thermal_syllabus by acc.ahmedkamal


									Semester I

3ME2101 VISCOUS FLUID FLOW                               LTPC
                                                         3 1 0 4
Review of basic concepts and fluid properties, basic laws of Fluid Motion, internal stresses and
external forces on fluid elements, Review of concepts of Kinematics of fluid motion, vorticity,
circulation, velocity potential and stream function, irrational flow.
Governing equations of fluid flow in differential form, Navier Stokes Equation and exact solutions,
energy equation and solution of fluid flow with thermal effects.
Dynamics of ideal fluid motion, applications, integrations of Euler’s Equation of Motion,
generalized form of Bernoulli Equation, potential flows, Principle of superposition.
Low Reynolds number approximation of Navier Stokes equation, creeping flow over sphere, Stokes
and Oseen approximation, Hydrodynamic Theory of Lubrication.
High Reynolds number approximation, Prandtl’s Boundary Layer Equations, Laminar Boundary
Layer over a flat plate, Blausius solution, Falkner-Skan solution, Approximate method for solution
of B.L. Equation, Momentum Integral methods, Holstein and Bohlen method, Thermal Boundary
layer, Reynolds Analogy.
Transition to turbulence, introduction to Theory of Hydrodynamic Stability, OrrSommerfield
equation, results from transition studies, factor affecting transition and its control.
Fundamental of turbulent flows, Reynolds stress tensor, Phenomenolgoical theories of turbulence,
Prandtl’s Mixing Length and Eddy Viscosity concepts, Universal Velocity distribution, Laws of the
Wall and the Wake.
Turbulent flows in two dimensional channel and pipes, velocity field. Smooth and rough pipes,
drag reduction in pipes, turbulent boundary layer over a flat plate, laws of drag over flat plates,
effect of pressure gradient, boundary layer control, Reynolds analogy for turbulent flow.
This shall consists of solution of examples based on above topics.

1. Viscous Fluid Flow by F.M. White, McGraw Hill Book Co.
2. Boundary Layer Theory by H. Schlichting, McGraw Hill Book Co.
3. Fluid Mechanics by F.M. White McGraw Hill Book Co.
4. Introduction to Fluid Mechanics by R.W. Fox and A.T. McDonald
5. Turbulent Flows in Engineering by A.J. Reynolds

3ME2102 MODELING OF THERMAL                         L TPC
SYSTEMS                                             3 0 0 3
Modeling overview: levels of analysis, steps in model development, examples of models.
Quantitative Techniques: Interpolation-polynomial, Langrangian, curve fitting, regression
analysis, solution of transcendental equations.
Systems Simulation: information flow diagram, solution of set of nonlinear algebraic equations,
successive substitution, Newton Raphson. Examples of thermal systems simulation.
Optimisation: Objectives/constraints, problem formulation. Unconstrained problems- Necessary &
Sufficiency conditions, Constrained Optimisation-langrange multipliers, constrained variations,
Kuhn-Tucker conditions, Linear Programming - Simplex tableau, pivoting, sensitivity analysis,
search techniques-Univariate/Multivariate. Case studies of optimisation in Thermal systems
Numerical solution of Differential equations-Overview, Convergence, Accuracy, Transient
analysis- application example.

1. Design of Thermal Systems by W.F. Stoecker, McGraw Hill

                                           Page 3 of 13
2.   Optimization theory and applications by S.S. Rao, Wiley Eastern
3.   Introductory methods of numerical analysis by S.S. Sastry, Prentice Hall
4.   Energy Systems Analysis for Developing Countries by P. Meier Springer Verlag
5.   Applied Systems Analysis by Neufville, McGraw Hill

3ME2103 ADVANCED HEAT TRANSFER                         LTPC
                                                       3 1 25
Transient heat conduction: Exact solution, Use of Heisler and Grober chart, integrated method.
Heat conduction with heat generation: plane wall and cylinder with uniform heat generation,
applications. Two-dimensional steady state conduction.
Extended surfaces: Steady state analysis and optimization, Radial fins of rectangular and
hyperbolic profiles- longitudinal fin of rectangular profile radiating to free space.
Thermal boundary layers: Momentum and energy equations, Internal and external flows, Forced
convection over cylinders, spheres and bank of tubes.
Heat transfer with phase change: condensation and boiling heat transfer, Heat transfer in
condensation, Effect of non-condensable gases in condensing equipments, film boiling correlations.
Radiation heat transfer: Review of radiation principles, Hottel’s method of successive reflections,
Gebhart’s unified method, Poljak’s method. Radiation exchange with emitting and absorbing gases.
Radiative exchange and overall heat transfer in furnaces.
Numerical methods in heat conduction.
Micro-scale heat transfer- basics with applications.

This shall consists of solution of examples based on above topics.

Laboratory Work
It will consists of experiments based on above syllabus.

1. Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer, Incropera, P.P. and Dewitt, D.P., Wiley Eastern
2. Analysis of Heat and Mass Transfer, Eckert and Drake, McGraw Hill.
3. Convective Heat Transfer, Adrian Bejan, Wiley India.
4. Convective Heat and Mass Transfer, Kays, Crawford and Weigand, McGraw Hill.
5. Thermal Radiation, Siegel and Howell, McGraw Hill.
6. Extended Surface Heat Transfer, Kraus, A.D., Aziz, A., and Welty, J., McGraw Hill
7. Heat Transfer Handbook, Edited by Adrian Bejan, Allan D. Krams, John Wiley & Sons.

 SYSTEMS                                                3 1 0 4
Basic concepts of energy analysis of thermal systems.
Basic exergy concepts: classification of forms of exergy, concepts of exergy, exergy concepts for
control volume, physical exergy, exergy concepts for closed systems analysis, non flow analysis
Elements of Plant Analysis: Control volume analysis, criterion for performance, pictorial
representation of exergy balance, exergy based property diagram.
Exergy Analysis in Process: Expansion process, compression process, heat transfer process,
mixing process, separation process, and combustion processes.
Energy and Exergy Analysis of gas turbine, steam power plant, captive power plant, combined
cycle power plant, refrigeration plant, heat exchanger.
This shall consists of solution of examples based on above topics.

                                            Page 4 of 13
1. Advance Thermodynamics for Engineers by Winterbore D. E., Arnold Publication
2. Power Plant Engineering- Steam and Nuclear by Nag, P.K., TMH Publication
3. Thermodynamics by Nag, P.K., TMH Publication
4. Advanced Thermodynamics by Wark, McGraw Hill
5. Advanced Thermodynamics by Adrian Bejan, Wiley Publications
6. Thermal Design and Optimization by Adrian Bejan, Wiley Publications

3ME21E5 Elective I

3ME2115 REFRIGERATION ENGINEERING                       L TPC
                                                        30 0 3
Refrigerants: Eco-friendly refrigerants and their properties, secondary refrigerants, mixture of
Compound compression systems: Analysis of cycles with flash chamber, water cooler and flash
inter cooler.
Multiple evaporator systems: Analysis of evaporators with individual expansion valve with and
without flash inter cooling, analysis of various types of cascade systems.
Absorption refrigeration: Analysis of ammonia-water and LiBr–water vapour absorption
refrigeration systems with h-x charts and mass concentration equilibrium charts, two stage vapour
absorption refrigeration systems.
Air cycle refrigeration: Analysis of various cycles and their applications
Steam jet refrigeration: Analysis on h-s diagram, performance, control, various applications
Thermo–electric refrigeration: Thermoelectric effects, analysis of thermoelectric cooling
Preservation and processing of foods by use of refrigeration, design of refrigeration systems for
transport refrigeration, walk in coolers and cold storages for different applications

1. Refrigeration and Air-conditioning by C P Arora , TMH Publication
2. Thermal Environmental Engineering by Threlked, Wiley Eastern
3. Refrigeration and Air-conditioning by Stoecker, TMH Publication
4. Refrigeration and Air-conditioning by Manohar Prasad, New Age Publication
5. Refrigeration and Air-conditioning by Jordan and Priester, McGraw Hill
6. ASHRAE Hand Book, Refrigeration, ASHRAE
7. Industrial Refrigeration Hand Book by Stoecker, McGraw Hill

3ME2125 SI ENGINES                                       L TPC
                                                         30 0 3
Thermo-chemistry of fuel air mixture: Combustion stoichiometry, enthalpy of formation,
adiabatic flame temperature, chemically reacting gas mixture.
Properties of working fluid: Unburned mixture composition, thermodynamic charts, computer
routines for properties and composition calculation.
Gas exchange processes: volumetric efficiency, flow through poppet valve, scavenging,
supercharging, and turbo charging.
SI engine fuel metering and manifold phenomena: SI engine mixture requirements, fuel
injection systems, flow past throttle plate, flow in intake manifold.
Combustion in SI engine: Essential feature of the process, thermodynamic analysis of SI engine
combustion, flame structure and flame speed, cyclic variation in combustion, abnormal combustion.
Alternate fuels for SI engine.

1. Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals by J B Heywood: McGraw Hill

                                          Page 5 of 13
2. Internal Combustion Engine by V. Ganesan, McGraw Hill
3. Internal Combustion Engine by Taylor and Taylor: McGraw Hill

3ME2135 DESIGN OF THERMAL TURBO                         LT PC
MACHINES                                                3 0 0 3
Definition and classification of turbomachines, principles of operation, specific work and its
representation on T-s and h-s diagrams, losses and efficiencies, energy transfer in turbomachines,
Euler equation of turbomachinery.
Steam turbines - flow through nozzles, nozzle design, Flow mechanism through the impeller,
velocity triangles, ideal and actual flows, slip and its estimation, degree of reaction, impulse and
reaction stages, efficiency of multistage turbine, effect of wetness on performance, choice of blade
angles and blade height, estimation of various losses such as, nozzle losses, blade friction losses,
disc friction losses, partial admission losses, etc.
Two dimensional cascade- cascade nomenclature, analysis of cascade forces, energy losses,
performance of two dimensional cascade.
Two dimensional theory-axial turbine- velocity triangles, thermodynamics, stage losses and
efficiency, stage reaction, choice of reaction and effect on efficiency, flow characteristics.
Combined cycle power plant- dual pressure and triple pressure heat recovery systems.

1. Turbines, Compressors and Fans, by Yahya, S. M., Tata McGraw-Hill
2. Steam Turbine Theory and Practice, by Kearton, W.J., CBS press
3. Principles of Turbo Machinery, by Shepherd, D. G., Macmillan Publishing
4. Company
5. Theory of Turbo Machines, Csanady, G. T., McGraw-Hill
6. Fluid Mechanics, Thermodynamics of Turbo machinery, Dixon, S. L., Pergamon

3ME2145 ENERGY CONSERVATION AND                      LTPC
AUDIT                                                30 0 3
Energy Scenario: Basics of Energy and its various forms, Energy Management and Audit,
Material and Energy Balance, Energy Action Planning, Financial Management, Project
Management, Energy Monitoring and Targeting, Global Environmental Concerns.
Energy Efficiency in Thermal Utilities, Fuels and Combustion-Boilers-Steam System, Furnaces,
Insulation and Refractory, FBC Boilers, Cogeneration, Waste heat recovery.
Energy Efficiency in Electrical Utilities, Electrical Systems, Electric Motors, Compressed Air
System, HVAC and Refrigeration System, Fans and Blowers, Pumps and Pumping System,
Cooling Tower, Lighting System, Diesel Generating System, Energy Efficient Technologies in
Electrical Systems.
Energy Performance Assessment for Equipment and Utility systems, Boilers, Furnaces,
Cogeneration, Turbines (Gas, Steam), Heat Exchangers, Electric Motors and Variable Speed
Drives, Fans and Blowers, Water Pumps, Compressors.
HVAC Systems, Lighting Systems, Performing Financial Analysis, Applications of Non-
Conventional and Renewable Energy Sources, Waste Minimization and Resource Conservation.

1. Energy Management WR Murpy and G Mcay , Pub Elsevier Science, New Delhi 2007
2. Energy Conservation Techniques for Engineers, Zackrison, H.B. Pub Van Nostrand Reinhold
3. Energy Management and Conservation – Patrick,D.R. Fardo, S.W Publishers PHI.
4. Energy Management Handbook, 6th Edition W.C.Turner.
5. Guide to energy Management, 5th Edition, Barney L. Capehart, WG Kennedy, W.C. Turner.
6. Industrial Energy Conservation by Melwin, H. C., Publisher Marcel Dekker Inc.

                                           Page 6 of 13
7. Guide Book for National Certification Examination for Energy Managers and Energy Auditors,
   Bureau of Energy Efficiencies, 2005.

3ME2155 INSTRUMENTATION FOR                           LT PC
ENGINEERS                                             3 0 0 3
Significance of Measurement and Instrumentation: Introduction; generalized configuration and
functional stages of measuring systems. The transducer and its environment; an overview; sensing
process and physical laws.
Types of measurement problems, Transducer classification and their modeling; Information,
Energy and Incremental Models; Characteristics of instruments, design and selection of
components of a measuring system.
Dynamic Response of Instruments: Mathematical model of a measuring system, response of
general form of instruments to various test inputs; time-domain and frequency domain analysis.
Elementary transfer functions and Bode plots of general transfer functions.
Errors in Measurement and its Analysis: Causes and types of experimental errors; systematic
and random errors. Uncertainty analysis; computation of overall uncertainty; estimation for design
and selection for alternative test methods.
Transducers and Transduction Principles: Developments in sensors, detectors and transducer
technology; displacement transducers; force, torque and motion sensors; piezoelectric transducers;
capacitive type transducers; Strain gage transducers; accelerometers, pressure transducers based on
elastic effect of volume and connecting tubing.
Data acquisition and Signal Processing: Systems for data acquisition and processing; modules
and computerized data system; digitization rate, time and frequency domain representation of
signals, and Nyquist criterion.
Flow measurement: Flow visualization, shadowgraph; schlieren and interferometric techniques;
Pilot static tubes; hot wire anemometers; Laser Doppler velometer; flow measurements using
coriolis effect.
Temperature and Heat Flux Measurement: Thermoelectric sensor; electric resistance sensor;
thermistors; radiations pyrometer; Temperature measuring problem in flowing fluids, dynamic

1 Measurement System Application and Design by Doebelin, McGraw Hill Publication.
2 Experimental Methods for Engineers by Holman J.P., McGraw Hill Publication.
3 Transducers in Mechanical and Electronic Design by Harry L. Trietly, Marcel Dekker.
4 Data Acquisition for Signal Analysis by Yuen, John Wiley and Sons.
5 Mechanical Measurements (Fifth Edition) by Beckwith, Marangoni and Lienhard, Addision
6 Measurement in Heat Transfer by Eckert and Goldstein, McGraw Hill Publication.
7 Fluid Mechanics Measurement by Goldstein, Hemisphere

3ME2106 SEMINAR                                       LTPC
                                                      0 0 2 1
Aim of the seminar is to prepare the students for literature survey for their major M Tech project.
The student will prepare a seminar report on relevant topics and will present the same.

ENGINEERS                                        2 2 0 0
1. Communication Skills: Communication cycle, types and flows of Communication, barriers to

                                           Page 7 of 13
2. Listening Skills: Types of listening, Barriers to effective listening, tips to improve listening
3. Business Communication: Types of Letters and format, complaint letters and letters of regret
    and adjustment, Agenda and minutes of meeting, types of memo and Resume and job
4. Speaking Skills: Presentations, Group Discussion, Personal Interview, Seminar Presentation
5. Summarizing technical material.
6. Writing research papers.
7. Writing Business Proposal
8. Assertive & Negotiation Skills
9. Business Etiquettes
10. Report Writing

1. Basic Communication Skills for Technology – Andrea J Rutherford (Person)
2. Technical Writing Process and Product – Shron J. Gerson (Person)
3. Business Communication, Lesiker and Petit: MCGraw Hill Publications, 1995
4. Business Correspondence and Report Writing – R.C. Sharma, Krishna Mohan (Tata McGraw)

Semester II

3ME2201 GAS DYNAMICS                                  LTPC
                                                      3 1 0 4
Review of fundamentals: Types of flows, concepts of continuum and control volume, generalized
continuity, momentum and energy equations, velocity of sound and its importance, physical
difference between incompressible, subsonic and supersonic flows, three reference speeds,
dimensionless velocity M*, concepts of static and stagnation parameters.
One dimensional isentropic flow: General features, working equations, choking in Isentropic flow,
operation of nozzles and diffusers under varying pressure ratios, performance of real nozzles,
applications of isentropic flow.
Normal shocks: Introductory remarks, governing equations, Rankine–Hugonout, Prandtl and other
relations, weak shocks, thickness of shocks, normal shocks in ducts, performance of convergent-
divergent nozzle with shocks, moving shock waves, shocks problems in one dimensional
supersonics diffuser, supersonic pilot tube.
Flow in constant area duct with friction: Governing equations, working formulas and tables,
choking due to friction, performance of long ducts, isothermal flow in long ducts, flow in constant
area duct with heating and cooling.
Generalized one dimensional flow: Working equations, general method of solution, example of
combined friction and area change, example of combined friction and heat transfer.
Multidimensional flow: Equation of continuity, Navier stock equation, potential flow, Method of
Dimensional analysis and similitude: Buckingham pai theorem, Van driest theorem, Dimensional
analysis, model study, compressible flow of viscous fluids.
Rarefied gas dynamics: Knudsen number, sleep flow, transition and free molecular flow
Forces on submerged bodies: Forces exerted by flowing fluid on a stationary body, drag, lift for
different objects like sphere, cylinder, development of lift on a circular cylinder, development of lift
on aerofoil.
This shall consists of solution of examples based on above topics

1. Fundamentals of Compressible Flow by S.M. Yahya, New Age

                                             Page 8 of 13
2. Gas Dynamics by Ali Campbell & Lenning
3. Gas Dynamics by Radha Krishnan , PHI

3ME2202 DESIGN OF HEAT EXCHANGERS                    LT PC
                                                     3 0 2 4
Classification of heat exchangers, basic design methods for heat exchangers, design of tube in tube
and shell and tube heat exchangers, TEMA code, power plant heat exchangers, heat exchangers for
heat recovery at low, medium and high temperatures, computerized methods for design and
analysis of heat exchangers, compact heat exchangers, principles of boiler design, codes for
mechanical design of heat exchangers, performance enhancement of heat exchangers, fouling of
heat exchangers, testing, evaluation and maintenance of heat exchangers.

Laboratory Work
It will consists of experiments based on above syllabus

1. Heat Exchanger Selection, Rating and Thermal Design by Sadik, Kakac, CRC Press
2. Compact Heat Exchangers by Kays W. M. & London, A.L., McGraw Hill
3. Heat Exchangers by Martin H., Hemisphere Pub.
4. Heat Exchanger Design Hand Book by Schunder E.U., Hemisphere Pub.
5. Process Heat transfer by Donald Q Kern, McGraw Hill
6. Process Heat Transfer by Hewitt, G. F. & Shires, G. L. CRC Pres

3ME2203 COMPUTATIONAL FLUID                            LT PC
DYNAMICS                                               3 0 4 5
Partial differential equations; computational economy; numerical stability; validation of numerical
results; iterative convergence, condition for convergence, rate of convergence; under and over
relaxations, termination of iteration; tridiagonal matrix algorithm; discretization, Taylor’s series
approach, polynomial fitting approach; discretization error

Steady one and two dimensional conduction in Cartesian coordinates; dealing with Dirichlet,
Neumann, and Robins type boundary conditions; formation of discritized equations for regular and
irregular boundaries and interfaces; grid generation methods; adaptive grids

One-, two, and three-dimensional transient heat conduction problems– explicit, implicit, stability
criterion, conservation form and conservative property of partial differential and finite difference
equations; consistency, stability and convergence for marching problems

Finite volume method for diffusion and convection–diffusion problems, discretization of equation
for two-dimension, false diffusion; computation of the flow field using stream function–vorticity
formulation; SIMPLE, and MAC algorithms, solution algorithms for pressure–velocity coupling in
steady flows.

Turbulent flow modelling.

Laboratory Work
It will consist of laboratory assignments/case studies based on above syllabus and modelling
using CFD software.

1. Computational Fluid Dynamics: The Basics with Application by John D Anderson, Mc Graw
   Hill Book Company.

                                           Page 9 of 13
2. Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow by Suhas V. Patankar, Hemisphere Publishing Co.
3. Computational Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer, 2nd Edition, by Tannehill, J. C., Anderson J.
   D and R. H. Pletcher, Taylor & Francis.
4. Computational Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer, Muraleedhar, K. and T. Sundararaja, T., Narosa
   Publishing House.
5. An Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics: The Finite Volume Method, Versteeg, H.
   K. & W. Malalasekera, W., Addison Wesley – Longman.

3ME2204 ENERGY ECONOMICS AND                               LTPC
MANAGEMENT                                                 3 1 04

Energy Economics: Overview of World Energy Scenario, Overview of India`s Energy Scenario,
Energy Management: Importance of energy management, Country Energy Balance Construction –
Examples, Trends in energy use patterns, Energy Economics - Simple Payback Period, Time Value
of Money, IRR, NPV, Life Cycle Costing, Cost of Saved Energy, Cost of Energy generated,
Examples from energy generation and conservation, Energy Chain, Primary energy analysis Life
Cycle Assessment, Net Energy Analysis.
Steam Systems: Boiler -efficiency testing, excess air control, Steam distribution & use- steam
traps, condensate recovery, flash steam utilization, Thermal Insulation.
Energy conservation in Pumps, Fans (flow control), Compressed Air Systems, Refrigeration & Air
conditioning systems.
Waste heat recovery: Recuperators, heat pipes, heat pumps, Cogeneration - concept, options
(steam / gas turbines / diesel engine based), selection criteria, control strategy.
Heat exchanger networking: concept of pinch, target setting, problem table approach, composite
curves. Demand side management. Financing energy conservation.
This shall consists of solution of examples based on above topics

1. Industrial Energy Management and Utilisation by Witte.L.C., Schmidt, P.S., Brown,.R.,
   Hemisphere Publ, Washington
2. Industrial Energy Conservation Manuals, MIT Press
3. Energy Management and Conservation Frank Kreith and D Yogi Goswami Handbook CRC
4. TERI hand book on Energy Conservation
5. Energy and the Environment by Fowler, J.M., McGraw Hill

3ME22E5 Elective II

3ME2215 AIR CONDITIONING                                LTPC
ENGINEERING                                             3 0 03
Applied psychrometry: summer and winter air conditioning
Cooling load calculation: design condition, Calculation of transmission load, fenestration load,
infiltration and ventilation load, internal load using CLTD method
Duct design: static and dynamic loss, duct design using equal friction method, velocity reduction
and static regain methods in brief
Air distribution: factors affecting grille performance, selection of outlets using nomographs, tables
and line charts
Air handling systems: fan laws, testing of fans as per various standards, selection of fans
Air conditioning systems: features of air conditioning systems and selection of appropriate air
conditioning system for different applications
Thermal comfort: Human thermo-regulation, environmental indices, IAQ, human comfort.

                                           Page 10 of 13
Cooling towers: construction, working, performance, testing.
Evaporative cooler: Performance of desert cooler and air washer, testing as per BIS
Air conditioning controls: Characteristics of HVAC noise, acoustical rating systems and different
criteria for noise rating, noise control methods

1. Refrigeration and Air-conditioning by C P Arora , TMH Publication
2. Thermal Environmental Engineering by Threlked, Wiley Eastern
3. Hand Book of Air Conditioning Systems Design by Carrier Corporation, McGraw Hill
4. Air Conditioning Principles and Systems by Pita, Pearson Education
5. ASHRAE Handbook, Systems and Equipments, ASHRAE
6. Handbook of Air Conditioning and Refrigeration by Wang, McGraw Hill
7. Air Conditioning Applications and Design by Jones, Arnold

3ME2225 CI ENGINE                                    LTPC
                                                     3 0 03
Ideal models of engine cycles: Thermodynamic relations for engine processes, cycle analysis with
ideal gas working fluid with Cp and Cv constant, Fuel- air cycle analysis, availability analysis of
engine processes. Charge motion within the cylinder: Mean velocity and turbulence characteristics,
swirl, squish, crevice flow and blowby, flow generated by piston- cylinder wall interaction
Combustion in CI engine: Essential features of the processes Analysis of cylinder pressure data,
fuel spray behavior, ignition delay
CI Engine simulation: Phenomenological modeling of CI engine, Simulation with progressive
combustion, simulation of gas exchange process, correlation for heat transfer, friction losses, and
turbulence intensity

1. Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals by J B Heywood: McGraw Hill International
2. Internal Combustion Engine Modeling by Ramos: McGraw Hill
3. Computer Simulation of CI Engine Processes by V Ganesan, Universities Press

3ME2235 HEAT EXCHANGER NETWORK                         LTPC
SYNTHESIS                                              3 0 03
Introduction: Energy Targeting, Role of thermodynamic laws, Problem table Algorithm,
Minimum utility requirements, Concept of Pinch, Grand Composite Curves (GCC), Area targeting,
Unit targeting, Shell targeting, Cost targeting, Super targeting or ∆Tmin optimization, Targeting for
multiple utilities, Overall logic for pinch technology
Continuous Targeting: The Pinch Tableau Algorithm, Topology Traps and Sensitivity Thresholds,
Diverse pinch for different heat exchanger conditions, Overall logic for continuous targeting
Network Evaluation: Loop breaking and path relaxation, exchanger reduction by eliminating
loops, eliminating units by bypass, cost evaluation of network
Retrofitting: Retrofit by inspection, Targeting based on constant h- values, crisscross principle,
retrofit design for constant ∆P- values

1. Heat Exchanger Network Synthesis: by Shenoy U V., Process Optimization by Energy and
   Resource Analysis, Gulf Pub. Co., Houston, Texas.
2. User Guide on Process Integration for the Efficient Use of Energy, by Linhoff, B. Townsend,
   D.W., Boland, D., Hewitt, G.F., Thomas, B.E.A., Guy, A.R., Marsland. R.H., Pergamon Press,
   Institute of Chemical Engineers, U S A

                                           Page 11 of 13
3ME2245 COMBUSTION                                  LTPC
                                                    3 0 03
Combustion and Thermo Chemistry: ideal gas mixture, absolute enthalpy, enthalpy of formation,
latent heat of vaporization, reactant and product mixture, stiochiometry, adiabatic flame
temperature, chemical equilibrium and equilibrium products of combustion.
Mass transfer: mass transfer laws and species conservation
Chemical Kinetics: global and elementary reactions, elementary reaction rates, rates of reaction
for multi step mechanisms, reaction mechanisms
Chemical and Thermal Reaction Systems: fixed mass reactor, well stirred reactor and plug flow
General Governing Equations for Reacting Flows: mass conservation, species conservation,
momentum conservation, energy conservation
Laminar Premixed Flames: 1D propagating flame and flame speed, quenching, flammability,
ignition and blow off7
Laminar Non-premixed (Diffusion) Flames: jet flames, burke-schumann solution, soot formation
Droplet Combustion: droplet evaporation, droplet combustion, simple 1-D analysis for multiphase
Turbulent Premixed Flames: turbulent flame speed, structure of turbulent premixed flames, flame
regimes, flame stabilization
Solid Combustion: burning of carbon, coal and other solid combustion
Pollutant Emissions and Control: Effect of pollutants, quantification of emissions, emissions
from premixed and non premixed flame combustion and its control.

1. An introduction to combustion by Stephen R. Turns
2. Fundamentals of combustion by D. P. Mishra
3. Principles of combustion by K. K. Kuo

3ME2255 THERMAL INSULATIONS AND                         LTPC
DESIGN                                                  3 0 03
Role of insulation in saving of energy
Thermal insulation: Classification of insulation based on different criteria, salient features of
different insulation, important properties of insulation, factors affecting thermal conductivity of
insulations, weather barriers and vapour barriers, testing of insulation for determining important
properties of insulation.
Concept of thermal resistance, total thermal resistance, over all heat transfer coefficient for
composite slab, pipes, critical radius of insulation - criteria for selection of insulation for different
application, optimization of insulation, design of insulation for different application.
Thermal insulation in buildings: case studies of energy saving by the use of insulation, study of
insulation system of different application – cold storage power plants, dairy, chemical plants,
refineries, petrochemical industries, LNG storage, cryocontainers, cryogen transfer lines.
Different methods for determining thermal conductivity of insulations, their relative merits.
1. Thermal Insulations of buildings by Paul Dunham Close, Reinhol Pub. Corporation.
2. Thermal and Accoustic Insulations by R. M. E. Diamant, Butter Worth Pub.

3SP1203 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY                         LTPC
                                                     2 1 0 0
Introduction: Objective of research, motivation in research, types of research, interdisciplinary
research, scientific methods of research, criteria of good research, characteristics of a good

                                             Page 12 of 13
Defining Research Problem: Art of literature review, user of ICT in effective literature review,
formulation of problem, formulation of hypothesis, developing research plan, meaning of research
design, types of research design, basic principles of experimental design, selection of relevant
variables, validity of experiments.
Data Collection and Utilization: Types of data, methods & techniques of data collection,
sampling, characteristic of a good sample design, methods used in sampling, sampling errors, tests
of hypothesis.
Quantitative Methods: Data presentation, statistical analysis and interpretation of data, types of
analysis, simple regression analysis, correlation, coefficient of determination (r2), z-test, t-test,
ANOVA, Chi-square test, multi-variate analysis of data, multiple regression.
Computer Application: Role of computer in research, data organization, software selection and its
applications, solving problems by using scientific software & tools, sample programmes for
analysis of data.
Thesis Writing and Presentation: Significance of writing thesis, different types of research
writing; conference paper, journal paper, patents, thesis etc., different steps in writing thesis, layout
of thesis, guidelines for writing good thesis, precautions in writing thesis, presentations skills,
defending the thesis.

1. Research Methodology: Methods & Techniques by C R Kothari, 2e, Wishwa Publication, New
2. Research Methodology by D K Bhattacharyya, 1 e, Excel Books, New Delhi, 2003
3. How to Research by Loraine Blaxter, Christina Hughes and Molcolm Tight, Viva Books Pvt.
   Ltd., New Delhi
4. Writing Your Thesis by Paul Oliver, Vistaar Pulication, New Delhi, 2006
5. The Research Student’s Guide to Success by Pat Cryer, Viva Books Pvt Ltd., New Delhi

Semester III

TIME                                                   0 0 0 15
The Major Part I is aimed at training the students to analyze independently any problem in the field
of Thermal Engineering. The project may be analytical or computational or experimental or
combination of them based on the latest developments in the said area. At the end of the semester,
the students will be required to submit detailed report. The Major Project Part I should consists of
objectives of study, scope of work, critical literature review of the Major Project and preliminary
work pertaining to the said work.

Semester IV

TIME                                                     0 0 0 15
Major Project Part II is a continuation of the work done by the student during semester III. The
student is required to submit thesis as a partial fulfillment of the M. Tech degree. The thesis should
consist of detailed study of the problem under taken, concluding remarks and scope of future work,
if any. The project report (thesis) is expected to show clarity of thought and expression, critical
appreciation of the existing literature and analytical, computational and experimental aptitude of the

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