The Diary of Anne Frank
Who is Adolf Hitler?
He lived in Austria
Dropped out of High
Moved to Vienna to be
joined the army
When Germany lost the war, they needed
someone to blame…
The Jews were blamed.
1923, Hitler spent time in prison for failed
attempt to take over the government. He wrote
Mein Kampf or My Struggle.
Hitler revealed his political and anti-semitic
feelings.(Anti-semitic views originated long before
Hitler. Christians (dominant religion in Europe) hated
Jews because they were a different religion, and like
Hitler, horrible, untrue lies were told about them.)
The irrational prejudice and hatred of
the Jewish people. It is often
manifested as outright
discrimination, sometimes in the
form of violence.
Prejudice- a negative judgment
about a particular group of people
based on stereotypes
A famous anti-Semitic lie was that Jews killed
Christian children and used their blood for
religious services. So many people believed
these lies that it was difficult not to believe.
Read page 22. How would you feel if harsh
words were said about you and your history?
If you hear a rumor in school, it sometimes hard
to believe and harder to pass it on, right?
In old anti-Semitism, Jews could convert to
Christianity, but Hitler changed that. He
believed they were an evil race and couldn’t be
Hitler believed and told the Germans that they
were superior and called that race Aryans.
Technically, Aryans are the people
speaking an Indo-European
language. Nazis used this term
specifically for Caucasian Gentiles,
especially of the Nordic type. (Blonde
hair, blue eyes.)
The Final Solution
The Nazi plan to exterminate the
Jewish people and remove them
Punishment on the basis of race,
religion, sexual orientation, or belief.
Behavior that shows prejudice.
Failure to treat people equally
because of a bias based on
characteristics such as race, religion,
sex, gender, national origin, sexual
orientation, and disability.
Security Police ordered that
all Jewish persons over the
age of six were to wear a
yellow badge, "Star of
David" to distinguish them
How did Hitler get power?
After WWI, Germany was suffering
economically because they had to
pay repercussions to the winning
In 1929, the stock market crashed
and led to the great depression.
This was the third time that Germany
had economic problems.
People began to believe the posters
that “Hitler, Our Last Hope.”
The Nazi’s, group lead by Hitler, slowly
took over parliament (government in
In 1929, 12 seats/ 1930, 107/ and 1932,
Hitler became Chancellor of Germany
(head of government) in a few months.
Democracy was soon destroyed and Nazi
dictatorship took over.
How Hitler won power
Hitler was a powerful speaker and
convinced the Germans to blame
their problems on the Jewish people.
The Nazi’s also beat up anyone who
opposed them. Book burning was a
warning. Books were burned by
Jewish authors or those who opposed
“The night of
broken glass” It
was the turning
point in German
At least 96 Jews were
killed, 100s were
7,500 business were
30,000 Jews arrested
and sent to
In German, Schutzstaffel. Protection Squad.
Units formed in 1925 as Hitler's personal
bodyguard. The SS was later built into a
giant organization by Heinrich Himmler. It
provided staff for police, camp guards,
and military units (Waffen-SS) serving
with the German army.
In German, Geheime Staatspolizei. Secret
Areas of cities and
towns in Eastern
Europe where Jews
were forced to live in
to disease and
in 1941, ghetto
inhabitants were sent
Nazi prisons which held Jews,
Gypsies, political and religious
opponents of the Third Reich,
resistance fighters, homosexual men
and women, and others considered
enemies of the state. Many of these
prisoners died of starvation, slave
labor, and disease.
Inside Concentration Camps
Inside Women’s Barrack
Holocaust is a Greek work meaning
“a sacrifice” by burning or “total
Genocide is an attempt to wipe out
an entire people or nation. Jews
were the first group singled out for
total destruction (although not the
first genocide-other groups were
considered inferior and enslaved).
Jewish business were boycotted.
They were then searched out and
Families were separated-young, very old,
ill sent to death camps-healthy adults
became slave laborers.
Their hair was shaved and a number was
tattooed on their arm.
They were worked to death (unlike slaves,
Nazi’s didn’t care if Jews lived or died)
Ways in which they were killed: gas
chambers (deception of showers with real
shower heads, even given soap. Poison
gas came through the floor) Horrible
screams were heard of people gasping for
air. Bodies were burned or buried in mass
Jews also died from starvation, disease,
malnutrition, and exhaustion.
Some of these pictures are graphic.