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									Robotics is referred to as the science of building, manufacturing and designing robots. It is an
engineering discipline designed to improve software, hardware and design concepts of robots all over
the world. It has contributed much to the fields of safety, military, surgery, packing, mass production,
assembly, space, underwater and earth exploration, transport and laboratory research.

More popular in Japan, the concept of robotics has been used to cater to many needs and development
aspects of human civilizations. As of today, there are various robots being used to build infrastructures,
do domestic work, assist in nuclear labs and many more.

The term robotics was first coined in 1920 by Czech playright Karel Capek, and recorded such term in
1941 by Isaac Asimov.

Over the centuries robotic stories have abound either on literature or on the silver screen. In such
literary pieces, robots have been depicted to perform tasks more reliably, accurately and faster than

Milestones in robotics

Robots do not only do simple tasks, they now possess what we call artificial intelligence to perform tasks
on their own. There have been latest inventions of certain types of robots that perform tasks that were
only deemed impossible by inventors all over the world. Robots nowadays have speech recognition
capacities, artificial emotions, personalities, gestures and even certain facial expressions.

Though some robots have difficulty in walking, inventors are continuing on their research to solve this
problem. Other than that, robots are magnificent inventions that can perform functions that we human
usually refuses.

Though robotics, man was able to design robots to do difficult, dangerous and highly technical skills that
humans find difficult to do. Explorations become easier, productions faster, weaponry more
sophisticated, and other aspects of life more advanced. All of these courtesy of robotics.

Career in Robotics

Since this type of job is highly technical and requires high level of skill, most people take up certain
courses to become experts in robotics. Degrees such as robotics engineering, vision and robotics,
mechatronics, and Digital Systems are the preferred courses of those who would like to specialize in this
field. There are also robotics courses offered online.

Increasing number of robots means robot related jobs are also rising. That is why slowly, the study of
robotics is being offered by various universities around the world.

Locomotion in Robotics

Thanks to robotics, robots can now walk, fly, skate, swim, and climb. They can also mimic how a snake
crawls with specialized parts. As walking is one dynamic challenge being faced by inventors, a lot of
changes have been introduced to improve this locomotive aspect of robots. Techniques in walking
include, hopping, passive dynamics, dynamic balancing, and ZMP technique. Means of locomotion may
include legs, wheels, treads and rollers. Robots also have "arms" and "hands" to help it perform specific

In the pharmaceutical industry robots are also designed to grip objects and to dispense medicines as
quickly and in greater quantities at the same time. They are also designed to discard hazardous waste

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