The New Deal - Download as PowerPoint by Adela Sanders

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									The New Deal
  Alphabet Agencies
        WPA

    By Mr RJ Huggins
Key Quotes: FDR’s Inauguration
           Speech

             This Nation asks for action,
                and action now. Our
              greatest primary task is to
             put people to work. I shall
               ask congress for broad
              executive power to wage
             was against the emergency.
      The New Deal: Alphabet
            Agencies

The Alphabet Agencies were set up to
 help reverse the ‘Spiral of Depression.’
The main aim was to pump money back
 into the economy by giving the
 unemployed jobs.
Not everyone within the Democratic Party
 agreed exactly how this should be done.
      Causes of the Depression
    Demand             Fewer goods       People lose
     drops.              are sold.        their jobs.


   In order to
stay in business     The Spiral       Even more people
 companies cut           Of          Lose their confidence
      wages                          And spend less money
                     Depression
People lose their
  confidence &          Demand         Companies are
start saving their     drops even     forced to cut costs
      money              further.    by laying people off
  Reversing the Spiral of Depression
  Alphabet          Government           More Pay =
  Agencies          Spending $           More Taxes


  More Jobs                              More Jobs
                      Cycle
                    Democrats called
More Spending             of
                       this Process    More goods have
                     ‘Pump Priming’
                   Prosperity!          to be produced

  Demand for                             Demand for
goods increases                        goods increases

More goods have   More people with        More
 to be produced   Jobs = more pay $      Spending
How do you put the USA back to
            work?




                V

Harry Hopkins       Harold Ickes
               Harry Hopkins
                              Work Relief preserves a
                            man’s morale. It saves his
                            skill. It gives him a chance
                             to do something socially
                                        useful

                            Set up two key Alphabet
                            Agencies: CWA & WPA
                            which aimed to help the
                            unskilled unemployed.
Criticised for wasting taxpayers money on ‘boondoggles.’
          CWA = Civil Works
           Administration

 Built 800,000 km of     Paid people to sweep
  roads.                   up leaves in the parks.
 Built 40,000 schools    Paid unemployed
                           actors to give free
 Built 500 airports &     shows.
  rebuilt 500 more.       Hired 100 people to
 Built 150,000 public     scare pigeons away
  toilets.                 with balloons from
                           public buildings in
  Boondoggling             Washington DC.
Harold Ickes
        ‘My PWA will will give
        work to the unemployed
         by creating things of
       lasting use to the nation.’

      Set up the PWA which
       gave jobs to the skilled
       unemployed.
      Was very careful how he
       spent taxpayer’s money.
       PWA = Public Works
         Administration
 Built 70% of USA         Built 50 military
  Schools.                  airports.
 Built 35% of USA         Built two aircraft
  Hospitals.                carriers.
                           Built four cruisers &
 Built for river dams.     destroyers for the
 Electrified the New       US Navy.
  York Washington          Built a new sewage
  railway.                  system in Chicago.

PWA only provided jobs for the skilled unemployed!
What about the unskilled
     unemployed?
                     In response to being accused
                     of ‘boondoggling’, when he
                     gave unemployed librarians
                     jobs cataloguing historical
                     documents, Hopkins replied:

                     ‘Hell, they’ve got to eat
                      just like other people.’

In 1934, the CWA was shut down because it
            was wasting money
What about the unskilled
     unemployed?
          • In 1935, after a terrible
            winter FDR decided to
            help the unskilled
            unemployed by setting
            up WPA with Harry
            Hopkins in charge.
          • The PWA continued
            working until 1939.
       WPA = Works Progress
          Administration
 Built 11,000 schools.  Employed 12,000
 Built 70,000 km of      Actors to put on plays
  roads.                  and concerts to cheer
 La Guardia airport in   people up!
  New York.              Employed artists and
 Employed                painters to make
  photographers to        paintings for display in
  make a record of the    schools and public
  Depression.             buildings.
                         Gave work to 2 million
    ‘Boondoggles?’        people a year.
      Recap: Reversing the Spiral of
              Depression
  Alphabet          Government          More Pay =
  Agencies          Spending $          More Taxes


  More Jobs                             More Jobs
                       Cycle
                  Democrats called
More Spending             of
                     this Process     More goods have
                   ‘Pump Priming’
                  Prosperity!          to be produced

  Demand for                            Demand for
goods increases                       goods increases

More goods have   More people with       More
 to be produced   Jobs = more pay $     Spending
               Summary
                             Key Words
• In order to get a a    Spiral of Depression
  grade ‘C’ upwards
  in exams, you          Pump Priming
  must learn and         Unskilled & Skilled
  use the key words       workers
  & facts.               ‘Boondoggling’
• These concepts
                         CWA, WPA & PWA
  will be awarded as
  key ‘knowledge.’       Alphabet Agencies
            Exam Question 1




• How useful is this source for explaining how the
  New Deal put America back to work?
              Mark Scheme
Level Grade             Description

 1     E      Simple undeveloped answer.
 2     D      Uses or combines information
              from the sources.
 3    C/B     Uses sources & own relevant
              knowledge / concepts.
 4    A/A*    Balanced answer covering both
              parts of the question
                       Level 3
            For                      Against
 PWA = Public Works            No mention of WPA
  Administration.                which was set up to
 ‘Alphabet Agency’              create jobs for the
  designed to reverse the        unskilled workers such
  ‘Spiral of Depression’ and     as actors &
  kick start demand              photographers.
 Jobs created for skilled      Photograph taken by a
  construction workers: E.g.     WPA photographer.
  Builders & Plumbers
  deducted from poster

   Level 4 = an answer which includes one
              from each column.
Exam Question 2

        • How successful
          was the New deal
          at putting USA
          back to work? Use
          the source and
          your knowledge to
          explain your
          answer.
             Mark Scheme
Level Grade             Description

 1     E      Simple undeveloped answer.
 2     D      Uses or combines information
              from the sources.
 3    C/B     Uses sources & own relevant
              knowledge / concepts.
 4    A/A*    Balanced answer covering both
              parts of the question
                       Level 3
            For                      Against
 FDR = Roosevelt taking         New Deal wasting
  ‘Action’ to end the             money 16 billion spent
  Depression.                     on ‘boondoggles’ jobs
 FDR is Pouring tax              created by alphabet
  payers money to reverse         agencies such as CWA
  the ‘Spiral of Depression.’     & WPA.
  = ‘Pump Priming.’              E.G. Scaring pigeons
                                  with balloons


   Level 4 = an answer which includes one
              from each column.

								
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