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					Francis Bacon
             Francis Bacon
              (1561-1626)
   I. Francis Bacon---the founder of
    English Materialist Philosophy
   If it is taken granted that the
    imaginative powers of literary
    creation of English Renaissance found
    their expression in the poetry of
    Edmund Spenser and in the drama of
    Shakespeare, the intellectual energy
    of this age showed itself in the
    achievement of Francis Bacon as the
    founder of English materialist
    philosophy.
II. Francis Bacon---the founder of
    modern science in England
   1. Advancement of Learning(1605)
    This was planned a vast work, but actually
    only fragments were written. It began with
    a survey of the accomplishments of science
    up to his time and an examination of the
    reasons why it has not achieved more.
   2. New Instrument(1620)
   It is a statement of what is called the
    Inductive Method of Reasoning, that is,
    collect and study the facts of this great
    world first, and then, base your reasoning
    and conclusion on those facts.
      III. Francis Bacon---the first
             English Essayist
    Bacon is famous not only for his philosophical
    works, but also famous for his Essays. In 1597
    he published a collection of 10 essays, later it
    increased to 58,covering a wide variety of
    subjects, such as love, truth, friendship, parents
    and children, beauty, studies, death, etc. They
    have won great popularity for their precision,
    clearness, brevity and force.
   Many of his sentences have become wise old
    sayings:
   Men fear death as children fear to go in the dark.
   Studies serve for delight.
   Reading makes a full man; conference a ready
    man; and writing an exact man.
              Of Studies
   In this piece of essay, Bacon talks
    about the uses and ways of studies.
   On the one hand, he insists on the
    importance of studies, while on the
    other, he emphasizes that studies
    must go hand in hand with
    experience and observation towards
    nature.
       Points for discussion
   1. Studies serve for delight, for
    ornament, and for ability.
   2. To spend too much time in studies
    is sloth.
   3. Some books are to be tasted,
    others to be swallowed, and some
    few to be chewed and digested;
   4. Reading makes a full man;

				
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posted:4/25/2012
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