The New Deal Alphabet Agencies WPA By Mr RJ Huggins Key Quotes: FDR’s Inauguration Speech This Nation asks for action, and action now. Our greatest primary task is to put people to work. I shall ask congress for broad executive power to wage was against the emergency. The New Deal: Alphabet Agencies The Alphabet Agencies were set up to help reverse the ‘Spiral of Depression.’ The main aim was to pump money back into the economy by giving the unemployed jobs. Not everyone within the Democratic Party agreed exactly how this should be done. Causes of the Depression Demand Fewer goods People lose drops. are sold. their jobs. In order to stay in business The Spiral Even more people companies cut Of Lose their confidence wages And spend less money Depression People lose their confidence & Demand Companies are start saving their drops even forced to cut costs money further. by laying people off Reversing the Spiral of Depression Alphabet Government More Pay = Agencies Spending $ More Taxes More Jobs More Jobs Cycle Democrats called More Spending of this Process More goods have ‘Pump Priming’ Prosperity! to be produced Demand for Demand for goods increases goods increases More goods have More people with More to be produced Jobs = more pay $ Spending How do you put the USA back to work? V Harry Hopkins Harold Ickes Harry Hopkins Work Relief preserves a man’s morale. It saves his skill. It gives him a chance to do something socially useful Set up two key Alphabet Agencies: CWA & WPA which aimed to help the unskilled unemployed. Criticised for wasting taxpayers money on ‘boondoggles.’ CWA = Civil Works Administration Built 800,000 km of Paid people to sweep roads. up leaves in the parks. Built 40,000 schools Paid unemployed actors to give free Built 500 airports & shows. rebuilt 500 more. Hired 100 people to Built 150,000 public scare pigeons away toilets. with balloons from public buildings in Boondoggling Washington DC. Harold Ickes ‘My PWA will will give work to the unemployed by creating things of lasting use to the nation.’ Set up the PWA which gave jobs to the skilled unemployed. Was very careful how he spent taxpayer’s money. PWA = Public Works Administration Built 70% of USA Built 50 military Schools. airports. Built 35% of USA Built two aircraft Hospitals. carriers. Built four cruisers & Built for river dams. destroyers for the Electrified the New US Navy. York Washington Built a new sewage railway. system in Chicago. PWA only provided jobs for the skilled unemployed! What about the unskilled unemployed? In response to being accused of ‘boondoggling’, when he gave unemployed librarians jobs cataloguing historical documents, Hopkins replied: ‘Hell, they’ve got to eat just like other people.’ In 1934, the CWA was shut down because it was wasting money What about the unskilled unemployed? • In 1935, after a terrible winter FDR decided to help the unskilled unemployed by setting up WPA with Harry Hopkins in charge. • The PWA continued working until 1939. WPA = Works Progress Administration Built 11,000 schools. Employed 12,000 Built 70,000 km of Actors to put on plays roads. and concerts to cheer La Guardia airport in people up! New York. Employed artists and Employed painters to make photographers to paintings for display in make a record of the schools and public Depression. buildings. Gave work to 2 million ‘Boondoggles?’ people a year. Recap: Reversing the Spiral of Depression Alphabet Government More Pay = Agencies Spending $ More Taxes More Jobs More Jobs Cycle Democrats called More Spending of this Process More goods have ‘Pump Priming’ Prosperity! to be produced Demand for Demand for goods increases goods increases More goods have More people with More to be produced Jobs = more pay $ Spending Summary Key Words • In order to get a a Spiral of Depression grade ‘C’ upwards in exams, you Pump Priming must learn and Unskilled & Skilled use the key words workers & facts. ‘Boondoggling’ • These concepts CWA, WPA & PWA will be awarded as key ‘knowledge.’ Alphabet Agencies Exam Question 1 • How useful is this source for explaining how the New Deal put America back to work? Mark Scheme Level Grade Description 1 E Simple undeveloped answer. 2 D Uses or combines information from the sources. 3 C/B Uses sources & own relevant knowledge / concepts. 4 A/A* Balanced answer covering both parts of the question Level 3 For Against PWA = Public Works No mention of WPA Administration. which was set up to ‘Alphabet Agency’ create jobs for the designed to reverse the unskilled workers such ‘Spiral of Depression’ and as actors & kick start demand photographers. Jobs created for skilled Photograph taken by a construction workers: E.g. WPA photographer. Builders & Plumbers deducted from poster Level 4 = an answer which includes one from each column. Exam Question 2 • How successful was the New deal at putting USA back to work? Use the source and your knowledge to explain your answer. Mark Scheme Level Grade Description 1 E Simple undeveloped answer. 2 D Uses or combines information from the sources. 3 C/B Uses sources & own relevant knowledge / concepts. 4 A/A* Balanced answer covering both parts of the question Level 3 For Against FDR = Roosevelt taking New Deal wasting ‘Action’ to end the money 16 billion spent Depression. on ‘boondoggles’ jobs FDR is Pouring tax created by alphabet payers money to reverse agencies such as CWA the ‘Spiral of Depression.’ & WPA. = ‘Pump Priming.’ E.G. Scaring pigeons with balloons Level 4 = an answer which includes one from each column.
Pages to are hidden for
"The New Deal - Download as PowerPoint"Please download to view full document