Thomas Paine writes a pamphlet
named “Common Sense”, calling for
independence in 1776.
In his writing, Paine attacks King
George and calls him a “tyrant”
The pamphlet sells over 100,000 copies
and helps lead the country to
May 1775: Battle of Lexington and
Concorde, 1st battle of war
Americans defeated 700 British
soldiers who were returning from
seizing a supply depot.
June 1775: Battle of Bunker Hill
2,200 British troops attacked Breed’s
Hill north of Boston. American militia
inflicted 1,000 casualties before being
forced to retreat.
Even though Americans had to retreat,
the Battle of Bunker Hill gave them
confidence to fight the British.
1st MAJOR battle of the war was in New
York. Washington’s army was defeated
Washington retreated into Pennsylvania,
and on December 25, 1776 he launched an
attack across the Delaware River and scored
Spring 1776: British and
Washington fought for
Philadelphia. Washington was
defeated again, and suffered
After this battle, Washington
and his men took up winter
quarters in Valley Forge. The
cold weather and lack of
supplies killed 2,500 men.
Ending the War
After the American victory at Saratoga the French
entered the war on the side of the Americans.
They provided much needed arms, money, and
1781: General Cornwallis invades Virginia with
June 1781: Virginia controlled by British
A large American force led by General Anthony
Wayne pursues Cornwallis and forces him to
retreat to the sea.
…Ending the War continued…
With help from Gen. Washington, the
Americans surround Cornwallis in the city of
Cornwallis’ retreat to the sea, but he was cut
off by French ships.
October 1781: Cornwallis surrenders his
Treaty of Paris 1783: ends the war. Britain
was forced to recognize the U.S. a new