Sketchbook Painting 2011

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Sketchbook Painting 2011 Powered By Docstoc

               Painting Application
                               DMACC Credit Art 133
                                                Mr. Murphy

This is a sketchbook for Painting Application at Valley high school. The booklet also contains worksheets and
direction on different drawing methods. If you find this please return it to RM# 2333 in the art department.
       Thumbnail’s Sketches for Painting
       Steps to Idea Development for Informal Critique

            1. Choose source of Idea = Observation, design, memory, (Content Ares in Syllabus)

            2. Begin drawing small sketches, from photographing images, still life, memory, direct
               observation, or creating designs 1X2”

            3. Choose the ideas you like and rework the drawing with design and composition in

            4. Transfer drawing from sketchbook to board, canvas, paper or painting support using the
               following methods – fee drawing using proportion, grid drawing.

                                     Photography was my first art
   3. Color Scheme                                                                  1. Content or ideas come
                                                                                    from personal choices.
                                                                                    Find content that inspires
                                                                                    you. Observation,
                                                                                    memories, design all are
                                                                                    sources for ideas.


                                                                    3. Draw design / Composition ideas
Compositional Guidelines
Artist use a visual language that is organized around some compositional
design Elements and Principles. Many of these date back to the Greek and
Roman period and are still visually true today.

     1.Rule of Thirds – Breaking up the surface or space of your
     artwork into division of thirds. Upper Third, Lower Third

     2.Focal Point – An area of the composition that draws more attention
     from the other areas. (Emphasis or Contrast) A really good
     placement of these points is on the cross over with the “Rule of

     3. Unity – Holds together diverse elements with a common element
     such as line, color, and shapes. These marks are spread in the total
     composition with a specific Rhythm that creates movement.
     1. Balance – Balance deals with the weight or mass of an Element
        and how it is placed according to the other elements in the
        composition. There are Formal and Informal types of balance.
          Symmetrical Balance – Formal / mirror image or equal on both

          Asymmetrical Balance – Informal / Balance is achieved
          through a felt mass/weight balance as you look at the

Radial Balance – Formal / moves out from a focal point or center.

     2. Framing – This composition device holds the viewer in the image
        by placing line, shapes or objects on the edge of the composition
        directing your viewing into the center.
3. Point of View – Change the typical angle you would view the
   object from giving the viewer a new sensation or movement.
Passion Painting

The idea of observation, and collection of art history is so that you can
develop an artist eye. When you collect art works that show good Design,
Content, Technique it helps you develop your own skill.
Project Requirements:
   Collect 10 artworks by different artist
   Paintings for Painting class
   Put in Sketchbook in attractive way
   Write about three Fundamentals – Content, Technique, Form
   Content – What do you think is the image meaning?
   Technique – How was it made and with what materials?
   Form – What is the inspiration or reason you like the image for your

You may find images of Drawings on the internet or at local museums.
You can scan the images into the computer from books in the room.
      Art Museums
       Des Moines Art Center – excellent modern collection-
       Chicago Art Institute – best collection in mid –west for all areas of art--
       Walker Art Institute – modern collection \ most provocative collection-
Wed Sites
         San Francisco Fine art Museum – http//
         Metropolitan Museum of Art -
         Museum of Modern Art, NY, - http//
         National Museum of American Art -
         The Louvre -
         The Art Institute Chicago - http//



Art History Page 1



Art History Page 2




Art History Page 3



Art History Page 4



Art History Page 5



Art History Page 6



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Art History Page 10



       Painting Application/DMACC Art 143 Syllabus revised @2011
Color My World
3 HR DMACC Credit Available

Painting picture has been a passion in my life for the past forty years. I don’t really remember the
day I started this passion but I know it always has been part of my life. Painting Application is
designed to reflect on a small part of what painting can be. My hope is to introduce you to many
technical processes as well as begin to help you explore your own ideas of content. The sequence for
this process has been deliberately design to take you through an exploration of painting construction
and gives you guidance in developing your own ideas. Art is created because of ideas these can be
derived from many different sources, but the most important thing is your own personal motivation
for those ideas.
I have divided the semester into eight units. The sequence of the units is important to your
conceptual construction of a painting. When we discuss painting I will be referring to three of the
main mediums in painting these are watercolor, acrylic and oil painting. You will be able to select
from each of these mediums. I paint using all of three and prefer them for different reasons. My
reasons for the specific preference will be explained in the Different Mediums unit.
The hope of the class is that you find what motivates you in painting much as I have for the past
forty years.
3HRS of DMACC credit are available because DMACC Competencies for
Painting Art #143 match the high school curriculum we offer in this course.

Painting Application Level II is offered to those students who have found they really enjoy
painting and wish to develop a stronger portfolio by continued practice with techniques in painting.
Student may also be developing a strong portfolio in their junior year for their breath section to be
used during their Senior year in AP. Students in Painting Level II will be asked to follow the same
eight unit as they have done in the previous Painting Application Class. The difference will be in
how they can select the process and content of those finished paintings. Level II students will also
develop skills in presenting their art skills to their peers and assisting the teacher in class by
demonstrating their skills and knowledge.

1. Vandalizing or stealing of equipment, or paper, be it school equipment or personal; may result in
   immediate suspension from this class.
2. All students will be evaluated for their PREPAREDNESS (E.A.T. score) for class. Areas
   evaluated will include cleanliness of workstation, proper use of lab time, and coming to class with
   painting materials ready to work. This evaluation will be worth 10% of their quarter point totals.
   If you are prepared EVERY TIME class meets you will receive all of these points. Each time you
   are not prepared for class I will deduct 5 points from this 5% point total. Attending seminar /
   resource will restore deducted points.
3. Final grade will be given when all projects are turned in. (No incompletes are given!)
4. Athletes, musicians, debaters, and especially SENIORS have the same responsibility as regular
     human beings (we know who we are) Special events, (like graduation) are no excuse for not
     having projects done.
5. All students should honor the respect code, towards peers and teachers.

                                           Painting Syllabus page 1
Graded Assignments
This is a general out line of how you will be graded each quarter. The specific point total may
change in each class depending on class achievement.

  1st or 3rd – 9 weeks                                    2nd or 4th – 9 weeks
Painting Assignment             800                Painting Assignment           800
Written Research                200                Written Research              200
EAT Score                       100                EAT Score                     100
Mid Term                        100                Final Exam                    200
Total                                   1200              Total                             1200

Critique/ Demonstration
Critiques are done to help you improve your artwork. Students will be asked to participate in both
informal and formal critiques. INFORMAL critiques will be done one on one with the instructor.
These evaluations are used to check ideas before they are started. It allows the instructor and
student’s time to check work before the process begins. The way students present their artwork
during an informal critique is through sketchbook. FORMAL critiques are presentation made to the
class of finished works. Formal critiques are given for two purposes, 1. To allow you to see other
works and relate this to your own. 2. Help fellow students and you self achieve new skills through a
sharing process. The more you participate in the discussion the better you will feel about your
artwork. Students will be evaluated from time to time regarding their participation and use of art

Assignment Deadlines
Assignments are given a deadline to keep order in the class. Students who have personal issues with
a unit’s deadline need to contact the instructor before the due date. All consideration will be given to
assist the student in their learning in the classroom. In general assignments must be turned in on time
or they will be given a grade of “C” or lower depending on quality and amount of time it is delayed.
If students are absent they are expected to make up this painting time during resource periods.
Responsibility is given to the students for recording their make up on the Progress score sheets in
the room. This record is kept and used in evaluation of students Progress points during Quarter 1 and
Quarter 2.

Quality work takes time! Your extra efforts will produce a higher quality of artwork and this will
lead to higher grades. If your time is focused, and thoughtful, your artwork will reflect those efforts.
The weekly schedule does not always allow enough time for you to work in the studio. The tools
and equipment to produce quality artworks are available in these labs. With this in mind you are
encouraged to use SEMINAR / RESOURCE times to enhance the quality of your efforts. The art
staff is available for one on one instruction during these times. This is also available for make- up
work due to absence. Record your participation in these resource and seminar periods for the EAT
score. Students are given 2 points for attending class every day. They have points taken away
(5points) for tardy and not making up absents. Students must record their attendance for resource
and seminar so that they can make up both tardy and absents.

                              Painting Syllabus page 2
Suggested Supplies / Personal Tool Box
Various sizes brush, personal rags, pallet paper, and larger scale canvas or boards. Students will not
be given oil paints because of cost. You may purchase your own oil sets at local stores. I will only
allow water-soluble oil paints in the art room due to ventilation. Below is a list of colors I use in my
pallet. All art materials are expensive but they will last into your college years and life for recreation.
So purchasing can be seen as long term.
Burnt Umber                     Cadmium Red Light                      Cerulean Blue
Cobalt Blue                     Dioxaine Purple                        Ivory Black
Alizarin Crimson                Sap Green                              Prussian Blue
Yellow Ochre                    Yellow Medium                   Titanium White (large tube)
Paint Mediums for oils – we need to make this more natural and organic so not to expose our
classmate to toxic chemicals.
Organic Medium – Vegetable Oil, Simple Green Cleaner bought at grocery store/
Windsor Newton- Liguin Original, Odorless Paint Thinner, 2 Glass Jars, Rags
You can purchase acrylic or watercolor also and use at home to help complete artwork. Having your
own paints makes it easier to achieve quality in your work.

Student’s portfolio should reflect diversity in subject areas. It is important for the students to find
personal meaning in each artwork they produce. Meaning does not always seem clear. Art must say
in a clear way what it is intended for or its purpose. This purpose sometimes is the simple fact that
we are learning a new process or to painting a new subject content. As an art student you must then
step back and think about what everyone else will see. Then you must develop both ideas together
for meaning or purpose come with intention as you develop the artwork. Diversity comes from
taking risk, trying things you have never felt comfortable trying before. Risk gives reward. Students
will be asked to explore specific techniques in class, as you explore technique you will be asked to
work from the Content Area List. This list will help you develop the diversity in your portfolio. The
other purpose is so you can develop an independent personal content choice. In past art classes
teacher have assigned the subject. To truly develop your own personal expressions you must work
explore your own personal direction. Suggestion will be given and ideas encouraged from the list

                                            Content Areas
Abstraction – Simplification and/or alteration of forms, derived from actual observation or
experience to presence of objects, people or places. The drawing usually represents an element or
principle of design more than a recognizable subject does.

                                            Painting Syllabus page 3
Content Areas
Animals – these are difficult to find let alone draw. The zoo is a great resource and will be among
our field trips. The science department has many live animals as well as plants. We have developed a
lab that has animals that are stuffed and mounted for study. Many biological illustrators use this
method for studying animals for illustration. Do not forget your household pets.

Architecture – the constructed environment is a design in itself. Many artists use this as they’re
only subject. You can use interior as well as exterior drawings. These types of drawing usually
reflect spatial problems using one and two point perspective. There are many ways to make these
drawings more dynamic through different angles or views. Climb to the top of the garage roof or
look out a second story widow,(do not fall).

Design – the elements and principles of design can be the focus of any drawing on this list. Some
artist will draw their inspiration from just the elements and principles of design. Examples would be
drawing texture and pattern from observation. Observation of colors in a sunset and drawn into a
design. Looking at 3D forms in a still life. Make an effort to use only design as the content of a

Figurative- the human figure is the most beautiful thing to observe. Two figures always add a
narrative, or story like atmosphere to a drawing. People watching with drawing tools! The figure can
be a block for most students. They do not think their drawings reflect how the person looks. This is
the reason most colleges award scholarships to students who study the figure in several works.
Portrait or full figure studies.
Landscape/Nature – Landscape has always been my favorite content area. The reason is it gets me
out into life. Nature can present a very quickly changing place that requires fast work to capture its
movement. It can represent very emotional meaning as well as be only a place. Objects collected
from nature can provided an endless supply of ideas. Comb the beaches at a lake. Look deep into the
woods on the ground. Nature has many different types of design structure to study. The difference
between nature and landscape is that the artist focuses closer in on objects of nature , while
landscape is more a panoramic image.

Lighting – this is a very formal subject in art. The study of light can be every thing from 3D form in
a still life, reflection of light from the water surface, aerial perspective and diffused lighting, to how
candlelight is softer than regular light. Night observation can make interesting studies in color.

Memory – many of our best idea come from a thought about a person, place or time from our past. I
remember climbing the apple trees in our yard and looking down upon all my friends. The smell of
flowers in the spring can become a visual idea. These memories can be on any topic. This type of
drawing is more emotion and less technical.

Metaphor, Symbolism, Analogy – these three terms are more about a visual idea of a drawing
means something else. A drawing of a heart represents love, a cloud equals heaven, and a skull
means death. We associate visual ideas with some other meaning.

                                            Painting Syllabus page 4
Content Areas
Portrait – most students have attempted to draw a self-portrait. Drawing friends and relatives can
give you great rewards in recognition. Getting people to pose during class is very difficult. This
allows two ways to develop your portrait work. Work from quick drawings in sketchbook and
transfer to better paper. Develop ideas from photographs (YOU HAVE TAKEN). Plagiarism is a
very serious problem when using others photographs that will result in a lower grade.

Spatial – these drawings usually include one and two point perspective. Other artists choose to
develop drawing that the spatial area is not clear. Student must first understand basic spatial
relationships and then develop more complex ideas of space. Many methods of drawing will be
shown: perspective, figure ground relationship, positive and negative space, and foreshortening.

Still life – this is one of the most powerful observation techniques used in art. Making a still life
personal is an interesting challenge. It is a great way to study formal techniques in observation.

Surrealism, Composite Imagery – placing together paradoxical items into a context that seems
believable yet its being together challenges us. Composite images are just the placement of items
together with out forcing meaning.

Painting Technical Units/ Sequential Unit
Painting has the most diverse groups of techniques of any medium in modern art. This has much to
do with the fact that paintings has been the most important form of expression of ideas since
cavemen started paining with stains on walls. The technical units are set up in a way for you to
explore how paintings should be constructed. We will start with the designing or composition and
move into light, shadow, color and then content as a technical process. I really think it is important
to be able to achieve at each level a successful artwork. This will help you gain confidence and skill.

First Quarter

Composition Design
Design is very important to the creation of a painting. The artwork usually begins with an idea.
These ideas come from many places and are listed in the section above. Once we have the idea we
need to explore how we construct this idea. Drawing has always played an important part of this in a
painting. We will learn to develop composition using “THUMBNAIL” sketches and develop clear
compositional purpose to our artworks. This will be a weeklong unit with focus on design as well as

                                            Painting Syllabus page 5
Painting Technical Units/ Sequential Unit
First Quarter

Different Mediums
This is a three-week unit design more for you to experience the differences between mediums and
how they express. The unit is staged so that you will create the same painting using different
mediums so that you can experience the different qualities of the medium. I really enjoy the fast
qualities of watercolor. Acrylic offers the most diversity and best cost for what you can achieve in
painting. Oils have always been considered the serious painter’s medium but I see it as a great
medium to use when you are blending colors. All the mediums have great points and frustrations.
Exploration of different mediums is the purpose of this unit.

Light in painting shows surface and texture as well as form. Realism use light as its telling truth
about a form in a painting. Young painters must see value and contrast before they work in complex
color schemes. Many painters begin with a monochromatic color scheme and work in color over
this. We will look at tonality in painting from observation, the concept of realism, and subtractive
painting methods with rages. The basic understanding of light, value and contrast will be the
objective of these works.

Glazes Washes
A transparent (can be seen through)layer of paint, applied over a dry area, allowing the
underpainting to show through. This color play can cause very exciting color combination tat really
make the painting sing. We will explore color schemes and how they can be applied to paintings.
The diversity of glaze painting will be explored from Rembrandt to Richard Diebenkorn and way out
there with the Colorfeild painters. Using color and its quality through underpaintings will be the
guided to these paintings.

Painting Technical Units/ Sequential Unit
Second Quarter

Painting Technical Units/ Sequential Unit
Second Quarter
A thick heavily application of paints with either a brush or knife. Thick paint became popular with
the Impressionist and developed into many artist works such as Wayne Thiebaud. We will explore
ways to apply paint in thick and expressive ways even to show emotion through the personal marks
made. Working with thick paint and using surface texture will be developed in these paintings.

Artist must really free himself or herself of the idea that they can paint realism. I’ve read several
statements by successful artist were they are confronted by critiques that they cannot achieve
realism. Accomplish this early and move on to what motivates you more. We will explore photo-
realism, trompe l’oeil painting and working with surface and form with the full range of color and
texture. Realism will be the purpose of the student’s work in this unit.

                              Painting Syllabus page 6
Abstraction – design as a process, Formalist Josef Albers, Color field, Cubist, Fauvist
Abstraction was born out of simplification of the observed world into a none- recognizable subject.
In this unit we will explore that relationship of art to design. We will also look at painting as an
abstract expressionist and explore painting through our feelings and thoughts. We will learn how the
formalist Josef Albers changed color and the Cubist and Fauvist started the emotion revolution in
painting. Students will then explore painting on a more abstract manner.
Construction list
Mixed media of modern art brought about many changes in the creation of paintings. Artist gained
the freedom to construct their canvas from found objects or raw materials. We will explore this from
artist such as Stella to Red Grooms. Students will construct a relief painting using many different

Plagiarism or Copyright is very important to your artwork and its
portfolio. Coping of others people’s photographs or visual material will
result in a grade of “O” . According to the 1976 copyright law, a
copyrighted work is “any tangible medium of expression, now known or
later developed, which can be perceived, reproduced, or otherwise
communicated, either with aid of a machine or device. “ For more
information contact the – U.S. Copyright Office, Library of Congress
This is the first unit so that you can explore different painting mediums and make choices about the painting
materials you like. You will be given a demonstration on how to draw from observation of a still and create a
simple composition. You will then paint two exact painting of the same content but show techniques that a
unique to each medium in the artworks. The painting will be smaller in size so that you can complete one in
two days each.
Then you will write a reflection comparing and contrasting both mediums and discuss why you like one over
the other. You can bring in your own oil paints and use organic materials to clean your brushes and work in
the school environment. We need to be careful about exposure of others in the studio for safety reason. As the
instructor for a list of safe solvents for oils.
Required Projects

       You will create two paintings / 1acrylic and 1watercolor / the image is the same in both
       The artworks will show acrylic techniques/watercolor techniques
       Write a written reflection comparing both mediums – acrylic and watercolor

Mediums to Explore
     Watercolor
           Acrylic Painting
           Oil Painting (water based oils)

                                                    Page 1
Attributes of Watercolor

   Watercolor is a mixture of pigment and water
   Modern watercolors have a binder (helps paint stick to surface) Gum Arabic
   Watercolor like ink has been around for centuries - Egyptian Tomb Painting
   Initially a drawing/ sketching tool for oil painters
   1800’s English artist start using on it as its own painting medium
   American Winslow Homer used watercolor for finished paintings, watercolor major medium

   Thin and transparent
   Create tints by adding water
   The paper acts as white – painting from light to dark
   Color builds up in wash layers

   Dries quickly
   Very fast medium – images can be completed in short periods of time
   Very portable medium for field sketching
   You can create transparent layers to achieve depth and intensity

   Dries to quickly
   Can not paint over mistakes
   Considered a sketch medium

Techniques to try
 Paint around white areas leaving paper color, paint light to dark
   Work in layers of washes using complementary colors to up intensity
   Use most opaque colors last as details
   Use wet on wet techniques, salt, masking or taping edges

                                                 Page 2
Attributes of Acrylic

   Plastic that sticks to many surfaces
   Water soluble made of substance called polymer that is a synthetic
   Popular during WWII
   Newest painting Medium

   Acrylic can look like oils or watercolors with different techniques and mixtures
   Liquid polymer will make it transparent / Future floor Wax
   Gel Medium or Modeling paste will make it thick or Impasto
   Retarder or using a spray bottle of water will retard drying for blending
   Water-soluble

   It is permanent – won’t weather from sun or rain
   Dries quickly
   Imitates other paints
   Clean up is easy with water
   Not expensive

   Dries quickly
   Blending of colors is difficult
   Not considered a serious medium

Techniques to try
 Make acrylic look like both oils or watercolor
 Paint with glazes using medium future floor wax as solvent – makes surface shine
 Paint very thick using a pallet knife – impressionist, expressionist
 Show hard edge painting techniques taping straight edges, screen patterning
                                                Page 3
Attributes of Oil

   1400’s oil binders were included in tempra paint – most popular paint today
   oils need solvent to clean up – turpentine, paint thinner, mineral spirits
   oil paints first used as a color glaze (Thin film of transparent glaze) over tempra paint
   20th Century oil painter’s become concern because of toxic solvents
   oil paints change in 20th century to using non toxic solvents = water

   Oil Based
   Thin and transparent when mediums added – turpentine + linseed oil + colbalt dryers
   Can be used thick or impasto
   Non toxic mediums for modern colors – paint medium, fast dryer, linseed oil, impasto
   Colors can be blended on paint surface
   Dry very slowly

   More flexible than other paint mediums because of drying time
   Can be used opaque or transparent
   Dries slowly allowing time to blend colors
   Can be used in larger canvases with more success
   Binders hold greater pigment intensity

   Solvents for thinning and cleaning are toxic
   Dries slower so transporting difficult / storage?
   More expensive to use
   Solvents that organic are based on Vegetable oils and degreasers used in cooking you still need
    mineral spirits to total clean brushes

Techniques to try
 Paint areas using thick impasto paint with pallet knife
 Create glazes using non toxic solvents and “new oils”
 Blend colors as they are wet on canvas one into the other
 Glazing mediums Linseed Oil = Thinner or Liquine Medium for organic use.

                                                  Page 4
 Painting Media Critique Sheet                          @ revised 2011

 Name ____________________________ Period_______ Points __________/20

 1.   Compositional Arrangement – Draw a thumbnail sketch of your painting
      and describe the composition arrangement you used to create its layout (list on
      left). What color scheme did you use (list on right). Circle the correct response and
      draw thumbnail.

Principles of                                                            Color Scheme
Composition                                                              Monochromatic
Simplicity                                                                      Object Color/ Natural Color
Symmetrical balance                                                             Warm/Cool
Unity                                                                           Primary
Rule Thirds
Asymmetrical balance
Radial Design                                                                   Analogous
Back Lighting                                                                   Complementary
Framing                                                                         Fauvism/Emotional
Focal Point
Diagonal Lines
Filling Frame
Radial Balance
  2. List
Proportion Elements      / Principles you thought about while painting. They should be visible
S-curve painting.
  in the
Rule of Thirds
Horizon in Lower/Upper

 3. What was the challenge of this unit as you compare Watercolor to

 4. What is the content or meaning of your image and why did you choose
 this part of the still life to paint?

 5. What technical insight did you gain in this unit? Describe the techniques
 that you discovered.
This second painting project has two objectives;
The technical investigation of your painting is:
The second painting must be one Monochromatic painting of one color with the neutral colors of white,
black, brown, and gray. The reason this project color scheme was choosen as the was to get you to mix colors
with neutrals color. This will give your paintings contrast and value and make your artwork more dramatic.
The content issue in your painting is:
How you can create painting from stories, memory, tail or from a visual association. Fantasy or fairy tails
from our youth have created many fun characters in our minds. Mythology and movies of today also create
these images that take us away from the boredom of life. The books we read or those mysterious places in
our community that we all talk about as tails can create images in our imagination. This how you find ideas
for you next artwork. Think of a story, book, place of mystery, that stirs your imagination. This will be how
you start your painting.

Unit Requirements
   1. Paint a Monochromatic Painting – one color with white, black, gray, brown
   2. Contrast and Value - light, shading, neutral color contrast with warm and cool
   3. Content derived from Memory, Dreams, Stories, Fairy Tails, Mythology, Visual Association

       Monochromatic – one color combined with neutral colors of black, white and gray.

       Neutrals / Neutral Colors – Non- colors or color that is absent of color. Mixing together all the colors usually
        makes Neutrals. The neutral colors are Black, White, Gray and Brown.

       Shade – mixing a color with black is refereed to a shade of _________.

       Tone - mixing a color with gray or brown is refereed to a tone of _________.

       Tint - mixing a color with white is refereed to a tint of _________.

       Value – the lightness or darkness (from white to black and the range of gray between)
       In artworks = tint, tone, shade.

       Contrast – the difference between light and dark or a comparison of both together

       Color – an element of art with four properties;
        a. hue is the color name – red, blue, etc
        b. intensity is the purity of strength of a color;
            bright orange verses dull orange, tone or saturation.
        c. value is the lightness or darkness of a color – tint, shade
        d. Chrome is the purity of a color, the intensity of a hue or lack of black and white.

Dream                         Place Mythology               Memories – Test of Life                 Story of Tails

Robert                Jeno Futo                Majorly                  Fantasy – Graphics .com
 Monochromatic Painting Critique Sheet                                   @ revised 2011

 Name ____________________________ Period_______ Points __________/20

 2.   Compositional Arrangement – Draw a thumbnail sketch of your painting
      and choose the composition arrangement you used to create its layout. What color
      scheme did you use in the painting, Draw the thumbnail and select the Composition and Color

Principles of                                                              Color Scheme
Composition                                                                Monochromatic
Simplicity                                                                        Object Color/ Natural Color
Symmetrical balance                                                               Warm/Cool
Unity                                                                             Primary
Rule Thirds
Asymmetrical balance
Radial Design                                                                     Analogous
Back Lighting                                                                     Complementary
Framing                                                                           Fauvism/Emotional
Focal Point
Diagonal Lines
Filling Frame
Radial Balance
  2. Describe how
Proportion               you used tints, tones and shades of the one color in your painting .
Rule of Thirds
Horizon in Lower/Upper
 3. What was the challenge of this unit?

 4. What is the content or meaning of your image and why did you choose
 this content for the unit?

 5. What technical insight did you gain in this unit? Describe the techniques that you
 discovered in mixing paint colors.
Glazing is a technique used by many acrylic painters, watercolorist, and oil painters. The reason you will use glazing is
to create a rich color dynamic by layering paints that are transparent and show many colors below the final color.
It is like laying down many sheets of tissue paper to arrive at a final color. The colors thus become combined optically –
in the viewer’s eye – and take on a depth impossible to achieve by mixing them physically on the palette..
Assignment – Create a painting using different glazing or transparent painting techniques. You may choose any subject
but must use at least three techniques below.

Techniques of Glazing and Transparent Paint
1. Glazing – is a thin film medium used with the color (pigment) that creates a soft luster or glow to the paint surface.
   It is a system in which thin layers of transparent washes of color are laid over dry layers of paint. Mediums make the
   paints more transparent and cause the glaze to have a glow. Listed below are different paint materials and how to
   mix their mediums.

2.   Frottage – the word frottage is derived from the French word meaning to rub. This process has the artist rubbing off
     layers of opaque paint to create transparent layers that have a unique texture.

3.   Scubbling – is the rough application of a dry, light, semi-opaque color over a darker layer of opaque paint. When
     using paint for scrubbling it should be fairly dry.

4.   Staining- the canvas or masonite can be “stained” with thinned pigment as an alternative to using thick layers of
     opaque paint. Some colors are considered stains – they usually have a berry color are are made from plant materials.

5.   Wet on Wet – this technique is used most often in watercolors but can be successful in other paints if mixed
     correctly. Wet the surface with water or clear medium place colors in areas and let them flow in an uncontrolled
     fashion. Placing salt in watercolors can create an interesting textured effect.

6.   Opaque Flat Color – mixing larger amounts of paint in way so that it is flat and not transparent. This usually only
     done in Acrylic or Oil painting. Watercolors should always be transparent.

Thinning Glaze / Mixing Mediums Instruction
1. Watercolor – Water is the only thinner needed in this medium.

2. Acrylic – Water is the most common medium, Gel Medium keeps paint from drying as fast and thins the paint, Future
Floor Wax or an acrylic floor wax sold at the store.

3. Oil Organic Materials – preferred at school for health reasons, Ligiun Original for Glazing, $17.00 / Simple Green
Cleaner – found in automotive stores/ Vegetable Oil for cooking – cleans brushes at school, rags –many rags/ Mineral
Spirits use in well ventilated area at home to clean brushes
Oil – special medium bought at the art supply store. You can make your own using turpentine 1/3 + linseed oil 1/3 +
colbalt dryer 1/3 = oil medium. By adding more of one ingredient you can slow down drying or speed it up. For best
results do not use too much turpentine because this flattens the paint color.

Transparent – that which allows light to pass through it diffusing it as to change the objects below.
Opaque - not allowing light to pass through, not transparent, thick paint.
Pigment- a coloring matter or substance created from natural minerals or stains.
Medium – a liquid in which pigments are mixed.
Name ____________________________ Period_______ Points __________/20

1. Compositional Arrangement – Draw a thumbnail sketch of your painting
   and describe the composition arrangement you used to create its

     2. Select the color scheme you have used for the painting – circle the correct
        Object Color/ Natural Color

     3. Using the techniques write about how you used these to make layers in
        your painting. List all the possible technique you think you have used.
          Wet on Wet.
          Opaque Flat Color

    4. What is the Content of this painting and why did you choose this content for
    the glaze unit?
Non Objective / Impasto Painting revised @ 2011 Fall
Painters of modern art have learned to express themselves by painting for only the reason of painting. This is
referred to as “Art for Art sake”. This movement in modern art allowed the artist who felt bored by the
discipline of painting to freely express themselves by making the most basic markings in art. Artist developed
many ways of creating these marks through observation of other artist of their current culture or by trying
different methods in their own paintings as they tried to be “Non-Objective”.
Four methods appeared in the artist we looked at in our presentation. You should focus on one of the
following methods to approach your work. Stay with the process you choose and develop the work to the
finished painting.

Non-objective also know as non representational, are artworks that have no recognizable subject. In other
words, “without objects or objectless.” How do you start a painting that has no objective purpose.

 1. Design Technique - Use the design elements and principles to create the painting. Only focus on non
objective representation as you work with three of these elements or principles. You choose the specific
elements to be the focus of your work.
Example = Line, Color, Pattern

2. Constructionist – develop an idea from the practical arts of industrial design, architecture, interior design
and landscape architecture. Develop the drawing inspired by the machine world and working man. Keep the
drawing and shape industrial looking or geometric. Make sure the finished painting is not symbolic but non-
Example = curves of buildings

Impasto - comes from the Italian word meaning “in Paste”. A technique used in painting where paint is laid
on an area of the surface (or entire canvas), very thickly, usually thick enough that the brush or painting –
knives leave strokes that are visible.

3. Push Pull – the artist start working without thinking before about the painting other than wanting to
achieve a balance in the composition by the pushing and pulling of cool colors against warm colors. This is
hard because you start with no plan but must work out the balance and full development of the painting as you

4. Impasto Collage – collect interesting pieces of cardboard, paper, tape, sand, saw dust, and cloth. Glue this
material down to your painting support. Gesso over all the material. Paint washes or opaque colors over the
surface and rub off paint while it is wet.
Non-Objective Critique Sheet revised @2011                   Name

Draw in a quick thumbnail of your painting. Show the composition and draw a pointer to the focal
points of the composition with the word focal point. You should write the compositional
arrangement you feel the painting is from our list in this

   1. Which of the four techniques did you use to apply paint in your picture? Describe how the
      one technique is different from the other three.
             Push Pull

   2. Why did you choose this technical process over the others?

   3. How does painting in non – objective ways seem different or like the other
       painting we created this semester. (Compare Contrast)

   4. How do the elements of design play into creating non-objective paintings?
Realism Painting A Photograph revised @2010

Estes Richards, Pairs Street – Scene 1973

I remember being a student and attending classes at the Des Moines Art center. They had a painting
of an airplane by Richard Estes. It showed the front nose cone of a large jet with all its metallic
reflection. I lived by the airport and had been taking images of airplanes at the time so this was a
really important painting to me. Later when I began painting I would think of this painting and want
to be able to paint like Estes. Most young artist wants to truly paint realistically. This is done with a
combination of good drawing and painting skills. The first attempts are usually not as successful as
our later attempts but some student really pick this up and enjoy the process. What are the steps to
creating photo realistic painting?
Steps to Photo Realism

1. Photograph- (homework) find a photograph that you have taken or a member of your family
   has taken. Use a digital camera at school and create an image to paint.

2. Transfer Image to Canvas (choose one) the drawing is the key to realism
          grid
          free hand draw
          project

3. Paint Background & Large Shapes – start with large shapes and use light washes so you can
   see your drawing to keep proportion.

4. Layers / Opaque & Glaze painting – realistic photographs have many transparent colors that
   are made up of many depths, use careful observation and a combination of opaque and
   transparent glaze washes of color to get surface quality.

5. Details – paint texture and surface quality last, pay attention to light reflection and surface
Photo Realism Critique Sheet revised @2011                                    Name

    1. Draw in a quick thumbnail of your painting. Show the composition and draw a pointer to the
       focal points of the composition with the word focal point. Composition

Vocabulary – use these terms in your description as it reflects in you painting.
Object Color
    2. What techniques did you use to apply painting? What made you choose the method to create
       this painting over the other two?
           Free Hand

        3. Describe how you feel about painting from photographs vs. painting from real life. Why is
        the idea of painting from a photo still strongly debated issue even today.

        4. What was the content of your painting and how did it relate to you.
Design Elements / Principles
Color is an important part of design. Artist use color to organize their artwork for more meaning and
also for aesthetic design. The following are ways that artist organize colors.

Monochromatic                                          Primary Colors                   Complementary Colors

Neutral Colors                                                       Secondary Colors
Tint = White
Tone = Gray
Shade = Black
Tone = Brown

Object Color/ Realism
                                              Triad Color/Split Complementary

Warm/ Cool Colors                             Analogous Color                    Fauvism/ Emotional Color

Color Wheel
Ovals = Primary Colors
Circles = Secondary Colors
Squares = Intermediate Colors
Neutrals are represented in the middle by gray. All
Colors that are made in pigment turn to a neutral of gray,
Brown, or black. White is the absents of color in this subtractive
Form of color. Light is the additive form of color and
Mixes the opposite of pigment.

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