I. Francis Bacon---the founder of
English Materialist Philosophy
If it is taken granted that the
imaginative powers of literary
creation of English Renaissance found
their expression in the poetry of
Edmund Spenser and in the drama of
Shakespeare, the intellectual energy
of this age showed itself in the
achievement of Francis Bacon as the
founder of English materialist
II. Francis Bacon---the founder of
modern science in England
1. Advancement of Learning(1605)
This was planned a vast work, but actually
only fragments were written. It began with
a survey of the accomplishments of science
up to his time and an examination of the
reasons why it has not achieved more.
2. New Instrument(1620)
It is a statement of what is called the
Inductive Method of Reasoning, that is,
collect and study the facts of this great
world first, and then, base your reasoning
and conclusion on those facts.
III. Francis Bacon---the first
Bacon is famous not only for his philosophical
works, but also famous for his Essays. In 1597
he published a collection of 10 essays, later it
increased to 58,covering a wide variety of
subjects, such as love, truth, friendship, parents
and children, beauty, studies, death, etc. They
have won great popularity for their precision,
clearness, brevity and force.
Many of his sentences have become wise old
Men fear death as children fear to go in the dark.
Studies serve for delight.
Reading makes a full man; conference a ready
man; and writing an exact man.
In this piece of essay, Bacon talks
about the uses and ways of studies.
On the one hand, he insists on the
importance of studies, while on the
other, he emphasizes that studies
must go hand in hand with
experience and observation towards
Points for discussion
1. Studies serve for delight, for
ornament, and for ability.
2. To spend too much time in studies
3. Some books are to be tasted,
others to be swallowed, and some
few to be chewed and digested;
4. Reading makes a full man;