NCOIC Semantic Wiki

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					NCOIC Semantic Wiki
        Aaron Budgor
        Bruno Carron
      Stephan Chevalier
         Ken Cureton
          Mills Davis
          Vish Dixit
        Steve Russell
       Conor Shankey
      Jacques-Arial Sirat
      John A. Yanosy Jr




                            2
Topics

+ Background & schedule — John Yanosy & Steve Russell
+ Presenter bios — Mills Davis & Conor Shankey
+ Semantic wiki
+ Semantic wiki concept of operation
+ NCOIC Work Group sample scenarios
+ Demos




                                                    3
Mills Davis
202-667-6400 • mdavis@project10x.com


                     +   Mills Davis is Project10X’s founder and managing
                         director for industry research and strategic programs.
                         He consults with technology manufacturers, global
                         2000 corporations, and government agencies on
                         next-wave semantic technologies and solutions.

                     +   Mills serves as co-chair of the Federal CIO council’s
                         Semantic Interoperability Community of Practice
                         (SICoP) where he leads research into the business
                         value of semantic technologies and the Semantic
                         Wikis for Information Management (SWIM) working
                         group. Also, Mills is a founding member of the AIIM
                         interoperable enterprise content management (iECM)
                         working group, and a founding member of the
                         National Center for Ontology Research (NCOR).

                     +   A noted researcher and industry analyst, Mills has
                         authored more than 100 reports, whitepapers,
                         articles, and industry studies.

                                                                              4
Conor Shankey
604-730-0086 • cshankey@visualknowledge.com


                     +   Founder and CEO of Visual Knowledge — a 15
                         year old software company specializing in semantic
                         wikis, enterprise class semantic applications, and highly
                         scaleable semantic agent technology.

                     +   Architected largest corporate wan/lan of it’s kind outside
                         US in 1990 as part of an enterprise transactional frame
                         system to supplement/replace mission critical mainframe
                         systems of large power utility.

                     +   CTO/co-founder of several spin out companies from
                         Visual Knowledge. Also, co-founder Clera
                         Pharmaceuticals, a small anti-psychotic drug discovery
                         company

                     +   Member of the NCOR technical committee, Chair of
                         2006 OWL workshop (International Semantic Web
                         Conference), and industry studies.




                                                                               5
NCOIC Semantic Wiki
  Pilot Proposal




                      6
The original WIKI* idea




+ “A web site where anybody can create/edit a web page”
+ Structure
     + is not pre-determined
     + invented & evolved by community
     + neither top down or bottom up

+ Quick collaborative writing
+ Non-linear hypertext
* Wiki is the short form for “wiki wiki web,” from the Hawaiian expression “wiki wiki” meaning fast or quick.

                                                                                                                7
WIKI concepts

+ Authoring via web browser — Also, uploading of arbitrary
  (multimedia) content
+ Simplified wiki syntax — Very simple markup for authors
+ Collaborative editing — Any page can be immediately contributed
  to, extended, revised, corrected assuming you have the right
  privileges
+ Rollback mechanism — All changes are versioned, audited and
  transparent to the community
+ Strong linking — “Concepts” in text can immediately become active
  resources (pages/links)
+ Search — Typically, a full text search capability


                                                                    8
Benefits of the wiki idea

Wiki way:                           Versus:
+ Distinct concepts or topics are   + Each person edits a copy of
  built on the fly                    the document
+ Discourse forms around or in      + A poor soul merges the results
  the context of a topic
+ Eliminates serialized document    + Expensive file shares
  work flow
                                    + E-mailing bulky documents
+ Team or community members
  can immediately see               + “Versions” of opaque
  commentary in the context of a      documents everywhere
  topic
                                    + “Organizing” documents in
                                      hierarchal file system


                                                                    9
Semantics?
It’s what we do every second.
What?                                  How?
+ Convert data into something we       + Identification—concept encoding
  can comprehend…
                                       + Generalization—organizing
+ By developing or applying              concepts by kind
  concepts…
                                       + Aggregation—organizing
+ Quickly relating them to instances     complexes into simpler concepts
  in the world…
                                       + Common Properties—
+ Applying and revising our world        relationships (connecting
  models, and…                           properties), & attributes (flat
                                         properties)
+ Sharing our thoughts with others
                                       + Naming Conventions— terms /
                                         phrases; language


                                                                           10
Semantic Technologies:

Represent meanings & knowledge about things
so both computers and people can work with it




                                                11
Model knowledge about infrastructure,
information, behavior, & domain expertise
separately from programs, data, & documents




                                              12
Semantics

We have experience encoding our thoughts
and meanings…

Natural language    Documents, speech

Visual language     Tables, graphics, charts, maps

Formal language     Models, schema, logic, mathematics,
                    professional and scientific notations

Behavior language   Software code, declarative specifications,
                    functions, algorithms,

Sensory language    User experience (UX), human-computer
                    interface


                                                                 13
NCOIC Semantic Wiki Pilot Goal:

Manage concepts, relationships & models
across NCOIC products using a semantic wiki!




                                          14
Semantic Wikis

Make knowledge interoperable…




                                15
Semantic Technologies

Make knowledge executable…




                             16
NCOIC Semantic Wiki — Sample Screens




                                       17
   Semantic Wiki
Concept of Operation




                       18
The Problem

Document-Centric Work Group Processes
+ Inadequate process for reaching reasonable technical consensus
+ Costly & ineffective collaboration across work groups
+ Difficulty understanding & managing complex interrelationships
  across set of NCOIC products
+ Inefficient, error-prone, and time consuming process for aligning
  & harmonizing work products across work groups
+ Costly & ineffective process for managing changes and versions
  across NCOIC product set
+ Inability to support user needs to find all relevant NCOIC information
  and guidance in context
+ Lack comprehensive solution for compliance, export control,
  and jurisdictional viewing

                                                                      19
The Solution

Knowledge-Centric Work Group Process
                                 NCOIC Semantic Wiki Pilot
                                            Security, Control, Administration                             Users
 Information Sources
                                           NCOIC policy & reference knowledge
                                                Governance in wiki
                            INPUT               Jurisdictional viewing                OUTPUT
     Government                                  Member profiles/roles                               Government
                                                 Security, sign-on, etc.
                            Browse                                     Sign-on
   NCOIC Member             Search       Documents                     Authorize      Web          NCOIC Member
                            Assess       Web        SEMANTIC           Browse         Documents
                            Harvest      DBs       KNOWLEDGE           Search         Patterns
       Industry             Ingest       Models       BASE             Query          Models           Industry
                            Extract      Schemas                       Navigate
                            Categorize                                 Report
                                                      FT & WG Use
     Commercial                                                                                      Commercial
                                                     Search     Select
                                                     Navigate   Extract
    Public/Internet                                  Train      Annotate                            Public/Internet
                                         Setup       Import     Model
                                         Secure      Read       Report    Change
                                         Invite      Author     Harmonize Version
                                         Authorize   Edit       Consense Approve




                       CR            SII                 NCAT                   NIF          …    Other



                                                                                                                      20
NCOIC Semantic Wiki Pilot
Operational capabilities




                            21
NCOIC Semantic Wiki Pilot

User Roles


                 NCOIC Security & Export Control Experts
                 Apply law, regulation, policy to knowledge
                 access & sharing across boundaries


                          SEMANTIC
                       KNOWLEDGEBASE
  NCOIC WG Domain Experts                      NCOIC Modeling Experts
  Work with documents & concepts               Develop schemas, models
  in the semantic wiki                                      & ontologies




                                                                           22
 NCOIC Semantic Wiki Pilot

 Environment
NCOIC Semantic Wiki Alignment Environment
•Defines semantic relationships across WGs
•Enables collaborative development of visible harmonization across NCOIC work products
•Creates & manages NCOIC knowledge base and NCOIC ontology


     CR FT               SII WG                     NCAT WG                NIF WG
 Semantic Wiki        Semantic Wiki                Semantic Wiki         Semantic Wiki
                                          …
• WFR                • SCOPE Doc                 • Content Doc          •Problem
• Data Collection    • Reference Guide           • Object Model          Statement Doc
  Workbook           • SCOPE Ontology            • Relational Model     •Related standards
• Stakeholder List   • Standards                 • Related Standards
• CR Ontology          (OWL, WSDL)
• Navy VKR
  Ontology




                                                                                       23
    NCOIC Semantic Wiki Pilot
    Semantic Wiki and Integrated NCOIC Semantic Knowledge Base
                                                                                         Open
                                                        NCOIC Semantic Wiki            Standards
              NCOIC
                                                                                                Open
              Lexicon                                                                         Standards
                                                                                              Ontology
                                                                                                                   Building
                                                                    NCOIC
Customer                                                 NCOIC                                                     Blocks
                                                                  Integrated
Requirements                                           Integrated
                                                                  Knowledge                                               Building
-DAR,CADM, DAP
                             NCAT                       Ontology                                                           Blocks
-DoDAF to DRL                                                        Base                                                 Ontology
-JCIDS
                            NCAT Ontology
-PIM
-NCOW RM                                                                                                               NIF Patterns
-Capital Planning
-PPBE                                                                                                                         NIF Pattern
-Acquisition                 Mobility                                          Semantic Interoperability                       Ontology
-BCIDS                                                                         Patterns
-Net Ready KPPs                    Mobility Ontology                           -Information Exchange, Semantics
-KIPs
                                                                               -Services, Mediation
-DISRonlineProfiles
                                                                               -Msg Content Transformation
                                                                               -Collaboration, Workflow
        Customer                    IA                                         -Discovery, Context Awareness
       Requirements                                                            -Autonomicity, Management
                                   IA Ontology
         Ontology
                                                                                                             SIOP
                                                                                                            Ontology
                           Interoperability                  NCOIC               NCO
                               Causes                        SCOPE              Tenets
                              Document                      Document           Ontology
                         Interop                              SCOPE                     NCO Tenet
                        Ontology                              Ontology                   Ontology



                                                                                                                                 24
NCOIC Semantic Wiki Pilot
NCOIC Work Product Alignment Relationships Map (Subset)
     S&RL Workbook              FORCENet                     Building Blocks               NIF ver 2
                                 Workbook
      CR Ontology
                                                                                         MBWG MNO
     MECI Workbook                                              SCOPE
                               CR Workbook                     Document
      IA Workbook                                                                        MBWG MNE

      SII Workbook                                              SCOPE
                                                               Ref Guide
  MBWG Workbook

                                 CR WFR                                                 SII Source Docs
                                                                SCOPE
 CR Source Information
 -Documents                      CR WSBB                        Ontology
 -- Web sites
 -- Models                                                       NCAT
 -Frameworks                     Standards
 -Architectures
 -R&D                                                                   NCAT Engine
 -Experiments
 -Live Exercises                              NCAT Content
                                                                        NCAT Ontology


1.     Lines indicate technical alignment is required and complex and costly to perform
2.     Semantic Wiki will enable detailed alignment specifications to be developed and captured


                                                                                                       25
NCOIC Work Group
 Sample Scenarios




                    26
NCOIC Work Group Sample Scenarios

+ CR Ontology & CR Workbook Alignment
+ CR Topic Navigation Across Domains
+ CR/MECI Concept Traceability
+ SII SCOPE Document & Reference Guide Harmonization and Build
  SCOPE Ontology
+ NCOIC Information Alignment Trace/Query
+ NCAT Object & Relational Models/ SII SCOPE Alignment
+ NIF Consensus Building




                                                             27
NCOIC Work Groups

+ Customer Requirements Functional Team (CR)
+ Semantic Interoperability (SII)
+ Net-Centric Alignment Testing (NCAT)
+ Net-Centric Interoperability Framework (NIF)




                                                 28
Semantic Wiki Demo Elements



  CR Workbooks    SCOPE Ontology         WFR


  CR Data Model   SCOPE Ref Guide    PFCs/Patterns

   CR Ontology    SCOPE Document     Building Blocks



                    NCAT Engine
                    Object Model
                   NCAT Engine
                  Relational Model



                                                       29
 Collaborative Semantic Wiki Environment

NCOIC Semantic Wiki Alignment Environment
•Defines semantic relationships across WGs
•Enables collaborative development of visible harmonization across NCOIC work products
•Creates & manages NCOIC knowledge base and NCOIC ontology


     CR FT               SII WG                     NCAT WG                NIF WG
 Semantic Wiki        Semantic Wiki                Semantic Wiki         Semantic Wiki
                                          …
• WFR                • SCOPE Doc                 • Content Doc          •Problem
• Data Collection    • Reference Guide           • Object Model          Statement Doc
  Workbook           • SCOPE Ontology            • Relational Model     •Related standards
• Stakeholder List   • Standards                 • Related Standards
• CR Ontology          (OWL, WSDL)
• Navy VKR
  Ontology




                                                                                       30
Semantic Wiki Scenario—1
CR Ontology & CR Workbook Alignment

+ Import the CR Ontology into semantic wiki and extend to match
  the CR Workbook
+ Import CR Workbook model and data
+ Create CR knowledgebase (KB) semantic wiki concepts
+ Import information source (Systems of Systems-SOS) for matching
  with CR knowledgebase semantic wiki concepts (and data
  instances)
+ Results in X-cross product
    + (CR Ontology x CR Workbook Model x CR Workbook Data x
      Selected Doc)
    + CR Ontology = CR Workbook Model


                                                                    31
Semantic Wiki Scenario—2

CR Topic Navigation Across Domains

+ Extend new conceptual relationships between Sponsor
  documents for SOS Topic
+ Demonstrate view of all CR instances related to a topic
  CR semantic wiki selected concepts and - navigate
  across two different domains to find same topic
  referenced in different sources (Air Force SAB, OSD
  draft Sponsor, Systems of Systems Engineering Guide
  Topic)




                                                            32
Semantic Wiki Scenario—3

CR/MECI Concept Traceability
+ MECI Inf X CR Workbook (Extract MECI research information and
  apply to CR workbook)
    + COMCARE Web Site, OASIS Standards, DHS Architecture, (EDXL,
      CAP), SOA Web Services DMIS, EPAD, Senate Katrina Report

+ Demonstrates level of traceability among [Information Sources X
  (MECI Report) Gap Analysis x Requirements x
  Alternatives(Architectures, Frameworks) x Standards x
  Recommendations]

+ Demonstrate extensions for cross domain and alternative solutions -
  Other Mobile Communications initiatives that might apply [Other
  initiatives(BACN, STRATELLITE) - CR Workbook x MECI
  semantic wiki]


                                                                    33
Semantic Wiki Scenario—4
SII SCOPE Document & Reference Guide
Harmonization And Build SCOPE Ontology
+ Create a SCOPE semantic model (selected dimensions
  and values) using the semantic wiki
    + SCOPE Document
    + SCOPE Reference Guide

+ Harmonize (SCOPE Doc x Ref Guide)
+ Create SCOPE ontology




                                                       34
Semantic Wiki Scenario—5

NCOIC Information Alignment Trace/Query
+ Create a Well Formed Requirements (WFR) semantic
  model (Customer Operational Requirements) using
  the semantic wiki
+ Create sample operational functional area templates –
  choose communications and data sharing
+ Map MECI x SCOPE x WFR and harmonize
+ Query semantically against aligned NCO concepts
  & relationships




                                                          35
NCOIC Alignment Relationships Map (Subset)

     S&RL Workbook              FORCENet                     Building Blocks               NIF ver 2
                                 Workbook
      CR Ontology
                                                                                         MBWG MNO
     MECI Workbook                                              SCOPE
                               CR Workbook                     Document
      IA Workbook                                                                        MBWG MNE

      SII Workbook                                              SCOPE
                                                               Ref Guide
 MBWG Workbook

                                 CR WFR                                                 SII Source Docs
                                                                SCOPE
CR Source Information
-Documents                       CR WSBB                        Ontology
-- Web sites
-- Models                                                        NCAT
-Frameworks                      Standards
-Architectures
-R&D                                                                    NCAT Engine
-Experiments
-Live Exercises                               NCAT Content
                                                                        NCAT Ontology


1.     Lines indicate technical alignment is required and complex and costly to perform
2.     Semantic Wiki will enable detailed alignment specifications to be developed and captured


                                                                                                       36
Semantic Wiki Scenario—6

NCAT Object & Relational Models/
SII SCOPE Alignment
+ NCAT object model mapping with SII SCOPE
  dimensions and values
+ NCAT relational model and illustrate alignment
  with NCAT object model




                                                   37
Semantic Wiki Scenario—7

NIF Consensus Building
+ NIF consensus building around technical concepts
    + Concepts for functional areas
    + Concepts for PFCs, patterns




                                                     38
Background & Schedule




                        39
NCOIC Semantic Wiki Pilot
Plenary Presentations & Demonstrations
November 27–December 1, San Diego, CA
+   Monday Nov 27th Tech team sometime in 3-6 PM session -High Level -- 20min presentation

+   Tuesday Nov 28th NCAT Content/SII 8-10 AM -- 20 minute presentation

+   Wednesday Nov 29th 8:10 -9:00 AM Joint CR / SII Semantic Wiki – 50 min demo & prezo

+   Wednesday Nov 29th 11-12AM NCAT possible demo

+   Wednesday Nov 29th afternoon Semantic Interoperability Panel -- highlights (10 minute)

+   Thursday Nov 30 CR WFR Track 10-12 AM, -- 30 min presentation on semantic wiki

+   Thursday 1-4 PM Semantic Interoperability -- 60 minute demonstration with scenarios

+   Thursday Close of day outbrief --10 min highlights (out of 30 min)

+   Friday Morning Tech Team Wrap-up (Support statement, Benefit [e.g.Review Management],
    Recommendations, Request for Decision)

     +   Next Steps – (Approve pilot program -- formation of Semantic Wiki Team, Contract, IT
         Plan, Training Plan)




                                                                                                40
   Semantic Wiki
Concept of Operation
     (back-up)




                       41
Pilot Action Recommendations

+ Authorize the NCOIC Semantic Wiki Pilot
+ Charter NCOIC Semantic Team to:
    + Maintain the NCOIC semantic model
    + Technically support for Semantic Wiki Pilot
    + Manage creation of an Integrated Semantic Knowledge Base
+ Approve the Pilot Plan
    + Review Statement of Work
    + Allocate Pilot Budget
+ Execute the Semantic Wiki Pilot with participation from SII, CR, NCAT,
  Building Blocks, NIF
+ Write the Pilot Evaluation Report for the Tech Team



                                                                           42
NCOIC Semantic Wiki Pilot

Scope
+ Manage collaborative alignments across WGs
+   Support technical teams consensus building
+   Evaluate semantic wiki as cross-WG collaborative environment for:
     +   Cross organizational information product alignment activities
     +   Creation and management of information concepts in each COI
     +   Extraction and analysis of source information and linking to WG technical concepts
         (standards, customer docs, etc.)
     +   Knowledge version management
+   Establish Semantic ontologies and knowledge bases
     +   Evaluate Semantic Wiki to develop semantic ontologies related to semantic wiki concepts
     +   Evaluate ability to create model to align NCO information and initiatives
     +   Evaluate ability to develop NCO knowledge base using semantic models
     +   Evaluate ability to easily navigate and find relevant information
     +   Evaluate ability to mediate multiple ontologies
     +   Evaluate ability to automate semantic information discovery and import from any
+   Automate technical team activity reporting and status



                                                                                                   43
NCOIC Semantic Wiki Pilot

Benefits
Capability                   Benefit
1. Semantic wiki             WGs gain faster, more transparent, concept-centric technical collaboration for
   work group process        development, harmonization, life cycle change management, consensus
                             building, and approval of NCOIC work products including cross-product
                             semantic models.
2. Semantic search,          End-users and communities of interest (COIs) gain capability to access NCOIC
   query & navigation        knowledgebase semantically to find more relevant information with less effort.
3. Semantic content          WGs gain capability to upload documents, extract concepts and relationships,
   authoring, editing, and   explore concepts across sources, and post comments via web or email, with
   review                    content managed semantically across all sources. Semantic process is flexible,
                             faster, less error prone, than with document exchanges.
4. Semantic modeling         WGs gain capability to import schemas & models, edit & refactor them, link
                             concepts & relationships extracted from documents and other sources. WG
                             can exploit semantic models to develop, harmonize, and manage change to
                             concepts across WG products.
5. Semantic harmonization    WGs gain capability to flexibly map, align, integrate, restructure concepts
                             across work products, posting comments and documenting the results of
                             harmonization, enabling end-users to access consistent NCOIC knowledge.
6. Semantic change           WGs gain savings in time & effort through automated detection and impact
   management &              assessment changes to and versions of the NCOIC product set.
   versioning
7. Semantic security &       US & international partners gain comprehensive compliance for access to
   jurisdictional viewing    NCOIC knowledge, governed by applicable law (e.g. ITAR), policy & user role.



                                                                                                           44
NCOIC Semantic Wiki Pilot

Results for NCOIC
+   Improve collaborative development, access to, and lifecycle management of
    NCOIC work products — including documents, knowledgebases, and underlying
    semantic models.
+   Establish an easily used social computing fabric for collaboration and
    consensus building across all concepts and work products that NCOIC is
    developing in its multiple working groups.
+   Pilot test a semantic wiki based concept of operations that provides work group
    collaboration; semantic email discussion; semantic search, query & navigation;
    content authoring, editing, and review; semantic modeling; harmonization of work
    products and models; automated change management & versioning; and semantic
    security, jurisdictional viewing & export control.
+   Enable creation, management and sharing of ontologies aligned with work
    products that all NCOIC members can share and use in multiple situations,
    especially to relate NCO problems, operational and technical requirements, force
    capabilities, architectural frameworks, architectural patterns, standards, and
    technology enablers.
+   Establish a semantic knowledge base that integrates NCOIC information and
    ontologies (semantic models) so that all concepts become visible and easily
    discoverable from a COI and user context perspective, consistent with jurisdictional
    viewing and export controls.
+   Create knowledge-based, executable NCO tools and collaborative applications
    that provide value to our stakeholders.
                                                                                           45
NCOIC Semantic Wiki Pilot (at a glance)




                                          46
Semantic Wiki Concept of Operation

+ Set up a Work Group
+ Research & import information sources & models
+ Explore concepts in team room
+ Collaboratively author, edit work products
+ Build semantic models
+ Review, build consensus, approvals
+ Harmonize concepts across documents & work groups
+ Manage changes and versions
+ Apply security, jurisdictional viewing, export controls
+ Provide semantic search, query, and navigation
+ Automate knowledge extraction and reporting

                                                            47
Concept of Operation—1

Set up a Work Group

+ Form a work group in the semantic wiki — Can link
  to information in Kavi, if desired [ e.g., WG charter,
  members, work breakdown structure, schedule
  of meetings/events, schedule of deliverables].
+ Create separate WG semantic wiki environments;
  also cross-WG semantic wiki environments.
+ Send email invitations to join, email acceptances,
  establish member roles.




                                                           48
Concept of Operation—2
Research and import information sources & models

+ Upload WG resources— documents, models, work products,
  other sources.
+ Extract concepts/relationships found in sources
+ Manage semantic concepts:
    + Concept identity
    + Definition
    + Higher-level classes
    + Lower-level (more detailed) classes
    + Associations (see also)
    + Relationships


                                                           49
Concept of Operation—3

Explore concepts in Team Room
+ Engineers from one or more WGs form a “team room” in the
  semantic wiki to explore concepts, issues, and recommend
  resolution.
+ Discuss topics, author and post material in wiki, edit content of topic,
  identify concepts of interest.
+ Conduct threaded discussions in the semantic wiki as well as
  through email. Email threads include concept references; replies
  go directly to members as well as post to wiki organized by concept
  discussion.
+ Semantic wiki captures team room discussion and organizes
  it by concept.




                                                                        50
Concept of Operation—4

Collaboratively author, edit work products
+ E.g. -- Create an outline for a work product, extract
  concepts, & assign authoring responsibilities.
+ Author & edit concepts in draft.
    + Import text, graphics, & pictures.
    + Author new text, revisions to text
    + Update concepts, terms, etc.

+ Build document ontology (I.e., concepts & relationships)
  while authoring and reviewing.



                                                          51
Concept of Operation—5

Build semantic models
+ Identify and extract concepts & relationships of interest in a
  document as OWL instances.
+ Import RDF/OWL models from external source; also, import
  schemas of databases and XML documents, and expose them
  semantically.
+ Author, edit semantic models -- add classes, properties,
  relationships to named models. Most common semantic models
  are lists, taxonomies (hierarchies), thesauri, concept models,
  and ontologies.
+ Associate concept instances with classes in the semantic model.
+ Resulting knowledgebase can be semantically searched, queried,
  navigated & reported.



                                                                    52
Concept of Operation—6
Review, revise, build consensus, & gain approval

+ Establish a collaborative review process that encourages
  socialization of concepts and consensus building.
+ Also, a WG can link the work product to a review process setting
  forth steps, agreements needed, and evidence required for
  approval.
+ Invite reviewers to read, discuss, comment upon, and revise a WG
  work product in the wiki.
+ Discuss and comment in the semantic wiki or by semantic email
  thread that links to concepts in the work product, links to comments
  from different reviewers, links comments to original text, and makes
  all contributions visible to all reviewers in real-time.
+ Governance process may culminate with voting, or other annealing
  process to arrive at consensus.


                                                                     53
Concept of Operation—7
Harmonize concepts across documents & work groups

+ WGs agree on criteria and collaborative process for
  cross-product harmonization using the semantic wiki.
+ Edit/review cross-product terminology use, consistency,
  mapping of concepts, alignment of semantic models for
  gaps, overlaps, conflicts, differences in architectural
  perspective.
+ Take appropriate actions to resolve issues. Discuss
  via semantic email threads and posts to semantic wiki.
  Document resulting harmonization.




                                                            54
Concept of Operation—7
Harmonize concepts across documents & work groups (cont.)

+ As an outcome of harmonization activities:
+ Create and maintain a NCOIC harmonized integrated ontology
+ Create and maintain NCOIC domain ontology specific to WGs:
    + SCOPE Ontology
    + CR Workbook Ontology
    + NCAT Content Ontology
    + NIF Architectural Pattern Ontology
    + Standards Ontology
    + VKR Liaison



                                                               55
Concept of Operation—8

Manage changes and versions
+ Use the semantic wiki to help automate management of changes,
  upgrades, and version of NCOIC work group products.
+ Query how proposed changes in content/ concept/ & semantic
  model affect NCOIC work products. Query result identifies issues
  and their ownership & suggests resolutions to traceability, conflicts,
  misalignments, etc..
+ WGs examine issues. Discussions in semantic wiki or via semantic
  email threads.
+ Document proposed revisions, resolutions.
+ Collaboratively review, consensus building, and governance process
  leads to approval and version release.



                                                                       56
Concept of Operation—9

Provide semantic search, query, and navigation

+ Provide semantic search, query, and navigation that
  makes all NCOIC information visible and discoverable
  from a community of interest (COI) and end-user context
  perspective.
+ Provide semantic search, query, and navigation
  capabilities that deliver more relevant information, more
  easily than using conventional text, key word, or web-
  based information retrieval.




                                                              57
Concept of Operation—10
Apply security, jurisdictional viewing, & export controls

+ Implement granular/flexible security, role access, governance,
  jurisdictional viewing, & export controls in the semantic wiki.
+ Set-up a “policy wiki”. Import authorizing regulations, policies,
  and guidance documents.
+ Identify & extract governance concepts and incorporate these into
  semantic security models that govern who can do what, and under
  what circumstances.
+ “Wire” these concepts into semantic wiki behaviors.
+ Simulate & test to ensure full traceability and accountability from
  policy document, to model,to system behavior.




                                                                        58
Concept of Operation—11

Automate knowledge extraction & reporting

+ Incorporate natural language processing into
  the semantic wiki
+ Automate knowledge extraction
+ Automate question answering and reporting




                                                 59
Backup




         60
NCOIC Problems
                                                    Discover
                                                   Sufficiently
                                                    Granular
                  Mutually                            Info                         External
                 Consistent                                                       COI Query
                   State                                Not providing            into NCOIC
                                   Not achieving
                                                                           Not providing
 Collaborativ
      e
  Alignment                                   NCOIC
                  Failure to identify,                                  Not understanding
   Activity                                 Work Products
                  Specify, manage                                       & managing
                Costly where identified               External                        Alignment
                                                     Initiatives,                   Relationships
                                                   Info Sources

            Failure to integrate                                        Not achieving

                                                                              Technical
    Knowledge Capture
                                      No traceability                        Consensus
                                      Across WGs
                                                   Validate
                                                    NCOIC
                                                   Concepts


                                                                                                    61
NCOIC Semantic Wiki Solution
NCOIC Problem                                               Organizational                     Wiki Process                       SWiki Collaboration
1. Not achieving reasonable technical consensus on          Attract sufficient participation   Utilize a consensus building       Provide a single on-line and easily navigable
NCOIC work products and concepts across the                 to gain credibility                on-line environment rather         collaborative environment that captures all
NCOIC community                                                                                than approval process              comments and contributions across all NCOIC
                                                                                                                                  content

2. Not understanding and managing the complex               Create Alignment WG to             Specify process to manage          Provide extensible, integrated on-line Semantic
complementary relationships across the set of NCOIC         identify major relationships,      alignment relationships status     Wiki concept model supporting specification of
work products and information sources used to create        tech teams work details                                               alignment across all NCOIC information content
them



3. Failure to Identify, specify, and enable specific        Mandate Alignment WG to            Specify process for alignment      SWiki specifies a concept model covering all
collaborative activities to align the work products to a    identify and kickoff alignment     activity to be followed for each   major NCOIC information alignment
mutually consistent state                                   activities                         cross WG                           relationships


4. Costly and inefficient collaborations across working     Alignment WG responsible for       Specify alignment process to       Enable WG members to specify alignment
groups                                                      managing alignment process         be part of initial COI activity,   concepts as they work their COI work products
                                                            against alignment map              rather than a catch up activity    from the beginning instead of waiting till finished
                                                                                                                                  with their own WG product
5. Failure to capture knowledge created by NCOIC                           NA                  Makes visible consensus state      Semantic Wiki captures all contributed content,
associates that investigate, describe and specify the                                          of each contribution               makes visible, discoverable within aligned
complex concepts comprising the NCOIC work                                                                                        NCOIC information map. Also enables capture
products in a manner that is traceable and that                                                                                   of consensus state of each contribution.
validates the NCOIC developed concepts




6. Inability to support user’s needs to find all relevant                  NA                                 NA                  Supports complex queries against the internals
NCOIC information and concepts at a sufficient                                                                                    of NCOIC information work products, not just at
granular level                                                                                                                    a file level.


7. Inability to provide NCOIC information from the                         NA                                 NA                  Supports a variety of query views that have
perspective of different COIs                                                                                                     vocabulary and query capability oriented to
                                                                                                                                  different COIs.




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Proposed Use Cases
A. Required Documents to use in Semantic Wiki Demo - who will provide guidance to demo team
1.    SCOPE Document and Reference Guide (J. Yanosy) (Available)
2.    NCAT documents (A. Budgor) (Available)
3.    CR Workbooks and CR Data Model/Ontology and Stakeholder List (S. Russell) (?)
4.    CR Well Formed Requirement/Well Specified Building Block functional area templates (??)
5.    NIF documents ver 2 (A. Jones, F. Lebas, ??) (Available)


B. Semantic Wiki Demo Scenarios
1.    Capture SCOPE Dimensions and Values concepts from the SCOPE documents (J.Yanosy, H. Polzer)
2.    Capture NCAT concepts from NCAT documents (A. Budgor, Dixit, A. Meilich, ??)
3.    Capture Requirements Dimensions and Values concepts from the CR Team's Well Formed Requirement/Well Specified Building Block
4.    Capture Global Aspects Dimensions and Values of PFCs from NIF v1 document
5.    Capture DoD NR-KPP and Network Centric metrics work from OFT, JFCOM, DISA and W2COG documents (optional)
6.    Harmonize and relate selected CR, SCOPE and NCAT (and optionally NR-KPP) Concepts through collaborative aspects of Semantic Wiki (J. Yanosy, A.
      Budgor, V. Dixit, A. Meilich, ??)
7.    Capture concepts from the Customer Requirements (CR) Workbooks (S. Russell)
8.    Harmonize and related selected Customer Requirements Workbook concepts with Harmonized SCOPE/NCAT Concepts (S. Russell, J. Yanosy)
9.    Capture NIF ver 2 concepts from documents and email threads (A. Jones, F. Lebas)
10.    Capture concepts from a few selected standards, WSDL, IPv6,
11.    Relate standards concepts to SCOPE/NCAT/CR harmonized concepts (All)
12.    Illustrate continuous lifecycle management or governance within Semantic Wiki (Modification of one or more concepts affecting multiple WGs)


C. General Demo Capabilities
1.    Semantic concept capture from documents and email
2.    WG multi-contributor development of semantic concepts in a WG using a WG specific Semantic Wiki
3.    Collaborative development to harmonize concepts across WGs in related work products in an multi-WG Semantic Wiki

4.    Demonstrate governance or lifecycle management of Semantic Wiki




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Semantic Wiki Pilot Goals

+   Manage Collaborative Alignments Across WGs
+   Support CR, SII, NCAT NCOIC working groups consensus building
     +   Create SWiki Concepts to build and archive WG consensus development
     +   Early identification of alignment activities across WGs
     +    Creation of ontologies and semantic knowledge base for each COI

+   Evaluate Semantic Wiki as Cross WG collaborative environment for:
     +   Cross organizational information product alignment activities
     +   Capturing knowledge of experts as thy build consensus on technical concepts
     +   Creating and managing information concepts in each COI
     +   Extraction and analysis of source information and linking to WG technical concepts (Standards, Customer Docs, etc.)
     +   Knowledge version management

+   Semantic Ontologies and Knowledge Bases
     +   Evaluate Semantic Wiki to develop semantic ontologies related to SWiki concepts
     +   Evaluate ability to create models of models to better align and harmonize NCOIC information deliverables
     +   Develop COI semantic knowledge base that evolves as the NCOIC evolves NCO concepts
     +   Support complex semantic queries against the SWiki, Ontologie, and Knowledge Base




                                                                                                                               64
Semantic Wiki Pilot Proposal

+ Purpose
+ Rationale
+ Scope
+ Participants and roles
+ Approach
+ Schedule of deliverables
+ Benefits
+ Costs

                               65
Presenter Bios




                 67
 Semantics build on things we already know

Sounds like               Sounds like Taxonomy What more do
Metadata?                 and Vocabularies?    Semantics provide?
+Similar…                 +Close…                      +Context
+Metadata serves the     +Taxonomy provides a          +Multiple points of view
implementation paradigms hierarchy of terms of
of the system            concepts from a social        +Inferred relationships
                         point of view
+Is the semantics of the                               +Causality
data structures in a     +Permits only one
system, e.g.:            accepted notion of a term:    +Granularity

– Relational – ERD         – Brother? family, or
                             religion, or union, or…
– Object oriented – UML
– XML documents – XSD
  XMI


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