Sayings about women in history
For most of history, anonymous was a
woman. (Virginia Woolf)
Women are the only exploited group in
history to have been idealized into
powerlessness. (Erica Jong)
Anyone who knows anything of history knows
that great social changes are impossible
without feminine upheaval. (Karl Marx)
The word “woman”
< late O.E. wimman (pl. wimmen), lit.
"woman-man," alteration of wifman (pl.
wifmen), a compound of wif "woman" + man
"human being" (in O.E. used in ref. to both
The Biblical story (Genesis)
And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our
likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the
sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and
over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that
creepeth upon the earth.
So God created man in his [own] image, in the image of
God created he him; male and female created he them.
And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be
fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue
it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over
the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that
moveth upon the earth.
And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb
bearing seed, which [is] upon the face of all the earth,
and every tree, in the which [is] the fruit of a tree yielding
seed; to you it shall be for meat.
And the LORD God formed man [of] the dust of the
ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life;
and man became a living soul.
And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden;
and there he put the man whom he had formed.
And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the
garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.
And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of
every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat:
But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou
shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof
thou shalt surely die.
And the LORD God said, [It is] not good that the man
should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.
And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to
fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one
of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead
And the rib, which the LORD God had taken
from man, made he a woman, and brought her
unto the man.
And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones,
and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called
Woman, because she was taken out of Man.
Therefore shall a man leave his father and his
mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and
they shall be one flesh.
The traditional roles of women
Domestic: women’s place is in the home
As housewives: Cooking, taking care of her
As maids, governess, teachers
There is a belief that women and men are, and have
been, treated differently by our society, and that
women have frequently and systematically been
unable to participate fully in all social arenas and
And there is a desire to change that situation.
That this gives a "new" point-of-view on society,
when eliminating old assumptions about why things
are the way they are, and looking at it from the
perspective that women are not inferior and men are
not "the norm."
Feminism is an ideology focusing on the
social, political, and economic equality of the
It comprises a number of social, cultural and
political movements and theories.
A person whose beliefs and behavior are
based on feminism is called a feminist.
Reading comprehension (skimming)
Women in education
Many educators and parents believed that the
elimination of sex bias in schools is absolutely
necessary in order for women to achieve equality in
Before the middle of 1970’s, …
Title IX of the Education Amendment
Much inequality in the education of women still
remains, and enforcement of Title IX is still a
Women in sports
Women’s participation in sports is growing
The days when people thought it wasn’t
feminine are gone.
Girls can get just as much benefit out of
sports as boys can:
Building physical endurance and
coordination skills, perseverance, teamwork,
leadership skills, etc.
Women in media
It is common for the media to portray men
and women in stereotyped ways.
This problem is serious for feminists, for
media have a tremendous influence on
Women are still been portrayed as
housewives or sex objects.
There have been changes, however, as
feminists work to overcome this stereotyping.
noun verb adjective adverb
occupation occupy occupational occupationally
segregation segregate segregated
discrimination discriminate discriminatory discriminatorily
enforcement enforce enforceable enforceably
exclusion exclude exclusive exclusively
perseverance persevere persevering perseveringly
conviction convict convictive convictively
amendment amend amendable
superficiality superficialize superficial superficially
spectator spectate spectatorial
property domestic suit permitted excluded
lacked belonged determined husband wages
acceptable claims legal make divorce