients   Population
  Race/ethnicity
                  Non-Hispanic white                             72.7%                     65.0%        48.9%
             Black/African American                                 -                       5.0%         1.9%
                   Hispanic/Latino(a)                            25.0%                     25.0%        38.7%
              Asian & Pacific Islander                              -                         -          1.4%
   American Indian/Alaskan Nativ e                                2.3%                      5.0%         9.2%
                                   Total                        100.0%                    100.0%       100.0%


  Gender
                                Female                           75.6%                     65.0%        50.6%
                                   Male                          24.4%                     35.0%        49.4%
                                   Total                        100.0%                    100.0%       100.0%


  Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




80 -- New Mexico
SPEECH-LANGUAGE                 PATHOLOGY              &    AUDIOLOGY


    √        There were 1,110 speech-language pathologists and audiologists in practice in
             New Mexico in 1998.
    √        There were 64 speech-language pathologists and audiologists per 100,000
                                                                                        rd
             population, almost twice the national average of 32.7. New Mexico ranked 3
             in the nation in speech therapists per capita.
    √        Speech therapists in the United States were predominantly non-Hispanic white
             and female.
    √        The number of speech therapy graduates in the United States grew 54% between
             1991-92 and 1996-97 while the total population only grew 5%. The result was a
             47% growth in speech therapy graduates per capita nationwide.
    √        In 1996-97, 68.2% of speech therapy degree recipients in New Mexico were
             non-Hispanic white, compared to 48.9% in the general population. Twenty-
             seven percent were Hispanic/Latino, compared to 38.7% in the general popula-
             tion.




             Speech-language pathologists & audiologists, 1998


                                                  New Mexico          Region VI          US    Rank
     Speech-language pathologists and
                                                          1,110           10,760      88,390   26/49
                                audiologists
                    Per 100,000 population                 64.0              34.0       32.7    3/50
                            Percent female                   -                -         93%      -



  Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.
  Note: The Current Population Survey uses the occupational title speech therapist.




                                                                                        New Mexico -- 81
      Race/ethnicity of speech therapists & the population, U.S., 1999
                  100%
                             93%
                   90%                                                                 Speech therapists
                   80%
                                   72%
                   70%
                                                                                       Population

                   60%

                   50%

                   40%

                   30%

                   20%
                                                     12%                  11%
                   10%                                              4%
                                               1%                                       2% 4%             0% 1%
                    0%
                         Non-Hispanic whit e   Black/African     Hispanic/Lat ino(a)   Asian & Pacific      American
                                                 American                                 Islander       Indian/Alaskan
                                                                                                             Nat ive
                   Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




  Speech-language pathology & audiology degrees awarded, 1992-3
                           to 1996-7
                   90


                   80


                   70


                   60


                   50


                   40


                   30


                   20


                   10


                    0
                   1991-92           1992-93           1993-94             1994-95             1995-96          1996-97


  Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.
  Note: Includes the ‘audiology-hearing sciences’, ‘Speech-language pathology’ and ‘Speech-language pathology and
      audiology’ major fields of study.




82 -- New Mexico
 Percentage change in speech-language graduates, population
& speech-language graduates per 100,000 population, 1991-92 to
                          1996-97

                                                         New Mexico
                  90%      85%
                                                         Region VI
                  80%
                                                         US
                                                                               68%
                  70%

                                  57%
                  60%                   54%
                  50%                                                                 46% 47%

                  40%

                  30%

                  20%
                                                      10%    8%
                  10%                                                  5%
                   0%
                        Speech-language pathology         Population        Speech-language pathology
                          and audiology graduates                             and audiology graduates
                                                                               per 100,000 population


Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.
Note: Includes the ‘audiology-hearing sciences’, ‘Speech-language pathology’ and ‘Speech-language pathology and
    audiology’ major fields of study.




       Race/ethnicity & gender of speech-language pathology &
         audiology degree recipients & the population, 1996-97

                                            Speech-language pathology and audiology
                                                    education program degree recipients          Population
  Race/ethnicity
                  Non-Hispanic white                                                  68.2%              48.9%
             Black/African American                                                     -                 1.9%
                   Hispanic/Latino(a)                                                 27.1%              38.7%
              Asian & Pacific Islander                                                 1.2%               1.4%
      American Indian/Alaskan Nativ e                                                  3.5%               9.2%
                                  Total                                              100.0%             100.0%
  Gender
                                  Female                                              90.6%              50.6%
                                    Male                                               9.4%              49.4%
                                    Total                                            100.0%             100.0%


Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.
Note: Includes the ‘audiology-hearing sciences’, ‘Speech-language pathology’ and ‘Speech-language pathology and
    audiology’ major fields of study.




                                                                                              New Mexico -- 83
  RESPIRATORY         THERAPY


     √       There were 510 respiratory therapists in practice in New Mexico in 1998.
     √       There were 29.4 respiratory therapists per 100,000 population, slightly below the
                                                              th
             national average of 31.4. New Mexico ranked 29 in the nation in respiratory
             therapists per capita.
     √       The majority of respiratory therapists in the United States were non-Hispanic
             white and female.
     √       The number of respiratory therapy technician graduates in the United States de-
             clined 19% between 1991-92 and 1996-97 while the total population grew 5%.
             The result was a 23% decline in respiratory therapy graduates per capita nation-
             wide.
     √       In 1996-97, 61.9% of respiratory therapy technician degree recipients in New
             Mexico were non-Hispanic white, compared to 48.9% in the general population.
             Thirty-three percent were Hispanic/Latino, compared to 38.7% in the general
             population.



                                   Respiratory therapists, 1998


                                                    New Mexico       Region VI      US       Rank
         Respiratory therapists                                510     10,140    84,730      36/50
                  Per 100,000 population                      29.4        32.0     31.4      29/50
                          Percent female                       -           -       61%          -



         Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




84 -- New Mexico
Race/ethnicity of respiratory therapists & the population, U.S., 1999

         100%

          90%                                                        Respiratory therapists

          80%         74% 72%
          70%                                                        Population
          60%

          50%

          40%

          30%

          20%
                                         17%
                                               12%                11%
          10%                                                                   7%
                                                            2%                         4%
                                                                                                  0% 1%
              0%
                   Non-Hispanic whit e   Black/African   Hispanic/Lat ino(a)   Asian & Pacific      American
                                           American                               Islander       Indian/Alaskan
                                                                                                     Nat ive



               Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




Respiratory therapy technician degrees awarded, 1992-3 to 1996-7

         35



         30



         25



         20



         15



         10



          5



          0
         1991-92             1992-93           1993-94           1994-95             1995-96          1996-97


         Source: National Center for Education Statistics.
         Note: Includes the ‘respiratory therapy technician’ major field of study extant in the data.



                                                                                                     New Mexico -- 85
     Percentage change in respiratory therapy technician graduates,
    population & respiratory therapy technician graduates per 100,000
                      population, 1991-92 to 1996-97

                                                                                          New Mexico
                  20%
                                                                                          Region VI
                                                       10%                                US
                  10%                                         8%
                                                                        5%

                   0%


                 -10%


                 -20%
                                  -15%
                                         -19%                                              -21%
                                                                                                  -23%
                 -30%
                           -29%

                 -40%                                                            -36%
                            Respiratory therapy            Population              Respiratory therapy
                           technician graduates                                 technician graduates per
                                                                                   100,000 population


      Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.
      Note: Includes the ‘respiratory therapy technician’ major field of study extant in the data.




   Race/ethnicity & gender of respiratory therapy technician degree
                  recipients & the population, 1996-97

                                                                   Respiratory therapy
                                                                technician education
                                                          program degree recipients                  Population
            Race/ethnicity
                              Non-Hispanic white                                   61.9%                    48.9%
                        Black/African American                                        -                      1.9%
                               Hispanic/Latino(a)                                  33.3%                    38.7%
                         Asian & Pacific Islander                                     -                      1.4%
              American Indian/Alaskan Nativ e                                       4.8%                     9.2%
                                               Total                              100.0%                   100.0%


            Gender
                                            Female                                 40.9%                    50.6%
                                               Male                                59.1%                    49.4%
                                               Total                              100.0%                   100.0%


                 Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.
                 Note: Includes the ‘respiratory therapy technician’ major field of study extant in the data.



86 -- New Mexico
TECHNICIANS &       TECHNOLOGISTS




  √   New Mexico had 900 Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) employed in the state
      in 1998. New Mexico ranked 27th among the states in the per capita employment of
      EMTs with 51.9 EMTs per 100,000 population as compared to the national ratio of
      53.8.
  √   The number of recipients of EMT degrees per 100,000 population increased in the
      United States from 1992-1997 by 62%.
 √    New Mexico had 1,490 medical and clinical laboratory technologists (lab techs)
      employed in the state in 1998. New Mexico ranked 40th among the states in the per
      capita employment of lab techs with 86 lab techs per 100,000 population as com-
      pared to the national ratio of 105.4.
 √    The number of recipients of lab tech degrees per 100,000 population increased in the
      United States from 1992-1997 by 36%.
 √    The majority of lab techs in the United States in 1999 were non-Hispanic white
      (66.5%) and female (79%).
 √    New Mexico had 550 Medical Records Technicians (MR techs) employed in the state
      in 1998. New Mexico ranked 30th among the states in the per capita employment of
      MR techs with 31.7 MR techs per 100,000 population as compared to the national
      ratio of 33.1.
 √    The number of recipients of MR tech degrees per 100,000 population in the United
      States increased from 1992 to 1997 by 79%.
 √    The majority of MR techs in the U.S. in 1999 were Non-Hispanic white (74.2 %) and
      female (97%).
 √    New Mexico had 50 nuclear medicine technologists (nuclear med techs) employed in
      the state in 1998. New Mexico ranked 44th among the states in the per capita em-
      ployment of nuclear med techs, with 2.9 nuclear med techs per 100,000 population as
      compared to the national ratio of 4.9.
 √    New Mexico had 700 radiologic technologists (rad techs) employed in the state in
      1998. New Mexico ranked third lowest among the states in the per capita employ-
      ment of rad techs, with 40.4 rad techs per 100,000 population as compared to the
      national ratio of 58.3.
 √    The number of recipients of rad tech degrees per 100,000 population increased in the
      United States from 1992 to 1997 by 10%.
 √    The majority of rad techs in the U.S. in 1999 were non-Hispanic white (84.4%) and
      female (75%).




                                                                        New Mexico -- 87
                                    Technicians & technologists, 1998
                                                                   New Mexico                   Region VI                        US    Rank

    Emergency medical technicians (EMTs)                                          900                 14,360               145,520     37/50

                            Per 100,000 population                                51.9                    45.3                  53.8   27/50

     Medical & clinical laboratory technologists
                                                                               1,490                  33,130               284,910     37/50
                       & technicians (Lab. techs.)

                            Per 100,000 population                                86.0                   104.6                105.4    40/50
                                       Percent female                             -                        -                    79%      -

    Medical records technicians (MR techs.)                                       550                    9,480               89,570    37/50

                            Per 100,000 population                                31.7                    29.9                  33.1   30/50
                                   Percent female                                 -                        -                    97%      -
       Nuclear medicine technologists (Nuclear
                                                                                      50                 1,360               13,360    39/45
                                            med. techs.)
                            Per 100,000 population                                 2.9                        4.3                4.9   44/46

    Radiologic technologists (Rad. techs.)                                        700                 15,340               157,480     40/49

                            Per 100,000 population                                40.4                    48.4                  58.3   48/50
                                   Percent female                                 -                        -                    75%      -



  Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.
  Notes: South Dakota data for nuclear medicine technologist are 1997; District of Columbia data for EMTs & nuclear medicine
      technologist are for the Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV PMSA.




        Race/ethnicity of technicians & technologists & the population,
                                   U.S., 1999
                     100%


                      90%
                                     84%

                      80%                                                                  Lab. techs.
                                74%
                                         72%
                      70%   67%                                                            MR techs.

                      60%
                                                                                           Rad. techs.
                                                                                           Population
                      50%


                      40%


                      30%

                                                  19%
                      20%                            16%
                                                            12%                   11%
                                                         10%
                      10%                                                                   8% 7%
                                                                   5%        4%                          4%
                                                                        1%                          2%              1% 1% 0% 1%
                       0%
                            Non-Hispanic whit e    Black/African   Hispanic/Lat ino(a)      Asian & Pacific            American
                                                     American                                  Islander             Indian/Alaskan
                                                                                                                        Nat ive

               Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.
               Note: Current Population Survey data do not include the EMT and Nuclear med. tech. occupations.




88 -- New Mexico
                 EMT degrees awarded, 1992-3 to 1996-7

       20

       18

       16

       14

       12

       10

        8

        6

        4

        2

        0
       1991-92          1992-93         1993-94           1994-95      1995-96          1996-97



         Source: National Center for Education Statistics.




Percentage change in EMT graduates, population & EMT graduates
           per 100,000 population, 1991-92 to 1996-97


       350%             328%
                                                                             298%
       300%

                                              New Mexico
       250%
                                              Region VI
       200%
                                              US
       150%

       100%                       70%                                                62%
        50%
                                            10%      8%        5%
         0%

        -50%

                 -62%                                                 -65%
       -100%
                   EMT graduates                  Population        EMT graduates per 100,000
                                                                           population


        Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




                                                                                       New Mexico -- 89
            Lab. tech. degrees awarded, 1992-3 to 1996-7

            70



            60



            50



            40



            30



            20



            10



             0
            1991-92           1992-93          1993-94         1994-95        1995-96         1996-97


                 Source: National Center for Education Statistics.
                 Note: Includes the ‘medical laboratory technician’ major field of study extant in the data.




  Percentage change in lab. tech. graduates, population & lab. tech.
         graduates per 100,000 population, 1991-92 to 1996-97


                                                             New Mexico
                                                             Region VI
            45%
                        41% 41% 43%
                                                             US
            40%
                                                                                              36%
            35%
                                                                                        31%
            30%                                                               28%

            25%

            20%

            15%
                                                   10%
            10%                                             8%
                                                                      5%
             5%

             0%
                        Lab. tech. graduates             Population         Lab. tech. graduates per
                                                                              100,000 population


                 Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.
                 Note: Includes the ‘medical laboratory technician’ major field of study extant in the data.




90 -- New Mexico
              MR tech. degrees awarded, 1992-3 to 1996-7

         20

         18

         16

         14

         12

         10

          8

          6

          4

          2

          0
         1991-92           1992-93         1993-94         1994-95         1995-96        1996-97



          Source: National Center for Education Statistics.




Percentage change in MR tech. graduates, population & MR tech.
      graduates per 100,000 population, 1991-92 to 1996-97

          300%
                     260%
          250%
                                                New Mexico
                                                                          227%
                                                Region VI
          200%                                  US
                            166%
                                                                                 147%
          150%



          100%                       89%
                                                                                          79%

              50%
                                                10%     8%        5%
              0%
                      MR tech. graduates             Population           MR tech. graduates per
                                                                           100,000 population



                Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




                                                                                          New Mexico -- 91
                 Rad. tech. degrees awarded, 1992-3 to 1996-7
            80


            70


            60


            50


            40


            30


            20


            10


             0
            1991-92          1992-93         1993-94           1994-95     1995-96         1996-97

             Source: National Center for Education Statistics.




   Percentage change in rad. tech. graduates, population & rad. tech.
          graduates per 100,000 population, 1991-92 to 1996-97


            60%

                      51%                     New Mexico
            50%                               Region VI
                             40%              US
            40%                                                            37%

                                                                                  30%
            30%



            20%
                                       15%
                                                 10%                                     10%
            10%                                           8%
                                                                    5%

             0%
                      Rad. tech. graduates             Population        Rad. tech. graduates per
                                                                           100,000 population

            Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




92 -- New Mexico
Race/ethnicity & gender of selected technician & technologist
        degree recipients & the population, 1996-97
                                                     Program degree recipients

                                               EMT     Lab. tech.      MR tech.     Rad. tech. Population

Race/ethnicity
                Non-Hispanic white           80.0%          40.0%           55.6%       61.8%       48.9%
          Black/African American                -              -              -           -          1.9%
                 Hispanic/Latino(a)          20.0%          45.0%           22.2%       34.5%       38.7%
           Asian & Pacific Islander             -             5.0%            -           -          1.4%
 American Indian/Alaskan Nativ e                -           10.0%           22.2%        3.6%        9.2%
                                Total       100.0%         100.0%          100.0%      100.0%      100.0%


Gender
                             Female          40.0%          70.7%           94.4%       60.7%       50.6%
                                Male         60.0%          29.3%            5.6%       39.3%       49.4%
                                Total       100.0%         100.0%          100.0%      100.0%      100.0%



 Source: National Center for Education Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




                                                                                                New Mexico -- 93
  DIETICIANS & NUTRITIONISTS


   √         New Mexico had 230 dieticians and nutritionists in 1998. This was equal to 13.3 dieti-
             cians and nutritionists per 100,000, lower than the national average of 16.6. New Mexico
             ranked 41st among states in dieticians and nutritionists per capita.




                                         Dieticians & nutritionists, 1998
                                                             New Mexico                Region VI                  US       Rank
          Dieticians & nutritionists                                    230                 4,170           44,840         37/50
                     Per 100,000 population                             13.3                  13.2               16.6      41/50
                               Percent female                            -                      -                84%         -

       Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.
       Note: Current Population Survey uses the occupation title dietician.




             Race/ethnicity of dieticians & the population, U.S., 1999

                   100%

                    90%                                                                             Dieticians
                    80%
                                    72%
                    70%      66%                                                                    Population
                    60%

                    50%

                    40%

                    30%
                                                 19%
                    20%
                                                       12%                   11%        11%
                    10%                                            3%                           4%
                                                                                                           0% 1%
                      0%
                           Non-Hispanic whit e   Black/African   Hispanic/Lat ino(a)    Asian & Pacific      American
                                                   American                                Islander       Indian/Alaskan
                                                                                                              Nat ive



                    Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




94 -- New Mexico
AUXILLIARY               HEALTH

  √        There were 2,000 home health aides and 6,540 nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants
           working in New Mexico in 1998.
  √        New Mexico had 115 home health aides and 377 nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants
                                                          th     rd
           per 100,000 population in 1998, which ranked 35 and 43 , respectively, among the 50
           states.
  √        Nationally, 60% of home health aides were non-Hispanic White in 1999. The percent-
           ages for Black/African American and Hispanic/Latino were 25% and 10%, respectively.
           The percentages for nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants were 51% non-Hispanic
           White, 35% Black/African American, and 10% Hispanic/Latino, respectively.


HOME HEALTH                 AIDES
                                               Home health aides, 1998
                                                           New Mexico                 Region VI                US         Rank
        Home health aides                                           2,000               61,510           430,440          38/50
                   Per 100,000 population                           115.4                 194.1             159.3         35/50
                           Percent female                              -                     -                79%           -

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.
Notes: Current Population Survey uses the occupation title “health aides, except nursing”. Data on home health aides for the
    District of Columbia are for the Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV PMSA.




         Race/ethnicity of health aides & the population, U.S., 1999
                  100%

                   90%                                                     Health aides, except nursing

                   80%
                                  72%
                                                                           Population
                   70%
                           60%
                   60%

                   50%

                   40%

                   30%                          25%
                   20%
                                                      12%        10% 11%
                   10%                                                                  4% 4%
                                                                                                          1% 1%
                    0%
                         Non-Hispanic whit e    Black/African   Hispanic/Lat ino(a)    Asian & Pacific      American
                                                  American                                Islander       Indian/Alaskan
                                                                                                             Nat ive

                   Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




                                                                                                               New Mexico -- 95
  NURSING AIDES, ORDERLIES & ATTENDANTS

                           Nursing aides, orderlies & attendants, 1998

                                                                 New Mexico             Region VI                   US     Rank
       Nursing aides, orderlies & attendants                             6,540             153,180         1,258,130       38/50
                        Per 100,000 population                           377.3                 483.4            465.5      43/50
                                 Percent female                              -                    -               90%        -

  Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.
  Note: Most Bureau of Labor Statistics data treat nurse aides, orderlies and attendants are treated as a single occupational
      category.




        Race/ethnicity of nursing aides, orderlies & attendants, & the
                           population, U.S., 1999
                    100%

                     90%                                          Nursing aides, orderlies & attendants

                     80%
                                    72%
                                                                  Population
                     70%

                     60%
                             51%
                     50%

                     40%                         35%
                     30%

                     20%
                                                       12%         10% 11%
                     10%
                                                                                         3% 4%             1% 1%
                      0%
                           Non-Hispanic whit e   Black/African    Hispanic/Lat ino(a)   Asian & Pacific      American
                                                   American                                Islander       Indian/Alaskan
                                                                                                              Nat ive


                 Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of the Census.




96 -- New Mexico
TECHNICAL NOTES & REFERENCES

INTRODUCTION

US health workforce data: Figures derived by averaging national figures from twelve months of Current
Population Survey data.

U.S. Census Bureau; jan99pub.zip - dec99pub.zip; <ftp://www.bls.census.gov/pub/cps/basic>; (accessed: 14
   January 2000).


BACKGROUND
Population estimates, projections, percent of population female, percent of female population of child-
bearing age, percent of population 65 or more years of age, percent of population 85 or more years of age,
percent of population 25 or more years of age high school graduate or equivalent, percent of population in
poverty, race and ethnicity, unemployment rate, and median household income, obtained from US Bureau of
the Census.

U.S. Census Bureau; Population Estimates for the U.S., Regions, and States by Selected Age Groups and
   Sex: Annual Time series, July 1, 1990 to July 1, 1999. <http://www.census.gov/population/estimates/
   state/st-99-09.txt>; (accessed: March 9, 2000).

U.S. Census Bureau; State Population Projections: 1995 to 2000. <http://www.census.gov/population/www/
   projections/st_yr95to00.html>; (Last Revised: March 31, 2000).

U.S. Census Bureau; State Population Projections: 2016 to 2020 <http://www.census.gov/population/www/
   projections/st_yr16to20.html>; (Last Revised: March 29, 1999).

U.S. Census Bureau; Historical Annual Time Series of State Population Estimates and Demographic Compo-
   nents of Change 1900 to 1990 Total Population Estimates: Intercensal Estimates of the Total Resident
   Population of States: 1970 to 1980. <http://www.census.gov/population/estimates/state/stts/
   st7080ts.txt>; Release date: Feb. 1995.

U.S. Census Bureau; "Educational Attainment in the United States: March 1998 (Update), Table 13. Educa-
   tional Attainment of Persons 25 Years Old and Over, for States: March 1998." <http://www.census.gov/
   prod/3/98pubs/p20-513u.pdf >.

U.S. Census Bureau; "State Poverty Rates and Standard Errors: 3-year Averages 1980-82 through 1997-99";
   <http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty.html>; published 27 January 2000.

U.S. Census Bureau; "Detailed State Projections by Single Year of Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin:
   1995 to 2025"; < http://www.census.gov/population/www/projections/st_yr95to00.html>; 31 March
   2000.

U.S. Census Bureau; "Regional and State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly), Table 1. Civilian
   labor force and unemployment by census regions and divisions, seasonally adjusted. <http://
   stats.bls.gov/news.release/laus.t01.htm>; (Last modified: August 18, 2000).




                                                                                  New Mexico -- 97
  U.S. Census Bureau; "Regional and State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly), Table 3. Civilian
     labor force and unemployment by state and selected areas, seasonally adjusted." <http://stats.bls.gov/
     news.release/laus.t03.htm> (Last modified: August 18, 2000).

  U.S. Census Bureau; "Current Population Survey, March 1997, 1998, and 1999: Income - Table D."; <
     http://www.census.gov/hhes/income/histinc/histinctb.html>. 30 September 1999.

  Health status indicators obtained from the National Center for Health Statistics.

  U.S. Department of Health And Human Services, Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Health
     Statistics, August 8, 2000. National Vital Statistics Report (48:14). "Births and Deaths: Final Data for
     1998" Table 1.

  U.S. Department of Health And Human Services, Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Health
     Statistics, July 20, 2000. National Vital Statistics Report (48:12). "Table 1".

  U.S. Department of Health And Human Services, Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Health
     Statistics, June 30,1999. National Vital Statistics Report (47:19). "Table 26".

  U.S. Department of Health And Human Services, Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Health
     Statistics, National Center for HIV,STD, and TB Prevention, Division of TB Elimination July 1998.
     Reported TB in the US, 1997.

  U.S. Department of Health And Human Services, Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Health
     Statistics, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Division of HIV/ AIDS Prevention, 1998.
     Special data run.

  Data on health care infrastructure obtained from the American Association of Retired Persons, the American
  Hospital Association, the American Association of Homes and Services for the Aging, the Census Bureau,
  the Health Care Financing Administration, The National Center for Health Statistics, and the Bureau of
  Labor Statistics.

  McCloskey, Amanda H.; Holahan, Danielle; Brangan, Normandy; and Evelyn Yee. 1996. Reforming the
     Health Care System: State Profiles 1996. Public Policy Institute: AARP. Washington, D.C.

  American Hospital Association. 2000. Hospital Statistics: 2000 Edition. Health Forum: Chicago.

  AHA data are membership survey based, with an average response rate over a five-year period of 82%.
  Estimates are used for non-respondents. Figures presented are for registered community hospitals.

  Campbell, Jennifer A. 1999. "Health Insurance Coverage: Consumer Income". P60-208. U.S. Census
     Bureau: Washington, D.C.

  Cowles, C. McKeen. 1999. Nursing Home Statistical Yearbook, 1998. American Association of Homes and
     Services for the Aging: Washington, D.C.

  Nursing home beds are federally certified beds in skilled nursing facilities.

  Health Care Financing Administration, CMSO, HCFA-2082 Report.

  Health Care Financing Administration, OIS/EDG/DID, Updated July 1999.

  U.S. Department of Health And Human Services, Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Health
     Statistics, July 1998. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly report (47:26). National Immunization Survey,
     1997.

98 -- New Mexico
Employment data derived by BLS from the administration of the Unemployment Insurance program. Fig-
ures represent average number of employees per month for the year specified for each reporting unit. No
distinctions made between part-time and full-time employment. Individuals included are counted once per
reporting unit. Health services sector employment defined as Major Group 80: Health Services as per the
1987 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual. Section 537 of the Labor Law requires that
information provided by individual employers be kept confidential. Because of this requirement, industry
divisions have been consolidated in this data set when it is necessary to do so in order to ensure the confi-
dentiality of data provided by individual employers.

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2000. Covered Employment and Wages. Special data run.


HEALTH SERVICES EMPLOYMENT

Employment by place of work data obtained from BLS Covered Employment and Wages. (Op. cit.) State
total employment figures include both private and public sector employment where available.

Data indicated as 'missing' at the county level do not necessarily indicate a complete absence of health
services sector employment in the private sector. BLS non-disclosure regulations may prevent some data
from being released to the public.

Employment figures by place of work represent three-digit SIC level data from the Covered Employment
and Wages program. (Op. cit.) Each industry group utilized in producing this report is listed below, along
with industries included therein. See the Standard Industrial Classification Manual for further information.

Industry Groups 801-804: Offices And Clinics
      8011 Offices And Clinics Of Doctors Of Medicine
      8021 Offices And Clinics Of Dentists
      8031 Offices And Clinics Of Doctors Of Osteopathy
      8041 Offices And Clinics Of Chiropractors
      8042 Offices And Clinics Of Optometrists
      8043 Offices And Clinics Of Podiatrists
      8049 Offices And Clinics Of Health Practitioners, Not Elsewhere Classified
   Industry Group 805: Nursing And Personal Care Facilities
      8051 Skilled Nursing Care Facilities
      8052 Intermediate Care Facilities
      8059 Nursing And Personal Care Facilities, Not Elsewhere Classified
   Industry Group 806: Hospitals
      8062 General Medical And Surgical Hospitals
      8063 Psychiatric Hospitals
      8069 Specialty Hospitals, Except Psychiatric
   Industry Group 807: Medical And Dental Laboratories
       8071 Medical Laboratories
       8072 Dental Laboratories
   Industry Group 808: Home Health Care Services
      8082 Home Health Care Services




                                                                                     New Mexico -- 99
  Also included in figures for total health services is Industry Group 809: Miscellaneous Health And Allied
  Services, Not Elsewhere classified, which includes 8092 Kidney Dialysis Centers, 8093 Specialty Outpa-
  tient Facilities, Not Elsewhere Classified, and 8099 Health And Allied Services, Not Elsewhere Classified.

  No or no reliable 1998 Covered Employment and Wages data were available for nursing and personal care
  facility employment in Alaska, or medical and dental laboratory employment in Louisiana. For New Jersey
  and Alaska, 1997 data were employed. The most recent data available for laboratory employment in Louisi-
  ana were 1995. Also, for several states 1988 home health care employment data were not available. In each
  instance, the earliest available year's data were used: Alabama, 1990; Hawaii, 1994; Idaho, 1989; Ne-
  braska, 1991; New Jersey, 1989; Oklahoma, 1989; South Carolina, 1989; South Dakota, 1992; Virginia,
  1989; and Washington, 1989.

  Population data obtained from the U.S. Census Bureau. (Op. cit.)

  National data on composition of total health services and place of work employment by occupation derived
  from the National Industry-Occupation Matrix produced by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

  U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics; PBMT9808.ZIP; <ftp://146.142.4.23/pub/special.requests/ep/ind-
     occ.matrix>; 31 January 2000.

  Data on hospital beds and FTE hospital employment obtained from AHA. See citation above.

  Data on community hospital beds obtained from the National Center for Health Statistics.

  U.S. Department of Health And Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics, 1999. Health,
     United States, 1999 with Health and Aging Chartbook. Washington, D.C.

  Data on nursing home beds obtained from AARP. See citation above.

  Data on offices and clinics of physicians include 8011 Offices And Clinics Of Doctors Of Medicine and
  8031 Offices And Clinics Of Doctors Of Osteopathy. Data on office and clinics of dentists include 8021
  Offices And Clinics Of Dentists. Data on offices and clinics - other include 8041 Offices And Clinics Of
  Chiropractors, 8042 Offices And Clinics Of Optometrists, 8043 Offices And Clinics Of Podiatrists and 8049
  Offices And Clinics Of Health Practitioners, Not Elsewhere Classified.

  HEALTH PROFESSIONS           EMPLOYMENT

  Data on projected change in occupational employment obtained from the Bureau of Labor Statistics: State
  Occupational Employment Projections. State projections are developed in the labor market information
  sections of each State Employment Security Agency.

  U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics; "State Occupational Employment Projections"; <http://168.179.144.156/
     BLSOccPrj/SilverStream/Pages/frmProject96.html>.

  State Occupational Employment Statistics data utilized are from 1998 survey reports, which utilize 1996,
  1997 and 1998 data, except pharmacy technicians and aides in Delaware, dental hygienists in Illinois,
  physical therapy assistants in Utah, nuclear medicine technologists and optometrists in South Dakota, for
  which 1998 data were unavailable. 1997 data were substituted in these instances. Also, for emergency
  medical technicians, nuclear medicine technologists and home health aides, no data were available for the
  District of Columbia. Data for the Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV PMSA were substituted for these occupa-
  tions. In all the aforementioned cases of data substitution, appropriate changes in the population figures for
  the areas were also made in calculating health professionals to population ratios.




100 -- New Mexico
Data indicated as 'missing' do not necessarily indicate a complete absence of health professionals in that
occupation. BLS non-disclosure regulations may prevent some data from being released to the public.

Data on physicians obtained from the Area Resource File produced by QRS, Inc., for the U.S. Health
Resources and Services Administration. These include both data on allopathic physicians (data from the
American Medical Association) and osteopathic physicians (data from the American Osteopathic Associa-
tion). Unless otherwise indicated, counts of physicians indicate active, non-federal, patient care physicians
excluding residents and fellows.

Primary care is defined as office based MDs and DOs with specialties of general practice, general family
practice, general internal medicine and general pediatrics, excluding residents, fellows and interns. Special-
ist is defined as non-primary care.

Average age figures for physicians were calculated by applying national age group averages derived from
the Current Population Survey (Op. cit.) to ranged values available in the Area Resource File to create
weighted averages.

Physician race and ethnicity data obtained from the Health Resources and Services Administration (AMA
data).

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. HRSA State Profiles. <http://stateprofiles.hrsa.gov/>.
   (accessed: 23 August 2000).

Office of Research and Planning, Bureau of Health Professions, Health Resources and Services Administra-
    tion, Department of Health and Human Services. 2000. Area Resource File: February 2000 Release.

Data on Registered Nurses from the Division of Nursing's National Sample Survey of RNs. Figures pre-
sented are for RNs employed in nursing unless otherwise specified.

Moses, Evelyn B. 1997. The Registered Nurse Population, March 1996: Findings from The National
   Sample Survey of Registered Nurses. Department of Health and Human Services: Washington, D.C.

Data on Nurse Practitioners supplied by Richard A. Cooper, Health Policy Institute, Medical College of
Wisconsin, Milwaukee. Source is the National Council of State Boards of Nursing, Inc., 1998 Summary.
Figures presented represent active licenses.

Data on Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists supplied by Richard A. Cooper, Health Policy Institute,
Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. Source is the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists
"State Work Sheet for All Members 1996-97”. Figures presented represent total licenses.

Data on dentists obtained from the Area Resource File produced by QRS, Inc., for the U.S. Health Re-
sources and Services Administration. Figures presented include active, non-federal dentists in private
practice (data from the American Dental Association). (Op. cit.)

Data on Certified Nurse Midwives (CNMs) provided by the American College of Nurse-Midwives. Figures
presented are membership as of October 2000 (ACNM estimates that this represents 85-90% of CNMs and
Certified Midwives - CMs). Data for New York include both CNMs and CMs. All other states' data are for
CNMs only.

Data on Physician Assistants obtained from the Area Resource File produced by QRS, Inc., for the U.S.
Health Resources and Services Administration, except major setting and race and ethnicity. Figures pre-
sented are estimates provided by the American Academy of Physician Assistants (AAPA). AAPA estimates
that these represent a national undercount of 16%. See citation above. Major setting and race and ethnicity
obtained from AAPA.




                                                                                   New Mexico -- 101
   American Academy of Physician Assistants. 1999. Physician Assistants Statistics and Trends: 1991-1998.
     AAPA: Washington, D.C.

   Percentages presented for Physician Assistants represent survey respondents. Response rates for 1998 were
   59% among members and 21% among non-members.

   Data on chiropractors supplied by Richard A. Cooper, Health Policy Institute, Medical College of Wiscon-
   sin, Milwaukee. Source is the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, "Official Directory, Chiroprac-
   tic Licensure and Practice Statistics 1994-1998”.

   Data on podiatrists supplied by Richard A. Cooper, Health Policy Institute, Medical College of Wisconsin,
   Milwaukee. Source is the American Podiatric Medical Association, "Podiatric Guide to Geographical
   Location, State and National Provider Data, Podiatric Physicians Per 100,000 Population".

   Data on LPNs, dental hygienists, dental assistants, optometrists, pharmacists, pharmacy aides and techni-
   cians, psychologists, social workers, opticians, physical therapists, physical and corrective therapy assis-
   tants and aides, occupational therapists, occupational therapy assistants, respiratory therapists, speech-
   language pathologists and audiologists, emergency medical technicians, radiologic technologists, medical
   and clinical laboratory technicians and technologists, medical records technicians, dieticians and nutrition-
   ists, home health aides, and nursing aides, orderlies and attendants are from the Bureau of Labor Statistics'
   Occupational Employment Statistics. These data, both employment and wages, are survey-based estimates
   for nonfarm establishments and do not include self-employed individuals, owners and partners in unincorpo-
   rated firms, household workers, or unpaid family workers.

   National race and ethnicity, gender and place of work data for the health professions obtained from the
   Current Population Survey. See citation above.

   HEALTH PROFESSIONS          EDUCATION

   Data on medical school enrollment and graduates obtained from the Area Resource Training File produced
   by QRS, Inc., for the U.S. Health Resources and Services Administration (American Medical Association,
   American Osteopathic Association, American Association of Medical Colleges, and American Association
   of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine data), the Journal of the American Medical Association annual medical
   education issues, and the National Center for Education Statistics (IPEDS data).

   Office of Research and Planning, Bureau of Health Professions, Health Resources and Services Administra-
       tion, Department of Health and Human Services. 1999. Area Resource Training File: February 1999
       Release.

   American Medical Association. 1990. "Medical Schools in the United States". Journal of the American
     Medical Association Vol. 264. No. 7.

   American Medical Association. 1991. "Medical Schools in the United States". Journal of the American
     Medical Association Vol. 266. No. 7.

   American Medical Association. 1992. "Medical Schools in the United States". Journal of the American
     Medical Association Vol. 268. No. 9.

   American Medical Association. 1993. "Medical Schools in the United States". Journal of the American
     Medical Association Vol. 270. No. 9.

   American Medical Association. 1994. "Medical Schools in the United States". Journal of the American
     Medical Association Vol. 272. No. 9.




102 -- New Mexico
American Medical Association. 1995. "Medical Schools in the United States". Journal of the American
  Medical Association Vol. 274. No. 9.

American Medical Association. 1996. "Medical Schools in the United States". Journal of the American
  Medical Association Vol. 276. No. 9.

American Medical Association. 1997. "Medical Schools in the United States". Journal of the American
  Medical Association Vol. 278. No. 9.

American Medical Association. 1998. "Medical Schools in the United States". Journal of the American
  Medical Association Vol. 280. No. 9.

American Medical Association. 1999. "Medical Schools in the United States". Journal of the American
  Medical Association Vol. 282. No. 9.

American Medical Association. 2000. "Medical Schools in the United States". Journal of the American
  Medical Association Vol. 284. No. 9.

American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine. 2000. "State by State Summary of AOA
  Approved GME Programs in 1999-00".

U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics; "Integrated Postsecondary Educa-
   tion Data System - Completions 1996-97"; <http://nces.ed.gov/Ipeds/c9697/ >; (Final release: 23
   November 1999).

IPEDS data are for reporting postsecondary institutions in the U.S. and territories eligible to participate in
Title IV programs. Definitions are based on U.S. Department of Education Classification of Instruction
Programs (CIP 1990) codes for major fields of study.

Dental education data obtained from the Area Resource Training File produced by QRS, Inc., for the U.S.
Health Resources and Services Administration (American Dental Association data), except race, ethnicity
and gender obtained from the National Center for Education Statistics (IPEDS data - see citation above).

Pharmacy education data obtained from the Area Resource Training File produced by QRS, Inc., for the
U.S. Health Resources and Services Administration (American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy data),
except race, ethnicity and gender obtained from the National Center for Education Statistics (IPEDS data -
see citation above).

Data on RN, post-RN, LPN, dental hygienist, dental assistant, physician assistant, chiropractic, optometric,
podiatric, pharmacy technician-assistant, psychology, social work, opticianry, physical therapy, physical
therapy assistant, occupational therapy, occupational therapy assistant, respiratory therapy technician,
speech-language pathology and audiology, emergency medical technician, medical laboratory technician,
medical records technician, nuclear medical technician-technologist, and medical radiologic technician-
technologist education program degree recipients obtained from the National Center for Education Statistics
(IPEDS data - See citation above).




                                                                                    New Mexico -- 103
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
Health Resources and Services Administration
Bureau of Health Professions

								
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