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Census_Nov2011

VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 56

									     2010 Census and ACS in Oregon:
     Results and Resources
     Census Data Workshops
     November, 2011




Charles Rynerson
Census State Data Center Coordinator
Population Research Center
College of Urban and Public Affairs
                   Outline
• Datasets: 2010 Census and ACS
• Census Geographies
• 2010 Census: Race/Ethnicity, Age, Sex, Housing Units,
  Households, Household Relationship
• ACS: Poverty, Income, Education, Health Insurance
• Other Demographic Data
• Resources for Data Users
   2010 Census and ACS

The 2010 Census shows the number of people

   who live in the U.S. and the American

 Community Survey shows how people live
           2010 Census

 Use data from the 2010 Census to obtain

counts of population and housing units and

 their basic characteristics (sex, age, race,

 Hispanic origin, household composition,

    occupancy and homeowner status)
                  2010 Census

• April 1, 2010
• An “actual enumeration” (The 2010 Census aims
to count all U.S. residents—citizens and non-
citizens alike)

• Only 10 questions on the 2010 Census form
                      ACS

Use data from the American Community Survey to

obtain detailed demographic, social, economic, and

 housing characteristics, such as income, poverty,

    employment, and educational attainment.
                        ACS
• An ongoing survey that provides data every year

• A sample of the population
• All ACS data are survey estimates. To help
you interpret the reliability of the estimate, the
Census Bureau publishes a margin of error (MOE)
for every ACS estimate.
 Population Thresholds for ACS Estimates

              1-year      3-year      5-year
            estimates   estimates   estimates
65,000 +
               X           X           X
people
20,000+
                           X           X
people
Less than
20,000                                 X
people
One Year ACS Estimates for 15 Oregon Counties
Three Year ACS Estimates for 27 Oregon Counties
Five Year ACS Estimates for all 36 Oregon Counties
             Census Geography Hierarchy
                            (with 2010 Statistical Area Criteria)
                                           Revised 10-29-11




        Central axis describes
        a nesting relationship




                                                                     • Cities and towns -- incorporated
                                                                     • Census Designated Places (CDPs)


                                                              • 1,200 to 8,000 population (optimum 4,000)
                                                              • 480 to 3,200 housing units
Blocks are not defined by population
and are the smallest geographic level                                    • 600 to 3,000 population
   at which data are ever released                                       • 240 to 1,200 housing units
  (Decennial Census, not the ACS)
    2010 Census: Oregon Population

•3.8 Million

•400,000 (12%) growth 2000-2010

•Less growth than in 1990s

•Eight counties lost (none in 1990s)
   2010 Census: Race and Ethnicity

•Use decennial censuses for race and ethnic
population counts, not ACS

•Changes between 1990 and 2000

•Consistent reporting between 2000 and 2010

•Two questions: 1. Hispanic/Latino? 2. Race? One
or more boxes
2010 Census: Race and Ethnicity

              2000   2010   change
         2010 Census: Age and Sex

•Use decennial censuses for age and sex
population counts, not ACS

•Single years of age available for counties, cities,
census tracts

•Five year or smaller age groups at block level, by
race/ethnicity
                    Oregon 1940 Population Distribution by Age and Sex


 75+

70-74

65-69        Male                                             Female
60-64

55-59

50-54

45-49

40-44

35-39

30-34

25-29

20-24

15-19

10-14

  5-9

  0-4

        6%    4%          2%             0%              2%      4%      6%
                            percentage of total population
                    Oregon 1960 Population Distribution by Age and Sex


 75+

70-74

65-69        Male                                             Female
60-64

55-59

50-54

45-49

40-44

35-39

30-34

25-29

20-24

15-19

10-14

  5-9

  0-4

        6%    4%          2%             0%              2%      4%      6%
                            percentage of total population
                    Oregon 1980 Population Distribution by Age and Sex


 85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
             Male                                             Female
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
  5-9
  0-4

        6%   4%           2%             0%              2%      4%      6%
                            percentage of total population
                    Oregon 2000 Population Distribution by Age and Sex


 85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
             Male                                             Female
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
  5-9
  0-4

        6%   4%           2%             0%              2%      4%      6%
                            percentage of total population
                    Oregon 2010 Population Distribution by Age and Sex


 85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
             Male                                             Female
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
  5-9
  0-4

        6%   4%           2%             0%              2%      4%      6%
                            percentage of total population
                    Oregon 2040 Population Distribution by Age and Sex


 85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
             Male                                             Female
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
  5-9
  0-4

        6%   4%           2%             0%              2%      4%      6%
                            percentage of total population
                                                             Population by Age Group
                                                              State of Oregon, 2010
                   300,000




                   250,000




                   200,000
Total Population




                   150,000




                   100,000




                    50,000




                         0
                             <5   5-9   10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84   85+
                                                    Population by Race/Ethnicity and Age
                                                           State of Oregon, 2010
                   300,000
                                                                                                                all other
                                                                                                                non-Hispanic White

                   250,000




                   200,000
Total Population




                   150,000




                   100,000




                    50,000




                         0
                             <5   5-9   10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84    85+
                                                                Age Distribution by Race/Ethnicity
                                                                      State of Oregon, 2010
                            15%

                            14%

                            13%

                            12%

                            11%

                            10%
Share of Total Population




                            9%

                            8%

                            7%

                            6%

                            5%

                            4%

                            3%                      non-Hispanic White
                            2%                      all other

                            1%

                            0%
                                  <5   5-9   10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84   85+
                                                            Age Distribution by Race/Ethnicity
                                                                  State of Oregon, 2010
                            15%

                            14%

                            13%

                            12%

                            11%

                            10%
Share of Total Population




                            9%

                            8%

                            7%

                            6%

                            5%

                            4%

                            3%                      non-Hispanic White
                            2%                      African-American

                            1%

                            0%
                                  <5   5-9   10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84   85+
                                                            Age Distribution by Race/Ethnicity
                                                                  State of Oregon, 2010
                            15%

                            14%

                            13%

                            12%

                            11%

                            10%
Share of Total Population




                            9%

                            8%

                            7%

                            6%

                            5%

                            4%

                            3%                      non-Hispanic White
                            2%                      Asian

                            1%

                            0%
                                  <5   5-9   10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84   85+
                                                             Age Distribution by Race/Ethnicity
                                                                   State of Oregon, 2010
                            15%

                            14%

                            13%

                            12%

                            11%

                            10%
Share of Total Population




                            9%

                            8%

                            7%

                            6%

                            5%

                            4%

                            3%                      non-Hispanic White
                            2%                      Latino

                            1%

                            0%
                                  <5   5-9   10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84   85+
                                                            Age Distribution by Race/Ethnicity
                                                                  State of Oregon, 2010
                            15%

                            14%

                            13%

                            12%

                            11%

                            10%
Share of Total Population




                            9%

                            8%

                            7%

                            6%

                            5%

                            4%

                            3%                      non-Hispanic White
                            2%                      two or more Races

                            1%

                            0%
                                  <5   5-9   10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84   85+
2010 Census: Housing Units
       2010 Census: Households

•Examples of data

      -owner vs. renter

      -household size

      -race/ethnicity/age/sex of householder

      -non-HH (group quarters) population
2010 Census: Household Relationship

•Examples of data

      -share of husband-wife households

      -unmarried partners

      -3 or more generations

      -persons over 65 living alone
             ACS: Educational Attainment

       Percent of Persons Age 25+ with Bachelor's Degree or Higher

                                                                    West          Portland    Portland
                                                      U.S.         Region           city     Metro Area*
1990 (Census)                                        20.3%          22.7%          25.9%       23.2%
2000 (Census)                                        24.4%          26.2%          32.6%       28.9%
2009 (ACS Estimate)                                  27.9%          29.3%          42.8%       33.9%


*Note: Data are compiled for current seven county metropolitan area for comparability.
Table compiled by PSU, Population Research Center.




     Let’s update this for 2010 and include Margins of Error!
                                               ACS: Poverty
                                               Poverty Rate, All Persons
                                      2000 Census and American Community Survey

               28%

                            Portland MSA
               24%          City of Portland



               20%
Poverty Rate




               16%



               12%


                                                                                                                        18.5%
               8%                                       16.2%                                           16.0%
                                                                        15.1%           14.4%
                            13.1%                                                                               13.4%
                                                11.5%                           11.3%           12.0%
                                                                11.1%
                     9.5%
               4%



               0%
                        1999                       2006            2007            2008            2009            2010
                       Calendar Year                                            ACS Response Year
                                        ACS: Child Poverty
                                            Poverty Rate, Persons Under 18
                                      2000 Census and American Community Survey

               28%


                         Portland MSA
               24%
                         City of Portland


               20%
Poverty Rate




               16%



               12%                                                                                                      24.5%

                                                        20.4%           20.4%                           21.1%

                                                                                        17.2%                   17.6%
               8%            15.7%                                                              16.0%
                                                                14.7%           15.0%
                                                14.0%
                     11.7%

               4%



               0%
                        1999                       2006            2007            2008            2009            2010
                        Calendar Year                                           ACS Response Year
                                         ACS: Income and Rent
                                              Share of Renters Paying more than 35%
                                               of Household Income for Gross Rent
                                            2000 Census and American Community Survey
                     50%


                     45%
                               Portland MSA
                               City of Portland
                     40%


                     35%
Percent of Renters




                     30%


                     25%
                                                                                                                           47.3%
                                                             45.4%
                                                                                                                   43.8%
                                                                                             42.5%   41.4% 42.1%
                     20%                                                     40.9%
                                                     39.2%                           39.3%
                                                                     36.8%
                           32.1% 33.0%
                     15%


                     10%


                     5%


                     0%
                              1999                      2006            2007            2008            2009          2010
                              Calendar Year                                          ACS Response Year
                                     ACS: Health Insurance
                                        Share of Persons with no Health Insurance
                                                American Community Survey

                     20%


                     18%


                     16%
                             Portland MSA
                             City of Portland
                     14%
Percent of Persons




                     12%


                     10%
                                                                                                              18.1%
                     8%                                                                       16.2%
                                                                              15.3%                   15.4%
                                                                                      14.8%
                                                                      13.4%
                     6%


                     4%


                     2%


                     0%
                           1999                     2006      2007       2008            2009            2010
                           Calendar Year                              ACS Response Year
       Resources for Data Users


• census.gov

    -American FactFinder

    -Data Finders

    -USA Counties
          Resources for Data Users

• pdx.edu/prc - Oregon Census State Data Center
• mcdc.missouri.edu/ - Missouri Census SDC
• oregonexplorer.info/rural
• pdx.edu/ims – Metropolitan Knowledge Network
  and Portland Pulse
• oregon.gov/das/oea – Oregon Demographic Forecast
www.pdx.edu/ims -- Metropolitan Knowledge Network
     2010 Census and ACS in Oregon:
     Results and Resources
     Census Data Workshops
     November, 2011




Charles Rynerson
Census State Data Center Coordinator
Population Research Center
College of Urban and Public Affairs

								
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