As the adverbial
Find four examples in the
reading passage that use the
past participle as the adverbial
• Worried about the journey, I was unsettled
for the first few days.
• Well-known for their expertise, his parents’
• Confused by the new surroundings, I was
hit by the lack of fresh air.
• Exhausted, I slid into the bed and fell fast
Heated , water changes into steam .
The professor came in, followed by a group of
young people .
1 作原因状语，等于as / since / because 引导从句
Moved by what she said ,we couldn’t help crying .
= ( As we are moved by what she said …
2 作时间状语，等于when 引导时间从句，如果分词表
while / until 等使时间意义更明确。
When heated , water can be changed into steam .
Seen from the hill ,the park looks very beautiful .=
( When the park is seen from the hill…
3 作条件状语等于 if / whether 引导从句
Given more attention , the cabbages could have
grown better .= ( If they have been given more
Compared with you , we still have a long way to
go = ( If we are compared with you …
The actress came in , followed by her fans .
She sat by the window , lost in thought .
Much tired ,he still kept on working .＝（Although
he was tired ,) he ….
6 独立主格结构： 当分词的逻辑主语不是主句主语时，
The boy rushed into the classroom , his face
covered with sweat .
All things considered ,your article is of great
value than hers .
Rewrite with proper conjunctions
• Example : United we stand, divided we fall.
If we are united, we will stand, but if we are
divided,we will fall.
1 Asked what had happened, he told us about it.
→ When he was asked what had happened, …
2 Well known for his expert advice, he received many
invitations to give lectures.
→ Because he was well known for his expert
3 Given more time, we would be able to do the
work much better.
If we were given more time,
4 Once translated into Chinese, the book became
very popular among Chinese teenagers.
Once it was translated into Chinese,
5 Deeply interested in medicine, she decided to
become a doctor.
Because she was deeply interested in medicine,
6 Left alone at home, Sam did not feel afraid at all.
Although he was left alone at home,
Seeing these pictures, I couldn’t help
thinking of those days when I was in
Beijing .____ from the top of a thirty-
storeyed building, Beijing looks more
• Used for a long time, the book looks old.
Using the book, I find it useful.
_____ in thought, he almost ran into the car
in front of him. ( lose)
Dressed in white, she looks more
• be lost in
• be dressed in • be caught in the rain
• be interested in • be seated in
• be devoted to • be prepared for
• be supposed to • be determined to
generally speaking 一般说来
strictly/ frankly speaking 严格地说/坦白地说
judging from 从…判断
all things considered 从整体来看
taking all things into consideration 全面看来
例如：Judging from his face, he must be ill.
Generally speaking, dogs can run faster than pigs.
总的来说，狗比猪跑得快。 （speaking 不是dogs
• 1. Complete each sentences using the P.P. of
the right verb.
build frighten trap follow shoot see examine
1 Frightened by noises in the night, the girl no longer
dared to sleep in her room.
2 The lady returned home, ________ by two policemen.
3 After having been _________ carefully, the room was
4.______ in 1949, the exhibition hall is over 50 years old.
build frighten trap follow shoot see examine
5 _____ from a distance, the Opera
House looks like ship sails.
6 If _____ in a burning building, you
should send for help.
7 Although ______ in the leg, he
continued firing at the police.
1D____ time ,he will make a first-class tennis
A Having given B To give C Giving D Given
___in 1636 ,Harvard is one of the most famous
universities in the United States .
A Being founded B It was founded
C Founded D Founding
3 Unless __to speak ,you should remain silent at
the conference .
A invited B inviting
C being invited D having invited
___,but he still couldn’t understand it .
A He had been told many times
B Having been told many times
C Told many times
D Although he had been told many times
5 When first ___to the market , these products
enjoyed great success .
A introducing B introduced
C introduce D being introduced
6 There seemed to be nothing C
___to do but
___for the doctor .
A leave / send B left / to send
C left / send D leaving / send
作介词but ,expect ,besides 的宾语，前面又有实意动词
7____everywhere , the wolves had no where
A Hunting / hiding B To hunt / to hide
C Hunted / hiding D Hunted / to hide
8 . The ___ morning, the father came into the
lonely house, ___ by his naughty boy.
A. following, following B. followed, followed
C. following, followed D. followed, following
9. Mrs. White was glad to see the nurse ___
after her son and was pleased to see the boy
well ___ care of in the nursery.
A. looked; taken B. looking; taken
C. looked; took D. looking; taking
10. The murderer was brought in, with his
hands ___ behind his back.
A. being tied B. having tied
C. to be tied D. tied
11. ___ more attention, the trees could have
A. Given B. To give
C. Giving D. Having given