Past Participle (PowerPoint)

Document Sample
Past Participle (PowerPoint) Powered By Docstoc
					Past Participle

 As the adverbial
   Find four examples in the
 reading passage that use the
past participle as the adverbial
• Worried about the journey, I was unsettled
  for the first few days.
• Well-known for their expertise, his parents’
  company …..
• Confused by the new surroundings, I was
  hit by the lack of fresh air.
• Exhausted, I slid into the bed and fell fast
发生的背景或情况,其等同于一个状语从句。vt 过去
完成,vi 过去分词表示状态或动作的完成。

Heated , water changes into steam .
The professor came in, followed by a group of
young people .
1 作原因状语,等于as / since / because 引导从句
Moved by what she said ,we couldn’t help crying .
= ( As we are moved by what she said …

 2 作时间状语,等于when 引导时间从句,如果分词表
 while / until 等使时间意义更明确。
 When heated , water can be changed into steam .
 Seen from the hill ,the park looks very beautiful .=
 ( When the park is seen from the hill…
3 作条件状语等于 if / whether 引导从句
Given more attention , the cabbages could have
grown better .= ( If they have been given more
attention ….
Compared with you , we still have a long way to
go = ( If we are compared with you …

4 作方式或伴随状语
The actress came in , followed by her fans .
She sat by the window , lost in thought .
5 作让步状语
Much tired ,he still kept on working .=(Although
he was tired ,) he ….
 6 独立主格结构: 当分词的逻辑主语不是主句主语时,
 The boy rushed into the classroom , his face
 covered with sweat .
 All things considered ,your article is of great
 value than hers .
 Rewrite with proper conjunctions
• Example : United we stand, divided we fall.
 If we are united, we will stand, but if we are
   divided,we will fall.
  1 Asked what had happened, he told us about it.
 → When he was asked what had happened, …
 2 Well known for his expert advice, he received many
 invitations to give lectures.
 →      Because he was well known for his expert
        advice, …
3 Given more time, we would be able to do the
  work much better.
   If we were given more time,
4 Once translated into Chinese, the book became
  very popular among Chinese teenagers.
   Once it was translated into Chinese,
5 Deeply interested in medicine, she decided to
  become a doctor.
 Because she was deeply interested in medicine,
6 Left alone at home, Sam did not feel afraid at all.
         Although he was left alone at home,
Seeing these pictures, I couldn’t help
   thinking of those days when I was in
   Beijing .____ from the top of a thirty-
   storeyed building, Beijing looks more
   magnificent. (see)
• 选择现在分词还是过去分词,关键看主句
• 的主语。
• Used for a long time, the book looks old.
• 由于用了很长时间,这本书看上去很旧。
  Using the book, I find it useful.
• 在使用的过程中,我发现这本书很有用
 _____ in thought, he almost ran into the car
 in front of him. ( lose)
Dressed in white, she looks more
 beautiful.( dress)
•   be lost in
•   be dressed in       •   be caught in the rain
•   be interested in    •   be seated in
•   be devoted to       •   be prepared for
•   be supposed to      •   be determined to
  generally speaking 一般说来
  strictly/ frankly speaking 严格地说/坦白地说
   judging from 从…判断
   all things considered 从整体来看
   taking all things into consideration 全面看来
 例如:Judging from his face, he must be ill.
Generally speaking, dogs can run faster than pigs.
总的来说,狗比猪跑得快。 (speaking 不是dogs
• 1. Complete each sentences using the P.P. of
  the right verb.
  build frighten   trap    follow   shoot   see   examine

1 Frightened by noises in the night, the girl no longer
dared to sleep in her room.
2 The lady returned home, ________ by two policemen.
3 After having been _________ carefully, the room was
locked again.
4.______ in 1949, the exhibition hall is over 50 years old.
build frighten   trap   follow   shoot   see   examine

5 _____ from a distance, the Opera
  House looks like ship sails.
6 If _____ in a burning building, you
  should send for help.
7 Although ______ in the leg, he
  continued firing at the police.
1D____ time ,he will make a first-class tennis
player .
A Having given B To give C Giving D Given
 ___in 1636 ,Harvard is one of the most famous
universities in the United States .
A Being founded         B It was founded
C Founded               D Founding
3 Unless __to speak ,you should remain silent at
the conference .
A invited        B inviting
C being invited D having invited
 ___,but he still couldn’t understand it .
A He had been told many times
B Having been told many times
C Told many times
D Although he had been told many times
5 When first ___to the market , these products
enjoyed great success .
A introducing B introduced
C introduce    D being introduced
6 There seemed to be nothing C
                             ___to do but
___for the doctor .
A leave / send      B left / to send
C left / send       D leaving / send

  作介词but ,expect ,besides 的宾语,前面又有实意动词

7____everywhere , the wolves had no where
___themselves .
A Hunting / hiding     B To hunt / to hide
C Hunted / hiding      D Hunted / to hide
 8 . The ___ morning, the father came into the
lonely house, ___ by his naughty boy.

A. following, following   B. followed, followed
C. following, followed    D. followed, following

9. Mrs. White was glad to see the nurse ___
after her son and was pleased to see the boy
well ___ care of in the nursery.
A. looked; taken          B. looking; taken
C. looked; took           D. looking; taking
10. The murderer was brought in, with his
hands ___ behind his back.

A. being tied            B. having tied
C. to be tied            D. tied

11. ___ more attention, the trees could have
grown better.
A. Given              B. To give
C. Giving             D. Having given

Shared By: