POVERTY Poverty is the condition of having an insufficient amount of resources or income. There are different types of poverty in the world such as, same degree poverty, absolute poverty, relative poverty and subjective poverty. Absolute poverty is the case where people lack basic human needs and it is the worst type of poverty. Poverty has many causes; some of them are very basic. The primary factors that may lead to poverty are overpopulation, the unequal distribution in world economy, inability to meet high standards of living or high cost of living, inadequate employment and education opportunities, environmental degradation, certain economic and demographic trends and welfare incentives. We have already seen what is poverty and what are the causes of poverty, now let us see what are the problems of poverty" Well, generally poverty has various serious consequences. In many countries where there are high rates of poverty, many of the local citizens faces the problem of famine and lack of lodging, one common example is India. Therefore together with these problems that I have mentioned above, there is also a lack of hygiene and this favours the proliferation of various harmful bacteria which resulting in the development of diseases such as cholera, malaria, etc... Secondly, it is in these poor countries that we have the greatest number of failures in education. We have many theories, which support this fact. To begin with, as I have said earlier, poverty leads to diseases and when someone is not enjoying a sound health, learning becomes very difficult. Another factor that support this fact is that education in every country is not free. So, those who does not even have a shelter, who are facing famine, how will they be able to afford paying for education? Education may also be the last preoccupation and such type of people does not value education mostly. Then we also have poor people but those who are a little better than those whom I have mentioned above. I am now referring to those who does have a shelter and who are not facing famine but yet, who are not educated and who spends most of their time at work. These type of people do strive hard to send their kids to school but, they do it only for the sake of doing it or only because others do it. Deep inside they do not value education, their main interest are, how to bring more money home? So, those poor people who do not even believe in the future, in education, how will they inculcate the desire of learning in their children? Their children will not able to realise the importance of education. These people have a very fatalistic approach to life and this creates a barrier for themselves. Thirdly, I will say that there is also another factor, which goes side by side with the failure in education and that is the deterioration of the country itself. Without education the country will not be able to progress and this will lead to even greater poverty. Poverty also leads to other vices, such as alcoholism, drug-taking and gambling. Very often people facing such types of dilemmas looks for an easy means to escape from their situation. They are weak, unable to face the problem firmly. The most common way of escapism is the consumption if alcohol. In fact alcohol is not at all a means of escape as it leads them to even greater problem afterwards. It is more or less the same story for drug-taking as well they will face greater poverty later on as drugs are really very expensive. In the case of gambling, while gambling people always aim to win a lot of money and at last they lose everything they had. Furthermore, poverty also leads to violence in the society an even in homes. Poverty is very often the cause of high rates of divorce, family failures and also prostitution. Nowadays we people are forced to live a highly materialistic life and those who are unable to cope with that situation are even ready to kill, to attain their objectives. Finally, to put an end to all these I suggest that the politicians should value their necessities before spending billions of dollars on weapons. Anti-corruption organisations should perform their task perfectly and the government should come forward with new ideas about haw to combat illiteracy in the country.
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