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					                     ICT in Arts and Humanities Research




e-Science in the Arts and Humanities

            7 July 2006
                                    ICT in Arts and Humanities Research




ICT in Arts and Humanities Research Programme
• includes the creative and performing arts
    – practice-led research
• £3.8m for 5 years from October 2003
• Part of a uniquely centralized system of public support for ICT
   in the arts and humanities
    – but precarious...
                                    ICT in Arts and Humanities Research



Existing provision
• AHRC Research Panels
    – Up to 2003, about 50% of £100m of research projects have
      some kind of digital output and/or input
    – What kind of projects?
• Support services funded by AHRC and JISC
    – Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS)
        • creation, curation, preservation, and on-line
          dissemination of digitised research materials
    – Resource Discovery Network (RDN: now Intute)
        • gateways for the discovery of online resources
                                    ICT in Arts and Humanities Research




ICT Programme’s aims:
• to build capacity nation-wide in the use of ICT for arts and
   humanities research
    – complementing existing provision
• to develop, promote and monitor the AHRC's ICT strategy
    – later...
• strong infrastructure in place on which to build up e-Science
   activities
    – despite arriving at the table very late
                                      ICT in Arts and Humanities Research



Main activities:
• ICT Methods Network: £1m for 3 years from April 2005
   – use of advanced ICT methods
• Projects and methods database (with support from JISC)
   – methods taxonomy
   – will be part of a unified on-line resource: ICTGuides (AHDS)
       • including training materials at all levels
       • register of experts
       • list of centres
• ICT Strategy Projects (£1m)
   – knowledge-gathering: needs, uses, scoping surveys
   – resource-development
       • Problems of funding tools development
                                      ICT in Arts and Humanities Research




AHRC-JISC Arts and Humanties e-Science Initiative (EPSRC?)
• e-Science vs e-Research
   – Oxymoron?
• Agenda rather than a methodology, still less a subject
• As developed in the natural sciences and technology
   – Infrastructure of advanced technologies for collaboration and
     resource-sharing across the Internet
                                   ICT in Arts and Humanities Research




AHRC-JISC Arts and Humanties e-Science Initiative
• Grid technologies
   – Computational grid
   – Data grid
   – Access grid
• Associated technologies
   – Visualization
   – Data mining
   – Security
                                         ICT in Arts and Humanities Research



e-Science
• Why is it important for the humanities?
    – Money
         • tools and generic resource development
    – Injection of new technologies
         • collaborations between computer scientists and arts and
           humanities researchers
    – Dispersed and heterogenous nature of typical humanities data
       resource
         • the typical AHRC-funded resource
    – Not an instant solution
         • Combination of top-down and bottom-up developments to integrate
           resources
    – But not just the data grid
                                  ICT in Arts and Humanities Research



AHRC-JISC Arts and Humanties e-Science Initiative
• Now
   – Scoping survey (later)
   – JISC A&H e-Science Support Centre (King’s: 2006-8)
       • based in AHDS and Methods Network
   – AHRC A&H e-Science Research Workshops
   – EPSRC e-Science demonstrators
• This Summer/Autumn
   – six 4-year AHRC e-Science postgraduate studentships.
   – AHRC-JISC e-Science research projects (£1.2m +
     EPSRC?)
       • varying emphasis on tools development and research
         findings
                                     ICT in Arts and Humanities Research



AHRC-JISC Arts and Humanties e-Science Initiative
• Scoping survey: Scoping e-science and e-social science
  developments and their value to the arts and humanities
  (Sheila Anderson, King’s College London)
   – Identify, collate and analyse information on e-science
     technologies, projects and outputs
   – Match these against methods and challenges in the arts
     and humanities – series of expert seminars
   – Create an on-line information base for consultation by arts
     and humanities scholars
• Draft report end July
• Final report mid-August
                                    ICT in Arts and Humanities Research




Expert Seminars on….
• Library and Information Studies
• Archaeology
• Literary and Textual Studies
• History
• Visual Arts
• Performing Arts
• Linguistics and Languages
                                ICT in Arts and Humanities Research



Workshops in e-Science for the Arts and Humanities
•   Alan Bowman        User Requirements Gathering for the
                       Humanities
•   Paul Ell           Geographical Information System e-
                       Science: developing a roadmap
•   Angela Piccini     Performativity/Place/Space: Locating
                       Grid Technologies
•   David Shepherd     The Access Grid in Collaborative Arts
                       and Humanities Research
•   Gregory Sporton    Building the Wireframe: E-Science for
                       the Arts Infrastructure
•   Melissa Terras     ReACH: Researching e-Science
                       Analysis of Census Holdings
                                     ICT in Arts and Humanities Research




Workshops in e-Science for the Arts and Humanities
•   Melissa Terras         ReACH: Researching e-Science
                           Analysis of Census Holdings

    – cross dataset searching (across complex and fuzzy data)
      and developing a configurable tool to undertake record
      matching
        • not merely limited to historians and census material
        • physicists and astrophysicists working on the
          Astrogrid
            – to track and trace different entities in space
               across massive datasets
                                   ICT in Arts and Humanities Research




e-Science Demonstrators (EPSRC)
•   Peter Ainsworth   Virtual Vellum: Online Viewing
                      Envionment for the Grid and Live
                      Audiences
•   Charles           A Virtual Workspace for the Study of
    Crowther          Ancient Documents
•   Sarah-Jane        Motion Capture Data Services for
    Norman            Multiple User Categories
                                     ICT in Arts and Humanities Research




e-Science and other current issues:
• Sustainability, standards and quality assurance of e-
   resources
    – quality
    – reusability
    – harmonization and interoperability
• The added value of ICT for the quality of research
    – achievements to date
    – possible quantum leap resulting from grid technologies
• Need for interagency collaboration

				
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