WELLNESS OBJECTIVES Explain the physical, mental, and social aspects of wellness List factors that contribute to disease Predict how lifestyle choices you make will affect your health Describe the relationship between nutrition and health WHAT IS WELLNESS? WELLNESS is the state of being in good health It is often associated with quality of life Quality of life refers to a person’s satisfaction with his or her looks, lifestyle, and responses to daily events Example- If you are in good health, you have a desire to stay fit, you are energetic and have an enthusiastic outlook Example- If you are not in good health, life’s events can become harder to manage and causes a decrease in quality of life THE WELLNESS CONTINUUM You can use a continuum to define your personal state of wellness Premature Death is Optimum Health is a death that occurs due to state of wellness lifestyle behaviors that characterized by peak lead to a fatal accident or physical, mental, and the formation of an social well being avoidable disease Aspects of Wellness Physical Health Mental Health Social Health Physical Health Physical Health refers to the fitness of your body. Factors that can harm your physical health Getting to little rest Eating to much or too fast Lack of physical activity, excess stress, poor sanitation, and reckless behavior Tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs Mental Health Mental Health is related to the way you feel about yourself, your life, and the world around you. Social Health Social Health describes the way you get along with other people. Factors That Contribute to Disease A risk factor is a characteristic or behavior that influences a person’s chance of being injured or getting a disease. Lifestyle habits, environmental conditions, and health care limitations are known to be risk factors you can control. Heredity factors affect your risk of disease, but is one factor that you cannot control Unhealthful Lifestyle Choices Heart disease, cancer, and strokes are the three major causes of death among adults in US One example of a lifestyle choice that can cause disease is a decision about smoking Others include decisions about nutrition, stress management, and exercise Poor Environmental Quality Environmental Quality refers to the state of the physical world around you Inadequate Health Care Accounts for 10% of the risk factors that contribute to leading causes of death A diagnosis is the identification of a disease. Failing to diagnose, or recognize, a disease early enough can interfere with effective treatment Heredity 25% of the factors that contribute to leading causes of death are heredity These factors are beyond your control You can cannot change the genes you inherit from them Health-Promoting Choices Studies do show that you have much control over the factors that influence your health. By choosing these behaviors regularly, you can promote good health and perhaps lengthen your life Choose a Healthful Lifestyle Your diet is one main lifestyle factor that has a strong correlation with many diseases Diet refers to all the foods and beverages you consume You have a large amount of control over you diet Resist Negative Peer Pressure Peer pressure can play a role in the development of health habits Peer pressure is the influence people in your age and social group have on your behavior Negative peer pressure may play a role in making accidents and suicide leading causes of death among teens Improve Your Environment Do your share to make your environment a healthful one Carpool or take public transportation Use cleaning products that will not pollute water Handle food carefully to avoid contamination Choose Quality Health Care Choosing quality health care will help you reduce health risks Choose a physician that has a good reputation Choose a facility that can meet your needs See your doctor for regular checkups Early detection of health problems is the best way to prevent serious illness Making A Change Changing one behavior can affect all aspects of your health Seeing positive results in one lifestyle area can affect your desire to change other areas For example, if you improve your eating habits, you might have more energy Nutrition and Wellness One factor that has been shown to have a big impact on wellness in nutrition Nutrition is the sum of the processes by which a person takes in and uses food substances Scientists once thought foods contained just a few basic nutrients Nutrients are the basic components of food that nourish the body (there are 45 needed in the diet) Questions?
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