The Restoration and the Eighteenth Century

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					The Restoration and the Eighteenth
             Century
            February 2009
              Ms. Perry
“Seven groups…”
 Read C.F. Main’s quotation on page 468.
 What conclusions can you draw about English society based
  on this quotation?
 Can you compare this quotation with American society
  today?
Moving away from the Renaissance….
 From 1600 to 1800, the colonies were established. In 1775,
  the colonies rebelled against the British.
 Meanwhile, by 1660, England was devastated by twenty years
  of civil war, a plague, and a fire that left 2/3 of Londoners
  homeless.
 By the end of the eighteenth century, England transformed
  into a society that valued philosophy, art, and literature. The
  middle class grew and colonies were established throughout
  the world.
Reason and Enlightenment
 The “Age of Reason” and the “Enlightenment” suggest a shift
  in thinking.
 People start asking “how” not “why” events were occurring
  (such as earthquakes and comets).
 Workings of the human body to the laws of the universe
  became less frightening and superstitious.

 When have we seen examples of superstition in
  previous units?
Changes in religion
 The new science influenced religion. Deism viewed the
  universe as a machine, which God had built and left to run on
  its own.
 When Charles II reestablished the Anglican Church as the
  official church of the country, other sects were outlawed and
  persecuted.
 Catholics were viewed with suspicion and the only Catholic
  successor fled with his family to France. This allowed
  Protestants to remain comfortably in power.
Theatre and Literature
 Theatres in England were reestablished and women played
    new types of roles that dramatized the relationships between
    men and women.
   Moral corruption and commercialism was satirized by
    authors such as Pope and Swift.
   Journalism became a new profession, and many journalists
    saw themselves as public manners and morals.
   Poetry was created for public occasions.
   Novels (“something new”) developed and became popular
    with English women.
A simpler life?
 The “age of sensibility” was defined by Dr. Samuel Johnson,
  who had conservative and traditional beliefs. He questioned
  the optimistic assumption that the future would be better
  than the past.
 At the end of the century, as industrialization exploded,
  writers returned to nature and folk themes. Why do you
  think this was the case?
Haves and Have-Nots…
 Groups will be randomly assigned a social status.
 Read “haves” (page 473) and “have-nots” (page 478)
 Scenario: Samuel Pepys, a member of the upper-class in
  eighteenth century England, attended a lot of fancy parties.
  However, he also interacted with the common people and the
  poor. Imagine that your group is being interviewed by Samuel
  Pepys. Based on your reading and class notes, list your top ten
  concerns that affect your social class.You could bring up policies
  that you would like changed or things you would like to stay the
  same.
 You will present your group’s argument to Samuel Pepys (aka Ms.
  Perry)