The French Revolution - DOC

Document Sample
The French Revolution - DOC Powered By Docstoc
					                                                       The French Revolution
                                    Main Idea: Economic and social inequalities in the Old Regime
                                    helped cause the French Revolution.

                                    Why It Matters Now: Throughout history, economic and social
                                    inequalities have led peoples to revolt against their governments.


Part One: The Old Regime
In the 1770’s, the system of feudalism left over from the Middle Ages remained in place; this was known
as the ___________________________. The people of France were divided into three large social
classes called ___________________________. Complete the following Double-T Chart by comparing
and contrasting the First and Second Estate. Use additional resources if necessary.


         FIRST ESTATE                           SIMILAR                           SECOND ESTATE




Part Two: The Third Estate
On a separate sheet of paper, create a Web Diagram on the Third Estate. Be sure to create a sub-topic
with supporting detail for each of the three groups that make up the Third Estate.

Using information from a minimum of two sources in addition to the textbook, create a Sensory Figure on
a “typical member” of the one of the three estates or an Acrostic Poem using the “number” and “estate.”

       Source #1: ______________________________________________________________

       Source #2: ______________________________________________________________

                                                                                      French Revolution -- DLJ
Part Three: The Forces of Change
Using information you have learned in this class, as well as multiple textbooks, complete the following
Matrix Chart on the causes of the French Revolution. Remember to be accurate and thorough.

     Event          Define: Explain the Event (What)           Identify: Justify the Event (Why)




Enlightenment
    Ideas




  American
  Revolution




  Economic
    Woes




    Social
 Inequalities




   A Weak
   Leader




                                                                                  French Revolution -- DLJ
                                     Marie Antoinette – The Queen of France

                                     Louis XVI married Marie Antoinette when he was 15 and she was
                                     just 14. Marie Antoinette was a member of the royal family of
                                     _______________________. She was extremely unpopular because
                                     _______________________________________________________
                                     ____________________________________________________ As
                                     a result, she was nicknamed _______________________________.
                                     Despite this, Marie Antoinette had many redeeming qualities:
                                     Investigate Marie Antoinette and complete the following T-Chart:


            Actions that were “Foolish”                           Actions that are “Admirable”




Part Four: Revolution Dawns
Complete the following Matrix Chart by defining each event and then summarizing each event in the
space provided:

                               Define                                 Summarize


 Meeting of the
 Estates-General




National Assembly
 (Tennis Ct Oath)




  Storming of the
      Bastille



                                                                                     French Revolution -- DLJ
                                                        The French Revolution
                                      Main Idea: The revolutionary government of France made reforms
                                      but also used terror and violence to retain power.

                                      Why It Matters Now: Some governments that lack the support of
                                      a majority of their people still use terrorism to control their citizens.


Part One: The Assembly Reforms France
State the historical significance (importance) of the following dates of the French Revolution:

          Date                                  Historical Significance (Importance)



     May 5th, 1789




    June 17th, 1789




     July 14th, 1789




    August 4th, 1789




On August 27th, 1789 the National Assembly adopted the ______________________________________.
This revolutionary document was influence by the _____________________________________ and the
_________________________________. It stated that _______________________________________
_________________________________. It also stated that the purpose of government was to preserve
the natural rights of man. According to the French, these rights were:
        1)                                                3)
        2)                                                4)
In addition to these natural rights, this document guaranteed ___________________________________,
_________________________________ and _____________________________ to all men. As a result,
______________________________________________ became the battle cry of the French Revolution.

                                                                                        French Revolution -- DLJ
What did the National Assembly do in regard to the Church? What was the intended result of these actions?




                                                                          What was the main motive behind the
                                                                          National Assembly’s actions? Explain.




                                                  A State-
                                                 Controlled
                                                  Church




What were the unintended consequences of the National Assembly’s actions. Explain.




Part Two: Conflicting Goals Cause Divisions
        By 1791, the National Assembly created a limited constitutional monarchy. This meant _______
         ______________________________________________________________________________
         ______________________________________________________________________________
         As a result, the __________________________________ replaced the National Assembly as the
         law-making branch of the French Government.
        Despite this success, the French government still faced the problem of _____________________
         and _______________________. There were angry cries for more ____________________,
         more _____________________ and more _______________________. This caused the leaders
         of the new government to turn against each other.
        On the extreme right were the _______________________ who wanted ___________________
         ______________________________________________________________________________.
        On the extreme left were the ________________________ who wanted ____________________
         ______________________________________________________________________________.


                                                                                              French Revolution -- DLJ
Summarize the events that lead to the formation of the National Convention.




Once in power, what did the National Convention do?




Personal Response (p. 201): In your opinion, was the guillotine a form of cruel and unusual punishment?
What was the purpose of holding public executions then and now?




                                                                  Before his execution, Louis XVI said, “I am
                                                                  innocent and shall die without fear. I would
                                                                  that my death might bring happiness to the
                                                                  French, and ward off the dangers which I
                                                                  forsee.” King Louis was one of the first
                                                                  persons to be executed by the guillotine.

Part Three: The Terror Grips France; End of Terror
On a separate sheet of paper, create a formal outline of the Reign of Terror (p. 202-203); Underline
important terms/names.

                                                                                    French Revolution -- DLJ
                                   The French Revolution Projects
                                   Main Idea: Economic and social inequalities in the Old Regime
                                   helped cause the French Revolution.

                                   Main Idea: The revolutionary government of France made reforms
                                   but also used terror and violence to retain power.




Option One: Individual
     Students will write a research paper summarizing the causes, events, and effects of the French
      Revolution. The paper must demonstrate an understanding of the material presented in class (i.e.
      information from the textbook) and incorporate evidence of additional research conducted outside
      of classroom instruction (i.e. information not form the textbook).
     The paper must be a minimum of 5-pages and use at least 3 outside sources. The paper must be
      typed in 12-point font using an appropriate font style and double-spaced with 1-inch margins.
      The paper must be proofread, spell-checked and properly cited. See scoring rubric for additional
      information.

Option Two: Individual
     Students will create a set of historical trading cards on the French Revolution, depicting the key
      players of the French Revolution (i.e. King Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, Olympe de Gouges,
      Jean Paul Marat and Maximilien Robespierre) or depicting the main events of the French
      Revolution (i.e. Meeting of the Estates-General, the Formation of the National Assembly, the Fall
      of the Bastille, the Legislative Assembly and the Reign of Terror).
     The “person” card must include a picture of the person, the unit of study and your name. It must
      include a quote from the person, at least 3 significant facts covered in class and at least 2 signifi-
      cant facts not available in the textbook. The card must be 2.5 by 3.5 inches in size and must be
      professionally presented. See rubric.
     The “event” card must include a picture of the event, the unit of study and your name. It must
      include a clear and concise summary of the event, its historical significance and at least 2 signifi-
      cant facts not available in the textbook. The card must be 2.5 by 3.5 inches in size and must be
      professionally presented. See rubric.

Option Three: Partner
     Students will create an illustrated children’s storybook that chronicles the major events of the
      French Revolution. The storybook will include a highlight of the causes, events (Meeting of the
      Estates-General, the Formation of the National Assembly, the Fall of the Bastille/Great Fear, the
      Legislative Assembly, and the Reign of Terror) and effects of the French Revolution.
     The storybook must have an appealing cover with a creative, appropriate title and a table of
      contents. Each “chapter” must include an appropriate title, an illustration of the event, a caption
      for each illustration, and an accurate, informative summary of the event. There must be an
      introduction chapter explaining the causes of the French Revolution and a concluding chapter
      explaining the effects of the French Revolution. The book must be properly bound. See rubric.


                                                                                     French Revolution -- DLJ