Sports _ games by tangshuming


									Sports and games
    Sports are very good for active relaxation as well as for our physical and mental health. There are lots
of types of sports and games. We can practise outdoor or indoor sports.

    Outdoor sports are as follows: golf, hiking, rock climbing, horse riding, riding a bike, parachuting,
gliding, skateboarding, motor racing, running on short, mid-range and long tracks, obstacle course and
the marathon.
    Winter sports: skiing (cross-country, down-hill, slalom and ski-jump), bobsledding, toboganning
and skating (speed skating, figure skating, roller skating).
    Aquatic sports: water skiing, water polo, diving, swimming (breaststroke, backstroke, crawl,
butterfly, free style), aquabelles, boating, rowing, sailing, canoeing, yachting, diving, windsurfing,
fishing and rafting.

   Indoor sports include: table tennis, boxing, wrestling, weight lifting, fencing, archery, body building,
judo, yoga, shooting from rifles or crossbows, karate, gymnastics, chess.

   Ball games may be practised both outdoor and indoor, athletics too (high and long jump, pole vault
and javelin, discus and grenade throw and hurdling.
   Ball games: tennis, table-tennis, squash, bowling, billiards, basketball, volleyball, handball, football
(soccer in the USA), rugby, ice or field hockey, cricket. Many sports have their origin in Britain (rugby,
hockey, cricket, darts, tennis, football, boxing), golf in Scotland, ice hockey in Canada.

   There are a lot of sports clubs (Manchester United, Arsenal) in Britain and the world’s biggest football
stadium – the Wembley Arena.

   The major sports events in Britain are:
                        Wimbledon (the Grand Tennis Tournament)
                        the British Open Golf Championship
                        the Grand National (horse.race steeplechase)
                        Rowing race between Oxford and Cambridge on the Thames

   The Czech Republic has got many outstanding sportsmen who have achieved success abroad - in ice
hockey, football, tennis, athletics and shooting (you can name some).

  The most talented sportsmen take part in the Olympic Games. There are summer and winter olympic
games and they take part every 4 years. The first Olympic Games were held in ancient Greece. A sports-
man may obtain a title, a bronze, silver or gold medal.

    Some other sports events are the World and European Championships and Cups in various sports.

    It is good to start our physical training (PT) when we are very young. Now, when we study at the
specialized vocational school we have PT lessons twice a week. Before the lesson starts we change into
sports wear, such as T-shirts, shorts and trainers in a dressing room, then we go to the gym, do a warm-up
exercise and next we practise games or gymnastics. Our gym is well equipped: we have got wallbars
(ribstoly), horizontal bar (hrazda), parallel bars (bradla), beams (lavičky), rings (kruhy), vaulting horse (kůň),
springboards (odrazové můstky), climbing rope (lano) and pole (tyč), balancing form (kladina), mats

  We can practise sports at playgrounds, sports halls, covered pools, stadiums, tennis courts, ice-rinks,
gymnasiums, fitness centres.

   I think that each of us can be a sportsman, but not everybody can be a good one. A good sportsman
must be healthy and a non-smoker. He must listen to his coach, train very hard and should have a fair
                                  SPORTS AND GAMES
   Sports are one of the most popular leisure time activities. Doing sports keeps us healthy, relaxed, as
well as maintains our figure and strengthens our endurance. During sports events one can meet a lot
of new people and see how it feels to be a winner or a loser.
   Sports can be divided into two groups according to where they can be done. Indoor sports include
for example gymnastics, table tennis, boxing, wrestling etc. On the other hand, outdoor sports are
skiing (down-hill, cross-country, ski jump), sledding, hiking, rock climbing, horse riding, riding a
mountain bike, golf, and some aquatic sports such as rowing or windsurfing. However, most sports
and almost all games can be done both indoors and outdoors. Meetings in all the track and fields
events (sprints, middle and long distance runs, hurdling, high and long jump, pole vault, shot put,
javelin and discus throw) take place in summer stadiums as well as in athletic halls. Also one of the
healthiest sports, swimming, and figure skating do not actually demand a roofed room. One can easily
recognize that those sports which can be done only on ice or snow (skating, skiing etc.) are winter
sports whereas all the rest we call summer or all-season sports.
   The games are usually all season activities, and they can be played both indoors and outdoors. The
most numerous group of games are the ball games. Among them, football is the most widespread. As
it is commonly known, in this collective game two teams of 11 members play with the ball on a grass
playing ground called pitch. The purpose is to kick the ball so as to get it into the opposite goal.
Football is played all over the world. In America it is called soccer (derived from the name Association
football). In our country, volleyball is very popular. It is played by two teams each with six players. It is
played on a field or a beach and you need a ball and a net. The object of the game is not to let the ball
touch the ground on our side, but to make the ball hit the ground on your opponent's side.
   In our country ball games rank among the most popular ones. They include especially football,
volleyball, basketball, handball, and tennis. Beside this ice hockey is played at a very high level too.
Our country has produced many sportsmen who were successful in top international competitions.
   In our town there are a lot of sports facilities available. We can visit the summer stadium, which
serves as a track and football field, and the ice rink where we can skate. Next to the summer stadium
a few tennis and volleyball courts and a handball playground can be found. For indoor activities there
is a modern sports hall and several fitness centres around the town. The only fault is that we have no
swimming pool yet. There is a ski-tow on a nearby hill for the down-hill skiers.
   At the secondary school I attend, we have a beautiful new gym, so we can have PE lessons three
times a week. This is how it goes: We get in our sport suit - a T-shirt, shorts and trainers. We start with
stretching and warming up, to get our bodies flexible and ready. It varies what kind of sports we do,
sometimes we play ball games such as volleyball or basketball. I prefer doing gymnastics, such as
forward and backward somersaults,
Olympics) were already held in ancient Greece. At that time they put emphasis on the ideal of an all-
round developed person. The Olympics were renewed by Pierre de Coubertin about a hundred years
ago and today as well as in ancient times they take place every four years. Since 1924 there have
been two parts of the games - the winter part and the summer part. Now they alternate once every
two years.
   My favourite sport is...

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