Muhammad - PowerPoint

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					Muhammad
Early life


• Born into Quraysh tribe btwn 570-580
• Father died before he was born
• Age 6 – mom dies
• Raised by Uncle Abu Talib
• Worked for and later married Khadija
• 7 children only 1(Fatima) survived
• Liked being by himself
Call to prophethood
• Age 40-in spent time in a cave on
  Mount Hira
• A voice (Angel Gabriel) told
  Muhammad to recite
Muhammad Spreads the
Word -teachings
• 1. there was only 1 God (Allah) and all
  submit to Him
• 2. All believers in God are equal
• 3. rich should share with the poor
• 4. People should live righteously
  (good)
• 5. all people face a judgment day
Teachings Cont.


• Companions credited Muhammad
  with miracles
 – Passed through the 7 levels of heaven
   “night journey”
 – Brought a spring into Makkah (Mecca)
Angry Makkans


• Preaching angered Mecca
 – Wanted to abolish (get rid of) idolatry
 – Critical of rich merchants who controlled
   most of the money and power in Mecca
Protection for the Prophet


• His powerful and respected family kept
  him safe
• After Uncle and wife died fled to
  Madinah
Emigration to Madinah


• Traveled to Yathrib
• Journey (hijrah) marks beginning of
  Islam/Muslim calendar
Muhammad’s welcome


• Was welcomed by Jews and Arabs
• Thought Muhammad would stop a civil
  war
• renamed city Yathrib Madinaht
  (Madinah)
• Believers began to call themselves
  Muslims (those who submit to God’s
  Will)
Conflict in Madinah


• Muhammad wanted new converts
• Some Jewish leaders did not accept
  Muhammad as a prophet
• Expelled (kicked out) Jews who
  opposed Muhammad
• Muhammad told followers to pray
  toward Mecca not Jerusalem
Return to Mecca
• Quraysh
  – Became more hostile as more people
    became Muslim
• Muhammad’s followers
  – Were outnumbered but won the battle of
    Badr
Battle of Badr
Outcome
• More battles fought in yrs that followed
• Makkans laid siege on Madinah in 627
• 630 captured Makkah
• Destroyed all idols and pagan relics –
  dedicated Kaaba to Allah
• 632 Muhammad's last hajj (pilgrimage)
• Rites and ceremonies of the hajj
  became standard practice for Muslims