Ubungen.k5 by tangshuming

VIEWS: 9 PAGES: 12

									Übungen für Kapitel 5: DER DATIV (COPL DAY)
WORK IN PAIRS AND TRANSLATE INTO GERMAN.

(Based on verbs taking dative on 162-3. Glossed words are underlined with gloss at far right.)

SYNTAX of dative + accusative (double) objects:
   1) When accusative object is a NOUN, it FOLLOWS a dative noun. Ich gebe meinem Bruder
      ein weißes Hemd.
   2) BUT when the accusative object is a PRONOUN, it PRECEDES any dative whether a noun
      or pronoun. Ich gebe es meinem Bruder. Ich gebe es ihm.

1. (empfehlen) I recommend the film to you (informal; then formal). (r Film)
 I recommend it to you (both ways)
2. Hans gives Helga the book.
  Hans gives it to her.
3. I believe it of him.              I believe it of her.
  I believe it of them.
4. We are buying the car from Hans Müller.
  We are buying the car from him.
  We are buying it from him.
5. (leihen) My brother lends me the shirts.
  My brother lends them to me.
6. I say it to you all (fam.).
  I say it to you all (formal).
7. We give her the blouse (as a gift).
  We give it to her.
8. I send the letter to my grandmother. der Brief,-e
                          my male cousin.
  I send it to her.
              him.
9. We write letters to our aunts in Hamburg.
  We write the letters to them.
  We write them to them.
10. (zeigen) I show you the shirts and you show me the skirts.
11. (wünschen) They wish us a happy birthday.
   We wish them a happy birthday.
13. I show you the pants and he shows her the suits.
14. We buy gifts for them and they write us a thank-you letter. der Dankbrief

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15. The saleswoman shows you (inf.pl.) white tennis socks (p. 148) and shows me sweaters.
16. 1: How do you like this checkered shirt in blue? 2: The color doesn't suit me well. Show me
a striped one in orange or red.


II. Pronoun substitution drill with dative and accusative.
Simple sentence German word order is:

       Subject + Verb + dative noun/pronoun + accusative noun
1)      Ich schenke meiner Mutter         den Brief.
2)                           ihr

BUT if accusative noun is substituted with a pronoun, that goes first:
        Subject + Verb + accusative pronoun + dative noun/pronoun
1) Ich schenke ihn                 meiner Mutter.
2)                                       ihr.

STATE FOUR WAYS:
1) BOTH NOUNS.
2) SUBSTITUTE DATIVE NOUN FOR PRONOUN.
3) SUBSTITUTE ACCUSATIVE NOUN FOR PRONOUN AND USE DATIVE NOUN.
4) SUBSTITUTE BOTH NOUNS FOR PRONOUNS.

1. Eva / schenken / ihr Mann / eine Lederjacke.


2. Jochen / kaufen / seine Tochter / ein Fahrrad.


3. Marcus / bringen / seine Frau / die Tasche.


4. Der Kellner / servieren / die Kunden / der Schokoladekuchen.


5. Mutti / kaufen / ihre Kinder / das Müsli.


6. Herr Peters / bringen / seine Kundinnen / die Badeanzüge.


7. Hans / leihen / seine Freunde / seine Bücher.



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Übersetzungsübungen in Vorbereitung für die Prüfung Kapitel 5

I. Verbs taking dative, clothing Don't use "für" but dative in this set for “for” + person.)
1. I buy a hat for my sister.
2. You buy a pajama (r Pyjama) for your father.
3. We buy boots for our children.
4. I give (as gift) a skirt to my sister.
5. We give (as gift) slippers to our nephews.
6. ¿Do you (du) give (as gift) a handbag to your mother?
II. Farben und "Beim Einkaufen" S. 143.
1. Which size and which color do you need?
2. How do you (formal) like this polka dot dress in green?
3. How do you (formal) like this flower-print blouse in lilac?
4. How do you (formal) like this striped shirt in yellow?
5. How do you (formal) like this checkered suit in brown?
6. The shirt in light blue is of cotton but the blouse in navy blue is synthetik.
7. This patterned shirt in green looks good on you (du person).
8. This striped shirt in red looks good on you (Sie person).
9. The (m) customer pays 250 Marks for the shirt in gray up front at the cash register.
10. The (f) customer pays 275 Marks for the blouse in beige at the cash register.
11. Which coat size do you (formal) need?
12. Which shoe size do you (formal) need?
13. Which color looks good on you?
14. These shoes don't fit me.
15. How do you like this striped shirt in navy blue?


III. Im Geschäft. (see food vocab. 152 and phrases in "Einkaufstag für Jutta" Akt. II on p. 155).
1. Jutta is giving a party. First she goes to the bakery. There she buys bread rolls.
2. Then she goes to the Supermarket and buys salt, pepper, and sugar.
3. She also needs meat. She goes into the butcher shop and buys cold cuts, liverwurst, chicken,
and beef.
4. She needs some granola. Therefore she also goes to the natural food stores. There she also
buys raw milk.

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5. At the fruit and vegetable stand she buys apples, carrots, potatoes and cauliflower.
6. She must buy some juices, therefore she goes to the drink shop.
7. Then she goes to the drug store and buys aspirin.
8. Then she goes to the variety store and buys toothpaste and makeup.
9. Finally she goes to the dessert shop and buys chocolate cake and apple strudel.
IV. "Neue Wörter" p. 146 and "gefallen" with dative
1. I like my steak almost (fast) raw.
2. We like apricots.
3. They like ham and pork.
4. I like yoghurt and cherries.
5. Do you (du) like chocolate ice cream?
6. No, I like vanilla ice cream.


Grammatische Übungen Kapitel 5
I. Verben mit Dativ. (p. 161; refer to food vocabulary on p. 152)
1. I recommend to you (formal) the beef.
2. He recommends to us the turkey.
3. I recommed the ham, it is smoked.
4. They recommend to us the wienerschnitzel.
5. We give them the coffee.
6. I give him the men's shirts.
7. They give us men's jackets and women's jackets.
8. I give you (inf. pl.) grapes and bananas.
9. I believe you. Do you (du) believe me?
10. They believe it of us.
11. I believe it of him.
12. I buy her a skirt.
13. She buys him a shirt.
14. I lend them the books.
15. They lend us the sugar.
16. I lend you (du) the coat.


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17. I tell the (m) customer the truth (die Wahrheit).
18. They tell her the truth.
19. I tell you (inf.pl.) the truth.
20. I give (as gift) the shirts to my brothers.
21. You (formal) give (as gift) the shoes to the children.
22. We write to our parents.
23. They write her a letter.
24. She writes them a letter.
25. I send her a gift.
26. She sends him a gift.
27. I wish you (inf.pl) Merry Xmas (Fröhliche Weinachten).
28. Do you (inf.pl.) wish them a Merry Xmas?
29. He wishes her a Happy New Year (ein glückliches neues Jahr).
30. The (f) saleswoman shows the (m) customer a shirt in navy blue.
31. The (m) salesman shows the (f) customer a blouse in light blue.
32. The woman buys the man (use dat. of Herr) a ring for (his) birthday.
33. The man (Herr) buys the woman a diamond (einen Diamanten) for her silver anniversary
(Silberhochzeit).


II. Verben mit einem Dativobjekt, S. 162-3
A. Danken: I thank the man/woman/child/children/God/you (du)/you (Sie)/ you (ihr) / them


B. Gefallen: I like (noun/ or it/that). (backwards: Noun (it/that) is/are pleasing to...+ dative)
1. I like cherries.
2. Do you (du) like potatoes?
3. Do you (Sie) like grapes?
4. Do you (ihr) cauliflower?
5. Does he like boots?
6. Do they like Wienerschnitzel?
7. I don't like it that Germans speak so fast. (Hint: it pleases me not, that....)




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C. gehören
1. The shirt belongs to her.
2. The tie belongs to him.
3. The glasses belong to me.
4. Do the pants belong to you (Sie)?
5. The toothpaste belongs to them.
6. Does the chicken belong to you (pl.inf.)?


D. helfen
1. I help the woman.
2. Can you (du) help the children?
3. She helps the (m) student.
4. They help us.
5. We help Jörg and his sister.
6. You (pl.inf.) help Karla and her brother.


E. passen
1. Size 46 doesn't fit me.
2. Does size 39 fit you (du)?
3. Does size 41 fit her?
4. Does size 43 fit him?
5. Size 42 doesn't fit you (pl.inf.)?


F. schmecken
1. Does the coffee taste good to you (du)?
2. Does the cake taste good to you (ihr)?
3. Do the cookies taste good to you (Sie)?
4. Do the strawberries taste good to you (du)?
5. The broccoli does not taste good to him.




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G. gut/schlecht stehen
1. The shirt looks good on him.
2. The skirt looks good on her.
3. The dress looks bad on you (du).
4. The coat looks bad on you (Sie)
5. Do the pants look good on me?


Summary exercise: Verbs with dative object only
1. I thank you (inf.pl.) for the card.
2. They thank you (formal) for the card.
3. How do you (inf.sg.) like this suit?
4. How do you (inf.pl.) like these shirts?
5. How do you (inf.pl.) like the liverwurst?
6. How do you (inf.sg.) like the pants?
7. How do you (formal) like the hats?
8. How do you (formal) like the camera?
9. The Mercedes belongs to my brother: the VW belongs to me.
10. The coat belongs do me. Do the gloves belong to you?
11. The (f) saleswoman helps the (m) customer with the mens' shirts.


IV. Präpositionen mit dem Dativ (164-5)
-aus-
1. Gerta comes out of the house.
2. Paul comes out of the butcher shop.
3. Sandra comes out of the bakery.
4. Rolf comes out of the natural foods store.
5. Gertrud comes out of the dessert shop.
-bei-
6. The bakery is near the market place.
7. The drink shop is near the main railroad station (Hauptbahnhof,m.).
8. The drug store is near the Supermarket.


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9. You can find chic women's blouses at Gisie's.
10. You can find new mens' shirts at Horton's.
11. Manfred works at Benz-Daimler.
12. Suzanne works at IG-Farben.
13. Sybille lives with her aunt.
14. Jörg lives with his grandfather.
-mit-
15. Herr Günter goes shopping with his wife.
16. Frau Sulzmann goes shopping with her husband.
17. The Grüns go shopping with their children.
18. Can you go with me to the supermarket?
19. We travel by bus.
20. They travel by train.
21. She travels by plane.
22. He travels by bike (das Fahrrad).
-nach-
23. The bus travels to Berlin.
24. The plan travels to München.
25. We travel to Nürnberg.
26. After lunch we go home.
26. After dinner they go shopping.
-seit-
27. Since yesterday we have bad weather.
28. Since Monday we have snow (der Schnee).
29. For a month she buys only fruit and yoghurt in the natural foods store.
30. For two months we buy meat at Horst's.
-von-
31. The chocolate cake is fresh from the dessert store.
32. The liverwurst is fresh from the butcher's.
33. Helga comes straight from the train station.
34. Frank comes straight from the city hall (das Rathaus).


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35. This book, Mein Kampf, is by Hitler.
36. This play (das Theaterstück), Faust, is by Goethe.
-zu-
37. Today we go to the marketplace.
38. Today Helga goes to the Konditorei.
39. Today they go to the drug store.
40. Today we go to the variety store (Drogerie).
41. He is at home.
42. For breakfast they eat granola and fruit.
43. For lunch we eat mixed salad and chicken.
44. For dinner she eats steak and french fries with apple juice.


V. Fragefürwörter (Interrogatives) (wo, wohin, woher) (164-5)
1. Where is she from?
2. Where is he going?
3. Where are my apples?
4. Where is the bakery?
5. Where do you get the good sausage?


VI. Der-words (dieser-this; jeder-each; welcher-which). (165-6)
1. Each woman wears a skirt and a blouse.
2. Each man wears pants and a shirt.
3. Each child (das Kind) wears Lederhosen and a shirt in white.
4. This coat fits me well.
5. This blouse fits her well.
6. These shoes don't fit me.
7. This hat looks good on me.
8. These glasses look good on her.
9. Which shoes would you (formal) like?
10. Which shirt would you (formal) like?
11. Which blouse would you (formal) like?


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12. These shoes are uncomfortable for me.
13. Are these glasses uncomfortable on you?
14. Are you (form.) satisfied (zufrieden) with these pants?
15. Are you (form.) satisfied with these shoes?
16. Is she satisfied with this blouse?
17. Is he satisfied with this shirt?
18. I don't like these shoes.
19. They don't like these grapes.
20. Which shoes fit you (formal)?
21. Which fruits do you (inf.pl.) like?
22. Which meat do you (formal) like?
23. Which women do you know?
24. Which man does she know in Berlin?
25. Which woman does he know in Düsseldorf?
26. Which children do we know in Essen?




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Answer key to: Dativübungen
A. Danken: I thank the man/woman/child/children/God/you (du)/you (Sie)/ you (ihr) / them.
Ich danke dem Herrn (dem Mann)/der Frau/dem Kind/den Kindern/Gott/dir/Ihnen/euch/ihnen.
B. Gefallen: I like (noun/ or it/that). (backwards: Noun (it/that) is/are pleasing to...+ dative).
(SING. NOUN + SG. VERB, PL. NOUN + PL. VERB)
1. I like cherries. Kirschen gefallen mir (Mir gefallen Kirschen).
2. Do you (du) like potatoes? Gefallen dir Kartoffeln?
3. Do you (Sie) like grapes? Gefallen Ihnen Weintrauben?
4. Do you (ihr) cauliflower? Gefällt euch Blumenkohl?
5. Does he like boots? Gefallen ihm Stiefel?
6. Do they like Wienerschnitzel? Gefällt ihnen Wienerschnitzel?
7. I don't like it that Germans speak so fast. (Hint: it pleases me not, that....) Es gefällt mir nicht,
daß die Deutschen so schnell sprechen.
C. gehören
1. The shirt belongs to her. Das Hemd gehört ihr.
2. The tie belongs to him. Der Schlips (die Kravatte) gehört ihm.
3. The glasses belong to me. Die Brille gehört mir. (sing.)
4. Do the pants belong to you (Sie)? Gehört die Hose Ihnen? (sing.)
5. The toothpaste belongs to them. Die Zahnpasta gehört ihnen.
6. Does the chicken belong to you (pl.inf.)? Gehört euch das Hähnchen?
D. helfen
1. I help the woman. Ich helfe der Frau.
2. Can you (du) help the children? Kannst du den Kindern helfen?
3. She helps the (m) student. Sie hilft dem Studenten (weak -n noun). 4. They help us. Sie
helfen uns.
5. We help Jörg and his sister. Wir helfen Jörg und seiner Schwester. 6. You (pl.inf.) help Karla
and her brother. Ihr helft Karla und seinem Bruder.
E. passen
1. Size 46 doesn't fit me. Grösse 46 passt mir nicht.
2. Does size 39 fit you (du)? Passt dir Grösse 39?
3. Does size 41 fit her? Passt ihr Grösse 41?
4. Does size 43 fit him? Passt ihm Grösse 43?
5. Size 42 doesn't fit you (pl.inf.)? Passt euch Grösse 42 nicht?

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F. schmecken
   1. Does the coffee taste good to you (du)? Schmeckt dir gut der Kaffee?
   2. Does the cake taste good to you (ihr)? Schmeckt euch gut der Kuchen?
   3. Do the cookies taste good to you (Sie)? Schmecken Ihnen gut die Kekse?
   4. Do the strawberries taste good to you (du)? Schmecken dir gut die Erdbeeren?
   5. The broccoli does not taste good to him. Der Brokkoli schmeckt ihm nicht gut.
G. gut/schlecht stehen
1. The shirt looks good on him. Das Hemd steht ihm gut.
2. The skirt looks good on her. Der Rock steht ihr gut.
3. The dress looks bad on you (du). Das Kleid steht dir schlecht.
4. The coat looks bad on you (Sie). Der Mantel steht Ihnen schlecht.
5. Do the pants look good on me? Steht mir die Hose gut?




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