Success Stories in Watershed Management by TR59h6Z

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									        SUCCESS STORY
             OF
  IWDP PROJECTS IN NAGALAND



       A CASE STUDY
            OF
 MHAINAMTSI VILLAGE MICRO-
WATERSHED OF PEREN DISTRICT
         PROJECT-I




DEPARTMENT OF LAND RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT
        GOVERNMENT OF NAGALAND
Mhainamtsi Village: - A Success Story from Peren District, Nagaland:

Introduction:
         Peren district occupies the south western tip of Nagaland. It became a separate
district in the year 2003. It is located between 93˚ E-94˚E longitudes and 25˚ N- 26˚N
latitude. It is bounded by Manipur in the south, Assam in the west, Dimapur district in the
north and Kohima district in the east. It has a total geographical area of 1792.24 sq. km. it
is home to the Zeliang and Kuki tribes. The entire population is tribal and economically
very poor. People of the district depend their livelihood on subsistence jhum/shifting
cultivation.
     Mhainamtsi also called the pineapple village under IWDP Peren-I was sanctioned
during 2005-06. The area earmarked for the watershed development was 500 hectares. It
is located at a distance of 30 km from the district headquarter, Peren. It is predominantly
inhabited by Zeliang and Rongmei tribes. The village has a total household of 236 nos.
The literacy rate is relatively very low (33%). The main occupation of the inhabitants is
agriculture.

1. Problem Statement
    The major problems/constraints faced can be grouped as:
    1. Landuse constraint: Shifting cultivation being a part and parcel of the socio-
       economic life of the villagers, inspite of its adverse effects on the ecosystem and
       productivity, it is still practised as a necessary evil. “Community Lands” which is
       often considered as free resources by the population, leads to overexploitation and
       degradation.
    2. Moisture Constraints: The area receives high rainfall but erratic in distribution
       and high intensity of rainfall which compacts and reduces the chances of
       infiltration.
    3. Nutrient constraints: Due to continuous shifting cultivation and premature cycle,
       the NPK ratio has declined which has ultimately resulted in alteration of soil
       micro-organisms.
    4. Biotic Interferences: The system of “free grazing” during the winter months was
       the principal factor for the failure of any plantation in the past.
    5. Forest fire/Wildfire: The traditional practice of burning jungles in the dry seasons
       which is predominantly practised within the district was one of the limiting
       factors.

2.Objectives and Methodology

        The basic objectives of IWDP are to take up Integrated Wasteland Development
Programme on the village/micro-watershed basis. The programme was prepared after
taking into consideration the land capability, site conditions, micro-environment and the
local needs of the people. The objectives of IWDP can be listed as given below:
    a. To increase productivity of the land.
    b. To create employment opportunities.
    c. To raise rural incomes and living standard.
    d. To reduce rural migration from rural areas.
    e. To increase the water table in the area.
    f. To restore ecological balance and overall environmental improvement.
    g. To utilize the jhum lands on a sustainable manner through better agro-forestry
        practices and there-by promoting overall economic development.
3.Results / Impact

Within the project area, the following activities were undertaken as per the land
capability, suitability and the actual needs of the project area.
       a. Afforestation
       b. Plantation crops, horticultural crops and cash crops.
       c. Drainage line treatment by vegetative and engineering structures.
       d. Development of small water harvesting structures.
       e. Land development, in-situ soil and moisture conservation measures-bunding
            and vegetative barriers.
            IWDP intervention was targeted at the jhum system for productive utilization
            of the land. IWDP was well accepted by the local people as well as activities
            and tailored to suit the local conditions that easily fitted into the jhum system.
            The total number of household benefitted by the project intervention by the
            project was so far 172 nos.

Plantation of economic trees:




Benefits from Plantation of Economic trees

   •   Total No. of standing trees     : 1.15 lakh Nos.
   •   Present value of trees          : Rs. 1.15 crores
   •   Value after 10 years            : Rs.11.85 crores
   •   Value after 25 years            : Rs.23.80 crores

Benefits from Pineapple plantation

   •   No. of households engaged              : 78 Nos.
   •   Area covered                           : 115 Ha.
   •   Land utilized before the project       : Degraded jhum land
   •   Average earning from jhum              : Rs.6.90 lakhs worth of crops from
                                                115 Ha.
   •   Average household earning from jhum: Rs. 6000/- per annum
   •   No. of pineapple suckers planted       : 9.40 lakhs
   •   Annual production                      : 850 MT
   •   Annual Net return                      : Rs. 29.75 lakhs
   •   Average household income               : Rs.38,000 per annum from pineapple alone
   •   All 78 households have abandoned jhum practice and are extending their
       cultivation every year in view of the high profit from pineapple.
Rubber Plantation

   •   No. of household engaged             : 21 Nos.
   •   Area covered                         : 13 Ha.
   •   No. of trees planted                 : 6000
   •   Year of planting                     : 2008-09
   •   Expected year of tapping             : 2015-16
   •   Expected return on maturity          : Rs.17.00 lakhs
       after 7 years per annum

SELF HELP GROUP

   •   No. of SHGs formed              : 7 Nos.
   •   No. of members in the SHG       : 74 Members
   •   Amount of seed money            : Rs.10,000/- provided per SHG
   •   Main activities taken up        : Weaving, micro-credit, kitchen gardening,
       piggery, cash crops etc.
   •   Income generated to date        : Rs. 9.70 lakhs

    Thus, it is evident that IWDP has increased productivity of the land and has greatly
improved the economic conditions of the people. It has also resulted in greater women’s
participation, greater access to income generating opportunities, sharing of benefits by
the community, assets for the weaker sections of the people, employment opportunity for
the landless and the weaker sections. Besides, improved productivity of watershed,
improved availability of timber, fuel-wood and fodder, increased in the water table in the
area, reduction in migration from rural areas, improvement of economic status of the
people and above all restoration of ecological balance and over-all environmental
improvement.
Villagers cleaning teak plantation               Teak plantation after 4 years




                                 Pineapple Plantation
Rubber Plants at nursery stage                       Freshly planted rubber in the field




Contour bunds constructed at project site   Water harvesting structure at project site




Zangna SHG members at work                  National level Monitor interacting with
                                            members of Luireu SHG

								
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