Docstoc

Towards a Transformational Development Strategy for Africa

Document Sample
Towards a Transformational Development Strategy for Africa Powered By Docstoc
					 USAID’s Strategic
Framework for Africa
     Principal Parts of the New Strategic
            Management Process

• Agency Policy Framework

• Regional Strategic Frameworks


• Mission Strategy Statements

• Annual Reports and Operational Plans
    Mission Strategy Statements
    •    3-5 years, 5-10 pages
    •    Will replace current strategic plans
    •    Due to AFR by December 15


Operational Plans
•       Twinned with the Annual Reports (ARs)
•       Cover three years, updated annually through the ARs
           Transformational Development (TD)
          TOP: Benin, Cape Verde, Ghana, Lesotho,
          Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Senegal

          GOOD: Burkina Faso, Kenya, Malawi,
          Mauritania, Rwanda, Sao Tome, Tanzania,
          Uganda, Zambia

          FAIR: Cameroon, Gambia, Niger, Swaziland
          WEAK: Eq. Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Nigeria


                     Fragile States (FS)
          FAIR: Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia,
          Guinea, Sierra Leone

AFRICAN   WEAK: Angola, Burundi, CAR, DRC,
          Congo, Liberia, Somalia, Sudan, Togo,

COUNTRY   Zimbabwe



RANKING   Strategic States (SS): (in blue) Djibouti
          Middle Income (MI): (in yellow)
          Botswana, Gabon, Namibia, South Africa


          *All TD Top countries are MCA Eligible.
          *All TD Good countries are MCA Threshold
          except Mauritania and Rwanda.
Process for developing the FS framework



   Background Policy documents (USG and African)

   Analysis of what we are already doing and what our
    CVAs tell us

   Working groups (DC and virtual)
                         Vision



Increasing political, economic and social stability supports

non-violent resolution of conflict, enhances democratic

practice and equitable economic recovery in Sub-Saharan

African countries vulnerable to, in and emerging from

crisis.
            Agency Framework for Africa

      Robust…          PROGRAMS                    POLICIES                MANAGEMENT

   In support of…
                    Avert and Resolve conflict
Foreign Policy          •   Advance Peace Processes
                        •   Reinforce African conflict mitigation and management capacity
                        •   Enhance protection of individuals from physical violence
USAID-State Plan
                    Manage Crisis and Promote Stability, Recovery and Democratic
                      Reform
                        •   Reintegration of persons affected by conflict
White Paper             •   Increase access to essential services provided by local and national
                            institutions
                        •   Advance Inclusive Governance
Fragile States
                        •   Restore/maintain basic economic activity and livelihoods
Strategy

AFRICAN
OBJECTIVES
    Goal One: Avert and Resolve Conflict


1.    Advance Peace Processes

•       Mobilize constituencies for peace

•       Negotiation of peace agreements

•       Peace implementation planning and monitoring
     Goal One: Avert and Resolve conflict


2. Reinforce African Conflict Mitigation and Management
   Capacity

    – Improve early warning and response mechanisms;
    – Promote data collection and analytic research to identify the
      underlying tensions that produce conflict;
    – Promote policy dialogue, decision-making and programming that
      identifies potential areas of conflict and effectively addresses tensions
      before they erupt into violence;
    – Strengthen human and institutional capacity of to manage and
      mitigate conflict; and
    – Increase participation in non-violent decision making
     Goal One: Avert and Resolve Conflict


3.    Enhance protection of individuals from physical violence

       –   Human rights (GBV, VOT, TIP, WV, child abduction)
           monitoring, documentation and reporting
       –   Develop human and institutional capacity to provide care and
           assistance (physical, medical, psycho-social and livelihood) to
           those whose rights have been abused
       –   Justice sector reform to end impunity (identify and prosecute
           perpetrators, application of laws, and enforcement of
           judgments) and increase access
       –   Training in civilian oversight of security forces and community
           policing to facilitate protection
Goal One:      Avert and Resolve conflict




                          Advance Peace and
                        Reconciliation Processes




                                                    Mitigate and
   Enhance Protection
                                                   Manage Conflict




                 Conflict Sensitive Programming
           And implementation of USAID’s Conflict Policy
 Goal Two: Manage Crisis and Promote Stability,
       Recovery and Democratic Reform


1.       Reintegration of persons affected by conflict
     –     Build community resilience and government support to
           prevent displacement
     –     Humanitarian assistance, care and maintenance for the displaced
     –     Reintegration, transition (return and resettlement) and
           reconciliation programming for all returnees (IDPs, refugees and other
           crisis affected persons)
     –     Reintegration and reconciliation programming for ex-combatants
           and their host communities
 Goal Two: Manage Crisis and Promote Stability,
       Recovery and Democratic Reform

2.       Increase access to essential services provided by local and
         national institutions
           Encourage policy and regulatory reform necessary to enable effective
            planning, transparent budgeting and monitoring of service delivery
           Build the capacity of local and national institutions to effectively
            provide essential services
           Promote community participation in service delivery
           Increase access of marginalized groups to essential services
Goal Two: Manage Crisis and Promote Stability,
      Recovery and Democratic Reform

3.       Inclusive Governance advanced
     –     Promote basic democratic concepts - a level political playing
           field, peaceful demand for reform, inclusive dialogue and the
           participation of disenfranchised groups
     –     Strengthen the health of institutions that govern political participation
           and competition
     –     Strengthen the checks and balances of government
     –     Reduce corruption
     –     Promote security sector reform
     –     Strengthen state and local capacity to manage crisis
Goal Two: Manage Crisis and Promote Stability,
      Recovery and Democratic Reform

 4.       Restore/maintain basic economic activity and livelihoods
      –     Build productive safety nets to prevent asset depletion, malnutrition
            and withdrawal of children from education
      –     Diversify and develop livelihoods to increase incomes
      –     Develop economic infrastructure (markets, communications,
            transportation, roads) to lay the foundation for economic growth
      –     Develop private sector capacity, producer organizations and
            cooperatives.
Goal Two: Manage Crisis and Promote Stability,
      Recovery and Democratic Reform


                               Reintegrate Persons
                               Affected by Conflict




       Increase Provision                               Advance Inclusive
      of Essential Services                             Governance Reform




                                 Maintain/ Restore
                              Basic Economic Activity
             Agency Framework for Africa                  Mid-range Goal
                                                                                                    U
                                                                                                    r
                           A                                                                        b
                           G                                                                        n    A
Gender                                                                                                   G
              E                             Op. Goal #1                           Op. Goal #2
Youth         G
                                                                                                         E
Urban                                                                                                    G
Governa           H
nce               lt                                                                                H
                  h            E                                                                E   lt
                                        Y        E    D                   Y       E     D
                               D        t                                 t
                                                                                                D   h
                                                 N    G                           N     G
                                        h        V                        h       V


                                   Backsliding


                               Goal 2                                             Goal 3



                       P           C         P
                                                                     R        S            G    E
                       P           M         r                       ei
   Gender                                    o                                e            o    c
                                                                     n        r            v    o
                                             t                       t
   Youth                                                                      v                 n

   Urban

   Governa
                       Education, Health, Agriculture, Environment, Economic
   nce
                       Growth, Humanitarian Assistance, Democracy, ……
             Implementing the Framework


• It defines multi-sectoral integrated Conflict Prevention and
  Stabilization Objectives for Operating Units in Africa

• Country strategy statements and operational plans will be
  tailored to identify and address sources of fragility where
  USAID has the potential for programmatic impact.

• Role of Regional Missions will be to support and implement
  framework as appropriate
               To help with implementation

• There is a fragility assessment tool under development by CMM
    http://inside.usaid.gov/DCHA/CMM/fragilestates/GuineaAssessment.html
• There is a fragile states business model under development by PPC
• There are planning tools/ checklists that have been developed by
  USAID sector working groups (the activities lists) and specifically for
  the whole of USG engagement in states emerging from crisis by
  S/CRS
•   There are other resources, best practices, tool kits … on
    http://inside.usaid.gov/AFR/sp/sp_fragile_strat.html
    http://inside.usaid.gov/AFR/sectors/gender.html
    http://inside.usaid.gov/DCHA/CMM/
• There is TA available from AFR, CMM and all the offices who have
  participated in the development of the framework. (Please co-ordinate
  all TA through CDOs.)

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:3
posted:4/25/2012
language:English
pages:19